a 27 September:
2006 Mark Adam Foley [08 Sep 1954~] Republican US congressman of the 16th District of Florida since 1995, resigns after it becomes public that he has sent sexually explicit emails and instant messages to boys under the age of 18 who were serving as Congressional pages. Aggravating the scandal is the fact that Foley is a former co-chairman of the House Caucus on Missing and Exploited Children, and the suspicion that the Republican congressional leaders (of which he was one: deputy whip) may have conspired to cover-up his transgressions. —(061002)
2004 Greek Orthodox priests and Catholic Franciscan priests engage in a fist fight at Jerusalem's Church of the Holy Sepulcher, after arguing over whether a door in the basilica should be closed during a procession. Dozens of people, including several police officers, are lightly hurt. Four priests are arrested. The fight broke out during a procession of hundreds of Greek Orthodox worshippers commemorating the 4th century pilgrimage by Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine, to Jerusalem, where, according to tradition, she found the cross of Jesus. At one point, the procession passed a Roman Catholic chapel, and priests from both sides started arguing over whether the door to the chapel should be open or closed. After the brawl, the procession continued. Greek Orthodox priests, dressed in black robes and wearing elaborate headdresses, marched out of the church as bells rang loudly. Carrying gold staves and roses, they marched through the church courtyard and down a narrow stone alley as Greek Orthodox Christians clapped and cheered.
2002 Flowserve Corporation (FLS), the world's largest supplier of pumps, valves, and seals [image below] to the chemical, petroleum and power industries, says that its customers in several sectors have slashed spending and delayed preventive maintenance at their plants, depressing demand for replacement pumps and valves.
Consequently FLS announces that it expects to earn 30 cents to 32 cents per share in the third quarter, down from its earlier forecast of 38 cents to 43 cents and below the analysts' average estimate of 39 cents. Year-earlier earnings were 38 cents a share. For the full year, Flowserve cuts its profit forecast to between $1.45 and $1.55 per share, excluding acquisition-related expenses, from a previous range of $1.70 to $1.90. The consensus estimate is $1.72, compared with $1.42 reported for 2001.
FLS is downgraded by SunTrust Robinson Humphrey from Buy to Neutral, and by Michael Schneider of Robert W. Baird from Outperform to Underperform. On the New York Stock Exchange the stock drops from its previous close of $14.10 to an intraday low of $7.90 and closes at $8.70. It had traded as high as $35.09 as recently as 02 May 2002. [5~year price chart >]
2002 (Friday) In the US the average rate on 30-year fixed-rate mortgages falls to 5.99% in the week ending, and to 5.41% on the 15-year, the lowest rates since Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation) was chartered by Congress in 1970 (US Code Title 12 Chapter 11A) as a government-sponsored stockholder-owned corporation that buys mortgages from lenders and packages them into securities for investors or holds them in its own portfolio. It is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol FRE. It is similar to Fannie Mae (FNM: the Federal National Mortgage Association US Code Title 12 Chapter 13 Subchapter III)
2002 Jakob von Metzler, 11, is kidnapped on his way home from the Carl-Schurz School, after he gets off a bus in the Sachsenhausen section of Frankfurt, Germany, a short distance from his home, at 10:30. About an hour later the family receives a note demanding ransom of nearly $1 million, but its payment does not secure his release. His father is banker Friedrich von Metzler, of the family that founded the Metzler Bank, and is still owns it.
| 2002 East Timor, officially independent since 20 May
2002, becomes the 191st member of the United Nations.
2002 In Morocco, elections to the 325-seat lower house of parliament. There are 5873 candidates, from 26 parties, in 91 electoral districts, for parties, under proportional representation.
2002 Ostrich rights include 650 square meters of Lebensraum each and, during the winter, Wärme, according to the German upper house Bundesrat, which asks that animal protection laws be extended to ostriches, which are raised for their meat in Germany, as there is no mad ostrich disease, nor foot-and-beak disease.
2002 The UN Human Rights Committee rejects the argument by Frenchman Manuel Wackenheim, 114 cm tall, against France's 1995 ban on dwarf-tossing, by which he made his living, a strong man grabbing him by the handles on the back of his padded clothing and tossing him, wearing a crash helmet, as far as possible, usually in a bar or discothèque.
1999 Russian pilots strike Chechen capital for fifth day (CNN)
1995 The US Treasury Department presents a new $100 bill, more difficult to forge, complete with an off-center, but enlarged picture of Ben Franklin.
1991 Pres Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert
| 1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not
Christ`s burial cloth
1986 US Senate joins House of Representatives in voting for sweeping tax reforms
1984 La Ley Orgánica contra terroristas y bandas armadas es aprobada por el Congreso español.
1970 El rey Hussein y Yasir Arafat firman en El Cairo un acuerdo que pone fin a los enfrentamientos entre jordanos y palestinos en Jordania.
1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles
1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN.
1954 School integration begins in Wash DC and Baltimore Md public schools
1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan
1950 US Army and Marine troops liberate Seoul, South Korea.
1944 II Guerra Mundial: Tropas soviéticas y yugoslavas entran en Albania.
1941 Es proclamada oficialmente la independencia de Siria.
| 1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed
1919 US Democratic National Committee votes to admit women.
1918 US President Woodrow Wilson opens his fourth Liberty Loan campaign to support men and machines for World War I.
1916 Constance of Greece declares war on Bulgaria.
1910 1st test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France)
| 1863 Jo Shelby's calvery in action at Moffat's Station,
1862 Second Conscription Act of the Confederate Congress
1862 First Federal regiment of black soldiers mustered in at New Orleans, Louisiana
1841 El general Leopoldo O´Donnell encabeza en Pamplona un movimiento contra Espartero, cuyo objetivo es colocar de nuevo a María Cristina en la Regencia.
1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England En 1814, l’anglais Stephenson inventa la première locomotive. Ce 27 septembre 1825, le premier train de voyageurs entre en service entre Stockton-on-Tees et Darlington.
1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
1803 En tant que médiateur, Napoléon Bonaparte permet à la Suisse de rétablir l'État fédéral. Treize cantons sont restaurés et six nouveaux sont créés.
1791 Jews in France are granted French citizenship.
1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification
1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British
1568 Catherine de Médicis, annule le traité de Longjumeau signé le 23 mars. Les libertés qu'il garantissait aux huguenots sont remises en cause.
2005 10 persons, including a suicide bomber, among applicants waiting outside a police recruitment center in Baquba, Iraq, at 10:00 (06:00 UT). 24 persons are injured.
2004 Two Palestinian men, shot by Israeli troops early in the evening in the Balata refugee camp, near Nablus, West Bank. According to the Israelis, the two were wanted Fatah militants and were carrying weapons. Palestinians say that the two were throwing stones at Israeli troops.
2004 Ali Al-Shaer, 26, Palestinian militant, by missile fired by an Israeli helicopter at the car in which he was, in Khan Yunis, Gaza Strip, late in the afternoon. Three persons are wounded, including the apparent target, Mohammed Abu Nsair, a leading activist of the Popular Resistance Committees.
2004 Mazhar Al-Azzama, 42, and his daughter Islam Al-Azzama, 12 months, from the Israeli Bedouin village Bir-Hadge, by the explosion under their car of an artillery shell fired by Israeli troops in training at the "Shivta" Artillery Corps base. Three other family members are injured. They were on the military training grounds to collect scrap metal for resale, as they cannot find jobs. Mazhar had two wives and six other children.
2004 Two Palestinians, shot by Israeli soldiers of the Combat Engineering unit. The two men carrying a large bomb 100 meters west of the Gaza Strip border fence
2004 A Palestinian civilian, 55, standing at the gate of a school in the Khan Yunis refugee camp, Gaza Strip, toward which Israeli soldiers were firing machine guns.
2004 Palestinian taxi driver, 45, shot by a group of Jews from the enclave settlement Alon Moreh, Gaza Strip, while he is taking passengers to a nearby Palestinian town.
2004 Two men and one woman, by US air attack on the Sadr City area of Baghdad, Iraq. Some 50 persons are injured.
2004 Three Iraqi National Guardsmen, by car bomb in Mosul, Iraq. 5 guardsmen and 3 civilians are wounded.
2004 Tsai Wan-lin, financier with a fortune of $4.6 billion, the wealthiest man in Taiwan and 94th in the world. He was born in 1924 in a family of poor tenant farmers. Tsai started out peddling fruit and selling soy sauce with his two brothers, Wan-chun and Wan-tsai. They eventually created a conglomerate of some 70 enterprises, in varied industries like banking, plastics and commercial real estate. After it split in 1979, Tsai, with his share of holdings, formed the Lin-Yuan Group, which includes Cathay Financial Holdings, one of the largest financial services firms in Taiwan.
2002 Kelvin DeBourgh, 23, 2:35 hours after the 12:25 derailment [photo >] of three cars of the light AirTrain he, alone on board, was testing, designed to link New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport with public transport lines. DeBourgh worked for Bombardier, the company that designed and built the train, which it will operate.
2002 Mark Zach, 35, Nebraska State Patrol officer for twelve years, suicide with his service revolver, at 13:00, in Norfolk, Nebraska. He leaves behind his widow and his six orphaned children, aged 4 to 15. On 20 September 2002, Erick Fernando Vela, 21, had been stopped by Zach, who ticketed him for carrying a concealed weapon. Zach transposed two digits when entering the gun's serial number into a police computer.Thus the gun was not signaled as stolen and Vela was not arrested, though the gun was confiscated. On 26 September Vela was one of the three men who assaulted a bank in Norfolk, killing five persons.
2002 Mohammed Yarmour, 21, shot at his Hebron, West Bank, home in a predawn raid by Israeli troops who surrounded his home in the Farash neighborhood of Hebron, West Bank. The Isralis variously say that Yarmour, a leading Hamas activist, fired a pistol at them, and that he was killed while fleeing armed with a submachinegun.
2002 Glen Rounds, 96, mule skinner, cowboy, carnival medicine man, and other odd jobs, and then, for most of his life, folk author and illustrator. His dozens of books include tall tales and realistic stories about life and nature on the plains, particularly in Montana, where he grew up on ranches, drawing the people, animals and daily life he saw, and North Carolina, where he lived. Although published for children, many of his books also appealed to adults. The first, Ol' Paul, the Mighty Logger (1936), still in print when he died, contains 10 stories about Paul Bunyan. The stories were made up, not researched. The 11 titles in the "Whitey" series, about a young cowboy and his cousin, were published from 1941 to 1963 and remained popular for years with children 7 to 10. In 1989 severe arthritis in his right arm forced him to stop drawing. He used the summer to learn to draw left-handed and went back to work. The illustrations in the books of his last years, especially Sod Houses on the Great Plains (1995) and his last, Beaver (1999), have a distinctive rough spareness.
2001: 14 persons, by gunfire and a hand grenade, by an assailant disguised as a police officer (one of the 14, as he shoots himself last), in a joint meeting of the cantonal government and assembly in Zug, Switzerland.. Three members of the local government are among the victims.
2000 Plane hijacker, beaten to death with a mobile phone by passengers on a Xinhua Airline Boeing 737 flying from Baotou (Inner Mongolia). The plane landed at Jinan (Shandong). All 143 passengers were unharmed. One pilot was hospitalized.
1997 William Edge, English mathematician born on 08 November 1904.
1996 Najibullah, former Afghan president, hanged by Taliban. Near the end of the eight years of factional conflict that plagued Afghanistan following the Soviet withdrawal, Taliban, a group of Islamic fundamentalists, seized control of Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, and hang Najibullah, the former Afghan president. By mid 1997, all of Afghanistan was under the control of Taliban, who enforced strict Islamic law across the nation.
1994: 40 personas mueren y otras 70 resultan heridas al estallar una bomba durante una boda en una casa de Kabul (Afganistán).
1994 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, ex presidente de Colombia.
1986 Cerca de 25'000 aves, en su mayoría patos, mueren en las marismas limítrofes con el Parque Nacional de Doñana, envenenadas por el supuesto uso indiscriminado de insecticidas.
1975 Dos miembros de ETA y tres del FRAP, fusilados en España por terrorismo.
1962 Francisco Brochado da Rocha, 52, PM of Brazil (1962)
1961 Josep María de Sagarra, escritor español.
1956 Milburn Apt in X-2 rocket plane reaches 3370 kph, but, dies in crash
1944 Thousands of British troops are killed as German forces rebuff their massive effort to capture the Arnhem Bridge across the Rhine River in Holland. --
1940 Julián Besteiro Fernández, dirigente socialista español.
1921 Engelbert Humperdinck, compositor alemán.
1917 Edgar Degas, pintor francés.
1910 Jorge Chávez, aviador peruano, el primero que atravesó los Alpes en avión.
1907 Sergio Camargo Pinzón, militar y político colombiano.
1905 Thomas Edgar Pemberton, author. PEMBERTON ONLINE: An Essay for the Further Improvement of Dancing
1903 James Stanley Grimes, author. GRIMES ONLINE: Geonomy: A Theory of the Ocean Currents and Their Agency in the Formation of the Continents; to which is added Astrogenea: A New Theory of the Formation of Planetary Systems
1891 Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov, Russian novelist and travel writer His Oblomov (English translation) is regarded as one of the most important Russian novels. GONCHAROV ONLINE: Oblomov Obyknovennaya istoriya Opyat' Gamlet na russkoy stzene (English translation): Oblomov
1886 John Esten Cooke, author. COOKE ONLINE: The Life of Stonewall Jackson
1854 Henry Hope Reed, author. REED ONLINE: For the People
1854 Some 300 people aboard steamship Arctic which sinks.
1832 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, filósofo alemán.
1783 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician born on 31 March 1730. Author of Cours de mathématiques à l'usage des gardes de la marine, (4 volume s: 1764-1767), Cours complet de mathématiques à l'usage de la marine et de l'artillerie (6 volumes: 1770-1782), and of Théorie générale des équations algébraiques (1779), which includes Bézout's Theorem: The degree of the final equation resulting from any number of complete equations in the same number of unknowns, and of any degrees, is equal to the product of the degrees of the equations.
1674 Thomas Traherne, author. TRAHERNE ONLINE: Centuries of Meditations
1290 Some 100'000 earthquake victims in Gulf of Chili, China .
287 Saints Cosmas and Damian, twin brothers, Arabian Catholic physicians who treated the sick free. During the Diocletian persecution they are beheaded, after torture and miraculously thwarted attempts to kill them by drowning, burning, strangling, crucifixion. Their memorial is celebrated on 26 September. —(090925)
1941 Patrick Henry freighter, launched, 1st WW II liberty ship.
1921 Georges Mathieu, French painter.
1919 James Hardy “Jim” Wilkinson, English mathematician who died on 05 October 1986. He worked on numerical analysis and on computer software.
1917 Louis Auchincloss Lawrence NY, lawyer/novelist (Watchfires, Portait in Brownstone, The Embezzler).
1898 Vincent Youmans, songwriter best known for musical scores such as No, No Nanette and Flying Down to Rio.
1896 Sam Ervin (D-Sen-NC), Watergate committee chairman
1892 Mykhailo Pilipovich Kravchuk, Ukrainian mathematician. Accused of being a Polish spy, he was sentenced to 20 years in prison in 1937 and died on 09 March 1942 in the Kolyma forced labor camp in Siberia.
1879 Hans Hahn, Viennese mathematician who died on 24 July 1934. He was a pioneer in set theory and functional analysis and is best remembered for the Hahn-Banach theorem. He also made important contributions to the calculus of variations, developing ideas of Weierstrass.
1877 Julio Casares Sánchez, filólogo español.
1876 Earle Raymond Hedrick, US mathematician who died on 03 February 1943.
1875 Grazia Deledda Italy, novelist (Old Man of the Mountain Nobel 1926)
1875 Adolfo Bonilla y San Martín, escritor y filósofo español.
1872 Eduard Okün, Polish artist who died in 1945.
1862 Louis Botha, commander-in-chief of the Boer Army against the British and first president of South Africa.
1862 Francis William Lauderdale Adams, translator of Aphorisms, and On Airs, Waters, and Places, both by Hippocrates
1859 Joseph Henry Sharp, US painter, specialized in the US West, who died on 29 August 1953. MORE ON SHARP AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to many images.
1858 Giuseppe Peano Italian mathematician, founder of symbolic logic
1855 Paul Émile Appell, Alsatian French mathematician who died on 24 October 1930. In 1880 Appell defined a series of functions satisfying the condition that the derivative of the nth function is n times the (n - 1)th function. These are now called the Appell polynomials.
1847 Gabriel Joseph Marie Augustin Férier, French artist who died on 06 June 1914.
1843 Gaston Tarry, French mathematician who died on 21 June 1913. He is best known for his work on Euler's 36 Officer Problem, proving that two orthogonal Latin squares of order 6 did not exist. He also published an algorithm for exploring mazes, which is called after him.
1840 Alfred Thayer Mahan US navy admiral who wrote The Influence of Seapower on History and other books, such as (MAHAN ONLINE:) Admiral Farragut, that encouraged world leaders to build larger navies.
1840 Thomas Nast, US political cartoonist, creator of the Democratic donkey and the Republican elephant.
1785 The US Protestant Episcopal Church. is founded, following the American Revolutionary War, when US Anglicans met in Philadelphia to create a denomination independent from and autonomous of the Church of England.
1783 Agustín I de Iturbide emperor of Mexico (1822-23).
1722 Samuel Adams, US revolutionary patriot and statesman, helped to organize the Boston Tea Party. (Lt Gov-Mass, 1789-94).
1719 Abraham Gotthelf Kaestner, German mathematician who died on 20 June 1800. Author of Mathematische Anfangsgründe and Geschichte der Mathematik. He is also known in German literature, notably for his epigrams.
1718 Christian Georg Schütz I, German artist who died on 06 December 1791.
1696 Saint Alphonsus Maria de Liguori . ALPHONSUS DE LIGUORI ONLINE: (in English translation) Uniformity with God's Will
1678 Jean-Baptiste Nattier, French painter who committed suicide on 23 May 1726. more
1657 Sophia regent of Russia (1682-1689)
1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) is approved by Pope Paul III [29 Feb 1468 – 10 Nov 1549] in the Bull Regimini militantis ecclesiae. The order of priests was started by Ignatius of Loyola [1491 – 31 Jul 1556] on 15 August 1534. At Ignatius' death, about 1000 Jesuits were working throughout Europe and in Asia, Africa, and the New World. By 1626 the number of Jesuits was 15'544; and in 1749 the total was 22'589. On 08 June 1773 Pope Clement XIV [31 Oct 1705 – 22 Sep 1774], under pressure especially from France, Spain, and Portugal, signed the brief Dominus ac Redemptor abolishing the order. The society's corporate existence was maintained in Russia, where political circumstances, notably the opposition of Catherine II the Great [02 May 1729 – 17 Nov 1796], prevented the canonical execution of the suppression. The demand that the Jesuits take up their former work, especially in the field of education and in the missions, became so insistent that Pope Pius VII [14 Aug 1742 – 20 Aug 1823] reestablished the society by the Bull Solicitudo omnium ecclesiarum (07 Aug 1814). After the restoration, the order grew to be the largest order of male religious. Work in education on all levels continued to involve more Jesuits than any other activity; but the number of Jesuits working in the mission fields, especially in Asia and Africa, exceeded that of any other religious order. They were also involved in a broad and complex list of activities, including work in the field of communications, in social work, and in ecumenical groups.
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