a 25 September:
2005 In a referendum in Switzerland, a majority of votes is for including 10 mainly ex-Communist countries, such as Poland and Hungary, in an existing agreement Switzerland has with the European Union on the free movement of workers. The accords smooth trade, labor, educational and technical ties, and are seen by most Swiss as a fair compromise between EU membership and the headaches of trying to go it alone.
2005 Parliamentary elections in Poland.
2002 An investigating committee issues its report on extraordinary advances claimed by scientists at Bell Labs, including the 17 October 2001 claim of having creating molecule-sized transistors, which was highly ballyhooed in the news media and in the 2001 annual report of Lucent Technologies, the parent company of Bell Labs. The data in the research, conducted between 1998 and 2001, had been improperly manipulated, even fabricated, by Dr. J. Hendrik Schön, 32 [photo published in October 2001 >]. Bell Labs immediately fires him. The gullibility of his colleagues and of scientific journals is also blamed. The committee's full 127-page report, in PDF format, is available on the web at http://www.lucent.com/news_events/pdf/researchreview.pdf and a 3-page executive summary is at http://www.lucent.com/news_events/pdf/summary.pdf
2002 KeyCorp, the 11th-largest US bank, offers to buy Union Bankshares Ltd. (UBSC) for about $66 million in cash, options expenses and other costs, amounting to $22.63 a share of UBSC. On the NASDQ, UBSC rises from its previous close of $13.75 to an intraday high of $22.50 and closes at $22.36. Its previous high had been $19.00 on 23 August 1999 and it had traded as low as $9.05 as recently as 28 November 2001. [< 5~year price chart] Union Bankshares is a bank holding company for Union Bank and Trust, a state-chartered bank with six offices in the Denver metropolitan area. The acquisition is the first for KeyCorp (KEY) since 1995, when it bought OmniBank, another Colorado-based bank holding company. On the New York Stock Exchange, KEY edges up from its previous close of $23.93 to close at $24.76.
2002 Biologists from The Peregrine Fund release one female and three male California Condors on top of the Vermilion Cliffs, near the Grand Canyon, in Northern Arizona. This increases the population of free-flying California Condors in Arizona to 31. All four hatched at The Peregrine Fund's World Center for Birds of Prey (three hatched in 2001 and one in 2000). They are not likely to breed before they are 6 years old.
2001 Under pressure from the US in the wake of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon (11 September 2001), Saudi Arabia cuts diplomatic relations with the Taliban government of Afghanistan, accusing it of continuing "to use its land to harbor, arm and encourage those criminals in carrying out terrorist attacks which horrify those who live in peace and the innocent, and spread terror and destruction in the world." thus "defaming Islam and defaming Muslims' reputation in the world." This leaves the Taliban with its embassy in Pakistan as its only official foreign relations, though Pakistan has withdrawn its diplomats from Kabul. Most countries recognize the Afghan government-in-exile of President Burhanuddin Rabbani
2001:: 62 prisoners, including two murderers serving life sentences, escape early in the morning from Bomana prison in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. They knock down an old fence surrounding their living quarters, and use boltcutters to cut their way through an outer fence.
2000 In Yugoslavia, opposition presidential candidate Vojislav Kostunica claims victory in weekend elections over incumbent Slobodan Milosevic.
1999 Russian bombs hit Chechnya for third day (CNN)
1992 Inaugurada la vía de agua que permite viajar en barco desde Rotterdam (Holanda) hasta Constanta (Rumanía), en el mar Negro.
1991 The U.N. Security Council unanimously ordered a worldwide arms embargo against Yugoslavia and all its warring factions.
1991 A national commission faults the US government for a lack of leadership in the fight against AIDS.
1991 Newspapers report that Borland International and Ashton-Tate's shareholders have approved a high-profile merger of the two companies. Both companies are leading makers of database software.
1990 El presidente de Zambia, Kenneth David Kaunda, anuncia la reimplantación del pluripartidismo, la redacción de una nueva Constitución y la convocatoria de elecciones generales para octubre de 1991.
1990 Saddam Hussein warns US will repeat Vietnam experience
1988 El misionero Fray Junípero Serra y la seglar valenciana Josefa Girbes son beatificados en Roma por el Papa Juan Pablo II.
1986 Antonin Scolia appointed to the Supreme Court
1985 Akali Dal wins Punjab State election in India
1984 Jordania restablece relaciones diplomáticas con Egipto, rotas en 1979 cuando este país reconoció a Israel.
1983 Espectacular evasión de 38 terroristas del IRA de una cárcel de Belfast.
1972 Los noruegos rechazan el ingreso de su país en el Mercado Común mediante un referéndum popular celebrado al efecto.
1962 Ferhat Abbas es elegido presidente de la Asamblea Nacional y proclama la República Democrática y Popular de Argelia.
1959 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, Ceylon's PM, is shot by Buddhist monk Talduwe Somarama and dies the next day.
1943 The Red Army retakes Smolensk from the Germans who are retreating to the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
1942 The War Labor Board orders equal pay for women in the United States.
1940 Aviones franceses del Gobierno de Vichy bombardean Gibraltar.
1939 Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra, so Andorra and Germany finally sign an official treaty ending WW I
1938 President Franklin Roosevelt urges negotiations between Hitler and Czech President Benes over the Sudetenland.
1937 German Chancellor Adolf Hitler meets with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini in Munich.
1926 Henry Ford announces the 8 hour, 5-day work week
1926 International slavery convention signed by 20 states
1924 Malcolm Campbell sets world auto speed record at 235.2 km/h.
1919 US President Wilson becomes seriously ill and collapses after a speech
1918 Brazil declares war on Austria.
1915 An allied offensive is launched in France against the German Army.
1890 Start of the Sherlock Holmes adventure Silver Blaze
| 1890 US Congress establishes Yosemite National Park
1878 El rey Alfonso XII resulta ileso de un atentado perpretado en Madrid por un anarquista.
1861 Secretary of US Navy authorizes enlistment of slaves
1804 The 12th Amendment . to the US constitution is ratified, changing the procedure of choosing the president and vice-president, and regulating judicial power
1794 A Russian Orthodox Church mission comes to the Aleutians. This was at the request of Grigorii Ivanovich Shelekov, who founded a hunting settlement among the Kadiaks and appealed to the Russian government for orthodox churches to be established. He had promised to pay all expenses and provide transportation. 8 monks and two ministers, including an archmandrite were sent. In eight months they baptized 7000.
1688 Luis XIV lanza un manifiesto que exige la transformación de las treguas en un tratado definitivo en el plazo de dos meses, al tiempo que ordena la invasión y devastación del Palatinado, hecho que provoca la unión de Europa contra Francia.
1639 First printing press in the British colonies in America.
1598 Battle of Stangebro: in Sweden, King Sigismund is defeated by his uncle Charles.
1396 Battle of Nicopolis: the last great Christian crusade, led jointly by John the Fearless of Nevers and King Sigismund of Hungary, ends in disaster at the hands of Sultan Bajazet I's Ottoman army.
2009 Jacinto Espinoza Lezama [15 Oct 1957–] is found dead (killed on 24 Nep)in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, en la vía pública en el cruce de las calles Justo Sierra y Tlaxcala de la colonia Cuauhtémoc, en el interior de un vehículo de la marca Ford, tipo Escape, color azul. María Lourdes Valenzuela Zamora, 48, who was with him, is injured. Presentan varias heridas producidas al parecer por proyectil de arma de fuego en diferentes partes del cuerpo..On 28 September 2009, JFC officiating at the Mount Carmel cemetery, Espinoza would be buried in El Paso, Texas, where his children reside. —(090928)
2005 An aide and Mohammed al Sheikh Halil, an Islamic Jihad commander, killed by Israeli helicopter-fired missile hitting their car in Gaza City. Four others are wounded.
2005 Abdallah Najim Abdallah Muhammad al-Juwari “Abu Azzam”, the al “Qaeda in Iraq” “Emir of Baghdad”, killed in an exchange of gunfire with US troops who were attempting to arrest him, in Baghdad. — (050927)
2005 All 5 crew members, who are the only persons aboard a US Army CH-47 Chinook transport helicopter, which crashes near Daychopan district in Zabul province, Afghanistan, after dropping off troops for a raid on a suspected insurgent target. There was no fighting in the area. The crew of these CH-47 helicopters consists of two pilots, and three M60 machinegunners. — (050925)
2004 Salman Turki al-Shamani, police captain shot by insurgents near Baquba, Iraq.
2004 Seven persons, fired upon in a van carrying Iraqis who had just enlisted in the puppet National Guard, in the neighborhood al-Jamiyah of Baghdad.
2004 Sixteen civilians, in US remote attacks by warplanes, tanks and artillery at “sites used by terrorists” in Fallujah, Iraq. 37 civilians are wounded. The casualties include women and children.
2004 A US soldier, in Baghdad, Iraq, after a roadside bomb explodes by his vehicle at 06:45.
2004 A Palestinian civilian, 55, in the early hours, in the Khan Younis refugee camp, Gaza Strip, by missile from an Israeli helicopter aimed at what was thought to be four men about to launch a rocket at Jewish enclave settlement Neveh Dekalim. 5 Palestinian civilians are injured.
2003 George Ames Plimpton, US writer born on 18 March 1927.
2003 Franco Modigliani, Italian US economist born on 18 June 1918, 1985 Nobel laureate.
2003 US Army Sgt. 1st Class Robert E. Rooney, 43; at Shuabai Port, Kuwait; accidentally struck by a forklift.
2003 Akila al-Hashemi, 50 [23 Jul 2003 photo >], from injuries to her pancreas suffered when she was shot in the abdomen on 20 September by gunmen in a pickup truck who ambushed her car as she drove near her Baghdad, Iraq, home. She was one of the three women in the 25-member puppet Iraqi so-called “Governing” Council established by the US, and the only member who had previously been in the government of criminal dictator Saddam Hussein (in the Foreign Ministry, heading the oil-for-food program, and as director of international relations). The other two women on the puppet Council are Shangul Shapuk, 35, and Rajiha Kurzai.
2003 Palestinians girl Dina Issa, 3; Hamas activist Mohammed Akal, 25; Islamic Jihad activist Nur Abu Armana; and Israeli Staff Sgt. Avihu Keinan, 22, from the West Bank enclave settlement Shilo, who was among troops in armored vehicles, backed by helicopters, raiding El Bureij, southern Gaza Strip, in the early hours, to arrest Palestinian militants. 8 Palestinians and 7 Israeli soldiers are wounded.
2003 Diab Shwiki, and Abed El-Rahim Kik Talhami, Islamic Jihad militants shot by Israeli troops attacking them in the building in which they were in Hebron, West Bank. Israel has tried to assassinate Diab Shwiki at least twice previously. His brother Omar Shwiki is seriously wounded.
2002 Seven persons shot in the head after being tied up in chairs, by two gunmen, in the Karachi, Pakistan, offices of the Idare-e Amn-O-Insaf (Peace and Justice) Institute, a Christian charity. An eighth person is critically wounded.
2002 The last to die in an attack on the Akshardham Hindu temple in Gandhinagar, India, which ends at 07:10 and started at 16:55 on 24 September where it is reported fully.
2002 12 passengers, including two children, burned in 01:00 fire of an Andhra Pradesh Road Transport Corporation luxury bus in Mahabubnagar district near Itikyala village, about 35 km from Kurnool, India, on national highway 7. The bus proceeding from Hyderabad to Rayachoti in the faction-ridden Cuddapah district, with 35 passengers, was engulfed in fire when a passenger in the last row of the bus poured gasoline and lit it. Most of the passengers were fast asleep. 8 passengers died on the spot, 4 others died at Kurnool government hospital. 19 survivors are injured, a few with burns on up to 90% of their bodies.
2001 Naïma, 23 ans, et Nacéra, 10 ans, deux soeurs, en Algérie dans leur tente dans un centre de regroupement de nomades, situé à quelques kilomètres de la daïra de Mechraâ-Sfa, tout près de la ferme-pilote Hattabi-Mokhtar, juste avant minuit par quatre individus armés de kalachnikovs. Avant de battre en retraite, pour se retrancher dans les denses maquis environnants de Mechraâ-Sfa, les assaillants se sont emparés de 260 millions de centimes et d'un fusil de chasse.
2001 Rabah Belhafaf, 50 ans environ, par des coups de feu de terroristes qui l'atteignent à la tête et à la poitrine vers 20h, au douar de Lansa dans la commune de Keddara, à 30 km au sud-ouest de Boumerdès, Algérie. Belhafaf était un Patriote, qui avait pris les armes en 1994 contre les hordes islamistes.
2000 Heberto Padilla, poeta cubano.
1993 Bruno Pontecorvo, físico italiano.
1992 César Manrique, arquitecto y artista español.
1991 Klaus Barbie, 77, in prison in Lyon, Nazi war criminal the butcher of Lyon.
1988 Billy Carter, 51, US President Carter's embarassing brother, of cancer.
1986 Frances McCord, born on 14 June 1876.
1986 Lizzie Hart, born on 06 March 1876.
1983 Leopoldo III, rey de Bélgica.
1982: 13 people including 5 children of Penn prison guard George Banks, all killed by him.
1978: 144 personas al chocar en el aire dos aviones de pasajeros en San Diego (California). 144 persons are killed when a Pacific Southwest Airlines Boeing 727 and a private plane collided over San Diego.
1974 William Sloane publisher/writer ("The Edge of Running Water")
1969 During the Vietnam War: Two terrorist attacks occur near Da Nang in which 19 South Vietnamese die. Viet Cong commandos threw a grenade into a meeting place, killing four civilians and one policeman and wounding 26 others. At nearly the same time, a bus struck a mine 150 km southeast of Da Nang killing 14 civilians..
1960 Emily Post, 86, etiquette expert.
1911 Daniel Aldana, militar y político colombiano.
1908 Henry A. Redpath, 60, English Old Testament textual scholar From 1892-1906, Redpath and Edwin Hatch compiled "A Concordance to the Septuagint and Other Greek Versions of the Old Testament" still in print today!
1828 Barnabé Brisson, French civil engineer and mathematician born on 11 October 1777.
1777 Johann Heinrich Lambert, Prussian mathematician born in Alsace on 26 August 1728. He was the first to provide a rigorous proof that p (pi) is irrational.
1727 Sarah Kemble Knight, US widowed teacher (of Ben Franklin and Samuel Mather, among others, it is claimed but not proven) and businesswoman (in later life she ran an inn near New London, Connecticut) born on 19 April 1666. Her The Journal of Madam Knight or Private Journal of a Journey from Boston to New York in the Year 1704 (published posthumously in 1825), a vivid and often humorous diary of her unchaperoned journey on horseback from Boston to New York in 1704, is one of the most authentic texts on 18th-century life in the British colonies in America.
1690 Peter van Lint, Flemish painter born on 28 June 1609.
1679 Philips-Ausgustyn Immenraet, Flemish painter born on 21 February 1627. — links to images.
1617 Francisco Suárez, teólogo español.
1561 Alonso Berruguete, Spanish Mannerist painter and sculptor born in 1488. MORE ON BERRUGUETE AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1534 Clement VII, unpopular Pope, he could not get bankers to lend to him, was unable to stem the Lutheran advance or to implement reforms in his own church. His indecisiveness led Henry VIII of England to break from Rome over the dissolution of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
1506 Felipe I El Hermoso, Rey de Castilla.
1944 Eugenia Zukerman Cambridge MA, flutist/novelist (Deceptive Cadence)
1936 Moussa Traoré, político maliense.
1932 Adolfo Suárez González, político español, ex presidente del Gobierno español.
1922 Roger Marie Élie Etchegaray, in Espelette (Bayonne diocese) in the French Basqueland. On 13 July 1947 he would be ordained a priest of the diocese of Bayonne. On 27 May 1969 he was ordained a bishop to be auxiliary of the archdiocese of Paris. On 22 December 1970 he was appointed archbishop of Marseille. He was made a cardinal on 30 June 1979. On 13 April 1985 he resigned as archbishop of Marseille, to devote himself completely to important posts at the Vatican, from which he retired on 24 June 1998. In 2009, in the procession at the 22:00 (21:00 UT) start of the Christmas “Midnight” Mass in Saint Peter's basilica in Rome, he fell and suffered a neck of the femur fracture in the commotion resulting when Pope Benedict XVI [16 Apr 1927–] was pulled down together with psychotic Susanna Maiolo, 25, tackled by a security guard after she had jumped a security barrier and grabbed hold of the pope's vestments (she had unsuccesfully tried the same at the 2008 Christmas Midnight Mass). —(091225)
1906 Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich, St Petersburg Russia, composer (9th-1945) Symphony No.5, No. 7, No. 11, No. 13, Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk aka Katerina Ismailova). He died on 09 August 1975. —(060925)
1903 Marcus Rothkowits Mark Rothko, US abstract expressionist painter, born in Russia, who died on 25 February 1970. — MORE ON “ROTHKO” AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images. —(060925)
1893 Carl Harald Cramér, Stockholm mathematician specialized in statistics, born on 25 September 1893 who died on 05 October 1985. Author of Mathematical Methods of Statistics (1945), Collected Works (1994).
1888 Stefan Mazurkiewicz, Polish mathematician who died on 19 June 1945.
1877 Plutarco Elías Calles Mexican revolutionary, president (1924-28)
1879 George William Sotter, US artist who died in 1953.
1875 Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Zaragoza, pintor español que murió en 1960..
1866 Thomas Hunt Morgan US, biologist (Nobel-1933)
1865 Henri Lebasque, French painter who died in August 1937. — links to images.
1820 Frederick Richard Pickersgill, British painter who died on 20 December 1900 — links to images.
1819 George Salmon, Irish mathematician who died on 22 January 1904. He made many discoveries about ruled surfaces and other surfaces.
1807 Marinus Adrianus Koekkoek, Dutch artist who died in 1870.
1797 Cornelis Kruseman, Dutch artist who died on 14 November 1857. — more with link to an image.
1791 Karoly Marko, Hungarian painter, teacher and illustrator, active in Italy, who died on 19 November 1860. — more with links to two images.
1766 Armand-Emmanuel duc de Richelieu, French PM (1815-1818, 1820-1821)
1690 Publick Occurrences, 1st US (Boston) newspaper, publishes its 1st and last edition.