a 23 September:
2002 On news that British Energy will get from the British government a 2-month extension of the 410-million-pound emergency loan that was to expire on 28 September, the American Depositary Receipts of British Energy (BGY), on the New York Stock Exchange, surge from their previous close of $0.75 to an intraday high of $1.24 and close at $1.20. They had traded as low as $0.32 on 18 September 2002 following their 09 September 2002 plunge from the 08 September close of $4.87 to an intraday low of $1.67, which was reported here. [3~week price chart >]
2002 Houston-based El Paso Corporation, through its pipeline subsidiary, held back at least 10% of the capacity on its pipeline connecting Southwest gas fields to California from November 2000 to March 2001, during a period of high demand and large price increases for natural gas, says Judge Curtis L. Wagner, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's chief administrative law judge. He recommended that FERC impose penalties on El Paso for its actions.
California, which complained to FERC about El Paso in March 2000, wants FERC to order the company to refund at least $200 million, roughly equivalent to El Paso's profits from the transactions. The ruling is the latest finding that energy companies attempted to manipulate power supplies and prices in California.
Many California power plants use natural gas, and gas prices in California during the winter of 2000-2001 were on average three times higher than elsewhere in the US. Southern California Edison, a large investor-owned utility, has said that El Paso's dominance of the Southern California market added $3.7 billion to energy costs, and that high natural gas prices added $1 billion to the cost of energy produced at its gas-fired power plants.
Two subsidiaries of El Paso had a contract to ship up to 1.2 billion cubic feet of gas a day nearly 20% of the state's supply to Southern California. Gas prices in the region plummeted after the El Paso contract expired at the end of May 2001. Wagner initially decided there was not sufficient evidence to show that El Paso withheld pipeline capacity. But FERC asked him to take a second look based on recommendations from the commission's staff investigators. He earlier ruled that the subsidiaries violated federal rules governing the award of gas contracts.
On the New York Stock Exchange, El Paso Corporation's stock (EP) drops from its previous close of $11.67 and today's intraday high of $12.76 early in the session, to an intraday low of $6.75 and closes at $7.51. It traded as high as $46.89 as recently as 21 March 2002, and as $74.50 on 19 February 2001. [5~year price chart >]
2001 Parliamentary elections in Poland. Solidarnosc is completely defeated, failing to retain even one seat. The recycled Communists of the Democratic Left Alliance, together with their coalition partner, the Polish Peasants Party, win 258 of the 460 seats.in the Sejm (lower house), which, on 26 October 2001 votes its approval of the new government of Prime Minister Leszek Miller.
1997 Government officials in Argentina announce that phone rates will be cut in half to encourage use of the Internet.
1993 Personal Communication Services auction ^top^
The Federal Communications Commission announces a plan to auction off some $10 billion in licenses for "personal communication services," or PCS, networks. The auction paved the way for an explosion of mobile communications devices combining voice communication, paging, and computing power. Most of the radio spectrum set aside for cellular phone businesses was already allotted by 1993, and the PCS auction promised to open up new territory for communications.
1991 Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union
1990 Saddam says he will destroy Israel.
1978 100'000 cheering Egyptians welcome Sadat home from Camp David summit.
^ 1969 Vietnam: Antiwar activists on trial in Chicago
The trial for the Chicago Eight charged with the responsibility for the violent demonstrations at the August 1968 Democratic National Convention opens in Chicago. The defendants included David Dellinger of the National Mobilization Committee (NMC); Rennie Davis and Thomas Hayden of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS); Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, founders of the Youth International Party (“Yippies”); Bobby Seale of the Black Panthers; and two lesser known activists, Lee Weiner and John Froines.
The group was charged with conspiracy to cross state lines with intent to incite a riot. All but Seale were represented by attorneys William Kunstler and Leonard Weinglass. The trial, presided over by Judge Julius Hoffman, turned into a circus as the defendants and their attorneys used the court as a platform to attack Nixon, the war, racisim, and oppression. Their tactics were so disruptive that at one point, Judge Hoffman ordered Seale gagged and strapped to his chair.
When the trial ended in February 1970, Hoffman found the defendants and their attorneys guilty of 175 counts of contempt of court and sentenced them to terms between two to four years. Although declaring the defendants not guilty of conspiracy, the jury found all but Froines and Weiner guilty of intent to riot. The others were each sentenced to five years and fined $5000. However, none served time because in 1972, a Court of Appeal overturned the criminal convictions and eventually most of the contempt charges were dropped as well.
1967 Soviets sign a pact to send more aid to Hanoi.
1964 The Paris Opera House unveiled a stunning new ceiling painted as a gift by Russian-born artist Marc Chagall, who spent much of his life in France. His Russian soul and Jewish heritage stirred a love for folklore and biblical themes. Much like Spanish painter Pablo Picasso, Chagall continued to work vigorously until his death at the age of ninety-seven.. MORE ON CHAGALL AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1954 East German police arrest 400 citizens as US spies.
1952 Vice~Presidential candidate Senator Richard M. Nixon responds to a sensational headline which had appeared in The New York Post stating, "Secret Rich Men's Trust Fund Keeps Nixon in Style Far Beyond His Salary." by making his 'Checkers Speech.' on TV and radio, famous for this passage: ...One other thing I probably should tell you, because if I don't they will probably be saying this about me, too. We did get something, a gift, after the election. A man down in Texas heard Pat on the radio mention the fact that our two youngsters would like to have a dog, and, believe it or not, the day before we left on this campaign trip we got a message from Union Station in Baltimore, saying they had a package for us. We went down to get it. You know what it was? It was a little cocker spaniel dog, in a crate that he had sent all the way from Texas, black and white, spotted, and our little girl Tricia, the six year old, named it Checkers. And you know, the kids, like all kids, loved the dog, and I just want to say this, right now, that regardless of what they say about it, we are going to keep it....
1883 Robert B. Taney begins his term as the US's twelfth secretary of the Treasury.
1864 Confederate and Union forces clash at Mount Jackson, Front Royal and Woodstock in Virginia during the Valley campaign.
1864 Skirmish at Athens, Alabama
1863 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
| 1862 Lincoln's preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
is published in Northern Newspapers
1788 Louis XVI of France declares the Parliament restored.
1780 British Major John André is apprehended as a Spy, near Tarrytown, NY
1667 Shikotsu volcano erupts, in Japan.
1667 In Williamsburg, Virginia, a law is passed, barring slaves from obtaining their freedom by converting to Christianity.
1595 Led by Fray Juan de Silva, the Spanish begin an intensive missionary campaign in the North-American southeast. In the following two years, 1500 Amerindians in the area of Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina convert to the Catholic faith.
1577 William of Orange makes his triumphant entry into Brussels, Belgium.
1561 Philip II of Spain gives orders to halt colonizing efforts in Florida.
1553 The Sadians defeat the last of their enemies and establish themselves as rulers of Morocco.
1122 Concordat of Worms between Pope Callistus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V. It settles the Investiture Controversy over who had the right bishop or emperor to choose replacement clergy for vacant positions. Henry V renounces investiture of ring and crozier; promises freedom of election of clergy; promises to restore church property.
2006 At least 37 Shi'ites, by a Sunni terrorist bomb which ignites a kerosene truck next to a queue, mostly of women, waiting to buy cooking fuel in Sadr City, Baghdad, Iraq. Some 40 are injured. —(060923)
2005 David Romero, 47, after being struck on the motorcycle he was riding as a California highway policeman, by a drunken driver at a red light in City of Industry. —(060807)
2005 A woman, 82, from dehydration, near Cleveland, Texas, 70 km NE of Houston. She is in a car in the disorganized congested traffic fleeing from hurricane Rita, in temperatures that reach 36ºC, while car air conditioners are switched off to conserve gasoline, adequate supplies of which have failed to be provided along the evacuation route.
2005 Twenty-four persons, as their bus catches fire from an overheated brake, near Wilmer, 25 km south of downtown Dallas, Texas, on Interstate Highway 45, jammed with traffic fleeing the approaching hurricane Rita, at 07:00 (12:00 UT). The dead are among some 38 persons, aged 78 to 101, whom the bus was exacuating to Dallas from the Brighton Gardens assisted living center in the Houston suburb Bellaire, together with 6 staff members, and the driver of the bus. Some of the old persons have oxigen canisters, which explode, aggravating the fire. — (050924)
2005 As'ad Rian and at least 19 Palestinians, after a pickup truck carrying masked Islamic militants and homemade rockets explodes at a Hamas rally in the Jebalya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. Some 80 persons are wounded. As'ad Rian was the brother of Nizar Rian, a senior member of the Hamas political wing. — (050923)
2004 Nigel Nicolson, English author and publisher, Conservative member of Parliament (1952-1959), born on 19 January 1917, son of Harold Nicolson [21 Nov 1886 – 01 May 1968] and Vita Sackville-West [09 Mar 1892 – 02 Jun 1962], about whom he wrote Portrait of a Marriage (1973), based on his mother's unpublished journal. He also published his own journal Long Life (1998).
2004 A Palestinian girl, 10, of bullet wounds suffered on 07 September while she was sitting in her classroom, as Israeli troops outside fired carelessly in a fight with Palestinian militants..
2004 Israeli 22-year-old Capt. Tal Bardugo, 22; 1st Sgt. Yisrael Lutati, 20; and 1st Sgt. Nir Sami, 21; and the three Palestinian gunmen who, in the dawn fog, penetrate and attack the military outpost guarding the enclave settlement Morag in the Gaza Strip. The 3 Israelis and 2 of the Palestinians die in a 06:00-06:45 gunfight, in which another Israeli soldier is critically wounded. The third gunman escapes and is killed later after firing at 09:00 at journalists, wounding in the thigh Itzik Saban, reporter from the Yediot Ahronot daily.The gunmen were one each from Islamic Jihad, the Popular Resistance Committee, and the Ahmed Abu El-Rish Brigades.
2003 Ali Khalaf Mohammed, 45; Salem Khalil Ismael; and Sadi Fakhri Faiyadh; of a peaceful family of 15, who were sleeping in their home and on the roof, in al-Sajr village, 15 km north of Fallujah, Iraq, when the house was shot at for 15 minutes by US troops and then hit by a dozen bombs or missiles from US warplanes at 02:10. Three persons are injured: Abed Rashid, 50; and two sons of Mohammed: Hussein, 11, and Tahseen, 9. The US troops claim that they were fired upon (without suffering any injuries) by attackers who then ran into the house, that they killed one of the attackers, and that they know of no other deaths. Reporters who later go to the scene find no spent shell casings or other evidence that weapons were fired from the home.
2002:: 21 of the 1500 students at Middle School #2 in Fengzhen, Inner Mongolia, China. In the three-story school, which opened in 2001, students, the school day ended, were going down a stairwell where the lights were not working. Suddenly the guardrail on the first floor stairs collapsed, then the stairs tilted. Some of the students fell down, but students behind could not see what happened and continued to press forward, falling on top of, crushing, and smothering students ahead of them, while some fell 3 to 4 meters to the ground floor. 47 students are injured.
2002 Cardinal John Baptist Wu Cheng-chung, in Hongkong. He was born on 26.March 1925 in Shui-tsai (Kaying diocese). He was ordained a priest on 06 July 1952. He was named Bishop of Hongkong on 05 April 1975 and consecrated bishop on 25 July 1975. Pope John Paul II named him a cardinal on 28 June 1988.
1968 Francesco Forgione “Padre Pio” “Saint Pio of Pietrelcina” [25 May 1887–]. — Portrait (3076x2266pix, 2458kb)—(090922)
1945 The first US citizen dies in Vietnam conflict, during the fall of Saigon to French forces.
1919 Ernst Heinrich Bruns, German mathematician and astronomer born on 04 September 1848.
1897 Stephen Kempton, 9, the first automobile fatality in Great Britain. He had been trying to steal a ride from a taxi by hanging on to a spring, but lost his grip and was trapped underneath the wheel of the vehicle. The tragedy occurred on Stockmar Road near Hackney, a full two years before America's first traffic fatality.
1877 Urbain J.J. Le Verrier, mathematician, astronomer, codiscoverer of Neptune
1873 George Willem Opdenhoff, Dutch artist born on 07 July 1807.
1865 John Frederick Herring, British painter specialized in animals, born in 1795. MORE ON HERRING AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1852 John Vanderlyn, US Neoclassical painter, specialized in History Painting, born on 15 October 1775. MORE ON VANDERLYN AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1831 Jean Charles Nicaise Perrin, French artist born in 1754.
1828 Richard Parkes Bonington, of tuberculosis, in London, English Romantic painter specialized in coastal landscapes, born on 25 October 1801. MORE ON BONINGTON AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1804 Thomas James, author. THOMAS JAMES ONLINE: Three Years Among the Indians and Mexicans
1766 John Brown, editor of The Psalms of David in Metre
1763 Hendrik F. van Lint, Flemish artist born on 26 January 1684.
1676 Claes Jansz van der Willigen, Dutch artist born in 1630.
1657 Joachim Jungius, in Hamburg, German mathematician, natural scientist, and philosopher of science, born on 22 October 1587. Author of Logica Hamburgensis (1638).
1571 John Jewel, English church reformer.
0704 Saint Adamnan, author. ADAMNAN ONLINE: Life of St. Columba (Latin original and English translation)
2004 Tamara Touirat, girl, whose father is Malik Bouanati, and whose mother, Ouarda Touirat, 32, became infertile after she underwent chemotherapy due to Hodgkin's lymphoma in 1997, but after part of her ovaries had been excised and preserved in liquid nitrogen; they were reimplanted in 2002. The remaining part of her ovaries did start functioning again in 2000, but the ovum that produced Tamara is believed to come from the reimplanted part. [24 Sep 2004 photo >]
2003 The Athlon 64 microprocessor chip is introduced by Advanced Micro Devices.
1915 Clifford G. Shull, physicist, improved techniques for exploring the atomic structure of matter.
1913 Carl Henning Pedersen, Danish painter, draftsman, sculptor, and designer, who died in 1993. — more
1901 Jaroslav Seifert [Literature Nobel 1984]
1900 David van Dantzig, Dutch mathematician who died on 22 July 1959. He studied differential geometry, electromagnetism and thermodynamics. His most important work was in topological algebra; he studied metrisation of groups, rings and fields. After the WW II, he worked on probability and statistics.
1897 Paul Delvaux, Belgian surrealist painter who died on 20 July 1994. MORE ON DELVAUX AT ART 4 JULY with links to images.
1895 La CGT. A Limoges, s'ouvre le congrès constitutif et il va se clore le 28. Il fonde la Confédération Générale du Travail. Sont presents 75 délégués (dont trois corsetières en grève), qui représentent 28 fédérations, 18 bourses du travail et 126 syndicats non fédérés et ce n'est qu'un début ...
1889 Walter Lippmann NYC, journalist/political writer (Men of Destiny), one of the founders of The New Republic Magazine in 1914. He wrote A Preface to Politics (1913, mildly socialistic), Drift and Mastery (1914, anti-Marxist), The Good Society (1937, repudiates socialism), Essays in the Public Philosophy (1955, natural-law), Public Opinion (1922), The Phantom Public (1925) He died on 14 December 1974.
1888 Gerhard Kittel, German Lutheran Bible scholar. He was first editor of a 10-volume Greek lexicon which took 43 years to complete (1933-76). In its English edition (1964-76), the work is entitled, "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament" or "TDNT" for short.
1879 Charles Camoin, French Fauvist painter who died on 20 May 1965. MORE ON CAMOIN AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1871 Anna Bruder, who died on 22 February 1982.
1869 Edgar Lee Masters poet/novelist (Spoon River Anthology)
1866 William Robinson Leigh, US painter who died on 11 March 1955. MORE ON LEIGH AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1865 Marie-Clémentine “Suzanne” Valadon, French artist’s model and painter who died on 07 April 1938. MORE ON VALADON AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1865 Pekka Halonen, Finnish artist who died in 1933.
1863 Louis Auguste Mathieu Legrand, French painter, printmaker, and draftsman, who died on 12 June 1951. — more with links to images.
1865 baroness Emmusca/Emma Magdalena Rosalia Marie Josepha Barbara Orczy, Mrs Barstow. author ORCZY ONLINE: El Dorado: An Adventure of the Scarlet Pimpernel, The Elusive Pimpernel, The Scarlet Pimpernel, The Scarlet Pimpernel
1863 Mary Church Terrell, educator and civil rights advocate.
1856 William Archer, translator of A Doll's House .
1848 Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen, author. BOYESEN ONLINE: Boyhood in Norway, Boyhood in Norway, Tales from Two Hemispheres, Tales from Two Hemispheres
1838 Victoria Chaflin Woodhull Ohio, feminist/reformer/free love/1st female presidential candidate (1872) in the United States
1826 Joseph Addison Turner, author. TURNER ONLINE: The Cotton Planter's Manual
1808 Hermann Winterhalter, German artist who died on 27 February 1891. link to an image.
1768 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician and astronomer who died on 28 April 1843. He worked on geometry and in 1799 discovered the so-called Simson Line of a triangle [diagram >], which is the straight line (DEF in the diagram) on which are the feet of the perpendiculars to the three sides of a triangle from any point P on the circle circumscribed to the triangle [see a proof]. Wallace invented the pantograph. He is the author of A New Book of Interest containing Aliquot Tables and Geometrical Theorems and Analytical Formulae.
1734 Matthew Pratt, US artist who died on 09 January 1805. MORE ON PRATT AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1713 Ferdinand VI, who became king of Spain at the death of his father Philip V [19 Dec 1683 – 09 July 1746] and died on 10 August 1759. Childless, he was succeeded by his half brother, hitherto king of Naples, Charles III [20 Jan 1716 – 14 Dec 1788].
1629 David Klöcker “Ehrenstrahl”, German Baroque painter, active in Sweden, who died on 23 October 1698. MORE ON EHRENSTRAHL AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
63 -BC Gaius Octavius, future Caesar Augustus, 1st Roman emperor (from 27 BC, after years of civil war and strive following the assassination of Julius Caesar). He instituted Pax Romana. He died on 19 August 14 AD.
484 -BC- Euripides Greek playwright, who died in 406 BC. — EURIPIDES ONLINE: (in Greek): Alkestis — Andromache — Bakchai — Kyklops — Elektra — Hekabe — Helene — Herakleidai — Herakles — Hippolytos — Ion — Iphigeneia en Aulidi — Iphigeneia en Taurois — Medeia — Orestes — Phoinissai — Rhesos — Hiketides — Troades //— (in English translations): Alcestis — Andromache — Bacchants — Cyclops — Electra — Hecuba — Helen — Children of Heracles — Heracles — Hippolytus — Ion — Iphigenia in Aulis — Iphigenia in Tauris — Medea — Orestes — Phoenician Women — Rhesus — The Suppliants — The Trojan Women