an 18 September:
2005 Parliamentary elections in Germany.
2005 Parliamentary elections in Afghanistan.
2002 Photo: Palestinian boys run after they throw stones at an Israeli tank during clashes at the entrance to the Al Amari refugee camp in Ramallah, West Bank >
2001 An anthrax-containing letter is mailed from Trenton NJ to NBC anchorman Tom Brokaw and, to The New York Post, another one which will give a skin form of anthrax to the editorial page assistant who opens it on 22 September 2001.
2000 The first working day of a transit strike that began over the weekend forced nearly a half-million Southern California commuters to get rides or drive.
2000 Workers began rebuilding a railway line between the capitals of North and South Korea.
1996 The O.J. Simpson civil trial opens in Santa Monica, California.
1996 The US Food and Drug Administration declared the French abortion pill RU-486 safe and effective, but withheld final approval until later.
1994 La oposición socialdemócrata de Ingvar Gosta Carlsson vence en las elecciones legislativas y municipales celebradas en Suecia.
1991 Regresa a Tierra el transbordador espacial Discovery, con cinco tripulantes a bordo, tras investigar el deterioro de la capa de ozono.
1989 Deng Xiaoping, máximo dirigente chino, nombra como su sucesor a Jiang Zemin, secretario general del partido.
1988 En Myanmar (Birmania) los militares encabezados por el general Saow Maung tomas el poder después de meses de alborotos populares que ya en julio provacaron lo renuncia del presidente Bo Ne Win, cuya política había llevado el país a la ruina económica en los años desde 1962.
1988 El Partido Socialdemócrata gana las elecciones suecas. Los "verdes" consiguen entrar en el Parlamento.
1987 El presidente Ronald Reagan anuncia en Washington que la URSS y los EE.UU. han llegado a un acuerdo para firmar el primer tratado que iniciará un proceso mutuo de desarme nuclear.
1983 George Meegen completes 2426 day (30'000 km) walk across Western Hemisphere.
1980 El presidente del Gobierno Adolfo Suárez González obtiene la confianza del Congreso español.
1960 Two thousand cheer Castro's arrival in New York for the United Nations session.
1948 Margaret Chase Smith becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator's term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress.
1948 Se reúne en Washington, por primera vez, la Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte (OTAN).
1947 In the US, the National Security Act, which unified the Army, Navy and newly formed Air Force into a National Military Establishment, went into effect..
| 1945 1000 Whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools
to protest integration
1934 The League of Nations admits the Soviet Union.
1933 Ghazi I, sucesor de Faisal I, es coronado rey del Irak.
1931 El Ejército japonés ocupa Manchuria sin oposición real por parte de Chiang Kai Shek.
1929 Charles Lindbergh takes off on a 16'000 km air tour of South America.
1928 Un autogiro pilotado por su inventor, Juan de La Cierva y Codorniu, atraviesa por primera vez el Canal de la Mancha.
1914 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I
1914 The Irish Home Rule Bill becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.
1874 The Nebraska Relief and Aid Society is formed to help farmers whose crops were destroyed by grasshoppers swarming throughout the American West.
| 1868 Se produce en España la sublevación de la
escuadra del Almirante Topete, pronunciamiento militar que fue el detonante
de la revolución conocida por la Gloriosa.
1863 Skirmish at Bristol in east Tennessee
1863 Union cavalry troops clash with Confederates who force their way across Chickamauga Creek.
1862 After waiting all day for a Union attack which never came at Antietam, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins a retreat out of Maryland and back to Virginia.
1861 Siege of Lexington, Missouri continues.
1810 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day) Se constituye la Primera Junta Nacional de Gobierno en Chile.
1789 The US government takes out its first loan. Under the supervision of newly appointed Treasury Secretary, Alexander Hamilton, the government took a little under a year to pay back the loan of $191'608.81.
1759 During the French and Indian War, Québec surrenders to the British after the Battle of the Plains of Abraham (13 September 1759) which killed both James Wolfe [02 Jan 1727 – 13 Sep 1759] and Louis de Montcalm [28 Feb 1712 – 14 Sep 1759], the British and French commanders. (050918)
1758 James Abercromby is replaced as supreme commander of British forces after his defeat by French commander the Marquis of Montcalm at Fort Ticonderoga during the French and Indian War.
1739 Treaty of Belgrade-Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
1502 Cristóbal Colón, en su cuarto viaje, llega a lo que es hoy Puerto Limón (Costa Rica).
1437 Se pone fin al Concilio de Basilea, noveno concilio ecuménico universal.
2004 At least 20 persons, including a suicide car bomber near people waiting to apply for jobs in the puppet Iraqi National Guard in Kirkuk. 16 are wounded.
2003 Robert G. Bartle, 75, US mathematician. Author of The Elements of Real Analysis (1964), Introduction to Real Analysis (1982)
2003 Jihad Abu Swerah, 34, shot by Israeli troops attacking the Nusseirat refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. He was a senior militant in the armed force of Hamas.
2002 Ashraf Alawned, 28, shot in the chest as a collaborator with Israel after being beaten, by Palestinians, near Akabe, West Bank.
2002 Ronald Shamburger, a White, by lethal injection for the 1994 murder of Lori Ann Baker in College Station, when he was a pre-med student at Texas A&M and shot her while burglarizing her home, to which he then set fire to the building to destroy evidence. He later walked into the police department and surrendered to law enforcement officials. A born-again Christian, he also confessed to his minister that evening and has shown repentance ever since.
1982 Christian militia begin massacre of 600 Palestinians in Lebanon
1977 Bernays, mathematician
1974 Some 5000 in hurricane Fifi in Honduras (175 km/h winds)
1972 Fritz Glarner, Swiss US painter born on 20 July 1899. — more with links to images.
1968 León Felipe Camino, poeta español.
1929 Hippolyte Petitjean, French painter born on 11 September 1854. — a bit more with link to an image.
1926 Some 250 persons in Miami hurricane
1914 Albert Kappis, German artist born on 20 August 1836.
1891 Ferrel, mathematician
1886 Eduard Jakob Steinle, Austrian artist born on 02 July 1810.
1872 Ana María Martínez de Nisser, heroína y escritora colombiana.
1860:: General Pimodan, 87 other Papal and 61 Piedmontese soldiers, at Battle of Castelfidardo when the Papal army commanded by General Lamoricière [05 Feb 1806 – 11 Sep 1865] attacks and is defeated by General Cialdini and the Piedmontese of the army of the kingdom of Savoia, who are thus enabled to join Garibaldi's expedition of the 1000. [1912 monument by Vito Pardo: Cialdini leads a counterattack >]
L’i 01 Sep 1860, dopo un ultimatum di Cavour [10 Aug 1810 – 06 Jun 1861] al cardinale Antonelli [02 Apr 1806 – 06 Nov 1876], il IV Corpo di Armata piemontese, con alla testa il generale Cialdini, invade lo Stato Pontificio al Tavullo e prosegue per il litorale. Di seguito l’esercito pontificio, agli ordini del gen. Lamoricière, muove da Terni verso Loreto, con l’intenzione di appoggiarsi alla fortezza di Ancona. I due eserciti si scontrano a Castelfldardo il mattino del 18. Senza che il Cialdini lo prevedesse, il generale francese Pimodan attacca gli avamposti piemontesi verso la confluenza dell’Aspio con il Musone, riuscendo a ricacciare i bersaglieri del 260 reggimento sul Monte Oro e conquistando nella sua avanzata la prima e la seconda cascina. Poco dopo. irrompe al contrattacco il 10° reggimento fanteria della Brigata Regina. Di rincalzo prendono ancora parte, su ordine del generale Cialdini giunto al galoppo sul luogo della battaglia, il 90 reggimento e una mezza batteria di artiglieria. Dopo aspra lotta, Pimodan è ferito mortalmente, l’esercito pontificio è in ritirata e Lamoricière, con pochi superstiti, ripara nella piazza di Ancona. A Recanati, il giorno dopo, le milizie pontificie depongono le armi con gli onori di guerra, alla presenza della 7° divisione piemontese.
1807 Francissek Smuglevitch, Polish artist born on 06 October 1745.
1783 Leonhard Euler, mathematician
1645 Francisco de Quevedo y Villegas, escritor español.
1426 Hubert Van Eyck, Flemish painter MORE ON HUBERT VAN EYCK AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1939 Jorge Fernando Branco de Sampaio, nasceu em Lisboa, tendo sido eleito para o exercício do cargo de Presidente da República Portuguesa a 14 Janeiro de 2001. Presta juramento e toma posse como Presidente da República a 09 Março de 2001 para um mandato de 5 anos.
1927 The Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) makes its debut with a network of 16 radio stations.
1924 A complete Bible translation of the Old and New Testaments was published by American Bible scholar and historian James Moffatt, 54. Moffatt's intention was to make available to the lay reader, in simple language, a current scholarly understanding of the biblical text.
1916 Mercedes Salisachs Roviralta, novelista española.
1895 John G Diefenbaker Neustadt Ontario, 13th Canadian PM (C) (1957-1963)
1895 Tomoji Tanabe, of Japan. He would be the world's oldest living man after the death of the Portorican Emiliano Mercado Del Toro [21 Aug 1891 – 24 Jan 2007]. Tanabe, a former city land surveyor, celebrated his 112th birthday in his native city, Miyakonojo (Miyazaki Prefecture), where he was living with his son and daughter-in-law, and was in good health. He drank a lot of milk, kept a diary, avoided alcohol, and did not smoke. The number of Japanese centenarians, 7000 in 1997, was getting close to 28'000, and is expected to reach nearly 1 million by 2050. The world's oldest living person is almost always a woman (Mercado was briefly an exception, from 11 December 2006); on Tanabe's 112th birthday she was Edna Parker [20 Apr 1893~] of Shelbyville, Indiana, and 20 other women were older than Tanabe. —(070919)
1858 Pedro Nel Ospina, militar y político colombiano.
1854 Fausto Zonaro, Italian artist who died on 19 July 1929.
1851 The New York Times starts publishing, at 2 cents a copy.
1839 John Aitken, physician and meterologist.
1838 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter specialized in landscapes. He died on 05 February 1888. — more with links to images.
1838 Friedrich Otto Gebler, German artist who died in February 1917.
1779 Joseph Story Mass, US Supreme Court justice from 1812 until his 10 September 1845 death.
1764 Mauro Gandolfi, Bolognese painter and printmaker who died on 04 January 1834. — more
1752 Adrien-Marie Legendre, mathematician, worked on elliptic integrals
1750 Tomás de Iriarte y Nieves Ravelo, fabulista español.
1739 Jean-Jacques Lagrenée “le jeune”, Parisian painter, designer, and engraver, who died on 13 February 1821. — a bit more with links to images.
1709 Dr Samuel Johnson, English lexicographer, essayist, poet and moralist. (created the first true dictionary of the English language in 1755; novel Rasselas: Prince of Abyssinia, Boswell's tour guide) author of The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia, The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia (PDF), A Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland, The Life of Pope, The Life of Savage, The Vanity of Human Wishes (1755), The Vanity of Human Wishes (1749), translator of Lobo's A Voyage to Abyssinia. Portrait of Samuel Johnson by Joshua Reynolds.
0052 Marcus Ulpius Trajan, Emperor of Rome from AD 98-117. He was the third Roman emperor to rule, after Nero (54-68) and Domitian (81-96), who persecuted the Early Church. During Trajan's reign, the apostolic father Ignatius of Antioch was martyred, in AD 117.