a 16 September:
2002 In Jammu and Kashmir (including the Indian-occupied part of Kashmir), first stage of election for the 87-member legislature. The fourth and last stage is scheduled for 08 October. Islamic extremist have opposed the election since it was announced in early August 2002 and more than 300 persons, including more than a dozen candidates and party workers, have been killed in the resulting violence. But the main moderate separatist alliance, the All Parties Hurriyat (Freedom) Conference which groups almost two dozen parties and organizations, has also boycotted the election, declaring that it does not accept anything but self-determination.
2000 Peru's authoritarian President Alberto Fujimori, 62, announces that he will call new elections (he does not say when) and that he would not be a candidate. The hypothesis is that the armed forces have withdrawn their support for him, in the face of strong opposition at home and abroad. Fujimori won a recent re-election, that was rigged. But the last straw was a videotape showing head of the National Intelligence Service Vladimiro Montesinos bribing an opposition congressman. Fujimori also says he will "deactivate" the National Intelligence Service.
1997 Jobs gets old job back Apple Computer recruits founder and former CEO Steve Jobs to temporarily run the company during a search for a permanent leader. A decade earlier, Jobs had left Apple under bitter circumstances.
| 1991 US trial of kidnapped Panamanian dictator, drug
trafficker, and ex-CIA agent Manuel Noriega begins
1990 101 year old Sam Ackerman weds 95 year old Eva in New Rochelle NY
1990 Iraq televises an 8 minute uncensored speech from George Bush
1976 Congress puts the finishing touches on what is to become the Tax Reform Act of '76, aiming to place a fair share of the nation's tax burden on the wealthy, with an increase in the minimum mandatory payments, as well as a reduction in the rolls of citizens who claimed special tax shelters. The Tax Reform Act would pass into law by the end of the year
1976 In Minneapolis, the 65th Triennial General Convention of the Episcopal Church officially approves the ordination of women as priests and bishops.
1975 Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
1974 US President Ford announces an amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft-evaders, conditioned on them swearing allegiance to the United States and performing two years of public service.
1974 BART begins regular transbay service
1974 Pres Ford announces conditional amnesty for US Vietnam War deserters
| 1972 South Vietnamese troops recapture Quang Tri province
in South Vietnam from the North Vietnamese Army.
1971 6 Klansmen arrested in connection with bombing of 10 school buses
1945 Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain.
1945 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
1942 The Japanese base at Kiska in the Aleutian Islands is raided by American bombers.
1941 German armor troops surround Kiev, Ukraine.
1940 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of the US House of Representatives.
1934 Anti-Nazi Lutherans stage protest in Munich.
1919 American Legion incorporated by an act of Congress
| 1888 El Paso del Norte, in Mexico on the southern bank
of the Rio Grande, is renamed Ciudad Juárez. El Paso remains the name of
the bustling little railroad town across the river in Texas.
1873 Les troupes de l'Empire allemand évacuent le territoire national. L'Alsace-Lorraine a été annexée à l'Empire lors du traité de Francfort du 10 mai 1871. Cette annexion provoquera bien des rancoeurs et des haines. Il fallut payer une rançon de cinq milliards de francs pour que ces troupes se retirent.
1864 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest leads 4500 men out of Verona, Mississippi, to harass Union outposts in northern Alabama and Tennessee.
1864 Confederate General Wade Hampton's raid at Coggin's Point (Great Cattle Road), Virginia
1862 Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4000 federals at Munfordville, KY
1861 Siege of Lexington, Missouri continues
1858 1st overland mail for California
1812 Fire of Moscow
1789 Jean-Paul Marat sets up a new newspaper in France, L'Ami du Peuple.
1747 The French capture Bergen-op-Zoom, consolidating their occupation of Austrian Flanders in the Netherlands.
1668 King John Casimir V of Poland abdicates the throne.
1662 Flamsteed sees solar eclipse, 1st known astronomical observation
1654 Russian troops occupy Smolensk in Poland
1630 Massachussetts village of Shawmut changes name to Boston
1620 Julian date: Mayflower sets sail: go to Gregorian date 26 September
2002 François-Xavier Nguyên Van Thuán [17 Apr 1928–], who was born in Huê, Vietnam. On 11 Jun 1953 he was ordained a Catholic priest. On 24 June 1967 he was consecrateed a bishop to head the diocese of Nha Trang. On 24 April 1975 he was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Saigon (now Hô Chí Minh City). After the defeat of South Vietnam, he was imprisoned in a Communist “re-education camp” for 13 years, 9 of which in solitary confinement. In 1988 he was freed and exiled. Pope John Paul II welcomed him to Vatican City and entrusted him with responsibilities in the Roman Curia; on 24 June 1998 Nguyên Van Thuán was appointed president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. In March 2000, Nguyên Van Thuân preached the spiritual exercises attended by John Paul II and the Roman Curia, sharing many of his spiritual experiences in prison. The Testimony of Hope was published as a collection of his meditations. He was made cardinal on 21 February 2001. It is expected that some day Nguyên Van Thuân will be declared a saint. —(070425)
2005 Rogelio Zarazúa Ortega [16 Sep 19xx–], since 17 October 2004 director of Public Safety for Michoacan state, Mexico, shot by 12 bullets in restaurant Las Trojes, 51 calle Joan Sebastian Bach, in the La Loma Camelinas neighborhood of Morelia at 17:04 (12:04 UT), by three attackers, armed with two AK-47s and one 45-caliber pistol, who immediately flee, two of them on a motorcycle, and the third in a pickup truck with other accomplices, who fire on pursuing bodyguards, killing César Ignacio Bautista Jiménez at 17:05. The other three bodyguards are wounded: Julio César Oregel Mendoza, 25, José de Jesús Flores Mayoral, 25, and Genaro del Castillo, 30. Rogelio Zarazúa's wife, María Guadalupe Sánchez Martínez de Zarazúa [27 Jan 1959–], who is at the restaurant with him, celebrating his birthday, is the Michoacán spokesperson for the nationwide anti-assassination campaign México Seguro which, in Michoacán, was initiated on 29 July 2005. She has been a Federal Congresswoman. She started her career as an elementary school teacher in 1974 (at age 15 !!?), and has served in a variety of political positions since.
2005 Antonio Valenzuela Valdez, 25, policeman, dies in hospital from eight 9mm-caliber bullets which hit him a few hours earlier in a drive-by shooting while he was walking (without a bulletproof vest) on boulevard José López Portillo, in Acapulco, Guerrero state, México.
2005 José Luis Tzinzun López, 34, who receives three AK-47 bullets in the head and neck, while walking on calle Bolívar, in Nogales, Sonora state, Mexico.
2005 Raymundo Lorenzo Leyva, 25, policeman, from eight bullets received while he was on guard outside the house of María de los Ángeles González, regidora del Partido Convergencia, in Acapulco, Guerrero state, México.
2005 José Gilberto Estrada Cuajicalco, 23, shot in the head by an unknown, in the village Bajos del Ejido, municipality Coyuca de Benítez, Guerrero state, México.
2004 Tabea Block, German craniopagus conjoined twin born on 09 August 2003, dies from cardiac arrest, a few hours after the 01:45 completion of the separation surgery (from Lea Block, who survives) started for 13 hours on 11 September and resumed at 06:00 on 15 September, at John Hopkins Children Center, Baltimore, Maryland.
2003 Noboru Beppu, 52; branch manager Kunio Yoshikawa, 41, and a policeman, in Nagoya, Japan, in 13:10 gasoline explosion [photo >] at the end of a televised three-hour police siege of the building of the parcel delivery company Keikyubin, which had started when Beppu came in armed with a 35-cm knife, took the office manager and 7 other employees hostage (he released the seven 10 minutes before the explosion), and poured gasoline on the floor (threatening to set it on fire if he saw even one policeman), claiming the company owed him ¥250'000 ($2100) for his work as a contract driver from July to September (the July portion was scheduled to be paid on 20 September). 25 persons are injured.
2002 Miguel Ajú, de 23 años, en el caserío Pasis, aldea Sampoj, Santa Catarina Ixtahuacán, Sololá, Guatemala, fue sacado a rastras y a golpes de su vivienda por unos 800 aldeanos que lo sindicaban de la muerte de Juan Ixtot. Lo ataron de pies y manos a un árbol de cacao, donde fue degollado a las 22:50.
2002 Juan Ixtot, de 82 años, en el caserío Pasis, aldea Sampoj, Santa Catarina Ixtahuacán, departamento de Sololá, Guatemala, a machetazos por Miguel Ajú, a mediodía (el victimado ya moribundo dijo que el culpable fue Ajú).
2002 Isabel Muñoz, 36, Vincent LaBianca, 34, and John H. Harrison, 53, who shoots the first two and then himself in his 11th floor office of Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield at 1440 Broadway, New York City. More
2002:: 11 persons by a terrorist bomb made of an artillery shell and detonated by remote control near a bus stop in Grozny, Chechnya. It was probably intended against police vehicles of the Russian occupiers or their puppets and detonated at the wrong moment.
2002 Cardinal François-Xavier Nguyên Van Thuân of Vietnam, 74, in Rome, of cancer. Cardinal Van Thuân, one of the few Asians to occupy top Vatican posts, spent 13 years in prison and under house arrest in Vietnam after the Communists came to power in 1975, after the Vietnam War, and began repressing the Roman Catholic Church. About 10% of Vietnam's population of more than 79 million are Christians, most of them Catholics. Many Catholics were driven underground after the Communist takeover, and Cardinal Van Thuân's status was not helped by the fact that he was related to a former president of South Vietnam, the Communists' wartime enemy. During his prison years, eight of which were spent in solitary confinement, Cardinal Van Thuân wrote about spirituality, survival and hope. He was released in 1991 but while he was visiting Rome, the Vietnam government declared him persona non grata and said he could never return home. He became a cardinal in February 2001. The pope in 1998 appointed him president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, in charge of formulating church teaching on justice and international law. In 2000, he was chosen to preach to the Vatican bureaucracy at the Lenten spiritual retreat, another sign of esteem. [20 Sep 2002: l'omelia del Papa per le esequie: Eroico araldo del Vangelo di Cristo, esempio luminoso di coerenza cristiana sino al martirio Same in French, English, Portuguese]
2001 Annie O'Donnell, 107, at the home of relatives in County Derry. She was born in County Donegal on 08 December 1893 and was a former schoolteacher. The title of oldest woman in Ireland passes to twice-widowed Annie O'Malley, in County Mayo, who was born on 17 September 1894..
2001 Shi Wanxia, 29, murdered by ethnic Korean Piao Yongzhi
Updated: 2001 Wed, Nov 07 11:00 AM EST BEIJING (Reuters) - An ex-convict has been indicted in China for the gruesome murder of a woman who was beheaded, scalped and the skin from her face cooked in a pot, a police official said Wednesday. Ethnic Korean Piao Yongzhi is accused of murdering 29-year-old Shi Wanxia out of lust for her long hair, police officer Du Changqing told Reuters by telephone from Kaishantun, in the northeastern province of Jilin. The 40-year-old Piao took the victim's head back home after beheading her with an axe and seriously wounding her sister on 16 September 2001, Du said. He then peeled off the scalp and hair and cooked the facial skin with some pepper. The victim's hair and skull were discovered in his storage room. "We found out later that he had just been stir-frying the dish when we knocked on the door," Du said. Authorities found the victim's face boiling in a pot when they searched the house. The suspect had been sentenced to life in prison for a 1977 murder and was released in 1997, Du said. Prosecutors are seeking the death penalty for Piao, the officer said. He did not say when the trial would begin. Details of especially grisly or otherwise high profile cases are routinely published in advance of trials at which the verdicts are almost certain.
2000 Georgiy Ruslanovich Gongadze is
abducted and, this day or soon thereafter, decapitated.
Opposition journalist Gongadze [21 May 1969–] [photo >], head of the online newspaper Ukrainska Pravda disappears on his way home from work, abducted by the policemen then strangle him and to impede identification, remove his head, and attempt to burn with acid and fire his headless body, which they dump it in a forest in the Bila Tserkva region of Ukraine, where it would be discovered on 03 November 2000.
The opposition will demand the resignation of President Leonid Kuchma [09 Aug 1938~], citing incriminating audio tapes (released by Kuchma's former bodyguard, Major Mikola Melnichenko) which allegedly record a series of conversations between Kuchma and top officials in his government, including the presidential administration head, Volodymyr Lytvyn, and the interior minister, Yuri Kravchenko.
In April 2001, the US would grant political asylum to Melnychenko, to Gongadze's wife, Myroslava, and to the twin Gongadze daughters.
A real investigation of the case would have to wait until the end of the term of Kuchma and the 23 January 2005 inauguration of the reformist President Yushchenko [23 Feb 1954~]. Thereupon Kravchenko would commit suicide on 04 March 2005.
| 1989 Allen
US mathematician born in 1927. He worked on a wide range of mathematical
topics including measure theory, complex functions, functional analysis
and operator theory.
1957 El Hadj Mohammed El Mokri, claimed to have been born in 1844, but perhaps it was 1851 or 1854.
1946 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist (thermodynamics, heat and other aspects of radiation), mathematician, astronomer, born on 11 September 1877.He thought that God was a colleague: "From the intrinsic evidence of his creation, the Great Architect of the Universe now begins to appear as a pure mathematician.” He was the first to propose that matter is continuously created throughout the universe. Author of The dynamical theory of Gases (1904), Theoretical Mechanics (1906), The Mathematical Theory of Electricity and Magnetism (1908), Problems of cosmogony and stellar dynamics (1919), Astronomy and Cosmogony (1928), Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases (1940); and of nine popular books including The Universe Around Us (1929), The Mysterious Universe (1930), The New Background of Science (1933), Through Space and Time (1934), Science and Music (1938), Physics and Philosophy (1943).
1931 Niels Nielsen, Danish mathematician born on 02 December 1865.
1925 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Friedmann, Saint-Petersburg Russian mathematician born on 16 June (04 June Julian) 1888.
1853 Johann Peter Hasenclever, German artist born on 18 May 1810.
1775 Louis-Fabricius Dubourg (or du Bourg), Dutch artist born on 02 July 1693.
1759 François-Clément Boucher de La Perrière, born on 24 April 1708, French Canadian officer. He began his service in the colonial troops in 1736. In 1755, he was the commanding officer of Fort Niagara. In 1756, he was promoted captain of a riflemen company in the Compagnies franches de la Marine. He was mortally wounded at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham near Quebec (13 September 1759)
1759 Balthazar Dupont de Jonchères, French officer. He received his commission of lieutenant on 01 April 1755, with the company of Sieur de Patris, then he was transferred to the company of Sieur de Bigat in the Regiment of Guyenne. He was mortally wounded at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham near Quebec (13 September 1759)
1672 Anne Bradstreet American poet, (birth date unknown)
1643 Lucas Franchoys Sr., Flemish artist born on 25 January 1574.
1530 (or some other day since 13 Jul 1530) Quentin Metsys “de Smit” “Herrero”, Flemish artist born in 1466. MORE ON METSYS AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1498 Tomas de Torquemada, inquisitor who burned 10'000 persons.
1997 Megahertz modem. Microsoft's WebTV announces that it has developed a video modem capable of receiving one million bits of data per second.
1963 Malaysia is formed from Malaya, Singapore, Br. N. Borneo and Sarawak
1926 Robert Schuller televangelist (Glass Cathedral), author.
1919 American Legion is incorporated by an act of US Congress.
1911 Wilfred Burchett Australia, communist/writer (Catapult to Freedom)
1887 Kamato Hongo, Japanese who died on 31 October 2003 from pneumonia. She became the world's oldest living person at the death of Maude Davis Farris-Luse [21 Jan 1887 – 21 Mar 2002], with the possible exception of Vietnamese woman Vu Thi Dao, whose date of birth in 1887 is not known.
1880 Alfred Noyes England, poet (The Highwayman).
1875 James Cash Penney department store chain founder who died on 12 February 1971.
1871 Alice Caroline Stracey Tyler (Brewster), who would die on 09 October 1982.
1861 Franz von Matsch, Austrian artist who died in 1942.
1858 Andrew Bonar Law (C) British PM (1922-1923) who died on 30 October 1923.
1857 Typesetting machine patented.
1832 George Washington Custis Lee, in Fort Monroe, Virginia, son of Robert E. Lee. Custis Lee would become aide-de-camp of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and be promoted to general. He would die on 18 February 1913.
1823 Francis Parkman Jr. US historian who died on 08 November 1893, best known for his classic seven-volume history France and England in North America, covering the colonial period from the beginnings to 1763. — PARKMAN ONLINE: : The Oregon Trail
1816 Theodore Martin, translator of Schiller's William Tell.
1736 Johannes Nikolaus Tetens, German philosopher, physicist, mathematician, who died on 17 August 1807. Author of Philosophische Versuche über die menschliche Natur und ihre Entwickelung (1777) on the origin and structure of knowledge.
1685 John Gay poet. GAY ONLINE: The Beggar's Opera The Beggar's Opera The Beggar's Opera
1647 Benoîte Rencurel [–28 Dec 1718], illiterate French woman of the diocese of Gap). Her father died when she was 7, .so that she had to become a shepherdess of a neighbor's flock, constantly praying the Rosary. In May 1664, the Virgin Mary started appearing to her (the first time with the Child Jesus) frequently, but at first never answered her. On 29 August 1664, the “beautiful lady” at last spoke and said: “Je m'appelle Dame Marie”. Mary did not appear again until toward the end of September 1664, when she asked that the dingy chapel in the tiny hamlet Saint-Étienne-le-Laus be replaced by a priests' residence and a church, for the conversion of sinners through the ministry of reconciliation (confession). Since 1665 and until now, this has attracted pilgrims.In 1966 Benoîte Rencurel entered the Compagnie des Sœurs de la Pénitence, a Dominican Third Order community. In July 1673, at the foot of the cross of d’Avançon, she had a vision of the crucified Christ and received the stigmata, which caused her intense pain and extasis every Friday during a total of seven years. On 22 July 1678, Saint Catherine of Sienna appeared to Benoîte Rencurel and gave her a crown of thorns. —(080505)
1585 Ottavio Vannini, Florentine painter who died on 25 February 1644. — more with link to an image.
1494 Francisco Maurolico, Messina Catholic priest ordained in 1521, who later became a Benedictine. He served as head of the mint in Sicily, he was in charge of the fortifications of Messina, and was appoined to write a history of Sicily. Maurolico wrote important books on Greek mathematics, restored many ancient works from scant information and translated many ancient texts. He made a table of secants. Maurolico also worked on geometry, the theory of numbers, optics, conics, and mechanics. In Cosmographia Maurolico gave methods for measuring the Earth. He made astronomical observations, in particular he observed the supernova which appeared in Cassiopeia in 1572 now known as “Tycho's supernova”.
1387 Henry V, son of Henry IV [Apr 1366 – 20 Mar 1413] and king of England from the death of his father to his own 31 Aug 1422 death. He won the Battle of Agincourt (25 Oct 1415) in the Hundred Years' War with France, and made England one of the strongest kingdoms in Europe. He forced on the French the Treaty of Troyes (21 May 1420). He was recognized as heir to the French throne and regent of France, and Catherine de Valois [27 Oct 1401 – 03 Jan 1437], the daughter of the king of France Charles VI “l'Insensé” [03 Dec 1368 – 21 Oct 1422], was married to him on 02 June 1420. Shakespeare [bap. 26 Apr 1564 – 23 Apr 1616] wrote about him the play Henry V (1599).