a 04 September:
On the NASDAQ, the stock of Metrobancorp (METB), after it previous close
of $9.86, opens at $8.50, which turns out to be its low for the day, as
the announcement of an offer to buy the company at $17 a share propels the
stock to close at its high for the day, $16.00, which is also, by far, its
all-time high. METB started trading at $7.94 on 22 September 1997, rose
to its previous all-time high of $11.19 on 29 April 1998, sank to its all-time
low of $4.77 ot 22 May 2000. During the past 12 months its low was $6.81
on 19 October 2001 and its high $10.09 on 21 June 2002. [< 5~year
2001 Following the previous evening's announcement of merger plans by Hewlett~Packard (HWP) and Compaq (CPQ), the stocks of both companies fall sharply on Wall Street: CPQ closes at $11.08, down 10.3%, HWP at $19, down 18%. This makes the deal worth $20.3 billion, instead of the previous day's $25 billion. (On 04 September 2002 CPQ would close at $11.00 after having made, during the intervening 12 months, a high of $18.04 and a low of $7.26; while HPQ, the post-merger symbol, would close at $13.08 after a high of $24.12 and a low of $10.75 during the intervening 12 months.)
2001 Houghton Mifflin Co. sues Jews for Jesus for infringing on its Curious George copyright by picturing the cartoon monkey in pamphlet Are You Curious. The cover of the pamphlet shows the tailless monkey standing next to a tall cone-shaped hat identical to that worn by the popular "Man in the Yellow Hat" featured in the original books by Margret Rey and H.A. Rey. Another picture shows the monkey wearing striped pajamas sitting on a bed featuring ornate head and footboards as in an illustration from Curious George Rides a Bike.
The pamphlets are also printed on yellow paper, the background color of the Curious George books. They use the same type font and the text is written in simple, monosyllabic words and short sentences mimicking the style used in the Rey books.
2000 At a campaign stop in Naperville, Illinois, presidential candidate George W. Bush (Jr.), not realizing that the microphone is on, says to running mate Dick Cheney: "There's Adam Clymer, major-league asshole from the New York Times."
2001 Parliamentary elections in Fiji.. 31 seats are won by the Fijian United Party of Laisenia Qarase, an indigenous Fijian, installed as caretaker prime minister by a military coup in 2000. This is six seats short of the 37 needed for a majority in the 71-seat parliament. Qarase would obtain the support of 6 members of minor parties and be sworn in as prime minister on 10 September 2001. 27 seats are won by the ethnic-Indian-dominated Fiji Labor Party of Mahendra Chaudhry, the prime minister deposed in the coup.
^ 1997 Last Ford Thunderbird comes off the assembly line in Lorain, Ohio, leaving many of the car’s fans disappointed. One Ford dealer even held a wake for the beloved Thunderbird, complete with flowers and a RIP plaque. Originally conceived as Ford’s answer to the Corvette, the Thunderbird has enjoyed an illustrious place among American cars. It was promoted as a “personal” car, rather than a sports car, so it never had to compete against the imports that dominated the sports car market. The name of the enormously successful car was eventually shortened to “T-bird,” as mentioned in the famous Beach Boys song, “I Get Around.”
1997 The Social Security Administration announces that it will resume online posting of benefits information. The agency had ceased electronic publication of retirement and benefit information the previous April due to privacy concerns.
1996 America Online announces that it has started blocking spam from five bulk e-mail marketers. The company said it would give members a tool to allow them to block spam from specific addresses later in the month. AOL subscribers had complained bitterly about the torrents of junk e-mail bombarding their mailboxes.
1996 Web TV Networks announces that it will start an online service in September using digital terminals connected to televisions. Microsoft would acquire Web TV in 1997 and in 1998 announce that the company had developed a modem that could deliver some one million bits per second.
1991: South African President F.W. de Klerk proposed a new constitution that would allow blacks to vote and govern; the African National Congress rejected the plan, charging it was designed to maintain white privileges.
1989 First computer diskette in a magazine, inserted in this day's issue of Forbes. The Lexis News Plus disks offer a demonstration of Nexis, a news retrieval service. Computer disks were already popular direct-mail advertising items.
1986 Yasser Arafat acepta la resolución 242 de la ONU, que supone el implícito reconocimiento del derecho a la existencia del Estado de Israel.
1984 Elecciones en Canadá: el partido conservador de Martin Brian Mulroney obtiene una clara victoria sobre el partido liberal de Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
1982 China abandona oficialmente el maoísmo en el Congreso comunista chino celebrado en Pekín.
1961 US authorizes Agency for International Development.
1959 The Labor Reform Act is passed by the US Congress, intended to reduce the power of trade unions.
1957 Arkansas troops prevent desegregation
Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus orders the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine Black students from entering Central High School in Little Rock. Three weeks later, President Dwight Eisenhower would send a force of 1000 US Army paratroopers to Little Rock to guarantee the peaceful desegregation of the public school. On September 25, the troops escorted nine Black students into the building.
Three years earlier, the US Supreme Court had handed down an unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that ruled that racial segregation in public educational facilities was unconstitutional. The historic decision, which brought an end to federal tolerance of racial segregation, specifically dealt with Linda Brown, a young Black girl who had been denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka, Kansas, because of the color of her skin. In 1896, the Supreme Court had ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson, that "separate but equal" accommodations in railroad cars conformed to the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection. That ruling was used to justify segregating all public facilities, including elementary schools.
However, in the case of Linda Brown, the white school she attempted to attend was far superior to her black alternative, and, additionally, was kilometers closer to her home. The National Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) took up Linda's cause, and in 1954, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka reached the Supreme Court. Black lawyer (and future Supreme Court justice) Thurgood Marshall led Brown's legal team, and on 17 May 1954, the high court handed down its decision. In an opinion written by Chief Justice Earl Warren, the nation's highest court ruled that not only was the "separate but equal" doctrine unconstitutional in Linda's case, but was unconstitutional in all possible cases as educational segregation inherently stamped a badge of inferiority on Black students. A year later, after hearing arguments on the implementation of their ruling, the Supreme Court published guidelines requiring public school systems to integrate "with all deliberate speed." The Brown v. Board of Education decision served to greatly motivate the Black civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, and ultimately led to the abolishment of racial segregation in all public facilities and accommodations.
Little Rock becomes a Cold War hotspot
Under orders from the governor of Arkansas, armed National Guardsmen prevent nine Black students from attending the all-white Central High School in Little Rock. What began as a domestic crisis soon exploded into a Cold War embarrassment. The United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a heated and costly war of words during the early years of the Cold War. Propaganda became an important weapon as each nation sought to win the "hearts and minds" of people around the world. In this war, the United States suffered from one undeniable weakness: racial discrimination in America. This was a particularly costly weakness, for it made the US's rhetoric about democracy and equality seem hollow, especially to people of color in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The Soviets eagerly seized on the issue, and tales of the horrors suffered by Blacks in the United States became a staple of their propaganda. In 1954, however, the monumental Supreme Court case of Brown v. Topeka Board of Education declared segregated schools unconstitutional and ordered school integration to proceed "with all deliberate speed." The case was trumpeted by the American government's propaganda as evidence of the great strides being made toward full equality for all citizens.
In 1957, a Federal District Court ordered the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, to allow Black students to attend. Governor Orval Faubus declared that he would not follow the decree. When nine Black students attempted to enter the school on 04 September 1957, a crowd of several hundred angry and belligerent whites confronted them. Hundreds of National Guardsmen, called up by Faubus, blocked the students' entry into the school. To the chants of "Go home, niggers" from the mob, the nine students left. Faubus's action won him acclaim in his home state, and in much of the South, but it was a serious embarrassment to the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower himself was no great supporter of civil rights, but he understood the international significance of the events in Little Rock. Pictures of the angry mob, the terrified Black students, and National Guardsmen with guns and gas masks were seen around the world. The Soviets could not have created better propaganda. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles informed Eisenhower that the Little Rock incident was hurting the United States overseas, and might even cost the country the support of other nations in the United Nations. Eisenhower tried to negotiate a settlement with Faubus, but when this failed, he sent in federal troops. The nine Black students were finally allowed to attend Central High.
The Little Rock incident indicated that America's domestic problems, particularly racial discrimination, could not remain purely domestic in the context of the Cold War. The United States portrayed itself as the defender of democracy, justice, and equality in its struggle with the Soviet Union and communism. The ugly reality of the Little Rock integration, however, forced both allies and enemies to question America's dedication to the principles it so often professed.
| 1954 First passage of McClure Strait, fabled Northwest
Passage, is completed.
1951 1st transcontinental TV broadcast, by US President Truman, from the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco. It is carried by 94 stations.
1950 1st helicopter rescue of American pilot behind enemy lines.
1948 Queen Wilhelmina of Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.
1944 Fuerzas del general George Smith Patton franquean el Mosela.
1943 Allied troops capture Lae-Salamaua, in New Guinea.
1942 Français esclavisés par les nazis. Le Service du Travail Obligatoire, ou STO, est institué au bénéfice de l'occupant. Plus de un million et demi d'hommes seront requis. Nombreux sont ceux qui, âgés entre dix-huit et trente-cinq ans, refusent l'obligation et entrent alors dans la Résistance, les autres encore plus nombreux (875'000) sont contraints au travail dans les usines d'armements en Allemagne.
1942 Soviet planes bomb Budapest in the war's first air raid on the Hungarian capital. Ataque aéreo soviético contra Budapest y Konigsberg.
1941 II Guerra Mundial: comienza el bombardeo y asedio de Leningrado, que resistió durante 900 días.
1939 España declara su neutralidad en la II Guerra Mundial.
1936 Francisco Largo Caballero forma Gobierno en España, constituido por ministros comunistas y socialistas, tras la dimisión del gabinete Giral.
1933 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il
1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
1920 Fundación del Tercio de Extranjeros, fuerza de choque del Ejército español en Marruecos, que después se denominó La Legión.
1918 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
1915 The US military places Haiti under martial law to quell a rebellion in its capital Port-au-Prince.
1909 El inventor del esperanto, Lejzer Ludwik Zamenhof, asiste en Barcelona al Congreso Universal Esperantista.
1901 US President McKinley arrives in Buffalo to visit the Pan-American Exposition. He had been unable to attend the 01 May 1901 opening, because of the illness of his wife, Ida. But now his wife's health is improved and Congress is in recess. Anarchist Leon Czolgosz, 28, who wants to assassinate McKinley, had come to Buffalo in late August 1901 so that he could explore the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition, but apparently did not develop a specific plan for the assassination. Czolgosz approaches McKinley when the president's train arrives in Buffalo. A policeman, thinking Czolgosz an overzealous supporter, yells at him to back off, and Czolgosz hurries away, afraid his intention would be discovered. McKinley will live 10 more days, 8 of them moribund.
1890 Un incendio destruye media ciudad de Salónica (Grecia).
1882 1st district lit by electricty (NY's Pearl Street Station)
1881 The Edison electric lighting system goes into operation as a generator serving 85 paying customers is switched on.
1864 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1862 Robert E. Lee's Confederate army invades Maryland, starting the Antietam Campaign.
1820 Czar Alexander declares that Russian influence in North America extends as far south as Oregon and closes Alaskan waters to foreigners.
1787 Louis XVI of France recalls parliament.
1609 Navigator Henry Hudson discovers island of Manhattan (or 0911)
1535 Saqueo de la ciudad de Mahón por el pirata Khair Ben Eddyn Barbarroja.
1479 After four years of war, Spain agrees to allow a Portuguese monopoly of trade along Africa's west coast and Portugal acknowledges Spain's rights in the Canary Islands.
1261 Se consagra al papa Urbano IV.
1260 At the Battle of Montaperto in Italy, the Tuscan Ghibellines, who support the emperor, defeat the Florentine Guelfs, who support papal power. Los gibelinos de Florencia y Siena, capitaneados por los Uberti y ayudados por Manfredo hijo ilegítimo de Federico II imponen su poder en Monteaperti a los güelfos de Toscana.
2006 Stephen Robert “Steve” Irwin “the Crocodile Hunter”, born on 22 February 1962, stung at 11:10 (01:10 UT) by a stingray, whose barb pierces his heart, while he was filming for TV, underwater on the Great Barrier Reef. He was an Australian naturalist and wildlife expert known worldwide for the television program The Crocodile Hunter which he hosted. —(060904)
2005 James Brissette, 19, and Ronald Madison, 40, mentally retarded man, both unarmed and fleeing on the Danzinger Bridge in New Orleans from teenagers shooting at them, are suddenly shot by out-of-uniform policemen Kenneth Bowen, Robert Faulcon, Robert Gisevius, Anthony Villavaso, Robert Barrios, Mike Hunter, and Ignatius Hills. (6 days after Hurricane Katrina). 4 other persons are wounded, including Lance Madison (Ronald's brother) who is later falsely accused of shooting at the police and is arrested; but a grand jury eventually clears him. —(070102)
2005 Guadalupe Montoya Cadena, 7, Jesús Montoya Cadena, 4, and Daniel Montoya Cadena, 8 months, buried at 03:00 (08:00 UT) by a mudslide in La Pera, Dos Ríos township, Mexico state, Mexico, in the 4x6m bedroom where they were sleeping together with their brother Francisco Javier Montoya Cadena, 9, whose suffers broken arms and hypothermia, and their parents Reyna Cadena Vázquez and Javier Montoya Olvera. (050905)
2005 Sixteen persons, gassed by the smoke of a fire started by three girls, aged 16, 18, and 18, at 01:00 (23:00 UT on 03 Sep) at 2, allée du Stade, L'Haÿ-les-Roses (Val-de-Marne), a suburb of Paris, France, at the letter-boxes in the hall of the 18-floor apartment building, which houses some 800 low-income persons. 15 persons are injured. There is no fire damage to any of the 110 apartments and no harm done to those who stayed in them. All the casualties had rushed out to the stairwell to investigate. One of the women taken away in an ambulance, gave birth to a boy before reaching the hospital. (050905)
2004 At least 14 policemen, 3 civilians and a suicide car bomber 150 m from a police academy in Kirkuk, Iraq. 36 persons are wounded.
2004 Three policemen whose car exploded during a raids against insurgents in the Latifiya area, just south of Baghdad, Iraq.
2004 Some 4 insurgents and 15 innocent civilians, during US ground and air attack in Tallafar, Iraq. Some 60 persons are wounded, including many women and children.
2003 Israeli Sgt. Gabriel Uziel, 20 [photo >], near Jenin, West Bank, after Palestinians of the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades fire on the group of Golani Brigade occupation troops in which Uziel was.
2003 David Peter Robbins, of pancreatic cancer, US mathematician born on 12 August 1942. Robbins worked on making and breaking codes, for the Institute for Defense Analyses, which provides research to the US Defense Department. He also did important nongovernmental work in algebra and number theory.
2001 Tom Crosslin, 46, shot early in the morning by one of the FBI agents besieging Rainbow Farm Campground (in Vandalia, Michigan), of which he was the owner, wanted on federal charges for firing at a news helicopter, in addition to state drug and firearms charges.
2001: 14 grass cutters, and 3 of the park rangers trying to rescue them, as a wildfire breaks out in the afternoon in the southwestern part of Kruger National Wildlife Park in northeastern South Africa.
2001 Cheng Zhiyong, 29, shot by police in Shenzhen, China, after security guard Cheng critically stabbed a colleague, then confronted police for six hours holding at knife point hostage Wang Chubin, 11, a fourth-grader who had asked Cheng to take him instead of the 6-year-old Cheng had first taken as hostage. Wang is treated in a hospital for cuts on his neck.
1995 William Kunstler, 76, in New York, controversial attorney.
1992 Luis Cardoza y Aragón, escritor guatemalteco.
1991 Thomas Tryon, author of The Other, novel about a schizophrenic boy, written from his point of view.
1989 Georges Joseph Christian Simenon, Belgian novelist born on Friday 13 February 1903, creator of Paris police detective Inspector Maigret. He wrote 84 Maigret mysteries, from Pietr-le-Leton (1930) to Maigret et Monsieur Charles (1972). The two best are considered to be Mon Ami Maigret (1949) and Maigret aux Assises (1960). He also wrote 136 other novels, the first one being Au Pont des Arches (1920)..
1987 Diez bomberos, sepultados al derrumbarse seis de las ocho plantas de los Almacenes Arias de Madrid en un incendio.
1974 Marcel Achard, dramaturgo francés.
1971: 111 persons as an Alaska Airlines jet crashes near Juneau.
1970 Jim Taylor, in a T-38 at the Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base.
1969 Marcel Riesz, Hungarian Swedish mathematician born on 16 November 1886. Brother of Frigyes Riesz [22 Jan 1880 – 28 Feb 1956]
1967 Vietnam: Viet and US dead as Que Son battle starts. ^top^
The US 1st Marine Division launches Operation SWIFT, a search and destroy operation in Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces in I Corps Tactical Zone (the region south of the Demilitarized Zone). A fierce four-day battle ensued in the Que Son Valley, 40 km south of Da Nang. During the course of the battle, 114 men of the US 5th Marine Regiment were killed while the North Vietnamese forces suffered 376 casualties.
1965 Albert Schweitzer, 90 [photo >], scholar, doctor, musician, missionary, philosopher. Albert Schweitzer was born at Kaystersberg, Haute Alsace (now Haut-Rhin), on 14 January 1875, just two months after Germany had annexed the province from France. pasteur, théologien, organiste, musicologue et médecin français. Il fonda l'hôpital de Lambaréné au Gabon. Lauréat du prix Nobel de la paix en 1952. Parmi ses écrits théologiques, on peut citer la Mystique de l'apôtre Paul (1962); les Religions mondiales et le christianisme, le Secret historique de la vie de Jésus (1961). Ecrits philosophiques: les grands penseurs de l'Inde : étude de philosophie comparée (1936); Humanisme et mystique, Paix par le respect de la vie, Vivre : paroles pour une éthique du temps présent. Ecrits autobiographiques : A l'orée de la forêt vierge, Ma vie et ma pensée, Souvenirs de mon enfance, les Tilleuls de Gunsbach. Ecrits musicologiques: J.-S. Bach le musicien poète. SCHWEITZER ONLINE: (In English translation) The Quest of the Historical Jesus: A Critical Study of its Progress from Reimarus to Wrede
1942 Zsigmond Moricz, novelista húngaro.
1939 The Polish ghetto of Mir is exterminated
1922 Georges Sorel, sociólogo francés.
1917, the American expeditionary force in France suffered its first fatalities in World War I.
1907 Edvard Grieg, compositor noruego.
1893 Francis Adams, translator of Hippocrates' Aphorisms, and On Airs, Waters, and Places
1680 Nicolas Baudesson, French still-life and flower painter born in 1611. —a bit more with links to images.
1667 Frans Francken III, Flemish artist born in 1607.
1553 Cornelio da Nomatalcino, monk converted to Judaism, burned at stake
0422 St Boniface I, Pope 422 Death of Pope St. Boniface I, who was awarded the pontificate by the emperor over a rival. He supported Augustine of Hippo on the issue of Pelagianism.
1929 Thomas Eagleton (Sen-D-Mo, Dem VP candidate 1972, quickly dumped when it became know that he had been treated for mental disease, pro-life)
1920 Craig Claiborne food columnist (NY Times Cookbook)
1917 Henry Ford II automaker (Ford)
1872 Darius Milhaud Aix-en-Provence France, composer (Maximilien)
1920 Maggie Higgins, the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize (1951) for international reporting, for her work in Korean war zones.
1920 Craig Claiborne, food critic and cookbook author.
1908 Richard Wright, US novelist best known for Native Son, also wrote Uncle Tom's Children.
1906 Max Delbrück, biólogo germano-estadounidense, Premio Nobel 1981.
1905 Mary Renault (Mary Challans), author who wrote about her wartime experiences in The Last of the Wine and The King Must Die.
1895 Melchor Fernández Almagro, historiador español.
1889 Angel González Palencia, arabista y orientalista español.
1888 George Eastman patents the first roll-film camera and registers "Kodak"
1888 Otto Schlemmer, German painter, lithographer, engraver, photographer, sculptor, teacher, coreographer, dancer, composer, designer of graphics, bookcovers and furniture. He died on 13 April 1943. MORE ON SCHLEMMER AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1888 George Eastman received a patent for his roll-film camera, and registered his trademark: Kodak.
1885 John Leslie Palmer, co-editor of Who Cares for America's Children?
1875 Kirby Rollin; in Galva, IL. He would grow up to be a Pulitzer Prize winning satirist of Wall Street and big business, as well as of a host of other targets.
1852 Hjalmar Eilif Emanuel Peterssen, Norwegian painter who died on 29 December 1928. MORE ON PETERSSEN AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1848 Gustav Bauernfeind, Austrian Jewish artist specialized in orientalism, who died on 24 December 1904 in Jerusalem. MORE ON BAUERFEIND AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1848 Ernst Heinrich Bruns, German mathematician and astronomer who died on 23 September 1919.
1834 Gaspar Núñez de Arce, poeta español.
1825 Dadabhai Naoroji, who would become the first person from India in the British parliament.
1824 Phoebe Cary, poet. CARY ONLINE: Poems and Parodies, The Poems of Phoebe Carey co-author of The Poetical Works of Alice and Phoebe Cary, Early and Late Poems of Alice and Phoebe Cary
1824 Anton Bruckner Austria, composer, Wagner disciple
1813 The Religious Remembrancer (later renamed The Christian Observer) is first published in Philadelphia. It was the first weekly religious newspaper in the US, and in the world.
1809 Luigi Federica Menabrea, Italian engineer, professor of mechanics, politician, who died on 24 May 1896.
1809 Manuel Montt Torres, político chileno.
1793 Edward Bates, attorney general. BATES ONLINE: Opinion of Attorney General Bates on Citizenship
1781 El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora La Reina de Los Angeles, previously an Indian village Yangma, is founded by Spanish decree, in Bahia de las Fumas with 44 settlers from 8 families that had come from Mexico as pobladores.
1629 Lorenzo Pasinelli, Italian artist who died on 04 March 1700. MORE ON PASINELLI AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER. with links to images.
1575 Wolfgang Krodel, German artist who died on 01 July 1623.