a 02 September:
2004 About half of the irreplaceable historical books at the Duchess Anna Amalia Library in Weimar, Germany, are destroyed during an evening fire.
2004 Malaysian former deputy prime minister Anwar Ibrahim [10 Aug 1947~], suffering from painful untreated spinal degeneration, is released from prison after serving almost six years in prison allegedly for sodomy and corruption, but really for his opposition to Mahathir bin Mohamad [20 Dec 1925~], prime minister from 16 July 1981 until his 31 October 2003 handing of power to Abdullah Ahmad Badawi [26 Nov 1939~]. In the late 1990s, Malaysia's economy entered a depression, causing a split between Mahathir and Ibrahim, his apparent successor. Ibrahim's support of open markets and international investments was in opposition to Mahathir's growing distrust of the West. In 1998 Ibrahim was dismissed from his posts and arrested, and a wave of antigovernment demonstrations swept the country. Ibrahim's conviction in 1999 sparked more protests under the reformasi banner, which called for Mahathir's resignation. In August 2000 Ibrahim was sentenced to nine years in prison. Mahathir continued to suppress Anwar's supporters and consolidate his own power.
1996 Muslim rebels and the Philippine government signed a pact ending a 26-year insurgency that killed more than 120'000 persons.
1992 President Bush's vain effort to "bribe" voters. Republican US President George Bush's reelection campaign is lagging behind Democratic challenger Bill Clinton. In a desperate effort to woo voters, Bush promises an economic plan that includes $2 billion in aid for farmers, as well as the profits from a lucrative fighter-jet sale for his adopted home-state of Texas.
1989 Rev. Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst
|1983 Yitzhak Shamir (Herut) endorsed by Menachem Begin
for Israelli PM
1956 Tennessee National Guardsmen halt rioters protesting the admission of 12 Blacks to schools in Clinton.
1944 During WW II, George Bush (Sr.) ejects from a burning plane
1930 The first non-stop airplane flight from Europe to the US is completed in 37 hours as Capt. Dieudonné Coste and Maurice Bellonte of France arrived in Valley Stream, N.Y., aboard the Point d'Interrogation.
1915 Austro-German armies take Grodno, Poland.
1914 Le gouvernement français se réfugie à Bordeaux. Les troupes allemandes ont appliqué le plan Schlieffen en contournant les défenses françaises après avoir envahi la Belgique neutre. Elles sont à Senlis. Le gouvernement et le président de la République Poincaré quittent par un train spécial Paris menacé pour Bordeaux.
1901 US Vice President Theodore Roosevelt advises, "Speak softly and carry a big stick," in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair. It was neither the first nor the last time he would say that. During TR's term as Governor of NY State he fought with the party bosses, particularly Boss Tom Platt regarding a political appointment. Roosevelt held out, although the boss threatened, to "ruin" him. In the end the boss gave in. Looking back upon his handling of the incident, Roosevelt thought he 'never saw a bluff carried more resolutely through to the final limit.' And writing to a friend a few days later, he observed: 'I have always been fond of the West African proverb: "Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far." The proverb and the policy followed him into numerous instances in his career, including his policies abroad during his presidency.
1898 Battle of Omdurman: Sir Herbert Kitchner leads the British to victory over the Mahdists, and takes Khartoum.
1890 The Property Tax Party At a meeting on 02 September 1890, delegates of the Single Tax National League stuck to their ideological guns and passed the main and only plank of their party platform: a single tax that would be assessed on all property.
1870 At Sedan, having surrendered the previous evening, Napoléon and 83'000 French soldiers are taken prisoner by the Prussians.
1864 The forces of Union General William T. Sherman march into Atlanta, Georgia—one day after the Confederates evacuate the city.
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1792 Verdun, France, surrenders to the Prussian Army.
1784 English clergyman Thomas Coke, 37, is consecrated, the first "bishop" of the Methodist Episcopal Church, by founder John Wesley. Coke afterward journeyed to America, where he and Francis Asbury oversaw Methodism in the Colonies.
1752 Last day of Julian calendar in Britain, British colonies
1415 Bohemian and Moravian nobles send a document to the Council of Constance upholding Hus and saying they will fight
1192 Richard I ("The Lionhearted," who will become king of England) negotiates a treaty with Muslim general Saladin to allow access of Christians to the Holy City, ending the third crusade.
0909 A French Duke offers Berno of Blaume the land for a monastery at Cluny. Cluny becomes a center of reform for three centuries.
2006 Sabrina Taylor, 22, and Charlotte Johnson [02 Sep 1976–], sisters, die after being shot at 20:40 (03:40 UT on 03 Sep) by their stepfather, Robert Phillips, 59, at Charlotte's birthday party at a home in the 2000 block of West 84th Place in South Los Angeles, California. Phillips, who had been drunkenly complaining about the loud rock music and had been asked to leave, wounds a man in the legs, and is shot 4 times in the buttocks by someone. —(060904)
2004 Sylvie Trémouille, 40, and Daniel Buffiére, 47, French government workplace inspectors, shot with explosive bullets by wealthy Claude Duviau, 56, of whom they were inspecting the illegal employment practices at Saussignac (Dordogne), in his 20-hectare de vineyard, 10-hectare prune orchard and 2 hectare apple orchard. Duviau illegally connived with the Sheriff Belkeir company which illegally lent him seasonal workers for the harvest. He would be sentenced to 30 years in prison on 09 March 2007. —(070309)
2002 Brenda Scott, 47, over 140 kg, from peritonitis caused by stomach perforations accidentally made during Lap-Band Adjustable Gastric Banding surgery on 30 August 2002 at Port Huron Hospital in Detroit. She was a city councilwoman. The procedure was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration on 05 June 2001, for severely obese people (at least 50 kg overweight or twice their ideal weight) who have failed to lose weight by diet, exercise, and other means. It involves placing an adjustable silicone band around the upper part of the stomach, creating a small gastric pouch that limits food consumption and creates an earlier feeling of fullness. Once in place, the device is inflated with saline solution and can be tightened or loosened. It is intended to remain in place permanently but can be removed if necessary. Surgeons use keyhole surgery to put it in place. Since 1993 the procedure has been done on nearly 90'000 persons outside the US, mostly in Europe. Only 4 of them have died as a result, according to INAMED Corp. in Santa Barbara, California, manufacturers of the Lap-Band device.
2001 (Sunday) James Wallace, 6, shot by his mother, Leslie Ann Wallace, 39, as he watches television, in Fort Myers, Florida. Mom Wallace then goes to a storefront church in North Fort Myers, approached her son Kenneth, 16, and fired a round from her shotgun. His Bible receives most of the birdshot and he suffers only minor wounds. Leslie Wallace then drives to a pizza restaurant where her son Gregory, 19, works. But he had been warned and did not leave the building. Wallace called the 911 police emergency number from a pay phone and says that she has killed her young son. She drove away from the restaurant and police chase her for a short time. She is shot and seriously injured by a deputy after firing a shotgun round upon emerging from her car.
2001 David Peltier, 10, from shark attack the previous day, in 1m20 of water 50 m from shore at Sandridge Beach just south of Virginia Beach, Virginia..
2001 Christiaan Neethling Barnard, 78, of a heart attack while vacationing in Cyprus. He performed the world's first heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town in 1969 (? or 03 Dec 1967?). The patient, dentist Louis Washkansky, 53, lived 18 days before succumbing to rejection of the new heart. After crippling arthritis forced Barnard to retire from surgery in 1983, he wrote a distinguished cardiology text, several lesser nonfiction books about cardiology, a scandalously honest autobiography and four novels that received a lukewarm reception. Barnard was born on 08 November 1922
2001 At least 40 persons in train collision with locomotive, Cirebon, Java. More than 60 are injured.
1998 All 229 aboard a Swissair MD-11 jetliner crashing off Nova Scotia.
1992 Darrell Ferguson, 19, in Alexandria, Virginia, shot by Bobby Lee Ramdass, 20, who would be sentenced to for this and the 30 August 1992 attempted murder of an Arlington County cab driver. Ramdass would be sentenced to death for the 02 September 1992 murder of , a .
1992 Mohammad Z. Kayani, 34, Fairfax County, Virginia, 7-11 convenience store clerk born in Afghanistan, murdered by Robert “Bobby” Lee Ramdass, 21, who would be sentenced death for this. Ramdass had already, on 15 July 1992 murdered Darrell Ferguson and, on 30 August 1992, attempted to murder an Arlington County cab driver, two crimes for which he would be sentenced to life imprisonment. — (060808)
1973 John Ronald Reul Tolkien, 81, English Christian language scholar and novelist. His 1954-55 Lord of the Rings trilogy describes a war between good and evil in which evil is routed through courage and sacrifice. A linguist and novelist, he was also a devout Catholic and created the fantasy favorites The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Fans of C. S. Lewis know that Tolkien helped lead him to Christ. 1973: co-editor of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.
1972 47th North Vietnamese MiG shot down Phuc Yen, 10 miles north of Hanoi, and one of the largest air bases in North Vietnam, is smashed by US fighter-bombers. During the attack, a MiG was shot down, bringing the total to 47 enemy aircraft shot down since the beginning of the North Vietnamese offensive. At this point in the war, 18 US planes had been shot down by MiGs.
1949 Some 1700 Chungking residents, in riverfront fire.
1943 Sir Arthur Ernest Streeton, Australian painter specialized in landscapes, born on 08 April 1867. MORE ON STREETON AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1940 Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott: author. MAUDE ABBOTT ONLINE: On So-called Functional Heart Murmurs
1937 Baron Pierre de Coubertin , 74, revivor of Olympics
1932 Jules Charles Clément Taupin, French artist born on 08 August 1863.
1919 Georges Jules Victor Clairin, French painter born on 11 September 1843. MORE ON CLAIRIN AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER 11 with links to images.
1913 Kakuzo Okakura, author. OKAKURA ONLINE: The Book of Tea, The Book of Tea
1910 J. Henri Fabre, entomologist. FABRE ONLINE: (in English translation): The Life of the Caterpillar, The Life of the Spider
1910 Henri Rousseau le Douanier, French Primitive painter born on 21 May 1844. MORE ON ROUSSEAU AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1865 Henri Auguste Calixte César Serrur, French painter born on 09 February or 11 February 1794. — link to an image.
1854 Pierre Alphonse Laurent, Parisian engineer and mathematician born on 18 July 1813.
1806 Some 500 as a side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley, Switzerland.
1677 Wallerant Vaillant, Flemish artist born on 30 May 1623. MORE ON VAILLANT AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1566 Taddeo Zuccaro, Italian painter born on 01 September 1529. MORE ON ZUCCARO AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER 01 with links to images.
1547 Hernan Cortés, Spanish general defeated Aztec Indians
0459 Simeon Stylites, who spent 36 years on top of a pillar praying, fasting, and preaching. His first pillar was 3 meters high, his last more than 15 meters.
2002 The cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is dedicated in Los Angeles.
1948 Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe teacher/astronaut (Challenger). Would have a 73-seconds ride to death, as the highly publicized first civilian passenger on a space mission. millions of school children and others watched in horror TVshe six other crew members perished shuttle Challenger exploded.
1919 Communist Party of America organized in Chicago
1918 Allen Drury author (Advise & Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize). He died on0 2 September 1998.
1917 Cleveland Amory (writer: The Cat and the Curmudgeon, The Cat Who Came for Christmas, TV Guide columnist; died on 14 October 1998)
1914 (1911?) Romare Howard Bearden, US Black social realist Harlem Renaissance painter, collagist, printmaker, who died in 1988. — more with links to images.
1913 Israil Moiseevich Gelfand, Ukrainian mathematician and biological physicist.
1889 Isaac Grünewald, Swedish artist who died in 1946.
1884 Frank Laubach Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
1878 Maurice René Fréchet, French mathematician who died on 04 June 1973. He made major contributions to the topology of point sets and defined and founded the theory of abstract spaces. Fréchet's most important books include Les Espaces abstraits (1928), Récherches théoretiques modernes sur la théorie des probabilités (1938), Pages choisies d'analyse générale (1953), Les Mathématiques et le concret (1955).
1877 Frederick Soddy, named an isotope and received 1921 Nobel prize for chemistry.
1871 John Le Gay Brereton, author. BRERETON ONLINE: The Burning Marl, Swags Up!
1869 Jane Piercy, who would die on 03 May 1981.
1864 Louis Séraphine de Senlis, French artist who died on 11 December 1942.
1857 Karl Stauffer~Bern, Swiss artist who died on 25 January 1891. — link to an image.
1856 Yang Hsiu-ch'ing commander in chief of the Taiping Rebellion
1856 Friedrich Wilhelm Franz Meyer, German mathematician who died on 11 June 1934. He studied algebraic geometry, algebraic curves and invariant theory.
1853 Wilhelm Ostwald Germany, physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
1852 Franz von Persoglia, Austrian artist who died in 1912.
1850 Albert Spaulding baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company
1850 Eugene Field author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
1850 Alfred Pringsheim, Jewish German mathematician who became a refugee in Switzerland, where he died on 25 June 1941.
1836 Anton Braith, German artist who died on 03 January 1905.
1839 Henry George land reformer GEORGE ONLINE: Progress and Poverty
1838 Queen Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalani last queen of Hawaii (1891-93) 1838 Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalanilast sovereign before annexation of Hawaii by the United States.
1836 Anton Braith, German artist who died on 03 January 1905.
1826 Alberto Pasini, Italian artist who died on 15 December 1899.
1820 Lucretia Peabody Hale, author. HALE ONLINE:: The Peterkin Papers
1711 Noël Hallé, French painter, draftsman, and printmaker, who died on 05 June 1781. MORE ON HALLÉ AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.