a 29 October:
2005 Pope Benedict XVI [16 Apr 1927~] declares eight martyrs of the Spanish Civil war to be Blessed: Josep Tàpies and six Companions (shot on 13 August 1936 for being priests) and María de los Angeles Ginard Martí [03 Apr 1894 – 26 Aug 1936] who was shot for being a nun. — (060318)
2002 Metallic chemicals corporation OM Group (OMG) announces a restructuring plan and earnings, or rather per share losses due to a non-recurring $3.31 per share charge for write-down of inventories of cobalt (whose price is expected to stay near $14 per kg), of $2.52 for the third quarter 2002 (they were +$0.84 in the 3rd quarter 2001), and of $0.80 for the first 9 months of 2002 (+$2.47 in 2001). Its stock is downgraded by Salomon Smith Barney from Outperform to Underperform. On the New York Stock Exchange, 23 million of the 28 million OMG shares are traded, plunging from their previous close of $30.90 to an intraday low of $8.60 and closing at $8.95. They had traded as high as $73.70 as recently as 02 April 2002.
2002 Some 2000 to 3000 caribou are detected to have crossed the Yukon River into Canada, first such crossing by the endangered caribou since 1973. MORE
| 2000 En España, Izquierda Unida elige, en su
VI Asamblea General, a Gaspar Llamazares como nuevo coordinador general,
en sustitución de Julio Anguita, que ocupaba el cargo desde mayo de 1992.
1999 US urges peace in Chechnya; Chechens say Russians attacked refugees (CNN)
1997 La primera cumbre celebrada por China y EE.UU., tras doce años, concluye con el acuerdo de Jiang Zemin y Bill Clinton de llegar a un clima de entendimiento.
1997 Comienza la construcción de la réplica de las pinturas de las Cuevas de Altamira.
1992 El Congreso español y el Parlamento italiano ratifican el Tratado de Maastricht para la Unión Europea.
1991 US President Bush imposes trade sanctions against Haiti to pressure its new leaders to restore ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power.
1991 The US unmanned spacecraft Galileo transmits images and data of the asteroid Gaspra.
1985 Samuel Doe asume la presidencia de Liberia.
1985 La Audiencia Territorial de Madrid falla a favor del reconocimiento de Herri Batasuna como partido político.
| 1983 Dangers
of Genetic Manipulation by Pope John Paul II
1988 2000 US anti-abortion protesters arrested for blocking clinics
1982 Car maker John DeLorean indicted for drug trafficking, later acquitted
1981 El Congreso de los Diputados de España autoriza al Gobierno para negociar la adhesión de España a la OTAN, por 186 votos a favor y 146 en contra.
1979 On the 50th anniversary of the great stock market crash of '29 trading at NYSE is interrupted by protesters against the proliferation of nuclear arms. However they fail to force the shutdown they intended.
1976 Derogación del decreto ley de 1937, sobre las provincias de Guipúzcoa y Vizcaya.
1969 11 de los 19 ministros del nuevo Gobierno formado en Madrid son miembros o simpatizantes del Opus Dei.
1966 Pope Paul VI reaffirms the Roman Catholic stance against artificial birth control.
1964 Thieves steal a jewel collection including the world's largest sapphire, the 565-carat "Star of India," and the 100-carat DeLong ruby from the Museum of Natural History in New York. The thieves were caught and most of the jewels recovered.
1964 Tanganika y Zanzíbar se federan en una nueva república, que se denominará Tanzania.
1958 Se restablecen las relaciones diplomáticas entre la República Argentina y la Dominicana, interrumpidas el 9 de abril.
1957 El presidente de Cuba, Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar, suspende la Constitución por un plazo de 45 días.
| 1956 IDF crosses Egyptian territory in the Sinai y
llegan a 30 kilómetros del Canal de Suez. Israeli paratroopers drop
into the Sinai to open Straits of Tiran
1956 Seventh day of the Hungarian Revolution.
1954 A raíz de un atentado fallido contra Nasser, varios dirigentes de la organización de los Hermanos Musulmanes son detenidos y la organización disuelta.
| 1952 French forces launch Operation Lorraine against
Viet Minh supply bases in Indochina.
1947 Se lleva a cabo en Bruselas la unión aduanera entre Bélgica, Holanda y Luxemburgo, también llamado el Benelux.
1945 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it was patented
1935 El Gobierno español plantea la crisis total. Joaquín Chapaprieta y Torregosa es confirmado en el cargo.
1924 Après l'Angleterre, l'Autriche, la Norvège, la Suède, la Chine, le Danemark et le Mexique, la France, par le gouvernement que préside Edouard Herriot, reconnaît officiellement, sept ans après la révolution d'Octobre, l'Union des Républiques Socialistes Soviétiques.
1924 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo es desposeído de su cátedra en la Universidad de Salamanca.
1921 Segundo proceso en EE.UU. del caso Sacco y Vanzetti.
1918 As World War I is nearing its end, while the Austrian high command is asking the Italians for an armistice, the Croats in Zagreb declare Slavonia, Croatia, and Dalmatia to be independent, pending the formation of a national state of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs.
1914 Complète surprise! Contre toute attente, la Turquie attaque des navires russes et français en mer Noire et signe un pacte avec l'Allemagne.
1912 Battle of Lulé Burgas enters its second day, as Bulgarians try to overcome stiff Turkish resistance. The bloody battle would last a a week during which the Turkish infantry endured murderous barrages from the Bulgarian artillery. By November 3, the Turks would be in full retreat toward the lines of Tchataldja, the last line of defense before Constantinople 30 km to the south.
1912 Retrospectiva de Henri Rousseau en la galería Bernheim.
1894 1st election of the Hawaiian Republic
1888 Nihilistas rusos hacen descarrilar el tren imperial que regresaba del Cáucaso. El zar Alejandro III salvó la vida milagrosamente.
1884 Hundreds of clergy offer their support to Blaine in his US presidential bid against the Rum, Romanism and Rebellion of Grover Cleveland's Democrats. Blaine loses anyhow.
1863 Fighting at Warsaw and Ozark, Missouri
1862 Skirmish at Island Mound, Missouri first engagement where African-American troops fight as an organized unit for the Union
1821 Se proclama la independencia de la intendencia de Costa Rica.
1792 Roland vient à la barre de la Convention exposer la situation de la France en général, et de Paris plus particulièrement dont il dresse un noir tableau. Au passage, il lance un trait contre Robespierre [06 May 1758 – 28 Jul 1794]. Guadet qui préside, accorde la parole à Robespierre contre l'adoption du rapport de Roland. Sur ces entrefaites, le Girondin Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvray [12 Jun 1760 – 25 Aug 1797] prononce sa robespierride, une synthèse de toutes les calomnies girondines, un astucieux roman préparé depuis longtemps dans le salon de Mme Roland, égérie de Girondins. Il demande en conclusion que la conduite de Robespierre soit examinée par le Comité de Sûreté Générale, et que Marat soit décrété d'accusation. Robespierre obtient d'être entendu le lundi 05 novembre.
1762 El gobernador de Buenos Aires, Pedro Antonio Cevallos y Calderón, reconquista la colonia de Sacramento para España.
1709, le roi Louis XIV met un terme au jansénisme. Il disperse les religieuses de Port-Royal des Champs et fait raser l’abbaye, dont seules subsistent aujourd’hui les ruines romantiques.
1682 William Penn lands at what is now Chester, Pennsylvania.
1623 Le cardinal de Richelieu entre dans la ville qu'il a fait assiégé pendant quelque quinze mois. La force des assiégeants et telle que les Anglais ont renoncé à apporter leur soutien et leur secours aux habitants affamés. La veille, contre la promesse de vie sauve et celle de pouvoir pratiquer leur culte réformé, les Rochelais ont signifié qu'ils étaient prêts à se rendre. Jean Guiton, armateur à la tête de la ville rebelle, se résigne.
1591 Inocencio IX accede al pontificado como sucesor de Gregorio XIV.
1508 Fernando el Católico confiere al almirante Diego Colón, hijo del descubridor de América, la gobernación de las Indias.
0437 Roman emperor Valentinian III [02 Jul 419 – 16 Mar 455] marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II [10 Apr 401 – 28 Jul 450] (Eastern emperor since 408) and Eudocia.
0312 Emperor Constantine restores religious rights by edict.
539 BC Babylon falls to Cyrus the Great of Persia.
2006 Garba Mohammed; Abdulrahman Shehu Shagari; Ibrahim Muhammadu Maccido dan Abu Bakar; his son Badamasi Maccido; Sule Yari Ghandi; Uwais Yaro Bodinga; Sanusi Junaidu; 85 of the other 92 passengers; and all 6 of the crew of an airliner of Aviation Development Company, bound for Sokoto, Nigeria, which crashes 2km after takeoff from Abuja during a storm. Garba Mohammed was the deputy governor of the state of Sokoto; Shagari was a son of former president Shehu Shagari [25 May 1925~]; Muhammadu Maccido [1928–] was the Sultan of Sokoto (since 20 Apr 1996, the day after the arrest of his predecessor Ibrahim Dasuki) and head of the Caliphate (spiritual leader of Nigeria's 70 million Muslims); Badamasi Maccido and Ghandi were senators on the education committee; Bodinga was a candidate for governor of Sokoto; Junaidu was the education commissioner of Sokoto. The previous ADC crash, on 07 November 1996, had killed all 143 aboard. —(061030)
2005 Qahtan Mouwaffaq and some 30 others, after a terrorist bomb hidden in a truck loaded with dates explodes in the early evening in the center of the Shiite farming village Huweder, Iraq. Some 35 persons are injured. — (051029)
2005 At least 58 persons by 3 explosions in New Delhi, India: in a motorcycle parked in front of a shop in Cheh Tuti area at the downtown Paharganj market at 17:38 (12:08 UT) (11 killed, 60 injured), and in South Delhi at the Sarojini Nagar Market at 17:50 (12:20 UT) and on the Bahari Mudrika bus, traveling from Uttamnagar, on the 104-km Outer Mudrika route, in the Govindpuri area of Okhla in South Delhi at at 17:55 (12:25 UT). More than 70 persons are injured, including, severely the driver of the bus, Kuldeep Singh, 32, who attempts to open a suspicious bag which explodes after most passengers get off, he is made blind and deaf. The markets were crowded with shoppers preparing for the Diwali festival (30 Oct - 03 Nov, this year). — (051104)
2005 Some 120 persons after the locomotive and 7 cars of the Repalle-Secunderabad Delta Fast passenger train derail at 04:30 (23:00 UT on 28 Oct 2005) of tracks which had just been swept away by a flash flood and falls into a stream near Gollapalli village between the Ramannapet and Valligonda stations in the Nadikudi-Bibinagar section of the South Central Railway, in the Nalgond district of Andhra Pradesh state, India. — (051031)
2002 Linoi Saroussi, 14, Hadas Turgeman, 14, Orna Eshel, 53, and a Palestinian, of the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, who, at 22:30, crawls under the fence of the Hermesh enclave settlement in the West Bank, shoots the two girls who were walking by, then fires in a house, wounding Orna Eshel (who later dies of her wounds) and her husband. He wounds two more persons. Then Israeli settlers and soldiers shoot the intruder.
2002 All 3 crew members and the 1 passenger, an officer, aboard Russian Mi-8 helicopter, shot down by a missile, at 30 m altitude, about to land at the Russian base at Khankala, in occupied Chechnya..
2002 Some 80 persons in fire at the 6-story International Trading Center in Ho Chi Minh City. The building housed offices of foreign companies, some 50 shops, and the popular Blue Disco, which has been attacked recently in the state-controlled press for condoning "social evils" such as drug use, and where it is suggested that the fire started. 150 persons are injured.
2001 Six Vietnamese boys by Vietnam-War-era M79 mortar shell exploding as they try to defuse it to sell it as scrap metal, at a former South Vietnamese army barracks in the Dien Khanh, Khanh Hoa province. One other of the eight boys in the group is injured, one is unhurt.
1993 Bers, mathematician
1985 Lifshitz, mathematician
1990 William French Smith, 73, US attorney general (1980), from cancer.
1975 Charles Dillon “Casey” Stengel, born 30 July 1891, US professional baseball player and manager who began his career in 1910 and retired in 1965.
1972 Airport employee, killed by Palestinian guerrillas as they hijack to Cuba a plane with 27 passengers. They force West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich Olympic Massacre.
1957 Louis B Mayer, 71, MGM producer.
1950 Gustav V, born Oscar Gustaf Adolf on 16 June 1858, king of Sweden since the death of his father Oscar II [21 Jan 1829 – 08 Dec 1907].
1942 Some 16'000 Jews, massacred in Pinsk, Russia.
1936 Se fusila en Aravaca, en el marco de la Guerra Civil española, a una treintena de personas, entre las que se encuentran Ramiro de Maeztu y Ramiro Ledesma Ramos.
1933 Paul Painlevé, born 05 December 1863, French politician, mathematician, and patron of aviation who was prime minister at a crucial period of World War I and again during the 1925 financial crisis.
1933 George Benjamin Luks, US Ashcan school painter, born on 13 August 1867. MORE ON LUKS AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1931 Koenigs, mathematician
1914 Guccia, mathematician
1911 Joseph Pulitzer, US newspaperman, in Charleston, SC
1901 Leon Czolgosz, 28, anarchist executed on the electric chair, for having on 06 September 1901 shot President McKinley, who died of the wounds on 14 September 1901. AT THE THRESHOLD (of the Hall of Martyrs) Details and editorial cartoon about the McKinley assassination.
1897 Henry George, author. GEORGE ONLINE: Progress and Poverty (abridged)
1875 Amasa Walker, author. AMASA WALKER ONLINE: The Science of Wealth: A Manual of Political Economy
1860 Gaetano Errico [19 Oct 1791–] (^ images >), Italian priest, founder of the Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary. He was canonized on 12 October 2008 by Pope Benedict XVI [16 Apr 1927~] —(081011)
1812 Claudio Francisco de Malet, general francés.
1804 George Morland, London painter born on 26 June 1763. MORE ON MORLAND AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1795 The dead of the battle of Mainz, in which the Austrian field marshal count von Clerfayt [14 Oct 1733 – 19 Jul 1798] defeats the French army commanded by Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, whom he had already defeated at Höchst on 11 October 1795.
1783 Jean d'Alembert, mathematician.
1650 David Calderwood, born in 1575, Scottish Presbyterian minister, historian of the Church of Scotland.
1268 Conradin, born on 25 March 1252, the last of the German Hohenstaufen dynasty, duke of Swabia, king of the Romans, and claimant to the throne of Sicily. The leading hope of the antipapal Italian Ghibellines, he led an expedition into Italy in 1267 in an unsuccessful attempt to regain Sicily from Charles of Anjou.
1966 National Organization for Women of the US is founded
1942 Alaska highway completed
1934 Ángel Duarte Valverde, político y abogado ecuatoriano.
1933 La Falange Española se funda en Madrid.
1932 R[onald] B[rooks] Kitaj, US Pop painter and printmaker. MORE ON KITAJ AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1932 French liner Normandie is launched
1929 André Brasilier, French artist.
1925 Klaus Roth, mathematician.
1924 Zbigniew Herbert, one of the leading Polish poets of the post-World War II generation. He died on 28 July 1998.
1921 William Henry Mauldin US. He joined the Army newsletter Stars and Stripes as a cartoonist during World War II. There he perfected Joe and Willie, the muddy, weary "dogfaces" who portrayed the drabness of the foot soldier's life. Despised by the conservative brass as disrespectful but loved by G.I.s as their own, the cartoons won Bill Mauldin a 1945 Pulitzer Prize. A self-styled "stirrer-upper," Mauldin joined the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in 1958. Dubbed "the hottest editorial brush in the US," he won his second Pulitzer Prize that year. Syndicated in over 250 newspapers, Bill Mauldin battled injustice and pretense with irony and humor. He died on 22 January 2003. On his military police cartoons About Bill Mauldin and his cartoons 2 Willie and Joe cartoons I can't git no lower, Willie. Me buttons is in the way.
1920 Baruj Benacerraf, profesor e investigador estadounidense de origen venezolano, Nobel de Medicina 1980.
1912 Bruno Cassinari, Italian painter and sculptor who died on 27 March 1992. more with links to three images.
1910 Alfred J Ayer England, Neopositivist philosopher/logician
1906 Fredric Brown American writer (US Army in Transition)
1905 Henry Green, novelist (Living, Party Going)
1903 Mieczyslaw Jastrun, Polish lyric poet and essayist whose work represents a constant quest for new poetic forms of expression. He died on 23 February 1983.
1900 Frederic L. Godot, Swiss theologian best known in America for his Commentary on John. Not related to the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett.
1897 Paul Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi Propaganda Minister, generally accounted responsible for presenting a false favorable image of the Nazi regime to the German people. In Hitler's bunker, on 01 May 1945, he and his wife killed their six children and then both committed suicide. [caricature >]
1889 Edward Alexander Wadsworth, British painter who died on 21 June 1949. MORE ON WADSWORTH AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1884 Fred Lazarus Jr., US merchandiser who died on 27 May 1973.
1882 Jean Giraudoux Bellac (Haute Vienne) France, dramatist, novelist and diplomat, famous for his book Tiger at the Gates, plays Églantine, Provinciales.
1879 Franz von Papen, German officer and politician, chancellor in 1932. He died on 02 May 1969.
1873 Guillermo Valencia Colombia, poet/translator/statesman
1863 Intl Comm of the Red Cross founded (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963) 1863 The International Red Cross is founded at conference which begins this day in Geneva and first Geneva convention signed.
1855 Hugo Karl Wilhelm Schnars-Alquist, German artist who died in 1939
1854 Gaston de la Touche, French painter and printmaker who died on 12 July 1913. MORE ON DE LA TOUCHE AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1832 Narcisa de Jesús Martillo Morán [– 08 Dec 1869] (image >>>), lay woman of Ecuador who made private vows of virginity, poverty, obedience, life as a cloistered hermit, fasting on bread and water, confession, mortification, prayer, and daily comunion. She was canonized on 12 October 2008 by Pope Benedict XVI [16 Apr 1927~] —(081011)
1813 The Demologos, the first steam-powered warship, launched in New York City.
1656 Edmond Halley, astrónomo y matemático inglés.
1652 Jan Wyck, Dutch Baroque painter, is born in Haarlem; he moved to England early in his life and died there on 17 May 1700. more with links to images.
1507 Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, III duque de Alba, militar y político español. Duque de Alba.