a 14 October:
2001 Midterm elections in Argentina for all 72 Senate
seats, half of the Chamber of Deputies' 257 seats, and places in most
of the 23 provincial legislatures.
1996 The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 6000 for the first time (at 6010).
1996 Chrysler Corporation announces that it had record net earnings of $680 million for the third quarter. Not only were 1996 sales of RAM pickup trucks way up, but company officials managed to keep the factory lines rolling by making a labor deal with the United Auto Workers. Chrysler's stock makes a $1.00 gain, to a close of $32.75.
1969 Race riots in Springfield, Massachusetts.
1968 Gruener & Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas
1968 J.R. Hines of US runs 100 m in world record 9.95 sec
| 1958 Malagasy Republic becomes autonomous republic
in French Community
1953 Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment
1950 Rev Sun Young Moon liberated from Hung Nam prison
1950 Chinese Communist Forces begin to infiltrate the North Korean Army.
1949 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
1947 Air Force test pilot Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager, in the experimental Bell X-One rocket plane over Edwards Air Force Base in California, makes 1st supersonic flight (Mach 1.015)
1933 The Geneva disarmament conference breaks up as Germany proclaims withdrawal from the disarmament initiative, as well as from the League of Nations, effective October 23. This begins German policy of independent action in foreign affairs.
1922 1st automated telephones-Pennsylvania exchange in NYC
1922 Lieutenant Lester James Maitland breaks the 200-mile-per-hour airplane speed barrier at the national airplane meet held at Selfridge Field in Mount Clemens, Michigan. Maitland flies a Curtiss pursuit plane with a 375-horsepower engine at a speed of 216.1 miles-per-hour for thirty miles.
1920 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1843 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
1774 1st Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights (Phila)
1773 Britain's East India Company tea ships' cargo is burned at Annapolis, Md.
1735 Methodist pioneer John Wesley first sets sail to America, to minister to the Indians under Georgia Governor Oglethorpe. On this same date, Wesley begins keeping his famous, 55-year-long journal, whose last entry would be dated 24 October 1790.
1705 The English Navy captures Barcelona in Spain.
1656 The first punitive legislation in Massachusetts against Quakers is enacted. (The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism made them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive).
1651 Laws are passed in Massachusetts forbidding the poor to adopt excessive styles of dress.
1586 Mary Queen of Scots on trial for alleged conspiracy against Elizabeth.
2005 Risha Lafferty, 5-month-old daughter, from a fractured skull suffered when her father, Jay D. Decker, 26, dropped her on her head, at Edgewood Homes, 1600 Haskell Avenue, in Lawrence, Kansas. The baby had also numerous bruises inflicted by Decker, while her mother, Brandi Mae Hendrickson, 24, was working. Hendrickson pleaded to a misdemeanor charge of endangering her child by failing to report suspicious injuries. On 03 January 2007, Decker was sentenced to life in prison in Douglas County District Court. On 15 October 2008, the Kansas Supreme Court heard Decker’s appeal. —(081015)
2004 Marie Franklin, 79, from having collapsed and struck her head the previous day when she sought shade, leaving the line where she had stood for more than give hours outside a Safeway supermarket in Lafayette, California, waiting for a flu shot.
2004 Six persons, including a suicide bomber of Tawhid-and-Jihad at an outdoor market in Baghdad, Iraq, inside the Green Zone, the 10-sq-km central neighborhood surrounded by barricades and checkpoints to protect the headquarters of the US occupation forces and of their Iraqi puppet government, and where some 10'000 Iraqis live. Three persons are injured.
2004 Two persons, including a suicide bomber of Tawhid-and-Jihad, at the Green Zone Cafe in Baghdad, Iraq, inside the Green Zone.
2004 A US soldier, by a roadside bomb on the east side of Baghdad, Iraq. Two US soldiers are wounded.
2004 Dina Mahmoud, in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad, Iraq. She was working for Kurdish-run Al-Hurriya TV.
2004 Two Iraqi puppet Army officers, in a drive-by shooting in Baqouba as they head to work., said Iraqi Interior Ministry spokesman Col. Adnan Abdul Rahman. The two had also served in the army during Saddam Hussein's regime, he said. A day earlier, a police captain was killed in a drive-by shooting in the city.
2004 Two unarmed Palestinians, by an Israel Air Force missile in the Rafah refugee camp, Gaza Strip, in the early hours.
2002 Linda Gail Franklin, 47, by a single .223-caliber bullet from high-powered rifle X, at 21:15, in the parking of a Home Depot at the Seven Corners shopping center near Falls Church, Virginia, 10 km from Washington DC. Police immediately close for three hours neighboring higways backing up traffic more than 15 km, but do not find trace of the killer [photo: Route 50, shopping center in background >]. Linda Franklin [< photo] was with her computer network engineer husband Ted, loading purchases into their car. She was a breast cancer survivor undergoing physical therapy for a 2001 double mastectomy. Since shortly after the FBI National Infrastructure Protection Center was created in 1998, she was an intelligence operations specialist there. Eight previous rifle X killings and two woundings have occured since 02 October. About 400 FBI agents, trainees and counter-terrorism agents have been assigned to the case. Organized terrorism should be suspected, in my opinion, considering how successful those killings are in causing media overcoverage and police overreaction, thus disrupting the Washington area and resulting in enormous economic loss.
2002 Daniela Nunzi, 49, and Antonio Schilirò, 51, her husband, an ex army sergeant, who, in the evening, stabs her to death and then himself, after a discussion about her drug-addicted son (in prison for misdemeanors), in via Marforio 20, quartiere periferico del Casilino, Roma.
2001 Abed-Rahman Hamad, shot on the roof of his house Qalqilya, West Bank by the border with Israel and the West Bank. Shortly after the killing, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's office released a statement saying Hamad, regional leader of the militant Islamic group Hamas, was responsible for directing deadly attacks in Israel, including the 01 June 2001 suicide attack at a Tel Aviv disco that killed 22, mostly Israeli teen-agers.
2000: 13 persons by a mudslide caused by heavy rains in the Swiss Alpine village of Gondo.
1995 Bernard Safran, US Canadian Contemporary Realist painter born on 03 June 1924, one of the few real artists alive after 1933. — links to biography and images.
1990 Leonard Bernstein, 72, conductor, composer (West Side Story)
1983 US Marine peacekeeper Sgt Allen Soifert killed by sniper in Beirut
1977 Bing Crosby, 74, of a heart attack, in Madrid, Spain
1971 Two persons killed in Memphis racial disturbances
1959 Errol Flynn actor
1956 Jules Richard, mathematician
1917 Nathaniel Hone II, Irish artist born on 26 October 1831. — more
1875 Anton van Isendyck, Belgian artist born on 13 January 1801.
1870 Georg Bergmann, German artist born on 06 April 1819.
1844 Jan Baptiste de Jonghe, Flemish artist born on 08 January 1785. — more with links to two images.
1832 A trapper, by Blackfeet Indians attacking American Fur Company trappers near Montana's Jefferson River.
1669 Domenico Fiasella il Sarzana (or Sarazana), Italian artist born in 1589 or 1586.
1983 The Inclusive Language Lectionary is issued by the National Council of Churches. In it, scripture readings are translated to omit or blur gender references. God is thus called "Father and Mother" or "the One"; and "mankind" was replaced by "humanity" or "humankind. The translation would prove shortlived.
1938 John W. Dean III, White House counsel, Watergate figure
1916 C. Everett Koop, US Surgeon General.(1981-1989)
1905 Eugene Fodor, Hungarian-born travel writer.
1895 Silas “Si” Simmons, US Black who would be a baseball player rising to the Negro League (1922-1929). He would celebrate his 111th birthday, at which time he was the oldest former professional baseball player of all times, the 5th-oldest man and the 17th-oldest person in the US, and the 56th-oldest person in the world, while the oldest person in the world was Elizabeth “Lizzie” Bolden [15 Aug 1890 ~] of Tennessee (also Black). —(061014)
1894 (Edward Estlin) e. e. cummings, Cambridge Mass, poet (Tulips & Chimneys), playwright (Him, Santa Claus); writer (The Enormous Room). He died on 03 September 1962.
1890 Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower Denison, Tx (R) 5-star US army general: Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in World War II; 34th US President (1953-1961) He died on 28 March 1969.
1888 Katherine Mansfield New Zealand, short story writer (Aloe, Garden Party)
1884 Transparent paper-strip photographic film is patented by George Eastman.
1882 Eamon DeValera, NY, Irish politician and patriot; prime minister (1932-1948; 1951-1954) and president (1957-1959). He died on 29 August 1975.
1868 Padoa, mathematician
1867 Masaoka Shiki Japan, haiku & tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
1808 Simon Saint-Jean, French painter, specialized in still life and flowers, who died on 03 July 1860. MORE ON SAINT~JEAN AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1801 Plateau, mathematician.
1712 George Grenville, English first lord of the Treasury (1763-65). He died on 13 November 1770.
1687 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician who died on 01 October 1768. He worked mostly at restoring the work of the early Greek geometers, such as Euclid and Apollonius of Perga. The Simson line is erroneously named after him; it appears nowhere in his work, but is due to a theorem of William Wallace: If P is a point on the circle circumscribed to a triangle, the feet of the perpendiculars to the three side of the triangle lie on a straight line, the Simson line. [diagram >]
1644 William Penn, English Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers. He died on 30 July 1718.
1633 James II king of England (1685-88) who died on 06 September 1701.
1618 Sir Peter Lely (original name Pieter van der Faes), Dutch English Baroque portrait painter known for his Van Dyck-influenced likenesses of the mid-17th-century English aristocracy.. He died in 1680. MORE ON LELY AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1593 Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen, Dutch artist who died in 1664 or 1665. MORE ON JANSSENS AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.