a 07 October:
2005 It is announced that the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize will be shared by the International Atomic Energy Agency [29 Jul 1957~] and its director (since 01 Dec 1997), Mohamed el-Baradei [17 Jun 1942~], “for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”.
2004 King Norodom Sihanouk [31 Oct 1922~] of Cambodia abdicates.
2004 It is announced that the 2004 Nobel Prize in Literature will go to Austrian writer Elfriede Jelinek [20 Oct 1946~] "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power". She is best known for her autobiographical novel The Piano Teacher.
2003 In California, election to recall Democratic Governor Gray Davis [26 Dec 1942~]. As expected, a majority of the votes are for recalling Davis. Political consultants, TV and other advertising media are some $40 million richer thanks to the campaign leading up to the recall election. There are 135 candidates on the ballot to replace Davis (to the 06 Jan 2007 end of his 4-year term) in case he lost, but none whose surname begins with an O, X, or Y. The total of the votes for 134 of the candidates does not quite equal those received by the winner. California will get a governor whose surname begins with an S, followed by 13 letters. His main qualification for office is that he starred in many violent action movies. But, unlike a previous actor who became governor of that weird state, he will not become President of the US (unless a new constitutional amendment permits it), for he was born in Austria. He is Arnold Schwarzenegger, but, despite the surname, he is not Black (in German schwarz means black, and negger... well, you figure it).— Up-to-date summary of results — Up-to-date results for all the candidates
2003 The 2003 Nobel Prize for Physics is announced to go to Alexei Alexeyevich. Abrikosov [25 Jun 1928~] and Anthony James Leggett [26 Mar 1938~], of the US, and Vitaly L. Ginzburg [04 Oct 1916~] of Russia for "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids".
2002 Following a forecast of third-quarter core earnings down 19% from the previous year, and a 43% drop on European stock exchanges, the American Depositary Receipts of office supply company Buhrmann (BUH), on the New York Stock Exchange, drop from their previous close of $5.19 to an intraday low of 2.82, and close at $3.09. They had traded as high as $13.62 on 18 March 2002 and #3 on 03 July 2000. [4~year price chart >] Headquartered in Amsterdam, Buhrmann NV is an international business-to-business services and distribution group and is the world's major supplier of office products, paper and graphic systems.
2002 Healthcare supply management company Omnicel (OMCL) forecasts dismal earnings. On the NASDAQ its shares 260'000 OF 22 million. drop from a previous close of $4.81 to an intraday low of $2.49 and closes at $2.65. It had started trading on 06 August 2001 at $9.52 and peaked at $10.50 on 06 December 2001. [< 2~year price chart]
2002 The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet decides to award The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2002 jointly to Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz and John E. Sulston for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death, by the study of 1-mm-long worm Caenorhabditis elegans [shown above, enlarged 1000 X]. // Brenner's work with C. Elegans // Horvitz's study of Caenorhabditis elegans
| 2001 The first military response to the 11 September
2001 terrorrist attacks on the US starts at about 21:00 Kabul time (16:30
UT), with US air attacks (and missiles from a UK submarine) in Kabul, Jalalabad,
Kandahar and other places in Afghanistan of military value to Osama bin
Laden's al~Qaida organization and the Taliban regime which hosts it.
2001 A British woman faces expulsion from the United States after losing her husband in the 11 September attacks on New York, because her right to live in the country died with her husband. Deena Gilbey, 37, relied on her husband Paul for her right to live in the United States because she was listed as a "dependent" on his work visa. Officials wrote to her days after the attack to say her right to live in the US was being withdrawn. "My husband was murdered in this country, his remains are still there somewhere at Ground Zero, and now the US government is killing us all over again," Gilbey told the Sunday Telegraph newspaper. Gilbey said she had called the Immigration and Naturalization Service to check on her status after receiving the letter. She says they told her that she was an illegal alien. Gilbey also told the paper that she had learned from a probate lawyer that she is liable for sixty percent tax on her husband's life insurance because she is neither a citizen nor a Green Card immigrant. Gilbey, from Southend in Essex in eastern England said it threatened the loss of her New Jersey home which she shares with her sons Mason, 3, and Maxwell, 7. "The little boys are traumatized and now they want to take our home from us. We did things properly, so if something happened to Paul I could bring up the kids in our own home, and now it is going to be impossible to do that," she said.
2000 Vojislav Kostunica took the oath of office as Yugoslavia's first popularly elected president, closing the turbulent era of Slobodan Milosevic.
| 1998 The Arabic newspaper al-Hayat claims that
Osama bin Laden has acquired nuclear weapons from Soviet Central Asian countries
using a network of "influential friends". Others are skeptical.
1997 Sun files a lawsuit against Microsoft, accusing Microsoft of attempting to disrupt Java development by distributing a version of Java that was incompatible with that used by the rest of the industry. Sun sought a court injunction to prevent Microsoft from using a "Java compatible" logo on its new browser.
1996 University of Oklahoma law professor Anita Hill publicly accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriate comments in her presence when she worked for him, and urged the US Senate to investigate her claims. Thomas denied Hill's allegations.
1996 The effects of a Canadian Auto Workers strike against General Motors spread across the border as 1850 workers were laid off at two US parts plants.
1996 The Irish Republican Army detonates two car bombs inside the British army's headquarters in Northern Ireland, wounding 31 people.
1993 This year's IgNobel Prizes are awarded in the following fields:
John Mack of Harvard Medical School and David Jacobs of Temple University, mental visionaries, for their leaping conclusion that people who believe they were kidnapped by aliens from outer space, probably were -- and especially for their conclusion "the focus of the abduction is the production of children.
Ron Popeil, incessant inventor and perpetual pitchman of late night television, for redefining the industrial revolution with such devices as the Veg-O-Matic, the Pocket Fisherman, Mr. Microphone, and the Inside-the-Shell Egg Scrambler. [REFERENCE: "The Salesman of the Century : Inventing, Marketing, and Selling on TV : How I Did It and How You Can Too!"]
Paul Williams Jr. of the Oregon State Health Division and Kenneth W. Newell of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, bold biological detectives, for their pioneering study, "Salmonella Excretion in Joy-Riding Pigs."
Ravi Batra of Southern Methodist University, shrewd economist and best-selling author of "The Great Depression of 1990" ($17.95) and "Surviving the Great Depression of 1990" ($18.95), for selling enough copies of his books to single-handedly prevent worldwide economic collapse.
The Pepsi-Cola Company of the Phillipines, suppliers of sugary hopes and dreams, for sponsoring a contest to create a millionaire, and then announcing the wrong winning number, thereby inciting and uniting 800'000 riotously expectant winners, and bringing many warring factions together for the first time in their nation's history.
Presented jointly to Jay Schiffman of Farmington Hills, Michigan, crack inventor of AutoVision, an image projection device that makes it possible to drive a car and watch television at the same time, and to the Michigan state legislature, for making it legal to do so.
James Campbell and Gaines Campbell of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, dedicated deliverers of fragrance, for inventing scent strips, the odious method by which perfume is applied to magazine pages.
E. Topol, R. Califf, F. Van de Werf, P. W. Armstrong, and their 972 co-authors, for publishing a medical research paper which has one hundred times as many authors as pages. [in The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 329, no. 10, September 2, 1993, pp. 673-82. The authors are from the following countries: Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States.] [additional details.]
Robert Faid of Greenville, South Carolina, farsighted and faithful seer of statistics, for calculating the exact odds (710'609'175'188'282'000 to 1) that Mikhail Gorbachev is the Antichrist. ["Gorbachev! Has the Real Antichrist Come?"]
Louis Kervran of France, ardent admirer of alchemy, for his conclusion that the calcium in chickens' eggshells is created by a process of cold fusion. ["Biological Transmutations and their applications in: Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Ecology, Medicine, Nutrition, Agronomy, Geology"]
James F. Nolan, Thomas J. Stillwell, and John P. Sands, Jr., medical men of mercy, for their painstaking research report, "Acute Management of the Zipper-Entrapped Penis." [Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol. 8, no. 3, May/June 1990, pp. 305-7.]
| 1990 Israel begins handing out gas masks to its citizens
1988 Latvian flag raised in Riga for 1st time since annexation by USSR
1979 Final day of the fall round up and trail drive for the Ninety-Six Ranch, Humbolt County, Nevada.
1963 US President Kennedy signed the documents of ratification for a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.
| 1959 Far side of Moon seen for 1st time, compliments
of USSR's Luna 3
1958 Potter Stewart appointed to US Supreme Court
1957 A fire in the Windscale plutonium production reactor (later called Sellafield) north of Liverpool, England, spreads radioactive iodine and polonium through the countryside and into the Irish Sea. Livestock in the immediate area were destroyed, along with 2 million liters of milk. At least 30, and possibly as many as 1000, cancer deaths were subsequently linked to the accident.
1942 In the Dachau concentration camp, Polish priest Father Leo Miechalowski is forced to undergo a "medical" experiment in which he is placed in a tub of ice water for about an hour and a half. On other occasions the Nazi experimenters deliberately infected him with malaria.
1931 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
1924 160 consecutive days of 38ºC+ at Marble Bar, Australia begin
1922 The first program to be broadcast by a network of radio stations is the World Series, played at New York's Polo Grounds, broadcast by a Newark, New Jersey, station teamed up with a station in Schenectady, New York.
1908 Crete revolts against Turkey and aligns with Greece
1887 Scandale. On découvre que le gendre du président de la République Jules Grévy, un certain Daniel Wilson, fait un trafic de Légions d'honneur à l'Elysée même, où, selon un chroniqueur, il a créé un "ministère des Recommandations et Démarches". Un journal titre : "Jadis on était décoré et content. Aujourd'hui on n'est décoré que comptant!".
1886 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
1871 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
1870 French Minister of the Interior Léon Gambetta escapes besieged Paris by balloon, reaching the French provisional government in Tours. -- Ministre du gouvernement de Défense Nationale, Léon Gambetta quitte Paris assiègé. Il veut se rendre à Tours pour y organiser la défense du pays. Lorsqu'il quitte la capitale en ballon, la situation y est dramatique. Les prussiens encerclent la ville. Celle-ci ne reçoit plus de ravitaillement et connaît une épouvantable famine. L'éléphant du Jardin des Plantes et tous les chats ont déjà été mangés, maintenant c'est le tour des rats.
1864 Battle of Darbytown Road, Virginia
1864 The Union warship Wachusett captures the famed Confederate raider Florida while the Rebel ship is in port at Bahia, Brazil. After the Yankee crew sailed the Florida out to sea, the Brazilian government protested the invasion of its neutrality. The Union returned the ship and crew to the Confederate government, but the Florida sunk six weeks later off Hampton Roads, Virginia.
1826 Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
1765 Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York: delegates from nine of the American colonies discuss how to respond to the hated Stamp Act.
1425 Traité de Saumur. Quoiqu'il ne soit encore que le Dauphin et que son royaume soit dérisoirement appelé le royaume de Bourges, Charles reçoit l'hommage du duc de Bretagne Jean V.
--3761 -BC- Origin of Jewish Mundane Era.
2006 Anya Stepanovna Politkovskaya [30 Aug 1958–], shot, probably by contracted murderers, in an elevator in her apartment building in Moscow. She was a Russian investigative journalist about to publish in Novaya Gazeta a story about torture and abductions in Chechnya, as she had done frequently before. She was born Anna Mazepa in 1958 in New York City, where her Soviet Ukrainian parents were diplomats at the United Nations. Investigating her murder, Russian dissident Alexander Litvinenko [1962~], was severely poisoned with thallium, in London on 01 November 2006. —(061120)
2004 Israelis Roei Avisaf, 28; and women Michal Alexander, 29, and Einat Naor, 28; and a suicide can bomber by explosion, at 22:15 (20:15 UT) in the Moon Island half of the Ras Shitan beach side camping area, crowded with Israelis, near the town of Nuweiba, south of Taba, Egypt. Some 40 persons are injured. An almost simultaneous suicide car bomber in the other half of the same camping area, Mubarak Beach, causes no other casualties, as it explodes after backing up from a guard.
2004 Israelis Hafez al-Hafi, 39; and Khalil Zeitunya, 9; Italian sisters Jessica Rinauda, 28, and Sabrina Rinaudo, 29; and some 35 other persons, including suicide truck bomber, at 21:50 (19:50 UT) at the Hilton hotel in Taba, Egypt, at the Israeli border, where many Israelis were vacationing in disregard of the 09 September 2004 warning by the Israeli government not to go to that region (the Sinai peninsula) because of expected terrorism. 124 persons are injured. Most of the casualties are Israeli, some are Egyptian, and a very few Russian or Italian. — Khalil Zeitunya's biological father died on 07 October 1994 during a hunting trip when his jeep overturned; Khalil was born premature shortly afterwards; his widowed mother then married his father's brother.
2004 Palestinian boy, 13, from wounds sustained the previous week from an Israeli missile in the Jabalya refugee camp, Gaza Strip.
2004 Suleiman Abu Foul, 14; and Raed Abu Zeid, 15, by missile from an Israeli helicopter, as the two boys, with an empty tube and gasoline-filled bottles, the two boys “play” (?) at being resistance fighters firing a Qassam rocket, just outside the Jabalya refugee camp, Gaza Strip.
2004 Some 40 persons, in Multan, Pakistan, among the 3000 who were beginning to disperse after attending an overnight meeting for the anniversary of the assassination, on the outskirts of Islamabad, of the maulana Azam Tariq [15 Mar 1962 – 06 Oct 2003], Wahabi leader of the outlawed Sunni Muslim terrorist group Sipah-e-Sahaba. There are two explosions by remote control the first at 04:40 of a bomb in a car, then at 04:42 of a bomb on a motorcycle. A stampede follows and contributes to causing the injuries to more than 100 persons.
2003 Arthur Berger, US composer and music critic born on 15 May 1912. His autobiography is Reflections of an American Composer (2002).
2002 Col. Rajeh Abu Lehiya, 47, head of Palestinian riot police, kidnapped and murdered by masked gunmen led by Hamas activist Emad Akel, in revenge for his brother Raed's death in 2001 at the hands of Palestinian police during a Gaza City demonstration against the US attack on Osama bin Laden and the Taliban in Afghanistan. Today the Akel gunmen disguised as police officers set up a fake roadblock and abducted Abu Lehiya when his car stopped, later killing him with 10 gunshots. In clashes that followed, police killed two Hamas gunmen in a group that freed while the killers they were arresting in Gaza City. Two other persons died when police fired on a pro-Hamas protest in the Nusseirat refugee camp, where the Akel family lives. 15 persons were injured.
2002:: 16 Palestinians, aged 14 to 52, in an Israeli attack by the Givati Brigade infantry troops, combat engineers, some 40 tanks and armored vehicles, and helicopters, starting shortly after midnight on into the al-Amal neighborhood on the west side of Khan Younis, Gaza Strip. Ten of the deaths were from a helicopter missile that hit a crowd which came out on the streets when they heard the tanks leaving at 04:30 (02:30 UT). Some 80 Palestinians are wounded, 4 of them when the Israeli troops fired at the Naser hospital in Khan Younis, where most of the other wounded had been brought..The Reuters body count of the al-Aqsa intifada now is at least 1594 Palestinians and 602 Israelis.
2002 Ed Rossbach, 88, US fiber artist who used nontraditional textile materials, foil, plastic bags, Mylar, twigs, staples and twine in his artwork. Author of two books on basket weaving.
2001 Herbert L. Block Herblock, Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist born on 13 October 1909. — links to two articles.
2000 Fahed Mustafa Bacher ‘Odeh, 23, Palestinian killed by gunfire from Israeli settlers, in the village of Bidia, Qalqilya district, West Bank.
1995 Olga Taussky-Todd, Jewish Austrian US mathematician born on 30 August 1906. She was a computer pioneer, and also worked on matrix theory, group theory, algebraic number theory, numerical analysis.
1963:: 7190 victims of Hurricane Flora in Haiti and Dominican Republic
1953 Emil Filla, Czech painter, printmaker, sculptor, writer, and collector, born on 04 April 1882. MORE ON FILLA AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1946 Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson, English painter born on 13 August 1889. MORE ON NEVINSON AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to, and comments on images.
1931 Charles Ricketts, English painter, designer, writer, and collector, born on 02 October 1866, illustrator of Wilde's The Sphinx . — more
1918 Pierre-Maurice-Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French sculptor and draftsman born on 05 November 1876. — more
1904 Isabella Lucy Bird (Mrs. Bishop), author. BIRD ONLINE: The Hawaiian Archipelago: Six Months Among the Palm Groves, Coral Reefs, and Volcanoes of the Sandwich Islands, A Lady's Life in the Rocky Mountains, A Lady's Life in the Rocky Mountains, Unbeaten Tracks in Japan
1903 Rudolf Otto Sigismund Lipschitz, German mathematician born on 14 May 1832. He is remembered for the "Lipschitz condition", an inequality that guarantees a unique solution to the differential equation y' = f (x, y).
1895 William Wetmore Story, author. STORY ONLINE: Graffiti d'Italia, He and She: or, A Poet's Portfolio, Nature and Art: A Poem, A Roman Lawyer in Jerusalem, First Century
1890 John Hill Hewitt, author. HEWITT ONLINE: War: A Poem, WIth Copious Notes, Founded on the Revolution of 1861-62, (up to the Battles before Richmond, Inclusive)
1737 300'000 drowned as 12-meter waves sink 20'000 small in Bengal, India.
1719 Pierre Rémond de Montmort, Parisian mathematician born on 27 October 1678. Author of Essay d'analyse sur les jeux de hazard (1708).
1690 Arent van Ravesteyn, Dutch artist born in 1625.
1577 George Gascoigne. GASCOIGNE ONLINE: author of The Posies, The Steele Glas and The Complaynte of Philomene, translator of Ariosto's Supposes, co-translator of Euripides's Jocasta
0336 St. Mark, Pope. He ruled only a few months at a time when the church was battling serious problems with Arianism. He ordained many bishops and deacons.
2000 Presidential Marathon: In Moscow, former Russian President Boris Yeltsin [(01 Feb 1931 – 23 Apr 2007] presents this, his third book. Yeltsin accepts responsibility for the "necessary" Chechnya war, approves of his chosen successor Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin [07 Oct 1952~], recognizes the major role of his predecessor Gorbachev [02 Mar 1931~], but dislikes him. —(071005)
1943 Oliver North, military man (Contra hearings)
1935 Thomas M Keneally Australia, novelist, author of Schindler's Ark, the basis for the film Schindler's List. (also Blood Red Sister Rose)
1934 Leroi Jones (Imamu Amiri Baraka), playwright.
1931 , Anglican Archbishop of South Africa (Nobel Peace Prize 1982)
1907 Helen MacInnes, writer.
1906 James E Webb head of NASA (1961-68)
1900 Heinrich Himmler, Nazi leader, mass murderer.
1896 Elijah Muhammad famous African
1888 Henry A. Wallace (D/P) 33rd VP of US, Progressive Party presidential candidate
1879 Leon Trotsky Russian revolutionary leader/writer (Diary in Exile)
1859 Gustav Gunnar Nils Wentzel, Norwegian artist who died on 10 February 1927. MORE ON WENTZEL AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images and comments in Norwegian on one of them.
1856 John White Alexander, US Symbolist painter and illustrator who died on 01 June 1915. MORE ON ALEXANDER AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1856 Rafael Senet Pérez, Spanish artist who died in 1926.
1850 Léon Herbo, French artist who died in 1907.
1654 Jan-Baptist Huysmans, Flemish artist who died on 14 July 1716. links to images
1601 de Beaune, mathematician