a 29 November:
2004 A view of a “liberated” part of Fallujah, Iraq, while US troops continue attacking insurgents, and killing some civilians “accidentally” or because they might be insurgents, in other parts of the city.
2002 Il Papa Giovanni Paolo II, nell'udienza alla Pontificia Università Urbaniana [foto >], volge lo sguardo con sofferenza sul mondo di oggi che come dimostrano i recenti, feroci attentati continua ad essere lacerato ed in balia dell'odio: “ La violenza, il terrorismo, la guerra costruiscono nuovi muri tra i popoli”.
2002 Hoping for diminished attention from the public on this Friday following Thanksgiving US minority-president George “Dubya” Bush announces by E-mail that he is using his [creepingly dictatorial] “authority” to deny civilian Federal employees the pay raise they were to receive starting on 01 January 2003, limiting it to 3.1%. (he does not cut the military's 4.1% increase in pay). His pretext: “A national emergency has existed since Sept. 11, 2001. Such cost increases would threaten our efforts against terrorism or force deep cuts in discretionary spending or federal employment to stay within budget. Neither outcome is acceptable.” Dubya ignores his own administration's estimate that Federal workers earn an average of 18.6% less than private workers in similar jobs. Dubya cuts the increase in locality pay, intended to reduce that salary gap in more than 30 metrolitan areas, including New York, Boston, San Francisco, Dallas, Houston, Cincinnati, Orlando, Kansas City, and Washington DC. After citing the current 2.1% inflation rate in the US, the arrogant minority-president adds: “I do not believe this decision will materially affect our ability to continue to attract and retain a quality federal work force.” And he does not even have the excuse of being a moron! (On 26 November 2002, Françoise Ducros, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien's communications director, resigned after she was overheard, on 20 November at the NATO summit meeting in Prague, saying about Dubya: “Quel crétin!”)
1999 Protestant and Catholic adversaries form a common Northern Ireland government.
1999 The Miami relatives of Elian Gonzalez retain attorney attorney Spencer Eig to become his legal guardians and to block any move to take the boy back to Cuba. [< photo: Elian and his great-aunt Caridad Gonzalez ]
1998 Rogue policemen beat up innocent Cuban immigrant
Cuban immigrant Yoel Pacheco is allegedly beaten by two Hialeah, Florida, police officers, Rolando Bolanos Jr. and his brother Daniel. On the night of November 29, the brothers, who were responding to a domestic violence call, found Yoel Pacheco trying to resolve a dispute between his cousin and her husband. When he later tried to leave, the two officers stopped Pacheco, a 23-year-old welder with no criminal record. According to Miami-Dade State Attorney Katherine Fernandez Rundle, whose office conducted an eight-month investigation into the incident, Pacheco was then "taken to a remote location and beaten by the defendants after he had been arrested and placed in handcuffs." Pacheco's attorney claimed that doctors could not examine Pacheco's left eye three days after the incident because his face was so swollen. After Pacheco's claims became public, eight others came forth to say that they too had been beaten by one or both of the brothers. Daniel Bolanos had been accused of police brutality twice before, but both incidents were dismissed. In 1997, his application to the Miami police force was rejected because he admitted to using steroids. In 1989, his brother Rolando, who was 17 years old at the time, pled guilty to a charge of grand theft auto. He had also been arrested for aggravated assault, burglary, and other minor charges, which he failed to mention on his application to become a police officer 10 years later. The Bolanos brothers, who tried to cover up their attack on Pacheco by falsifying a police report, were arrested for battery and official misconduct. Police brutality and corruption has received much attention in the national press in recent years, and many groups have lobbied for police reforms and closer investigation into illegal police activity. Miami-Dade State Attorney Rundle said that more efforts were being made in her county to punish officers who break the law. Her office also reported that of 159 officers charged with various crimes from 1994 to 1995, 77 of them were convicted.
1999 Wrong man shot by murderer-for-hire
Tuesday 14 November 2000 update: Hitman who botched the job:
A hired gunman shot his intended victim's neighbor by mistake, blasting him with a sawn-off shotgun. Paul Garfield Jones shot 56-year-old Ernest Broom in the stomach from 2.5 m away, leaving him for dead. Mr Broom survived the shooting after weeks in hospital.
But he has been left with 280 pellets in his abdomen because surgeons decided it was safer to leave them. Jones, 39, of Wallis House, Glenn View, East Grinstead, was found guilty of conspiracy to murder, attempted murder and of firearms offences at Kingston Crown Court, south London, yesterday 13 November 2000. Jones, who denied the charges throughout a six-week trial, will be sentenced on December 4. The court heard how Jones, an antiques dealer with a string of burglary and firearms convictions, was hired to kill a business rival. Tony Bristow, 48, ran a security guard firm in south London and decided on revenge when his manager Douglas Burns, 49, announced he was setting up his own business, taking customers with him. Bristow promised Jones a Ford Granada car worth £1,000 and a £200 down-payment in cash if he would kill Mr Burns. Jones agreed but picked the wrong house when he arrived at Mr Burns's street in Cheam, south London, on November 29 last year. After shooting the nextdoor neighbour by mistake, Jones went to Bristow's London home to collect the car. When Bristow told Jones he had shot the wrong man, Jones still insisted on being paid and drove off in the Granada. Scotland Yard quickly established Mr Broom had been shot by mistake and that Mr Burns was the intended victim. Through intelligence and checking associates of Mr Bristow, they identified Jones as a suspect. He was arrested in an armed operation. Police raided a number of addresses and found Jones's jacket which fitted the description of the gunman. Tests showed it carried traces of gunpowder. A shotgun cartridge was found in one pocket and two more were recovered later at an address where Jones had been. The cartridges were linked through ballistics to the shooting. Detectives also discovered a boot, belonging to Jones, that matched footprints found at the scene of the crime. Jones claimed he was with a girlfriend at the shooting but the girlfriend decided not to give evidence. Bristow's wife testified she saw Jones arrive to collect his payment. Bristow, found guilty of conspiracy to murder at an earlier hearing, will also be sentenced on December 4. The inquiry was led by Detective Chief Inspector Richard Heselden, of the serious crime squad. He described Jones as "very cold" and said: "Jones showed no emotion and remained calm throughout police interviews and the long trial. "We are more than satisfied we charged the right man and very satisfied with the outcome."
update 2003 Jan 16, 12:29 pm ET
LONDON (Reuters) - Britain's High Court on Thursday 16 January 2003 jailed a bungling hitman who agreed to kill a businessman in return for $160 and an old car -- but confused the address and shot the wrong man. Paul Jones, 41, ended up shooting and severely wounding his intended victim's next-door neighbor Ernest Broom. Sentencing Jones to 17 years in prison, Judge Brian Barker said: "You shot him at point-blank range and it is a miracle he survived. You have ruined his life." Jones had committed a "terrible and arrogant" crime in shooting Broom, who needed emergency surgery following the attack, the judge added. The court heard earlier in the trial how businessman Tony Bristow had hired Jones, promising him $160 (? 200 pounds) and a second-hand Ford Granada to shoot a business rival and former employee in November 1999. But Jones muddled the address and lay in wait outside Broom's house, next door to his target Douglas Burns. When Broom was alerted by his wife to Jones lurking outside and gave chase, the hitman fired with a shotgun, peppering his stomach with 250 perforations. "He just shot me and left me there. He didn't give me a chance and never said a word," Broom told the court. When Burns heard about the attack and realized he had been the intended target he rang Bristow to brag: "You shot the wrong man." Bristow, convicted at an earlier trial of conspiracy to murder, had promised Jones the equivalent of about $5000 for the contract killing -- $160 in cash and the $4800-valued car (? 1000 pounds). "You would think that life had a higher price. Sadly it does not," prosecutor Anthony Munday said. A jury found Jones, from West Sussex in southern England, guilty of conspiracy to murder, attempted murder and possessing a firearm with intent to endanger life.
1994 Russian aircraft bomb Chechen capital of Grozny, in advance of long-planned ground attack to enslave the independent little republic.
| 1978 UN observes "international day of solidarity with
the Palestinian people," boycotted by US & about 20 other countries
1975 Kilauea Volcano erupts in Hawaii
1973 Chrysler Corp. announces plans to halt production at seven plants, affecting 38,000 workers, to reduce inventory and move production away from gas-guzzlers. Generals Motors had taken similar measures a week earlier.
1967 US Secretary of Defense McNamara becomes President of the World Bank
1964 Roman Catholic Church in US modernizes liturgy, including replacing Latin with English.
1961 Freedom Riders attacked by white mob at bus station in Mississipi
1961 Mercury-Atlas 5 takes chimp Enos to orbit the Earth twice.
1952 Archbishop Stepanic, still under house arrest in Yugoslavia, is created a Cardinal by the Vatican, making Tito's regime furious.
| 1945 Monarchy abolished as Yugoslavia proclaims it's
republic 1945 est proclamée la République populaire de Yougoslavie.
Très vite, le chef des communistes yougoslaves, Josip Broz Tito,
va s'émanciper de la tutelle soviétique. Il va ériger
la Yougoslavie en chef de file des pays non-alignés et devenir le
mouton noir du monde communiste.
1944 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
1944 John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery
1943 sont créées les Forces Françaises de l’Intérieur. Elle regroupent les différents groupes de résistance à l'occupant nazi en vue du futur combat aux côté des Alliés qui préparent leur débarquement.
1931 The Spanish government seizes large estates for land redistribution. .
1887 US receives rights to Pearl Harbor, on Oahu, Hawaii
1877 Thomas Edison demonstrates the hand-cranked phonograph
| 1864 Affair at Spring Hill, Tennessee
1863 The Battle of Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., ends with a Confederate withdrawal.
1863 Siege of Knoxville, Tennessee continues
1863 Mine Run Campaign continues in Virginia
1789 Près de Valence, 12'000 gardes nationaux et les représentants des villages environnants célèbrent la première "Fédération". C'est l'époque bénie de la première Révolution, avant que les contraintes financières, le sectarisme religieux et les égoïsmes des uns et des autres n'engagent le pays dans la voie de la Terreur et de la guerre.
1787 Louis XVI promulgates an edict of tolerance, granting civil status to Protestants.
1760 Major Roger Rogers takes possession of Detroit on behalf of Britain.
1644 The Massachusetts General Court issued a call for local pastors to learn the dialects of neighboring Indian tribes, as an aid toward converting them to the Christian faith.
1516 Le roi de France François 1er signe une "paix perpétuelle" avec les cantons suisses. C’est la conséquence de sa victoire sur les Suisses à Marignan. 1516 Paix de Fribourg. Le roi de France François Ier signe avec les Suisses : la "paix perpétuelle". Les Suisses s'engagent à ne plus apporter leur concours à des adversaires de la France,et celle-ci paye près de 300'000 écus d'or pour leurs frais.
1226 Sacre de Louis IX, 11 ans: Sa mère, Blanche de Castille, précipite le sacre de son fils car une révolte des vassaux menace la couronne. La cathédrale est en construction et le siège épiscopal de Reims est vacant. C'est l'évêque de Soissons qui officie. Seul parmi la noblesse, Thibaud IV de Champagne apporte son soutien à la régente
1223 Through publication of "Regula Bullata," Pope Honorius III formally authorized the "Regula Prima," a settled rule of organization and administration for the Franciscan order. . The Franciscans are to be marked by complete poverty and preaching.
2005 Two members of the Assyrian Movement, shot by terrorists in Mosul, Iraq, as they were placing posters urging votes for their party in the 15 December 2005 parliamentary elections. — (051129)
2005 A suicide car bomber and 8 Iraqi soldiers on patrol in Tarmiyah, Iraq. 5 Iraqi soldiers are wounded.— (051129)
2005 Two US soldiers of Task Force Baghdad, on patrol north of Baghdad, Iraq, killed by a roadside bomb. — (051129)
2004 Sister Anne Samson, born 27 February 1891 113, oldest living Canadian since the death of Evangeline Saulnier [11 Sep 1890 – 19 Mar 2002], and oldest nun ever, since 04 May 2003 when she surpassed the 112 years 65 days of Augustine Teissier (Sister Julia) of France [02 Jan 1869 – 08 Mar 1981).. — (051122)
2004 Billy James Hargis, 03 August 1925, US Christian minister, missionary and right-wing extremist political activist. He was disgraced because of sexual misconduct against young adults in his organization. — (051122)
2004 John Victor Monckton, born on 13 October 1955, dies within one hour after being stabbed at 19:30 UT in his home in Upper Cheyne Row in the Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London, England, by robbers Damien Hanson, 23, and Elliot White, 23. They also stab his wife Homeyra Monckton, 45. His daughter Isobel Monckton, 9, phones the police. John Monckton was the manager of bonds at the insurance company Legal & General Group. — (051122)
2004 Seven Iraqi policemen and National Guardsmen, and a suicide car bomber near a police checkpoint in Baghdadi, Iraq. Nine policemen and guardsmen are wounded.
2004 Thirteen persons, including a suicide car bomber who plows into policemen waiting to collect their salary at a police station the town of Hit, Iraq. At least 10 persons are wounded. Almost all the casualties are policemen.
2003 Katsuhiko Oku, 45, and Masamori Inoue, 30, in an ambush near Tikrit, Iraq, where the two Japanese diplomats were headed for an aid conference. Their driver is seriously injured. Oku [< photo] headed the cultural affairs section of Japan's embassy in London and had been on assignment in Iraq. Inoue was a second secretary at the Japanese embassy in Baghdad.
2003 Alberto Martínez González, born 07 Jul 1960; José Merino Olivera, 49; José Carlos Rodríguez Pérez, 41; José Lucas Egea, 42; Alfonso Vega Calvo, 41; Luis Ignacio Zanon Tarazona, 36; and Carlos Baro Ollero, 36; Spanish military agents of the Centro Nacional de Inteligencia, in a 15:45 (12:45 UT) rifle and rocket-propelled grenade attack on their two civilian four-wheel-drive vehicles, in Mahmudiyah, Iraq, 30 km south of Baghdad, from where they were heading to Hillah. Then a dozen Iraqi youths are TV-videotaped rejoicing, kicking the bodies, and chanting slogans in support of Saddam Hussein.
2002 (estimated date) Faheem Williams, 7 [photo >], of starvation, and beating to the abdomen; he has been beaten elsewhere too, and burned with cigarettes. The mummified body is found on 05 January 2003 in a plastic storage bin in the Newark NJ row house home of Sherry Murphy, in a locked filthy basement of which, on 04 January 2003, Faheem's twin Raheem Williams and (half?) brother Tyrone Hill, 4, were found abandoned, starved, dehydrated, with bruises and burns. Raheem tells investigators that he had a twin which he had not seen “for a long time” (estimade by police to be “more than a month”). Sherry Murphy, 41, had been entrusted with the boys while their mother was in prison. When she was released in August 2002, Murphy and the children were nowhere to be found. Fugitive Murphy would be arrested on 09 January 2003. Joseph Reese, 45, would be arrested on 08 January 2003, charged with sexual assault of Raheem.
2001 US Army Pvt. Giovany Maria, 19, of Company A, 1st Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment, 10th Mountain Division, of an accidental gunshot wound, in Uzbekistan. — (051108)
2000 Barry Schneider, 43, of a heroin overdose, in his home in Courtenay, British Columbia. He was a constable of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, their drug awareness co-ordinator on Vancouver Island
1987 All 115 aboard Korean Air Boeing 707 which disappears off Burma, on route to Seoul.
1910 Étienne Prosper Berne-Bellecour, French artist born on 29 July 1838.
1892 Alexander Helwig Wyant, US artist born on 11 January 1836. — MORE ON WYANT AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1872 Mary Somerville, mathematician
1780 Maria Theresa, 63, leader of Austria
1759 Nicolaus (I) Bernoulli, mathematician
1742 Louis Dorigny, French artist born on 14 June 1654. — more
1530 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey adviser to England's King Henry VIII
1516 Giovanni Bellini, Italian painter born in 1430. — Giovanni Bellini, 87 ans, peintre, meurt à Venise. Il appartient à une famille vénitienne qui compte plusieurs peintres illustres. Son père Jacopo (1400-1470) fut grand peintre, de même que son frère aîné Gentile (1429-1507); mais on s'accorde à reconnaître que Giovanni est le plus grand de tous. La plus belle de ses toiles La Madone et les Saints, date de 1490. On peut admirer les brillantes couleurs qui caractérisent l'École Vénitienne. Deux de ses élèves, Giorgione (1477-1510) et surtout Le Titien (1485?-1576) deviendront aussi célèbres que leur maître. — MORE ON BELLINI AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1314 Philippe IV le Bel, de maladie après un long règne troublé sur sa fin par les déboires de ses fils et les infidélités de ses brus.
1972 “The Mellow Yellow” is opened by Wernard Bruining, 22, in Amsterdam, as its first marijuana café. It would close six years later, but others would sprout up like... well ... like weeds, numbering some 800 in the Netherlands 30 years later and tolerated by the authorities. Possession of up to 30 grams of “soft” drugs (marijuana and hashish, considered no more harmful than alcohol and tobacco) would be decriminalized in the Netherlands in 1978.
1969 Tiffany Rohlke, [2004? photo >], who, after losing custody of her son Brody Shelton [20 Jun 2000~] and daughter Logan Shelton [24 Sep 2002~], would abduct them from Las Vegas, Nevada, on 19 March 2004. —(071114)
1953 Rosemary Letts, who would, after mating in 1968 with Fred West [29 Sep 1941 – 01 Jan 1995] (whom she married in January 1972), would become with him a British serial sex killer of women and girls, including his wife, Catherine (Rena) Costello West [–Aug 1971], and his daughter by Rena, Charmaine West [Mar 1963 – 1971]. —(051122)
1950 National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States is founded in Cleveland, Ohio, by Protestant and Eastern Orthodox denominations. It has would become a strong voices for its brand of social justice.
1933 Dr David Reuben writer (Everything You Wanted to Know about Sex)
1932 Jacques Chirac, à Paris, président de France.
1928 Paul Simon (Sen-D-Ill), presidential candidate
1918 Madeleine L'Engle, writer (A Wrinkle in Time).
1911 Konrad Fuchs, German atomic physicist.
1908 Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., US Black public official and pastor who became a prominent liberal legislator and civil-rights leader. He died on 04 April 1972. — Powell Portrait by Bernard Safran [03 Jun 1924 – 14 Oct 1995].
1902 Carlo Levi Italian painter and novelist (Of Fear & Freedom)
1900 Mildred Elizabeth Sisk, aka Axis Sally, Nazi propagandist.
1898 Clive Staples Lewis English writer / scholar (Le Roman de la Rose, Out of the Silent Planet) CS LEWIS ONLINE: Spirits in Bondage: A Cycle of Lyrics, Spirits in Bondage: A Cycle of Lyrics.
1895 William V.S. Tubman (Whig), 17th Liberian President (1943-1970)
1879 Nikolai Krylov, mathematician
1874 António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, Portuguese neurologist and statesman who died on 13 December 1955. He was the founder of modern psychosurgery. With Walter Hess [17 Mar 1881 – 12 Aug 1973] he was awarded the 1949 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the development of prefrontal leucotomy (lobotomy) as a radical therapy (since discredited) for certain psychoses, or mental disorders.
1866 Brown, mathematician
1866 Jozef Pankiewicz, Polish artist who died in 1943. — more
1863 Jules Alexis Meunier, French artist who died in 1942.
1858 Emil Karl Rau, German artist who died in 1937.
1852 Grace Elizabeth King, US author who died in January 1932.
1849 Sir Ambrose Fleming inventor (diode)
1849 Lamb, mathematician
1847 Greenhill, mathematician
1846 Konrad Kiesel, German artist who died on 28 May 1921.
1840 Francesco Beda, Italian artist who died on 21 June 1900.
1832 Louisa May Alcott, novelist (Little Women).
1818 George Brown Canada, publisher (Toronto Globe), PM (L) (1858)
1789 Jan van Ravensway, Dutch artist who died on 02 March 1869.