a 27 November:
2002 Pole pole-sitter Daniel Baraniuk, 27, unemployed, from Gdansk, ends his world record 196 days on a 60x40cm seat at a top of a 2.5m-high pole at the Heidepark amusement park in Soltau, Germany, and wins $23'000. The contest started on 15 May 2002 with nine others, the last of which dropped out in October 2002. The rules allowed them to leave their perches for ten minutes every two hours.
2000 Philippines President Joseph Estrada is impeached by the Philippine House of Representatives on charges he received millions of dollars in payoffs from illegal gambling operators and tobacco taxes. He now faces a trial in the Senate.
2000 Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien's Liberal Party won a third straight majority in the House of Commons. — El líder del Partido Liberal y primer ministro Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien inicia su tercer mandato consecutivo como primer ministro de Canadá.
2000 El nuevo presidente yugoslavo Vojislav Kostunica solicita ante la Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación Europea la ayuda internacional para solucionar la crisis de Kosovo.
2000 In Borcawen, New Hampshire, Mrs. Heidi Sweeney has a sudden gallbladder attack and collapses unconscious on the living room floor. Her son Sean, 4, immediately goes to the phone and dials 911, he says: "My mom fell down." Asked if his mother is awake, Sean replies, "Nope, her eyes are closed." Mrs. Sweeney regains consciousness before the ambulance arrived and would recover from her attack. Sean would be honored as a hero.
1998 Se encuentra en China el fósil más antiguo de una planta de flores.
1997 Tens of thousands of German students take to the streets of Bonn to protest the decline of Germany's higher education system.
1996 A US federal judge blocked enforcement of a California initiative to dismantle affirmative action (which seeks to remedy the effects of past discrimination), saying civil rights groups had a "strong probability" of proving it unconstitutional. .
1995 AmHS/Premier and SunHealth Alliance announce their plans to merge, thus forming the US's biggest health care network, with over 650 hospitals and 1000 affiliates in fifty states.
1995 Prodigy announces its Internet "Virtual Mall," including offerings from J.C. Penney, Lands End, Hammacher Schlemmer, and Sears, Roebuck & Co. The new system promised to include "personal sales assistant" software to make recommendations based on users' profiles.
1994 Bosnian Serbs take 150 UN peacekeepers hostage to prevent NATO air strikes.
1992 Military dissidents attempt to overthrow Venezuelan President Carlos Andrés Pérez.
1991 The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution paving the way for the establishment of a UN peacekeeping operation in war-ravaged Yugoslavia.
1989 Virginia certifies Douglas Wilder [17 Jan 1931~] as the US's first elected Black governor by a margin of 0.38%.
1989 El rey Hussein I de Jordania inaugura la primera sesión del nuevo Parlamento, tras una ausencia de vida parlamentaria en el país de más de 20 años.
1985 The British House of Commons approves the Anglo-Irish accord giving the Republic of Ireland a consultative role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland.
1985 El cometa Halley se acerca a la Tierra por segunda vez en el siglo XX.
1984 Se firma un acuerdo hispano-británico sobre Gibraltar por el que Gran Bretaña acepta por primera vez discutir cuestiones de soberanía.
1971 The Anglican Church ordains its first women priests.
1971 Una comisión del parlamento chileno rechaza el proyecto de ley de reforma de la Constitución presentado por el presidente Salvador Allende Gossens.
1970 Pope Paul VI slightly wounded in chest at the Manila airport during a visit to Philippines by a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest — Atentado frustrado en Manila contra el Papa Pablo VI, durante su viaje a Extremo Oriente.
1970 Syria joins the pact linking Libya, Egypt and Sudan.
1965 1st French satellite launched, France becomes 3rd nation in space
1967 Gold pool nations pledge support of $35 per ounce gold price
1967 Charles DeGaulle again vetoes Great Britain's entry into the Common Market.
1967 Lyndon Johnson appoints Robert McNamara to presidency of the World Bank.
1966 El general uruguayo Oscar Daniel Gestido, del Partido Colorado, es elegido presidente del país.
1962 El presidente Charles André de Gaulle encarga a Georges Jean Raymond Pompidou la formación de un nuevo gobierno.
1959 Demonstrators march in Tokyo to protest a defense treaty with the United States. — Se celebran en Japón grandes manifestaciones contra el Tratado Antártico firmado con Estados Unidos.
1958 USSR abrogates Allied war-time agreements on control of Germany
| 1957 Army withdraws from Little Rock AR, after Central
1950 El volcán italiano Etna entra en erupción.
1948 El Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU exige de Albania, Bulgaria y Yugoslavia que suspendan las ayudas a los rebeldes griegos.
1947 E.L. Sukenik of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem sees four pieces of Dead Sea scroll — the first Westerner to recognize their value.
1945 US President Truman named Gen. George Marshall his special representative to China to try to end hostilities between the Nationalists and the Communists. — El general estadounidense George Catlett Marshall es nombrado representante extraordinario en China.
| 1941 USSR begins a counter offensive causing Germany
1937 Hjalmar Schacht dimite de la presidencia del Reichsbank y de la cartera ministerial de Economía. Herman Wilhelm Goering asume temporalmente dichas funciones.
1937 Se publican los estatutos del Sindicato Español Universitario de Falange Española y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Sindicalistas (JONS).
1936 Great Britain's Anthony Eden warns Hitler that Britain will fight to protect Belgium.
1931 Niceto Alcalá Zamora y Torres es elegido miembro de la Real Academia Española de la Lengua.
1922 La comisión senatorial española dictamina a favor de conceder el suplicatorio contra el general Damaso Berenguer y Fuste.
1920 Las autoridades británicas detienen en Londres al fundador y jefe del Sinn Fein, Arthur Griffith.
1919 Bulgaria signs peace treaty with Allies at Neuilly, France, fixing war reparations and recognizing Yugoslavian independence. — les Alliés vainqueurs de la Grande Guerre signent à Neuilly un traité de paix avec la Bulgarie.
1909 US troops land in Bluefields, Nicaragua, to protect American interests there.
1904 The German colonial army defeats Hottentots at Warmbad in southwest Africa.
1912 Spanish protectorate in Morocco established
1910 Eleutherios Venizelos es nombrado primer ministro griego.
1895 Alfred Nobel establishes Nobel Prize — El científico y millonario sueco Alfred Nobel dispone en su testamento que las rentas de su fortuna se distribuyan en los cinco premios Nobel.
1889 Curtis P. Brady is issued the first permit to drive an automobile through Central Park in New York City. Mr. Brady had to pledge to New York’s police that he would not frighten the horses in the park.
1885 En España Mateo Sagasta Praxedes jura el cargo de presidente del Consejo ante la reina regente María Cristina de Habsburgo-Lorena.
| 1863 Engagement at Payne's Farm, Virginia
1863 Siege of Knoxville, Tennessee continues
1863 Mine Run Campaign continues in Virginia.
1857 End of the second siege of Lucknow, a city in the state Uttar_Pradesh, India, where one of the tourist sites is the Roomi Darwaza Turkish Gate, and where a gambling casino might well hesitate between the advertising mottoes: “You're in luck now in Lucknow” and: “You're in Lucknow, in luck now”—(080702)
1815 Cracow (Poland) declared a free republic
1812 One of the two bridges being used by Napoleon Bonaparte's army across the Beresina River in Russia collapses during a Russian artillery barrage.
1810 Primer reglamento de las Cortes de Cádiz.
1806 Parti de Berlin le 25, Napoléon, ce soir, reçoit à Posen (Poznan) une délégation de Polonais. Il constate : "Les Polonais sont animés de la meilleure volonté. Ils montrent une grande ardeur de recouvrer leur indépendance : la noblesse, le clergé, les paysans ne font qu'un."
1806 Napoleón I ordena por decreto el bloqueo continental de Gran Bretaña.
1790 En France, le clergé est astreint à prêter serment sur la Constitution civile. La Révolution connaît son premier dérapage.
— 43 BC Octavian, Antony and Lepidus form the triumvirate of Rome.
2005 Frederick Richard McManus, Catholic monsignor born on 08 February 1923. He was ordained a priest on 01 May 1947. He received the doctorate in Canon Law in 1954 and taught canon law until 1993. —(051206)
2005 Some 50 persons in magnitude 6.1 earthquake at 13:52 (10:22 UT) with epicenter 35 km deep 60 km SW of Bandar Abbas, Iran, at 26°50'N, 55°50'E. Some 200 persons are injured. The four hardest hit villages are Tonban, Gavarzin, Khaledin, and Gourian, on Qeshm island, Hormuzgan province. —(051127)
2002 The first of some 120 massacred in two days,
in Monoko-Zohi, Ivory Coast.
The killing starts when six trucks with Ivory Coast military markings arrive carrying uniformed Ivory Coast soldiers. Accusing villagers of feeding rebels, soldiers go house to house with a list of names. They slit some men's throats or shoot them where they find them and gather others for group executions. Before leaving on 28 November, the soldiers dump some corpses in wells. When the survivors return from hiding they bury the rest in a mass grave 30x10 meters.
French troops, in the former French colony to enforce a now-shattered cease-fire, discover the mass grave on 05 December 2002. Ivory Coast's army says first that the killers were rebels and then that the dead were rebels killed in fighting with government troops. But villagers say that most of the dead were people who worked on the region's lush cocoa and coffee fields. Most of the workers were from neighboring Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali and Guinea. The insurgents of the Mouvement Patriotique de Côte d'Ivoire confirm that they had no fighters in Monoko-Zohi and moved in only after villagers came to tell them of the killings and ask for help.
The civil war has split the once-prosperous Ivory Coast in three, with separate rebel groups holding the north and struggling now to hold the west against a government offensive. Monoko-Zohi is 110 km northwest of the government-held city of Daloa. Monoko-Zohi and other villages to the west that had been strongly sympathetic to the rebels were looted, gutted and emptied of women and children. Families fled to the bush, camping out under cocoa plants.
A downturn in commodity prices in the late 1990s fostered resentment against the guest workers, who are 25% of the population, contributing to Ivory Coast's first-ever coup in 1999. President Laurent Gbagbo took office in 2000 elections meant to restore democratic rule. The coup-installed military government tried to steal the vote, however, and violence aborted the election. A people's revolt put Gbagbo in power. Rebels, including hundreds of disgruntled former army officers, are demanding Gbagbo resign and make way for new elections. They launched their uprising with a failed coup attempt on 19 September 2002.
Jihad Muhammad Musallam An-Natour, 24, Palestinian shot at 03:00
by Israeli troops as he was going from alley to alley in the in the Askar
refugee camp east of Nablus, West Bank, beating on a drum to announce the
approach of dawn, the start of the day's Ramadan fast, thus violating the
Israeli imposed curfew. The Reuters body count of the al-Aqsa intifada is
now at least 1681 Palestinians and 662 Israelis (not mentioning
a few foreigners, which are perhaps included in the numbers of the side
among which they happened to be).
2001 Ulf Strömberg [photo >], 42, by burglars in Taloqan, Afghanistan. He was a cameraman for Sweden's TV4. Two young masked men armed with Kalashnikov rifles break into the house where a group of Swedish journalists is staying and take cameras, computers, a satellite telephone and money from journalists working for the newspaper Aftonbladet.The bandits then move to the next room, where Strömberg was sleeping, knock on the door, which Strömberg opens and immediately closes. They shoot him through the door.
— TV4:s medarbetare, nyhetsfotograf Ulf Strömberg, 42, har skjutits ihjäl vid ett rånöverfall i Afghanistan. Han sköts i bröstet och avled kort därefter av skadorna på väg till sjukhus i staden Taloqan i norra Afghanistan sent i på måndagskvällen. — MORE (på svenska)
2001 Evison Matafale, 32, in police custody in Lilongwe, Malawi, for seditious letters to the president. The cause of death is given as severe pneumonia. The police had detained Matafale, a reggae musician, a few days earlier while he was recovering from a bout of malaria, and then severel beaten him.
2001 Ten Indian soldiers and eight islamic guerrillas of a group that ambushed the Indian army patrol in Hari Buddha, a village in the district of Poonch some 5 km from the ceasefire line dividing Kashmir between Indian and Pakistani forces.
1994 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, presidente de la República española.
1989: 107 persons as a bomb blamed by police on drug traffickers destroys a Colombian jetliner.
1989 Carlos Arias Navarro, presidente del Gobierno español.
1985 Fernand Paul Braudel, historiador francés.
1983: 185 in crash of Colombian Avianca Airlines Boeing 747 near Madrid's Barajas airport.
1983 Federico Carlos Sáinz de Robles y Correa, escritor español.
1984 Percy Norris deputy high commissioner of India, shot dead
1980 (Thanksgiving Day) Seven persons when Priscilla Ford, 51, drives her Lincoln Continental down a crowded sidewalk in Reno, Nevada. 21 persons are injured. Priscilla Ford would be sentenced to death, but her execution would be delayed by several appeals and she would die of emphysema in prison on 23 January 2005.
1971 Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón, historiador de arte español.
1958 Lucy Elizabeth Kemp-Welch, British painter specialized in horses, born on 20 June 1869. — MORE ON KEMP~WELCH AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1955 Arthur Honegger, French composer born on 10 March 1892.
1945 Josep María Sert i Badía, Catalan painter born on 21 December 1874. — MORE ON SERT AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1942 The French fleet in Toulon is scuttled to keep it from Germany (and not to give it to the British).
1934 Baby Face Nelson shot by FBI agents
1927 (25 Nov?) József Rippl-Rónai, Hungarian painter, printmaker, pastellist, ceramicist, and designer, born on 23 May 1861. — more
1925 Roger de la Fresnaye, French Cubist-Fauvist painter born on 11 July 1885. — MORE ON DE LA FRESNAYE AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1909 Luis A. Martínez, escritor y político ecuatoriano, considerado predecesor remoto de la novela social de su país. Nació el 25 Jun 1869.
1904 Paul Tannery, mathematician
1900 Anton Seitz, German artist born on 23 January 1829.
1889 Nicolaas Riegen, Dutch artist born on 31 May 1827.
1870 El general Juan Prim y Prats, asesinado a la salida del Congreso español.
1862 Armand Julien Pallière, French artist born in 1784.
1887 US Deputy Marshall Frank Dalton, brother of the three famous outlaws, is killed in the line of duty near Fort Smith, Ark.
1836 Antoine Charles Horace Charlot Vernet, French painter born on 14 August 1758. — MORE ON VERNET AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1833 Philip Reinagle, English painter born in 1749. — MORE ON REINAGLE AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1811 Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, born on 05 January 1744, Spanish patriot statesman and author, one of the most important figures of the 18th-century Spanish Enlightenment.
1796 Karl-Sébastien von Bemmel, German artist born on 01 April 1743.
1754 Abraham de Moivre, mathematician.
1680 Athanasius Kircher, in Rome, German Jesuit born on 02 May 1601 in Thuringia, the last Renaissance man and/or the first Postmodernist. Amazing. — MORE ON KIRCHER.
1673 Anthonie Stevers, Stevaerts Palamedes, Dutch artist born in 1601.
1670 Jacob van Loo, Flemish artist born in 1614. — more
1654 Pieter Meulener (or Meulenaer, Molenaer), Dutch artist born on 18 February 1602.
1957 Caroline Kennedy Schlossberg JFK's daughter.
1948 Ricardo Bellveser Icardo, poeta español, periodista y profesor.
1945 C.A.R.E. (Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere) is founded, as 22 US organizations form a cooperative to send CARE packages to survivors of World War II.
1937 Gail Henion Sheehy writer (Hustling, Passages, The Silent Passage: Menopause, Pathfinders)
1937 Pins and Needles opens in New York City. The cast of the stage play consisted of members of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU). The show ran two years.
1934 Amable Liñán Martínez, científico y profesor de aeronáutica español.
1932 Benigno Aquino Jr Philippine opposition leader; assassinated
1921 Alexander Dubcek, headed Czech Communist Party, led Prague Spring (1968-69).
1910 Penn Station, one of the first grand buildings of the 20th century, opens to rail traffic. It would be demolished starting on 28 October 1963, to make way for a new Madison Square Garden, although the trains continue to run beneath it.
1909 James Agee, Pulitzer Prize-winning author (A Death in the Family, The African Queen)
1909 Malcev, mathematician
1909 Doña María La Brava, drama de Eduardo Marquina, se estrena en el teatro madrileño de La Princesa.
1898 José María Gil Robles y Quiñones, político conservador español.
1886 Tsuguharu Leonard Foujita, Japanese painter who died on 29 January 1968. — MORE ON FOUJITA AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1874 Chaim Weizmann Israeli statesman (1st President)
1874 Charles A. Beard American historian (History of the United States, American Continentalism)
1870 Joe Mack, builder of gasoline-powered delivery wagons which eventually evolved into the Mack Truck Company.
1870 Ferdynand Ruszczyc, Polish artist who died in 1936.
1867 Arthur Dixon, mathematician
1865 Jose Asuncion Silva Gómez, Colombia, poet (Nocturno III)
1843 Cornelius Vanderbilt II, US, favorite grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt [27 May 1794 – 04 Jan 1877] who founded the family fortune. Following the death of his father, William Henry Vanderbilt [08 May 1921 – 08 Dec 1885], Cornelius Vanderbilt II took charge of the various railroads and other corporations and of the philanthropic activities of the family. He served on numerous social and civic boards, and he oversaw the granting of enormous sums to Yale University, Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and many other educational, charitable, and religious organizations. He died on 12 September 1899. For marrying without his permission, in August 1896, Grace Graham Wilson [–07 Jan 1953], he disinherited his second and eldest surviving son, Cornelius “Neily” Vanderbilt III [05 Sep 1873 – 01 Mar 1942], who nevertheless was a financier, whose son Cornelius Vanderbilt Jr. [30 Apr 1898 – 07 Jul 1974] was a writer who founded a chain of newspapers (and who married 7 times).
1834 Jules-Bertrand Gélibert, French artist who died in 1916.
1798 Rafael Tejeo, Spanish artist who died on 03 October 1856.— more
1789 Jakob Alt, Austrian landscape painter and watercolorist who died on 30 September 1872. — links to images.
1746 Robert R. Livingston, jurist, statesman, and political leader of the US Revolutionary period.
1703 James Delancey, English aristocrat who immigrated to New York and, as Chief Supreme Court Justice of the British colony of New York
presided over the August 1734 libel suit brought by Governor William Cosby against journalist John Peter Zenger [1697 – 28 Jul 1746], who was arrested for it on 17 November 1733. The case is a major landmark in establishing freedom of the press in English-speaking America. Delancey was lieutenant governor of the colony from 1753 to 1755 and from 1757 to his death on 30 July 1760.
1701 Anders Celsius, Uppsala Swedish astronomer who died on 25 April 1744. He devised the centigrade temperature scale. In 1742 he described his thermometer in a paper read before the Swedish Academy of Sciences.