a 26 November:
2007 The Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issues a Notification concerning imprecisions and errors contained in the books Jesucristo liberador. Lectura histórico-teológica de Jesús de Nazaret and La fe en Jesucristo. Ensayo desde las víctimas by liberation theologian Father Jon Sobrino, SJ [27 Dec 1938~]. —(070316)
2001 In Nepal, King Gyanendra declares a state of emergency after attacks by Maoists rebels kill at least 76 soldiers and policemen since 23 November 2001, including, the previous night, five soldiers, 28 police officers and the chief district officer in Solukhumbu, 200 km north of Katmandu. The rebels also suffered heavy casualties. On 23 November, rebels broke off a four-month cease-fire and launched assaults across the kingdom. The rebel hide-outs are concentrated mostly in the remote hills of midwest Nepal. The Maoist guerrillas fashion themselves after Peru's Shining Path guerrillas. They are seeking an end to the constitutional monarchy and the creation of a socialist republic. Their insurgency, launched in 1996, has claimed more than 1800 lives.
2000 By a huge margin Haiti's presidential election returns former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power.
2000 In the Romanian presidential election, to succeed Emil Constantinescu, Ion Iliescu, 70, finishes first with 36% of the vote. In second place comes ultranationalist racist Corneliu Vadim Tudor, 51, with 28%. The 10 December runoff election would be won by Iliescu. He is a Soviet-educated engineer who was president from 1990 to 1996. He had been close to Ceausescu until the early 1970s, but later led the revolt to topple the Communist dictator.
2000 Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris, a Republican, certifies Republican George W. Bush the winner over Democrat Al Gore in the state's presidential balloting by a 537-vote margin.
| 1997 CompUSA announces it would no longer sell a violent
computer game called "Postal," which featured a berserk gunman who shot
innocent bystanders. A number of retailers had declined to carry the ultra-violent
game. Despite its name, the game did not feature any postal workers.
1997 Swedish telecommunications company L.M. Ericsson announces that it has developed technology to provide simultaneous telephone service and Internet access over the same phone line. Ericsson said the new technology would increase the average speed for home Internet users by at least four times.
1991 The US abandons Clark Air Base in the Philippines, one of its oldest and largest overseas bases, which was damaged by an eruption of volcano Pinatubo..
1991 Condoms are handed out to thousands of NY High School students
1990 El primer ministro de Polonia Tadeusz Mazowiecki dimite tras su fracaso en las primeras elecciones democráticas a la presidencia.
1990 Japanese business giant Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. agreed to acquire MCA Inc. for $6.6 billion.
1990 Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait.
1989 Descubren el quásar más alejado de la Tierra, a 14'000 millones de años luz.
1989 El político indio Rajiv Gandhi pierde la mayoría absoluta en las elecciones.
1983 Heathrow Airport, robbed of 6800 gold bars worth $38.7 million
1982 Yasuhiro Nakasone is elected the 71st Japanese prime minister, succeeding Zenko Suzuki.
| 1976 Willy Brandt, presidente del Partido Socialista
alemán, es elegido presidente de la Internacional Socialista.
1970 During a 10-day visit to the Philippines, Pope Paul VI is attacked by a knife-wielding man in Manilla. The pontiff is unhurt.
1966 1st major tidal power plant opens at Rance estuary, France.
| 1949 India adopts a constitution as a British Commonwealth
1948 El Parlamento irlandés aprueba la total independencia y la separación del Reino Unido.
1948 El general Charles André de Gaulle inaugura la central maremotriz del Rance (Bretaña).
1947 France expels 19 Soviet citizens, charging them with intervention in internal affairs.
1946 El Partido Laborista gana las elecciones parlamentarias en Nueva Zelanda.
1942 US President Franklin Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, to begin on 01 December 1942.
1941 Lebanon gains independence from France.
1939 To justify its planned aggression, he Soviet Union falsely charges Finland with artillery attack on border.
1938 Poland renews nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union to protect against a German invasion (in vain).
1932 La Guardia Civil a caballo comienza a vigilar las carreteras españolas.
1928 Se recrudece el antisemitismo en Moscú.
1916 El Gobierno revolucionario griego de Eleutherios Venizelos declara la guerra a Alemania.
1907 The Duma lends support to Czar in St. Petersburg, who claims he has renounced autocracy.
1901 The Hope diamond is brought to New York.
1897 Las colonias españolas de Cuba y de Puerto Rico consiguen la autonomía.
1841 First date in James Clavell's novel Tai-Pan
1832 For 12½ cents, passengers began riding the first streetcar railway in America. The New York City service ran from City Hall to 14th Street.
1789 In accord with Congressional resolution, President George Washington proclaims this day (a Thursday) to be a Thanksgiving Day (the first). National Thanksgiving days would be periodically proclaimed by presidents, until in 1863 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated the practice of annually setting the fourth Thursday in November aside for Thanksgiving Day.
1778 Capt Cook discovers Maui (Sandwich Islands)
1775 The American Navy began using chaplains within its regular service.
1774 A congress of colonial leaders criticizes British influence in the colonies and affirms their right to "Life, liberty and property."
1716 The first lion exhibited in America is seen in Boston.
1703 Bristol England damaged by hurricane, Royal Navy loses 15 warships
1688 Louis XIV declares war on the Netherlands
1539 In England, the monastery at the Fountains Abbey was surrendered to the crown. It was the richest of the Cistercian houses, prior to the time of the Dissolution of all monasteries in England, under the reign of Henry VIII.
0579 Pelagius II begins his reign as Pope.
2008 Ana Solorio, 33, ejected from an SUV which rolls over at least 6 times on highway I-10 east in Anthony NM at 05:10 (12:10 UT. It was headed to Georgia (to celebrate Thanksgiving Day on 27 Nov), driven by Maury McGee, 33, whodozed off, swerved into the median and overcorrected. In it were also Yolanda Dixon, 29, and Ana Solorio's 3 children, aged 10, 8, and 5. All are from Pasadena CA. —(081128)
2004 Hans Schaffner, 95, Swiss politician and Federal Councilor in the 1960s, President of the Confederation in 1966. —(051122)
2004 Eight students, knifed shortly after midnight in their high school dormitory in Ruzhou, Henan province, China, by Yan Yanming, 21, a man with a junior middle school education, who broke in at 23:45 the previous day (15:45 UT 25 Nov). He injures four other students. He is arrested at 16:00 (08:00 UT) after a failed suicide attempt and his mother reports him to the police.
2003 Hani Raba'iyah, 8, Palestinian boy, shot from a watch tower by Israeli soldiers, as he was playing in front of his house in Rafah, Gaza Strip.
2002 Alah al-Sabbagh and Imad Nasharti, local commanders, respectively, of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade and of the Izza-din-al-Kassam, by a missile fired from an Israeli aircraft (or by an explosion arranged by Shin Bet?) into the room where they are together in the Jenin refugee camp, West Bank. Both men were on the Israeli hit list.
2001 Terry Lee King, 40, murdered by [his boys, 12 and 13?] or [an abuser
of his willing youngest boy?]
In Cantonment, near Pensacola, Florida, in the early morning a neighbor notices that the King home is on fire and calls the firefighters, who, after putting out the fire, find Terry King's body on a recliner in the living room, his head having been bashed in with an aluminum baseball bat. The police arrests his sons Derek, 13, and Alex, 12, and tapes their confessions.
Terry King, a print shop worker, had custody of the boys, whose mother had not lived with them for seven years. Derek lived with foster parents for seven years until his behavior problems became too much for them and they returned him to his father two months before the killing.
On 16 November, the boys ran away from home and called their friend local handyman Rick Chavis, 39, who kept them at his house. Police officers picked up Derek on 24 November while he was visiting a girlfriend and returned him to his father. The next day Mr. Chavis turned Alex over to the police. The boys were reunited with their father two days before the killing.
In his confession, Derek said that he and Alex talked about what to do if their father tried to punish them for running away: We sat down on a swing and I told Alex If stuff gets serious, I will defend
you.’ Alex didn't have the strength.
Derek said that on the night of the killing his father pushed Alex down and Alex started crying. He said the boys waited until their father fell asleep and, "I went in there and hit him once and heard a moan. I was afraid he'd wake up and see us, so I kept on hitting him. I killed him."
The boys said they then threw the bat on their bed, doused a blanket with charcoal lighter fluid and lighted a fire. Derek said they went out the back door and ran.
Alex described his father's bloody head and bloated face and recalled his father's last breaths as "sort of like a sound like the person has a slightly stopped-up nose."
Four months later, in an appearance before a grand jury, the boys would recant their stories, saying that they had been covering up for Rick Chavis, who had been more than a friend to Alex, who had written in his notebook: Before I met Rick I was straight. But now I'm gay, and would later testify at trial: "I was in love with Rick, and he let me play video games and stuff. It was funner over at his house, I guess.
So the same prosecutor decides to accuse Chavis of being the sole killer, in one trial, and, in another trial, to claim Chavis is innocent, accusing Derek and Alex, tried as adults, to be the murderers and arsonists.
On 30 August 2002 a jury brings in a verdict in the trial of Rick Chavis, but it is sealed, not to be made public until the boys' trial , which starts on 03 September 2002, is concluded.
Chavis will still go on trial in October on charges of lewd and lascivious acts upon a child under 16 years of age, a second-degree felony punishable by 15 years in prison. Chavis, who pleaded no contest in the mid-1980's to having sex with two teenage boys, has pleaded not guilty to the pending charge. Then Chavis will stand trial in November, again in relation to the murder, this time on charges of accessory after the fact, a third-degree felony punishable by 30 years in prison, and tampering with or fabricating evidence, a third-degree felony punishable by 5 years in prison.
At the conclusion of the trial of Derek and Alex, as adults (!!!), the jury convicts them on Friday 06 Sep 2002 of second-degree murder and of arson. Then the Chavis verdict is unsealed: the boys' jury is shocked to learn that he was acquitted!
[Photo: defendants Derek King, 14, right, and his brother Alex King, 13, left, stand as the jury leaves the courtroom to begin deliberation in their murder trial, Friday, Sept. 6, 2002, in Pensacola, Fla. The King brothers are charged with murdering their father Terry King. >]
But a circuit judge, on Thursday 17 October 2002, throws out the convictions of the two brothers because their rights were violated by the unusual and bizarre way prosecutors simultaneously presented two theories of the crime, in their trial and in that of Chavis..
The judge says that he will order a new trial for the boys, and in the meantime will encourage the prosecution and defense to work out a deal. The brothers, because they were tried as adults, were facing prison sentences of 22 years to life for the second-degree murder and of 30 years for the arson.
On 14 November the deal has been reached. Alex and Derek King plead guilty to third-degree murder. As a result, they will be spared the much lengthier sentences they faced if the jury verdict had stood. Alex, 13, will serve seven years in prison and Derek, 14, will serve eight years. As part of the deal, the brothers were required to provide statements admitting to their roles in the killing. They also pleaded guilty to burning the family home to cover up their actions, and the agreement allows concurrent sentences of the same lengths for the arson. They are not eligible for parole but will receive credit for time served, reducing their sentences by about a year. The prosecutor and defense lawyers said the agreement held the boys accountable for their actions but combined punishment with the possibility for rehabilitation.
The boys will be sent to a state prison that houses juveniles separately from adults. They will receive counseling and take part in activities including academic and vocational training and sports programs in a heavily guarded, campuslike setting. The court-appointed mediator said the plea deal was intended to provide structure for the boys, whose mother left them when they were young.
| 2001 Teissir al-Ajarmi, 22, suicide bomber, Hamas militant
from the Jebaliya refugee camp near Gaza City, who succeeds only in lightly
injuring two Israeli border policemen near the Erez crossing between Gaza
and Israel, the Israeli military said. The Islamic. |
2000 Khalil Taher, Bedouin tracker sergeant major with the Israeli army, shortly before 07:00, as Hezbollah guerillas detonate by remote control a bomb he was examining at about 1 km inside the "Chebaa Farms" area which Israel considers part of the formerly Syrian Golan Heights which it annexed in 1981, but which Lebanon and Syria consider Lebanese.
1985 Pablo Serrano, escultor español.
1977 Ruth Moufang, mathematician.
1968 Polozii, mathematician.
1960 Gilberto Alzate Avendaño, abogado, periodista y político colombiano.
1949 Mateo Hernández Sánchez, escultor español.
1943: 1015 US servicemen and 123 others as, during World War II, the HMT Rohna, a British transport ship carrying US soldiers, is hit by a German missile off Algeria.
1943 Joseph van Sluijters Georges de Feure, Dutch painter born on 06 September 1868. — MORE ON DE FEURE AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1939 James Naismith Basketball inventor
1936 Victor Léon Jean Pierre Charreton, French artist born on 02 March 1864.
1921 Joseph Bail, French artist bon on 22 January 1863.
1901 Joseph Henry Thayer, US scholar best remembered for his Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament.
1892 Charles-Martial-Allemand Lavigerie, 67, cardinal and archbishop of Algiers and Carthage (now Tunis, Tunisia) whose dream to convert Africa to Christianity prompted him to found the society of Missionaries of Our Lady of Africa of Algeria, or White Fathers..Among his writings are a doctorate thesis: Essai sur l'école chrétienne d'Edesse (1850); Exposé des erreurs doctrinales du Jansénisme (1858), Decreta concilii provincialis Algeriensis in Africa (1873); Œuvres choises (Paris, 1884); Documents pour la fondation de l'œuvre antiesclavagiste (1889).
1885 El general Francisco Serrano y Domínguez fallece en Madrid.
1883 Isabella Van Wagener "Sojourner Truth", born a slave, she experienced visions and voices, which she attributed to God, and was one of the most charismatic abolitionists and suffragists of her day. She was the co-author of Narrative of Sojourner Truth (1850), Narrative of Sojourner Truth (1850), Narrative of Sojourner Truth (1878)
1882 Thomas LeClear, US painter born on 11 March 1818. — MORE ON LECLEAR AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1861 Wilhelm Hensel, German painter and draftsman born on 06 July 1794. — more
1855 Adam Mickiewicz, poeta y patriota polaco.
1851 Louis-Philippe Crépin, French artist born in 1772.
1779 Pieter Jan van Liender, Dutch artist born on 23 December 1727.
1757 Jan Jakob Spoede, Flemish artist born in 1680.
1686 Niels Stensen “Nicolas Steno” [10 Jan 1638–], Danish anatomist and geologist. He discovered the parotid gland which produces saliva and the Stensen's duct which connects to the mouth. He demonstrated that the heart is a muscle (not a furnace as Descartes and others believed). As a geologist he explained geological strata and investigated why seashells are found in mountains. He was a Lutheran who became a Catholic on 07 November 1667, was ordained a Catholic priest of the diocese of Florence, Italy, on 13 April 1675, and on 19 September 1677 consecrated a bishop as the 2nd Vicar Apostolic of the Nordic Missions of Germany (erected on 28 April 1667). In 1680 he was appointed auxiliary bishop of Münster, Germany, and he resigned in 1683. On 23 October 1988 he was beatified by pope John Paul II [the pope's speech]. —(070902)
1504 Isabel I, llamada La católica, primera reina de Castilla y de Aragón, fallece en Medina del Campo.
0399 St Siricius, Pope
0311 Bishop Peter of Alexandria, summarily martyred over the Arian controversy.
1954 Les mandarins, novela de Simone de Beauvoir, se publica.
1940 Bombieri, mathematician.
1931 Adolfo Perez Esquivel Buenos Argentina, (1980 Nobel Peace Prize)
1924 George Segal NY, sculptor lifelike mixed-media figures (Bus Driver)
1924 Mongolian People's Republic proclaimed
1922 Charles M Schulz, American cartoonist who created Peanuts starring Charlie Brown, and died during the night when his farewell Peanuts strip was being printed.
1922 José María López de Letona y Núñez del Pino, político e ingeniero español.
1918 Patricio Aylwin Azócar, Chilean Christian Democrat politician, elected to the Senate on 07 March 1965, elected president of the Senate in 1971, opponent of Allende [26 Jul 1908 – 11 Sep 1973] and, later, of Pinochet [25 Nov 1915~], elected President on 14 December 1989 as candidate of the opposition coalition, inaugurated as president on 11 March 1990 for a term of four years, at the end of which, on 11 March 1994, he was succeeded by Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle [24 Jun 1942~], of the same Christian Democrat Party, who had won the election of 11 December 1993.
1905 Emlyn Williams Wales, actor/playwright (David Copperfield)
1904 Alejo Carpentier, escritor cubano.
1894 Norbert Wiener US, mathematician. He would contribute to many areas of mathematics including cybernetics (a term he coined), stochastic processes, quantum theory and during World War II he worked on gunfire control. Wiener died on 18 March 1964.
1876 Willis Haviland Carrier, inventor of the first air conditioning system to control both temperature and humidity.
1876 Bart Anthony van der Leck, Dutch painter who died in 1958. — more with links to images.
1871 Luigi Sturzo, sacerdote y político italiano.
1867 The refrigerated railroad car is patented by J.B. Sutherland of Detroit, Michigan.
1860 Simoni Stefan Simony, Austrian artist who died in 1950.
1857 Ferdinand de Saussure Switzerland, linguist (Cours de Linguistique Générale)
1832 Mary Edwards Walker US, doctor/women's rights leader
1792 Sarah Moore Grimk‚ US antislavery, women's rights advocate
1395 (before 27 November) Antonio Pisanello (or Pisano) di Puccio, Italian painter, draftsman, and medallist, who was the last and most brilliant artist of the ornate, courtly International Gothic style. He died on 08 October or 14 July 1455. — MORE ON PISANELLO AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.