a 24 November:
2008:: 188 Japanese martyrs are beatified. 52 of them were from Kyoto and were martyred in 1622, and 53 were from Yamagata and were martyred in 1629. The others, of which 11 were from Yatsushiro, were martyred between 1603 and 1639. The martyrs include:
_ the Jesuit priests Peter Kasui Kibe [1587 – 04 Jul 1639] who is the last one martyred, and Didacus Yuki Ryosetsu [1575 – 25 Feb 1636];
_ John Minami Gorozaemon [1568 – 08 Dec 1603] who is the first one martyred; Michele Kusuriya “the Good Samaritan of Nagasaki” [–28 Jul 1633];
_ Jesuit Brother Nicholas Keian Fukunaga [1570 – 31 Jul 1633];
_ Paul Uchibori Sakuemon [–28 Feb 1627], soon after his sons: Balthasar Uchibori [–21 Feb 1627], Anthony Uchibori [1609 – 21 Feb 1627], and Ignatius Uchibori [1622 – 21 Feb 1627];
_ (decapitated on 14 Nov 1609) Gaspar Nishi Genka, 54, his wife Ursula Nishi, 54, and their oldest son John Nishi Mataishi, 24. (another son, Thomas “of Saint Hyacinth” Hioji Nishi Rokyzayemon [1590 – 17 Nov 1634], who became a Dominican priest, also died a martyr, and was canonized on 18 October 1987)
_ (on 12 Jan 1629) Anthony Anazawa Han'emon, his wife Crescentia Anazawa, and their sons Roman Anazawa Matsujiro,13, and Michael Anazawa Osamu, 10;
_ (also on 12 Jan 1629) Vincent Kurogane Ichibiyoe; 25, his wife Thecla Kurogane, 17, and their baby girl Lucy Kurogane, not yet 1-year-old;
_ (also on 12 Jan 1629) Louis Amagasu Iemon, his son Michael Amagasu Tayemon, 34, Michael's wife Dominica Amagasu, and their little girl Justa Amagasu, 2;
_ (also on 12 Jan 1629) .John Banzai Kazue, his wife Aurea Banzai, their son Anthony Banzai Orusu, their daughter Rufina Banzai, Rufina's husband Paul Sanjuro, and Paul and Rufina's children: Paul, 4, and Martha, not yet 1-year-old;
_ (on 06 Oct 1619) John Hashimoto Tahyoe, his wife Thecla Hashimoto, and their children: Catherine, 13, Thomas, 12, Francis, 8, Peter 6, and Louisa, 3.
_ (30 Jan 1636) Ogasawara Yosaburo Gen'ya, his wife Louisa Ogasawara Miya, their six sons (Ogasawara Genpachi, Ogasawara Sasaemon, Ogasawara Sayuemon, Ogasawara Shiro, Ogasawara Goro, Ogasawara Gonnosuke), their three daughters (Ogasawara Mari, Ogasawara Kuri, Ogasawara Tsuchi), and their four servants.
— complete list —(081127)
2007 Pope Benedict XVI [16 Apr 1927~] holds his second consistory, appointing 23 new cardinals
- Leonardo Sandri [18 Nov 1943~], Argentinian, Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches since 09 June 2007, archbishop (as a nuncio) since 11 October 1997.
- John Patrick Foley [11 Nov 1935~], of Pennsylvania, Pro-Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem since 27 June 2007, archbishop (as President of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications) since 08 May 1984.
- Giovanni Lajolo [03 Jan 1935~], Italian, President of the Governatorate of Vatican State since 15 September 2006, archbishop (as Secretary of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See) since 06 January 1989; he has been a nuncio to Germany from 07 Dec 1995 to 07 October 2003, when he was appointed Vatican Secretary for the Relations With States..
- Paul Joseph Cordes [05 Sep 1934~], German who, on 21 Dec 1961, was ordained a priest of the diocese of Paderborn, and, on 01 February 1976, consecrated bishop to be auxiliary of Paderborn. He was appointed, on 11 March 1980, vice-president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, and, on 02 December 1995, archbishop president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum [15 Jul 1971~] (which assists the needy and fosters human fraternity).
- Angelo Comastri [17 Sep 1943~], Italian archbishop who was ordained a priest on 11 March 1967, and, on 12 September 1990 consecrated a bishop to head the diocese of Massa Marittima-Piombino (he resigned on 03 March 1994. On 05 February 2005 he was appointed coadjutor archpriest of Saint Peter’s Basilica (he became archpriest on 31 October 2006) and president of the Fabric of St. Peter.
- Stanislaw Rylko [04 Jul 1945~], Polish, President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity since 04 October 2003, archbishop (as Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity) since 06 January 1996.
- Raffaele Farina S.D.B. [24 Sep 1933~], Italian, Arthbishop Archivist of the Vatican Secret Archives and Librarian of the Vatican Library since 25 June 2007, bishop since 16 December 2006 (when he was Prefect of the Vatican Library sinc 25 May 1997).
- Agustín García-Gasco y Vicente [12 Feb 1931~], Spaniard who was ordained a priest on 26 May 1956 and, on 11 May 1955, consecrated a bishop to be auxiliar of Madrid. On 24 July 1992 he was appointed archbishop of Valencia.
- Seán Baptist Brady [16 Aug 1939~]. archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland (since 01 October 1996), who was ordained a priest on 22 February 1964, and consecrated a bishop on 19 February 1995 (to be coadjutor of Armagh);
- Lluís Martínez Sistach [29 Apr 1937~], Barcelona Catalan who, on 11 September 1961, was ordained a priest of the Barcelona archdiocese, and, on 27 December 1987, consecrated a bishop to be auxiliary of Barcelona. He was appointed bishop of Tortosa on 17 May 1991, archbishop of Tarragona on 20 February 1997, then archbishop of Barcelona on 15 June 2004.
- André Armand Vingt-Trois [07 Nov 1942~], Archbishop of Paris since 11 February 2005, bishop (as Auxliary of Paris) since 14 October 1988; he was appointed Archbishop of Tours on 21 April 1999.
- Angelo Bagnasco [14 Jan 1943~], archbishop of Genoa (appointed 29 Aug 2006) and president of the Italian Bishops’ Conference; who was ordained a priest of the diocese of Genoa on 29 June 1966, and on 03 January 1998 was consecrated a bishop to head the diocese of Pesaro, Italy.
- Théodore-Adrien Sarr [28 Nov 1936~], Archbishop of Dakar, Sénégal, since 02 June 2000, bishop (to head the diocese of Kaolack, Sénégal) since 24 November 1974.
- Oswald Gracias [24 Dec 1944~], since 14 October 2006 Archbishop of Mumbay, India, for which he was, on 16 September 1988, consecrated bishop (as auxiliary); from there he was promoted to archbishop of Agra on 07 September 2000.
- Francisco Robles Ortega [02 Mar 1949~], Archbishop of Monterrey, Nuevo León, México, since 25 January 2003, bishop since 05 June 1991 (as auxiliary bishop of Toluca, where he became the ordinary on 15 June 1996).
- Daniel Nicholas DiNardo [23 May 1949~], since 28 February 2006 Archbishop of Galveston-Houston, Texas, where he had been coadjutor since 16 January 2004; bishop (as coadjutor of Sioux City, Iowa, where he became the ordinary on 28 November 1998).
- Odilo Pedro Scherer [21 Sep 1949~], since 21 March 2007 Archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil, for which he had been consecrated bishop, as auxiliary, on 02 February 2002.
- John Njue [1944~], Archbishop of Nairobi, Kenya, since 06 October 2007, bishop (of Embu, Kenya) since 20 September 1986, promoted to coadjutor archbishop of Nyeri, Kenya, on 09 March 2002
- Emmanuel III Delly [06 Oct 1927~], Iraqi, who, on 21 December 1952, was ordained a priest of the Chaldean Rite diocese of Mossul. On 19 April 1963 he was consecrated a bishop to be auxiliary of the Chadean Rite diocese of Babylon, of which, after retiring on 24 October 2002, he was, on 03 December 2003, appointed patriarch, and archbishop of the Chaldean archdiocese of Baghdad.
- Giovanni Coppa [09 Nov 1925~], Italian who was ordained a priest on 02 January 1949, and on 06 Jan 1980 consecrated bishop to be Apostolic Nuncio to Czechoslovakia and, from 01 Jan 1993, its successors Slovakia (he resigned from this on 02 March 1994) and the Czech Republic (he retired on 19 May 2001)
- Umberto Betti OFM [07 Mar 1922~], Italian priest who was ordained in 1946, and has retired as rector of the Pontifical Lateran University.
- Urbano Navarrete Cortés SJ [25 May 1920~], Spaniard who was ordained a priest in 1952, and has retired as rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University.
- Estanislao Esteban Karlic [07 Feb 1926~], Argentinian who was ordained a priest on 08 December 1954 and, on 15 August 1977 consecrated a bishop to be auxliary of Córdoba. On 01 April 1986 he became archbishop of Paraná, having been appointed coadjutor on 19 January 1983. He retired on 29 April 2003.
* In the list of the new cardinals-to-be, published on 17 October 2007, there was a 24th name: Ignacy Ludwik Jez [31 Jul 1914 – 16 Oct 2007], former bishop of Koszalin-Kolobrzeg, Poland..
** Donald William Wuerl [12 Nov 1940~], archbishop of Washington DC, and Kazimierz Nycz [01 Feb 1950~], archbishop of Warsaw, were considered cardinabili, but they didn't make it this time. —(071126)
2002 Run-off presidential election in Ecuador among the two top vote getters of the 11 candidates in the 20 October 2002 first round. With leftist support, Lucio Gutiérrez, 45 (who got 20.4% in October), gets 54% of the vote and wins over banana-and-shipping billionaire Alvaro Noboa, 52 (who had 17.4% and now gets 46%). Gutiérrez earned his reputation as a corruption fighter in January 2000 when he led a group of disgruntled junior army officers and 5000 Amerindian protesters in a coup that ousted President Jamil Mahuad in the midst of Ecuador's worst economic crisis in decades. Gutiérrez was expelled from the army for his rebellion and spent six months in a military prison.
2002 Elections in Austria. The Social Democrats, led by Alfred Gusenbauer, get 37% of the votes, behind the 42% of 57-years-old Chancellor Schüssel's People's Party, whose coalition partners of the extremist right-wing Freedom Party, led by Jörg Haider, drop from 27% of the vote in the last elections (in 1999) to 10%. The Greens get 9%.
2000 The US Supreme Court intervenes into the presidential election recount, agreeing to consider George W. Bush's appeal against the hand recounting of ballots in Florida.
1999 Elian Gonzalez, 5, drifts in the Florida straits, alone on an inner tube, after his mother and 10 others drowned after their boat capsized as they were trying to reach the US from Cuba.
1998 A federal judge rules that a Virginia library constitutionally could not block Internet pornography from library computers. The court said that, if county libraries chose to offer Internet service, they could not violate the right to free expression on the Net, and that it was unconstitutional for the library to use filtering software.
| 1997 RealNetworks, an Internet pioneer that developed
streaming audio and video technology, makes a public offering on this day
in 1997. The company, once co-owned by Microsoft and formerly called Progressive
Networks, takes in more than $500 million on its first day of trading.
1995 Irish voters passed a referendum removing the constitutional ban on divorce.
1993 The Brady bill handgun-control legislation is passed by the US Congress. President Clinton would signed it into law on 30 November 1993.
1989 After more than a week of popular protests, the hard-line Communist Party leadership resigns in Czechoslovakia, and Czech reform politician Alexander Dubcek makes his first public appearance in Prague since the Soviet invasion of 1968.
1987 The US and the USSR agree to decomission short- and medium-range nuclear missiles.
1983 PLO exchanges 6 Israeli prisoners for 4500 Palestinians & Lebanese
1979 The United States admits that thousands of troops in Vietnam were exposed to the toxic Agent Orange, used for defoliation.
1977 Greece announces the discovery of the tomb of King Philip II, father of Alexander the Great.
1966 1st TV station in Congo, Kinshasa (Za‹re)
1964 Rebellion ends in Zaire
1958 Mali becomes an autonomous state within French Community
1950 UN troops begin an assault into the rest of North Korea, hoping to end the Korean War by Christmas.
1949 The Iron and Steel Act nationalizes the steel industry in Britain.
1944 US bombers based on Saipan, 1st attack Tokyo
1927 US Federal officials battle 1200 inmates who revolted in Folsom Prison.
1912 Austria denounces Serbian gains in the Balkans; Russia and France back Serbia while Italy and Germany back Austria.
1903 Clyde Coleman of NYC patents automobile electric starter
1901 University of Athens held by rioting students opposing translation of the New Testament into modern Greek
1874 Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire, which would make the farming of the Great Plains possible.
1864 Kit Carson and his 1st Cavalry, New Mexico Volunteers, attack a camp of Kiowa Indians in the First Battle of Adobe Walls.
1864 Skirmish at Columbia, Tennessee.
1863 In the Battle Above the Clouds, Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's forces take Lookout Mountain, near Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1860 En France, le Corps législatif acquiert le droit d’adresse. C'est une première atteinte au pouvoir absolu de Napoléon III. Sous la pression de l’opinion et aussi sous l’effet de ses propres penchants politiques, l'empereur entreprend de démocratiser le régime.
1848 à l'imitation des révolutionnaires français, le peuple de Rome fomente une émeute. Le pape s’enfuit à Gaëte.
1655 Oliver Cromwell prohibits Anglican services in favor of Puritan forms.
1642 Abel Janzoon Tasman discovers Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) — Le navigateur hollandais Abal Tasman découvre une île qui portera son nom, la Tasmanie. Cette île des mers australes, à la faune et à la flore originales, fait aujourd’hui partie de la fédération australienne. — Le navigateur hollandais Abel Tasman découvre au large de l'Australie une île à laquelle il donne le nom du gouverneur des Indes Orientales Hollandaises, Van Diemen. En 1853, elle sera rebatisée Tasmanie. Elle dépend administrativement de l'Australie, a un climat chaud et humide ; elle tire l'essentiel de ses ressources de l'agriculture ; l'élevage des bovins y est florissant et les pommes de Tasmanie sont exportées dans le monde entier.
1639 1st observation of transit of Venus occurred (only 2, record event)
1564 First Index of Prohibited books is published with papal approval.
1542 The English defeat the Scots at the Battle of Solway Moss in England.
0642 Theodore I begins his reign as Pope
0496 Anastasius II begins his reign as Pope
— 166 -BC- Origin of Era of Maccabees
2005:: 35 persons including a suicide car bomber at the general hospital in Mahmoudiya, Iraq, which was being visited by US civil affairs soldiers, none of whom is killed. The dead include 7 policemen, 3 Iraqi soldiers, 1 doctor and 5 members of the medical staff. 39 persons are wounded. — (051124)
2005 Five persons including a suicide car bomber at a market in Hilla, Iraq. — (051124)
2005 Three bodyguard as terrorists, in Baghdad, Iraq, shoot at the motorcade of the minister of industry, in which he was not. — (051124)
2005 Four persons whose bodies are are found, tortured, strangled, and shot in Yusifiya, Iraq. — (051124)
2005 Two Iraqi soldiers, by a roadside bomb next to their patrol in Baiji, Iraq. — (051124)
2005 An official in the city council of Tikrit, Iraq, shot by terrorrists. — (051124)
2005 A policeman, in an attack by terrorists in Baghdad, Iraq. Two policemen are wounded. — (051124)
2005 General Mahdi Kassem, former chief of traffic police, assassinated in Baghdad, Iraq. — (051124)
2005 Radi Ismail Jawad, a high-ranking official in the Iraqi Ministry of industry, assassinated in Baghdad, Iraq. — (051124)
2005 Sheikh Fadel Sarhid Ali, three of his sons, and a son-in-law, shot by terrorists dressed as Iraqi soldiers, who broke into his Baghdad home at 04:00 (01:00 UT), after arriving in 10 army-type vehicles. The sheikh was a Sunni Arab tribal chief. — (051124)
2004 Dominic Middleton, 12, and Christina Middleton, 1, shot at 07:15 (12:15 UT) by their father, Everett George, 34, with his 9-mm Hi-Point pistol, in the Middletons' 2nd-floor apartment in the Marion Scott Houses on 129th Street near Lexington Avenue, in Harlem, New York, into which George had forced his way. The pistol jams after the two shots, so that George flees instead of shooting Tishaun Middleton, 31, the children's mother and his former mate, whom, by court order, he was prohibited from approaching. He had sprayed Mace into her face and punched her in the stomach just before shooting the children. He is arrested later. George worked as a probationary prison guard from August 1997 to May 1998, was reinstated on 07 December 2000 and fired on 12 December 2000. His application to the NY City Police was rejected in 2002. At various times he worked as a bouncer at a Midtown nightclub and as a producer at Black Entertainment Records. Dominic Middleton was a shy, mentally handicapped boy.
2004 Arthur Hailey, British-born (05 Apr 1920) Canadian author of novels: Runway Zero-Eight (1958), The Final Diagnosis (1959), In High Places (1960), Hotel (1965), Airport (1968), Wheels (1971), The Moneychangers (1975), Overload (1979), Strong Medicine (1984), The Evening News (1990), Detective (1997). — (051122)
2004 Joseph Hansen, born on 19 July 1923, US author of a series of crime novels featuring the homosexual insurance investigator and detective Dave Brandstetter. Hansen, who also wrote under the pseudonyms Rose Brock and James Colton, began his career as an editor, novelist, and journalist in the mid-1960s. He taught writing at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1977 to 1986. In Fadeout (1970), the first novel to feature Brandstetter, the detective falls in love with a man whom he clears of murder charges. Death Claims (1973) is about surviving the death of a lover. Brandstetter investigates the murder of the owner of a bar for homosexuals in Troublemaker (1975). In Early Graves (1987) he comes out of retirement to trace a serial killer who murders men who have AIDS. Brandstetter also appears in several other novels and in Brandstetter and Others (1984), a collection of short stories. In addition to the Brandstetter series, Hansen wrote the novels A Smile in His Lifetime (1981), Backtrack (1982), Job's Year (1983), and Jack of Hearts (1995), as well as the short-story collections The Dog and Other Stories (1979), Bohannon's Book (1988), and Bohannon's Country (1993). Hansen was also noted for writing poems, teaching workshops, and hosting the 1960's radio show Homosexuality Today. Hansen was married to artist Jane Bancroft [1925-1994] from 1943 to her death. He said that their relationship was that of, “a gay man and a woman who happened to love each other.” Hansen's only survivor was a daughter who underwent a sex change operation to become a “man”. — (051122)
2004 Elijah Mwangale, 65, Kenyan politician, former member of Parliament, and foreign minister from 1983 to 1987. — (051122)
2004 James Wong, 64, Hong Kong lyricist, actor, director, talk show host and author. — (051122)
2004 Larry Brown, US author born on 09 July 1951. — (051122)
2004 Twenty-five fighters of the rebel Sudan Liberation Army, when, in violation of a cease-fire, the government air force bombs the village Tadit, 40 km southwest of the North Darfur capital, El Fasher.
2003 Nfumu-Ngui “Floquet de Neu”, 40, killed for suffering from skin cancer since 2001, at the Barcelona zoo, where he was imprisoned since the age of 3, after have been captured in his native Equatorial Guinea. He was the world's only know albino gorilla. Nfumu was affected by an oculocutaneous albinism that could be equivalent to Type I-B or yellow albinism in human beings. This seems to be associated with reduced but sufficient levels of residual tyorinase activity to produce small amounts of pigment. His skin was totally white and the membranes were pale pink. hairs were also white although in some areas (head and shoulders) they were light cream yellow. Iris was blue to gray and small amounts of pigment were found in the iridial stroma and in the retina. Pigment was absent in the posterior epithelium and the iris was fully translucent on globe transllumination. Nfumu means “white” in the fang language of those who captured him when he was 2, after killing his mother and all his relatives. The Barcelona zoo in vain tried to breed him to produce more albino gorillas. He had 22 children, but all were dark gorillas apparently normal, though all the males were sterile. The zoo even tried to breed him to his own daughters, but Nfumu's standards of morality were higher than those of his jailers, and he always refused to commit incest. Because of his albinism, Nfumu squinted a lot in the bright sunlight and often people mistakenly thought that he was grimacing or angry. [photo below]
|2003:: 43 students, due to fire which starts at 02:00 [23:00 UT on 23 Nov] due to a short-circuit in room 203 on the 2nd floor of a filthy 5-story dormitory of Patrice Lumumba People's Frienship University in Moscow, which housed, 3 instead of the designed 2 to a room, 272 students newly arrived from Vietnam, Ecuador, Tahiti, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Angola, and mostly China, who were awaiting medical check-ups. At least 3 of the deaths and many of the injuries to some 200 persons, were caused by jumping from the upper floors, as one of the two stairwells was blocked, besides the second floor being engulfed in flames. It is 05:30 by the time firefighters put out the fire. [photo below]|
|2002 At least 5 worshippers and one policeman, during
a 19:00 to 19:30 gun battle between Indian security forces and independentist
guerillas who storm the 150-year-old Raghunath temple complex in the city
of Jammu, in Indian-occupied Kashmir.|
2002 John Rawls, of heart failure, incapacitated since a 1995 stroke. Born on 21 February 1921 he was a US political theorist whose A Theory of Justice (1971) insisted that a society ought not to seek the greatest good of the greatest number of people at the expense of the rights of minorities.
2001: 24 persons aboard Crossair Flight LX3597 from Berlin which crashes just after 22:00 as it approaches Zurich Airport to land, with rain and some snow. On board are 28 passengers and five crew members. The plane goes down in a wooded area in Birchwil, some 3 km east of the airport and its middle section is engulfed in a fireball. The plane is a Jumbolino (= Avro RJ), manufactured by Britain's BAE Aircraft Services Group, a small, four-engine jetliner that can seat 97 passengers.
2000 Ghassan Karaan, 20, and Ayfar Hasis, 15, Palestinians killed by Israeli gunfire in rock-throwing clashes in the West Bank towns of Qalqilya and Jenin.
2000 Ziad Abu Jeser, 20, shot more than a dozen times by Israelis, in the Gaza town of Rafah.
2000 Ariel Jeraffi, 40, Israeli of Petah Tikva, the father of three, killed by Palestinian fire as he traveled near Otzarin. Jeraffi, a civilian employed by the IDF, had been carrying out construction work in the settlement of Barkan. Four bullets penetrated the vehicle in which he was traveling, one of them penetrating his flack jacket and piercing his abdomen. The Israeli army imposed a curfew on Otzarin. This brings the total of dead from the al-Aqsa intifadah to 271, at least 85% of whom are Palestinians.
2000 Sami Amer, 32, and Naheed Amer, 26, Palestinian brothers killed by shrapnel from Israeli rocket in the West Bank village of Kufr Kalil, where they were leaders of Fatah.
2000 Sharon Arameh, 25, [photo >] of Ashkelon, Israeli army major, by Palestinian sniper fire in the afternoon, during fighting near the Gaza Strip settlement of Neveh Dekalim.
2000 Six persons, by armed militants who kidnapped them from a bus stop, in Akhala, India. The Lashkar-e-Tayyiba is probably responsible.
1964 Paul Carlson, Christian doctor in the Congo, killed minutes before Belgian paratroops land to attempt rescue of the hostages held by Simba rebels.
1963 Lee Harvey Oswald, 24, alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is shot to death by Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner, at 11:21 in the basement of the Dallas police station, on live TV. — MORE.
1939 Some 120 students in Czechoslovakia, executed by the Gestapo for alleged anti-Nazi plotting.
1750 Frans Breydel, Flemish artist born on 08 September 1679.
1693 Nicolaas Maes (or Maas), Dutch painter specialized in portraits, born in 1634 — MORE ON MAES AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1682 Picard Jean Michel Picart (or Picard), Flemish artist born in 1600.
1572 John Knox Scottish preacher. KNOX ONLINE: The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women , The Order of Excommunication and of Public Repentance
0029 Jesus of Nazareth (?) if marked by the total solar eclipse of 1m58s at 09:35 UT, visible in Judaea at about 12:00 local solar time.
1947 The Pearl, novel by John Steinbeck, is first published.
1934 Martin Charnin Broadway lyricist (Annie, West Side Story)
1909 Gerhard Gentzen, mathematician.
1901 William Vanderbilt (politician)
|1884 Itzhak Ben-Zvi, second president of Israel(1952-63).
He died on 23 April 1963.
1879 Sommerville, mathematician.
1877 Alben W Barkley, Graves County KY, (35th Vice President-D-1949-53). He died on 30 April 1956.
1875 Louis Mathieu Verdilhan, French artist who died on 15 November 1928.
1871 National Rifle Association, is incorporated (NYC) and Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside. is named its first president.
1868 Scott Joplin US, entertainer, King of ragtime music, composer (Maple Leaf Rag, The Entertainer) who died on 01 April 1917.
1864 Henri-Marie-Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, French painter who died on 09 September 1901. — Le peintre Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec naît à Albi, dans une riche famille de la haute aristocratie. — MORE ON TOULOUSE~LAUTREC AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1824 Charles Michel Marie Verlat, Belgian artist who died on 23 October 1890.
1792 Johann Adam Klein, German artist who died on 21 May 1875.
1713 Laurence Sterne Irish-born English novelist and humorist, author of Tristram Shandy (1759-67), an early novel in which story is subordinate to the free associations and digressions of its narrator. He is also known for the novel A Sentimental Journey (1768). He died on 18 March 1768. — STERNE ONLINE: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman — The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman — A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy — A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy.
1689 Gasparo Diziani, Italian artist who died in 1767. — more with links to images.
1683 Carel van Faleus, Dutch artist who died on 27 May 1733.
1632 Benedict de "Baruch" Spinoza, Amsterdam, rationalist philosopher, who died on 21 February 1677. — SPINOZA ONLINE: (in English translations): The Ethics, On the Improvement of the Understanding, On the Improvement of the Understanding, On the Improvement of the Understanding, Selected Works, A Theologico-Political Treatise.
1592 Pieter (or Peeter) Snayers, Flemish artist who died in 1667.
1472 Pietro (or Piero) di Torrigiani (or Torrisano), Italian artist who died in July or August 1528.
|^ 117 martyrs in Vietnam, killed between 1745 and 1862, canonized on 19 June 1988, of whom 108 are listed below. (M.E.P. = Missions Étrangères de Paris _ O.P. = Order of Preachers _ T.O.P. = Third Order of Preachers)|