a 22 November:
2000 Valentin Paniagua became Peru's interim president, following the resignation of disgraced Alberto Fujimori.
1998 Extremistas musulmanes indonesios atacan varias iglesias católicas y realizan linchamientos sobre indonesios católicos, a los que acusan de haberse enriquecido durante el régimen dictatorial de Suharto. .
1997 New Zealanders Robert Hamill and Phil Stubbs arrive in Barbados from the Canary Islands in their boat, Kiwi Challenger, after 41 days, one hour and 55 minutes — a new record for rowing across the Atlantic.
1996 Washington announced a review of airbag safety following reports of deaths caused by air bags during deployment.
| 1996 Martin Bryant, who had gunned down 35 people at
Port Arthur, Australia, was sentenced to life behind bars with no chance
1995 OPEC agreed to maintain its 1994 oil production quotas.
1995 La dirección del principal grupo islámico de Argelia, el FIS reconoce la legitimidad de Liamin Zerual en un gesto sin precedentes, pues la formación integrista boicoteó las elecciones argelinas.
1995 Simón Peres asume la jefatura del Gobierno israelí y el cargo de ministro de Defensa, después del asesinato de Isaac Rabin.
1993 Mexico's Senate approved the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1993 striking American Airline flight attendants agreed to return to work after President Clinton urged both sides in the labor dispute to seek arbitration.
1992 En el Perú, elecciones, boicoteadas por los principales partidos de la oposición, a un Congreso Constituyente Democrático (CCD) en las que C90, ahora asociado a la formación Nueva Mayoría (NM), integrada por figuras no adscritas y representativas de los sectores acomodados y conservadores (que en 1990 prefirieron votar por Vargas Llosa), obtiene 44 de los 80 escaños con el 38,3% de los votos. El 31 de octubre de 1993 se sometió a referéndum el proyecto de Constitución elaborado por el CCD, que, entre otras enmiendas, introducía la reelección del presidente por un segundo período quinquenal, texto que fue aprobado por el 52,9% de los votantes.
1991 Representantes de la Comisión Europea y de Polonia, Checoslovaquia y Hungría firman en Bruselas los acuerdos de asociación a la CE, vía de integración lenta en el organismo.
1989 Conjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn & the Moon
1989 12 US Green Berets are evacuated from the San Salvador Sheraton. They are the last of nearly 100 people trapped when leftist rebels seized the hotel.
1989 En las elecciones parlamentarias de la India, el Partido del Congreso, que ostenta el poder, sufre un fuerte retroceso.
1988 Los conservadores de Martin Brian Mulroney ganan las elecciones generales en Canadá, con mayoría absoluta en el Parlamento.
1978 Las Cortes de España aprueban el Estatuto de Autonomía de Galicia.
1977 Anglo-French supersonic Concorde jetliner begins scheduled flights, on a trial basis, between New York and London or Paris.
1977 A federal judge fines Phillips Petroleum $30'000 for using a clandestine corporate fund to illegally funnel contributions to various political campaigns. The judge also found Phillips guilty of filing false tax reports.
1972 The United States loses its first B-52 of the Vietnam War. The eight-engine bomber is brought down by a North Vietnamese surface-to-air missile near Vinh on this day when B-52s fly their heaviest raids of the war over North Vietnam. The Communists claim 19 B-52s shot down to date.
1960 La ONU admite como delegados del Congo-Léopoldville a los representantes del presidente Joseph Kasavubu y excluye a los de Patrice Emery Lumumba.
1960 Más de dos millones de españoles trabajan en el extranjero.
1953 The first commercially-sponsored program to be broadcast in color: the Colgate Comedy Hour. Commercial television broadcasts in black and white had started in 1946, when Bristol Myers Company sponsored Geographically Speaking on 27 October 1946
1948 Vietnam solicita su admisión en la ONU.
1943 Líbano obtiene la independencia.
1932 Pump patented that computes quantity & price delivered
1924 England orders Egyptians out of Sudan
1923 US President Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death
1918 Rusia suspende las hostilidades contra Alemania, en aplicación del Tratado de Brest-Litovsk.
1906 Le premier ministre russe Stolypine engage une vigoureuse réforme agraire qui commencera des résultats prometteurs mais sera interrompue par la Grande Guerre et la Révolution.
1906 The "SOS" distress signal is adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
1842 Mount St Helens in Washington, erupts.
1831 Les canuts de Lyon se révoltent contre la mécanisation des métiers de la soie, qui menace leur emploi.
1809 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
1633 Irish Catholic Cecil Calvert, 27, sends 20 gentlemen and about 300 laborers, led by send his brothers, Leonard and George, on two ships (the Ark and the Dove) from Ireland to establish a colony in America as a refuge for fellow Catholics. His work later earned Lord Calvert the nickname, "Colonizer of Maryland."
1559 Se publica en España una pragmática de Felipe II que prohíbe a los españoles estudiar en el extranjero. .
1220 Pope Honorius III (elected 18 July 1216) crowns Holy Roman Emperor his former pupil Frederick II of Germany, in St. Peter's, on the promise that Frederick would uphold the rights of the Church, and promote a crusade (this promise was never kept).
0845 Le breton NominoŽ bat les Francs. La Bretagne devient indépendante de la France pour près de sept siècles.
0498 Saint Symmachus is elected Pope, later the same day the minority pro-byzantine party elects Laurentius (antiPope). The rivalry drags on for years, involving the arbitration of the Gothic king Theodoric.
2005 Maniappan Raman Kutty, truck driver from India, murdered at 18:00 in Nimroz province, Afghanistan, by the Taliban, which had abducted him together with 3 Afghans (2 co-workers and a guard) on 19 November 2005, demanding the withdrawal from Afghanistan of the Indian state-owned company Border Road Organisation (BRO) for which they worked on the construction of the Zaranj-Del Aram road, linking Afghanistan with Iran. — (051124)
2004 Nancy Tidd, 61, and Emma Tidd, 40, shot in the head with a shotgun by their grandson and nephew Christopher Sturm, 12, at 17:00 (23:00 UT) in Washington County, Ohio. Christopher is a juvenile delinquent against whom charges are pending for sexual abuse.
2004 Margaret Schlosser, 11 months, after both her arms are cut off at the shoulder by her mother Dena Schlosser, 35, in Plano, Texas.
2004 All three persons aboard a Gulfstream G-1159A jet, whose wings clips a light pole at 06:15 (12:15 UT) 2.5 km from landing in thick fog at Hobby Airport, Houston, Texas. The three dead are the two men pilots and a stewardess. The plane, belonging to Jet Place Inc., was coming from Dallas to take former US president George Bush Sr. [12 Jun 1924~] to give a lecture at the Guayaquil, Ecuador, Chamber of Commerce (Bush postpones it after learning of the accident).
2004 David R. Mortensen, 42, his corpse is found in Boggy Creek, in East Austin, Texas.
2004 Arthur Hopcraft, 71, author, journalist, and playwright. — (051122)
2004 Sheik Faidh Mohamed Amin al-Faidhi, after being shot as he left his home in the morning, in Mosul, Iraq, he was a Sunni cleric, member of the Association of Muslim Scholars.
2004 Denny Drew, 55; deer hunter of the group at which unrelated dear hunter Chai Vang, 26, shot the previous day, killing five on the spot and wounding Drew and two others, near Meteor, Sawyer county, Wisconsin.
2003 Dru Sjodin [26 Sep 1981–] [photo >], abducted from the parking lot of the Columbia shopping mall in Grand Forks ND, and stabbed by Alfonso Rodriguez Jr., 50, when she resists his rape attempt. He is a rapist who was released from a Minnesota prison in May 2003 after serving 23 years for trying to abduct a woman off the street in 1979, and stabbing her when she fought back. University of North Dakota student Sjodin, 22, of Pequot Lakes, Minn., is last heard talking to her boyfriend on a cell phone at 17:10 after she left her job at a Victoria's Secret store; her last words are "Oh, my God," and the phone goes dead. At 20:00 the boyfriend receives a 1-minute silent call from her phone, whose signal would be determined to have come from within 10 km of the phone tower near Fisher and have faded out 24 hours later. Sjodin does not show up for her 21:00 shift at her second job, waitress in a Grand Forks bar. — more — Links to images of her artwork.
2003 At least 10 persons, including a suicide car bomber, at a police station in Khan Bani Saad, on the northeastern outskirts of Baghdad, Iraq. The dead include six policemen, a 5-year-old girl and two other civilians.
2003 Seven policemen, two civilians, and a suicide car bomber, outside the police headquarters in Baquba, some 25 km northeast of Baghdad, Iraq.
2003 A police colonel in Mosul, Iraq, murdered.
2002 Jamal Ali Ismail, 21, from Burij, and Mahmad al Masari, 19, from Beit Hanoun, Islamic Jihad suicide bombers who, at 22:30, explode their fishing boat as an Israeli Navy Dabur gunship approaches, warning them to leave a restricted area off the northern coast of the Gaza Strip. Four Israeli crewmen are wounded.
2002 Iain John Hook, 50, in the Jenin refugee camp, West Bank, where he headed a $27 million rebuilding project of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNWRA). Irishman Hooko a British citizen, was getting out of his office in a small UN compound consisting of several mobile homes. He was holding a mobile phone which an Israeli soldier mistook for a hand grenade and shot Hook repeatedly, hitting him in the abdomen, and he dies while the Israelis prevent an ambulance from reaching him. Israeli troops had surrounded a nearby hideout of a wanted Islamic Jihad leader, Abdullah Naji Wahash, 19, accused of involvement in the October 2002 terror bombing at Karkur Junction, in which 14 Israelis died, and in several other shooting and bombing attacks (Wahash ended up arrested). The Israelis exchanged gunfire with Palestinian militants. Hundreds of Palestinian youngsters threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who then fired at them and called in helicopter gunships. — The Reuters body count of the al-Aqsa intifada reaches at least 1677 Palestinians and 662 Israelis.
2002 Misleh Bilalo, 11, Palestinian boy, in the Jenin refugee camp, West Bank, by Israeli bullet in his left eye.
2002 Israeli Sergeant Major Shigdaf Garmai, 30, from Lod, at 06:50, by an Iz a Din al-Kassam sniper who fires on the patrol in which is Garmai, a tracker, in the northern part of the Gush Katif bloc of enclave settlements near Tel Qateifa, West Bank. After an intensse gunfight, the sniper escapes.
2001 Some 50 persons, by landslide in abandoned gold mine where they were among some 200 digging in hope of finding remnants of gold, in Filadelfia, Caldas state, Colombia.
2001 Five al-Astal cousins: Akram Na’im, 6, his brother Mohammed Na’im, 14; the two brothers Anies, 12, and Omar Idris, 13; and Muhammad Sultan, 12, by an Israeli landmine, on their way to school at about 07:30 in the Khan Younis refugee camp, Gaza Strip. Working nearby, brothers Soliman Deeb al-Astal, 15, and Ahmad al-Astal, 22, are injured. Initially the Israeli army suggests that the explosion may have been from a Palestinian terrorist bomb. Then it says that that it has planted a bomb in a sandbagged position from which Palestinian militants fired at Jewish settlements. At last, on 20 December 2001, after an investigation, the Israeli military admits to professional mistakes and mistaken decisions and says that Several officers will be reprimanded (if they had been Palestinians who had done the same to Jewish children, they would be targeted for assassination by the Israelis).
2001 All 21 villagers on board overcrowded boat which capsizes in the Ghaghra River at Rudauli, India.
1999 El número tres del principal grupo islámico de Argelia, el FIS, asesinado tras recibir varios disparos.
1996 Garrett Birkhoff, mathematician.
1989 René Moawad, newly elected Lebanese President, and 17 others, in bomb blast in Syrian-patrolled Moslem West Beirut.
1982 Burton Turkus, 80, lawyer/author/TV host (Mr Arsenic)
1963 John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 46, 35th US President, shot dead in Dallas, Texas ( by Lee Harvey Oswald ??). 10 months later would be issued the Warren Report, giving the official account of what happened. — MORE
1963 J. D. Tippit, Dallas Police patrolman, shot by Lee Harvey Oswald whom Tippit was attempting to arrest, at approximately 13:15 (45 minutes after the Kennedy assassination) Oswald flees to a movie theater where he is arrested at about 13:55. At 19:10 he is charged with the Tippit murder. At about 01:35 the next day, he would be charged with the Kennedy murder.
1963 C.S.Lewis, 65, Anglican scholar, novelist and Christian apologist. Well known for his children's classic, The Chronicles of Narnia (1950-56), Lewis also wrote other Christian classics, including The Screwtape Letters (1943), The Great Divorce (1946), and. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.
1963 Aldous Leonard Huxley English novelist. ("Brave New World" )
|1944 Arthur S. Eddington, 62, mathematician and physicist, who in a Tarner lecture in 1938 said: "I believe there are 15'747'724'136'275'002'577'605'653'961'181'555'468'044'717'914'527'116'709'366'231'425'076'185'631'031'296 protons in the universe and the same number of electrons." [the number is equal to 136 x 2^256] [however, I insist that a manual recount is necessary and that, including the absentee particles, it might well show that there are exactly 15'747'724'136'275'002'577'605'653'961'181'555'468'044'717'914'527'116'709'366'231'425'076'185'631'031'692 protons and 15'747'724'136'275'002'577'605'653'961'181'555'468'044'717'914'527'116'709'366'231'425'076'185'631'031'926 electrons.]|
|1944 Joseph Marie Auguste Caillaux, político francés.
1943 Lorenz Hart, 48, in New York, lyricist.
1907 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German artist born on 08 February 1876. — more with links to images.
1896 George Washington Gale Ferris inventor (Ferris wheel)
1890 Frank Buchser, Swiss artist born on 15 August 1828. The first of the following links, which has nothing to do with Buchser, is to a question to which it is the answer. — Relate it to the Kalevala. — more with links to images.
1843 Pieter Frans de Noter, Belgian artist born on 23 February 1779.
1822 Peter Paul Joseph Noël, Belgian artist born on 11 April 1789.
1784 Frisi, mathematician.
1781 Jan Ekels I, Dutch artist born on 21 November 1724.
1726 Antonio-Domenico Gabbiani, Italian artist born on 13 February 1652. — more with links to images.
0365 Felix II, Pope
1942 Ruslan Imranovich Jasbulatov, político y economista ruso.
1940 Terry Gilliam, writer / director — actor, director e ilustrador estadounidense.
1935 Bodas de sangre, obra teatral de Federico García Lorca se estrena en Barcelona.
1913 Benjamin Britten, composer
1907 Alberto Moravia, escritor italiano.
1905 James Burnham philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
1901 Joaquín Rodrigo, compositor español.
1898 Wiley Post, the first pilot to fly solo around the world.
1864 Wilhelm List, Austrian artist who died on 09 February 1918.
1860 Cecilio Pla y Gallardo, pintor español.
1857 George Gissing, English novelist who died on 28 December 1903.
1856 Heber J. Grant Salt Lake City, 7th President of Mormon church.
1841 Manuel Aguirre, escultor español.
1840 Lemoine, mathematician.
1803 José María de Heredia, poeta cubano.
1788 Albertus-Jonas Brandt, Dutch artist who died on 1821.
1787 Anthony-Vandyke Dopley Fielding, British artist who died on 03 March 1855. — more with links to images.
1766 Camilo Torres y Tenorio, político y abogado colombiano.
1648 Antoine Pierre Patel II, French artist who died on 15 March 1707.
1643 René Robert de la Salle, French explorer of North America