a 17 November:
2005 Presidential election in Sri Lanka. Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapakse or Rajapaksha [18 Nov 1945~] (United Peoples Freedom Alliance) wins narrowly over opposition leader Ranil Wickremesinghe [24 Mar 1949~] (United National Party), a former Prime Minister (07 May 1993 - 19 Aug 1994 and 09 Dec 2001 - 06 Apr 2004]. The other 11 candidates, who trail far behind, are: Wimal Geeganage (Sri Lanka National Front), Chamil Jayaneththi (New Left Front), Ajith Kumara Jayaweera Arachchige (Democratic Unity Alliance), Siritunga Jayasuriya (United Socialist Party), P. Nelson Perera (Sri Lanka Progressive Front), Wije Dias (Socialist Equality Party), Anura de Silva (United Lalith Front), Achala Ashoka Suraweera (Jathika Sangwardhena Peramuna), Aruna de Soyza (Ruhunu Janatha Party), Victor Hettigoda (Eksath Lanka Podujana Pakshaya), Hewaheenipallage Shantha Dharmadwaja (United National Alternative Front). — (051116)
2003 A prime number larger than any previously known is found by the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search, which uses the idle idle time of the ordinary computers of some 211,000 volunteers, one of whom, Michigan State University graduate student Michael Shafer, 26, sees it appear on his computer. The search has taken 2 years and a total of 25'000 years of computer time on the computers in the project. The number is 2^20'996'011 – 1. It is a Mersenne prime (the 40th known), i.e. 20'996'011 is a prime. Written in the usual decimal notation, it would be a 1 followed by 6'320'429 digits, which, on a computer screen like mine (40 lines of 150 characters each), would require 1054 screens to show completely. The previous largest prime (the 39th known Mersenne prime) was discovered on 14 November 2001.
2002 First ever elections in Peru for 25 new regional governments, in which the party of President Alejandro Toledo is roundly defeated and the Aprista party led by ex-president Alan García wins big.
2002 A baby sitter with five children in her car is arrested for drunken driving after she passed out at a rest stop and one of her charges, a 7-year-old girl, used a cell phone to call 911. Linda Hebert, 40, of Picayune, Miss., is found slumped over the steering wheel and the car is still running. The children are unhurt. Hebert's blood-alcohol level registers 0.27 on a breath test, well over the 0.10 limit. Deputies said that they had to use pepper spray when Hebert became "combative". Two of the children, ages 5 and 9, were Hebert's. The others, 4, 6, and 7, were left in her care by a woman who expected Hebert to keep them in Picayune, more than 30 km from the Interstate 12 rest stop near Covington where the car was found. A passer-by at the rest stop let the 7-year-old call for help.
2001 Elections in Kosovo for a 120-seat assembly that in turn will choose a president and form the Kosovo administration to govern alongside the UN officials and NATO-led peacekeepers who drove Milosevic's Yugoslav (Serb) criminal forces out of Kosovo in 1999. The small Serb minority remaining in Kosovo is guaranteed at least 10 seats in the assembly, it could have gotten 20 seats if their turnout had been high, but it isn't. Pacifist ethnic Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova's Democratic League of Kosovo wins 46% of the vote, in what he calls a step toward Kosovo's "independence, freedom, democracy, prosperity, and economic development." The party of former ethnic Albanian rebel leader Hashim Thaci, the Democratic Party of Kosovo, finishes second with 25%.
2000 The Florida Supreme Court froze the state's presidential tally, forbidding Secretary of State Katherine Harris from certifying results of the marathon vote count just as Republican George W. Bush was advancing his minuscule lead over Democrat Al Gore. Also, a federal appeals court refused to block recounts under way in two heavily Democratic counties.
| 1993 US Congress votes for NAFTA
1988 Benazir Bhutto wins election in Pakistan
1973 US President Nixon tells Associated Press managing editors meeting in Orlando, Florida "...people have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook" [just what a used car salesman would say]
1959 De Beers firm of South Africa announces synthetic diamond
1949 Czech clergy are told by their bishops to prepare to renounce state stipends rather than play Judas by doing the state’s will.
1948 Britain's House of Commons votes to nationalize steel industry
|1938 Italy passes its own version of the anti-Jewish
1931 Charles Lindbergh inaugurates Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat American Clipper.
1918 German troops evacuate Brussels.
1903 Vladimir Lenin's efforts to impose his own radical views on the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits the party into two factions, the Bolsheviks, who support Lenin, and the Mensheviks.
1885 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria.
1877 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia.
1864 Skirmish at Maysville, Alabama
1862 Union General Ambrose Burnside marches north out of Washington, D.C., to begin the Fredericksburg campaign.
1860 Orélie-Antoine de Tounens (12/05/1825-20/09/1878), aventurier français, originaire de Chourgnac en Dordogne arrive au Chili en 1858. L'année suivante, il gagne l'Araucanie où il se fait proclamer roi des Araucauniens et des Patagons le 17 novembre 1860. Il est arrêté en 1862 par les Chiliens qui le jugent à Santiago et le déclarent fou. Il rentre en France en 1863. Il fera deux tentatives pour retourner en Araucanie en 1869 et en 1874. Il meurt dans la misère à Tourtoirac en 1878.
1858 Origin of Modified Julian Period.
1667 Racine offre à la Cour la première représentation d'Andromaque.
1636 Henrique Dias, Brazilian general, wins a decisive battle against the Dutch in Brazil.
1278 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
2005 Andy Stevens, 37, California traffic policeman shot during a traffic stop on a rural road north of Sacramento. —(060807)
2005 32 insurgents among those attacking US and Iraqi troops in Ramadi, Iraq, in various spots but mostly near the Al-Karber Mosque. A US Marine and an Iraqi soldier suffer minor injuries. —(051118)
2005 A US Marine killed in Haditha, Iraq. —(051118)
2005 A US soldier in a traffic accident near Beiji, Iraq. —(051118)
2005 A US soldier in a traffic accident near Balad, Iraq. —(051118)
2004 Thomas Grove, 61, a few hours after collapsing (heart attack?) at 15:55 (20:55 UT) while at the wheel of an Amtrak shuttle bus near the top of the Sunshine Skyway bridge at St. Petersburg, Florida. The bus slammed into the 1-meter-high concrete guard wall, and was prevented from falling 60 meters into Tampa Bay by being brought to a stop by one of the 5 passengers, Kenneth McAllister, 70.
2004 Eleven persons, including a suicide car bomber who drives into a US convoy during fierce fighting in Beiji, Iraq. 12 persons are wounded.
2002 Aubrey Solomon Meir Abba Eban [photo >], great Israeli diplomat born in South Africa on 02 February 1915, who grew up in England, and spoke 10 languages. Ambassador to the UN, he obtained on 29 November 1947 the two-third majority needed for the partition Palestine and the creation of a Jewish state. Then he became simultaneously ambassador to the US (1950-1959). He was elected to the Knesset in 1959, became education minister, deputy prime minister, and from 1966 to 1974 foreign minister, after which he remained in the Knesset until 1988. He criticized the refusal to give up conquered territory, saying that Israel was "tearing up its own birth certificate. Israel's birth is intrinsically and intimately linked with the idea of sharing territory and sovereignty." Yet he once said that the Arabs "never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity" to make peace with Israel. Among his 8 major books are an autobiography, and Heritage: Civilization and the Jews — The New Diplomacy — Diplomacy for the Next Century. — EBAN ONLINE: 4 speeches: The Armistice Agreements - Statement to the Security Council (04 Aug 1949) — Jerusalem and the Holy Places - Statement to the Trusteeship Council (20 Feb 1950) — The Six Day War - Statement to the Security Council (06 Jun 1967) — The Yom Kippur War and Aftermath - Statement to the General Assembly (08 Oct 1973)
2002 Billy Joe Hall, 54, driving, and his wife Dorris Jean Hall, 52, in one Jeep Cherokee, and her sister Sheila Wentworth, 45, driving another Jeep Cherokee, in a 100 km/h head-on collision at a bend in two-lane Highway 25, near Sixmile, Alabama (33º00'28"N 87º00'20"W), at 16:15. Dorris and Sheila, daughters of Talmadge Smith (who died in 1973 of a heart attack along Highway 25), were each on her way to make an unannounced visit to the other. The Halls' grand-daughter Amber survives with injuries, as does Sheila 's young nephew Frankie Wentworth. The Halls lived in a trailer in Montevallo (33º06'33"N 86º51'04"W). Sheila lived with her husband Brian Wentworth in a little brick house in Centreville (32º57'32"N 87º07'58"W), a logging hub, 37 km by road to the west-south-west, Sixmile being about halfway (17 km from Centreville, 20 km from Montebello).
2002:: 17 prisoners, by suffocation, while awaiting a hearing, among 130 in a cell designed for 30 is Rujewa, Tanzania, to where they had been transported from Ruanda Remand Prison in Mbeya, 100 km away.
2002 Adam Morrell, 14 [< photo], in Loughborough, England, after having been tortured for hours, by being kicked, punched, and stamped on at least 280 times by a gang led by Matthew Welsh, 18, and including his girlfriend, Sarah Morris, 16, his best friend, Nathan Barnett, 26, and Daniel Biggs, 18. They then cut his completely disfigured body into pieces which they dump in various locations. The five had been taking the drug ecstasy, smoking cannabis, and drinking alcohol. Morrell, an unruly boy, had been staying with the others, away from his home, since 14 November. On 18 December 2003, Welsh, son of a policeman, is sentenced to 20-years-to-life in prison, Morris to 4 years, and Barnett is ordered detained indefinitely under the Mental Health Act after he pleaded guilty to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility. Biggs is cleared of murder and inflicting grievous bodily harm but, having admitted to conspiring to pervert the course of justice, is sentenced to 2Ĺ years in prison.
2000 Sharami Dudagov, and Khasmagomed Tsumtsayev, respectively Russian-imposed puppet administrator and deputy of the south-eastern Chechen village Mesker-Yurt, killed by Chechen patriots.
1997: 58 foreign tourists, 2 Egyptian guides, 2 Egyptian policemen, and 6 attackers, Islamic militants, outside the Temple of Hatshepsut, in Luxor, Egypt.
1986 Georges Besse, president of Renault, shot to death by leftists of the Direct Action Group in Paris
1974 Erskine Hamilton Childers, 68, Dublin Irish statesman and fourth president of the Irish Republic (1973-74). He was the second Protestant to hold the office. His father, Robert Erskine Childers, was a leader of the struggle for Irish independence, but was executed on 24 November 1922 during the Irish civil war.
^ 1972 Barbara Baekeland, daughter-in-law of Bakelite inventor, murdered by son
Wealthy socialite Barbara Baekeland is stabbed to death with a kitchen knife by her 25-year-old son, Antony, in her London, England, penthouse. When police arrived at the scene, Antony was calmly placing a telephone order for Chinese food. Antony's grandfather, Leo Baekeland, acquired his family's fortune with the creation of Bakelite, an early plastic product. Though financially successful, the family was far from stable. Leo's son Brooks was a decadent adventurer and a self-described writer who rarely put pen to paper. Brooks' wife Barbara, a model and would-be Hollywood starlet, had her own problems: she attempted suicide several times and was reportedly so deeply distressed by her son Antony's homosexuality that she attempted to seduce him as a "cure." Though Antony displayed signs of schizophrenia, his father called psychiatry "professionally amoral" and refused to pay for treatment. Barbara and Antony's tempestuous mother-son relationship worried her friends. Indeed, Antony's erratic behavior was cause for concern, and over the years the two had several threatening arguments involving knives. After the murder, Antony was institutionalized at Broadmoor until a bureaucratic mistake resulted in his release in July 1980. He then relocated to New York City, where he lived with his grandmother for a short time until he beat and stabbed her to death in 1980. Antony was sent to Riker's Island, where he suffocated himself to death on 20 March 1981.
1958 Frank Cadogan Cowper, English painter born on 16 October 1877. . — MORE ON COWPER AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1958 Taniyama, mathematician.
1953 Pierre Humbert, mathematician.
1941 Ernst Udet, German Luftwaffe general and World War I fighter-ace, suicide. The Nazi government tells the public that he died in a flying accident.
1918 Influenza deaths reported in the United States have far exceeded World War I casualties.
1917 Auguste Rodin, Meudon, France, born on 12 November 1840, he was famous as a sculptor, but was also an author and painter. — MORE ON RODIN AT ART 4 NOVEMBER 12 with links to images.
1668 Joseph Alleine, 34, English Puritan, having burned himself out for the Lord. He wrote Alleine's Alarm.
1862 Ramsay Richard Reinagle, British painter born on 19 May 1775. — more with links to images.
1842 John Varley, English painter born on 17 August 1778. — MORE ON VARLEY AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1814 Gottfried Mind (or Mindt) le RaphaŽl des Chats, Swiss artist born in 1768. [It seems that the Internet has lost its Mind, if it ever had one: I cannot find there any reproduction of a work by this artist]
1767 Giovanni Battista Pittoni, Venetian painter of religious, historical, and mythological pictures, born in 1686 (or 1687?). — MORE ON PITTONI AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1632 Gottfried Heinrich, Graf zu Pappenheim, born on 29 May 1594, dies from wounds received the previous day at the battle of Lützen.
1494 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian Renaissance humanist philosopher and scholar born on 24 February 1463. He was a friend of Girolamo Savonarola [21 Sep 1452 – 23 May 1498], Angelo “Poliziano” [14 Jul 1454 – 24 Sep 1494], and Girolamo Benivieni; and the uncle of Gianfrancesco Pico della Mirandola [1469 – 15 Oct 1533]. — (060725)
1231 Elizabeth of Hungary. Spurned by her family for her faith and charities, she also cared for lepers.
0680 Hilda of Whitby, the influential abbess of Northumbria, England.
0594 Gregory of Tours, historian of the Franks and the Bishop of Tours, France.
0375 Valentinian, the Emperor of the West, of apoplexy in Pannonia in Central Europe, enraged by the insolence of barbarian envoys.
0270 Death of Gregory Thaumaturgus, a well-loved bishop in Pontus and the author of the first Christian biography (on Origen). He is said to have experienced the first apparition of Mary.
1996 Windows CE, an operating system for hand-held devices, introduced by Microsoft. The Winpad, Microsoft's previous attempt to enter the market for hand-held devices, had failed in 1994. The new operating system was designed to communicate with Windows 95 machines and run devices that could synchronize data with desktop applications.
1887 Bernard Law Montgomery, British field marshal who defeated Rommel in North Africa and led Allied troops on D-Day in World War II. He died on 24 March 1976. — Le maréchal anglais Montgomery of Alamein.
1878 Grace Abbott, activist for immigrants' and children's rights, in Grand Island, Nebraska.
1854 Josef Reznicek Gisela, Austrian artist who died on 24 August 1899.
1799 Titian Ramsey Peale US artist and naturalist (American Ornithology) who died in 1885. — more with links to images.
1793 Francis Danby, English painter of Irish birth, specialized in landscapes, who died on 10 February 1861. — MORE ON DANBY AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1790 August Ferdinand Möbius, mathematician inventor (Mobius strip)
1690 Noël-Nicolas Coypel, French painter who died on 14 December 1734. — MORE ON COYPEL AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1612 Pierre Mignard I le Romain, French artist who died on 13 May 1695 — MORE ON MIGNARD AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1597 Gellibrand, mathematician.
1587 Joost van den Vondel Cologne Germany, Dutch poet/dramatist (Jephtha)