a 13 November:
2012 Total eclipse of the sun, best seen at 40ºS 161ºW where it lasts 4 minutes.
2008 Cardinal Francis Stafford [26 Jul 1932~], head of the Apostolic Penitentiary in the Vatican, at the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family at the Catholic University in Washington DC 20017 (415 Michigan Ave. NE #225), makes a lecture entitled Pope Paul VI and Pope John Paul II: “Being True with Body and Soul”, which includes criticism of the pro-abortion campaign rhetoric of US president-elect Barack Hussein Obama [04 Aug 1961~]. The lecture is in three parts:
1) the narrow, calculative, mathematical mind and its manipulation of the humanum and, more specifically, of human sexuality since 1968;
2) the response of the Church’s magisterium in the encyclical letter of Pope Paul VI [26 Sep 1897 – 06 Aug 1978], Humanae Vitae (of 25 July 1968) and teachings of later Popes;
3) other Catholic philosophical and theological responses to the increasingly disenchanted world in which we work and pray.
— full prepared text —(081129)
2005 Pope Benedict XVI [16 Apr 1927~] declares Blessed: Charles de Foucauld [15 Sep 1858 – 01 Dec 1916], Maria Pia Mastena [07 Dec 1881 – 28 Jun 1951], and Maria Crocifissa Curcio [30 Jan 1877 – 04 Jul 1957].
2004 In a letter to the faithful, Boston's Catholic archbishop Seán O'Malley [29 Jun 1944~] defends his plan to reduce from 357 to 282 the number of parishes of the archdiocese, whose financial status is "much worse than people realize", due to a 50% decline in contributions following the clergy sex abuse scandal , and to stock market losses; besides that, the priests are aging, as the yearly ordinations have declined from 50 to 7; and attendance is down. Parishioners from 8 churches that were to be shut down are holding round-the-clock prayer vigils in them to keep them open. On 06 November 2004, Immaculate Conception Church in Winchester, Massachusetts, was closed after parishioner Gene Sweeney, 69, was brutally arrested for refusing to leave after the final mass.
2002 After the pre-opening announcement that Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) would acquire Orapharma (OPHM) for $7.41 a share, OPHM on the NASDAQ surges from its previous close of $4.54 to an intraday high of $7.40 and closes at $7.28, as 4 million of its 13.6 million shares are traded. It had traded as low as $2.81 as recently as 06 May 2002. OPHM has started trading at $31.25 on 06 March 2000 and dropped to $6.75 on 10 April 2000.
2002 In the US House of Representatives, the Republican caucus decides without delay to go with DeLay. Creationist biologist Tom the Hammer DeLay, of Texas, currently majority whip, is unapposed to succeed as majority leader Dick Armey, also of Texas..
2001 The Taliban abandons Kabul and, contrary to the wishes of Pakistan espoused by the US, some Northern Alliance forces move in to maintain order.
2001 The US Conference of Catholic Bishops votes 186-to-63 to elect Bishop Wilton Gregory, 53, of Belleville, Illinois, its vice-president [at left in photo below], to a 3-year term as president, succeeding Bishop Joseph Fiorenza of Galveston-Houston, Texas [at right in photo]. Born in Chicago, Gregory was ordained a priest in 1973 and became a bishop in 1983, serving for 10 years as auxiliary bishop under the late Cardinal Joseph Bernardin in Chicago. He was installed as Belleville's bishop in 1994.
Bishop William Skylstad, 67, of Spokane, Washington, is elected vice president, which puts him next in line for the presidency in 2004. Skylstad defeated Archbishop Justin Rigali of St. Louis in a runoff, 141-110. Born in Omak, Washington, Skylstad has led the Spokane diocese since 1990. He has served as conference liaison to Catholic Charities USA and is a member of bishops' committees on social justice and interreligious affairs.
2000 Lawyers for George W. Bush failed to win a court order barring manual recounts of ballots in Florida. Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris announced she would end the recounting at 17:00 the next day, prompting an immediate appeal by lawyers for Al Gore.
2000 Philippines President Joseph Estrada is impeached by the Philippine House of Representatives, on charges that he received millions of dollars in payoffs from illegal gambling operators and tobacco taxes.
1998 Es detenido en Italia Abdulá Ocalan, líder del Partido de los Trabajadores del Kurdistán (PKK) y promotor de la principal guerrilla kurda en Turquía.
1997 Iraq expelled the American members of the UN team that'd been sent to verify Iraq's compliance with UN directives.— Los inspectores de la ONU abandonan Irak y el Congreso de Estados Unidos autoriza el uso de la fuerza militar en el Golfo Pérsico.
1997 El catedrático de Derecho Administrativo y antiguo director del CSIC, Alejandro Nieto, obtiene el Premio Nacional español de Ensayo por la obra Los primeros pasos del Estado constitucional.
1996 Microsoft says that it will work with British Telecom and MCI to offer intranet services to multinational businesses. British Telecom had announced a few days earlier that it would acquire MCI for $20 billion.
| 1996 A grand jury in St. Petersburg, Fla., declined
to indict police officer Jim Knight, who had shot Black motorist TyRon Lewis
to death the previous month; the decision prompted angry mobs to return
to the streets.
1996 An all-White jury in Pittsburgh acquitted a suburban police officer, John Vojtas, in the death of Black motorist Jonny Gammage in a verdict that angered Black activists.
1996 Sgt. Loren B. Taylor, a drill sergeant who'd had sex with three women recruits at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., is given five months in prison and a bad-conduct discharge in the first sentencing of the burgeoning Army sex scandal.
1996 A prime number larger than any previously known is found by the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search, which uses the idle idle time of the ordinary computers of thousands of volunteers, one of whom, programmer Joel Armengaud, 29, from Paris, sees it appear on his computer. The number is 2^1'398'269 – 1. It is a Mersenne prime (the 35th known), i.e. 1'398'269 is a prime. Written in the usual decimal notation, it would be an 8 followed by 420'919 digits, which, on a computer screen like mine (40 lines of 150 characters each), would require 71 screens to show completely. The 39th known Mersenne prime would be discovered on 14 November 2001 and the 40th on 17 November 2003.
1992 a group of Peruvian military officers tried unsuccessfully to assassinate President Fujimori and overthrow the government..
1991 The US House of Representatives approved a Senate-passed bill guaranteeing many workers up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for family emergencies.
1991 El Gobierno y la guerrilla de Mozambique firman en Roma un acuerdo parcial para terminar con una guerra civil que dura ya 15 años y convocar elecciones democráticas.
1986 US violates Iran arms boycott
1986 La URSS anuncia la retirada de todos sus misiles nucleares de medio alcance de la península de Kola y la mayor parte de los de Leningrado y el Báltico.
1982 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington [with no redeeming artistic value]..
1979 Ronald Reagan in NY announces his candidacy for President
1978 Se inaugura en París una escultura monumental del escultor y pintor catalán Joan Miró Ferra. (20 Apr 1893 25 Dec 1983) — LINKS — [Scupture by Joan Miró and Grande Arche at La Défense in Paris. Click to zoom in >].
1977 The comic strip "Li'l Abner" by Al Capp appeared in newspapers for the last time.
1975 La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declara al mundo "libre de viruela" (no obstante, en 1977 se produjo todavía un foco importante con 2000 enfermos en Somalia).
1974 Yasser Arafat told the UN General Assembly that the goal of the Palestine Liberation Organization was to establish an independent state of Palestine.
1971 The US space probe Mariner 9 went into orbit around Mars. — Entra en órbita la sonda estadounidense "Mariner IX" con la misión de estudiar el planeta Marte.
1970 Lt Gen Hafez al-Assad becomes PM of Syria following military coup — El ministro de Defensa sirio, Hafez Assad, asume el poder mediante un golpe de Estado y disuelve la jefatura civil del partido Baas.
1970 Miembros del movimiento Tupamaro roban más de 300 millones de pesos (entre joyas y efectivo) en el departamento de préstamos del Banco de la República Uruguaya, en lo que fue uno de los robos más importantes de la historia del país.
1962 The name of St. Joseph was added to the canon of the Roman Catholic mass. It constituted the first alteration made to this canon since the seventh century.
1954 Concesión del premio de novela corta Café Gijón a Carmen Martín Gaite, por El balneario, y María Josefa Canellada, por Penal de Ocaña
1950 El Consejo permanente de ministros de Asuntos Exteriores de la OTAN exige una rápida decisión respecto a la creación de un ejército europeo.
1949 El Partido Nacional, dirigido por Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, obtiene todos los escaños del Parlamento portugués.
1946 1st artificial snow produced from a natural cloud, Mt Greylock, MA
1945 Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France. — La Asamblea Constituyente proclama unánimemente a Charles De Gaulle jefe del Gobierno provisional francés.
1945 Ahmed Sukarno asume la presidencia de Indonesia.
1942 En el contexto de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, las tropas británicas lideradas por Montgomery liberan la ciudad libanesa de Tobruk, tomada en junio por los alemanes.
1942 Lt Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower flies to Algeria to conclude an agreement with French Admiral Jean Darlan. The Admiral would be assassinated soon after.
1940 US Supreme Court rules in Hansberry v. Lee that Negroes cannot be barred from white neighborhoods.
| 1936 El gobierno de Burgos ordena el estampillado de
los billetes del Banco de España.
1935 Estallan multitud de revueltas antibritánicas en Egipto.
1921 The US, France, Japan, and the British Empire sign a Pacific Treaty.
1920 Hudson River frozen at Albany (1820?)
1918 Se firma el armisticio entre Hungría y los Aliados en el contexto de la Primera Guerra Mundial.
1918 La Rusia soviética deroga el tratado de paz de Brest-Litovsk con Alemania y propone nuevas negociaciones de paz.
1913 Se legaliza en China la disección de cadáveres.
1898 Manifiesto de Joaquín Costa reclamando una revolución desde el poder (un "cirujano de hierro") para salvar a España.
1897 The first metal dirigible is flown from Tempelhof Field in Berlin.
1895 1st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
1889 El cirujano estadounidense Charles McBurney muestra en Nueva York sus éxitos en las operaciones tempranas de apendicitis.
1879 NYSE Gets Connected The burgeoning communications industry joined hands with Wall Street on this day in 1879, as the New York Stock Exchange made the move to the modern era, installing telegraph and phone lines.
1878 New Mexico Governor Lew Wallace offers amnesty to many participants of the Lincoln County War, but not to gunfighter Billy the Kid.
1865 US issues 1st gold certificates.
1842 Estalla una insurrección que motivó el bombardeo de Barcelona por orden de Espartero, regente de España.
1839 1st US anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in NY
1835 Texans officially proclaim independence from Mexico, and calls itself the Lone Star Republic, after its flag, until its admission to the Union in 1845.
1833 A meteor shower shakes up many New Englanders who believe the end of the world has come.
1830 Oliver Wendell Holmes publishes "Old Ironsides"
1644 Baptists are banished from Massachussetts.
1618 In the Dutch commune of Dordrecht, the Synod of Dort convened to discuss the Arminian controversy vexing the Reformed faith, but invites no Arminians for another month. In the end, about 200 Arminian (Remonstrant) ministers were deposed and fifteen were placed under arrest and later expelled from the country. One was beheaded for high treason..
1564 Pius IV ordered his bishops and scholars to subscribe to "Professio Fidei," the Profession of the Tridentine Faith recently formulated at the Council of Trent (1545_63) as the new and final definition of the Roman Catholic faith.
1494 Derrota de los guanches en los alrededores de La Laguna, que supuso la conquista por parte de los españoles de la isla canaria de Tenerife.
1474 In the Swiss-Burgundian Wars, Swiss infantry shatters the army of Charles the Bold at Hericourt near Belfort, countering his march to Lorraine.
1332 La ville de Lucerne s'allie aux cantons paysans dans leur lutte contre la tutelle des Habsbourg. C'est l'ébauche de la future confédération helvétique.
2006 Artemio Benítez Pérez; Filemón (and Antonio Mayo?) Benitez Pérez; María Pérez Pérez; Marta (or Martha) Pérez Pérez*, María Pérez Hernández (or María Pérez González)*, María Núñez González*, Petrona Núñez González*; Pedro Núñez Pérez*; Eliver (or Elizabeth) Benítez Pérez*; Antonio (or Hilario) Pérez López*; Dominga (or Domingo) Pérez López*; Felícitas (or Felicito) Pérez Parcero*; Noilé (or Noyli) Benítez Pérez*, 8; and a newborn not yet baptized*; some or all of them Tzeltal Amerindians among the group illegally occupying (since 1986) the communally farmed Ejido Dr. Manuel Velasco Suárez II (“Viejo Velasco Suárez”) in the remote Monte Azules region of the municipio Ocosingo in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. They are killed in an attack by a group of the rightful ejidatarios, who are Lacandon Amerindians (some of which may be among the dead). Warnings of threats to this and 3 other similar communities ((Flor de Cacao, Ojo de Agua El Progreso, and San Jacinto Lacanjá) have been purposefully ignored by the authorities. (the names were compiled from a list of 11 and a list of 14, those on both lists, possibly with variants of names as noted, are marked with *) —(061115)
2005 Michael F. Borden, 50, and his wife Cathryn Lee Borden, 50, shot in their L, Pennsylvania, home by David G. Ludwig, 18, after a 1-hour argument about his secretly mating with their daughter Kara Beth Borden [21 May 1991~]. The Bordens have 4 other children: David Borden, 9, an older daughter still living at home, and 2 adult sons. — (011120)
2005 Brian Jackson, 28, Dallas (Texas) policeman, shot once under his right arm, near his protective vest, by the man he was pursuing on foot, Mexican immigrant Juan Lizcano, 28, who, early in the day, had visited his ex-mate, Marta Cruz, threatening her with a gun, shooting into the air. When she said she would phone the police, he replied: "Go ahead and call the damn cops. I'll take them down too. Next time, it will be you” and fled. Cruz phoned the police. Jackson responded to her home. About 45 minutes later, a second call came in reporting that Lizcano had returned. Jackson and another policeman saw him with a gun running into the backyard and chased him through alleys and between houses. — (051116)
2005 Eduardo Gory “Eddie” Guerrero Llanes, born on 09 October 1967, wrestler from El Paso, Texas, of heart failure in a hotel in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Other wrestlers in his family: his father, Gory Guerrero [11 Jan 1921 – 18 Apr 1990]; his three brothers Hector Guerrero [01 Oct 1954~], “Mando” Guerrero [1952~], and “Chavo” Guerrero [07 Jan 1949~]; his uncle Enrique “Llanes” Yañez; his cousin Javier Llanes; Chavo's son, Chavo Guerrero, Jr. [07 Jan 1971~]. — (051116)
2004 Carmen Stepp, 49, of the 10'000 block of Olga, El Paso, Texas, at 23:20 (06:20 Nov 14 UT) on Marshall Road at Railroad Drive, after her 2003 Saturn Vue, in which she was not wearing a seat belt, is hit by the 2002 Chevrolet Trailblazer SUV driven into oncoming traffic by Corina Snyder, 30, with passengers Rodney Snyder, 32, and Cheyenne Snyder, 7, all three of the 10'600 block of Springwood, wearing seat belts, who are injured.
2004 Some 20 sailors, in 100 km/h winds near Algiers, as Algerian cargo ship Bechar sinks and a Turkish merchant ship runs aground.
2003 Pfc. Jacob S. Fletcher, 28, of Bay Shore NY, after a roadside terrorist bomb explodes at the passage of the bus in which he was riding, in Samara, Iraq. He was assigned to Company C, 2nd Battalion (Airborne), 503rd Infantry Regiment, 173rd Airborne Brigade.
2003 Pietro Petrucci, 22, of Casavatore (Naples province), Italian army caporalmaggiore, is declared brain dead in a hospital in Kuwait City to which he had been transfered after being wounded in the 12 November 2003 truck bomb attack on the Italian headquarters in Nassiriyah, Iraq.
2003 More than 50 persons, by floods and landslides in central Vietnam, from 11 to 13 November, during which 50cm of rain fall on the region.
2002 Irv Rubin, 57, chairman of the terrorist Jewish Defense League, at 23:45 (07:45 14 Nov UT). He was in a medically induced coma since his 05:00 (13:00 UT) 04 November 2002 cutting his throat with a razor blade and falling head first 6 meters over a railing in California prison while awaiting trial for conspiring to plant bombs at the King Fahd Mosque in the Los Angeles suburb of Culver City and an office of Representative Darrell Issa, a California Republican descended from Lebanese Christians. — MORE
2002 Some 210 fishermen drowned in Bangladesh, having ignored warnings of tropical storm which sinks ten boats off Cox's Bazar (150 men drowned) and eight off Barisal district (60 men drowned).
2000 Ahmed Hassan Dahlan, 19, nephew of Palestinian Authority Gaza security chief Mohammed Dahlan, at Tel Aviv's Ichilov Hospital. Dahlan from wounds received in a confrontation with Israeli soldiers on 001111 in the Gaza Strip.
1995 Two Indians and five US Americans, in two bomb blasts at a US-operated Saudi National Guard training and communications center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Osama bin Laden denies involvement but praises the attack
1943 Maurice Denis, French Nabi [prophet] religious painter and theoretician of modern art, born on 25 November 1870, author of Théories (1912) and Histoire de l'art religieux (1939). — MORE ON DENIS AT ART 4 NOVEMBER 25 with links to images.
1941 HMS Ark Royal, Great Britain's premier aircraft carrier sunk by torpedoes from German U-boat U-81.
1938 The Roman Catholic church names Francis Xavier Cabrini, founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart, the first US saint.
1924 El redactor gráfico del periódico Heraldo de Aragón es asesinado en Zaragoza.
1923 Walter Dendy Sadler, British painter born on 12 May 1854. — MORE ON SADLER AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1907 Francis Thompson, the English poet who wrote the Hound of Heaven showing how God in grace pursued him, after he had wrecked his life with opium addiction. He had trained for the priesthood. "Power is the reward of sadness. It was after Christ had wept over Jerusalem that he uttered some of his most august words; it was when his soul had been sorrowful even unto death that his enemies fell prostrate before his voice. Who suffers, conquers." THOMPSON ONLINE: New Poems, Poems, Shelley: An Essay, Sister Songs
1903 Jacob Camille Pissarro, French Pointillist and Impressionist painter specialized in landscapes, born on 10 July 1830. — MORE ON PISSARRO AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1901 (or 20 Nov) Egisto Sarri, Italian artist born in 1837.
1868 Gioacchino (Antonio) Rossini , 76, composer (Barber of Seville)
1862 Julio Arboleda Pombo, poeta, militar y estadista colombiano.
1861 Arthur Hugh Clough, author. CLOUGH ONLINE: Amours de Voyage, Amours de Voyage, editor of Dryden's translation of Plutarch's Lives.
1849 William Etty, British painter specialized in nudes, born on 10 March 1787. — MORE ON ETTY AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1836 Salvador Molet, Spanish artist born in 1773.
1829 Sam Patch loses his life in a 38-meter dive into Genessee Falls
1819 Johann Ludwig Ernst Morgenstern, German artist born on 22 September 1738. — more with links to two images.
1681 Jacob Salomonszoon Ruisdael (or Ruysdael), Dutch artist born in 1630.
1671 Jan van Bijlert (or Bylert), Dutch painter born in 1603. — MORE ON VAN BIJLERT AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1460 Henry the Navigator, 66, prince of Portugal.
0687 Ervigio, rey de los visigodos en España.
1934 Carl Sagan, científico americano.
1929 Jaime Gil de Biedma, escritor español.
1923 Roger Somville, British artist.
1923 Pío Cabanillas Gallas, abogado y político español.
1914 Julio Caro Baroja, historiador y antropólogo español.
1914 The brassiere, invented by Caresse Crosby, is patented.
1898 Fidencio Constantino Síntora “el Niño Fidencio”, in Iramuco, Guanajuato state, Mexico. During his life, and even more so after his death, he was and is still reputed as a holy worker of miracle cures, whose seekers flock to hamlet El Espinazo (where he lived from 1921), municipio de Mina, Nuevo León state, especially on the anniversaries of his 19 October 1938 death there, and of his falsely assumed 19 March birthday..
1878 Max Dehn, mathematician.
1876 Wilczynski, mathematician.
1856 Louis D Brandeis, Massachusetts, the first Jew to be a US Supreme Court Justice (1916-1939). He died on 05 October 1941.
1854 maréchal Lyautey, à Nancy
1832 Eugenio Montero Ríos, político español.
1831 James Maxwell Edinburgh Scot, physicist (Treatise on Electricity)
1819 Estanislao Figueras, político español.
1792 Edward John Trelawney, English traveler and author (Adv of Younger Son). He died on 13 August 1881.
1312 Edward III, his name as king of England from 1327, who won victories against such renowned foes as Baybars, Llewellyn, and Wallace. Edward III died on 21 June 1377.