a 08 November:
2006 US President “Dubya” Bush [06 Jul 1946~] in effect admits telling election campaign propaganda lies when, a few days earlier, he said that he was sure of a Republican victory in the congressional elections of 07 November 2006; and when he said that, until the end of his presidency, Donald Rumsfeld [09 Jul 1932~] Secretary of Defense 20 January 2001 (first day of the Dubya presidency), would remain in that office. Today Dubya admits that the elections were a Democratic victory and he announces that he “accepts the resignation” of Rumsfeld, something Dubya was preparing at the very time when he proclaimed that it would never happen. —(061109)
2005 Election for governor (4-year term) in New Jersey and in Virginia, won by Democrat Jon Corzine [01 Jan 1947~] in New Jersey, and in Virginia by Democrat Timothy M. Kaine [26 Feb 1958~].
2005 Presidential runoff election in Liberia, won by former Finance Minister Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf [1939~] (Unity Party), with 59% of the vote (which will make her Africa's first elected woman president), George Weah [01 Oct 1966~] (Congress for Democratic Change party), a former soccer player of AC Milan. — (051112)
2003 Lunar eclipse visible in the Americas with umbra from moonrise (in El Paso TX) at 17:07 to 20:04 MST (09 Nov 00:07 to 03:04 UT) and totality from 18:06 to to 18:30 MST (01:06 to 01:30 UT).
2002 At its meeting 4644, the UN Security Council adopts, 15-0, Resolution 1441, which gives Iraq a final opportunity to comply with its disarmament obligations, or else!
2002 At 09:00 in Peking's Great Hall of the People the 2114 delegates begin the 16th quinquennal Communist Party Congress. Jiang Zemin, 76 (who would resign in favor of Hu Jintao, 59, before the end of the Congress 5 days later, as Secretary General of the Party, and, on 15 March 2003, as President of China), gives a 90-minute speech outlining plans for more capitalism (but not democracy).
2001 The European Central Bank cuts its main interest rate, the refinancing rate, from 3.75% to 3.25%. This follows the US Federal Reserve's rate reduction of 06 November 2001.
2001 The Journal Nature publishes a study according to which sheep recognize faces (up to at least 50) and remember them for at least 2 years. Also: sheep reared by goats (and vice-versa) act according to their foster species.
2001 Myanmar's ruling military announces that it has captured a white 1.8-meter-high, 8-year-old bull elephant [photo >] at Ahtetnanya, Rathedaung Township, Rakhine State, in the western part of Myanmar during the third week of October 2001.Its skin is white only in the sense that some people's skin is said to be white. It is whitish-pink in color in the rain and it changes to moderate russet in cold sunny weather. A white elephant brings peace, stability and prosperity to the nation, prevents all hazards and dangers, and ensures that the country enjoys bumper food harvests. The elephant is being brought to the capital Yangon (formerly Rangoon). The military has ruled Myanmar (formerly Burma) since taking power in 1962. The country has been isolated by most Western nations due to widespread human rights abuses and the suppression of the pro-democracy opposition. Myanmar's devastated economy is starved of foreign capital. — MORE.
2001 Sony presents its latest Aibo, the 220, now less dog-like and more robot-like [< image]. It will sell for $1500. In addition Sony wants to sell software, such as the $150 Navigator~2, which connects the robot by wireless local area network to a personal computer allowing the owner to control its movements and see on a monitor visual images shot through the digital camera on the robot's nose. But Sony heavy-handedly forced the shut-down of the AiboHack [= AiboPet] site which provided free Aibo software.
2000 In the US, TV and radio broadcasters go into "time-filling mode" in reporting the previous day's election, because they cannot announce whether Bush or Gore has won the presidency (it depends on the Florida results, which are subject to a recount that will take days and involve the Supreme Court of the state and of the US), or even whether the Senate will be split 50-50 or have a Republican majority of 1 or 2 (it depends on recounts in Oregon and Michigan). — Early in the day, Vice President Al Gore telephones Texas Governor George W. Bush to concede, but calls back about an hour later to retract his concession.
2000 In China, Deputy Mayor Lan Fu of Xiamen in Fujian province; Xiamen Customs chief, Yang Qianxian, and Zhuang Rushun, deputy head of Public Security for Fujian, are among 11 persons condemned to death for their participation in a smuggling ring (made profitable by China's high import duties). Another 3 get suspended death sentences, 12 life imprisonment, and 58 prison for various times.
2000 Special counsel John C. Danforth releases his final report on the Waco wackos absolving the government of wrongdoing in the 1993 siege at the Branch Davidian compound.
1999 Russian troops forge ahead in Chechnya (CNN)
1998 El ex teniente coronel Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, que en 1992 encabezó un golpe de Estado, se proclama vencedor de las elecciones legislativas y regionales celebradas en Venezuela.
1997 Se inicia en China la construcción de la presa de las Tres Gargantas, el mayor proyecto hidroeléctrico del mundo.
1997 Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de Latinoamérica, España y Portugal se reúnen en la VII Cumbre Iberoamericana celebrada en Isla Margarita (Venezuela), en la que rechazaron la Ley Helms-Burton y apoyaron la creación de la Unión Centroamericana.
1996 Newspapers report that the assets of the CEO of Systems of Excellence, Inc. have been seized after the Securities and Exchange Commission accused him of trying to manipulate the company's stock price over the Internet. The SEC alleged that the executive issued false press releases and bribed an electronic newsletter to praise Systems of Excellence stock on the Internet.
1995 Retired US army general Colin Powell declares that he will not seek the presidency.
| 1995 El Congreso español aprueba, con la abstención
del Partido Popular, el nuevo Código Penal, que prevé un sistema
de penas orientado a la reinserción social del recluso.
1991 Los jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de los países miembros de la OTAN acuerdan en Roma reformar sus estructuras e institucionalizar la apertura a los países del Este.
1990 100'000 additional US troops are sent to the Persian gulf
1990 Saddam fires his army chief & threatens to destroy Arabian peninsula
1988 Vice President George Herbert Walker Bush (R) is elected the 41st president of the United States, defeating Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. (D).
1985 Judge H. Lee Sarokin overturns former boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter's conviction for the 17 June 1966 murder in the Patterson NJ, Lafayette Bar & Grill, of White bartender James Oliver and one customer, while severely wounding two other patrons — Hazel Tanis (who died a month later) and William Marins. Carter would by completely cleared only on 19 February 1988 when the prosecutor files a motion to dismiss the original indictments.
1984 Aviones de reconocimiento de los Estados Unidos sobrevuelan Nicaragua.
1982 Turquía obtiene una nueva Constitución.
1980 Voyager 1 space probe discovers 15th moon of Saturn.
1975 Ante la amenaza de una intervención de Guatemala en Belice, cuyo territorio reivindica, el Reino Unido refuerza sus efectivos militares en dicha zona del Caribe.
| 1967 Silver hits record $1.951 an ounce in London
1966 Republican Edward Brooke of Massachusetts becomes the first African American elected to the US Senate in 85 years.
1966 Movie actor Ronald Reagan is elected governor of California
1966 President Johnson signs anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger
1966 El papa Pablo VI da indicaciones para la preparación de una biblia sobreconfesional, conforme al Concilio Vaticano II.
1965 British Indian Ocean Territory formed
1964 Habib Ben Ali Burguiba es reelegido presidente de Túnez.
1963 Georgios Papandreu forma un nuevo gabinete en Grecia, tras su victoria electoral.
1962 Es detenido en Madrid el dirigente comunista Julián Grimau.
1945 Revenue Act cuts $6 billion in taxes (that had been needed for the war) and initiates an extensive post-war revision of the nation's entire tax system.
1944 25'000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to the Nazis for forced labor.
1938 Francisco Franco Bahamonde declara que no concederá amnistías y que tiene fichados a dos millones de españoles, a los que se les impondrán grandes castigos.
1936 En la Guerra Civil española, tras la retirada del Gobierno de Madrid, el general José Miaja Minant se hace responsable militar y político de la ciudad.
1935 Alzamiento de socialistas y comunistas en Brasil, reprimidos sangrientamente por el Gobierno de Getúlio Vargas.
1932 New York's Governor Franklin Delano Roosevelt (D), defeating President Herbert Hoover is elected US President (the 32nd). — Elección del demócrata Franklin Delano Roosevelt como presidente de Estados Unidos.
1931 El canal de Panamá debe cerrarse al tráfico como consecuencia de desprendimientos de tierra.
1931 Intervención masiva de la gendarmería francesa en Córcega para combatir el bandidaje en la isla.
1928 El Etna entra en actividad y obliga al éxodo a 20'000 personas.
1918 Tras el estallido revolucionario del día anterior, se establece en Baviera (Alemania) el primer Gobierno republicano.
1918 Rumanía declara la guerra a Alemania.
1917 (26 octobre julien) Révolution d'octobre.
En pleine Guerre mondiale, le monde se réveilla ce 08 novembre 1917 avec une incroyable nouvelle : la Russie avait changé de maîtres et venait de passer aux mains des Bolcheviques qu’on désignera plus tard comme communistes, conduits par Lénine.
La révolution d’octobre, comme on l’appelera ensuite du fait du calendrier russe, venait de s’achever. Le tsar est renversé. La Russie devient le premier Etat communiste dans le monde (l’URSS) et ouvre la voie à la propagation du socialisme sur la planète et à l’édification d’une puissance économique et militaire qui va contrebalancer, jusqu’aux années 80, l’hégémonie américaine et éclipser l’Europe.
La révolution d’octobre commença en fait le 08 mars par la révolution de février (selon le calendrier russe) lorsque des ouvriers et des femmes descendirent dans la rue aux cris de : « Nous voulons du pain ! A bas la guerre ! » Dès le lendemain, les premiers drapeaux rouges étaient hissés sur les édifices. La rue devenait l’adversaire du tsar qui était lui-même en guerre contre l’Allemagne à cette époque-là.
Le Parlement russe (la Douma ) essaie d’instaurer une démocratie à la hâte afin d’éviter le pire, mais il était trop tard : le 14 mars, le tsar dissout la Douma et abdique le lendemain. Le 27 mars, Lénine arrive en fanfare à Petrograd. Le 08 novembre, les derniers dirigeants du gouvernement Kerenski, encore au pouvoir, prennent la fuite. Le premier Etat ouvrier était né et le siècle subissait, à trois années d’intervalle, le second séisme après le déclenchement de la Première Guerre mondiale. Un choc qui allait avoir des ondes puissantes durant tout le centenaire.
La révolution d’octobre engendra l’URSS, donna lieu à un vent de liberté, à une justice dans le monde et à un soutien aux mouvements de décolonisation, mais aussi au stalinisme, à un totalitarisme qui fut sans doute exagéré mais qui n’en est pas moins vérifié. L’URSS créera le bloc des pays socialistes et se partagera le monde avec les Etats-Unis avant de s’écrouler au milieu des années 80 et laisser place à un empire qui revient progressivement... au tsarisme et aux valeurs de la Russie d’avant-Lénine.
| 1914 Las autoridades ciudadanas de Barcelona toman diversos
acuerdos para combatir la epidemia de tifus que, desde hace dos semanas,
ataca a la población de la ciudad.
1910 The Democrats prevail in US congressional elections for the first time since 1894.
1904 President Theodore Roosevelt (R) is elected president of the United States, defeating Alton B Parker (D). Vice President Roosevelt had become President upon the shooting death of President William McKinley — Theodore Roosevelt es elegido presidente de EE.UU.
1904 Emile Combes, 69, introduces a bill for the separation of Church and State in France. The Combes government would fall (because of the affaire des fiches de délation) before the Act of Separation passed in December 1905, thereby ending the Concordat of 1801, exiling almost all religious orders from France and dismantling major aspects of the church's public functions, especially in education. Combes, a failed seminarian, was the author of Une Campagne laïque (1904), Une Deuxième Campagne laïque (1905), and Mon ministère (1906).
1895 Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovers X-rays.
1892 Grover Cleveland (D) elected President
1889 Montana is admitted as 41st state of the US
| 1843 Las Cortes de España adelantan en un año
la mayoría de edad de Isabel II, que sólo tiene 13, para que
1838 El músico Frédéric Chopin y la escritora Amandine-Lucie-Aurore Dupin George Sand llegan a Palma de Mallorca, donde viven un romance.
1685 Fredrick William of Brandenburg issues the Edict of Potsdam, offering Huguenots refuge.
1435 Alfonso V el Magnánimo firma en Aragón una alianza con el duque de Milán, después que este lo liberara de ser prisionero de los Anjou.
2005 Adel Muhammad al-Zubaidi, 60, shot in the Adel suburb of Baghdad, Iraq, in the car in which he was with Thamir Mahmoud al-Khuzaie, 42, who is wounded. The two were lawyers defending codefendants in the trial of Saddam Hussein [28 Apr 1937~], Taha Yassin Ramadan, vice president under Hussein, and Barzan al-Tikriti, Hussein's half-brother and head of his secret police. — (051109)
2004 Israeli Staff Sgt. Nir Leibovich, 19, of Nahariya, when the Merkava tank which he commanded strikes a boulder at 02:30 (00:30 UT) on its way back from a routine patrol on Mount Hermon to its base near the Lebanese border. In an attempt to drive over the boulder, the driver accelerated and lost control of the tank, which veered, fell several meters down a slope and rolled over completely, landing back on its treads. Leibovich, who was standing with his upper body out of the tank, as regulations require of the tank's commander, was thrown from the vehicle, and died almost instantly. The tank was practically undamaged. The driver should have avoided the boulder rather than drive over it. In 2002, the maternal grandparents of Leibovich were killed in a car accident. The other three soldiers in the tank are injured.
2003 Staff Sgt. Mark D. Vasquez, 35, of Port Huron MI; and Staff Sgt. Gary L. Collins, 32, of Hardin TX; in a Bradley Fighting Vehicle which hits an improvised explosive device, in Fallujah, Iraq. They were serving in the 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, of the US Army occupation forces.
2003 Pvt. Kurt R. Frosheiser, 22, of Des Moines, IO, as he was driving a vehicle on patrol which strikes an improvised explosive device. He was assigned to 2nd Battalion, 6th Infantry Regiment, 1st Armored Division.
1992 Seven persons, including a Paso Robles, California, man, angry about being evicted from his home, who kills the other six in a shooting spree, then shoots himself.
1990 Lawrence George Durrell, escritor británico.
1986 Viacheslav Mijailovich Scriabin Molotov, político soviético.
1982: 28 persons in a smoky fire set by a prisoner in a Biloxi, Mississippi, jail.
1953 Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, in Paris, Russian exile, born on 22 October 1870 (10 October Julian) in Voronezh, who, in 1933, was the first Russian to win a Nobel Prize in Literature. He got it "for the strict artistry with which he had carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing" — Iván Bunin, autor ruso. Premio Nobel 1933. — MORE
1952 Fano, mathematician
1940 Alfonso Hernández Catá, poeta y escritor cubano.
1933 King Nadir Shah of Afghanistan, assassinated by Abdul Khallig — El rey de Afganistán es asesinado en el palacio de Kabul. Le sucede su hijo Mohammad Zahir Shah.
1926 Joseph Noël Sylvestre, French artist born on 24 June 1847.
1920 Abraham Kuyper, influential Dutch theologian who not only wrote orthodox Calvinist theology emphasizing grace, but was elected to his nation's Parliament and even served as its prime minister.
1908 Victorien Sardou, dramaturgo francés.
1905 William Trost Richards, US painter born on 14 November 1833. — MORE ON RICHARDS AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1887 John Henry Doc Holliday, 36, from tuberculosis, gunslinger, gambler, and occasional dentist.
1880 Bartholomeus-Johannes van Hove, Dutch artist born on 28 October 1790. — more
1873 Manuel Bretón de los Herreros, dramaturgo español.
1858 Peacock, mathematician.
1865 Moritz Karl Friedrich Müller (or Feuermüller), German artist born on 06 May 1807.
1830 Sil'vestr Feodosievich Shchedrin, Russian Romantic Italianate landscape painter born on 13 February 1791. — MORE ON SHCHEDRIN AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1817 Andrea Appiani, Italian painter born in 1754. — MORE ON APPIANI AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1789 Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn (by Elijah Craig, Bourbon KY)
1719 Rolle, mathematician
1675 (burial) Allart (or Allaert) van Everdingen, Dutch landscape and marine painter born on 18 June 1621. — MORE ON VAN EVERDINGEN AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1517 Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, eclesiástico y político español.
on a 08 Nov before 1510 Giorgione (Giorgio Zorzo da Castelfranco), Italian painter born in 1477 or 1478. — LINKS —
1308 John Duns Scotus (who coined the word "dunce"), Scottish-born philosopher, born in 1266, who tangled with the great thinkers of his day and advocated the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of Mary. His philosophy is so difficult to understand that he is called the subtle doctor.
1226 Le roi Louis VIII le Lion [05 Sep 1187–] est emporté par une dysenterie aiguë, à Montpensier, en Auvergne, en revenant de sa Croisade contre les hérétiques albigeois. — Saint Louis IX [25 Apr 1214 – 25 Aug 1270] succeeds Louis VIII as king of France. His mother, Blanche de Castille [1188 – 12 Nov 1252] becomes regent (until 25 Apr 1236).
0618 Saint Deusdedit, Pope
2000 Diago and Diego Ataide Leite, in rural Campina Grande, Brazil, twins conjoined in the upper body and sharing a liver. Separation surgery would be performed on 19 November leading to Diego's death. The mother of the twins was just 18 years old at the time of delivery.
1935 Alfonso López Trujillo, eclesiástico colombiano.
1934 Huasipungo es publicado por Jorge Icaza.
1922 Dr. Christian Barnard (heart surgeon), South Africa. He would perform the first human heart transplant on 03 December 1967, in Cape Town. The patient was Louis Washkansky, the heart he received was from a road accident victim. He later died from pneumonia.
1922 Christiaan Neethling Barnard. He would become a surgeon and perform the world's first heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town on 03 Dec 1967. The new heart was from a road accident victim. The patient, dentist Louis Washkansky, 53, died on 21 December 1967 from double pneumonia, contracted after destruction of his body's immunity mechanism by drugs administered to suppress rejection of the new heart as a foreign protein. After crippling arthritis forced Barnard to retire from surgery in 1983, he wrote a distinguished cardiology text, several lesser nonfiction books about cardiology (50 Ways to a Healthy Heart — Heart Attack : You Don't Have to Die — Your Healthy Heart : The Family Guide to Staying Healthy & Living Longer — Your Healthy Heart : A Guide to How the Heart Works and How to Keep It Healthy) , a scandalously honest autobiography (One Life and The second life: memoirs) and four novels (The Unwanted, In the Night Season) that received a lukewarm reception, also: South Africa : Sharp Dissection — Arthritis Handbook : How to Live With Arthritis and Christiaan Barnard's Program for Living With Arthritis — Body Machine — The Best Medicine — The Donor — Good Life Good Death: A Doctor's Case for Euthanasia and Suicide. Barnard died on 02 September 2001.
1904 William Edge, mathematician.
1900 Albert Friedrich Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and molecular biology pioneer.
1897 Dorothy Day, Catholic social activist, author. DAY ONLINE: Complete on-line works, From Union Square to Rome, House of Hospitality, On Pilgrimage
1887 El gramófono, con el primer disco fonográfico operativo, es inventado por el profesor Emil Berliner.
1884 Hermann Rorshach, Swiss psychiatrist, inventor of the inkblot test.
1876 Jean Puy, French Fauvist painter who died in 1960. — more with links to three images.
1869 Felix Hausdorff, mathematician.
1848 Gottlieb Frege, Germany, mathematician/logician (Begriffsschrift)
1847 Bram Stoker, author. STOKER ONLINE: Dracula, Dracula, Dracula, Dracula's Guest, Dracula's Guest, The Lair of the White Worm, The Man.
1843 Pasch, mathematician.
1793 After more than two centuries as a royal palace, the Louvre is opened as a public museum in Paris by the French revolutionary government. — ON L'OUVRE LE LOUVRE AT ART 4 NOVEMBER
1765 Martín Fernández de Navarrete, escritor, marino y bibliotecario español.
1725 Martin Knoller, Austrian artist who died on 24 July 1804.
1723 John Byron, British admiral who died on 10 April 1786. His account (1768) of a shipwreck in South America was to some extent used by his grandson, the poet Lord Byron [22 Jan 1788 – 19 Apr 1824], in Don Juan (1819-1824).
1656 Edmond Halley, mathematician and astronomer who was the first to calculate a comet's orbit (Halley's Comet)
1643 Antonio Cristóbal Ubilla y Medina, político español.