a 05 November:
2006 José Daniel Ortega Saavedra [11 Nov 1945~] of the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN) wins 40% of the vote in the Nicaraguan presidential election, which is just enough to win the election, according to the Constitution. He finishes ahead of José Rizo Castellón (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista PLC, 19%), Eduardo Montealegre Rivas (Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense ALN, 33%), Edmundo Jarquín Calderón (Movimiento Renovador Sandinista MRS, 7%), and Edén Atanacio Pastora Gómez (Alternativa por El Cambio AC, 0.3%). The same five parties are also the main ones contending in the election to the 90 seats of the Asamblea Nacional, held this same day. Ortega became the Marxist ruler of Nicaragua after the 17 July 1979 overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle [05 Dec 1925 – 17 Sep 1980], and President from 10 January 1985 until 25 April 1990 (after he accepted defeat in an election). In Ortega's 2006 campaign, he claimed to have become a moderate and to seek national reconciliation. —(061106)
2002 Israeli Prime Minister, criminal Ariel Sharon [27 Feb 1928 – 2007] [photo >] announces early general elections. They will be held on 28 January 2003.
2002 Non-presidential elections in the US. Contrary to the usual losses, in such elections, by the party of the President, the Republicans eke slight gains in general. These are most significant in the US Senate, which, when the new Congress convenes on 03 January 2003, will have 52 Republicans, 45 Democrats, and 1 Independent (previously 49 R, 50 D, 1 I). The slim Republican majority in the US House of Representatives will become slightly less slim: 230 R, 204 D, 1 I (from 223 R, 210 D, 2 I). Only in the number of state Governors do the Democrats improve their numbers: 26 R, 24 D (from 27 R, 21 D, 2 I).
2002 Voters in Oregon vote to remove from their state constitution (adopted in 1857) passages such as: No free negro, or mulatto, not residing in this state at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall come, reside, or be within this State, or hold any real estate. This provision has not been enforced recently, but only some 56'000 Blacks live in Oregon, less than 2% of the population.
2002 MISSOURI WANTS TO SEE TALENT IN THE US SENATE. A majority of Missouri voters choose Jim Talent (Republican), over Jean Carnahan (Democrat) for US Senator. Talent was a US Representative from 1992 to 1998 and an unsuccessful candidate for governor in 2000. Carnahan's husband, Governor Mel Carnahan, died in a plane crash on 16 October 2000, three weeks before Election Day (07 November 2000). He still was elected to the Senate, unseating current Attorney General John Ashcroft (a vicious violator of human and civil rights), and Mrs. Carnahan was appointed to the seat for the first 2 years of the 6-year term. The remaining 4 years will be served by Talent.
2002 Under relentless pressure, Harvey Pitt resigns as chairman of the US Securities and Exchange Commission.
1999 Chechens flee despite Russian assurances of safety (CNN)
1999 Andy Hiller, the political correspondent for WHDH-TV in Boston, asks presidential candidate George W. Bush if he could name the president of Chechnya (Aslan Maskhadov), the general who recently took power in Pakistan (General Pervez Musharraf in a 12 October coup), the new prime minister of India (Atal Behari Vajpayee since 19 March 1998), the president of Taiwan (Lee Teng-hui since 13 Jan 1988, who would be followed by Chen Shui-bian on 20 May 2000). Bush can answer only that this last one is "Lee."
| 1999 Un juez de Estados Unidos declara que Microsoft
mantiene una situación de monopolio en el mercado de los sistemas
operativos para ordenadores personales.
1999 Concluye en Bonn la V Conferencia Internacional del Clima, con más de 4000 participantes reunidos con el objetivo de establecer las normas que permitan reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero a la atmósfera.
1996 US President Bill Clinton is re-elected, defeating Republican challenger Bob Dole, but Congress remains in Republican control.
1996 Russian President Boris Yeltsin underwent successful heart bypass surgery.
1994 Former US President Reagan disclosed he had Alzheimer's disease.
1994 El ciclista suizo Tony Rominger bate el récord de la hora, con 55,291 km.
1992 El Parlamento de Georgia nombra a Eduard Amvroseyevich Shevardnadze jefe del Estado y le otorga poderes especiales.
1992 La poetisa cubana Dulce María Loynaz es galardonada con el Premio Miguel de Cervantes de Literatura.
1992 Former US world chess champion Bobby Fischer triumphed in his $5 million rematch against Russian arch-rival Boris Spassky. The match in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, was staged in defiance of UN sanctions against the Yugoslav federation.
1991 Kiichi Miyazawa is appointed premier of Japan, succeeding Toshiki Kaifu. — Kiichi Miyazawa, jefe de los liberales demócratas de Japón, asume el cargo de presidente del Gobierno como sucesor de Toshiki Kaifu.
1991 Roban casi 3000 millones de dólares en la Caja Agraria de Santafé de Bogotá (Colombia), en una acción calificada como el "asalto del siglo".
1991 The US Senate confirmed Robert M. Gates as CIA director
1990 The US Supreme Court let stand an order requiring the US Army to permit homosexuals to re-enlist.
1989 La derecha griega de Konstantinos Mitsotakis se queda a tres escaños de la mayoría absoluta en las elecciones presidenciales.
1988 Cornell confirms grad student source of worst computer sabotage
1987 Se firma en el Congreso de los Diputados de Madrid el Pacto Antiterrorista por todos los partidos políticos con representación parlamentaria, a excepción de Eusko Alkartasuna (EA) y Herri Batasuna (HB).
1987 Iceberg twice the size of Rhode Island sighted in Antarctic
1986 Es descubierto un arsenal de ETA con numerosos documentos en la empresa Sokoa de Hendaya.
1985 Concluye en Palermo el sumario más completo de la historia contra la Mafia. Tras 10 años de trabajo, el juez Falcone acusa a 709 mafiosos, en las 8000 páginas que componen el sumario. [menos mal que era un sumario]
1978 Iranian PM Jaafar Sharif-Emami resigns to Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi
1976 The United Auto Workers union and officials for the Chrysler Corporation reach a tentative labor agreementl, which still needed approval from local union chiefs. It includes a wage increase and an improved benefits package. The UAW, after a four-week strike, had gotten the Ford Motor Company to sign a similar contract earlier that fall.
| 1975 En Argentina prácticamente todos los sectores
políticos del país piden a la presidenta María Estela
Martínez de Perón que abandone su cargo.
1974 Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut, the first woman to win a gubernatorial office in the US without succeeding her husband.
1971 En Bolivia se restablece parcialmente la pena de muerte para poner fin a los numerosos secuestros políticos de los últimos meses.
1971 En España comandos de "lucha antimarxista" destruyen veinticuatro grabados de Pablo Picasso en Madrid.
| 1967 Un golpe de Estado militar en Yemen derroca al
mariscal 'Abd Allah as-Sallal.
1964 Charles Townes of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Russian scientists Nikolai Basov and Alexander Prokhorov win the Nobel Prize for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle.. Townes, who had worked at Bell Telephone Laboratories and later taught at the University of California at Berkeley, developed the maser and the laser. — MORE
1964 Nuevo Gobierno de coalición en Venezuela.
1957 Con la elección del radical socialista Félix Gaillard [05 Nov 1919 – 10 Jul 1970] como Président du Conseil, finaliza en Francia una crisis de Gobierno que duró 35 días, since the 30 September 1957 fall of the government of Maurice Bourgues-Maunoury [1914-1993].
1946 John F Kennedy (D-MA) elected to the US House of Representatives while Republican capture control of both the Senate and the House in midterm elections.
1942 En el transcurso de la Segunda Guerra Mundial el Gobierno de Vichy y el de Inglaterra firman un armisticio por el que Madagascar pasa a manos de los aliados.
1940 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) is elected to an unprecedented 3rd term beating Wendell L. Willkie (R)
1934 En España se impone de nuevo la censura previa en la prensa.
1933 Hermann Wilhelm Goering comparece como testigo en el proceso por el incendio del Reichstag.
1933 Se celebra el plebiscito para el estatuto vasco.
1932 En Manchuria 30'000 soldados se rebelan contra sus oficiales japoneses.
1929 El volcán guatemalteco Santa María entra en erupción.
1928 El republicano Herbert Clark Hoover, elegido presidente de los Estados Unidos.
| 1921 Mongolia Exterior concluye un tratado de amistad
1920 Hallado en el Hospital Real de Santiago de Compostela un retrato de Carlos IV pintado por Francisco de Goya y Lucientes.
1917 General Pershing and US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
1917 In Moscow, following abdication of Russian Czar Nicholas II, the historic Orthodox Church Council of 1917_1918 restored the office of patriarch, suppressed by Peter the Great in 1700.
1917 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Lousiville KY ordinance requiring blacks & whites to live in separate areas
1916 El emperador alemán Guillermo II y el emperador austriaco Francisco José I proclaman el reino independiente de Polonia.
1914 Gran Bretaña, Francia y Rusia declaran la guerra al Imperio Otomano, en el contexto de la Primera Guerra Mundial. Gran Bretaña ocupa Chipre. — Britain annexes Cyprus
1913 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
1911 Calbraith Rodgers arrives in Pasadena completing the first transcontinental airplane flight (49 days) (left Sheepshead Bay, NY, 17 September 1911)
1910 Nueva reunión entre Guillermo II emperador de Alemania y Nicolás II zar de Rusia en Orianenburgo. Ambos soberanos preparan una convención que debería garantizar la paz.
1910 España adopta el acuerdo de introducir el ancho de vía normal europeo para sus ferrocarriles.
1900 La Guardia Civil captura en Valencia al bandido José Martorell, alías "Pinet".
| 1872 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for trying to vote
(for Ulysses S Grant).
1838 Honduras declares independence from Central American Federation — Honduras se separa de las Provincias Unidas de América Central y se proclama Estado soberano e independiente.
1814 A future mathematician reaches the age of n days, where n is the answer to a puzzle which he would later make up: “I have a large number of stamps to the value of 5 pence and 17 pence only. What is the largest denomination which I cannot make up with a combination of these two different values?” [You can find the mathematician's name by looking up his birth notice in History 4 Today]. [If you can find a proof of the answer, sent it to the reverse of moc.enilnorbg@yad24 which is here given thus to prevent spam]
1811 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence
1492 Christopher Columbus learns of maize (corn) from the Indians of Cuba
1414 Council of Constance (16th ecumenical council) opens.
2008 Pedro Sánchez Arteaga, 42, at 11:32 (UT) in the hospital 20-de-Noviembre of Mexico City, to which he had been taken the previous day with burns on 90% of his face and body, which he suffered in the explosion following the crash of Learjet 45 (registration XC-VMC). —(081108)
2008 Timothy Romans, 39, and Vincent Romero, 29, whose 8-year-old son shoots them both with a .22-caliber rifle, in the Romero home in St.John, Arizona, where Romans, a co-worker of Vincent Romero, rented a room. Vincent Romero, divorced, had full custody of the boy. —(081125)
2004 Nili Natho, 23, from Kafr Kama, a basketball player on the Israeli national team; her sister, Diana Natho, 19; and their woman cousin Raja Talash, 24, from the Galilee village of Rihania, near Kafr Kama in the Lower Galilee, as their car collides with a jeep. Six persons are injured
2003 Sgt. 1st Class José A. Rivera, 34, of Bayamón, Puerto Rico, serving in Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, US Army, in Mumuhdyah, Iraq, after the patrol, of which he was part, comes under rocket propelled grenade and small arms fire.
2002 Raymond F. Dasmann, 83, field biologist who promoted "ecodevelopment," in which a community's growth is not dependent on exploiting its natural resources, and he insisted that indigenous people have a central role in ecological solutions. He wrote more than a dozen books, including The Destruction of California (1965) and Environmental Conservation (1959).
2001 Willie Lawson, 39, shot in the head with a pistol by his friend Steven Brasher, 42, in an argument over a missing beer. Brasher would explain: "There was only two beers left, so I took one, and I told Willie not to take my last beer." In Bandera, Texas, on 05 December 2002, a jury would sentence Brasher to life in prison.
1997 Isaiah Berlín, filósofo, historiador, crítico y profesor británico.
1991 Nearly 7000 people were killed in floods in the Philippines.
1991 Ian Robert Maxwell, 68, Billionaire publisher (NY Daily News) His body is found floating in the Atlantic Ocean off the Canary Islands.
1981 Mazur, mathematician.
1973 Joaquín Maurin, político español.
1963 Luis Cernuda, poeta español de la "generación del 27".
1955 Maurice Utrillo, French artist born on 25 December 1883. — MORE ON UTRILLO AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1946 Joseph Stella, Italian US painter born on 13 June 1877. — MORE ON STELLA AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1944 Lord Moyne, British official, assassinated in Cairo, Egypt, by the Zionist Stern gang.
1921 Keigo Kiyoura, 23rd Prime Minister of Japan (07Jan1924-11Jun1924), born on 14 February 1850 in Kumamoto Prefecture.
1934 Walther von Dyck, mathematician.
1906 Frits Johan Fredrik Thaulow, Norwegian artist born on 20 October 1847. — more
1890 David Adolf Constant Artz, Dutch artist born on 18 December 1837.
1882 Hermanus Koekkoek, Dutch artist born on 13 March 1815.
1879 James Clerk Maxwell, mathematician and physicist, one of the three thinkers on whom Einstein built the theory of relativity.
1872 Thomas Sully, British US artist born in 1783, specialized in portraits. — MORE ON SULLY AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1868 Franz Steinfeld, Austrian artist born on 26 May 1787.
1807 Angelica Catharina Maria Anna Kauffman, Swiss Neoclassical painter and etcher born on 30 October 1740. — MORE ON KAUFFMAN AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1800 Ramsden, mathematician.
1741 Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini, Italian painter born on 29 April 1675. — MORE ON PELLEGRINI AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1526 Ferro, mathematician.
1525 Mariotto Albertinelli, Florentine painter born on 13 October 1474. — MORE ON ALBERTINELLI AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1522 Andrés Amaral, caballero portugués y canciller de la orden de San Juan de Jerusalén.
1998 La Razón, nuevo diario español fundado por Luis María Ansón Oliart, sale a la calle.
1957 Las cartas boca abajo, de Antonio Buero Vallejo, se estrena en el teatro Reina Victoria, de Madrid.
1952 Bob Thomason, mathematician.
1948 Bernard-Henri Lévy, escritor francés.
1945 Memorias de Leticia Valle de Rosa Chacel se publica.
1944 Hijos de la ira de Dámaso Alonso se publica en Madrid
1943 Sam Shepard US, actor/playwright (Frances, Crimes of the Heart)
1927 Emilio Lledó, filósofo y escritor español.
1925 Doña Inés, un nuevo libro de Azorín (José Martínez Ruiz) se publica.
1888 Franz von Heckendorf, German artist who died in 1962.
1887 Paul Wittgenstein Vienna Austria, left hand specialist pianist
1885 Will Durant historian, co-author with his wife Ariel of The Story of Philosophy, and The Story of Civilization.
1884 James Elroy Flecker English poet/dramatist (Hassan)
1876 Pierre-Maurice-Raymond Duchamp (later Duchamp-Villon), French sculptor and draftsman who died on 07 Oct 1918. — more
1866 Tauber, mathematician.
1857 Ida Tarbell muckraker (Standard Oil was very unhappy)
1857 Jean Antoine Tony Tollet, French artist who died in 1953.
1855 Eugene V Debs labor organizer, Socialist presidential candidate
1854 Paul Sabatier, químico francés, Premio Nobel en 1912.
1848 Glaisher, mathematician.
1846 Gustavo Simoni, Italian artist who died in 1926.
1822 Clara Adelheid (Sokl) Soterius von Sachsenheim, Austrian artist who died on 25 July 1861.
1818 Benjamin F Butler Union general/presidential candidate (anti-monopoly)
1791 Carl von Sales, Austrian artist who missed his 79th birthday by one day, dying on 04 November 1870.
1751 Friedrich-Heinrich Füger, Austrian painter, a fahionable portraitist and respected master of his period. He died on 08 December 1818. — MORE ON FÜGER AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1722 Luis José Velázquez de Velasco, arqueólogo, historiador y escritor español.
1667 Christoph-Ludwig Agricola, German artist who died in 1719. — more
1619 Philips de Koninck — Dutch painter, who died on 04 October 1688. — MORE ON DE KONINCK AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.