• Bonus March... • Jews branded with yellow star... • Chesterton is born... • Patrick Henry is born... • Reagan in Moscow for summit... • Joint US~USSR Vietnam communiqué... • Fremont's 2nd expedition... • Jobs bill vetoed... • Newton palmtop computer... • Yanks reach Totopotomoy Creek... • Rhode Island becomes a state... • Wisconsin becomes a state... • Mort Homme fort falls... • Empress of Ireland sinks... • Offshore Pirate is published... • CompuServe porno... • Digital TV... • Everest conquered...
a 29 May:
2005 In a referendum, 55% of French voters reject the proposed European Union constitution, whose draft was signed on 29 October 2004 by the EU heads of state or government, or foreign ministers..
2005 Parliamentary elections in part of Lebanon (Beirut area). Voter participation is low because of expectation (which is correct) that all 19 seats (of the 128-member National Assembly) will be won by the candidates headed by Saad al-Hariri [Apr 1970~], son of Rafik Bahaa Edine al-Hariri [01 Nov 1944 – 14 Feb 2005], murdered, it is believed, by agents of the Syrian occupation forces (withdrawn since). In other sections of Lebanon the elections will take place on 05 June (South), 12 June (Mount Lebanon and Bekaa), and 19 June (North).
2003 Allos Therapeutics (ALTH) announces that it will submit a New Drug Application to the US Food and Drug Administration to market RSR13 (efaproxiral) as a treatment for brain metastases from breast cancer. On the NASDAQ, 6.7 million of the 26 million ALTH shares are traded, rising from their previous close of $2.31 to an intraday high of $4.15 and closing at $3.73. They had traded as low as $1.66 as recently as 25 April 2003 and as high as $9.89 on 21 October 2002 and $14.63 on 17 July 2000, after starting trading at $13.00 on 27 March 2000. [3~year price chart >]
2003 Openwave Systems (OPWV) was not helped by the acquisition of SignalSoft, which it announced on 29 May 2002. On the NASDAQ, the drop in the price of the shares of OPWV from it 06 March 2000 high of $200.75 to its $6.06 close of 30 May 2002, was further aggravated down to a low of $0.45 on 10 October 2002, from which it has not, to this date, recovered beyond $3.19 (on 02 December 2002). On 29 May 2003, OPWV shares close at $2.51 . They had started trading on 07 June 1999, at $20.06 . [4~year price chart >]
2002 On the NASDQ the shares of location-based wireless service provider SignalSoft Corporation rise from their previous close of $1.06 (not much above its all-time low of $1.03 in the previous session, 24 May 2002) to close at $2.22. Its all-time high was $49.56 on 28 Aug 2000, after it had gone public at $20 on 31 July 2000. [< price chart] The reason? The announcement that Openwave Systems (OPWV) will buy out SignalSoft.
2001 The US Supreme Court rules that the PGA Tour must allow Casey Martin [photo >] to ride a cart in tournaments, rejecting the PGA's argument that it would give him an unfair advantage. No one seems to have considered the possibility of removing the alleged advantage by allowing all the golfers to ride a cart. Martin, 28, suffers from Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome, a rare circulatory disorder that has left him with a withered right leg. He may eventually face amputation.
2001 The US Supreme Court refuses to hear the case of Elkhart v. Books (00-1407) thus letting stand the 7th US Circuit Court of Appeals' ruling that the display of the Ten Commandments on an Elkhart, Indiana, city monument is in violation of the 1st Amendment to the US Constitution providing for the separation of chuch and state. In 1996 the Supreme Court had let stand a ruling by the 10th US Circuit Court of Appeals approving a similar monument in a park near the Colorado state Capitol.
2000 Indonesia's state prosecutors place former President-dictator Suharto under house arrest. He is suspected of embezzling millions of dollars. However his trial on corruption charges would be abandoned because of his ill health.
^ 1998 CompuServe executive convicted on German pornography charges
A German court found the former head of CompuServe Germany guilty of complicity in spreading pornography on the Internet. Felix Somm was held responsible for the users who distributed objectionable material and was sentenced to two years probation and fined more than $56,000. The case began in December 1995 when prosecutors searched CompuServe offices as part of an investigation into online pornography. The company later blocked access to two hundred bulletin boards, sparking an international debate on Internet censorship.
1996: Israelis go to the polls for an election that results in a narrow victory for opposition leader Benjamin Netanyahu over Prime Minister Shimon Peres.
^ 1992 First long-distance test of digital television.
Newspapers reported that Zenith Electronics and ATandT sent a digital television signal seventy-five miles, from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to Glenview, Illinois. Several companies were vying to set the standard for digital television transmission in the early and mid-1990s. The first group to send a digital high-definition signal was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, working with General Instrument Corporation, but the signal was sent only over a short distance. Broadcasters and the Federal Communications Commission touted the benefits of digital TV, which provided much higher bandwidth permitting the broadcast of sharper pictures and better sound, the distribution of several television programs at one time, or the ability to provide additional data like Web pages or software. However, the transition to digital TV got off to a slow start. In 1997, the FCC agreed on a plan to speed the adoption of digital television. The phase-in began in the fall of 1998, when NBC, CBS, ABC, Fox, and PBS began digital broadcasting in the country's largest media markets. The changeover to digital TV was expected to take at least nine years [more likely double that].
| 1992 Suiza ingresa en el Fondo Monetario Internacional
1992 Francisco Nieva, primer dramaturgo galardonado con el Premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Letras.
1991 El escritor Miguel Delibes obtiene el Premio Nacional español de las Letras, dotado con cinco millones de pesetas.
1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2870.49
| 1978 US first class postage now 15 cents (13 cents
for 3 years)
| 1940 L'évacuation de Dunkerque, commencée la
veille, continue; el sera terminée le 03 Jun.
1940 II Guerra Mundial. Paracaidistas alemanes ocupan la isla de Creta.
1937 Guerra Civil española: Se establece la censura de prensa en la España "nacional".
1916 US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
1900 Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
1879 El Congreso Internacional de Geografía, reunido en París, adopta el proyecto de Ferdinand de Lesseps para la apertura del Canal de Suez.
1865 President Andrew Johnson proclaims amnesty for most ex-Confederates
1864 Guerilla raids at Winchester, Tennessee
1864 Confederates capture wagon train at Salem, Arkansas
1864 Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1851, the Ohio Woman's Rights Convention's second and last day in Akron.
1795 (10 prairial an III) MANIFROY Louis, natif de Boutigny (Seine et Oise), maçon, est condamné à la déportation, par le conseil militaire établi à Paris, comme convaincu d'avoir tenu des propos tendants à avilir la Convention nationale, et à faire assassiner, par ces faits d'avoir participé à la conspiration qui a éclaté les 2 et 4 prairial an 3.
1791 Revolución francesa: se habla por primera vez de la divisa "Libertad, Igualdad, Fraternidad", en la Sociedad de Amigos de los Derechos Humanos.
1765 On his twenty-ninth birthday, nine days a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, Patrick Henry presents a series of resolutions opposing the British Stamp Act. He concluded his introduction of the Virginia Resolutions with the fiery words Caesar had his Brutus, Charles the First his Cromwell, and George the Third when, it is reported, voices cried out, "Treason! treason!" He continued, " and George the Third may profit by their example! If this be treason make the most of it."
1736 Llega a Quito la Misión Geodésica francesa para medir el grado del arco del meridiano de la línea ecuatorial.
1522 Carlos I de España conquista Génova en su lucha por Italia contra Francisco I de Francia.
1453 Constantinople, the capital of Eastern Christianity from A.D. 324, falls to Muhammad II (Turks); ends Byzantine Empire. The city afterward became the capital of the Ottoman Empire and was renamed Istanbul. Its conquest marked the end of the Middle Ages.
0757 Saint Paul I is consecrated bishop of Rome. He is elected Pope to succeed his brother Stephen III (or II) at the latter's death 07570426.
2006 A US army captain; an Iraqi interpreter; and Paul Douglas, 48, and James Brolan, 42; by a parked car bomb at 11:55 (07:55 UT) in Baghdad, Iraq. Cameraman Douglas and soundman Brolan, both British, imbedded with a US army unit, were outside a Humvee, filming for CBS-News. CBS correspondent Kimberly Dozier (US-UK), 39, is seriously injured. — (060530)
2005 Outside Bellefontaine, Ohio, on W. State Route 47 at #2337, Sharyl Shafer, 66, and her husband, Gary Shafer, 67; and some 300 meters away at #2647, Sheri Shafer, 37; Paige Harshbarger, 14; Megan Karus, 19; Scott Moody, 18, (grandson of Sharyl and Gary; son of divorced Sheri, friend of Megan and his girlfriend Paige, who had stayed overnight after celebrating the high school graduation of Scott and Megan, to take place today; Scott had refused to attend the celebration) who, in the early morning, walks to his grandparents' home, shoots them as they are preparing breakfast, then walks home and shoots the others who are still sleeping, and then shoots himself. His sister, Stacy Moody, 15, barely survives with two gunshot wounds to the neck and phones for help at about 10:00 (14:00 UT).
2004 Shulamit Weizman, 43, of Nahalat Yehuda, Israel, by a hit-and run as she was jogging in the morning along the Rishon LeZion-Beit Dagan road.
2004 Israeli Paratrooper Brigade Captain Shahar Ben-Yishai, 25, of Moshav Menachamia in the Jordan Valley, after being shot while commanding an Israeli raid started at 05:30 (02:30 UT) in the Balata refugee camp near Nablus, West Bank.
2004 At least 25 persons, including a boy, 10, in a school bus, after four al-Qaeda gunmen in military uniforms start firing and throwing hand grenades, at 07:30 in an oil industry compound in Khobar, Saudi Arabia, and then engaged in a shootout with security agents, then go inside the nearby Oasis residential compound and take hostages which are freed when Saudi commandos the next day drop from helicopters into the compound, from which three of the four attackers escape, while the fourth, the leader is gravely wounded and captured. The dead boy was the son of an Egyptian employee of Arab Petroleum Investment Corp.(Apicorp), a branch of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Companies. Others killed include a US-American, a Briton, a Pakistani, an Italian, a South African, a Swede, eight Indians, two Sri Lankans, three Filipinos, and three Saudis. At least 25 persons are wounded.
2004 Massoud Emami and five others, in crash of helicopter observing damage from the previous day's earthquake in Iran. Emami was governor of Qazvin province, the other dead are his deputy, a provincial police chief, the pilot, and two crew members were also killed.
2003 Johanne Svensson of Sweden, born in Denmark on 24 January 1892.
2002 Laron A. Ball [photo >], 20, shot by a policeman in a Milwaukee courtroom, where the jury was declaring Ball guilty of the 27 December 2001 murder of Amon Rogers, 27, during a robbery. Ball lunged for the gun of a sheriff's deputy, who was wounded in the struggle. [Ball deserves a Darwin Award]. MORE
2002 S. Sedkaoui, 35 ans, et M. Benhamouda, à bord d'une voiture prises dans une embuscade tendue par un groupe terroriste au lieudit Dar Ali, sur la route menant de Toualbia à la ville de Jijel, Algérie. Sedkaoui était , chef de la garde communale, et Benhamouda sans emploi. La 3ème personne dans la voiture, garde communal M. Bouchkara, a été blessé. Sedkaoui a pris les armes en 1993 pour combattre le terrorisme. La région a connu un acte similaire en septembre 2001 où deux gardes communaux furent tués dans un guet-apens tendu par des terroristes appartenant fort probablement au groupe de Abou Talha El Djanoubi qui écume les monts surplombant la ville de Jijel. C'est une région très boisée qui demeure aussi un lieu de prédilection d'un groupe présumé du GIA, mené par un certain Boudjaja.
2001 Sarah Blaustein, 53, shot in her car in a West Bank road. Her husband, Norman, 53, was lightly wounded, and a son, Sammy, 27, was seriously wounded with three bullets in his back. The Blausteins from Lawrence NY to the southern West Bank Jewish enclave settlement of Efrat in 2000.
2001 Gilad Zar, 41, Sarah Blaustein, 53, Esther Alon, 20, Israeli extremists murdered by Palestinians.
Gilad Zar, security officer for northern Samaria settlements, is assassinated in the morning in his car outside Kedumim, the northern West Bank settlement. Two other settlers, Blaustein and Alon, both from Efrat, are murdered in a Palestinian ambush on the way to Zar's funeral convoy from the Prime Minister's Office to Itamar, via the Karnei Shomron road near Kedumim where Zar was killed.
Zar is shot dead at the Jat junction east of the Kedumim as he drove by in his four-wheel drive vehicle. An ambush involving at least two gunmen shot at him from the distance, then approached the car and fired at least two full magazines of ammunition into the car and its driver. An organization calling itself The Regiment of Al-Aqsa Martyrs informed wire services in Beirut that it was responsible for the murder.
The two women from Efrat, on their way to the Zar funeral procession, were killed not far from the Neve Daniel settlement in Gush Etzion, on the Jerusalem-Samaria road. A passing car fired at them. Blaustein and Alon were seriously wounded, with Blaustein dying where the car stopped, and Alon dying in the hospital. Three others in the car were also wounded.
Gilad Zar, one of the founders of Itamar, was the son of Moshe Zar, convicted in the mid-1980s as a member of the Jewish Underground, a vigilante organization arrested by the Shin Bet for a series of terrorist attacks on Arabs, and convicted by the Jerusalem District Court for serving as the driver of the getaway car when members of the underground planted bombs that crippled then Nablus Mayor Bassam Shaka.
He spent only a few months in prison, and was released for reasons of health. Moshe Zar is one of the leading Jewish land dealers in the West Bank, and is known as one of the key financiers behind Gush Emunim and the Jewish enclave in Hebron.
Arabs who claimed Moshe Zar cheated them once attacked him with an ax, plunging it into his skull. He nonetheless managed to reach safety and hospital and later continued his work, which in one of his rare statements to the press he called "redeeming the land for Israel." Participants in the funeral were convinced that Gilad, who only two months ago was shot under similar circumstances, but like his father before him managed to reach safety and hospital, was targeted.
The funeral procession for Zar begins with a demonstration outside the Prime Minister's Office, continues to Itamar, the settlement he founded, and then to not far from the scene of the murder, just below the three-story mansion his father built nearly 30 years ago at Karnei Shomron, and from which he runs his land dealing operation.
At one point, near Itamar, an exchange of fire between Palestinians from a nearby village and Israeli troops in the area prevented the convoy from continuing.
At each stop on the way, eulogists spoke of Gilad Zar's selfless work on behalf of the settlement community and lashed out at the Israeli government.
Three of the most hardline ministers in the government, Tzipi Livni, Avigdor Lieberman and Rehavam Ze'evi all spoke on behalf of the government. Livni was shouted down by settlers, with Gilad's sister Anat Cohen, a prominent Hebron Jewish community activist, grabbing the microphone from the minister and shouting "You have tanks and planes. Start fighting and stop talking."
Both Ze'evi and Lieberman warned that "revenge is not a private affair," apparently conscious of the emotional turmoil in the angry crowd, which drew thousands of Gush Emunim supporters from throughout the territories. But they, too, were shouted at by the crowd.
When Ze'evi warned that "revenge is not a private affair," calls of "traitor" and "resign" came from the crowd. National Religious Party MK Shaul Yahalom, one of Gush Emunim's first generation, explicitly called on the government "to avenge the murder, cease the cease-fire and kill the murderers."
Rabbi Moshe Levinger, a friend of Moshe Zar's for more than three decades, and his in-law through the marriage of their children, called for the immediate establishment of 10 new settlements. Daniella Weiss, of the Yesha Council of Settlements, said "it's time to face it: We are at war and should rid the country of all of the enemy." Gilad's wife, Hagar, told television reporters that her husband "died for the nation."
Kach activists at the funeral claimed that on their way to the three main staging points for the day-long ceremonies marking Zar's murder, they had vandalized Arab properties. Zar's murder yesterday prompted rioting in the Jewish sector in Hebron, with Jewish settlers attacking Arab pedestrians and fighting IDF troops who tried to prevent the settlers from taking the fight into Arab Hebron.
Gilad Zar, like his father, rarely spoke to the press, but after he survived the last ambush against him, he told reporters that "we have to put (the Arabs) on their knees, send them back in time 15 years and make them grateful every day for us letting them work for us." He said that "us pleading with them for peace and a cease-fire is abnormal ... the right way is to create a different situation in which they beg us for a cease-fire." In addition to his wife, he left eight children, the oldest 15, and the youngest a few months old.
--1994 Erich Honecker, líder de la desaparecida República Democrática Alemana (RDA).
1985:: 35 persons in rioting between British and Italian spectators at the European Cup soccer final in Brussels.
1979 John H. Wood Jr., judge of the US Court of the Western District of Texas [photo >], shot by Charles Harrelson (father of the actor Woody Harrelson) hired by the defendant in a narcotics trial to prevent Wood from presiding over the trial. Harrelson would be sentenced to life in prison.
1970 John Gunther, 68, author/host (John Gunther's High Road)
1958 Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón, poeta español, P. Nobel 1956.
1934 Heihachiro Togo, almirante japonés, héroe de la guerra ruso-japonesa.
1930 George Washington Thomas Lambert, Australian painter, draftsman, and sculptor, who was born on 13 September 1873 in Saint-Petersburg. MORE ON LAMBERT AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1917 William Davidson Niven, British mathematician born in 1843.
1892 Bah 'u'll h Death of prophet (Ascension of Baha'Ullah-'Azamat 7, 49)
1862 Evaristo Fernández San Miguel y Valledor duque de San Miguel, militar y político español.
1858 Johann Moritz Rugendas, German painter born on 29 March 1802. MORE ON RUGENDAS AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1857 Agustina Zaragoza y Doménech, "Agustina de Aragón", célebre heroína española.
1839 Joachim Hao Kaizhi [1782–], Chinese Catholic lay catechist. He was baptized at the age of about 20. In the great persecution of 1814 he had been taken with many other faithful and subjected to cruel torture. Sent into exile in Tartary, he remained there for almost 20 years. Returning to his homeland, he was arrested again and refused to apostatize. Following that, and the death sentence having been confirmed by the emperor, he was strangled. He was one of the 120 Chinese Catholics and foreign missionaries in China who were canonized on 01 October 2000. —(070708)
1695 il cavaliere Giuseppe Recco, Neapolitan still-life painter born on 12 June 1634. MORE ON RECCO AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1660 Frans van Schooten II, Dutch mathematician born in 1615. He was one of the main promoters of Cartesian geometry.
1461 Unos 28'000 combatientes en la Batalla de Towton, la más sangrienta de la guerra civil (entre los York y los Lancaster, 1455-1485) de sucesión a la Corona de Inglaterra denominada "de las Dos Rosas".
1453 Constantino XIII Paleólogo, "Dragases", último emperador de Oriente.
2004 Baby Gorilla, at the Denver Zoo.
2001 The Itanium computer chip is introduced by Intel, two years behind schedule and after 10 years and over $1 billion in development. It is aimed at the corporate and server markets, as its 64-bit architecture enables 16 terabytes of memory instead of the 4 gigabytes of the 32-bit Pentium and Celeron. But the Itanium first release is twice as slow as the Pentium, and therefore will be used mainly for testing.
1957 Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, French mathematician.
1930 Edward Philip George Seaga, político jamaicano.
1922 Francisco Rodriguez Adrados, filólogo español.
1922 Iannis Xenakis Braila Romania, composer/architect/mathematician.
1897 Edward Wolfe, British artist who died in 1982. — more with links to images.
1893 Karel “Charles” Loewner, Jewish Czech US mathematician who died on 08 January 1968.
1885 Erwin Findlay Freundlich, German astronomer and mathematician who died on 24 July 1964. He worked with Einstein on measurements of the orbit of Mercury to confirm the general theory of relativity.
1882 Harry Bateman, English mathematician who died on 21 January 1946.
1880 Oswald Spengler Germany, philosopher, author of Die Untergang des Abendlandes (Decline of the West)
1875 Giovanni Gentile, filósofo fascista italiano.
1860 Isaac Albéniz, compositor y pianista español.
1845 Alberto Urdaneta Urdaneta, Colombian painter, engraver, and publicist. — links to images.
1840 Hans Makart, Austrian academic painter who died on 03 October 1884. MORE ON MAKART AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1838 Gérard-Marie-François Firmin-Girard, French academic painter who died on 08 January 1921. — more with links to images.