Dante is born... Japanese destroy Russian fleet... Hell in Paradis... Chechnya truce... Maltese Falcon author is born... Last Model T... Heydrich assassination... Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty... US Navy bombards Viet Cong... Swedish humanitarian aid to Viet Cong... Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... Ravaillac condamné... Kenyatta elected... Habeas Corpus upheld... Battle Hymn author is born... 1st international WWW conference... St. Petersburg is founded... Vanderbilt is born... Wilde imprisoned... Believe it or not: Ripley dies...
a 27 May:
2003 The tiny (10 employees) Swedish biopharmaceutical company Oxigene Inc. (OXGN) announces that it is forming a partnership with the charity Cancer Research UK to complete the preclinical and phase I trials of its compound OXi4503, designed to shut down the flow of blood to a tumor and starve it. On the NASDAQ 5.3 million of the 12.7 million OXGN shares are traded, surging from their previous close of $2.80 to an intraday high of $4.60 and closing at $4.35. They had traded as low as $0.78 as recently as 26 December 2002 and as high as $26.00 on 06 March 2000. [5~year price chart >] On 04 June 12.1 million OXGN share-transactions would be made (presumably some of the shares being traded several times during the day), surging from their 03 June close of $3.94 to an intraday high of $7.85 and closing at $7.23. This on the news that the US Food and Drug Administration is giving fast-track status to another Oxigene tumor-starving compound, Combretastatin A4 Prodrug, currently in Phase II studies for the treatment of anaplastic thyroid cancer, for which there is no current treatment.
2002 The United Nations opens a 5-day session on slavery. Anti-Slavery International publishes a report according to which there are some 27 million slaves in the world, citing the following facts, among others. Millions of girls working as domestics are being forced into sexual slavery. In Sudan, 5000 to 14'000 persons have been abducted into slavery since 1983. Hundreds of boys aged four to 10 are taken each year, primarily from South Asia to Gulf countries, especially the UAE, to race camels, a dangerous and sometimes fatal sport.
^ 2001 Sun Myung Moon gets Catholic Archbishop married.
In a group marriage ceremony presided by Sun Myung Moon [25 Feb 1920~], Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo [13 Jun 1930~] weds Marie Sung, 43, an acupuncturist from South Korea, which Moon had designated for him that same week. The Milingos plan to move to Africa.
Milingo was born on 13 June 1930 and ordained a Catholic priest on 31 August 1958. He was consecrated a bishop on 01 August 1969 as the first native archbishop of Lusaka, Zambia, replacing the missionary Jesuit archbishop Adam Kozlowiecki [01 Apr 1911~] who was made a cardinal on 21 February 1998. Milingo had to resign as archbishop of Luzaka on 06 August 1983 because of his practices of faith healings and exorcisms. He was then given a job at the Vatican in the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant Peoples, but persisted in his healings and exorcisms. He was retired in 2000. Now he says that the Church must change and everyone must get married. Moon teaches that Jesus' ministry as Messiah failed because he did not marry. Milingo says that he is not leaving the Church and does not care if he is excommunicated.
[< click on photo for enlargement and more details]
“His Grace” [should be “His Disgrace”] Archbishop Milingo has a web site in his name, but seemingly made by Moonies, on which views attributed to him are expounded.
Milingo would soon repent and, after an audience with the Pope, he would go on a retreat and, on 11 August 2001, write a short letter to the Pope saying that he is recommitting his life “in the Catholic church with all my heart, renouncing my living together with Maria Sung and my relationship with the Rev. Moon and the Family Federation for World Peace.” and concluding with the formula: “I am your humble and obedient servant.” MORE
In the same ceremony, excommunicated Catholic priest of the Washington DC archdiocese George Augustus Stallings Jr. [17 Mar 1948~], who calls himself the archbishop of the “Imani Temple African-American Catholic Congregation”, marries Japanese Sayomi Kamimoto [1977~]. —(091227)
1999 The international war crimes tribunal indicts Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic [20 Aug 1941 – 11 Mar 2006] for war atrocities and the mass deportations carried out by his army in neighboring Kosovo. His trial would begin on 12 February 2002, and would still be ongoing when Milosevic dies in his cell of a heart attack, possibly intentionally provoked by him with smuggled drugs.
1998 Netscape beat market expectations by posting a small profit for the second quarter of 1998. The company was struggling in the wake of an aggressive attack by Microsoft. Ultimately, Netscape's recovery was too late: AOL purchased the company in late 1998.
1990 Radical Democratic Party holds first political meetings in Moscow.
1987 Jim and Tammy Bakker appears on "Nightline" after PTL scandal
1985 In Beijing, representatives of Britain and China exchange instruments of ratification of the pact returning Hong Kong to the Chinese in 1997.
1979 Pope John Paul II [18 May 1920 – 02 Apr 2005] consecrates John Joseph O'Connor [15 Jan 1920 – 03 May 2000] as a bishop, auxiliary of the US Military. O'Connor would be appointed bishop of Scranton on 06 May 1983, archbishop of New York on 26 Jan 1984 and cardinal on 25 May 1985. —(091227).
1972 President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms reduction agreement that becomes known as SALT I (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks).
1960 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
| 1944 General Douglas MacArthur lands on Biak Island
in New Guinea.
1941 US President F. D. Roosevelt [30 Jan 1882 – 12 Apr 1945] proclaims an "unlimited national emergency"
1936 The Cunard liner RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage
1935 The US Supreme Court declares President Franklin Roosevelt's National Recovery Act unconstitutional
1931 Auguste Piccard [28 Jan 1884 – 24 Mar 1962] and his assistant Paul Kipfer make first flight into stratosphere (to 15'781 m), by first use of pressurized cabin in a balloon. In Augsburg, Germany, they are airborne by 03:57 and rise to maximum altitude in half an hour. But it takes them 15 hours to come down, because a stuck valve prevents them from releasing hydrogen. At 21:00 they land amidst rugged mountains in the Austrian Tyrol. (Long ago President George Washington watched aeronaut Jean Pierre Blanchard make the first aerial voyage in the New World)
1924 The General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, meeting at Springfield, Maryland, repeals its ban on dancing and theater attendance.
1921 After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
1920 Tatar ASSR established in Russian SFSR
1919 A US Navy seaplane completes the first transatlantic flight, in 11 days. (The US Army flew the first nonstop transcontinental flight from New York to San Diego in 1923)
1917 Benedict XV [21 Nov 1854 – 22 Jan 1922] promulgates the Codex iuris canonici. Divided into five books and 2414 regulations, the CIC is the first revision of canon law in the Catholic Church in modern times, and goes into effect at Pentecost 1918. It starts with Can. l. Licet in Codice iuris canonici Ecclesiae quoque Orientalis disciplina saepe referatur, ipse tamen unam respicit Latinam Ecclesiam, neque Orientalem obligat, nisi de iis agatur, quae ex ipsa rei natura etiam Orientalem afficiunt. ...and ends with Can. 2414. Antistita quae contra praescriptum can. 521, par. 3, 522, 523 se gesserit, a loci Ordinario moneatur; si iterum deliquerit, ab eodem officii privatione puniatur, illico tamen certiore facta Sacra Congregatione de Religiosis.
1907 Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco.
Oscar Wilde is sent to prison for sodomy
The playwright Oscar Wilde [16 Oct 1854 – 30 Nov 1900] is taken to Holloway Prison in London after being convicted of sodomy. The famed writer of Dorian Gray and The Importance of Being Earnest brought attention to his private life in a feud with John Sholto Douglas, the 9th Marquess of Queensberry [1844-1900], whose son Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas [22 Oct 1870 – 20 Mar 1945], was intimately involved with Wilde. The practice of homosexuality was a criminal offense and serious societal taboo at this time in Britain. Wilde had gone back and forth between hiding his sexual orientation and attempting to gain some measure of public acceptance.
After Queensberry, a virulent opponent of homosexuality, began spouting his objections to Wilde's behavior to the public, Wilde felt compelled to sue Queensberry for libel. Although advised that he was sure to lose, especially given the fact that Queensberry's charges were indeed true, Wilde insisted on going forward with the case in March 1895. In his defense, Queensberry argued that Wilde had solicited 12 boys to commit sodomy between 1892 and 1894. The overwhelming evidence proving Wilde was homosexual produced a victory for Queensberry.
This civil trial drew a great deal of public attention to Wilde's private life. Immediately after it was over, he was charged with indecency and sodomy by England's criminal courts. Rather than flee to France, Wilde decided to remain and stand trial. At a preliminary bail hearing, chambermaids testified that they had seen young men in Wilde's bed and a hotel housekeeper stated that there were fecal stains on his bed sheets. Wilde was denied bail. At Wilde's first criminal trial, he was cross-examined extensively on the "love that dare not speak its name." Wilde managed to secure a mistrial when a lone juror refused to vote to convict.
The second trial began on 21 May. Although many of the potential witnesses refused to betray Wilde by testifying, he was convicted. The judge remarked at his sentencing, "It is the worst case I have ever tried. I shall pass the severest sentence that the law allows. In my judgment it is totally inadequate for such a case as this. The sentence of the Court is that you be imprisoned and kept to hard labor for two years." Wilde served his two years and then spent the last three years of his life in exile. He died suddenly of acute meningitis brought on by an ear infection. In his semiconscious final moments, he was received into the Roman Catholic church, which he had long admired. He was buried in Paris.
Oscar Wilde won the Newdigate Prize in 1878 with a long poem, Ravenna. In 1881 he published Poems. In 1888 he published The Happy Prince and Other Tales, a romantic allegory in the form of a fairy tale. His only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray was published in 1890. In Intentions (1891), he grouped previously published essays. In 1891 also, he published two volumes of stories and fairy tales: Lord Arthur Savile's Crime, and Other Stories and A House of Pomegranates. Wilde is best known as the writer of the plays Lady Windermere's Fan, Salomé (in French), A Woman of No Importance, An Ideal Husband and, above all, The Importance of Being Earnest.
— more on the trials of Oscar Wilde
| 1864 Battle of Pickett's Mill, Georgia
1863 First assault on Port Hudson, Louisiana
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1844 Samuel F.B. Morse completes first telegraph line
1813 Americans capture Fort George, Canada
1668 Three colonists are expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists.
2006 Spencer Van Dyk, 4; his brother Carl Van Dyk, 8; and their father Dr. Edward Van Dyk, 43, who throws them off the 15th-story balcony of a Miami Beach hotel, and then jumps at 08:20 (12:30 UT) seen by his wife, Dr. Qinuo Van Dyk, 40, who is just coming out of the bathroom. Their home is in Alton, Illinois, where Edward Van Dyk was medical director of the radiation oncology program at Alton Memorial Hospital.. — (060528)
2006 Some 7000 persons in magnitude 6.3 earthquake with epicenter 35 km deep at 7º59'S 110º19'E, 20 km SSW of Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia, at 05:54 (22:54 UT on 26 May). Thousands of people are injured. More have their homes destroyed and are left with little food or clean water. — (060531)
2005 (Friday) Some 50 persons including a suicide bomber, 22, at 11:15 (06:15 UT) at the Bari Imam Muslim shrine in Islamabad, Pakistan, during anniversary commemoration of the death of spiritual leader Shah Abdul Latif, who is buried there. Some 200 persons are injured. The shrine is behind the home of Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, where no one is hurt.
2003 Luciano Berio, Italian composer born on 24 October 1925.
2002 Ruth Peled, 56, her 18-month-old granddaugher Sinai Kainan, and suicide bomber Jihad Titi, of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, ountside a coffee shop and ice-cream parlor at the small Em Hamoshavot outdoor strip mall, on Gissin street in the center of Petach Tikvah, Israel, at about 18:40. 27 persons are injured. The suicide bomber is the brother of Mohammed Titi, who was assassinated by Israel on 24 May 2002.
2001 Lital Talker, 1 on this day, of dehydration suffered on 25 May when her daycare provider, Hana Haim, after picking up the baby girl [photo >] at 07:30 from her home in Be'er Sheva, Israel, forgot her in the car, in her safety seat, with the windows rolled up, on a very hot day, until 12:30 when she found her unconscious.
1997 Un retraité de 64 ans tue l'ami de son fils, son beau-frère et sa belle-sœur à Gassin (Var). Il se sucide après avoir tué un gendarme et en avoir blessé un autre.
1973 Jacques Lipchitz, Lithuanian~French cubist sculptor born on 30 August 1891. — links to images.
1896, 255 by tornado in St. Louis, Missoury, and East St. Louis, Illinois.
1837 William Anderson, British artist born in 1757.
1831 Jedediah Smith, trapper-explorer, killed by Commanches on the Santa Fe Trail.
1734 (28 May?) Claude Audran III, French painter born on 25 August 1658.
1733 Carel van Faleus, Dutch artist born on 24 November 1683.
1717 Nicolas Colombel, French painter born in 1644.
1647 Achsah Young becomes first woman known to be executed as a witch in Massachusetts.
1596 Pellegrino Tibaldi da Bologna, Italian painter born in 1527. MORE ON TIBALDI AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1595 Philip Romolo Neri [22 Jul 1515–] “Apostle of Rome, Florentine saint canonized on 12 March 1622. His feast day is 26 May. He founded the Congregation of the Oratory, a society of secular priests approved by the pope on 15 July 1575.. —(080526)
1576 Admiral Louis de Boisot (Lodewijk van Boisot) lord of Ruart, born in 1530, drowns while commanding the Dutch fleet near Zierikzee during a battle to free that city from the Spanish rule. He was a Dutchman from a French Huguenot refugee family from Burgundy. He was the brother of Charles de Boisot, and son of Pierre de Boisot (treasurer-general in the Finance Ministry under Charles V [24 Feb 1500 – 21 Sep 1558] and Philip II [21 May 1527 – 13 Sep 1598), who was the younger brother of another Charles de Boisot [–1546] (adviser to Charles V). After 1567 he joined the watergeuzen (the largely Calvinist Dutch privateering forces whose 01 April 1572 capture of the port of Brielle in Zuid-Holland rallied popular support to the Netherlands' revolt against Spanish rule). In 1572 Louis de Boisot took part in a battle under William I of Orange [24 April 1533 – 10 Jul 1584]. Louis de Boisot was captured when he escorted William on his way to France, but he escaped. In 1573 he became Admiral of Zeeland and in 1574 Lieutenant-Admiral of Holland and Zeeland. At the Battle of Reimerswaal on 29 January 1574, he defeated a fleet under the command of Luis de Resquesens y Zúñiga [25 Aug 1528 – 05 Mar 1576] who on 17 November 1573 had become the Spanish governor of the Dutch Republic, succeeding the brutally tyrannical Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel 3er duque de Alba [29 Oct 1507 – 11 Dec 1582]. This battle freed the city of Middelburg from Spanish rule.
1564 John Calvin, one of the dominant figures of the Protestant Reformation, in Geneva.
2000 Lital Talker, would die on her first birthday from having been left for 5 hours in a closed car on a hot day.
1921 Caryl Chessman kidnapper who got the death penalty (1960)
1917 Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese politician, leader of the Liberal-Democratic Party (LDP; 1982–1789), and prime minister of Japan (1982–1987).
1915 Herman Wouk, US novelist: The Caine Mutiny (1951), The Winds of War (1971), War and Remembrance (1978), Marjorie Morningstar (1955).
1913 Otto Alfred Wolfgang Schultze-Battmann Wols, German artist who died on 01 September 1951.
1911 Hubert Humphrey , US politician from Minnesota who died on 13 January 1978. He was the 38th vice president of the United States (1965–1969) in the Democratic administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson [27 Aug 1908 – 22 Jan 1973] and presidential candidate of the Democratic Party in 1968. A liberal leader in the United States Senate (1949–1965; 1971–1978), he built his political base on a Democrat–Farmer-Labor coalition reminiscent of the Populist Movement.
1907 Rachel Louise Carson, US biologist who died on 14 April 1964, renowned for her writings on environmental pollution and the natural history of the sea: Under the Sea-Wind (1941), The Sea Around Us (1951), The Edge of the Sea (1955), and especially Silent Spring (1962) which created a worldwide awareness of the dangers of environmental pollution.
1894 Louis-Ferdinand Destouches “Céline”, French writer and physician, who died on 01 July 1961. He became famous with his first novel Voyage au bout de la nuit (1932), the story of a man's tortured and hopeless search for meaning, written in a vehement and disjointed style. His reputation diminished starting in the late 1930 because of his fanatical anti-Jew and anti-French polemics, his increasingly vicious and hysterical misanthropy, his relentless despair, amorality, rage, and pornography.
1893 Maxie Aarons of Florida, who would die on 02 October 2003.
1887 (23 May?) Jakob Steinhardt, German Israeli printmaker and painter who died in 1968.
1883 Jessie Arms Botke, US decorative painter who died on 02 October 1971. MORE ON BOTKE AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1881 Adolf Erbslöh, German artist who died in 1947.
1871 Georges-Henri Rouault, French Fauvist and Expressionist painter, printmaker, ceramicist, and stained glass artist, who died on 13 February 1958. MORE ON ROUAULT AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1868 Charles E. Prendergast, US painter who died in 1948. — links to images.
1862 John Edward Campbell, British mathematician who died on 01 October 1924. He is remembered for the Campbell-Baker-Hausdorff theorem which gives a formula for multiplication of exponentials in Lie algebras.
1858 Juan Jiménez y Martín, Spanish artist who died in 1901.
1837 Wild Bill (James Butler) Hickok (US Marshall, frontiersman, army scout, gambler, legendary marksman)