• Senate acquits Andrew Johnson... • Pequot Amerindians massacred... • Strategic Arms Limitation... • Dunkirk evacuation... • Last Czar is crowned... • Senate acquits Andrew Johnson... • Martyrs of the Commune... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Ford goons beat up union leaders... • National bank project... • Last Rebs surrender... • US charges USSR with spying... • Aussies leave for Vietnam... • North Vietnamese take Snoul... • Montana Territory... • Polar flyer dies... • Teacher shot dead by 7th grader... • Poet Housman is born... • Adobe president kidnapped...
a 26 May:
2006 Pope Benedict XVI [16 Apr 1927~] celebrates Mass in Pilsudski Square in Warsaw. — His homily mentions Pope John Paul II [18 May 1920 – 02 Apr 2005] and Cardinal Wyszynski [03 Aug 1901 – 28 May 1981]. —(060603)
2005 Following the 08 March 2005 vote of the city council of Pretoria requesting the change of the city's name to Tshwane, the South African Geographical Names Council (SAGNC) approves the change. Tshwane is already the name of the Metropolitan Municipality in which Pretoria, and a number of surrounding towns are located. However the name change will not become official unless approved by the Minister of Arts and Culture (not yet done as of 13 Mar 2007), then surviving court challenges, submitted to public comment, and finally voted by parliament. —(070313)
2002 Álvaro Uribe Vélez [04 Jul 1952~] is elected as President of Colombia for a 4-year term to start on 07 August 2002. Francisco Santos Calderón is elected Vice-President. Uribe is a hawkish former governor of the department of Antioquia (1995-1997), whose father was slain by guerrillas in a botched kidnapping attempt. Vélez gets 53% of the votes thus avoiding a runoff (which, if no one had more than 50%, would have been on 16 June) with his main opponent, Horacio Serpa, a Liberal Party populist and former interior minister who favors a negotiated settlement with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), as do other candidates: Luis Eduardo Garzón, a labor leader from the left; Noemí Sanín, a former foreign minister; and Ingrid Betancourt, a former senator kidnapped by rebels but still on the ballot. However most Colombians are tired of the negotiations with the FARC which have taken place during the 4-year Andrés Pastrana presidency without stopping the killing of some 3500 people a year started nearly 40 years ago. Uribe promises to double to 300'000 the numbers of soldiers and policemen fighting the FARC's 17'000 guerillas. However he may violate human rights and tolerate the right-wing paramilitaries, which are as murderous as the FARC. On 28 May 2006 Uribe would be re-elected (with 63% of the vote) for another 4-year term. —(060529)
2001 In the evening, first night of race riots in Oldham, England, between Whites and Asians (whose parents came from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh) who are about 50'000 in the population of 220'000. The riots resume the following night.
1978 first legal gambling casino opens in Atlantic City.
1977 Movie "Star Wars" debuts.
1977 George H. Willig scales the outside of the 110-story South Tower of New York's World Trade Center; he is arrested at the top and, the next day, fined $1.10..
1972 Strategic Arms Limitation
In Moscow, President Richard Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev sign the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, which limits the US and the USSR to two hundred antiballistic missiles each, which are to be divided between two defensive systems.
Nixon had arrived in Moscow on May 22 for his second visit, his first as president, becoming the first US president to ever visit the USSR. During a week of summit meetings with Brezhnev and other Soviet officials, the US and the USSR reached a complex of agreements (SALT I). One laid the groundwork for a joint space flight in 1975, but the most important were the Interim Agreement and Protocol on Limitation of Strategic Offensive Weapons and the Treaty on Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Systems which limited the US and the USSR to two hundred antiballistic missiles each, to be divided between two defensive systems. President Nixon returned to the United States on May 30.
Nixon had visited Moscow once before as US vice-president in 1959. As President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s vice-president, Nixon made frequent official trips abroad, including a historic trip to Moscow to tour the Soviet capital and to attend the US Trade and Cultural Fair in Sokolniki Park. Soon after Vice President Nixon arrived on July 23, 1959, he opened an informal debate with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev about the merits and disadvantages of their governments’ political and economic systems. Known as the "Kitchen Debate" because of a particularly heated exchange between Khrushchev and Nixon that occurred in the kitchen of a model US home at the American fair, the dialogue was a defining moment in the Cold War.
Vietnamese seize Snoul, Cambodia
In Cambodia, an estimated 1000 North Vietnamese capture the strategic rubber plantation town of Snoul, driving out 2000 South Vietnamese as US air strikes support the Allied forces. Snoul gave the communists control of sections of Routes 7 and 13 that led into South Vietnam and access to large amounts of abandoned military equipment and supplies. On 31 May, the Cambodian government called for peace talks if all North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces agreed to withdraw. The communists rejected the bid. Cambodia ultimately fell to the communist Khmer Rouge and their North Vietnamese allies in April 1975.
| 1966 British Guiana gains independence, takes the name
1961 USAF bomber flies the Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours
1961 Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee established in Atlanta
| 1948 South Africa elects a nationalist govt with apartheid
1946 A patent is filed in the United States for the H-bomb. It was the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, that induced the Japanese to surrender.
1943 first president of a black country to visit US (Edwin Barclay, Liberia)
1940 Chute de Calais Entrevue Reynaud - Churchill à Londres
1937 San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opens.
1937 Ford goons photographed beating
up union leaders
Union leaders and Ford Service Department men clashed in a violent confrontation on the Miller Road Overpass outside Gate 4 of the Ford River Rouge Plant in Dearborn, Michigan. The clash came three months after the UAW achieved its first landmark victory at Ford, when they had forced the company to negotiate a policy toward organized labor by staging a lengthy sit-down strike at the Rouge complex. The sit-down strike had succeeded largely because of the support of Michigan Governor Frank Murphy, who protected the strikers' right to bargain collectively. However, the labor agreement did little in the way of changing the day-to-day life of Ford workers.
At the time of the victory, the UAW was still a relatively small, well-organized group. Legally, Henry Ford was forced to give ground, but he did not relinquish his opposition to organized laborers. Instead, he allowed Harry Bennett, head of the Ford Service Department, to build an increasingly muscular force of Ford officials charged with the job of maintaining discipline in the work place. Bennett had, in the past, used what amounted to thug tactics to intimidate workers. After the sit-down strike, tensions ran high between employees and labor officials.
On this day in 1937, UAW organizers Walter Reuther, Bob Kanter, J.J. Kennedy, and Richard Frankensteen were distributing leaflets among the workers at the Rouge complex when they were approached by a gang of Bennett's men. [photo: Ford men approach Reuther and Frankensteen, third and second from right] The Ford Servicemen brutally beat the four unionists while many other union sympathizers, including eleven women, were injured in the resulting melee.
The attack was no surprise to Ford employees. One man summed up the tone at the Rouge factory: "I was glad to have a job but scared to go to work." One of the Ford Servicemen involved in the incident was Elmer Janovski, a twenty-six-year-old ex-bootlegger who had been personally hired by Bennett. "We were told there was trouble Reuther and Frankensteen were passing out flyers," said Janovski. "I started fighting with them. I didn't poke Reuther, but I poked the others, including the newspaper cameraman."
The newspaper camera operator in question was what made the Battle of the Overpass an extraordinary event. The day after the struggle, all of America was witness to the primitive tactics with which Henry Ford subdued organized laborers who had the law on their side. The publicity didn't end Ford's opposition to organized labor, but it certainly made his eventual acquiescence inevitable.
Reuther later recalled the event. He said that anti-union thugs "surrounded us and started to beat us up.... The men picked me up about eight different times and threw me down on my back on the concrete and while I was on the ground, they kicked me in the face and head and other parts of my body." Ironically, Janovski was fired from Ford and bounced between a number of low-paying jobs at automobile factories before he, too, joined the union. Some time later, he ran into Reuther at a labor rally in Detroit. "I told him that I was one of the guys on the other side at the Overpass," he said. "Reuther told me, 'It's all forgotten... we're all happy now... we're all brothers.' "
Today, a reported 5000 of River Rouge's 13'000 employees cross the Miller Overpass on the way to work. The landmark is a physical reminder of the suffering undertaken by brave workers who strove for a better quality of life.
| 1918 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence
1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes The Adventure of the 3 Gables.
| 1865 Surrender of Confederate General E. K. Smith's
Trans-Mississippi forces, the last Confederate army to surrender, in Shreveport,
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1862 Skirmish at Calico Rock, Arkansas
1858 In Pittsburgh, the Associate Presbyterian and the Associate Reformed Presbyterian churches merged to form the United Presbyterian Church in North America.
1856 Brigadier General Ned Beal of the California militia is sent by the governor to the Four Creeks region to treat with the warring Yokut Indians. The Tule River War.
1835 A resolution is passed in the US Congress stating that Congress has no authority over state slavery laws.
1831 Russians defeat Poles at the Battle of Ostrolenska.
1805 Napoléon Bonaparte is crowned king of Italy.
1790 Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress
1670 A treaty is signed in secret in Dover, England, between Charles II and Louis XIV ending hostilities between them. Although seldom seen on the battlefield, King Louis XIV masterminded the rise of France to a world power.
1647 A new law bans Catholic priests from the colony of Massachusetts. The penalty is banishment or death for a second offense.
1573 On the inland lake of Haarlemmermeer the Dutch and Spanish navies meet in battle. It is in the middle of the Dutch Revolt against Spain. MORE AT ART 4 MAY about the painting Battle of Haarlemmermeer, 26 May 1573 (1621) by Vroom [1563 – 02 Feb 1640 buried], and the historical background, including the role of the Sea Beggars.
1521 Martin Luther is banned by the Edict of Worms because of his religious beliefs and writings.
1328 William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII
1232 Pope Gregory IX sent the first Inquisition team to Aragon in Spain, after turning it over to the Dominicans the previous year.
0017 Germanicus of Rome celebrates his victory over the Germans.
2006 Tiffany Souers, 20, civil engineering student at Clemson University, South Carolina, is strangled with a bikini top, early in the morning, in her off-campus apartment a few kilometers from the university. — (060602)
2006 Édouard Michelin, born on 13 August 1963, drowns while fishing, managing partner and CEO of the Michelin company. He was the great-grandson of Édouard Michelin [23 Jun 1859 – 25 Aug 1940], co-founder of the company, in 1888, with his brother André Jules Michelin [16 Jan 1853 – 04 Apr 1931]. — (060527)
2006 Ten Taliban rebels and one policeman of the patrol they ambush in Ghazni province, Afghanistan. — (060526)
2003 Gretchen Cross of Vermont, born on 23 September 1892 in Colorado.
2003 Bull, shot by a police sharpshooter in Lancaster, England, after it escaped from an animal auction and charged into — worse than a china shop — nearby G and B Antiques' warehouse, where it destroyed antique china and other collectibles.
2003 Samr Arar, 11, Palestinian boy shot in the head by Israeli troops firing at a crowd of stone throwers in a village near Ramallah, West Bank, in the evening.
2003:: 62 Spanish soldiers and 13 crew members, who are all those on board a chartered Yakolev-42 plane of the Ukrainian company Sredizemnomorske, which, at 04:45 crashes into a mountain on its third attempt to land in thick fog for refueling at Trabzon, Turkey, and ammunition explodes. The Spaniards were 40 from the Army , 21 from the Air Force, and 1 from the Guardia Civil. They were returning home from Kabul, Afghanistan, where they were part of the peacekeeping force. 12 of the crew members were Ukrainian, 1 was Belarussian.
— List of the dead Spaniards (with their place of birth):
From the Army:
From the Air Force:
From the Guardia Civil:
[below: the plane completely broken up into small pieces]
2002 Andrew Clements, 35, an Army soldier; Norman OK detective Wayne Martin, and his wife, Susan; Misty Johnson, 28, her husband, James Johnson, 30, and their daughter Shay Nicole Johnson, 3; Gail Shanahan, 49, Maggie Green; and some 8 others as a dozen vehicles fall into the 3~meter deep Arkansas River when a 150~meter section of a highway I~10 606-meter-long bridge collapses, hit by two towed barges at about 08:00, near Webbers Falls, Oklahoma. The Johnsons, from Lavaca, Ark., were en route to Tulsa. Horse trainers Shanahan and Green were returning to Texas with a trailer hauling four horses which also drowned. The Martins were heading to Arkansas for a family reunion.
[photos below : one end of the collapsed bridge section rests on top of the barges]
|2002 Ribsy, 16, thrown out of a window of the 23rd floor
downtown Manhattan apartment of Eugenia Miller, its human (Ribsy was a terrier-poodle
mix dog), by her ex-boy friend, John Jefferson, 43, in a rage after a two-day
binge of crack cocaine, after he had thrown out her television, air conditioner,
stereo, and clothing off the balcony. After pleading guilty, Jefferson would
be sentenced, on 19 December 2002, to 2 years in prison for the murder of
Ribsy, and another 10 years for robbery (a 22 May knifepoint holdup), burglary
(his forcible entry into Miller's apartment), contempt of court, and stalking
2001 Bethany Nolan, at the Royal Children's Hospital in Brisbane, Australia, as an emergency operation fails to correct her heart and other problems. She is then surgically separated from Alyssa Nolan with whom she was born conjoined at the head on 03 May 2001.
1991 All 223 aboard a Lauda Air Boeing 767 which crashes in Thailand, due to an engine thrust reverser inexplicably activated shortly after takeoff.
Nelson Cole, US mathematician born on 20 September 1861. He
was the first to factor (with a computer it would be easy) 267 –
1 = 147573952589676412927 = 761838257287 x 193707721 (he used quadratic
1913 José Vela Zanetti, pintor y académico español. —(080526)
1902 Jean Joseph Benjamin Constant, French painter and printmaker born on 10 June 1845, specialized in Orientalism. MORE ON CONSTANT AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1851 Bertrand-Georges de Bayle, French artist born on 22 October 1788.
1821 Marie-Françoise-Constance Mayer-Lamartinière, French Neoclassical painter born in 1775. — more with links to images.
1709 Bernardus van Schendel, Dutch artist born in 1649.
1691 Jacob Leiser, leader of the popular uprising in support of William and Mary's succession to the throne, is executed for treason.
1951 Sally Ride, astronaut, the first US woman to ride in a space vehicle.
| 1931 Sven
Herman Axel Delblanc, Swedish scholar, novelist, and playwright,
who died of cancer on 15 December 1992. He mixed realism with the fantastic.
A recurrent theme in Delblanc's work is the conflict between human freedom
and overpowering social system. Delblanc's breakthrough book was Prästkappan
(1963), a picaresque tale, based on the Hercules myth but set in the 18th-century
1910 CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank)
1903 Carey Estes Kefauver [–10 Aug 1963] (Sen-D-Tn). After leading a much-publicized investigation into organized crime in the early 1950s, he sought the Democratic Party's nomination for President of the United States, in 1952 and again in 1956. In 1956, he was selected by the Democratic National Convention to be the running mate of presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson [05 Feb 1900 – 14 Jul 1965].
1899 Otto Neugebauer, Austrian historian of ancient mathematics. He died on 19 February 1990.
1898 Max Gubler, Swiss painter who died on 29 July 1973. — links to a biography and images.
1896 Yuri Dmitrievich Sokolov, Ukrainian mathematician who died on 02 February 1971.
1896 Dow Jones Industrial Average's first day, created by journalist Charles Henry Dow, founder of the Wall Street Journal. The original 12 stocks in the industrial average are: American Cotton Oil, American Sugar, American Tobacco, Chicago Gas, Distilling & Cattle Feeding, General Electric, Laclede Gas, National Lead, North American, Tennesee Coal & Iron, US Leather preferred, US Rubber. General Electric is the only one among the 30 stocks in the average in 2000. See http://averages.dowjones.com/ddorigin.html
1893 Vilhelm Henry Lundstrom, Danish artist who died in 1950.
1878 Spencer Frederick Gore, British painter who died on 27 March 1914. MORE ON GORE AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1874 Ernest Leonard Blumenschein, US painter who died in 1960, specialized in the US West. — links to images.
1868 (25 May?) Jules Alexandre Grün, French painter, illustrator, and poster artist who died on 15 February 1934. MORE ON GRÜN AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1867 Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck, the only daughter of Prinz von Teck, who was a member of the royal house of Württemberg. She was also a great-granddaughter of king George III of Great Britain. On 06 July 1893 she married George, duke of York [03 Jun 1865 – 20 Jan 1936], who became king George V on 06 May 1910. She became the the mother of kings Edward VIII [23 Jun 1894 – 28 May 1972] and George VI [14 Dec 1895 – 06 Feb 1952]. She died on 24 March 1953.
1846 Eduard von Grützner, German artist who died in 1925.
1840 Alfred Wordsworth Thompson, US artist who died on 18 August 1896. — link to an image.
1810 Christen Købke, Danish Realist painter who died on 07 February 1848. MORE ON KØBKE AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1788 Baby without a brain born to Mary Clark of England.
1667 Abraham de Moivre, French Hugenot mathematician, who would be a refugee in England from 1685 (18 Oct 1685: révocation de l'Édit de Nantes), and would die there on 27 November 1754. He pioneered the development of analytic geometry and the theory of probability. (De Moivre's theorem). Author of The Doctrine of Chance (1718).
1787 Franz Steinfeld, Austrian artist who died on 05 November 1868.
1759 John-Nost Sartorius, British artist who died in 1828. — links to images.
| Holidays Guyana : Independence Day (1966)
Religious Observances RC : St Eleutherius, pope [175-178], martyr / RC, Ang : Augustine, English Apostle, first abp of Canterbury (opt) / RC : St Philip Neri, priest
If reality wants to get in touch with me, it knows where I am."
If reality wants to get in touch with me, I'm not here."
If reality wants to get in touch with me, it's unreal."
If reality wants to get in touch with me, I want to know why."
If reality wants to get in touch with me, I would be happy to make its acquaintance."
If reality wants to get in touch with me, what does it want from me?
Life is a tragedy full of joy. Bernard Malamud, US author [26 Apr 1914 – 18 Mar 1986].
Life is a comedy full of sorrow.
Life is a drama lit by a brief candle.
Do not burn the midnight candle at both ends.
PLEASE CLICK HERE TO WRITE TO HISTORY 4 2DAY
updated Monday 26-May-2008 22:29 UT
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