• Mexican martyrs canonized... • Hong Kong supports Tienanmen protest... • Colette's Le Vagabond... • Shot his parents yesterday, today it's his school... • Death sentences for Qatar coup... • 7 moines massacrés... • Grande Jacquerie... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Le douanier Rousseau est né... • Alexander Pope is born... • Siege of Port Hudson... • De Soto dies... • Murder for fun... • Nazis kill mental patients... • Nazis gas Polish Jews... • Death camp factory... • Lindbergh crossed Atlantic... • Earhart crossed Atlantic... • Gorbachev consolidates power... • US military defends Hamburger Hill... • Dürer is born... • Everest in 17 hours... • US Red Cross... • Reverdy Johnson...
a 21 May:
2006 In a referendum in Montenegro, 55.4% of voters vote for independence from Serbia (55% was the minimum required) which, a few months later, is endorsed by a more than two-thirds vote in the new national assembly elected after the referendum. — (060522)
2003 At the annual meeting of the World Health Organization, the representatives of 192 countries unanimously adopt the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which mandates, within 5 years, restrictions on tobacco advertising, promotion, and smuggling, together with warnings on cigarette packets. It also recommends tax increases on tobacco. The yearly excess deaths due to tobacco are estimated to be 4.9 million now and, if effective measures are not taken, to rise 10 million by 2020, 70% of them in the poorer areas of the world..
2002 Magnitude 5.3 earthquake at 20:35 UT with epicenter at 36º43'N 24º28 E (85 km WSW of Naxos, Cyclades Islands, Greece) 96 km deep. It is felt in Southern Greece and as far away as Egypt.
| 2001 Singapore company director Ng Kwok Soon, 50, has
a heated discussion over the firm's debts with Stella Neo Aee Kee, 35. Infuriated
Ng pours a bottle of methanol on her and sets her afire with a piece of
burning paper. He throws a second bottle of spirit at Stella while she is
in flames. Stella Neo suffers burns to 35% of her body, which would require
a series of painful operations. On 12 November 2001, Ng, having pled guilty
to attempted murder, would be sentenced to life imprisonment.
1991 Ethiopia's Marxist president, Mengistu Haile Mariam, resigned and flees into exile as rebels continue to advance.
1990 Ion Iliescu gana las elecciones en Rumanía con el 90% de los votos.
1972 El dramaturgo Antonio Buero Vallejo ingresa en la Real Academia Española.
1971 National Guard mobilized to quell riot in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1970 National Guard mobilized to quell disturbances at Ohio State University.
1969 La nave espacial estadounidense Apolo X se acerca a 15 kilómetros de la Luna. Dos de sus tres tripulantes salieron del módulo lunar.
1968 Diez millones de franceses en huelga. Los enfrentamientos entre estudiantes y policías son diarios.
1968 The nuclear-powered US submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, is last heard from. The remains of the sub would later be found on the ocean floor 600 km southwest of the Azores.
| 1961 Alabama Governor Patterson declares martial law
1955 first US transcontinental round-trip solo flight sunrise to sunset
1951 Las tropas de la ONU (Organización de las Naciones Unidas) rechazan en Corea a los comunistas, al norte del paralelo 38.
1948 In Israel, in the afternoon, kibbutz Negbah is attacked by an Egyptian armored column and strafed from the air.
1944 II Guerra Mundial: Tras una durísima batalla, los aliados rebasan Montecassino, lo que facilita el enlace con las fuerzas de Anzio Nettuno y el avance sobre Roma.
1941 Los italianos, refugiados en Amba Alagi, tienen que rendirse y capitular en la Campaña de Etiopía. Tras estos sucesos, el imperio es restaurado y Hailé Selasié repuesto en el trono.
1940 Défaite de la IXème armée française Prise d'Amiens et d'Arras
| 1925 El explorador noruego Roald Engebrecht Amundsen
parte hacia el Polo Norte.
1924 Leopold and Loeb kidnap Bobby Franks for fun
1916 Britain begins "Summer Time" (Daylight Saving Time)
1916 Ramón Menéndez Pidal toma posesión de su sillón en la Real Academia de la Historia.
1915 Eruption of Lassen Peak, California: extrusion of lava from the summit and a destructive pyroclastic flow and lahars. A series of small explosions had begun on May 30, 1914. Minor activity continued through middle of 1917.
1879 Battle of Iquiquw
1876 Ingreso en la Real Academia Española del escritor Gaspar Núñez de Arce.
1864 Belgian missionary priest Father Damien, 24, is ordained a priest on the Island of Hawaii. Born Joseph de Veuster, the Picpus Father began a work among the lepers on the island of Molokai in 1873. Contracting the disease in 1884, Father Damien succumbed to it five years later.
1856 Lawrence, Kans captured, sacked by pro-slavery forces
1846 first steamship arrives in Hawaii
1840 New Zealand is declared a British colony.
1832 First Democratic Party national convention opens in Baltimore.
1831 Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre comunica a su socio Niepce el casual descubrimiento de la impresionabilidad del yoduro de plata por la luz, base de la fotografía.
1822 Agustín de Iturbide y su esposa son coronados emperadores de México.
1813 Napoleón derrota a prusianos y rusos en la batalla de Bautzen (Sajonia).
1804 Lewis and Clark Expedition begins
1536 The General Assembly of Geneva, Switzerland officially embraced Protestantism by accepting the evangelical faith of the Swiss reformers.
2006 Erica Bell, 24; her grandparents Leonard Howard, 78, and Gloria Howard, 72; Erica's great aunt, Deloris McGrew, 68; and Erica's cousin Darlene Mills, 47; shot by Erica's estranged husband Anthony Bell, 25, who abducts Erica and her 3 young children (who are unharmed) at 10:00 (15:00 UT) from The Ministry of Jesus Christ church (in an old warehouse) in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, as the Sunday service is nearing its end, after shooting the others and Erica's mother Claudia Brown, the church's pastor and founder, who survives seriously wounded. He shoots Erica at 11:30 (16:30 UT) in his car, a few kilometers from the warehouse, at the Ardenwood Park Apartments, and is arrested soon afterwards [< photo]. —(060522)
2006 Mohammed Ali Jalali, former governor of Paktika province, Afghanistan, abducted and murdered. He was a supporter of president Hamid Karzai [24 Dec 1957~]. —(060522)
2004 Two Iranian pilgrims; and 18 al-Mahdi militiamen among those fighting US tanks and AC-130 gunships in Karbala, Iraq, from about midnight to 03:00. The AC-130 is a slow (less than 500 km/h) fixed-wing airplane based on the huge C-130 Hercules transport, with, projecting from its left side, rapid-fire cannons in caliber up to 105mm, controled by sophisticated electronics; it can also launch missiles; it is operated by a crew of up to 14.
2004 Rashid Hamid Wali, 44, driver of an al-Jazeera TV crew filming combat between US occupiers and Mahdi Army militiamen, at 00:45 (20 May 20:45 UT) early in the morning, in the Bab Baghdad area of Kerbala, Iraq, by a bullet that hits him in the left eye while he was assisting the film crew on the 4th floor of their hotel.
2003 Nearly 3000 persons in magnitude 6.8 earthquake in Algeria, at 19:44 (18:44 UT), with epicenter near Thénia, at 36º53'N 03º44'E, 10 km deep. One of the severely affected towns is Boumerdes. Some 11'000 persons are injured. 15'000 are left homeless. This earthquake occurred in the boundary region between the Eurasian plate and the African plate. Along this section of the plate boundary, the African plate is moving northwestward against the Eurasian plate with a velocity of about 6 mm per year. The relative plate motions create a compressional tectonic environment, in which earthquakes occur by thrust-faulting (as this one) and strike-slip faulting. [searching for survivors the next morning >] Algeria has experienced many deadly earthquakes, but they have been dwarfed by the 120'000 deaths resulting from the Islamic terrorism raging now for more than a decade, since the military invalidaded an Islamic electoral victory. On 10 October 1980, the city of El Asnam (formerly Orléansville and today Ech-Cheliff) was severely damaged by a magnitude 7.1 earthquake that killed at least 5000 people. The site of El Asnam is situated approximately 220 km to the west of the recent earthquake. The same city, as Orléansville, had been heavily damaged on 09 September 1954, by a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that killed over 1000 people. On 29 October 1989, a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck about 110 km to the west of the recent earthquake and killed at least 30 people.
2003 Four innocent Afghan soldiers, shot by trigger-happy US Marine guards of the US embassy in Kabul, when they saw the Afghans unloading weapons from a truck at a military compound across the street. Four other Afghan soldiers are wounded.
2002 Abdul Ghani Lone, 69, and a bodyguard, shot by two masked gunmen wearing police uniforms, in Srinagar, Kashmir, at a cemetery during a conmemoration on the 12th arriversary of the assassination of Kashmir independence leader Maulvi Farooq. The attack happened after Lone came down from a platform with 5000 people looking on. He was shot in the heart, abdomen and thigh. A second bodyguard was being wounded. Lone was one of the leaders of the All Party Hurriyat Conference, a group of political and religious parties that advocate Muslim-majority Kashmir's separation from predominantly Hindu India, by peaceful means. Lone was born in 1932 in Kashmir and began his political career as a youth leader in the Congress party, before forming his own People's Conference Party in 1977. Lone was Kashmir's education minister in the 1970s. He joined it to Hurriyat in 1994 when the separatist movement began in earnest. In April 2002 he had been attacked during a hotel news conference by a Hindu nationalist who was a member of the Shiv Sena party, a member of Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's coalition. In November 2001, Lone had been threatened by a militant Islamic group. Two weeks earlier, shots were fired at his house in Srinagar, by agents of the state and central governments, Lone thought.
|2002 Utttam Sharma, 13, and two other civilians,
during exchange of gunfire between Indian and Pakistani troops in the Akhnoor
sector of Kashmir, near the Pakistan border. Sharma was killed by a Pakistani
[photo below, left: relatives of Sharma mourn over him]
Pushpa Devi kisses her dead boy goodbye]
| 2001 Hamad Abu Khosa, 45, and Ahmad Ala’jami, 27, from
Alboraij Refugee Camp in the Gaza Strip, shot by Israeli soldiers east of
2001 Newborn Mibenge, minutes old, swallowed by python, near Serenje, Zambia (date estimated from fact that Zambian TV reported it on 22 May). Joyce Mibenge was on her way to plough fields one and a half kilometers from her home when she went into labor. When she had recovered enough to hold her baby she saw a python which had engulfed it whole, but for the legs. She did not even know whether she had had a boy or girl.
2001: 34 Turkish soldiers, of an elite special unit, as a military CASA CN 235 transport crashes in Turkish-occupied Kurdistan.
El 21 de mayo de 1991, el sacerdote Jaime Gutiérrez Álvarez, rector del Colegio de La Salle de Medellín, fue muerto a dispararos.
1990 Mirwaiz Maulvi Mohammad Farooq, killed by unidentified gunmen, in his house. He was a Kashmir independence leader. Later in the day more than 50 persons are killed when Indian police open fire on mourners carrying the body of Maulvi Farooq.
1989 John Richard Hicks, economista británico, P. Nobel 1972.
1988 Richard J. Daronco and his killer. Daronco [photo >], a judge of the US Court of the Southern District of New York, is shot outside his home in Pelham NY, by a retired policeman, apparently in retaliation for the judge's dismissal of a sexual discrimination suit filed by the policeman's daughter. The killer then commits suicide.
1980 Salvador de Moxó Ortiz de Villajos, historiador español.
1957 Aleksandr Ivanovich Nekrasov , Russian astronomer and mathematical physicist born on 09 December 1883.
1953 Ernst Friedrich Ferdinand Zermelo, German mathematician born on 27 July 1871.
1935 Jane Addams, US social reformer and pacifist, born on 06 September 1860. In September 1889, with Ellen Gates Starr, she founded the social services center Hull-House, at 800 South Halsted Street, Chicago. She shared the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize (with Nicholas Murray Butler [02 Apr 1862 – 07 Dec 1947]). She was the author of Twenty Years at Hull-House (1919) — The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (1930) — Democracy and Social Ethics (1902) — Newer Ideals of Peace (1907) — The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets — (1910) — The Long Road of Women's Memory (1916) — Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).
1882 Manuel Ancízar, escritor, abogado y periodista colombiano.
1875 Johann Adam Klein, German painter and printmaker born on 24 November 1792.
1868 Jean-Antoine Duclaux, French artist born on 26 June 1783.
1848 Pierre Laurent Wantzel, French mathematician born on 05 June 1814.
1819 Dionys van Dongen, Dutch painter born on 03 September 1748. MORE ON VAN DONGEN AT ART 4 MAY more with links to images.
1813 Christiaen van Pol, Dutch artist born on 14 March 1752.
1934 Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson, profesor e investigador sueco, P. Nobel de Medicina en 1982.
1921 Andrei Dimitrievich Sajarov, científico ruso, P. Nobel de la Paz en 1975.
1916 Harold Robbins, novelista estadounidense.
1914 Greyhound Bus Company begins in Minnesota
1898 Armand Hammer NYC, millionaire industrialist (Occidental Petroleum)
1897 Felix Conrad Müller, German artist who died in 1977.
1895 Lázaro Cárdenas, político y militar mexicano.
1889 Jan Trampota, Czech artist who died on 19 October 1942.
1860 Willam Einthoven inventor (electrocardiograph)
1858 Edouard Jean-Baptiste Goursat, French mathematician who died on 25 November 1936. He is best known for his version of the Cauchy-Goursat theorem stating that the integral of a function round a simple closed contour is zero if the function is analytic inside the contour. Author of Cours d'analyse mathématique (1900-1910) which introduced many new analysis concepts.
1857 (or 12 May?) Emilio Boggio, Venezuelan French artist who died on 07 May (or in June?) 1920. — more with links to images.
1856 José Batlle y Ordóñez, presidente de Uruguay.
1855 Emile Verhaeren, à Saint-Amands, poète belge.
1851 Léon Bourgeois France, politician, internationalist (Nobel 1920)
1846 Nicolas Luc-Olivier Merson, French painter and illustrator who died on 13 (14?) November 1920 MORE ON MERSON AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1844 Edmond-Georges Grandjean, French artist who died in 1908.
1844 Henri Julien Félix le Douanier Rousseau, French Post-Impressionist painter who died on 02 September 1910. MORE ON LE DOUANIER AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1828 Johann Rudolf Koller, Swiss artist who died on 05 January 1905. MORE ON KOLLER AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1826 Adolf Heinrich Lier, German artist who died on 30 September 1882.
1471 Albrecht Dürer, artist and mathematician, who died on 06 April 1528. MORE ON DÜRER AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
427 -BC- Plato (Aristocles), Athens(?)
|Pierian spring??? Something like
the Prague Spring? a bedspring? Noooo...
It has to do with Muses, with inspiration, with knowledge.
In mythology, Pieria was said to be the region of origin of the Muses in Macedonia. (actually Pieria was somewhere in Greece).
In ancient Greek religion, the Muses were a group of sister goddesses, not individualized, the chief centre of whose cult was Mount Helicon in Boeotia, Greece.
The mythological systematization of the Muses began with the 8th-century-BC poet Hesiod, who mentioned the names of Clio, Euterpe, Thalia, Melpomene, Terpsichore, Erato, Polymnia (Polyhymnia), Urania, and Calliope, who was their chief. Their father was Zeus, and their mother was Mnemosyne (Memory). Although Hesiod's list became canonical in later times, it was not the only one; at both Delphi and Sicyon there were but three Muses, one of whom in the latter place bore the fanciful name Polymatheia (Much Learning). All the Hesiodic names are significant; thus Clio is approximately the Proclaimer, Euterpe the Well Pleasing, Thalia the Blooming, or Luxuriant, Melpomene the Songstress, Erato the Lovely, Polymnia She of the Many Hymns, Urania the Heavenly, Calliope She of the Beautiful Voice, and Terpsichore Whirler of the Dance.
A common but by no means unique list of the Muses, their specialties, and attributes is: Calliope: heroic or epic poetry (writing tablet) Clio: history (scroll) Erato: lyric and love poetry (lyre) Euterpe: music or flutes (flute) Melpomene: tragedy (tragic mask) Polymnia: sacred poetry or the mimic art (pensive look) Terpsichore: dancing and choral song (dancing, lyre) Thalia: comedy (comic mask) Urania: astronomy (globe).
PAINTINGS OF MUSES ONLINE:
by Eustache Le Sueur: Clio, Euterpe and Thalia Melpomène, Erato, Polymnia
by Nicolas Poussin: Apollon et les Muses
by Simon Vouet: Apollon et les Muses Les Muses Uranie et Calliopée
by Samuel Morse: “The Muse” (actually his daughter Susan)