• Geronimo's last hurrah... • USSR~Lithuania summit... • Papyrus boat sails to cross Atlantic... • Televised Watergate hearings... • US school segregation ruled unconstitutional... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Ruée Boche vers la mer... • Start of World Wide Web... • Incursion into Cambodia continues... • Author of Pointed Roofs is born... • Efforts to relieve An Loc... • New York Stock Exchange... • Puerto Rico... • Police kills Symbionese... • Big Black River Battle... • A B17: 25 bombings... • ENIAC contract... • Phone milestones...
a 17 May:
2001 York, Pennsylvania, mayor Charlie Robertson, 67, is arrested on charges of the 21 July 1969 murder of Lillie Belle Allen, 27, by White supremacists, to one of which, Rick Lynn Knouse, Robertson, then a racist policeman, gave ammunition for his 30.06 hunting rifle and instructed him to kill as many niggers as you can.
2000 Two former Ku Klux Klansmen are arrested on murder charges for the 15 September 1963 church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, which killed four Black girls. Thomas Blanton Jr. would be convicted and sentenced to life in prison on 1 May 2001. Bobby Frank Cherry would be indicted in 2000, but his trial delayed after evaluations raise questions about his mental competency..
2002 Bob Hatch, 48, of Pasadena, California, establishes a world record for loudness of snapping fingers: 108 decibels.
1996 President Clinton signed a measure requiring neighborhood notification when sex offenders move in. (Megan's Law, as it's known, is named for Megan Kanka, a 7-year-old New Jersey girl who was raped and slain in 1994.)
1994 Se realizan las primeras elecciones democráticas en Malawi.
1992 El papa Juan Pablo II beatifica a José María Escrivá de Balaguer y Albas, fundador del Opus Dei.
1991 The Commerce Department reported the US trade deficit had narrowed sharply in March 1991 to $4.05 billion, the lowest level in nearly eight years.
1990 Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches a record 2831.71
1990 Gorbachev meets
with Lithuanian prime minister
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meets with Lithuanian Prime Minister Kazimiera Prunskiene in an effort to settle differences arising from Lithuania's recent proclamation of independence from the Soviet Union. For Gorbachev, the meeting was a test of his skill and ability to maintain the crumbling Soviet empire. Lithuania became part of the Soviet Union after Soviet forces seized it in 1939, and the country remained a Soviet republic for the next 50 years. In 1989, Gorbachev publicly repudiated the so-called Brezhnev doctrine. This doctrine established in 1968 to justify the Soviet military intervention to put down anti-government protest in Czechoslovakia allowed the Soviet Union to use force to preserve already existing communist governments in other states. Gorbachev's repudiation was obviously intended to improve relations with Russia's increasingly restless allies in eastern Europe, where anti-government and anticommunist protests were growing. In Lithuania, however, anti-Soviet nationalists took Gorbachev's statement to mean that Russia would not interfere with an independent movement in one of its own republics. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania declared itself an independent republic. Gorbachev, however, had no intention of allowing republics to break free from the USSR.
On 17 May, Gorbachev meets with Lithuanian Prime Minister Kazimiera Prunskiene in Moscow to discuss the situation. Despite optimistic press releases concerning their talks, it quickly became apparent that Lithuania would not back down on its claim to independence. After imposing economic sanctions and threatening military action, the Soviet Union launched a full-scale military assault against Lithuania in January 1991. The Soviet effort was in vain, however. In December 1991, 11 of the 12 Soviet Socialist Republics (including Lithuania) proclaimed their independence and established the Commonwealth of Independent States. A few weeks later, Gorbachev resigned as president and the Soviet Union ceased to exist. The Lithuanian-Soviet conflict had a significant impact on US-Soviet relations. Many in the United States were horrified by the January 1991 military Soviet intervention into Lithuania. The US Congress quickly moved to end economic assistance to the Soviet Union. Some US officials also believed that Russia's actions indicated that Gorbachev, despite his talk of reform, was increasingly under the control of hard-liners in the Soviet government.
| 1968 European Space Research Org launches first satellite
1961 Cuban leader Fidel Castro offered to exchange prisoners captured in the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion for American heavy tractors
1960 first atomic reactor system to be patented, JW Flora, Canoga Park CA
1959 Nuntius Radiophonicus dato a Papa Ioanni XXIII [25 Nov 1881 – 03 Jun 1963] in die Festo Pentecostes, ad radiophonicam terminandam propagationem septem stropharum hymni Veni Creator, quae in septem Templis Maximis, per Europae fines, decantatae et a praesulibus explicatae sunt (die 17 m. Maii A. D. MCMLIX) —(080509)
1957 Prayer Pilgrimage, biggest civil rights demonstration to date (DC)
1948 Josip Broz Tito y su Gobierno yugoslavo, acusados de traición por el Partido Comunista soviético al negarse a aceptar el arbitraje de la Kominform para dirimir las diferencias entre ambos países.
1946 US President Truman seized control of the nation's railroads, delaying a threatened strike by engineers and trainmen.
1946 El dictador rumano mariscal Ion Antonescu es condenado a muerte.
| 1938 The US Congress passes the Vinson Naval Act, providing
for a two-ocean navy.
1935 El general Francisco Franco Bahamonde es nombrado jefe del Estado Mayor Central de España.
1906 Switzerland's Simplon Tunnel opens to rail traffic
1902 Alfonso XIII alcanza la mayoría de edad (16 años), jura la Constitución e inicia su reinado. Cesa su madre en la regencia.
1864 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
1813 José Bonaparte abandona definitivamente Madrid.
1809 Papal States annexed by France 1808 (?) Napoleón Bonaparte decreta en Viena la anexión de los Estados romanos al Imperio francés.
1804 Lewis and Clark begin exploration of the Louisiana Purchase
1794 BERGUIER Marguerite, femme Bonay, domiciliée à Tourneville, canton de Brutus-Villiers, département de la Seine inférieure, est condamnée à mort par contumace, comme fabricatrice de faux assignats, , par le tribunal criminel du département de la Seine.
1756 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French and Indian War)
1620 first merry-go-round seen at a fair (Philippapolis, Turkey)
1520 Cédula de Carlos I reconociendo a Diego Colón los títulos de Almirante y Virrey de las Indias, descubiertas por su padre.
1291 Scottish medieval Franciscan philosopher John Duns Scotus, 25, is ordained. He believed in "divine will" rather than "divine intellect," and founded a scholastic system called Scotism. In the Catholic Church he is known as "the Subtle Doctor."
0884 St Adrian III begins his reign as Pope
0352 Liberius is elected 36th pope. During this time the dispute between Arius and Athanasius was at its height, and after vacillating earlier, Liberius vindicated himself as a champion of Nicene orthodoxy.
0218 7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
2008 Khyra Ishaq, 7, a girl among six children taken to the hospital after being found starving in the home of her mother, Angela Gordon, 33, and stepfather, Angela Gordon, 33, and Junaid Abuhamza, 29 (who are both arrested), on Leighton Road in the Handsworth neighborhood of Birmingham, England. A neighbor had called police after seeing the emaciated children gathering bread crumbs thrown on the ground for birds. —(080521)
2006 Mustafa Yücel Õzbilgin, after being shot in the head by lawyer Alparslan Aslan [1977~], shouting “Allahu Akbar”, during a meeting of Turkey's second chamber of the Council of State, of which Ozbilgin was a judge, and which angered Islamists by ruling on 08 February 2006 for the demotion of the director of the Golbasi Bayrak Kindergarten, woman teacher Aytac Kilinç (related? to Islamist general Tuncer Kilinç, former secretary-general of Turkey's National Security Council?) who wore a headscarf on her way to school (but not inside it); Recep Tayyip Erdogan [26 Feb 1954~] said on 14 February 2006: “As the prime minister of a country where freedom prevails, I condemn the decision.”; the Islamist daily Anadolu'da Vakit made the Council a target by publishing the names and photos of its judges. Mustafa Birden, head of that court, is seriously wounded in the stomach. Other judges, Ayfer Õzdemir (who opposed the headscarf ruling), Ayla Gonenc, Ahmet Cobanoglu, are lightly wounded by some of the 11 shots fired by Aslan from his Glock gun. — (060518)
2005 Sheik Mouwaffaq al-Husseini, a Shiite imam, in a drive-by shooting in the Jihad neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq.
2005 Former Baath Party member Kanis Mohammed al-Janabi and his three sons, aged 17 to 25, abducted and killed Tuesday in Tunis village, Iraq.
2005 Khorshed Alam, a legal affairs secretary of the Awami League, shot as he steps out of his home in the Tejgaon neighborhood of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Awami League, which is the main opposition party, calls a protest strike the next day against what is calls a "pre-planned political murder", the responsibility of which presumably lies with the Bangladesh Nationalist Party of Begum Khaleda Zia [15 Aug 1945~], the first woman to serve as prime minister of Bangladesh, widow of President (dictator) general Zia ur-Rahman [19 Jan 1936 - 30 May 1981], who was assassinated by military officers.
2005 Some 100 of the 150 or more on board the ferry MV Raipura, a twin-decker, which capsizes in the Jamuna river, near Aricha, Bangladesh, during a storm.
2004 At least 90 prisoners in a predawn fire in the overcrowded prison in San Pedro Sula, Honduras. Some 20 prisoners are injured.
2004 Abdel-Zahraa Othman “Izzadine Salim”, Thamir Abbas Ridda, four others accompanying Saleem, two Iraqi policemen, and a car bomber at 05:30 UT at a checkpoint of the US occupation headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq, where Salim was arriving in a five-car motorcade, to attend the daily meeting of the puppet Governing Council, of which he was this month's chairman. Salim was a Shiite, leader of the Daawa Islamic Party in Basra, writer, philosopher, political activist, and editor of several newspapers and magazines. 14 Iraqis, 1 Egyptian and, lightly, 2 US soldiers are injured.
2004 Corp. Matteo Vanzan, 23, from Campo Nogara, Veneto, Italy, dies at 04:35 of wounds suffered the previous day from a mortar round during a six-hour battle as al-Mahdy militiamen attack the Italian occupiers' Libeccio base in Nasiriyah, Iraq. Vanzan was serving in the “Reggimento Serenissima” (Primo Reggimento Lagunari di Venezia). He was one of twenty Italian soldiers wounded in that battle.
2003 Some 400 persons by flood and landslides late in the day, in three districts of south-central Sri Lanka, after days of rain caused by a tropical depression in the Bay of Bengal.
2003 Gidi Levy, 31, his wife Dina Levy, 37, their Unborn Baby, and suicide bomber Fuad Qawasmeh, 21, in Jewish enclave settlement in Hebron, West Bank.
2003:: 28 Germans in tourist bus, with 72 tourists and 2 drivers on board, which skids past the safety barrier and overturns at 05:00 (03:00 UT) during heavy rain, on Autoroute A6, 10 km north of Lyon, France. 47 are injured. The German bus belonged to the Tiger Reisen tour company and was headed toward Spain. [after the wrecked bus is righted >]
2002 Natasha and Courtney Smith, in the UK, conjoined twins sharing one liver and one heart, born to Tina May and Dennis Smith on 29 April 2002. They die without separation surgery, which they would have not been likely to survive.
2002 John Butera, 87, stabbed, in his home behind his watch repair shop on Bedford Avenue, Pittsburgh.
1994 José Prat, político español, presidente del Ateneo de Madrid y ex senador socialista.
1993 Ramón Sarro Burbano, médico español, famoso psiquiatra.
1992 Álvaro Chaves Mendoza, antropólogo combiano.
1989 Justino de Azcárate y Florez, político español.
1987 Gunnar Myrdal, 88, Sweden, economist (Nobel 1974).
1987: 37 sailors as USS Stark is hit by missiles from an Iraqi warplane, in the Persian Gulf. (Iraq and the US would call the attack a mistake.)
1981 Jeannette Ridlon Piccard, first US woman free balloon pilot.
1974 Donald DeFreeze,
General Teko, and 4 other Symbionese, killed by police.
In Los Angeles, 500 police officers surround a home in Compton where the leaders of the terrorist group known as the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) are hiding out. Police found the house in Compton when a local mother reported that her kids had seen a bunch of people playing with an arsenal of automatic weapons in the living room of the home. Los Angeles police shoot an estimated 1200 rounds of ammunition into the tiny Compton home as six SLA members shoot back. Teargas containers thrown into the hideout start a fire, but the SLA refuses to surrender. Six of the group's nine known members are found dead, including SLA leader Donald DeFreeze, who called himself General Field Marshall Cinque. Autopsy results showed that they continued to fire back even as smoke and flames were searing their lungs; they clearly chose suicide and martyrdom over jail. Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst and William and Emily Harris, SLA members wanted for armed robbery, are not on the premises.
The SLA was a small group of violent radicals who quickly made their way to national prominence, far out of proportion to their actual influence. They began by killing Oakland's superintendent of schools in late 1973.
On 02 February 1974, Patty Hearst, the daughter of newspaper publisher Randolph Hearst, was kidnapped from her Berkeley, California, home by SLA members. Ten days later, a ransom message was sent to the Hearst family demanding $70 in foodstuffs for every needy person in California. Randolph Hearst hesitantly obliged, giving away some $2 million worth of food, but Patty Hearst was not released.
On 03 April, the SLA released a tape on which Hearst said that she was changing her name to Tania and joining the SLA. Twelve days later, a surveillance camera recorded her holding a submachine gun during an SLA robbery of a San Francisco bank. In another incident, SLA member General Teko was caught trying to shoplift a pair of 49-cent socks from a sporting goods store, but escaped when Hearst sprayed the front of the building with machine gun fire.
Although law enforcement officials began talking about the SLA as if they were a well-established paramilitary terrorist organization, the SLA had only a handful of members, most of who were disaffected middle class youths. Randolph Hearst, Patty's father, remarked that the massive attack had turned "dingbats into martyrs."
Finally, on 18 September 1975, Hearst was captured in a San Francisco apartment and arrested for armed robbery. She was convicted on March 20, 1974, and sentenced to seven years in prison. On 09 May 1977, she was released on probation, and returned to a more routine existence.
The SLA had kidnapped Patricia Hearst, of the fabulously wealthy Hearst family publishing empire, months earlier, earning headlines across the country. Police found the house in Compton when a local mother reported that her kids had seen a bunch of people playing with an arsenal of automatic weapons in the living room of the home. The LAPD's 500-man siege on the Compton home was only the latest event in a short, but exceedingly bizarre, episode. The SLA was a small group of violent radicals who quickly made their way to national prominence, far out of proportion to their actual influence. They began by killing Oakland's superintendent of schools in late 1973 but really burst into society's consciousness when they kidnapped Hearst the following February. Months later, the SLA released a tape on which Hearst said that she was changing her name to Tania and joining the SLA. Shortly thereafter, a surveillance camera in a bank caught Hearst carrying a machine gun during an SLA robbery.
In another incident, SLA member General Teko was caught trying to shoplift a pair of 49-cent socks from a sporting goods store, but escaped when Hearst sprayed the front of the building with machine gun fire. Although law enforcement officials began talking about the SLA as if they were a well-established paramilitary terrorist organization, the SLA had only a handful of members, most of who were disaffected middle class youths.
On 17 May, Los Angeles police shoot an estimated 1200 rounds of ammunition into the tiny Compton home as six SLA members shoot back. Teargas containers thrown into the hideout start a fire, but the SLA refuses to surrender. Autopsy results showed that they continued to fire back even as smoke and flames were searing their lungs; they clearly chose suicide and martyrdom over jail. Randolph Hearst, Patty's father, remarked that the massive attack had turned "dingbats into martyrs." The raid left six SLA members dead, including leader Donald DeFreeze, also known as Cinque. Patty Hearst was not inside the home at the time.
| 1913 Heinrich
Martin Weber, German mathematician born on 05 May 1842. He
worked on a wide variety of topics, but his main work was in algebra, number
theory, analysis, and applications of analysis to mathematical physics.
1848 Jan Frans Eliaerts, Belgian artist born on 01 January 1761.
1844 Julius Wellhausen, the German biblical scholar who, in his 1878 History of Israel, first advanced the JEDP Hypothesis, claiming that the Pentateuch (i.e., the first five O.T. books) was a compilation of four earlier, literary sources.
1765 Alexis Claude Clairaut, French mathematician born on 07 May 1713. In 1743 he published Théorie de la figure de la Terre confirming the Newton-Huygens belief that the Earth was flattened at the poles. He also wrote Elements d'algèbre(1749) and Elements de géometrie (1765).
1750 Georg Engelhardt Schröder, German artist born on 31 May 1684.
1749 Jean-Marc Ladey, French artist born in 1710.
1729 Samuel Clarke, English mathematician born on 11 October 1675.
1717 (16 May?) Bon de Boullogne, French artist baptized as an infant on 22 February 1649. — more with links to images.
1716 Pieter Janszoon van Ruijven (or Reuver), Dutch artist born on 07 March 1651.
1695 Cornelis de Heem, Dutch painter born on 08 April 1631. — MORE ON DE HEEM AT ART “4” MAY with links to images.
1656 Dirk Hals, Dutch painter born on 19 March 1591. MORE ON HALS AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1635 Domenico Robusti, Venetian painter born in 1560. — links to images.
1622 Leonello Spada, Italian artist born in 1576. MORE ON SPADA AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1510 Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi Sandro Botticelli, in Florence, born in 1445, one of the greatest painters of the Florentine Renaissance. His The Birth of Venus and Primavera are often said to epitomize for modern viewers the spirit of the Renaissance. MORE ON BOTTICELLI AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1915 Jean Cazeneuve, French sociologist who died on 04 October 2005. —(060524)
1899 Alfonso Reyes, escritor mexicano.
1886 Alfonso XIII nace y es proclamado rey de España bajo la regencia de su madre, María Cristina de Habsburgo-Lorena.
1865 La Unión Internacional de Telegrafía: se firma en París el convenio que la establece.
1864 Melquiades Álvarez y Gonzárez Pivada, jurista y político español.
1861 Maxime-Émile-Louis Maufra, French Impressionist painter who died on 23 May 1918. MORE ON MAUFRA AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1854 Karl Schweninger II, Austrian artist who died in 1903.
1845 Jacint Verdaguer, poeta catalán.
1836 Joseph Norman Lockyer, would discover Helium, found Nature magazine
1806 Pascual Madoz, intelectual, político y escritor español.