• Protests mount in France... • Last Jews in Warsaw ghetto killed... • Germans attack Russian partisans... • President Johnson acquitted... • Battle of Champion's Hill... • Voltaire in Bastille... • Krushchev~Eisenhower talks collapse... • Du Guesclin sauve la France... • Fourier dies... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Phonograph record... • Japanese woman scales Everest... • US admiral's suicide... • GM tech center... • The nickel coin... • Louis marries Marie~Antoinette...
a 16 May:
2004 Presidential election in the Dominican Republic, which is suffering an economic crisis. Leonel Fernández, 50, who was president from 1996 to 2000, of the centrist Dominican Liberation Party, wins with 54% of the vote. Incumbant Hipolito Mejía, 63, of the center-left Dominican Revolutionary Party gets 36%. Christian Democrat candidate Eduardo Estrella gets 9%.
2001 Manchester, England, police responds to a silent emergency 999 telephone call. Through the window of the house from which the call was made, they see a cocaktiel standing on the push button phone with the receiver off the hook. No one else is in the house. For legal reasons, police refuses to give the name of the parrot, who is not talking.
2000 The US Federal Reserve board raises the federal funds rate by one-half percent, the biggest increase in five years.
1993 Suleimán Demirel es elegido noveno presidente de Turquía.
1989 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, meet in Beijing in the first Sino-Soviet summit in 30 years, formally ending the feud between the two countries.
1988 US Supreme Court rules trash may be searched without a warrant
1988 Marruecos y Argelia restablecen sus relaciones diplomáticas, pese a reconocer Argel a la República Arabe Saharaui Democrática.
1986 Marruecos y Argelia rompen sus relaciones diplomáticas.
1974 Helmut Schmidt jura su cargo de canciller de la RFA.
1969 The Russian spacecraft Venus 5 landed on the planet Venus.
1943 II Guerra Mundial: Tras cuatro semanas de lucha, las fuerzas alemanas terminan por vencer la resistencia del gueto de Varsovia.
1940 Les Allemands dans les Flandres
1925 Arthur Atwater Kent, aboard the blimp The Los Angeles called his wife, Mabel Lucas Kent, in a car in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1920 Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc) canonized in Rome
1920 Un referéndum decide la adhesión de Suiza a la Sociedad de Naciones.
1901 Start of Sherlock Holmes's The Adventure of the Priory School.
1897 Stuart Blackton and Albert E. Smith of the newly formed Vitagraph film company shoot their first fictional film, The Burglar on the Roof. The film was shot on the roof of a New York City building. The company flourished in the silent film era, introducing future stars like Rudolph Valentino and Norma Talmadge. Warner Bros. purchased the company in 1925.
1879 Treaty of Gandamak between Russia and the English, to set up Afghan state
1864 Battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia continues
1825 Para zanjar las encontradas aspiraciones territoriales entre Argentina y Perú, Simón Bolívar crea una nueva república, que se llamó Bolivia.
1812 Las Cortes de Cádiz excluyen de la sucesión al trono a los infantes Francisco de Paula y María Luisa, hermanos de Fernando VII, supuestos hijos de Godoy y la reina.
1811 Tropas hispano-anglo-lusitanas, mandadas por Wellington, derrotan a los franceses en la batalla de La Albuera (Badajoz).
1811 El futuro libertador de Chile y Perú, José de San Martín, es ascendido a comandante tras la batalla de La Albuera.
1770 Louis marries Marie-Antoinette ^top^
At Versailles, Louis, the French dauphin, 15, married Marie-Antoinette, 14, the daughter of Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. Born in Vienna, Marie Antoinette married Louis to strengthen France’s alliance with its longtime enemy, Austria. Four years later, with the death of King Louis XV, Louis and Marie were crowned king and queen of France.
From the start, Louis was unsuited to deal with the severe financial problems that he had inherited from his grandfather, and his queen soon fell under criticism for her extravagance, her devotion to the interests of Austria, and her opposition to reform. Marie exerted a growing influence over her husband, and under their reign the monarchy became dangerously alienated from the French people.
In a legendary episode [a testimonial to her reputation more than to historical fact], Marie allegedly responded to the news that the impoverished French workers had no bread to eat by declaring "Let them eat brioche." At the outbreak of the French Revolution, Marie and Louis resisted the advice of constitutional monarchists who sought to reform the monarchy in order to save it, and by 1791 opposition to the royal pair had become so fierce that the two were forced to flee. During their attempted escape to Austria, Marie and Louis were apprehended at Varennes, France, and taken back to Paris where they were imprisoned.
In 1792, the French National Convention voted to abolish the monarchy, and in January of 1793, Louis was convicted by the tribunal for conspiracy with foreign powers and executed. Nine months later, in October, Marie, also convicted of treason, followed her husband to the guillotine.
1763 Samuel Johnson [1772 portrait by Joshua Reynolds >] meets his future biographer James Boswell in London. BOSWELL ONLINE: Boswell's Life of Johnson, Abridged and Edited.
JOHNSON ONLINE: The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia — The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia (PDF) — A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland (page images) — A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland) — The Life of Milton — The Life of Pope — The Life of Savage — Selected works — The Vanity of Human Wishes — The Vanity of Human Wishes — The Vanity of Human Wishes — translator of: A Voyage to Abyssinia, by Jeronimo Lobo,
1571 Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations (done later), is conceived at 04:37.
1509 Zarpa del puerto de Cartagena la escuadra que, al mando del cardenal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, había de conquistar Orán (actual territorio de Argelia).
2005 Mark McKenzie, 37; his mate, Brenda Kay Groene, 40; and her son Slade Groene, 13; hit on the head in the early hours, in their home near Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. Brenda's children, Shasta Groene, 8, and Dillon Groene, 9, are abducted. The crime was not committed by Brenda's divorced husband Robert Roy Lutner, 33, but by Joseph Edward Duncan III, 41, who had been convicted of raping a 14-year-old boy in Washington state in 1980, and now was free on bond (since April 2005) after being charged with sexually molesting a 6-year-old boy at a school playground in July 2004. On 02 July 2005, Shasta Groene would be recognized by a waitress at a Denny's restaurant in Coeur d'Alene, and Duncan be arrested.
2005 Sheik Hassan al-Naimi and Sheik Talal Nayef, Sunni imams who were abducted on 15 May 2005 from different mosques in Baghdad's Shaab neighborhood by men wearing Iraqi army uniforms, murdered. Their bodies are found on 17 May 2005.
2004 Two women working for the US occupiers, by gunfire and terrorist bomb attack on the minibus which one of them was driving in Baghdad, Iraq. A third woman in the minibus is injured.
2004 A woman working as a translator for the the US occupiers in Mahmoudiyah, Iraq, shot in her home by intruders, in the early hours.
2004 Two al-Mahdi Army militiamen, among those fighting the Italian occupiers in Nasiriyah, Iraq, on two bridges across the Euphrates. 20 militiamen and, lightly, six Italian soldiers are wounded.
2003:: 41 persons in downtown Casablanca, Morocco, at about 22:00 (local = UT), by nearly simultaneous attacks starting with the killing of some of the policemen and security guards at a Jewish community center, the Belgian consulate, the restaurant of the Casa de España social club, and the hotel Farah Maghreb (formerly Safir); followed at each location by suicide explosions, three of them from car bombs. The dead include 10 attackers. Some 65 persons are injured.
2003 Sylvia Holtzclaw, James Barnes, 62, and his wife, Margaret Barnes, 58, in 13:15 (17:15 UT) robbery of a small branch of the Blue Ridge Savings Bank, in Greer, South Carolina, along Interstate 85. Bank employee Holtzclaw, and the Barnes, customers, were the only persons inside at the time.
2003 Taher Abdeh, 23, mentally ill Palestinian, shot near Nablus, in the evening, by Israeli troops who say that he ignored their warning shot and orders to stop approaoching their army post.
2001 Muhammad Salim, 14, Palestinian, shot in the chest and the abdomen by Israeli troops durnig a clash with stone-throwers at Netzarim Junction in central Gaza..
1996 Michael A. Lyons, 8, kidnapped as he walks home from school in Yuba CA, tortured with 60 jab wouds under the chin, raped, and then jabbed in the heart and his throat slit, by Robert Boyd Rhoades, 43, a barber, who, in 1985, was convicted of kidnapping, robbing and raping a 29-year-old Marysville woman and, in 1993, of molesting his 4-year-old step-granddaughter. On 17 June 1998, he would be convicted of the crimes against Michael Lyons, and, on 12 August 1999, sentenced to death. On 25 January 2000, it would be announced from the California DNA database it had been discovered that Rhoades was also guilty of the 20 April 1984 rape and murder of Julie Connell, 18, of San Leandro.
1990 Fernando Claudín, teórico marxista español.
1983 Mateo Alemán, ex presidente de México.
1979 Asa Philip Randolph, 90, labor leader and civil rights pioneer
1977 Five people are killed when a New York Airways helicopter, idling atop the Pan Am Building in midtown Manhattan, toppled over, sending a huge rotor blade flying.
1975 Michael X (Abdul Malik), hanged in Trinidad, for murder
1965 Ramón de la Cadena y Brualla, marqués de la Cadena, escritor y periodista español.
1910 Henri-Edmond Cross, French Pointillist painter and printmaker born Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix on 20 May 1856. MORE ON “CROSS” AT ART 4 MAY 20 with links to images.
1894 Germán Hernández Amores, Spanish painter.
1892 John Banvard, US painter and writer, born on 15 November 1815. He claimed to have painted the world's largest painting (370 m long, but deceptively advertised as 3 miles in length): Panorama of the Mississippi (1846), which would be moved from one roller to another during two hours before an audience to give them the impression of a trip along the river. MORE ON BANVARD AT ART 4 MAY but no image was found (sob! weep!)
1883 Ferdinand de Braekeleer, Belgian artist born on 12 February 1792.
1862 Jan-Baptist van der Hulst, Belgian artist born on 22 March 1790.
1849 Firmin Massot, Swiss painter, draftsman, and teacher, born on 05 May 1766.
1727 Catalina I de Rusia, esposa de Pedro I el Grande.
1696 Mariana de Austria, reina de España.
1691 Jacob Leisler, 51, and Jacob Milner (his son-in-law) becomes first American colonists hanged for treason, for having headed a revolutionary New York government. They were rehabilitated posthumously by the British Parliament in 1695.
1674 Francesc Puig i Terrats, un dels insurrectes cerdas Angelets de la Terra, malgrat una malaltia crònica que patia, va ser torturat amb foc. Posteriorment, patí garrot i el seu cap fou penjat en una gàbia al mur de la Llotja de Perpinyà. El seu cos fou esquarterat en quatre parts diferents i exposades en diversos punts de la vila.
1671 Dirck van Delen, Dutch painter born in 1605. MORE ON VAN DELEN AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1669 Pietro Berrettini I da Cortona, Italian Baroque era painter, draftsman, and architect, probably born on 01 November 1596 (baptized on 27 November 1597). MORE ON BERRETTINI AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1160 San Ubaldo.
1995 Dell's first dual processor computer introduced: a desktop computer, designed to run two Intel Pentium processors. The dual processors provided extra power and speed for complex programs in financial analysis and computer-aided design.
1923 Merton Miller, estadounidense, Nobel de Economía 1990.
1919 Wladziu Valentino Liberace West Allis Wisconsin, (flamboyant concert pianist and showman: The Liberace Show; Las Vegas entertainer)
1918 (1917?) Juan Nepomuceno Carlos Pérez-Rulfo Vizcaíno [–07 Jan 1986]. Mexican novelist, short story writer, and photographer. —(081101)
1912 Studs Terkel [–30 Oct 2008], US author, historian, actor, and broadcaster. — Author of: Giants of Jazz (1957) _ Division Street: America (1967) _ Hard Times: An Oral History of the Great Depression (1970) _ Working: People Talk About What They Do All Day and How They Feel About What They Do (1974). _ Talking to Myself: A Memoir of My Times (1977) _ American Dreams: Lost and Found (1983) _ The Good War (1984) _ Chicago (1986) _ The Great Divide: Second Thoughts on the American Dream (1988) _ Race: What Blacks and Whites Think and Feel About the American Obsession (1992) _ Coming of Age: The Story of Our Century by Those Who’ve Lived It (1995) _ My American Century (1997) _ The Spectator: Talk About Movies and Plays With Those Who Make Them (1999) _ Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Reflections on Death, Rebirth and Hunger for a Faith (2001) _ Hope Dies Last: Keeping the Faith in Difficult Times (2003) _ And They All Sang: Adventures of an Eclectic Disc Jockey (2005) _ Touch and Go (2007) _ P.S. Further Thoughts From a Lifetime of Listening (2008) —(081101)
1906 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuelan thinker, writer, educator, journalist, diplomat, politician, and government official.. —(081101)
1905 H. E. Bates, English novelist and short-story writer, who died on 29 January 1974.
1894 Walter Yust, US editor in chief of the Encyclopedia Britannica from 1938 until his 29 February 1960 death.
1893 Niles Spencer, US painter who died in 1952. MORE ON SPENCER AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1831 Edward Hughes inventor (microphone)
1824 Levi Parsons Morton (R) 22nd US VP (1889-93)
1821 Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev, Russian mathematician who died on 08 December 1894. He is mostly remembered for his work in number theory. Chebyshev was also interested in mechanics and is famous for the orthogonal polynomials he invented. [Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind] [Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind]
1814 Julián Sanz Río, filósofo español.
1798 Claude Anthelme Honoré Trimolet, French artist who died on 16 December 1866.
1782 John Sell Cotman, English Romantic painter and etcher who died on 24 July 1842, specialized in Landscapes. MORE ON COTMAN AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1763 Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin chemist (discovered chromium, beryllium)
1718 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Milan Catholic lay apostle and mathematician who died on 09 January 1799. She is noted for her work in differential calculus. She discussed the cubic curve which she named Witch (versiera in Italian), Cartesian equation y(x² + a²) = a³ or parametrically x = at, y = a/(1 + t²) . Author of Propositiones Philosophicae (1738) and of Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventù italiana (2 volumes, 1748, 1749)
1540 Pascual Bailón, lego franciscano español que llegó a santo.