• West Germany joins NATO... • Abolitionist John Brown is born... • Union victory at Snake Creek... • US provoked to war against Mexico... • Peter Pan's author is born... • Reuther dies... • Buffalo Bill's Wild West show... • Crown jewels stolen... • Göring captured... • Hostage Moro murdered... • Nixon impeachment proceedings... • Byrd flies over North Pole?... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • 121 die crushed at soccer game...
a 09 May:
2002 Tefron Ltd. manufactures boutique-quality everyday intimate apparel sold throughout the world by such name-brand marketers as Victoria's Secret and Warnaco/Calvin Klein. Its stock (TFR) of apparel and accessories company Tefron Ltd (TFR) rises from its previous day's close of $1.45 to an intraday high of $3.44 and closes at $3.15. It had traded as high as $27 on 27 April 1998, less than a year after it went public. [5~year price chart >]
2002 Maryland Governor Parris Glendening imposes a moratorium on executions in Maryland until the state completes a study of whether there is racial bias in the use of the death penalty. Only one other US state that has capital punishment, Illinois, has imposed a similar moratorium, declared by its Governor George Ryan in 2000.
2002 Municipal elections in Bahrain, its first elections after almost 30 years of autocratic emirate, and first elections in which women can vote and be candidates.
2000 Former four-term Louisiana Governor Edwin Edwards is convicted of extortion schemes to manipulate the licensing of riverboat casinos. (In January 2001, Edwards would be sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined $250'000.)
^ 1997 Former POW becomes US ambassador to Communist Vietnam.
Twenty-two years and ten days after the fall of Saigon, former Florida Representative Douglas "Pete" Peterson became the first ambassador to Vietnam since Graham Martin was airlifted out of the country by helicopter in late April 1975.
Peterson himself served as a US air force captain during the Vietnam War, and was held as a prisoner of war for six-and-a-half-years after his bomber was shot down near Hanoi in 1966. Thirty-one years later, Peterson returned to Hanoi on a different mission, presenting his credentials to Communist authorities in the Vietnamese capital on 09 May 1997.
Normalization with America's old enemy began in early 1994, when US President Bill Clinton announced the lifting of the nineteen-year-old trade embargo against Vietnam, explaining that the Vietnamese government was cooperating in the US government's efforts to locate the 2238 Americans still listed as missing in action.
However, although the embargo was lifted, high tariffs remained on Vietnamese exports pending the country's qualification as a "most-favored-nation," a US trade status designation that Vietnam might earn after broadening its program of free market reforms. In July of 1995, in light of continued Vietnamese cooperation in accounting for the US servicemen still listed as missing (POW/MIAs), the Clinton administration established diplomatic relations with Vietnam.
In May 1996, President Bill Clinton terminated the combat zone designation for Vietnam and later in the year nominated Democratic Congressman Pete Peterson as the first US ambassador to Vietnam. Confirmed by Congress in the next year, Ambassador Peterson began his mission to Vietnam on 09 May 1997.
| 1996 In video testimony to a courtroom in Little Rock,
Arkansas, President Clinton insists that he had nothing to do with a $300'000
loan at the heart of the criminal case against his former Whitewater partners.
1994 Kinshasa is placed under quarantine after an outbreak of the Ebola virus.
1989 Journalist petition Chinese govt for freedom of press.
| 1985 En Moscú, desfile militar conmemorativo del cuarenta
aniversario de la victoria sobre Alemania, en el que se ven, por primera
vez en público, los cohetes SS-21.
1984 Marcelino Oreja Aguirre, ex Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores español, es elegido Secretario General del Consejo de Europa.
1983 John Paul II announced the reversal of the Catholic Church's 1633 condemnation of Galileo Galilei, the scientist who first espoused the Copernican (i.e., heliocentric) view of our solar system.
1979 En España, el Rey Juan Carlos I preside la apertura de la primera legislatura constitucional.
1974 El primer ministro de Canadá, Pierre Trudeau, es derrocado por una moción de censura.
1970 Between 75'000 and 100'000 young persons, mostly from college campuses, demonstrate peacefully in Washington DC, at the rear of a barricaded White House, for US withdrawal from Vietnam. Afterwards, a few hundreds spread through surrounding streets, causing limited damage. Police attack the most threatening crowds with tear gas.
| 1968 Violentos enfrentamientos entre policías, obreros
y estudiantes en París, con 367 heridos graves y 720 leves.
1965 Luna 5 launched (USSR) first attempt to soft land on Moon. (fails)
1962 A laser beam is successfully bounced off the Moon for the first time.
| 1946 King Victor Emmanuel III [11 Nov 1869
28 Dec 1947] of Italy abdicates in favor of his son Umberto, in the
vain hope of influencing a coming plebiscite, which turned out to chose
to replace the monarchy by a republic, so that both went into exile.
El rey de Italia, Víctor Manuel III, abdica la corona en su hijo, el Príncipe
del Piamonte, quien se proclamó a sí mismo como rey con el nombre de Humberto
1945 The Soviet Union declares victory in World War II. Henceforth the day is celebrated every year as Victory Day, in the Soviet Union and afterwards in Russia.
1945 Czechoslovakia is liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
1941 The German submarine U-110 is captured at sea by Britain's Royal navy.
1941 Ataque aéreo inglés contra Hamburgo.
1940 II Guerra Mundial: tropas británicas ocupan Islandia y las islas Feroe.
1940 Dimite Chamberlain, primer ministro británico.
1940 Hitler autoriza la eutanasia en Alemania.
1940 Le président Lebrun refuse la démission de Paul Reynaud
1936 Italy takes Addis Abba, annexing Abyssinia (Ethiopia) El rey de Italia, Víctor Manuel III, es proclamado emperador de Etiopía por el Consejo Fascista, y el mariscal Badoglio virrey de dicho país.
1936 El dirigible alemán Hindenburg realiza el vuelo Francfort-Nueva York
1927 Australian Parliament first convenes in new capital, Canberra La ciudad de Canberra es elegida sede del gobierno de Australia. .
| 1915 German and French fight the Battle of Artois.
1914 President Wilson [28 Dec 1856 – 03 Feb 1924] proclaims Mother's Day
1913 The 17th amendment to the US Constitution, providing for the election of US senators by popular vote rather than selection by state legislatures, is ratified.
1864 Union failure at Snake Creek Gap, Georgia.
1864 Battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia continues.
1862 Confederates evacuate Norfolk, Virginia.
1862 Bombardment of Pensacola, Florida.
1814 Se publica en Francia la Declaración de Saint-Ouen, en la que se exponen las bases de la Constitución que Luis XVIII otorga a los franceses al recuperar el trono tras la caída de Napoleón.
1769 Les Corses se soumettent à la France.
1754 A cartoon in Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette shows a snake cut into sections, each part representing an American colony; the caption reads, ''Join or die.''
1697 Se inician las negociaciones de la Paz de Ryswick, tratado que pone fin a la guerra sostenida entre Francia y la liga de Augsburgo (el emperador austriaco, el duque de Baviera, el elector del Palatinado, los príncipes de Renania y Franconia y los reinos de España y Suecia).
1502 Christopher Columbus leaves Cadiz, Spain, on his fourth and final trip to the New World.
2006 Yovy Suarez Jimenez, 28, woman, killed by an alligator in the evening at State Road 84 and 114th Avenue in Sunrise, Broward county, Florida, as she was jogging alone on a bicycle path along a canal. The alligator bites her in the leg and in the back, bites off and swallows her two arms, then drags her corpse into the water, where it is found the next day. Searching for the alligator, the county's alligator exterminator, Kevin Garvey, 43, traps three in the canal, and, on 13 May 2006, finds her two arms in the stomach of the third one. It is 3 meters long, weighs 200 kg, and is blind in the left eye. — (060514)
2005 David M. Gleason, 53, and David Sandweiss, 49, in two cars stopped at a red traffic light on a cross-street in Liberty, Missouri, into which, at 08:25 (13:25 UT), crashes school bus #80 which was taking kindergartners through fifth-graders to Ridgeview Elementary School; it had suddenly veered to the right on the main street. Two persons in the struck cars are critically injured. 23 of the 38 children on the bus are injured. School buses are not equipped with safety belts. — Telephone directory listings: David Gleason: (816) 781-5700 - , Liberty, MO 64068 _ David Sandweiss: (816) 781-5727 - 213 Camelot Dr, Liberty, MO 64068. — Gleason was a lawyer, whose offices he called (since 1992) Northland Legal Services (816-455-4200; 2900 N.E. 60th, Suite 209, Gladstone MO 64119-2091) — Dave Sandweiss was a 1974 graduate of Ladue Horton Watkins High School in St. Louis, Missouri; he founded, in 1985, Sandweiss Advertising (816-741-0060; 104 Main St., Parkville, MO), which specializes in the placement and creation of broadcast advertising, and operates in more than l5 US states.
2004 From 14 to 32 persons (depending on which report is to be believed) including Akhmad Kadyrov [photo >], puppet president of Russian-occupied Chechnya; 2 of his body guards; Khusein Isayev, chairman of the puppet state council; Eli Isayev, puppet finance minister; journalist Adman Khasaev; Adlan Khasanov, 33, a Grozinform and Reuters journalist; and a girl, 8; by artillery shell bomb (probably detonated by a timer) under the VIP bleachers of the Dynamo stadium in Grozny, at 10:35 during Victory Day celebrations. Then panicked soldiers fire stupidly and wildly. Some 80 persons are injured, including (critically in the legs one of which has to be amputated), puppet-master colonel-general Valery Petrovich Baranov, commander of the Russian occupation forces. Kadyrov was born on 23 August 1951, in Kazakhstan, where most of the Chechen population had been exiled by the Soviet government starting on 23 February 1944. He was an independentist commander during the Chechen war of independence started by the Russians invading on 11 December 1994 and ended when the defeated Russian forces withdrew in 1996. But during the ensuing period of Chechnya's de-facto independence Kadyrov complained of the growing influence of the Wahhabi sect of Islam and he broke with Aslan Maskhadov, who had been legitimately elected Chechen president in 1997. In late 1999, Russia invaded again, and in 2000 the Kremlin appointed the traitor Kadyrov as their top puppet. He was “elected” president on 05 October 2003 in a rigged pretence of an election. His son Ramzan Kadyrov heads a KGB-style private puppet secret police of some 4000. Puppet prime minister Sergey Abramov becomes the acting president of Russian-occupied Chechnya (until an election no later than 09 Sep 2004) and immediately goes to Moscow to take orders from Russian autocratic president Putin, a former KGB agent.
2004 Seven persons, including 3 policemen, by explosion in a market in central Baghdad, Iraq, just after a US convoy had passed. Some 15 persons are wounded.
2003 Norman E. Wallace, 30, a Black MBA student, shot at 20:10 by Biswanath Halder, 52, who had just entered the Peter B. Lewis Building at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, and continues on a wild shooting rampage through the building, wounding a man and a woman, until police wound and capture him at 23:00. He is a 1999 MBA graduate of Case Western and former employee who had filed a lawsuit against another Case Western employee for having "added and deleted things from a personal Web site". His lawsuit was dismissed, and he lost an appeal in April 2003.
2003:: 129 of the police officials and relatives crowded into a chartered Ilyushin-76 cargo plane, sucked out at 10'000 m altitude, when the rear door opens, near Mbuji-Mayi, Congo ex-Zaire, 45 minutes into a Kinshasa to Lumumbashi flight. The pilot manages to return to Kinshasa with the survivors.
2002 Yu Qin Zheng, 35, and her son Andy Zheng, 8, stabbed in their Philadelphia apartment in the evening by enraged Chang Qi, 46, who had come to collect a debt from Mr. Zheng who was not there. Mindy Zheng, 12, was injured and would have been killed had not her brother Andy tried to pull away Qi who then killed the boy, while Mindy broke away and called 911.
2002:: 41 persons by a remote control mine which explodes at about 09:45 in Kaspiisk, Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea, at the passage of a Victory Day parade of a military band surrounded by children and World War Two veterans. Among the dead (which include those who died later of injuries) are 17 children and 18 servicemen (including 3 lieutenant colonels and 1 major). Some 30 children and 130 adults are injured. Without actual evidence, Russian authorities instantly blame terrorists from nearby Chechnya.
1990 Dalmiro de la Valgoma, abogado, escritor, historiador y académico español.
1987: 183 personas al estrellarse un avión de la compañía polaca LOT tras despegar del aeropuerto de Varsovia.
1986 Anxel Fole, escritor gallego.
1980: 35 motorists, as a Liberian freighter rams the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay in Florida, causing a 430-meter section to collapse.
1949 Luis II, príncipe de Mónaco.
1947 Miguel Abadía y Méndez, escritor y político colombiano.
1945 Heinrich Himmler, político alemán Nazi, criminal de guerra y contra la humanidad.
1916 Thomas Kent, Irish patriot, executed by British firing squad for his participation in the Easter Rising.
1915 Javier Gozé, ilustrador español.
1889 William Hammer, Danish artist born on 31 July 1821.
1880 Johann Michael Wittmer, German artist born on 15 October 1802.
1851 Johann Heinrich Schilbach, German artist born in 1798.
1850 Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac, físico y químico francés.
1844 (Jo)hanne Hellesen, German artist born on 20 January 1801.
1805 Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, poeta alemán.
1682 Pieter Wouwerman, Dutch artist born on 03 September 1623.
1651 Cornelis de Vos, Flemish painter born in 1584. MORE ON DE VOS AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1586 Luis de Morales el Divino, Spanish Mannerist painter born in 1520 (1509?) MORE ON MORALES AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1998 Lilee Mathews, daughter of Christian Mathews. On her 7th birthday she would suffer a fractured right elbow when her school bus crashed, in Liberty, Missouri. [father and daughter 09 May 2005 >]
1955 Ato Meles Zenawi, presidente de Etiopía.
1954 Paloma Díaz Mas, profesora y escritora española.
1934 Alan Bennett, actor-writer.
1924 Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava, poeta, novelista y cantautor ruso.
1923 Carlos Bousoño, poeta y filólogo español.
1918 Mike Wallace, TV anchorman.
1916 William du Bois, US author and illustrator of children's books. He died on 05 February 1993.
1891 George Barker Jeffrey, English mathematician who died on 27 April 1957.
1883 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and humanist (Revolt of the Masses) who died on 18 October 1955. José Ortega y Gasset, escritor y filósofo español
1881 Mary Electa Bidwell, [< photos: as a baby, and in 1995 >]. She would die on 25 April 1996.
1881 Carrie Harrison, who would die on 23 December 1991.
1876 Gilbert Ames Bliss, Illinois mathematician who died on 08 May 1951.
1873 Howard Carter, Egyptologist who died on 02 March 1939. He found the entrance to the tomb of Tutankhamun on 05 November 1922, first saw the inside on 26 November 1922, broke seals on 17 February 1923, opened the sarcophagus on 03 February 1926, opened the coffins on 10 October 1926, first examined the mummy on 11 November 1926, continued investigating at the site until 1929, and co-wrote (with Arthur C. Mace) the three-volume The Tomb of Tutankh Amen (1923-1933)
1844 Belle Boyd, US actress and Confederate spy during the Civil War. She died on 11 June 1900.
1843 Anton Alexander von Werner, German painter and illustrator who died on 04 January 1915. MORE ON VON WERNER AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1810 Joseph Banvard, author, in New York City. He was graduated at Newton theological institute in 1835, and has been pastor of Baptist Churches in Salem, Boston, and West Cambridge, Massachusetts, New York City, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Paterson, New Jersey, and Independence, Missouri. He was chosen president of the National theological institute and University at Washington, District of Columbia, but resigned. He has written Priscilla, a historical tale (1854); Novelties of the New World; The Romance of American History ; Tragic Scenes in the History of Maryland (1856) ; The American Statesman, a memoir of Daniel Webster (1853); Wisdom. Wit, and Whims of the Old Philosophers (1854); Plymouth and the Pilgrims ; many books for children on natural history, and a large number of Sunday-school question-books. His brother John, famous for painting a 370-meter panorama of the Mississippi, was born on 15 November 1815.
1746 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician who died on 28 July 1818. He is considered the father of differential geometry because of his work Application de l'analyse à la géométrie where he introduced the concept of lines of curvature of a surface in 3-space.
1699 Gregorio Mayáns y Siscar, erudito español.
1638 Gregorio Vásquez de Arce y Ceballos, pintor colombiano.