• Cops kill unarmed workers... • Japanese war crimes trial... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Mémoires d'un tortionnaire... • New Zealand becomes a British colony...• Battle of Coral Sea... • Japan gets democratic constitution... • Liberator of Ethiopia is born... • Kidnapped executive murdered... • Excel spreadsheet... • Congressional hearings on MacArthur... • Thatcher becomes UK Prime Minister... • Plane lands at North Pole... • AT&T~Lycos deal... • 173rd Airborne goes to Vietnam... • Paris site of Vietnam peace talks... • Gone with the Wind gets a Pulitzer... • Woman heads the US Mint... • Machiavelli is born... • Byron swims the Hellespont...
a 03 May:
2002 The stock of Aurora Foods (AOR) drops from its previous close of $4.61 to an intraday low of $3.11 and closes at $3.20. It had traded as high as $19.00 on 12 July 1999, soon after it went public, and at $6.25 as recently as 15 April 2002. It is still above its $2.19 low of 04 December 2000. [3-year price chart >]
2000 A man holds up at knifepoint policeman on guard outside a police station in the rural New Territories of Hong Kong before dawn. The mugger steals the policeman's gun, 12 rounds of ammunition, and police radio. [Must be from that gang which specializes in stealing patrol cars from the police parking lot.]
^ 2001 US Is Voted Off Rights Panel of the UN for the First Time
The United States is voted off the United Nations Human Rights Commission for the first time since the panel's founding under US leadership in 1947, in a secret vote apparently supported even by some friends of the United States, frustrated by the Bush administration's go-it-alone approach to issues such as Landmine convention, International tribunal jurisdiction, not paying UN dues, death penalty, disregard of human rights violated by allies (e.g. Israel), School of the Americas, inadequate punishment of US war criminals and police brutality, hypocritical policies on immigrants and asylum, rejection of Kyoto Protocol on global warming, inadequate health care, intention to violate the anti-ballistic missile treaty. MORE
2000 The trial of two alleged Libyan intelligence agents accused of blowing Pan Am Flight 103 out of the sky over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988 opens in the Netherlands, presided by Scottish judges under Scottish law. In January 2001, one of the defendants, Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, would be convicted of murder; and the other defendant, Lamen Khalifa Fhimah, acquitted.
1996 An international conference in Geneva ends 30 months of arduous negotiations over whether to ban land mines with a weak compromise treaty giving countries nine years to switch to detectable, self-destructive devices.
1991 The US government reports that the nation's civilian unemployment rate fell in April to 6.6%
1991 Exxon Corp. and the state of Alaska withdrew from a $1 billion settlement of the Exxon Valdez oil spill (another settlement was reached later).
| 1973 Chicago's Sears Tower, world's tallest building
(443 m), topped out
1971 Anti-war protesters calling themselves the Mayday Tribe begin four days of demonstrations in Washington DC, during which the Nixon administration arrests 13'000 of them.
1971 National Public Radio begins programming.
1968 En l'absence de Pompidou, parti la veille pour l'Iran, les troubles commencés par des étudiants révolutionnaires menés par Cohn-Bendit à Nanterre s'étendent au Quartier Latin où des barricades s'élèvent. La police fait évacuer la Sorbonne.
1968 After three days of battle, the US Marines retook Dai Do complex in Vietnam. They found that the North Vietnamese had evacuated the area.
1948 The US Supreme Court rules that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to Blacks or members of other racial groups are legally unenforceable.
1944 End of US wartime rationing of most grades of meats.
1926 US marines land in Nicaragua (9-mo after leaving), stay until 1933
1923 first nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
1921 West Virginia imposes the first state sales tax in the US.
1919 America's first passenger flight (NY-Atlantic City)
1906 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia continues Beaten Union army will have to withdraw
1863 Second Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia
1863 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons Siege of Suffolk, Virginia
1862 Confederate troops evacuate the Yorktown-Warwick Line in Virginia
1861 Lincoln calls for volunteers to join the army for a three-year term.
1859 France declares war on Austria, which it had provoked into sending in April an ultimatum that demanded immediate disarmament of Piedmont, France's ally. The plan had been agreed upon by Napoléon III (20 Apr 1808 09 Jan 1873) and Camillo Benso conte di Cavour (10 Aug 1810 06 Jun 1861), premier of Piedmont, at a secret meeting at Plombières in July 1858. Austria was to be evicted from northern Italy and Italy converted into a confederation of states headed by the Pope. France would get Nice and Savoie [many people would have been satisfied if France just got nice and left them alone]. Napoléon III now led his armies across the Alps to victories at Magenta and (24 Jun 1859) Solférino. Napoléon III signed an armistice with Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph I (18 Aug 1830 21 Nov 1916) at Villafranca in July 1859. There followed a somewhat premature settlement in which Austria turned over Lombardy to Piedmont. The result was a surge of nationalist sentiment throughout Italy and on 06 May 1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi (04 Jul 1807 02 Jun 1882) and his Thousand sailed from Piedmont to conquer Sicily and (on 07 Sep 1860) Naples.
1851 San Francisco catches fire
1822 Society for the Propagation of the Faith starts (Lyon, France)
1715 Edmund Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"
1675 A Massachusetts law was enacted requiring church doors to be locked during the worship service. (Too many people were leaving before the long sermons were completed.)
1512 The Fifth Lateran Council opens (18th ecumenical council) opens in Rome under Pope Julius II. Its twelve sessions lasting through 1517, the council continued under Leo X, following Julius' death in 1513.
1494 Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica ; he names it "St. Iago"
1342 Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)
2008 Some 134'000 persons killed by cyclone Nargis in Myanmar, mostly in Yangon (the new name of Rangoon since 1989) and the low-lying Irrawaddy delta region. (Nargis is the Persian name of the flower narcissus or daffodil; it is often given to Muslim girls). Tidal waves cause most of the deaths. The homes of more than two million persons (including 95% of those in Bogalay) are destroyed. The totalitarian government of Myanmar hampers foreign aid. The dead include:
2008:: 36 prisoners at the cruel Insein Prison (where many of the prisoners are political) in Yangon, shot by soldiers firing into 1500 prisoners demanding transfer to safety after the cyclone hit. —(080530)
2007 Walter Marty Schirra, Jr., born on 12 March 1923, US Navy officer, astronaut chosen for the Project Mercury, the only one to fly in the US's first three space programs: Mercury (03 Oct 1962), Gemini (15-16 Dec 1965), and Apollo (11-22 Oct 1968). During later Apollo missions he was a news consultant. Schirra retired from the Navy as a captain and resigned from NASA on July 1, 1969, to become president of Regency Investors Incorporated, a major financial complex and worldwide leasing company based in Denver, Colorado. From 1970 to 1973, he was chairman and chief executive officer of Environmental Control Company (ECCO), based in Englewood, Colorado. From 1973 to 1974, he was chairman of the board of SERNCO Incorporated, and for the next three years he was a director at Johns-Manville Corporation in Denver, Colorado. From 1978 to 1979, he was vice president for development at Goodwin Companies Incorporated in Littleton, Colorado. In January 1979 he formed his own firm, Schirra Enterprises, and he worked as an independent consultant in 1979 and 1980. In 1980, he was elected to the board of directors of Electromedics Incorporated. He has also served as president of Prometheus, an energy development company in Colorado, and on the board of directors of Kimberly Clark, Finalco and Net Air International. In 1984, he and the other surviving Mercury astronauts and Gus Grissom's widow, Betty Grissom, founded the Mercury Seven Foundation to raise money for scholarships for science and engineering students in college. In 1995, the organization was renamed the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation. At the time of his death Schirra was a private consultant, a public speaker, and a television commercial spokesman for Actifed, the cold remedy he took on Apollo 7. —(070503)
2006 All 113 aboard an Armenian Airbus-320 Armavia plane, which crashes into the Black Sea (300m deep at that spot), in bad weather, 5km short of the Adler airport (30 km southeast of Sochi, Russia) where it was making its 2nd attempt to land, at 02:15 (22:45 UT on 02 May). The flight originated in Yerevan, Armenia, at 01:47 (20:47 UT on 02 May). — (060503)
2005 Greg Rowe, 36, who delivers a Papa John's pizza to the mobile home of mates Crystal Grimes and Christopher Wages, 25, in London, Laurel County, Kentucky, and is beaten to death with a baseball bat and a pipe by Wages, so that the drug addicted couple can steal his money in order to buy OxyContin. They also steal his car, but are arrested the next morning after they abandon it. Wages confesses, and, on 25 August 2006, is sentenced to life in prison. (060827)
2003 Awad al-Saify, 52, Palestinian civilian, of multiple gunshot wounds suffered in Israeli attack on Jabalya refugee camp on 11 April 2003.
2003 Crystal Judson Brame, 35, from being shot in the head on 26 April 2003 by her husband, David Brame, 44, Chief of Police of Tacoma WA, just before he shot himself dead.
2002 (presumed date) Evelyn Hernández, 24, her son Alex Hernández, 5 [Alex and Evelyn >], and her baby Noname Hernández, due to be born about 15 May 2002, murdered. On 24 July 2002, Evelyn's torso would be found washed up on the shore of the bay, near downtown San Francisco. The father of Noname is Herman Aguilera, 36, who has a wife and another extramarital mate besides Evelyn, with whom he has been having a dispute. Evelyn is a Salvadoran immigrant who lived in the Crocker-Amazon area of south San Francisco. She was last heard from in a 01 May 2002 telephone call to Aguilera, who would report her as missing. But the case would attract little attention from the news media and the police would do too little and too late to investigate.
2002 Some 300 persons of the 500 on the overloaded triple-decked ferry MV Salahuddin-2 which capsizes in the Meghna River near Shatnal during an evening storm some two hours after leaving Dhaka, Bangladesh, for Patuakhali, 150 km south. Passing boats picked some survivors, others swam to shore. Ferry sinkings are common on the Meghna: in May 2001 in a storm with at least 100 drowned, 80 drowned in December 2001 on a ferry which collided with another in dense fog in the Chandpur district, 224 drowned in a 1986 sinking.
2002 Six persons on the ground as an Indian air force Soviet-made MiG-21 crashes into a two-story bank building in the Basti Adda neighborhood of Jullundur, 100 km from the Pakistani border, where hundreds of thousands of Indian and Pakistani soldiers are facing each other. The pilot, S.P. Naik, and the co-pilot parachute to safety.. They and 20 persons on the ground are injured.
2002 Some 300 Maoist rebels claimed killed by Nepalese security forces in the Lisne area of Rolpa district. No information is given on government losses.
2002 Alexis Patterson, 7 [< photo], in Milwaukee, presumably murdered after being last seen leaving for school this morning by her step-father LaRon Bourgeois (who has a criminal record, married to her mother Ayanna Bourgeois).
1992 Fifty-three persons in the five days of rioting and looting ending this day in Los Angeles CA, which began after the acquittal of police officers who beat up Rodney King.
1988 Lev Semenovich Pontryagin, Russian mathematician born on 03 September 1908.
1962 One hundred sixty persons in triple collision of trains at Mikawajima Station on Joban line of Japanese National Railroads. 296 persons are injured.
1934 William Hartman Woodin, born on 27 May 1868. After studying engineering at Columbia, he entered (1892) the railroad-equipment firm founded by his grandfather and became its president in 1899. President of the American Car and Foundry Company after 1916, he steadily expanded his industrial holdings. Although a Republican, Woodin supported Franklin Delano Roosevelt [30 Jan 1882 – 12 Apr 1945] for President in 1932 and became Roosevelt's Secretary of the Treasury on 05 May 1933. He helped restore the nation's financial activities during the banking crisis of 1933. He resigned the post on 31 December 1933, because of ill health.
1918 William Frederick Yeames, British painter born on 18 December 1835. more
1845 Some 1600, by fire in popular theater in Canton, China.
1703 Eglon Hendrick van der Neer, Dutch painter born in 1634. MORE ON VAN DER NEER AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1587 Lelio Orsi da Novellara, Italian painter born in 1511. MORE ON ORSI AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1489 Kazimierczyk “Stanislaw” Soltys [27 Sep 1433–], Catholic saint canonized on 17 October 2010. — (more to come) —(100220)
2001 Cosette ou le temps des illusions, de François Ceresa [1953~] parait chez Plon. Le roman, séquelle de Les Misérables [PDF], imagine que l'inspecteur Javert n'était pas mort et devient un modèle de vertu. Il sera continué par Marius ou le fugitif (Plon, Nov 2001). En 2001 des descendants de Victor Hugo, notamment Pierre Hugo, son arrière-arrière-petit-fils, demandent au tribunaux l'interdiction des deux ouvrages et 4,5 millions de ff (675'000 euros) de dommages et intérêts. Mais le 30 Janvier 2007 la Cour de cassation annule la décision de la cour d'appel de Paris, qui était favorable à la famille Hugo. —(070502)
1933 Domenico Gnoli, Italian painter and stage designer who died on 17 April 1970. MORE ON GNOLI AT ART 4 APRIL with links to images.
1913 William Inge, US playwright whose Picnic won a Pulitzer Prize in 1953. He died on 10 June 1973.
1912 May Sarton, US poet, novelist and essayist, who died on 16 July 1995.
1898 Septima P. Clark, US educator and civil rights activist, who died on 15 December 1987.
1897 V.K. Krishna Menon, India, nationalist/statesman
1892 Sir George Paget Thomson, who demonstrated electron diffraction and won a Nobel Prize in 1937. He died on 10 September 1975.
1860 Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician who died on 11 October 1940. He published papers on partial differential equations, particularly the equation of cylindrical waves. His most famous work was done on integral equations. He published many papers on what is now called 'an integral equation of Volterra type'.
1853 E. W. Howe, US editor, essayist and novelist, who died on 03 October 1937.
1844 Richard D'Oyly Carte England, opera impresario (Ivanhoe)
1842 Otto Stolz, Austrian mathematician who died on 25 October 1905.
1836 Aleksander Kotsis, Polish artist who died on 07 August 1877.
1827 Robert Zünd, Swiss painter who died on 15 January 1909.
1802 Washington DC is incorporated as a city.
MACHIAVELLI ONLINE: Favola di Belfagor arcidiavolo Principe
(The next 10 are zipped >>>) Dell'arte della guerra Discorsi sopra la prima Deca di Tito Livio Mandragola L'Asino I Capitoli Clizia I Decennali Discorso o dialogo intorno alla nostra lingua Istorie Fiorentine La vita di Castruccio Castracani da Lucca <<< (The preceding 10 are zipped).
(The next 6 are English translations >>>) — The Art of War Discourses on Livy History of Florence, and of the Affairs of Italy, From the Earliest Times to the Death of Lorenzo the Magnificent The Prince The Prince The Prince (with two shorter works) (<<< The preceding 6 are English translations)