• 9 innocent young Blacks on the way to the death penalty... • Day 1 of Christian Era... • Angel visits Mary and inspires artists... • Mexicans execute 17 Texan POWs... • US troops out of Somalia... • March on Washington... • UK abolishes slave trade... • Maryland settled... • First supersonic flight of Concorde... • Mount Rushmore sculptor is born... • Snoopy takes Linus's blanket... • Walter Chrysler resigns from GM… • USSR announces withdrawal from Iran... • Traîté de Rome... • The European Common Market... • US Customs seizes poem Howl... • Cheyenne Chief Little Wolf surrenders... • Johnson meets with the "Wise Men"... • Martin Luther King leads march against Vietnam War... • Workers die in fire of locked factory... • Yugoslavia joins the Axis...
a 25 March:
2004 The Vatican Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments issues the instruction Redemptionis Sacramentum on certain matters to be observed or to be avoided regarding the Most Holy Eucharist. —(100325)
2001 Municipal elections in Ivory Coast, first vote to include all the country's main parties since a military coup in December 1999.
1998 El ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional) y el Gobierno colombiano hacen público un acuerdo de paz.
1998 La Comisión Europea propone que once países (España, Alemania, Francia, Bélgica, Holanda, Luxemburgo, Finlandia, Austria, Suecia, Portugal e Irlanda) formen el núcleo fundador del euro, la moneda europea del siglo XXI, el próximo 01 Jan 1999.
1997 Las ciudades españolas de Toledo, Segovia, Córdoba, Ávila, Cáceres, Salamanca y Santiago de Compostela son declaradas Patrimonio de la Humanidad.
1996 A team of Princeton University researchers announced they had found a serious security flaw in Sun Microsystems' Java programming language on this day in 1996. Hackers exploiting the flaw could potentially use Netscape Navigator to destroy files or otherwise wreak havoc on personal computers running Java. Sun quickly acknowledged the problem and created a patch.
1996 Microsoft announced that more than one million subscribers had joined its online service, the Microsoft Network, since it went live in the fall of 1995.
1996 CompuServe starts WOW, a new online service aimed at families and home users, instead of their traditional business audience. The service, called WOW, featured parental controls over content. The $17.95 per month service launched at a time when online services were being threatened by the Internet. WOW folded after only eight months in service.
1996 US issues newly-redesigned $100 bill, more difficult to counterfeit.
1996 Comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) approaches within 0.1018 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth.
1996 An 81-day standoff between the antigovernment Freemen and federal officers begins at a ranch near Jordan, Montana.
1995 Undécima encíclica del Papa Juan Pablo II, Evangelium Vitae, un llamamiento para defender la vida.
^ 1994 Last US troops leave Somalia
At the end of a largely unsuccessful fifteen-month mission, the last US troops depart Somalia, leaving 20'000 U.N. troops behind to keep the peace and facilitate "nation building" in the divided country.
In January 1991, Siyad Barre, dictator of the Somali Democratic Republic since 1969, was ousted by rebels after intense and bloody fighting. Ali Mahdi Muhammad of the United Somali Congress subsequently took control of the Somali capital at Mogadishu and the rest of the southern region of the country. The Somali National Movement gained control of the north, the old British Somaliland, and proclaimed the region the independent Somaliland Republic.
In 1992, civil war between the two Somalias, internal clan-based fighting, and the worst African drought of the century created a devastating famine which threatened one-fourth of the Somali population with starvation. In response, U.N. troops occupied Somalia in August 1992 to assure distribution of food aid and to suppress Somalia’s warring factions.
Although many of the U.N.’s temporary humanitarian aims were achieved, the military operation was largely unsuccessful, and in late 1992, US President George Bush sent 25'000 US troops into Somalia to bolster the U.N. force.
In 1993, the new US president, Bill Clinton, took over the mission but also the former president’s promise to withdrawal to the US troops as soon as the U.N. mission was stabilized. On May 4, the Somalia mission was formally handed back to the U.N. from the United States, and by June, only 1200 US combat soldiers remained in Somalia along with 3000 support troops.
However, on 05 June, twenty-four Pakistani soldiers were ambushed and massacred while inspecting a weapons storage site, allegedly under orders of Somali warlord General Hussein Mohammed Farah Aidid [< photo]. US and U.N. forces subsequently began an extensive search for the elusive strongman, and in August, some four hundred elite US troops from Delta Force and the US Rangers landed in Somalia with the mission to capture Aidid.
Two months later, eighteen US soldiers were killed and eighty-four wounded during a disastrous assault on Mogadishu’s Olympia Hotel in search of Aidid. The bloody battle, which lasted seventeen hours, was the most violent US combat firefight since Vietnam and resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Somalians. Three days later, with Aidid still at large, President Clinton decided to call off the US mission to Somalia. By 25 March 1994, the last US troops left the country, and, later in the year, the U.N. called off its peacekeeping mission to Somalia, completing its withdrawal by early 1995.
1992 British mathematicians find new largest prime number (2^756839 -1)
1992 Russian cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.
1991 Amadu Tumani Ture encabeza un golpe de Estado que derroca a Moussa Traore, presidente de Malí, con el objetivo de iniciar un proceso de democratización en el país.
1991 Leonard Rose, 32, of Middletown, Maryland, pleads guilty to felony computer-crime charges. He denies being a member of the Legion of Doom, a band of hackers notorious for computer break-ins, but admits to misappropriating and modifying a copy of UNIX without a license. The government accuses him of loading a Trojan horse virus into part of the UNIX program. Rose would be sentenced to two concurrent one-year prison terms.
1990 El PP (Partido Popular) consigue el escaño para el Congreso español y los dos para el Senado por Melilla, en la repetición de las elecciones del 29 de octubre en esa circunscripción, con lo que el PSOE (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) pierde la mayoría absoluta en el Congreso.
1987 Sexta encíclica del Papa Juan Pablo II, Redemptoris Mater, que versa sobre el papel de la Virgen María.
1986 Corazón Aquino, presidenta de Filipinas, promulga una nueva Constitución de carácter provisional hasta la realización de una formal.
1985 Edwin Meese III becomes US Attorney General.
1983 ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) secuestra a Diego Prado y Colón de Carvajal, ex presidente del Banco de Descuento.
1979 The first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center to be prepared for its first launch, which would take place on 12 April 1981. On 01 February it would breakup during reentry at the end of its 28th mission.
1977 Juan Luis Cebrián Echarri, director del diario español El país, es procesado por un delito de propaganda de anticonceptivos.
1976 Argentine military junta bans leftist political parties.
1971 European council accepts Mansholt plan laying off 5 million farmers
^ 1970 Concorde makes its first supersonic flight (1127 km/h) [photo >].
Its prototype was first shown, in Toulouse, France, on 11 December 1967. Its first subsonic test flight was on 9 January 1969. It would be put into service on 21 January 1976 by Air France from Paris to Rio de Janeiro, and by British Airways from London to Bahrain. On 21 November 1977, after overcoming objections to its polluting effect, the Concorde would begin scheduled flights between New York and London or Paris, which remained its sole route after Paris-Rio, London-Bahrain, and other routes were dropped in 1982 due to their unprofitability.
The Concorde's specifications are:
Capacity: 100 passengers, and 590 kg of cargo / Seating: 100 x 2:2, with a 94 cm pitch / Range: 5943 km / Engines: Four Rolls-Royce/SNECMA Olympus 593s, each producing 38,000 lbs (170 KN) thrust with reheat / Take-off speed: 402 km/h / Cruising speed: 2150 kph / Mach 2 at 16'765 m / Landing speed: 300 km/h / Length: 62.1 m / Wingspan: 25.5 m / Height: 11.3 m / Fuselage width: 2.9 m / Fuel capacity: 119'500 liters / 95'600 kg / Fuel consumption: 25'629 liters / 20'500 kg per hour / Maximum take-off weight: 185 tons / Landing gear: Eight main wheels (tires 232 lbs sq in), two nose wheels (tires 191 lbs/sq in) / Flight crew: Two pilots, one flight engineer / Cabin crew: Six.
The Concorde would be taken out of service following the death of 113 persons in its first crash, on 25 July 2000.
1969 Pakistan General Agha Mohammed Jagja Khan succeeds Ayub Khan as President.
1969 Andes Pact signed in Peru.
1965 Martin Luther King Jr leads 25'000 marchers to the state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks.
1965 West German Bondsdag extends war crimes retribution
1960 DH Lawrence' "Lady Chatterley's Lover" ruled not obscene (New York NY)
1960 Italian government Tambroni forms.
1955 The first time Snoopy
goes after Linus's blanket in the Peanuts comic.
| 1955 East Germany granted sovereignty by occupying
1945 US 4th Armored division arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
1945 El general británico Bernard Law Montgomery comunica a sus tropas que les está prohibido confraternizar con la población alemana.
1944 RAF Sergeant Nicholas S. Alkemade survives a jump from his burning Lancaster bomber from 5500 m without a parachute. He was the tail gunner and his parachute was burning forward. He falls through trees onto snow on a steep hillside in Germany. His only injury is a twisted ankle suffered while leaving the plane. The Germans who capture him ask where he hid his parachute. When they finally believe his story, they give him a celebration..(some sources give the date as 23 March).
1935 1st Belgium government of Van Zealand resigns
| 1924 Greek parliament selects Admiral Paul Koundouriótis
as premier Proclamación de la República en Grecia.
1923 British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
1920 Greek Independence Day
1912 Redacción del Plan Orozquista, petición formal de la reforma social más amplia y general de toda la Revolución Mexicana.
1895 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1865 Battle of Mobile, Alabama, siege of Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely, begins.
1865 Battle of Bluff Spring FL.
1864 Attack on Paducah, Kentucky by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest
1863 Skirmish at Brentwood TN.
1847 Pope Pius IX encyclical On aid for Ireland.
1842 Marc Brunel finaliza, tras 18 años de trabajos de construcción, la perforación del túnel de 1100 m de longitud que pasa por debajo del Támesis y une Wapping con Rotherhithe. El túnel se ha perforado gracias al empleo del sistema de escudo por él inventado y más tarde servirá para el paso del ferrocarril metropolitano.
1835 Aparece el primer cuadernillo de los cuentos de Hans Christian Andersen.
1821 Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
1820 Greeks revolt against Ottoman empire.
1813 Napoléon nomme douze évêques, ripostant ainsi contre la rétractation que, la veille, le pape Pie VII a fait du semblant de concordat en onze articles, que Napoléon lui a fait signer le 25 janvier 1813 à Fontainebleau.
France, Netherlands, Spain, and England sign Peace of Amiens
1789 Francisco de Goya y Luciente es nombrado pintor de cámara por Carlos IV. Nació el 30 marzo 1746 y murió el 13 Apr 1828. LINKS Carlos IV y su familia Carlos IV cazador
1753 Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia
1700 England, France, and Netherlands ratify 2nd Extermination treaty
1655 Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan (Saturn's largest satelite)
^ 1634 The settlement of Maryland
The first colonists to Maryland land at St. Clement’s Island on Maryland’s western shore, and the town of St. Mary’s is founded.
In 1632, King Charles I of England granted a charter to George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, yielding him propriety rights to a region east of the Potomac River in exchange for a share of the income derived from the land. The territory was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I.
Before settlement began, however, George Calvert died and was succeeded by his son Cecilius, who sought to establish Maryland as a haven for Roman Catholics persecuted in England. In March 23, 1634, the first English settlers to Maryland--a carefully selected group made up of both Catholics and Protestants--arrived at St. Clement’s Island aboard the Ark and the Dove.
Religious conflict was strong in ensuing years as the American Puritans, growing more numerous in the colony and supported by Puritans in England, set out to destroy the religious freedom guaranteed with the founding of the colony. In 1649, Maryland Governor William Stone, under the direction of the second Lord Baltimore, passed an act ensuring religious liberty and justice to all who believed in Jesus Christ.
However, in 1654, the so-called Toleration Act was repealed after the Puritans seized control, leading to a brief civil war that ended with Lord Baltimore losing control of propriety rights over the colony in March 1655. Although the Calverts later regained control of Maryland, anti-Catholic activity persisted until the nineteenth century, when many Catholic immigrants to America chose Baltimore as their home and helped enact laws to protect their free practice of religion.
1609 Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Co.
1409 Council of Pisa opens.
1306 Robert the Bruce crowned king of Scotland.
1133 William the Conqueror orders 1st Domesday Survey of England.
0708 Constantine begins his reign as Pope.
0433 Saint Patrick arrives in Ireland.. [< picture]
0031: 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus.
2003 Sister Philomena Fogarty, 64 [photo >], Irish-born, of the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary, murdered by Adrian O'Neill Robinson, 25, who cuts off her head, hands, and feet, and dumps her body in the Centre Pointe office parking lot in Virginia Beach, Virginia, off I-264 at the Independence Boulevard exit. On 22 March 2003, Robinson had murdered his father, Henry Robinson, 56, in their home in Hamilton, Georgia. Then Adrian walked 5 km to a Christ the King Catholic church and broke into the mobile home which Sister Philomena shared with Sister Lucie Kristofik, 72 [< photo]. They were not there. When they returned on 23 March, Robinson took $900, bound and gagged them, put them in their car and drove to Norfolk, Virginia, to the Hampton Inn on Military Highway, where, on 25 March he left Sister Lucie, bound but unharmed, while he took Sister Philomena, and then killed her. Police would notice the car, driven by Robinson, at 03:32 on 26 March on Stanhope Avenue in Norfolk, but Robinson flees on foot. At 04:10 Virginia Beach police discover Sister Philomena's body. Robinson is arrested the next day at the closed but unlocked Norfolk Burger King on Tidewater Drive, where a janitor recognizes him and sets off the silent alarm at 01:45. Adrian Robinson was wanted in Norfolk on a 1998 forgery charge.
2003 Haqam Nassar, 14, Palestinian boy, shot in the abdomen by Israeli troops while he was throwing stones at armored personnel carriers. Another Palestinian boy, 12, is wounded in the leg.
2003 Corp. Stephen John Allbutt, and Trooper David Jeffrey Clarke, soldiers of the British Lancers, part of the 1st Regiment of Fusiliers, by another British Challenger II tank mistakenly firing one round at theirs, in which the other two soldiers are wounded; near Az Subayr, close to Basra, Iraq.
2003 British Lance Cpl. Barry Stephen and Sgt. Steven Mark Roberts, in combat near Az Zubayr, close to Basra, Iraq.
2003 US Air Force Maj. Gregory Stone, 40 [< photo], from injuries inflicted on 23 March 2003 by US Sgt. Asan Akbar in grenade and gunfire attack on three tents in the Kuwait headquarters of the 101st Airborne Division, to which Stone was assigned as liaison officer.
2002 Some 2000 persons by 6.0 earthquake in the Hindu Kush mountains, centered at 35º58'N 69º11'E near Nahrin, 150 km north of Kabul, Aughanistan. which strikes at .19:27 local (14:56:37 UT) with a 5.0 aftershock (at 35º59'N 69º13'E) at 02:45 the next morning (21:45:07 UT) and further minor aftershocks. Damage is severe due to the relative shallowness (33 km) of the epicenter.
2001 Sister Michelle Lewis, 39, stabbed by novice Brother Mykaylo Kofel, 18, a Ukrainian, at the Byzantine Catholic Holy Cross Academy, in Kendall, Florida.
1999 Charles Rector, in Texas, by lethal injection, to which he was sentenced because on 17 October 1881 beaten and raped Katy Davis in her Austin apartment then shot her and threw her into Town Lake where she drowned.
1999 David Fisher, executed in Virginia, because, in order to collect on a $25'000 policy, he had hired Bobby Mulligan for $7000 to kill David Wilkey, 18, which Mulligan did on 21 November 1983 by shooting him while he was on a hunting trip. Mulligan confessed to his father 3 years later. Fisher had 25 previous convictions and was born Leeman Curtis Fortner but had undergone a name change when he enrolled in the federal witness protection program after being involved in organized crime.
, in order to collect on a $25,000 policy. Fisher had 25 previous convictions and was born Leeman Curtis Fortner but had undergone a name change when he enrolled in the federal witness protection program after being involved in organized crime.
1995 Warren E. Burger, chief US Supreme Court justice (1969-1986)
1991 Marcel François Lefebvre, born on 29 November 1905, archbishop, rebellious conservative schismatic, excommunicated from the Catholic Church, dies in Martigny, Switzerland.
1990 Ricardo Carballo Calero, filósofo y escritor español.
1990:: 87 persons, from fire at the locked unlicensed Happy Land Social Club in the Bronx NY. Most of the victims are ethnic Hondurans celebrating Carnival. The fire was started by Julio Gonzalez [1954–], after being ejected from the club drunk and belligerent.—(070308)
1975 Faisal ibn 'Abd al-'Azis ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman as-Sa'ud, king of Saudi Arabia (from 02 Nov 1964), born in 1906 [on 06 Jan 1975 Time cover, as 1974 Person of the Year >], shot by a nephew with a history of mental illness, Prince Faisal ibn Musad 'Abd al-'Aziz as-Sa'ud. (The nephew would be beheaded the following June.). The city of Lyallpur in Pakistan would be renamed Faisalabad in 1979 in honor of King Faisal.
1973 Edward J. Steichen, US painter turned photographer; born on 27 March 1879. — more with links to images.
1969 Max F. Eastman, 86, US critic, essayist (Love & Revolution).
1965 Viola Gregg Liuzzo, born on 11 March 1925. A member of the First Unitarian Universalist Church of Detroit, she went to Selma, Alabama, to participate in a civil rights march to protest the murder of activist Jimmy Lee Jackson [16 Dec 1938 – 26 Feb 1965] by a policeman. She is murdered by the Ku Klux Klan as she drives along the highway between Selma and Montgomery.
1954 Gertrud Bäumer, writer.
1947: 111 die in coal mine explosion, Centralia, Illinois.
1946 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhine, ajedrecista soviético nacionalizado francés.
1937 John Drinkwater, 54, English poet/playwright (Bird in Hand)
1937 Georges Valmier, French artist born on 10 April 1885.
1918 Claude A. Debussy, 55, French composer (Iberia/La mer), in Paris.
1914 Frédéric Mistral, French poet (Nobel-1904) poeta franco-provenzal, premio Nobel de Literatura en 1904.
Mary Goldstein, 11, and at least 145 others in fire of locked garment factory.
The Triangle Shirtwaist Company was typical of the garment shops that packed New York City's Lower East Side in the early 1900s: staffed primarily by young, female immigrants, the factory lacked basic safety measures like fire escapes and working exit doors. These conditions, clearly ripe for disaster, did indeed lead to trouble on this day in 1911. During the afternoon, a pile of rags in the shop burst into flames; the fire quickly, and tragically, engulfed the factory. Effectively trapped inside the flaming building, many of the workers either expired from asphyxiation or leapt from windows, a fatal, ten-story fall. The blaze, which lasted less than an hour, claimed 146 lives, marking one of the worst fire-related industrial disasters in America's history. The Triangle Shirtwaist tragedy shed a harsh light on the hazardous conditions that factory owners had allowed to exist in the name of industrial capitalism. It also galvanized various portions of the public, as reformers, workers, and survivors of the fire banded together to push for factory reform. The state government heeded this call and passed a set of laws aimed at safeguarding workers' health and safety. Along with this landmark legislation, workers also won a modicum of justice: the owners of the Triangle Shirtwaist were eventually found guilty on charges of manslaughter.
The last survivor, Rose Freedman, died on 15 February 2001, at age 107. She had survived the fire by running up one flight of stairs, to the top floor. That's where the company executives worked, and she figured they would have a way to escape. She was right. Rather than unlocking any of the doors below to save the women, the executives had fled to the roof, from which they were rescued. The tenth floor of the factory housed the offices of company executives, the switchboard, 40 garment pressers and the packing and shipping room. After receiving a warning call from the 8th floor most were able to escape over the roof to the adjacent New York University building with the aid of faculty members and students. Of the 70 people on that floor, all were saved but 1. [photos of Rose Freedman>]
Paqualina Russo, 19, also made it to the rooftop and jumped to safety onto another building. Sarah Dubow (Sorenson) was even luckier: she had the day off.
But the 240 employees sewing shirtwaists on the ninth floor had their escape blocked by back-to-back chairs and workbaskets in the aisles. The 25-meter-long paired sewing machine tables obstructed essential access to the windows, stairs, and elevators.
In the ensuing years, Rose Freedman spoke out about the conditions that led to the fire. Company executives tried to buy her silence; she refused. Freedman went on to attend college, get married, and raise a family. After almost a century, she found herself back in the spotlight as the oldest survivor of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire. She gave speeches and granted interviews and was featured in a documentary about her life that aired on many US public television stations in early 2001.
Here is the list of those who died, most of them at the scene, the severely injured were taken to hospitals, were some of them died after a few hours, and one died the next day at St. Vincent's Hospital: Sara Kupla, who had a fractured right leg (plus probably some internal injuries). With her, the list totals 154 fatalities, possibly due in part to some inadvertent duplications (Sara and Serafina Saracino #115 and 116, Sprunt and Gussie Spunt #130 and 131 ?).
| 1910 Kálmán Mikszáth, 63, Hungarian author (Szent Péter
1880 Valentín Carderera y Solano, pintor, arqueólogo y escritor español.
1874 Hermania Sigvardine Neegard, Danish artist born on 12 August 1799.
1873 Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish artist born on 24 December 1810. — more with links to images.
1865 Some 400, as the SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire and sinks.
1818 Wessel, mathematician.
1801 Friedrich Leopold, (Freiherr) von Hardenberg “Novalis”, of tuberculosis, born on 02 May 1772, early German Romantic poet and theorist who greatly influenced later Romantic thought. Author of Hymnen an die Nacht (1797), Glauben und Liebe oder der König und die Königin (1798), Die Christenheit oder Europa (1799), Geistliche Lieder (1802), Heinrich von Ofterdingen (1802), and other writings.
1751 Frederik of Hesse-Kassel, born on 17 Apil 1676, first king of Sweden to reign (1720-1751), almost powerless, during the 18th-century Age of Freedom, a period of parliamentary government. He devoted his time to hunting and to extra-marital love affairs.
1697 Hendrik Casimir II, King of Nassau-Dietzstadhouder.
1669 Some 20'000 in eruption of Mount Etna, which destroys Nicolosi in Sicily.
1635 Jacques Callot, French engraver born in 1592. MORE ON CALLOT AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1583 Juan de Garay, conquistador vasco, en una emboscada en el Río de la Plata.
1458 Inigo López de Mendoza, Spanish marquis of Santillana, poet. poeta y prosista renacentista español,.fallece en Guadalajara (España).
1223 Afonso II, 36, 3rd King of Portugal (1211-1123).
1989 Chicken Kentucky (chicken), 1st partial birth in space
1942 Jacqueline Lichtenberg, US, sci-fi author (Star Trek Lives!, Dreamspy)
1934 Gloria Steinem, feminist author.
1926 Fernando Morán, político socialista español, ministro de Asuntos Exteriores.
1925 Flannery O'Connor, Georgia, novelist (A Good Man Is Hard to Find)
1914 Norman E. Borlaug, US agriculture scientist (Nobel 1970) genetista estadounidense, premio Nobel de la Paz en 1970 por sus investigaciones en cereales para luchar contra la pobreza en el Tercer Mundo.
1911 Jacob Rubenstein, who would use the name Jack Ruby, and, on 24 Novemebr 1963, murder the murderer of president Kennedy, Lee Harvey Oswald, and be murdered himself in prison.
1900 US Socialist Party is formed at Indianapolis.
1899 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Race of Men)
1888 Gerald Clery Murphy, US painter, stage designer, and businessman, who died on 17 October 1964. — more with links to images.
1887 Josef Capek, Czechoslovakian painter / author / critic (Kulhavy Poutník)
1885 Veit Valentin, German / US, historian (Deutsche Revolution)
1881 Béla Bartók, Hungary, composer, pianist (Concerto for Orchestra)
1880 Eva Aubert (future Mme. Jourdan), in France. She would die on 06 May 1992.
1876 Alson Skinner Clark, US artist who died in 1949. — links to images.
1867 John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum, sculptor who in 1927 started carving Mount Rushmore into a colossal monument to Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and T. Roosevelt. He died on 06 March 1941, with the work almost completed. a bit MORE ON BORGLUM AT ART 4 MARCH with a photo of Mount Rushmore.
1859 Shatunovsky, mathematician.
1849 Alexander Pope, US artist who died in 1924.
1808 José de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary, poet (Cortes) poeta romántico español.
1800 Paulin Paris, French historian.
1798 Gudermann, mathematician.
1797 Louis Adolphe Thiers, político francés.
1767 Joachim Murat, marshal of France / King of Naples (1808-15). Le futur maréchal d'Empire Joachim Murat naît à Labastide (Quercy). Il deviendra un éphémère roi de Naples avant d'être fusillé à la chute de Napoléon.
1614 Don Juan Carreño de Miranda, Spanish artist who died in September 1685. pintor de Cámara de Carlos II. MORE ON CARREÑO AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1538 Christopher Clavius, mathematician.
1500 Antón Martín, discípulo y sucesor de san Juan de Dios.
1133 Henry II, King of England (1154-1189)
which occur on a 25 March:
2294 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2283 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2221 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2210 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2153 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2142 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2131 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2114 Third Sunday of Lent
2108 Palm Sunday
2103 Easter Sunday
2100 Holy Thursday
2096 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2091 Fifth Sunday of Lent
2085 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2074 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2068 Third Sunday of Lent
2063 Fourth Sunday of Lent
2057 Third Sunday of Lent
2046 Easter Sunday
2040 Palm Sunday
2035 Easter Sunday
2032 Holy Thursday
2029 Palm Sunday
2027 Holy Thursday
2018 Palm Sunday
2016 Good Friday
2012 Fifth Sunday of Lent
2007 Fifth Sunday of Lent
2005 Good Friday
2001 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1990 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1984 Third Sunday of Lent
1979 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1973 Third Sunday of Lent
1962 Third Sunday of Lent
1956 Palm Sunday
1951 Easter Sunday
1948 Holy Thursday
1945 Palm Sunday
1937 Holy Thursday
1934 Palm Sunday
1932 Good Friday
1928 Fifth Sunday of Lent
1923 Palm Sunday
1921 Good Friday
1917 Fifth Sunday of Lent
1910 Good Friday
1906 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1900 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1894 Easter Sunday
1888 Palm Sunday
1883 Easter Sunday
1880 Holy Thursday
1877 Palm Sunday
1875 Holy Thursday
1838 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1827 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1781 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1770 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1759 Fourth Sunday of Lent
1483 Fifth Sunday of Lent
of every 25 March:
— Saint Margaret Clitherow, English martyr
— Saint Lucy Filippini, Italian educator
— San Dimas
— San Quirino
— Santo Irineo.
— Annunciation (If 25 March is a Sunday, the Annunciation is celebrated on Monday 26 March. If 25 March is within Holy Week or Easter Week, the Annunciation is celebrated on the Monday after the octave of Easter):
Neuf mois avant Noël et la naissance du Christ, l'Église catholique commémore normalement l'Annonciation, autrement dit l'annonce faite à Marie de la conception de son fils Jésus. En 2002, l'Annonciation coïncidait avec la Semaine Sainte qui rappelle la Passion du Christ. Sa célébration fut reportée au 08 Apr.
— England : New Year's Day 1155-1752 (OS)
— Independence Day of Greece (1821)
— Maryland Day (1634)
— Pecan Day in the US