• Packard founder dies... • Khrushchev promoted in Soviet government... • Romanticizer of the West is born... • AOL goes public... • Impending French defeat in Vietnam alarms US... • Futility of Vietnam War... • US federal salaries are cut… • Mandalay liberated... • Mort de Chartier... • Ibsen is born... • Henry V becomes king... • Uncle Tom's Cabin is published... • GOP is founded... • Poison gas in Tokyo subway... • Globalisation néerlandaise... • Patty Hearst convicted of robbery...
a 20 March:
2004 At 10:44, demonstrators Harry Westaway (L) and Simon Westaway (R) from Greenpeace hold TIME FOR TRUTH banners below the clock face on London's Big Ben clock tower in Parliament Square. They scaled the tower to the clock face, 100 meters above London, ahead of a protest demonstration starting at 12:00 to mark the first anniversary of the launching of the war of aggression against Iraq's dictator Saddam Hussein by conniving USurper “Dubya” Bush and his lapdog, British Prime Minister Blair. The two climbers rappel down from the clockface six hours later. They are arrested “on suspicion of causing criminal damage” (whatever that might be, it is insignificant compared to the thousands of deaths and billions of dollars in damages caused by Bush and Blair).
Thousands had gathered in London for a peace march, one of many taking place across Asia, Europe and the United States the war and the ensuing disartrous military occupation of Iraq. In London, protesters carried "Wanted" posters bearing the faces of Blair and Bush, and banners reading "Make tea, not war." People playing the part of weapons inspectors carried an inflatable nuclear missile to highlight the failure to find weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and Britain's retention of a nuclear deterrent. Hundreds of black balloons were released in memory of those who died in Iraq and (on 11 March 2004) in Madrid. The march was organized jointly by Greenpeace and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) under the motto: “No More War ! No More Lies ! End the Occupation of Iraq !”.
2004 Taiwan's President Chen Shui-bian “A-bian”, 53, and Vice President Annette Lu, both of the Democratic Progressive Party, are reelected with 50.1% of the votes cast by the 80% of the electorate that voted [< the two, celebrating, behind bullet-proof glass]. The previous day, at midday, the two were riding in an open Jeep in Tainan, when a bullet wounded Chen in the abdomen and another bullet wounded Lu in the knee. Whoever shot at them was not caught. The opposition Nationalist Party suggests that the attack was a fake intended to gain sympathy votes, and its presidential candidate, Lien Chan, 67, demands the annulation of the vote (of which he got 49.9%). Lien is gratified however by the success of his call to boycott as illegal a referendum conducted at the same time as the election: it ends up invalid because less than 50% (45% in fact) of eligible voters participated in it, 92% of those voting answering "yes" to both questions: Should Taiwan's defenses be strengthened if China refuses to redeploy hundreds of missiles pointed at it?; Should Taiwan seek talks with China about setting up a new "peace and stability framework."? Former political science professor Lien, who belongs to one of Taiwan's richest families, served as an ambassador, foreign minister, premier, and vice president in the former Nationalist government. Chen grew up in a poor village and graduated from Taiwan's top law school. He got into politics by defending dissidents during the Nationalists' martial law era, which ended in 1987. He has been a legislator and Taipei mayor. Neither candidate favors immediate unification with China, and both deeply distrust its Communist leadership. But Chen has been more aggressive in pushing for a Taiwanese identity separate from China, raising tensions with the Beijing regime.
2003 The previous evening, NDCHealth (NDC) forecast lower than expected earnings for 2003 and announced that for the quarter ended on 28 Feb 2003 it had losses of $0.11 per share (in the same quarter a year earlier they had earnings of $0.31 per share). NDC is downgraded by Bear Sterns from Peer Perform to Underperform. On the New York Stock Exchange, 7.4 million of the 35 million NDC shares are traded, dropping from their previous close of $22.48 to an intraday low of $14.47 and closing at $15.05. They had traded as low as $10.90 as recently as 07 October 2003; and as high as $38.66 on 27 August 2001. [5~year price chart >] NDC is a network-based company that provides healthcare information services to pharmacies, physicians, payers and pharmaceutical manufacturers.
2003 Ordered, in defiance of world public opinion and of the majority of the [dis]United Nations, by the regime of US usurper-President “Dubya” Bush, a full-scale war “of liberation of the Iraqi people” against the regime of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, starts with an attack by guided bombs from F~117A stealth fighters and some 40 US cruise missiles which explode in Baghdad starting at 05:35 (02:35 UT), targeting Hussein in a bunker where he is thought to be holding a top-level meeting. In the following days Hussein does not reappear, other than in three possibly pre-recorded or impersonated videotaped addresses on TV (20 March, 24 March, 04 April). But neither does the Iraqi military conduct a coup against his regime or surrender in large numbers.
2002 The stock of Collateral Therapeutics Inc. (CLTX) rises 104% on the NASDAQ, from the previous close of $5.09 to close at $10.37, while the company is still losing money. It had traded as low as $2.81 on 21 Sep 2001, and as high as $44.38 on 21 February 2000. [< 3-year stock price graph] On 20 March 2003 CLTX, now delisted, would be at $10.77 Over-the-Counter.
2001 La mayor plataforma petrolera mundial, la P-36 brasileña, con una extensión equivalente a un campo de fútbol y una altura de 100 metros, se hunde frente a las costas de Río de Janeiro.
2001 Vatican response to allegations of sexual abuse of nuns by priests.
The Vatican responds to the National Catholic Reporter 16 March cover story which says that sexual abuse of nuns by priests especially in AIDS-ravaged Africa is a serious problem, which article was taken up in La Reppublica of 20 March:
In relazione a notizie di casi di abusi sessuali subiti da religiose da parte di sacerdoti o missionari, il Direttore della Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, Dr. Joaquín Navarro-Valls, ha rilasciato questa mattina la seguente dichiarazione: Il problema è conosciuto, ed è ristretto ad un’area geografica delimitata. La Santa Sede sta trattando la questione in collaborazione con i Vescovi, con l’Unione Superiori Generali (USG) e con l’Unione Internazionale Superiore Generali (UISG). Si lavora sul doppio versante della formazione delle persone e della soluzione dei casi singoli. Alcune situazioni negative non possono far dimenticare la fedeltà spesso eroica della stragrande maggioranza di religiosi, religiose e sacerdoti.
(NCR comment: The statement did not specify what geographic area is involved nor what was being done to deal with the problem.)
2001 Stock of the semiconductor company Flextronics International (FLEX on NASDAQ) drops $4.38 to close at $19.00, having traded as low as $18.19 during the day, its lowest since 1999. [5-year stock price graph >]. On 20 March 2002 it would close at $16.61, after having traded as low as $12.38 on 04 April 2001, and as high as $ 33.09 on 21 May 2001. On 20 March 2003 it would close at $9.49, having traded as high as $18.98 on 01 April 2002 and as low as $5.47 on 09 October 2002.
2000 El programa europeo "Levántate y anda", encaminado a devolver la movilidad a parapléjicos, presenta sus primeros resultados con una demostración pública en la que tres minusválidos, a los que se les había implantado un mecanismo de electroestimulación, ponen en movimiento sus miembros.
2000 Former Black Panther Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, 56, once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured in Alabama; he was wanted in the 16 March 2000 fatal shooting of sheriff's deputy Ricky Kinchen. Al-Amin maintains his innocence. Nevertheless an Atlanta jury would, on 09 March 2002, find him guilty on all 13 charges made against him in relation to the murder.
1999 Bertrand Piccard of Switzerland and Brian Jones of Britain become the first to go around the world nonstop in a hot air balloon.
1997 The National Association of Broadcasters says that it will present a plan to make digital television available to 43% of US homes by the year 2000. Two days earlier, Federal Communications Commission chairman Reed Hundt had accused the industry of stalling on digital systems.
1997 Liggett Group, the maker of Chesterfield cigarettes, settled 22 state lawsuits by agreeing to warn on every pack that smoking is addictive and admitting the industry markets cigarettes to teen-agers.
1996 A jury in Los Angeles convicted Erik and Lyle Menendez of first-degree murder in the shotgun slayings of their millionaire parents.
1996 The British government said that a rare brain disease that had killed ten people was probably linked to so-called "mad cow disease."
1995 Los 52 países de la Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación en Europa (OSCE) adoptan en París el Pacto de Estabilidad.
1993 Russian President Boris Yeltsin declared emergency rule, setting a referendum on whether the people trusted him or the hard-line Congress to govern. El presidente Boris Nikolaievich Yeltsin disuelve el Parlamento ruso y asume poderes especiales, medidas declaradas inconstitucionales tres días después.
1993 Juan Pablo II beatifica al teólogo y filósofo escocés Juan Duns Escoto, franciscano que vivió en el siglo XIV.
1992 AOL goes public. ^top^
America Online offers its stock to the public at $11.50 a share. Prospects for online companies seemed bright in 1992 but darkened over the next several years as the increased popularity of the Web lured many users away from online services. While many competitors disappeared or transformed themselves into Internet service providers, AOL survived, becoming the market leader with fifteen million members in January 1999. In 1998, the company purchased Netscape, positioning the company to compete directly with Microsoft in the browser and online content arenas.
1992 Noriega's wife Felicidad arrested for stealing buttons from dresses.
1991 US forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland
1991 The US Supreme Court ruled employers could not adopt "fetal protection" policies barring women of childbearing age from certain hazardous jobs.
1990 Namibia became an independent nation, after 75 years of South African rule.
1981 Jean Harris sentenced 15-to-life for slaying of Scarsdale Diet Doctor.
1980 US appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran.
1980 La coalición nacionalista Convergencia i Unió (CiU) gana las elecciones al Parlamento de Cataluña.
1977 Parisians elect former PM Jacques Chirac as first mayor in a century.
1956 Tunisia gains independence from France.
1947 180-metric ton blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic.
1945 II Guerra Mundial. La isla de Iwo Jima, defendida por japoneses, queda en poder de los estadounidenses tras un mes de lucha feroz, en la que murieron 20'000 soldados por cada bando.
1939 7000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania
1931 Consejo de guerra contra los dirigentes de la revuelta de Jaca. Una mujer, Victoria Kent Siano, interviene por primera vez en un suceso de esta índole, como defensora de uno de los acusados.
1896 Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens in the wake of a revolution.
1865 Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina continues.
1864 Confederate raider CSS Alabama arrives at Capetown, South Africa.
1833 US and Siam conclude commercial treaty.
1816 The US Supreme Court affirmed its right to review state court decisions.
1815 Napoléon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule.
1807 Los ingleses se apoderan de Alejandría, tras la llegada del ejército de Napoleón a Egipto.
1800 Gran victoria de los franceses, dirigidos por Jean-Baptiste Kléber, sobre los turcos en la llanura de Heliópolis (Egipto).
1760 Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings.
1565 Felipe II encarga a Pedro Menéndez de Avilés la conquista y conversión a la fe católica de los indígenas de las provincias de la Florida.
1686 The Holy Office of the Holy See condemns the abuses of the Atlantic slave trade. The violent and fraudulent enslavement of "Negroes and other natives" is forbidden, and owners are to emancipate and compensate innocent slaves.
0141 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
2007 At least 62 patients and staff members, by fire in a nursing home in the village Kamyshevatskaya, on the coast of the Azov Sea in Russia. —(070320)
2007 Taha Yasin Ramadan Al-Jizrawi, hanged for his role in the 1982 Dujail massacre. He was an Arabized Kurd born in 1938 in Mosul. He was Vice President of Iraq (Mar 1991 - 09 Apr 2003) under the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein [28 Apr 1937 – 30 Dec 2006]. —(070320)
2005 A policeman walking to work in Samarra, Iraq, shot from a passing vehicle.
2005 Twenty-six of the approximately 50 attackers of a patrol of the US 18th Airborne Corps as it was driving through Salman Pak, Iraq. 6 US soldiers and 7 attackers are wounded.
2005 A US soldier on patrol in Kirkuk, Iraq, by a roadside bomb. Three other soldiers of the patrol are wounded.
2005 Two persons in cars of the funeral of Walid Kashmoula, in Mosul, Iraq, which is fired upon. At least 10 persons are wounded.
2005 Police Brigadier Walid Kashmoula and a suicide bomber, early in the day, in Mosul, Iraq, where Kashmoula was the top anti-corruption official. Several persons are wounded.
2005 Mitsue Itoyama, 75, woman, by a 1.5-meter-high wall collapsing on her, in Hakata Ward, Fukuoka, Kyushu island, Japan, due to a magnitude 6.4 earthquake at 10:54 (01:54 UT) with epicenter some 40 km WNW of her, just off the coast, 10 km deep, at 33º51'N 129º58'E in the Genkainada Sea. Some 400 persons are injured. There is no tsunami.
2004 Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina of the Netherlands [< photos >], of pneumonia (also apparently Alzheimer since at least 2001), born on 30 April 1909, former queen (04 Sep 1948 - 30 Apr 1980) who took the title of Princess after abdicating in favor of her daughter Beatrix [31 Jan 1938~]. Juliana and her husband, Prince Bernhard [29 Jun 1911~], a German, and their two oldest daughters, then infants, were forced to flee in a truck, then by ship, to England after the Nazi army treacherously invaded The Netherlands on 10 May 1940, when her mother Wilhelmina [31 Aug 1880 – 28 Nov 1962; queen 23 Nov 1890 - 04 Sep 1948] was still queen. The family spent much of the war in Canada and returned to a devastated, impoverished country at the end of the war. Among her first acts as a young queen was not only overseeing reconstruction at home, but also dealing with conflicts in the Dutch colony of Indonesia. She handed back sovereignty to the Indonesians on 27 December 1949. On 18 February 1947, Marijke Christina, her youngest daughter, was born almost blind. Juliana blamed herself because she had contracted German measles just before giving birth. With doctors saying they could do little, she turned to a faith healer. Her close relationship with Greet Hofmans [23 Jun 1894 – 16 Nov 1968], the healer — who was a militant pacifist and had a penchant for the occult — became a scandal and nearly led to the breakup of the royal marriage. The prince contended that the healer had a dangerous influence on his wife and, after a political furor, ensured that all contacts between the two women were broken. Queen Juliana, in turn, stood by her husband during several scandals in which he was involved. Prince Bernhard was often linked to extramarital relationships, which were treated as a public secret within the royal family and in some of the Dutch and European press. But the greater upset to her reign occurred in 1976, when the government disclosed that Prince Bernhard was involved in a bribery scandal and had accepted "dishonorable offers and favors" from the Lockheed Corp., which was eager to sell aircraft to the Dutch military. The prince, by many accounts, was spared criminal prosecution because of public sympathy for Queen Juliana's plight. The distraught queen privately told the government she would abdicate. Fearing a constitutional crisis and a public outcry, the government merely stripped the prince of his military, charitable and diplomatic tasks. [brief illustrated biography] [06 Sep 1948 Time cover]
2004 Fatma al-Jaled, 8, Palestinian girl, of wounds sustained from alleged “warning shots” fired by Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip refugee camp of Khan Yunis a day earlier.
2003 Keith Bernard Clay, 35, by lethal injection in Texas, for killing convenience store clerk Melathethil Tom Varughese during a 04 January 1994 robbery in Baytown, near Houston. He is the 300th executed in Texas since it resumed the death penalty in 1983.
2003 Muhammad Ali Nassir, 54, from Yemen where he has 2 wives and 12 children, shot in the head from half-a-meter away by a Black, at 10:15 (15:15 UT) as Nassir was sitting in his place of work, the Stop II Food Market in Brooklyn's Crown Heights at 1291 Eastern Parkway. The gunman then fires repeatedly through a slot in the Plexiglas security window at the counter, critically injuring with 3 bullets another worker, Yakoob Aldailam, 20, nephew of the owner. The gunman leaves without trying to rob the store, whose security cameras had stopped working a month earlier. After Larme Price, 30, admits on the phone to the police that he committed this and 3 previous similar murders (John Freddy and Sukhjit Khajala on 08 February 2003, and Albert Kotlyar on 10 March 2003) out of anger about the 11 September 2001 attack on the World Trade Center, he is arrested on 29 March 2003.
2002 Elizabeth Betty Wettermark Carlson, 87. A lifelong resident of El Paso, Texas, Betty is survived by her husband of 44 years (his 2nd marriage, after the death of his first wife), Edward E. Carlson, 86 (3021 Harrison Avenue, phone 566-0332); son, David E. Carlson, of Houston, TX; daughter, Sylvia Evans of El Paso, TX; granddaughter, Michelle Evans of Dallas, TX; grandson, Jon Michael Evans and wife, Genna Evans, of Houston, TX: several nieces and nephews including Frank Wesster of Peoria, AZ; and many grandnieces and nephews, not to mention her blind dog, and a number of alley cats which come through the cat-door in her garage to eat the food she and her husband put out for them.
2002 Rafael Jaimes Torra, tesorero de la Unión Sindical Obrera, asesinado en la noche cuando salía de su residencia ubicada en el Barrio Galán en la ciudad de Barrancabermeja, Colombia. En el atentado resulta gravemente herido Germán Augusto Corzo García, sobrino del sindicalista.
2002 Four Israeli soldiers: Warrant Officer Meir Fahima, 40, from Hadera; Staff Sergeant Shimon Edrei, 20, from Pardes Hannah; Sergeant Michael Altfiro, 19, from Pardes Hannah; Corporal Aharon Revivo, 19, from Afula; two Israeli civilians: Alon Goldenberg, 27, from Tel Aviv, Maharto Mogus, 75; an unidentified because disfigured victim; and Ra'afat Tahsin Salim Diab, 20, Islamic Jihad suicide bomber from Jenin, West Bank, at about 07:05, in Egged 823 line bus on Highway 65 at Musmus junction, near Umm al Fahm, Arab village south of Afula, Israel. 18 passengers are wounded seriously enough to remain hospitalized overnight. This brings the al-Aqsa intifada body count to 1218 Palestinians and 359 Israelis.
2001 Vera Lawrence, 53, from breathing difficulties suffered after an attempt, at her home, by a fly-by-night operator to enlarge her buttocks by injecting either silicon or collagen. She was an employee in Miami-Dade County's community development division.
1998 Agustín Gómez Arcos, escritor y dramaturgo español.
1991 Conor Clapton, 5, son of Eric Clapton, falls out of 53rd floor window.
1990 Victor Rothschild, financiero francés.
1983 Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician born on 14 September 1891. He used trigonometric series to attack deep problems in analytic number theory.
1978 Barbara Williams, stabbed, in El Paso, Texas. The murderer is not discovered, at least during the next 26 years.
1974 Chet Huntley, 62, newscaster (NBC Huntley-Brinkley Report)
1933 Giuseppe Joe Zangara, executed by electrocution for assassination attempt on US President F. D. Roosevelt.
1929 Ferdinand Foch, mariscal francés.
1903 Carl Anton Bjerknes, Christiana (now Oslo) Norwegian mathematician born on 24 October 1825..
1899 Martha M. Place of Brooklyn, becomes first woman to be executed by electrocution (for the murder of her stepdaughter).
1895 Ludwig Schläfli, mathematician.
1894 Lajos Kossuth Hungarian nationalist.
1865 Constant Troyon, French artist born on 28 August 1810. MORE ON TROYON AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1859 Jozef T.L. Geirnaert, Belgian artist born on 27 August 1791.
1840 Jan Frans van Dael, Flemish artist born on 25 May 1764. MORE ON VAN DAEL AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1830 Nicolas Antoine Taunay, French artist born on 10 February 1755. — more with links to images.
1781 Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, estadista francés.
1771 Louis Michel van Loo, French artist born in 1707. — more with links to images.
1746 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter born on 10 October 1656. MORE ON DE LARGILLIÈRE AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1727 Sir Isaac Newton, 84, in London, physicist, mathematician and astronomer.
1681 Gaspar de Witte, Flemish artist born in 1624. Relative? of Peter De Witte
1668 Nicolas Mignard d'Avignon, French painter born on 07 February 1606. — more with links to images.
1430 Alain Chartier, escritor francés.
1191 Clemente III, papa.
1988 Brittanie Cecil, who would die on 18 March 2002, 2 days after being hit in the head by an errant puck at a hockey game she was watching in Columbus, Ohio.
1947 Horacio Vázquez Rial, escritor y periodista español nacido en Argentina.
1944 Erwin Neher, físico alemán, Premio Nobel de Medicina 1991.
1939 Martin Brian Mulroney, Canadian prime minister.
1938 Sergi Novikov, mathematician.
1928 Fred Mister Rogers, American Presbyterian clergyman and--since its premiere in 1965--host of public television's longest running children's program: "Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood."
1927 Josep Guinovart, pintor español.
1925 John Ehrlichman Watergate conspirator as assistant to US president Nixon. Ehrlichman died on 14 February 1999.
1922 USS Langley, US Navy's first aircraft carrier, is commissioned.
1911 Alfonso García Robles, Mexican Nobel Peace Prize-winning diplomat and advocate of nuclear disarmament. He died on 02 September 1991.
1911 Angélico Melotto Mazzardo, in Sarego (Veneto), Italy. He would be ordained an OFM priest on 19 July 1939, serve as a missionary in China until the Communist take-over, later be sent to Guatemala, where, on 19 July 1959, he would be consecrated as the first bishop of the diocese of Sololá. On 28 July 1963 he would ordain the first priest of the diocese, US-French Juan-Francisco Canu [27 Feb 1930~]. Bishop Melotto would retire on 05 April 1986, being succeeded by his native Guatemalan coadjutor, Eduardo Ernesto Fuentes Duarte [20 Aug 1941 – 20 Jul 1997], after whose death Bishop Melotto would be, on 20 March 1999 a co-consecrator of the next Bishop of the diocese (by then renamed Sololá-Chimaltenango), Raúl Antonio Martínez Paredes [09 May 1943~], who had been ordained a priest of the diocese on 17 October 1987. Bishop Melotto would die on 11 May 1999.
1904 B(urrhus) F(rederic) Skinner, Pennsylvania, psychologist, Behaviorism pioneer (Skinner box) He died on 18 August 1990.
1886 First AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Massachusetts
1884 Frank, mathematician.
1882 René Coty Le Harve France, president (France)
1877 Jean Dunand, Swiss Art Deco designer who died on 07 June 1942. — more with links to images.
1872 Robert Brough, Scottish painter who died on 22 January 1905. — a bit more with link to an image.
1856 Frederick Winslow Taylor, father of scientific managemente. He died on 21 March 1915.
1852 Uncle Tom's
Cabin's is published.
American abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe, 40, publishes her classic antislavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin. The controversy it kindled helped lead to the American Civil War, nine years later.
Harriet Elizabeth Beecher was born on 14 June 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the seventh child of Congregationalist minister Lyman Beecher. Stowe studied at private schools in Connecticut and worked as a teacher in Hartford for five years until her father moved to Cincinnati in 1832. She accompanied him and continued to teach while writing stories and essays. In 1836, she married Calvin Ellis Stowe, with whom she had seven children. In 1843 she published her first book, The Mayflower; or, Sketches of Scenes and Characters Among the Descendants of the Pilgrims. While living in Cincinnati, Stowe encountered fugitive slaves and the Underground Railroad.
In reaction to recently tightened fugitive laws, she wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly which, on 5 June 1851, began to appear in serial form in the Washington National Era, an abolitionist weekly. Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery story would be published in forty installments over the next ten months. For her story Mrs. Stowe was paid $300.
Although the weekly had a limited circulation, its audience increased as reader after reader passed their copy along to another. In March 1852, a Boston publisher decided to issue Uncle Tom's Cabin as a book and it became an instant best-seller. Three hundred thousand copies were sold the first year, and about two million copies were sold worldwide by 1857. For one three-month period Stowe reportedly received $10'000 in royalties. Across the nation people discussed the novel and hotly debated the most pressing socio-political issue dramatized in its narrative, slavery.
Stowe traveled to England in 1853, where she was welcomed as a literary hero. Along with Ralph Waldo Emerson, she became one of the original contributors to The Atlantic, which launched in November 1857.
In 1863, when Lincoln announced the end of slavery (though in the rebel states only), she danced in the streets. Stowe continued to write throughout her life. In 1853, she published The Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin, a compilation of documents and testimonies in support of disputed details of her indictment of slavery. In 1856 she published Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp, in which she depicted the deterioration of a society resting on a slave basis. Later she wrote novels, of which The Minister's Wooing (1859) is the best known.
Stowe died on 01 July 1896.
| STOWE ONLINE:
Stage versions co-authored by others:
Her husband, Calvin Stowe, is co-author of
| 1840 Mertens,
1836 Sir Edward John James Poynter, English Classicist painter who died on 26 July 1919. MORE ON POYNTER AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1811 George Caleb Bingham, US frontier politician and painter.who died on 07 July 1879.
1811 Prosper Georges Antoine Marilhat, French painter specialized in portraits and orientalism, who died insane on 13 September 1847. MORE ON MARILHAT AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1809 Jan Tavenraat, Dutch artist who died in 1881.
1781 Joseph Paelinck, Belgian painter who died on 19 June 1839. — more with links to images.
1780 Joseph Moessmer, Austrian artist who died on 22 June 1845.
1741 Jean-Antoine Houdon, at Versailles, French sculptor in the 18th century Rococo style. He died on 15 July 1828.
1735 Torbern Olof Bergman, Swedish chemist and naturalist who died on 08 July 1784.
1608 Jean Tassel, French artist who died on 06 April 1667
--43 BC:: Publius Ovidius Naso (Ovid), Roman poet known for his Metamorphoses. He died in 17 AD.in exile in Tomis (now Constanta, Romania) where the emperor Augustus, who hated him, had banished him. OVID ONLINE: Metamorphoses Metamorphoses Amores Heroides Ars Amatoria Remedia Amoris Ibis Tristia ex Ponto Fasti (In English translations): Metamorphoses Metamorphoses Elegies Baur's 150 illustrations of 1703 for Metamorphoses — 15 illustrations of 1640 for Metamorphoses
which occur on a 20 March:
(earliest possible date for Good Friday; latest possible date for 2nd Sunday of Lent)
— 2972 Good Friday
— 2505 Good Friday
— 2437 Good Friday
— 2353 Good Friday
— 2285 Good Friday
— 2118: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 2112 Third Sunday of Lent
— 2107: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 2101 Third Sunday of Lent
— 2095 Second Sunday of Lent
— 2089 Fifth Sunday of Lent
— 2078 Fifth Sunday of Lent
— 2072: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 2067 Fifth Sunday of Lent
— 2061: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 2050: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 2044 Third Sunday of Lent
— 2039: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 2033 Third Sunday of Lent
— 2022 Third Sunday of Lent
— 2016 Palm Sunday
— 2011 Second Sunday of Lent
— 2008 Holy Thursday
— 2005 Palm Sunday
— 1994 Fifth Sunday of Lent
— 1988 Fifth Sunday of Lent
— 1983 Fifth Sunday of Lent
— 1977: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 1966: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 1960 Third Sunday of Lent
— 1955: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 1949 Third Sunday of Lent
— 1938 Third Sunday of Lent
— 1932 Palm Sunday
— 1927 Third Sunday of Lent
— 1921 Palm Sunday
— 1913 Holy Thursday
— 1910 Palm Sunday
— 1904 Fifth Sunday of Lent
— 1898: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 1887: Fourth Sunday of Lent
— 1881 Third Sunday of Lent
— 1818 Good Friday
— 1761 Good Friday
— 1693 Good Friday
— 1598 Good Friday
of every 20 March:
— Spring Equinox
— Saint Salvator of Horta [1520-1567]: His parents were poor. At the age of 21 he entered the Franciscans as a brother and was soon known for his asceticism, humility, and simplicity. As cook, porter, and later the official beggar for the friars in Tortosa, he became well known for his charity. He healed the sick with the Sign of the Cross. When crowds of sick people began coming to the friary to see Salvator, the friars transferred him to Horta. Again the sick flocked to ask his intercession; one person estimated that two thousand people a week came to see Salvator. He told them to examine their consciences, to go to confession and to receive Holy Communion worthily. He refused to pray for those who would not receive those sacraments. The public attention given to Salvator was relentless. The crowds would sometimes tear off pieces of his habit as relics. Two years before his death, Salvator was moved again, this time to Cagliari on the island of Sardinia. He was canonized in 1938.
— Saints Alexandra, Caldia, Euphrasia, Matrona, Juliana, Euphemia, Theodosia, Derphuta, and a sister of Derphuta, martyrs. They were Christian women of Amisus, Paphlagonia, burned to death under Diocletian.
— Saint Archippus of Colossae, first bishop of Colossae. Saint Paul called Archippus 'my fellow- soldier' (Philem. 2) and wrote to him, "Remember the service that the Lord wants you to do and try to carry it out" (Col. 4:17)
— Commemoration of Cuthbert, Bishop of Lindisfarne [634 – 20 Mar 687] (Anglican)
— San Cirilo
— San Nicetas
— San Wulfrano
— Santa Eufemia
— Santa Claudia.
— Saint Wulfran:: Évêque de Sens au VIIe siècle, à l'époque des rois mérovingiens, Wulfran renonça à son siège prestigieux pour évangéliser les sauvages tribus de la Frise, au nord des Pays-Bas actuels. Il lutta contre les sacrifices humains. Mission accomplie, il revint mourir à Saint-Wandrille, sur les bords de la Seine, dans un charmant monastère que l'on peut encore visiter.
— Iran : Oil Nationalization Day
— Tunisia : Independence Day (1956)