• Soldiers of the glorious Finnish army!... • 6 wrongly imprisoned Irishmen relased... • USSR leader Gorbachev now president too... • The FBI's 10 Most Wanted list... • Publisher of Ulysses is born... • Max Brand's first novel... • Albert Einstein is born... • More bombing of North Vietnam... • Possibility of withdrawing US troops from Vietnam... • First US War Bonds... • A vote for 2nd Bank of US... • Germans recapture Kharkov... • Death for Kennedy's murderer's murderer... • Heaviest bomb of WW II... • Stalin has fellow Bolshevik executed... • Inventor of Mark I computer dies... • Birth of child who would die of old age at age 7... • Microsoft goes public... • Power Mac computer...
a 14 March:
2008 Qatar's first Catholic church, the Church of the Blessed Mother Mary, is inaugurated in the area of Abu Hamour near Doha, in the presence of. Swiss archbishop Paul Hinder O.F.M. Cap. [22 Apr 1942~], apostolic vicar of Arabia and of Indian cardinal Ivan Dias [14 Apr 1946~], prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. The pastor of the church is Filipino Father Tomasito Veneracion, who for years has celebrated mass for Qatar's 100'000 Catholics, who are among the half of Qatar's 800'000 inhabitants who are immigrant workers, including Christian Indians, Filipinos, Europeans, Arabs, who are, besides Catholics, Orthodox Coptics, Anglicans, and other Protestants. The church's capacity is 2700, the biggest Catholic church in the Arabian peninsula. It is part of a complex containing five other churches of different denominations. The land was donated by Qatar's ruler, sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani [1952~]; the funds for the construction of the church came from contributions by Catholics who live in Qatar. —(080307)
2006 Trial begins in a Califormia federal court for Barry Byron "The Baron" Mills, Tyler Davis “The Hulk” (or “Bull”) Bingham, Edgar Wesley "The Snail" Hevle and Christopher Overton Gibson, leaders of the multi-prison gang Aryan Brotherhood, accused of ordering or participating in 15 murders or attempted murders since 1980. They were indicted in February 2002 (PDF) under the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization laws together with 36 other gang members, of which one commited suicide and the others are to be subjected to later trials. This case, the result of four years of investigation by numerous agencies, is the biggest US federal death penalty case ever.
The murders of which they are accused include those of:
1) 20 May 1979: John Marzloff in prison in Atlanta, Georgia (for allegedly cheating AB leader Tommy Silverstein in a drugs deal).
2) 08 June 1980: Robert Hogan in Illinois.
3) 13 February 1983: Richard Barnes in California.
4) 23 September 1983: Gregory Keefer in Illinois.
5) 06 October 1983: Richard Andreasen in California.
6) 15 October 1988: Thomas Lamb in an Illinois prison (hanged to make it look like suicide).
7) 09 August 1989: Arva Lee Ray in Lompoc prison, California.
8) 28 December 1992: William McKinney (by beating with a metal bar in Lompoc prison) in California.
9) 25 August 1995: Charles Leger in Kansas.
10) 07 February 1996: Arthur Ruffo in California.
11) 25 July 1997: Aaron Nash in California.
12) 28 August 1997: Frank Joyner in California and Abdul Salaam in Pennsylvania.
13) 18 May 1999: Terry Walker in Illinois. — (060316)
2004 Elections in Spain to the 350 seat Cortes Generales. Blamed for provoking the 11 March terrorist bombings in Madrid by supporting the US war against Iraq, the governing Partido Popular (PP), which had 183 seats, retains only 148..The Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE) goes from 125 seats to 164, so that, with support from at least two minor parties, its leader, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero [< photo], will be able to form the new government. Convergéncia i Unió (CiU) obtains 10 seats, Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC) 8, Partido Nacionalista Vasco (PNV) 7, Izquierda Unida (IU) 5, Coalición Canaria (CC) 3, Bloque Nacionalista Galego (BNG) 2, and 1 each for Eusko Alkartasuna (EA), Chunta Aragonesista (CHA), and Nafarroa Bai (Na-Bai)..85 other parties obtain so few votes (from 50 for the Grupo Político Honradez Absoluta Española, GPHAE, to 181'261 for the Partido Andalucista, PA, out of the total of 25'846'620 votes cast, of which 406'789 are blank and 261'590 are invalid) that they get no seat in the Cortes Generales. (complete list of registered Spanish political parties, most of which got no votes at all)(complete PDF list of candidates)
2004 Presidential vote in Russia, won by authoritarian Putin, 51, (with 71%), who has insured his reelection by dominating the news media, pressuring voters, and persecuting opponents. 64% of the electorate voted. Communist candidate Nikolai Kharitonov got 14% of the vote, nationalist candidate Sergei Glazyev 4.1%, liberal candidate Irina Khakamada 3.9%, Oleg Malyshkin 2%, and Sergei Mironov 0.8%. Some 4% of voters checked the box marked "against all."
2003 The previous day, office supply Daisytek International Corporation (DZTK) announced that its US creditor banks waived the requirement that Daisytek raise $20 million by 15 May 2003. DZTK is upgraded by First Albany from Neutral to Buy. On the NASDAQ 3.1 million of the 18.5 million DZTK shares are traded, surging from their previous close of $1.53 to an intraday high of $2.44 and close at $2.22. They had traded as low as $1.09 on 07 March 2003, and as high as $16.96 as recently as 01 July 2002, after starting trading an $7.66 on 15 May 2000. [3~year price chart >]
2003 The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention annnounces the results of their analysis of more than 97% of all state death certificates issued in the US in 2001. Life expectancy reaches an all-time high of 77.2 years overall, 74.4 years for men, 79.8 years for women. Previous reports mention the expectation that today's US children will become the first generation to have a lower life expectancy than their parents, due to obesity resulting from lack of physical exercise and excess of junk foods.
2003 In Vienna, the Albertina Museum, closed since 1994, reopens after a thorough renovation. — more
2002 Vojislav Kostunica, president of Yugoslavia (consisting of Serbia and Montenegro), and Milo Djukanovic, president of Montenegro, sign an agreement (which must be ratified by both parliaments) to drop the name Yugoslavia and replace it by Serbia and Montenegro as a loose federation.
2002 In its April issue, National Geographic announces that in March 2001, archaeologist William Saturno serendipously discovered the oldest (approximately 100 AD) intact Maya mural, under a pyramid in a looters' tunnel where he had sought shelter from the heat, near San Bartolo, Petén, Guatemala. Most of the mural is believed to be still buried. [< artist's rendering of the uncovered part of the mural]
2002 The US Senate Judiciary Committee, 10 Democrats to 9 Republicans, rejects President George W. Bush (Jr.)'s nomination of conservative Mississippi judge Charles W. Pickering Sr., 64, to a federal appeals court. Some of Pickering's past actions were anti-Black. For example at a 1994 trial Pickering successfully pressured prosecutors to drop a charge against the one Ku Klux Klan defendant who was convicted, as mandating too severe a sentence.
2001 Duratek stock plunges.
At 08:17 ET Duratek postpones release of 4th quarter and year-end results. Its stock (DRTK) falls $3.37 to $3.04. It had traded as high as $19.19 on 22 April 1996 and its previous low in the last 5 years had been $4.50 on 5 April 1999.
Then at 18:27 ET there is announced an ongoing investigation of Duratek for possible violations of federal securities laws.
Duratek provides waste treatment solutions for radioactive, hazardous, mixed, and other wastes for commercial and government waste operations. It had acquired Waste Management Nuclear Services. [5year stock price graph >]
. 2001 First National Heroes Day of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, though the nation does not yet have any officially designated hero. A likely candidate might be Joseph Chatoyer, chief of the so-called Black Carib Afro-Indians who fought British colonialists in the 18th century.
2000 La empresa dependiente del Instituto Roslin de Edimburgo, creadora en 1996 de la oveja clónica Dolly, anuncia el nacimiento de Millie, Christa, Alexis, Carrel y Dotcom, los cinco primeros cerdos clónicos del mundo.
2000 Contemporary painting by Rackstraw Downes [1939~] Cambridge, NY - Autumn is auctioned at Sotheby's, New York, for some $15'000
1995 Thomas Ludger Dupré is appointed Ordinary Bishop of the Diocese of Springfield (in Massachusetts), of which he was appointed Auxiliary Bishop on 07 April 1990, being consecrated a bishop on 31 May 1990. He succeeds Bishop John Aloysius Marshall [26 Apr 1928 – 03 Jul 1994]. Born on 10 November 1933, Dupré was ordained a priest of that same diocese on 23 May 1959. He would resign as Bishop of Springfield on 11 February 2004 “for health reasons”, a day after the Springfield newspaper The Republican publishes allegations that Dupré abused sexually two altar boys in the 1970s. After his retirement, Dupré would be treated at St. Luke Institute, a private Catholic psychiatric hospital in Maryland where the Boston Archdiocese sent many priests for treatment after sexual abuse allegations were made against them. The institute treats priests with emotional, behavioral, and psychological problems. One Dupré's accusers was in 1977 a boy of 12 and a refugee immigrant to the US when his family was befriended by Dupré, who offered to teach the child English. The boy arrived in the United States in 1975 with many family members, but his father was unable to come with them. The family, which was Catholic and sponsored by a parish of the diocese of Springfield, came there from a Pennsylvania refugee center. The accuser says that the abuse included oral and anal sex, and that Father Durpé took him traveling out of state and to Canada. They bought pornography together and the abuse lasted until the boy began dating a girl in high school, he says. The allegations include that this boy introduced Dupré to a friend aged 13 who also was abused; and that Dupré plied the two boys with wine and cognac before raping them; and that when Dupré was about to be appointed auxiliary bishop, he contacted the men and told them he would not accept the position unless they remained quiet. The two men agreed to remain silent, and kept in touch with Dupré after he was appointed Ordinary Bishop. Dupré sent to one oy them birthday and holiday cards, and would occasionally give him money. In December 2003, one of the accusers met with Dupré at a restaurant in Sturbridge, and said he regretted having had sexual relations with the bishop. Dupré did apologize but said that he believed the relationship was consensual, and told the man that he wanted to remain friends. One of the accusers, who is a homosexual, came forward with his claims after hearing Dupré speak out against the legalization of same-sex marriage. Dupré has been criticized for his handling of sex abuse allegations against priest Richard R. Lavigne (laicized on 20 November 2003), a convicted pedophile who is also a suspect in the murder of an altar boy. Lavigne pleaded guilty in 1992 to fondling two altar boys, and was suspected but never charged with crushing with a rock the skull of Danny Croteau, 13, and dumping his body in the Chicopee River on 15 April 1972. The boy's family believes Lavigne abused their son, and killed the child to stop him from reporting it.
1993 An independent UN-sponsored commission released a report blaming the bulk of atrocities
1993 Los andorranos se pronuncian en referéndum a favor (72%) de su primera Constitución, que establece instituciones democráticas.
1992 Soviet newspaper Pravda suspends publication. [and that's the truth]
1991 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
1991 Speakers at a Los Angeles Police Commission hearing demanded the ouster of Chief Daryl F. Gates in the wake of the videotaped police beating of motorist Rodney King.
| 1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's
Comet (605 km)
1951 During Korean War, UN forces recapture Seoul.
1947 El Senado estadounidense aprueba el Plan Marshall.
Mannerheim issues Order of the Day Nr. 34. General Headquarters, 14 March 1940
Soldiers of the glorious Finnish army!
Peace has been concluded between Finland and Soviet Russia, a harsh peace in which Soviet Russia has been ceded nearly every battlefield on which you have shed your blood on behalf of everything we hold sacred and dear.
You did not want war; you loved peace, work and progress; but you were forced into a struggle in which you have achieved great deeds, deeds that will shine for centuries in the annals of history.
I have fought on many a battlefield, but never have I seen such warriors as you. I am as proud of you as if you were my own children; I am as proud of the man from the northern fells as of the son of Ostrobothnia's plains, of the Karelian forests, the hills of Savo, the fertile fields of Häme and Satakunta, the leafy glades of Uusimaa and Varsinais-Suomi. I am equally proud of the sacrifice of the factory worker and the poor crofter as of that of the wealthy.
With joy and pride my thoughts dwell on the women of the Lotta Svärd on their spirit of self-sacrifice and untiring work in myriad fields, work which has freed thousands of men to fight at the front. Their noble spirit has given inspiration and support to the army, and they have thoroughly earned our gratitude and respect.
A place of honor has also been earned by the thousands of workers who, often as volunteers and during air raids, have worked on their machines to provide the army with vital supplies, and those, too, who have labored unflinchingly under fire to strengthen our defensive positions. On behalf of our native land, I thank you all..
Ylipäällikkö marsalkka Mannerheimin päiväkäskystä n:o 34. Päämaja, 14.maaliskuuta.1940
Suomen kunniakkaan armeijan sotilaat!
Rauha on solmittu maamme ja Neuvosto-Venäjän välillä, ankara rauha, joka on Neuvosto-Venäjälle luovuttanut melkeinpä jokaisen taistelukentän, millä Te olette vuodattaneet vertanne kaiken sen puolesta, mitä me pidämme kalliina ja pyhänä.
Te ette tahtoneet sotaa, Te rakastitte rauhaa, työtä ja kehitystä, mutta Teidät pakotettiin taisteluun, jossa olette tehneet suurtöitä, tekoja, jotka vuosisatoja tulevat loistamaan historian lehdillä.
Olen taistellut monilla tantereilla, mutta en ole vielä nähnyt vertaisianne sotureita. Olen ylpeä Teistä kuin olisitte omia lapsiani, yhtä ylpeä tunturien miehestä Pohjolassa kuin Pohjanmaan lakeuksien, Karjalan metsien, Savon kumpujen, Hämeen ja Satakunnan viljavien vainioiden, Uudenmaan ja Varsinais-Suomen lauhojen lehtojen pojista. Olen ylpeä uhrista, jonka tarjoaa tehdastyöläinen ja köyhän majan poika siinä kuin rikaskin.
Ilolla ja ylpeydellä ajattelen Suomen lottia ja heidän osuuttaan sodassa heidän uhrimieltään ja uupumatonta työtään eri aloilla, mikä on vapauttanut tuhansia miehiä tulilinjoille. Heidän jalo henkensä on kannustanut ja tukenut armeijaa, jonka kiitollisuuden ja arvonannon he ovat täysin saavuttaneet.
Kunniapaikalla ovat myös sodan ankarana aikana seisoneet ne tuhannet työläiset, jotka, usein vapaaehtoisina, ilmahyökkäystenkin aikana ovat tehneet työtä koneittensa ääressä valmistaen armeijalle sen tarpeita, sekä ne, jotka herpaantumatta vihollisen tulessa ovat työskennelleet asemien varustamisessa. -Kiitän heitä isänmaan puolesta.
Ur överbefälhavare, marskalk Mannerheims dagorder nr. 34 Huvudstaben den 14 mars 1940
Soldater av Finlands ärorika armé!
Fred har slutits mellan vårt land och Sovjet-Ryssland, en hård fred som till Sovjet utlämnat så gott som varje slagfält, på vilket ni gjutit ert blod för allt vad vi skatta dyrt och heligt.
Ni ville ej kriget, ni älskade freden, arbetet och framåtskridandet, men kampen blev er påtvingad. I den har ni uträttat storverk, som för sekler framåt skall stråla på hävdens blad.
Jag har kämpat på många slagfält, men jag har ännu ej sett er like som krigsmän. Jag är stolt över er som om ni vore mina egna barn, lika stolt över mannen från tundrorna i norr som över sönerna från Österbottens vida slätter, Karelens skogar, Savolax leende bygder, Tavastlands och Satakundas rika gårdar, Nylands och Egentliga Finlands björkomsusade hagar. Jag är lika stolt över fabriksarbetaren och den fattiga stugans son som över den rike mannens insats av lem och liv.
Med glädje och stolthet tänker jag på Finlands lottor och deras insats i kriget deras offervilja och oförtrutna arbete på olika områden, vilket frigjort tusentals män till stridslinjerna. De har med sin upphöjda anda sporrat och stött armén, vars tacksamhet och uppskattning de till fullo förvärvat.
En hederspost har de tusentals arbetare beklätt, vilka under krigets bittra tid troget och ofta som frivilliga under flyganfall stått vid sina maskiner förfärdigande material för arméns behov, samt de vilka oförtrutet under fiendens eld arbetat vid befästningsarbeten.Jag tackar er alla på fosterlandets vägnar.
THE WINTER WAR,
The heavily outnumbered Finns put up a skillful and effective defense that winter, and the Red Army made little progress. In February 1940, however, the Soviets used massive artillery bombardments to breach the Mannerheim Line (the Finns' southern defensive barrier stretching across the Karelian Isthmus), after which they streamed northward across the isthmus to the Finnish city of Viipuri (Vyborg). Unable to secure help from Britain and France, the exhausted Finns made peace on Soviet terms on 12 March 1940, agreeing to the cession of western Karelia and to the construction of a Soviet naval base on the Hanko Peninsula.
|1939 Nazis dismember the republic of Czechoslovakia.
Tras la entrada de tropas alemanas en Checoslovaquia, se proclama
la independencia de Eslovaquia.
1937 Pio XI se pronuncia contra el nazismo en su encíclica Mit brenender Sorge (En mi angustiosa inquietud).
1936 Detención en Madrid de José Antonio Primo de Rivera, por "quebrantamiento de clausura gubernativa" del local de Falange.
1933 Civilian Conservation Corp, begins tree conservation.
1916 I Guerra Mundial: Los alemanes toman por asalto las alturas del "Mort-Homme", frente a Verdún.
1912 El rey de Italia es herido en Roma por un anarquista.
1900 US Congress ratifies the Gold Standard Act.
1863 Confederate batteries at Port Hudson, Louisiana fire on a Union squadron sinking USS Mississippi but USS Albatross and USS Hartford run the Port Hudson gantlet
1862 New Bern, North Carolina captured
1862 Union forces capture New Madrid, Missouri.
1861 La Cámara de Diputados italiana, reunida en Turín, proclama el Estado Unitario de Italia.
1713 Se firma el Tratado de Rastadt, acuerdo entre España, Inglaterra y Austria que pone fin a la guerra de Sucesión española.
1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
1629 Royal charter granted Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1519 Hernán Cortés desembarca en las costas del Golfo de México con 700 hombres para emprender la conquista del país.
2006 Eight persons after the failure of 150 m of the private earthen Kaloko Reservoir dam (13 m high, 270 m wide), on Kauai Island, Hawaii, after days of heavy rains. One million cubic meters of water pour out and engulf two houses. — (060315)
2005 Three prison guards: Edgardo Dajay, 50; Rogelio "Juan" dela Cruz; and Amadeo Salapati; and two of the Abu Sayyaf prisoners at Camp Bagong Diwa in Bicutan, Taguig, Manila, the Philippines, who, at 06:30 (22:30 UT 13 March) take weapons from guards and attempt an escape, which fails, but they take over the prison until the next day, when a police assault kills 22 of the prisoners, mostly Abu Sayyaf members.
2004 Two of the firemen fighting a fire that broke out in the Manezh in Moscow, Russia, minutes after polls closed in the presidential election. [< photo]. The low, colonnaded Manezh, an equestrian school for military officers that was opened in 1817, is just outside the Kremlin's western wall. It is used for frequent exhibitions and trade fairs and is considered one of Moscow's most precious historic monuments.
2004 A number of Palestinian victims of missiles fired from Israeli helicopters in Gaza City.
2004:: 10 Israelis and suicide bombers Nabil Saoud, 17, and Mohammed Salem, 17, at the port of Ashdod, Israel. One of the explosions is just outside the main gate at 17:00 (15:00 UT), the second at a workshop inside the port at 17:10 (15:10 UT). At least 14 persons are wounded. If the explosions had been next to tanks of bromide or other dangerous chemicals stored in the port, the casualties would have been much more numerous. The bombers, sent by Fatah and by Iz a Din al-Kassam (the Hamas fighters), were classmates in eleventh grade at a high school in the Jabalya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.
2003 Ed Murphy, 46, at 23:50 struck by propeller of Cessna 172 while he was removing the block from under the nose wheel, at the Richmond International Airport in Virginia. He was a sports reporter for The News Journal in Wilmington, Delaware, and was about to leave as a passenger on the private plane piloted by News Journal photographer Gary Emeigh.
2003 Jean-Luc[ien] Lagardère [1995 photo >], French, of a rare neurological disease affecting the immune system. Born on 10 February 1928, he built up one of France's largest conglomerates, Groupe Lagardère, which has been headed since 2001 by his only son, Arnaud.
2003 Deputy Superintendent of Police Manjeet Singh, and head constable Manohar Lal, after being hit at about 14:45 by bullets from three or four Muslim terrorists holed up in a hotel in Poonch town, Indian-occupied Kashmir, who are fighting with besieging police since 11:25.
2003 Amanda Davis, 32 [< photo], her mother Francie Davis, 59, and her father, Dr. James Davis, 63, who was piloting the Cessna 177 Cardinal plane which crashes into a mountain 29 km from Asheville NC, while taking Amanda on a publicity tour for her first novel, Wonder When You'll Miss Me (18 Feb 2003), first-person narrative of a young woman, Faith Duckle, who makes a difficult journey from schoolyard outcast to trapeze artist in a circus. Her other writings include Circling the Drain (1999), a collection of 15 short stories, mostly concerning young women dealing with loss.
2002 Israelis St.-Sgt. Matan Biderman, 21, of Carmiel; St.-Sgt. Ala Hubeishi, 21, of Julis; and Sgt. Rotem Shani, 19, of Hod Hasharon, on the Karni-Netzarim road in the Gaza Strip, by an explosive charge detonated by remote-control from a nearby mosque beneath their tank escorting a civilian convoy. Two Israeli soldiers are injured.
2001 Aleobiga Aberima, 23, shot at his request to check the effectiveness of the bulletproofing treatment by a herb concoction which he and some 15 others had applied for two weeks, as prescribed by the jujuman of their village of Lambu, Ghana. The villagers then beat up the jujuman until a village elder rescues him.
1995 William Alfred Fowler, US nuclear astrophysicist, born on 09 August 1911, who, with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar [19 Oct 1910 – 21 Aug 1995], won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 for his role in formulating a widely accepted theory of element generation.
1992 Steven Brian Pennell, 34, first executed in Delaware in 45 years
1989 Más de 50 muertos y unos 150 heridos es una de las jornadas más sangrientas de la guerra civil en el Líbano.
1980 All 87 persons aboard a Polish airliner which crashes while making an emergency landing near Warsaw. The dead include 22 members of a US amateur boxing team.
1946 José Antonio Saldías, novelista y dramaturgo argentino.
1883 Karl Heinrich Marx, in London, German author of "The Communist Manifesto", born on 05 May 1818.
1877 Juan Manuel de Rosas, born on 30 March 1793, military and political leader of Argentina, who was governor (1835–1852) of Buenos Aires with dictatorial powers.
1752 Charles-Antoine Coypel, French artist born on 11 July 1694. MORE ON COYPEL AT ART 4 JULY with links to images.
1730 Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen II, Flemish artist born on 04 April 1664.
1702 The victims of an earthquake in Benevento, Italy, which already has suffered the earthquake of 05 June 1688, and is the see of the diocese of which Cardinal Pietro Francesco Orsini [02 Feb 1649 – 23 Feb 1730] is the bishop since 1686. On 29 May 1724 he would become Pope Benedict XIII. —(080923)
1671 Willem Eversdyck, Dutch artist.
1410 Luca Aretino Nicolo de Piero Lorenzo Spinelli, Italian artist born between 1330 and 1346.
0968 Santa Matilde.
1943 Elson Bakili Muluzi, político malauiano.
1937 Baltasar Porcel Pujol, escritor español.
1929 Jordi Nadal Oller, historiador, profesor y escritor español.
1928 Frank Borman Gary Ind, astronaut (Gemini 7, Apollo 8), Eastern Airline president.
1920 Hank Ketcham, cartoonist ("Dennis the Menace").
1905 Raymond Aron, French sociologist, historian and political commentator who died on 17 October 1983.
1903 Adolph Gottlieb, US Abstract Expressionist painter who died on 04 March 1974. estadounidense.
1892 John Fulton Jack Folinsbee, US artist who died on 10 May 1972. MORE ON FOLINSBEE AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1889 Arturo Capdevila, poeta e historiador argentino.
1864 Kürschák, mathematician.
1864 John Luther Casey Jones, US railroad engineer (nicknamed from Cayce, Kentucky, where he had lived). He died after a loose bolt hit him in the neck at 03:52 on 30 April 1900 one hand on the brake control and the other on the whistle's of his locomotive, in a collision with a stopped freight train which extended past the siding into the main track, after telling his fireman Simon Webb to jump.[diagram >]. This was made famous in ballads (not particularly accurate) [the real story in detail]..
1862 Vilhelm Bjerknes, mathematician.
1854 Thomas Riley Marshall (D) 28th VP (1913-21)
1854 Paul Ehrlich Germany, bacteriologist (1908 Nobel prize for medicine; founded chemotherapy, discovered Salvarsan - a remedy for syphilis, developed antitoxin for diphtheria). He died on 20 August 1915.
1853 Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss Art Nouveau painter, who died on 19 May 1918. MORE ON HODLER AT ART 4 MAY with links to images.
1836 Jules-Joseph Lefebvre, French Academic painter who died on 24 February 1911. MORE ON LEFEBVRE AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1835 Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer and senator who died on 04 July 1910. On 05 September 1877, Mars came to a perihelic opposition approaching to within 56 million km of Earth.. Starting to observe Mars soon after that, at the Brera Observatory in Milan, Schiaparelli, using a telescope only 22 cm in diameter, made a map of Mars and named many previously unobserved features. He thought he glimpsed fine, straight lines visible when Earth's atmosphere was unusually still. When he reported his discovery, he used the Italian word canali (channels). But the word was translated into English as canals, artificially dug channels, and the "canals of Mars" were born. Many astronomers could not see the canals, whereas others drew maps showing hundreds. In the decades that followed Schiaparelli's discovery, many people assumed that the canals were real water courses built by an intelligent race on Mars to carry water from the polar caps to the lower latitudes. Much of this excitement was generated by Percival Lowell, a wealthy Bostonian who founded Lowell Observatory in 1894, principally for the study of Mars. He not only mapped hundreds of canals but also publicized his results. [See online book: The Planet Mars: A History of Observation and Discovery, particularly Chapter 5]
1814 Ferdinand Konrad Bellermann, German artist who died on 11 August 1889.
1804 Johann Strauss the Elder, Viennese violinist, composer (waltzes, Radetzky March). He died on 24 September 1849.
1794 Cotton gin is patented by Eli Whitney, it would revolutionize the US cotton industry.
1752 Paul Christiaen van Pol, Dutch artist who died on 21 May 1813.
1681 Georg Philipp Telemann Magdeburg, Germany, late baroque composer, who wrote both sacred and secular music but was most admired for his church compositions, which ranged from small cantatas to large-scale works for soloists, chorus, and orchestra. He died on 25 June 1767 in Hamburg.
of every 14 March:
— Santo Afrodisio
— Santo Arnaldo
— San León; s
— Santa Matilde.
Mom was trying to console Susie, whose dog had recently died. You know, it's not your fault that the dog died. I'm sure God took him up into heaven and right now is having a grand old time with him. Susie, still crying, said What would God want with a dead dog?