• US gets into Korean War... • Helen Keller is born... • Printemps de Prague... • Wobblies founded... • Cherbourg liberated... • Plane hijacked to Entebbe... • Mormon founders lynched... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Battle of Kennesaw Mountain... • Khe Sanh evacuation... • Battle of Adobe Walls... • Thurgood Marshall retires... • Smithson dies...
a 27 June:
2005 Craig A. Hutto, 16, of Lebanon, Tennessee, has his right leg amputated after, earlier in the day, a shark nearly severed it as Craig and two companions were fishing in chest-deep water 18 meters off Cape San Blas in the Florida Panhandle.
2002 The Israeli army publishes the photo of a Palestinian baby (who looks like he might have the same age as the al-Aqsa intifada, which began on 28 September 2000, after a provocative visit by Ariel Sharon to the Temple mount) wearing a suicide bomber's costume, with an explosive belt and a shaheed's red headband, removed from an album found in Hebron in his home, which the army later destroyed, because his father is a wanted terrorist, Nader Abu Turki, whose father, Redwan Abu Turki, later explained that the photo was taken at a rally at the university, just for the fun of it. The army did not allow reporters to go to the site because Hebron is a closed military zone. [Israeli troops have shot at ambulances and killed emergency medical personnel on the pretext that the Palestinian use ambulances in their attacks. Are Palestinian babies now going to be killed for a similar reason? The fact is that both Israelis and Palestinians have killed enemy babies of that age and younger, including those not yet born or being born, without punishing the killers or taking any measures to avoid the repetition of similar incidents.]
2002 In Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls (01-332) the US Supreme Court rules 5-to-4 that public middle and high schools can require drug tests for students in extracurricular activities such as choir or band without violating their privacy rights.
2002 In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (00-1751); Hannah Perkins School v. Simmons-Harris (00-1777); and Taylor v. Simmons-Harris (00-1779); the US Supreme Court rules 5-to-4 that the Constitution allows public money for tuition vouchers as long as parents have a choice among a range of religious and secular schools.
2001 The 189-member UN General Assembly unanimously adopts the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS at the end of a three-day special session the first ever on a health issue.
2001 US's ten worst intersections.
The US's most-dangerous traffic intersection is north of Miami in Pembroke Pines, Florida, the No. 1 US car insurer reports.
State Farm releases its top 10 "Most Dangerous" intersection list, which analyzes claims data in all 50 US states and the District of Columbia.
Philadelphia, Phoenix and Tulsa, Oklahoma, each had two intersections on the list, while Frisco, Texas, near Dallas, Metairie, Louisiana, near New Orleans, and Sacramento, California, each had one. The insurer compiled the list based on crashes that resulted in claims by its policy-holders in 1999 and 2000.
State Farm estimated there were 357 crashes over the two-year period at the Flamingo Road and Pines Boulevard intersection. The main problem there is traffic volume. The intersection handles some 200'000 cars per day.
Intersections on the top 10 list all meet appropriate design standards and are regulated by traffic lights. Traffic volume and driver error are two important factors in crashes.
Roosevelt Boulevard intersections at Red Lion Road and Grant Avenue in Philadelphia ranked second and third, while Seventh Street and Bell Road in Phoenix was fourth.
Memorial Drive intersections with 51st and 71st streets in Tulsa ranked fifth and sixth, while 19th Avenue and Northern Avenue in Phoenix was seventh.
State Highway 121 and Preston Road in Frisco, Texas, was eighth, Clearview Parkway and Veterans Memorial Boulevard in Metairie, Louisiana, was ninth, and Fair Oaks Boulevard and Howe Avenue in Sacramento was 10th.
| 2000 ["Physician, cure yourself" department]
The Steuben, Indiana, firestation is devastated by a fire, arson probably.
2000 US House of Representatives Republicans make a deal to allow direct sales of US food to Cuba for the first time in four decades.
2000 President Robert Mugabe's ruling party is assured a majority in Zimbabwe's new parliament despite historic gains by the opposition.
1996 President Clinton and other Group of 7 leaders meeting in Lyon, France, pledged solidarity against terrorism following a truck bombing in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 Americans.
1994. A la veille du second tour de l'élection présidentielle, Eltsine disparaît. Raison officielle: une extinction de voix. En fait, c'est sa troisième attaque cardiaque en un an.
| 1991 The US Supreme Court ruled that juries considering
life or death for convicted murderers may take into account the victim's
character and the suffering of relatives.
1990 NASA announced that a flaw in the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope was preventing the instrument from achieving optimum focus. victim's character and the suffering of relatives.
1990 Author Salman Rushdie, condemned to death as a blasphemer of Islam by Iran for his novel The Satanic Verses, contributes $8600 to help their earthquake victims
1989 Concluye en Madrid la cumbre de presidentes y jefes de Estado de la Comunidad Económica Europea, cuyo principal logro es el desbloqueo provisional del proceso de unificación monetaria y financiera.
1987 US Supreme Court Justice Powell retires
1986 In referendum, Irish uphold ban on divorce
1986 World Court rules US aid to Nicaraguan contras illegal
1985 Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, Calif., passed into history as officials decertified the road.
1983 Highest price paid for painting by a living artist: $960'200: Miró — links to images.
1981 Es aprobado el Estatuto de Autonomía de Castilla y León.
1980 US President Carter signs legislation reviving draft registration for 18-year-old males.
1977 5-4 Supreme Court decision allows lawyers to advertise
1977 Djibouti gains independence from France (National Day)
1977 Regresa a España Josep Tarradellas, presidente de la Generalitat de Cataluña en el exilio.
1973 President Richard Nixon vetoes a Senate ban on bombing Cambodia.
1973 Former White House counsel John W. Dean tells the Senate Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the Nixon White House.
1969 Patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a homosexual bar in New York's Greenwich Village, clash with police in an incident considered the birth of the gay rights movement.
1968 Printemps de Prague:
le Manifeste des Deux Mille Mots
Manifeste de deux milles mots ! Révolte des intellectuels Tchèques (à Prague) plus connue sous le nom de "Printemps de Prague" La période de libéralisation et de démocratisation du système socio-politique tchécoslovaque dite " Printemps de Prague " a été préparée dès le début des années soixante. L’économie planifiée à la soviétique ne convient pas à ce pays industrialisé, la production baisse. Les salaires aussi. Aussi en janvier 1965, une importante réforme économique réhabilite-t-elle les notions de rentabilité et de déconcentration ; mais ses effets sont limités par l’action des bureaucrates. Ces oppositions sont diverses mais soudées entre elles par le refus du stalinisme. La réforme économique et la liberté d’expression deviennent alors indissociables. Le Printemps de Prague commence en 1967 par une révolte des intellectuels. Les écrivains, réunis en congrès en mai-juin, réclament la liberté d’expression. Le pouvoir (Novotny est à la fois premier secrétaire du Parti communiste et président de la République), réagit de manière brutale. En octobre, les étudiants sont durement réprimés par la police alors qu’ils manifestaient pour des revendications matérielles ; Novotny traite de "nationaliste bourgeois slovaque" le secrétaire du Parti communiste slovaque, Alexander Dubcek, qui réclamait un plus grand contrôle des Slovaques sur leurs richesses. Novotny accumule les erreurs (tentative de coup de force déjouée par les officiers libéraux, visite intempestive d’un Brejnev rassuré par Dubcek).
Le 05 janvier 1968, le présidium élit Dubcek en remplacement de Novotny au premier secrétariat ; Dubcek s’entoure de centristes prudents, double le présidium d’une "commission préparatoire" émanant de la base et organise des conférences régionales. Novotny attaque ouvertement, devant les ouvriers, les "forces de droite" et les intellectuels, ce qui porte le débat dans les usines où les techniciens et les vieux communistes font alliance avec les travailleurs, d’où les comités d’entreprise pour la liberté de la presse et la victoire des libéraux dans les syndicats.
Le 25 Feb, le général Sejna, ami intime du fils du président Novotny, s’enfuit aux États-Unis avec de l’argent volé et des documents. La mesure est comble : les syndicats et la jeunesse, forces les plus avancées, réclament la démission du président. Elle est obtenue le 22 mars ; une semaine plus tard Novotny est remplacé par Svoboda, vieux héros national, ami de l’URSS et victime des purges. L’équipe Dubcek abolit la censure, réhabilite les victimes des procès et prépare la transition de l’étatisation à la socialisation par un système de cogestion avec l’État ainsi que par la fédéralisation du pays ("Programme d’action du Parti communiste tchécoslovaque" adopté en avril), la "révolution froide" du palais gagne la rue en passant par le remplacement des hommes du passé dans tous les corps intermédiaires.
Dès mars, les attaques des Soviétiques et de la République démocratique allemande, qui tentent de freiner Dubcek et de le couper des éléments les plus avancés, créent dans l’opinion un extraordinaire rassemblement autour des leaders du Printemps doués d’une personnalité souvent très attachante (Dubcek, Smrkovsky). Sous la pression de la "gauche" portée par l’opinion, le comité central décide de convoquer un congrès pour le 9 septembre, mais le lendemain de cette décision, les troupes du pacte de Varsovie commencent leurs manœuvres en Tchécoslovaquie.
Le 27 juin, une centaine de personnalités de toutes origines publient le Manifeste des Deux Mille Mots ; qui réclame la liquidation rapide de l’ancien régime et la mobilisation populaire contre les ennemis intérieurs et extérieurs dès avant l’été. Dubcek les laisse faire, tout comme il laisse s’organiser l’autogestion qui gagnera un tiers des entreprises, alors que la population accepte de travailler le samedi et de donner son or à la République. Des centaines d’associations culturelles, nationales, politiques naissent ou renaissent et s’affilient en grand nombre au Front national.
Le 17 juillet, Les dirigeants du Pacte de Varsovie écrivent une lettre d’admonestation, rappelant les Tchécoslovaques au monolithisme et leur enjoignant de se défaire des "antisocialistes" du parti. À la fin du mois, Dubcek accepte à Cierna et à Bratislava d’écarter les bêtes noires des Soviétiques — les responsables des moyens de communication de masse, de l’économie et du ministère de l’Intérieur — ainsi que de rétablir une censure partielle. Le 20 août au soir et les jours suivants, 600'000 hommes envahissent le pays. La résistance passive de toute la population les oblige à passer un compromis avec Dubcek (accords de Moscou du 16 octobre). Progressivement, les "normalisateurs" gagnent de l’influence dans l’appareil du parti et de l’État.
Le 17 avril 1969, le contre-printemps froid est réussi : les hommes de 1968, Dubcek en tête, perdent leurs fonctions. Une chape de plomb s’étend de nouveau sur la Tchécoslovaquie. Pour 20 ans. Mais comme le confient les intellectuels à la presse occidentale, la Tchécoslovaquie a connu quelques secondes d’ineffable ivresse !
1968 US forces begin to evacuate Khe
The US command in Saigon confirms that US forces have begun to evacuate the military base at Khe Sanh, 23 km south of the Demilitarized Zone and 10 km from the Laotian border. The command statement attributed the pullback to a change in the military situation. To cope with increased North Vietnamese infiltration and activity in the area, Allied forces were adopting a more "mobile posture," thus making retention of the outpost at Khe Sanh unnecessary. The new western anchor of the US base system in the northern region would be located 10 miles east of Khe Sanh.
The siege of Khe Sanh during the 1968 Tet Offensive had been one of the most publicized battles of the war because of the similarities it shared with the battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, in which the communist Viet Minh forces had decisively defeated the French and forced them from the war. Many in the US media had portrayed the battle for Khe Sanh as potentially "another Dien Bien Phu." The battle began on 22 January with a brisk firefight involving the 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines and a North Vietnamese battalion entrenched between two hills northwest of the base. An incessant barrage kept Khe Sanh's Marine defenders which included three battalions from the 26th Marines, elements of the 9th Marine Regiment, and the South Vietnamese 37th Ranger Battalion pinned down in their trenches and bunkers.
During the 66-day siege, US planes, dropping 5000 bombs daily, exploded the equivalent of five Hiroshima-sized atomic bombs in the area. The relief of Khe Sanh, called Operation Pegasus, began in early April as the 1st Cavalry (Airmobile) and a South Vietnamese battalion approached the base from the east and south, while the Marines pushed westward to re-open Route 9. The siege was finally lifted on 06 April, when the cavalrymen linked up with the 9th Marines south of the Khe Sanh airstrip. In a final clash a week later, the 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines drove enemy forces from Hill 881 North. Gen. William Westmoreland, commander of US Military Assistance Command Vietnam, contended that Khe Sanh played a vital blocking role at the western end of the Demilitarized Zone, and asserted that if the base had fallen, North Vietnamese forces could have outflanked Marine defenses along the buffer zone.
Various statements in the North Vietnamese Communist Party newspaper suggested that Hanoi saw the battle as an opportunity to re-enact its famous victory at Dien Bien Phu. There was much controversy over the battle at Khe Sanh, as both sides claimed victory. The North Vietnamese, although they failed to take the base, claimed that they had tied down a lot of US combat assets that could have been used elsewhere in South Vietnam. This is true, but the North Vietnamese failed to achieve the decisive victory at Khe Sanh that they had won against the French at Dien Bien Phu. For their part, the Americans claimed victory because they had held the base against the North Vietnamese onslaught. It was a costly battle for both sides. The official casualty count for the Battle of Khe Sanh was 205 Marines killed in action and over 1,600 wounded (this figure did not include the US and South Vietnamese soldiers killed in other battles in the region). The US military headquarters in Saigon estimated that the North Vietnamese lost between 10'000 and 15'000 men in the fighting at Khe Sanh.
1963 Henry Cabot Lodge is appointed US ambassador to South Vietnam. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunkers was to de-escalate the Vietnam conflict without losing the war.
1960 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
1957 La empresa Seat pone a la venta el coche seiscientos.
1954 first atomic power station opens (Obninsk, near Moscow, Russia)
1954 CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala.
1950 Truman orders troops to Korea:
The UN Security Council calls on members for troops to aid South Korea and US President Harry Truman sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam and authorizes the deployment of US troops to South Korea after an agreement to combine forces was made with the UN Two days earlier, Communist North Korean troops had stormed across the 38th parallel in an unexpected invasion of South Korea. In the opening months of the war, the US-led UN forces rapidly advanced against the North Koreans, but in October, Chinese Communist troops entered the fray, throwing the Allies into a general retreat. In 1953, a peace agreement was signed, ending the war and reestablishing the 1945 division of Korea that still exists today. US casualties in the Korean War were 170'000 killed, wounded, or missing in action. Truman"s statement:
In Korea the Government forces, which were armed to prevent border raids and to preserve internal security, were attacked by invading forces from North Korea. The Security Council of the United Nations called upon the invading troops to cease hostilities and to withdraw to the Thirty-eighth Parallel. This they have not done, but on the contrary have pressed the attack. The Security Council called upon all members of the United Nations to render every assistance to the United Nations in the execution of this resolution.
|1950 Truman: ce n'est pas le moment de discuter
sur Taï-Wan ^top^
En 1945, les Américains avaient libéré la Chine de l’occupation Japonaise. Les forces américaines permettent à l’armée chinoise du général Chiang-Kaï-Shek d’occuper l’île de Taï-wan mais les garnisons américaines ne doivent pas partir. En Chine, c’est la lutte entre les forces communistes populaires et les socialistes et les libéraux, entre les partisans de Mao et ceux de Chiang-Kaï-Shek, général héros de la Résistance, puissant seigneur de la guerre. En 1947, une épuration sanglante des forces communistes tuent plus de 10'000 opposants rien que sur l’île de Taï-wan. En 1949, le général Chiang-Kaï-Shek décide de se retirer sur l’île pour échapper aux forces communistes qui gagnent du terrain sur la Chine continentale. Il reçoit l’aide politique et financière des Américains qui en font une base avancée en Mer de Chine.
En 1950, éclate la guerre de Corée. Les Américains en profitent pour renforcer leur présence et leur contrôle. Le 27 Juin 1950 le président Truman prend une décision "immédiatement exécutive": le sort de Taï-Wan ne sera discuté qu’une fois la Paix revenue. Parallèlement, la menace de l’emploi de la Bombe Atomique dans la guerre de Corée refroidit les Communistes Chinois, qui prennent des positions moins tranchées. La VI° flotte américaine s’installe en force dans le détroit de Formose. Formose est neutralisée.
En 1954, à la fin de la guerre de Corée, un traité est signé entre les E.U. et Formose ainsi qu’avec la Corée du Sud pour leur garantir l’appui militaire, politique et financier du "gendarme du monde". On en arrive ainsi à une situation absurde, burlesque, mais hélas tragique. Sous prétexte de garantir la "Liberté" du monde non communiste, Taï-Wan est intégrée "de force" dans le système géo-politique américain d’encerclement de la Chine populaire. Ce "cordon sanitaire" se compose de régimes autoritaires, dictatoriaux, impopulaires, minoritaires, refusant toute opposition et largement subventionnés par les Américains : Corée du Sud, Vietnam du Sud, Philippines, Thaïlande et Taï-Wan. Comme dans les républiques "bannanières" de l’Amérique du Sud, le sang coule à flots à chaque velléité de libéralisation.
Une des conséquences de cetet situation, c’est que la Chine nationaliste (Taï-Wan) reçut le siège chinois à l’ONU, empêchant ainsi la Chine Populaire (Pékin) d’y siéger. Régulièrement des pays demandaient l’entrée de la Chine à l’ONU. Les Américains jugeaient leurs alliés (et donc les récipiendaires de leurs aides financières) à leur vote "Pour ou Contre" le maintien de Taï-Wan.
Pour rappel, l’île est à peine plus grande que la Belgique (36'000 km²) ; montagneuse, elle comporte de riches plaines littorales. Elle abrite plus de 20 millions d’âmes et possède un revenu national brut des plus élevés, non seulement en Asie, mais aussi dans le monde. C’est le deuxième pays au monde pour la plus forte réserve de devises. Son industrie est d’une efficacité et d’un dynamisme difficiles à suivre. Mais les inégalités de revenus sont criantes et le système politique, quoique "démocratique" n’a pas toujours le même sens de la démocratie que les Occidentaux. La capitale est Taïbei ou Taïpei, une agglomération de plus de 5 millions d’habitants.
En 1978, le premier rapprochement sino-américain (ou américano-chinois) isole Taï-Wan qui perd son siège à l’ONU au profit de la Chine. Dans les années suivantes, la Chine Populaire parviendra à éliminer Taï-Wan de toutes les organisations internationales (F.M.I. Banque Internationale, Unesco …).
1950 UN approves armed force to repel North Korea
Just two days after communist North Korean forces invaded South Korea, the United Nations Security Council approves a resolution put forward by the United States calling for armed force to repel the North Korean invaders. The action provided the pretext for US intervention in the conflict and was the first time the Security Council had ever approved the use of military force. On 25 June 1950, communist North Korea invaded South Korea. Although some US military personnel were in South Korea, the North Korean forces made rapid headway. Almost immediately, the UN Security Council issued a resolution calling for a cease-fire and an end to North Korean aggression. North Korea dismissed the resolution as "illegal."
On 27 June Warren Austin, the US representative on the Security Council, proposed a resolution. It noted that North Korea had ignored the earlier cease-fire resolution and that South Korea was pleading for assistance. Therefore, the resolution asked that "the members of the United Nations furnish such assistance to the Republic of Korea as may be necessary to repel the armed attack and to restore international peace and security in the area." The resolution passed by a vote of 7 to 1. Yugoslavia was the only dissenting vote; Egypt and India abstained. The Soviet Union, as a permanent member of the Security Council, could have easily vetoed the resolution, but the Russian representative was boycotting Security Council meetings until the communist People's Republic of China was admitted to the United Nations.
The Security Council vote meant that any member nation could now come to the assistance of South Korea, though it left unstated how the efforts of various nations might be coordinated. For the United States, the resolution was all that was needed to provide a foundation for US military intervention. Just three days after the resolution was passed, President Harry S. Truman dispatched land, sea, and air forces to beat back the North Korean attack. That action led to three years of US involvement in the Korean War and over 50'000 US servicemen were killed in the conflict. An armistice signed in July 1953 left Korea a divided nation.
| 1949 Se crea el Instituto Nacional de Industria, que
potenció la industria española y fue suprimido 46 años después.
1948 Las potencias occidentales deciden establecer un puente aéreo para asegurar el abastecimiento de Berlín.
1942 The Allied Convoy PQ-17 leaves Iceland for Murmansk and Archangel.
1941 II Guerra Mundial. Hungría declara la guerra a la URSS.
1940 USSR returns to the Gregorian calendar
| 1934 El rey de Arabia y el imán del Yemen ponen fin
a la prolongada guerra del desierto.
1934 In the US, the National Housing Act is enacted as one of several economic recovery measures. It provides for the establishment of a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to be headed by a Federal Housing Administrator. This agency encouraged banks, building and loan associations, etc. to make loans for building homes, small business establishments, and farm buildings. If the FHA approved the plans, it would insure the loan. In 1937 Congress passed another National Housing Act that enabled the FHA to take control of slum clearance.
1924 Democrats offer Mrs. Leroy Springs the US vice presidential nomination, the first woman considered for the job.
1923 Yugoslav Premier Nikola Pachitch is wounded by Serb attackers in Belgrade
1922 Newberry Medal first presented for kids literature (Hendrik Van Loon)
1918 Two German pilots are saved by parachutes for the first time.
1915 38ºC, Fort Yukon, Alaska (state record)
1914 US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia
1905 The battleship Potemkin succumbs to a mutiny on the Black Sea. Se amotina la tripulación del acorazado ruso Potemkin, en Sebastopol, refugiándose el buque en el puerto rumano de Constanza.
1894 Le président Sadi Carnot vient d'être assassiné par un anarchiste. Par 451 voix sur 853 votants, Jean Casimir-Perier celui qui a imposé ces lois pour lutter contre l'anarchie, que l'opposition républicaine de gauche a qualifié de "lois scélérates", est élu président de la République.
1893 The New York stock market crashes.
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1847 New York and Boston are linked by telegraph wires.
1833 Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury Connecticut. The academy is eventually closed.
1806 Buenos Aires captured by British
1801 Tras la batalla de Alejandría, los franceses capitulan en Egipto ante los ingleses y regresan a Francia.
1706 Ante el sesgo que toma la guerra de sucesión en España, se anuncia el traslado de la Corte de Madrid a Burgos.
1660 El poeta y escritor inglés John Milton, autor de El Paraíso perdido, es condenado a la cárcel por el Parlamento.
1629 Paz de Alés, que puso fin a la segunda sublevación de los hugonotes franceses y los anuló como grupo político.
1299 In his encyclical 'Scimus fili,' Pope Boniface VIII claimed that Scotland owed allegiance to the Catholic Church. However his most serious problems came from the French king Philippe le Bel.
0678 Saint Agatho begins his reign as Pope
2006 Brennan Larson, 24; Kristen Yoder, 21, and her brother, Dustin Yoder, 23; US hikers who fall into a crevice 700 meters below the 5999-meter-altitude peak of glacier-covered mount Artesonraju in Peru. They had started their hike the previous day. Their corpses are found on 02 July 2006. — (060704)
2006 Ángel Maturino Reséndiz “The Railway Killer”, by lethal injection in Texas. He was born Ángel Leoncio Reyes Recendis on 01 August 1959 (1960?), in Mexico. He murdered some 15 persons living near railroad tracks, including the following 12:
_ in July 1991, Michael White, in San Antonio, Texas.
_ on 23 March 1997: Jesse Howell, 19; and his fiancée Wendy VonHuben, 16; in Ocala, Florida.
_ on 29 August 1997, in Lexington, Kentucky, Christopher Maier, 21. Reséndiz raped and beat nearly to death Maier's girlfriend Holly Dunn.
_ on 04 October 1998, in Hughes Springs, Texas, Leafie Mason, 81.
_ on 17 December 1998, in West University Place, Texas, Claudia Benton [15 May 1959–].
_ on 02 May 1999, in Weimar, Texas, Norman J. Sirnic, 46; and Karen Sirnic, 47.
_ on 04 June 1999, in Houston, Texas, Noemi Dominguez, 26; and near there, in Fayette County, Josephine Konvicka, 73.
_ on 15 June 1999, in Gorham, Illinois, George Morber Senior, 80 years old, and Carolyn Frederick, 52 — (060629)
2006 Sedley Alley, born on 16 August 1955, executed by lethal injection in Tennessee, for the rape, and murder of US Marine Lance Cpr. Suzanne Marie Collins [08 Jun 1966 – 12 Jul 1985]. — (060629)
2005 Shelby Foote, US historian and novelist, born on 17 November 1916.
2005 John T. Walton [1946–], as the kit-built CGS Hawk Arrow airplane that he is piloting crashes at 12:20 (18:20 UT) shortly after taking off from Jackson, Wyoming. He was the son of Wal-mart founder Sam Walton. He was the chairman of True North Partners, a venture capital firm. His fortune was estimated at $18.2 billion and, just behind his brother Samuel Robson Walton [1944~] ($18.3 billion), he was tied with his brother Jim C. Walton [1948~] as the 4th richest person in the US and the 11th richest person in the world.
2003 Palestinians [first name not available] al-Rul, 30; Mohammad al-Rul, 24; Zehariya Sa'idi; and Mohammed Abu Atiya; and Israeli Staff Sgt. Erez Ashkenazi [< photo], from Kibbutz Reshafim in the Beit She'an Valley, who was among troops attacking the al-Rul home in the Moraqa neighborhood of Gaza City, with the intention of arresting Amran al-Rul, Hamas activist, who, Israel says, has planned shooting and bomb attacks in the nearby enclave settlement Netzarim. But Amran al-Rul, father of Mohammad al-Rul, was not there. Sa'idi was a Hamas gunman. Atiya was a civilian in a nearby house. 15 Palestinians are wounded.
2003 Aviv Iskarov, 6, Israeli boy, soon after midnight, from injuries suffered from a motorcycle hitting him when he was crossing a road, in front of a car which had stopped for him, in Be'er Sheva, Israel, at 23:30 earlier in the night. There is no mention of why a 6-year-old would be out alone that late.
2002 Oleg Sedinko [photo >], by an explosion when he enters his apartment in Vladivostok, accompanied by a bodyguard, who is injured. Sedinko was one of the owners of the Novaya Volna (New Wave) television and radio company and a chain of movie theaters.
2002 Edilson Conde, 12, Juan Quenta, 18, Amador Conde Mendieta, 37, Ramiro Máximo Bautista, 23, Adela Mita de Huayta, 35, Yamil Huayta Mita, 7, Tamaris Huayta Mita, 11, Néstor Camacho, 24, Kevin Camacho, 2, Rubén Camacho, 2, Elisa Camacho Leanca, 33, Dennis Corrales Camacho, 9, Jhanet Corrales, 17, Édgar Llusko Trujillos, 29, Blanca Mamani Cori, 9, Celina Mamani Mamani, 35, Lucía Mamani Mamani, 38, Tomasa Vilca Ventura, 32, Rogelio Cachaca Huallpa, 37, Mario Ayllón Salas, 42, Marcelino Aguilar, 44, Claudio Rivero Céspedes, 36, 20 other passengers, and Rolando Ramírez Guarachi, 27, driver of a 38-seat Totaí bus, traveling at excessive speed on a mountain road from La Paz to Caranavi, which skids off a curve and falls 350 meters into a gorge near Challa (Yungas), Bolivia (112 km from La Paz). The 9 survivors are injured.
2002 John D. Worth, 66, of a heart aneurysm, US historian of Canada and Latin America, whose books include Identities in North America: The Search for Community and Smelter Smoke in North America: The Politics of Transborder Pollution.
2000 Pierre Pflimlin, político y primer ministro francés.
1999 George Papadopoulos, 80, Greece's 1967-74 military dictator, of cancer, in Athens.
1997 Leila al-Attar, 48, (and five other civilians) in US Tomahawk missile strike on Saddam Hussein's intelligence headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq (ordered by Clinton in retaliation for Iraq's involvement in a foiled car bomb plot to kill Bush on a visit to Kuwait). Al-Attar was a painter and head of Iraq's state institute for the arts. Iranians believe that she was targeted (she was not) because she oversaw the work on a portrait of a snarling George Bush Sr. [labeled BUSK IS CRIMINAL and something in Arabic] on the floor of the lobby of the Rashid Hotel (al-Attar had nothing to do with it). The mosaic portrait was the work of brothers Mohsen Tabani, then 45, and Majid Tabani, alone, in retaliation for an errant US missile which killed two in that lobby on 17 January 1993 [when Bush was still president].
1994 Seven persons, by sarin gas released in Matsumoto, west of Tokyo, by Aum Shinrikyo sect members in a parking lot across the street from a rest house where judges who were hearing a case against them are staying. 150 persons are injured. However, Japan’s authorities, hindered by constitutional protection of religious organizations, failed to arrest the sect's leader, Matsumoto Chizuo (“Shoko Asahara” to his followers), 39, or suppress his cult. During the 1980s, Chizuo, a self-styled Buddhist monk, begin winning numerous converts to his Aum Shinrikyo cult, a Japanese name that translated to the "True Teachings of Om." In 1989, Aum was recognized as a religious body and corporation in Japan. On 20 March 1995, the sect would release sarin gas in the Tokyo subway, killing twelve persons.
1994 Salvador Victoria, pintor español.
1989 Alfred Jules Ayer, filósofo británico.
1975 Geoffrey Ingram Taylor, English mathematician born on 07 March 1886.
1970 Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, estadista portugués.
1957 More than 500 persons by Hurricane "Audrey" in coastal Louisiana and Texas.
1952 Max Wilhelm Dehn, German US mathematician born on 13 November 1878. He wrote one of the first systematic expositions of topology (1907) and later formulated important problems on group presentations, namely the word problem and the isomorphism problem.
1949 Alejandro Lerroux García, político español.
1946 Los 69 tripulantes del submarino español C-4, en aguas de las islas Baleares, por colisión con el destructor Lepanto.
1941 Jews burned alive in a synagogue in Bialystok, Poland, by the Nazis, just five days after they attacked the Soviet Union and seized the Soviet-occupied part of Poland.
1935 Eva Coo, executed in New York state in the electric chair.
1927 Thomas Jacques Somerscales, British painter born on 30 October 1842, active mostly in Chile. MORE ON SOMERSCALES AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1914 Bertha Von Suttner, escritora austriaca, Premio Nobel de la Paz 1905.
1910 Edouard Alexandre Sain, French artist born on 13 May 1830. [Would you believe this? There was a French artist named Sain / Who of critics had enough, / So he went to the Pont-Neuf, / Jumped off, and thus died in Seine.]
1883 William Spottiswoode, born on 11 January 1825, London mathematician, physicist, also a leading expert on European languages and on oriental languages.
1880 Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician born on 22 February 1817. He did important research on the arithmetic geometric mean continuing work in this area by Gauss and Lagrange. He generalized results of Kummer [29 Jan 1810 – 14 May 1893] on equations determining the secular disturbances of the planets. In this work he used determinants and Sturm functions.
1862 Many Yanks and Rebs as the Confederates of Generals Robert E. Lee [19 Jan 1807 – 12 Oct 1870] and “Stonewall” Jackson [21 Jan 1824 – 10 May 1863] break through the Union lines of the V Corps of General Fitz-John Porter [31 Aug 1822 – 21 May 1901] at the Battle of Gaines' Mill (First Cold Harbor), the third of the Seven Days' Battles in Virginia.
1862 William Madigan, 36, in the Battle of Chickahominy in Gaines Mill, Virginia. Born in Boston, he was a captain in the Ninth Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, also known as the Irish North. He was known as a wit and every inch a gentleman, and a brave soldier. Madigan was a punster and a vocalist; could tell a pleasing story, or perpetrate a good joke. He was greatly beloved by his fellow officers. Massachusetts Governor John A. Andrew commissioned William Morris Hunt [21 Mar 1824 08 Sep 1879] to paint a posthumous military portrait of Madigan. It is one of several portraits of Civil War heroes by Hunt.
1641 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt, Dutch painter born on 01 May 1567.
1574 Giorgio Vasari, Italian Mannerist writer and painter born on 30 July 1511. MORE ON VASARI AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
0363 The death of Roman Emperor Julian brings an end to the Pagan Revival.
1940 Daniel Gray Quillen, US mathematician
1938 Bruce Babbitt, would grow up to be US Interior Secretary.
1936 John Shalikashvili, would grow up to be a US Army general and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
1934 Federal Savings and Loan Association is created.
1923 Paul F. Conrad Cedar Rapids Iowa, cartoonist (Pulitzer 1964, 1971, 1984) LINKS to images.
1919 Manuel Ballester Boix, investigador químico español.
1913 Philip Goldstein Guston, Canada-US Abtract Expressionist painter who died on 07 June 1980. MORE ON “GUSTON” AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1882 Eduard Spranger, German educator and philosopher who died on 17 September 1963.
1880 Henri Montassier, French artist who died in 1946.
1869 Emma Goldman, Lithuanian born US anarchist, feminist and birth control advocate who was deported to the Soviet Union for inciting World War I draft riots in New York. She died on 14 May 1940.
1850 Ivan Vazov Bulgaria, poet/novelist/playwright (Under the Yoke) [Vazov portrait on the 200-leva banknote current in the 1990s until December 1999 >] Sofia man of letters whose poems, short stories, novels, and plays are inspired by patriotism and love of the Bulgarian countryside and reflect the main events in his country's history. He died on 22 September 1921. VAZOV ONLINE: (in Bulgarian) Apostolt v Sofia V Okopa Draski i Sharki Pod Igoto Chichovtsi Mitrofan i Dormidolski Nora Kardashev na Lov Nova Zemya Svetoslav Terter MORE
1850 Lafcadio Hearn US, journalist / author. HEARN ONLINE: Chita: A Memory of Last Island Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things translator of Chin Chin Kobakama
1850 Jorgen Pedersen Gram, Dane who grew up to be a mathematician best remembered for the Gram-Schmidt orthogonalisation process which constructs an orthogonal set of from an independent one. He was not however the first to use this method. The process seems to be a result of Laplace [23 Mar 1749 – 05 Mar 1827] and it was essentially used by Cauchy [21 Aug 1789 – 23 May 1857] in 1836. Gram died on 29 April 1916.
1846 Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish nationalist member of British Parliament (1875-91) who died on 06 October 1891.
1838 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bengali novelist (Anandamath)
1838 Paul Mauser, armero alemán.
1806 Augustus De Morgan, one-eyed British mathematician who died on 18 March 1871. In 1838 he introduced the term “mathematical induction” putting a process that had been used without clarity on a rigorous basis. Author of Elements of arithmetic (1830), 712 articles for The Penny Cyclopedia, The Differential and Integral Calculus, Trigonometry and double algebra.
1767 Alexis Bouvard, French astronomer and director of the Paris Observatory, who died on 07 June 1843. [Was he fictionalized in Flaubert's Bouvard et Pécuchet?]
1682 Charles XII king of Sweden (1697-1718)
1667 Ignace Jacques Parrocel, French artist who died in 1722.
1550 Charles IX king of France (1560-74)
1462 Louis XII (the Just) king of France (1498-1515)
From Maxim O'Ronn's Illustrated Dixshunnary: