a 24 June:
2005 Presidential runoff election in Iran, which is of little importance, since the country is ruled by the dictatorship of the “Supreme Leader”, the ayatollah Ali Khamenei [15 Jul 1939~]. Anyhow the election is rigged to insure the “victory” of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the candidate most subservient to the Supreme Leader.
2003 On the New York Stock Exchange, 7.5 million of the 43 million shares of USG are traded, rising from their previous close of $13.03 to an intraday high of $18.08 and closing at $17.60. They had traded as low as $3.78 as recently as 24 February 2002 and as high as $64.31 on 19 April 1999. — [5~year price chart >] — USG Corporation is a manufacturer and distributor of building materials, producing a range of products for use in new residential, new nonresidential and repair and remodel construction, as well as products used in certain industrial processes.
2002 In Ring v. Arizona (01-488), the US Supreme Court, 7 to 2, overturns the death sentences of 168 convicted murderers, ruling that juries and not judges must make sentencing decisions, in line with its 26 June 2000 Apprendi v. New Jersey (99-478) ruling that juries, not judges, must decide whether to add 2 years to a prison sentence for a hate crime.
2002 After an 8-week trial in a Federal court, Providence, Rhode Island, still-popular Mayor Vincent A. Buddy Cianci Jr. is convicted of racketeering conspiracy, together with his former chief of staff Frank E. Corrente and auto-body shop owner Richard Autiello, for the thousands of dollars in bribes Cianci received in exchange for city jobs, contracts and leases after he returned to office in 1990. A former Republican who is now an independent, Cianci has been Providence's mayor since 1974, except for 1984 to 1990 as a popular local radio host, after he pleaded no contest to beating his estranged wife's lover with a fireplace log and got a five-year suspended sentence.
2002 Date by which most of the 3000 White farmers in Zimbabwe who have not already been killed, harassed into fleeing, or expropriated are ordered by the Mugabwe government to stop farming. By 08 August 2002 they are to leave their properties.
2000 First US Presidential Webcast, in which Clinton announces the website http://www.firstgov.com/ which, within 90 days will centralize all US government information for the public.
2000 [Saturday] First of two days of Parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe.
| 1996 A jury orders the city of Philadelphia to pay $1.5
million in damages for the bombing of MOVE headquarters in 1985 that killed
1991 The US Supreme Court rules that the First Amendment did not shield news organizations from being sued when they publish the names of sources who had been promised confidentiality.
1986 US Senate approves "tax reform"
1982 US Equal Rights Amendment goes down to defeat
| 1970 US Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal the Gulf
of Tonkin Resolution.
1968 Deadline for redeeming US silver certificate dollars for silver bullion
1967 Pope Paul VI issues his Encyclical Sacerdotalis Caelibatus -- On the Celibacy of the Priest
1966 Period of relative peace following WW II exceeds that following WW I
1964 The Federal Trade Commission announces that starting in 1965, cigarette manufactures will be required to include warnings on their packaging about the harmful effects of smoking.
1963 Zanzibar granted internal self-government by Britain
1963 first demonstration of home video recorder, at BBC Studios, London
1948 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates NY governor Thomas Dewey as presidential candidate.
1941 President Franklin Roosevelt pledges all possible support to the Soviet Union. The ships of the doomed Allied convoy PQ-17 followed orders and began to disperse in the Arctic waters.
1940 Les Italiens occupent Menton -- Armistice entre la France et l'Italie (France signs an armistice with Italy during WW II) Italy's Breda Ba.65 was not the best ground-attack plane to see action in World War II, it may well have been the worst.
1932 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
1931 The Soviet Union and Afghanistan sign a treaty of neutrality.
1930 first radar detection of planes, Anacostia DC
1923 Straits Treaty
1913 Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace. In 1878, Bulgaria had no army. By 1913, it had one of the most formidable land forces in Europe.
1910 The Japanese army invades Korea.
1901 First art exhibit of Pablo Picasso [25 Oct 1881 – 08 Apr 1973] MORE AT ART 4 JUNE with links to many images.
| 1898 US troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas
1884 John Lynch is first black elected chairman of Republican convention
1864 Maryland abolishes slavery
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi (18 May 1863 – 04 July 1863) continues
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues
1861 Tennessee becomes 11th (and last) state to secede from US
1861 Federal gunboats attack Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia.
1858 Le ministère d'Algérie. Le prince Jérôme, cousin de Napoléon III, prend en charge le portefeuille du ministère de l'Algérie. Le 26 novembre 1860, le même ministère est dissous...
1821 Battle of Carabobo; Bolivar defeats royalists outside of Caracas
1813 Battle of Beaver DamBritish and Indian forces defeat US forces
| 1793 First republican constitution in France adopted
1662 Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day)
1540 Henry VIII divorces the 4th of his six wives, Anne of Cleves
1535 Anabaptists Protestants conquerered and disbanded
1527 King Gustavus of Sweden assembles the Diet of Wester's, for the purpose of carrying through the Protestant Reformation in Sweden.
1509 Henry VIII crowned King of England. Buckingham Palace is a symbol of strength and tradition.
1497 Italian explorer John Cabot, sailing in the service of England, lands in North America on what is now Newfoundland or the northern Cape Breton Island in Canada. He claims eastern Canada for England
1340 Défaite de l'Ecluse (Sluys). Parce que Jacques Van Artevelde a reconnu Edouard III d'Angleterre comme roi de France légitime, Philippe VI, qui a à sa disposition une puissante flotte, veut engager une bataille navale contre les Zélandais. Ses géniaux amiraux ont ancrés celle-ci dans le port de l'Ecluse près de Bruges. Les navires sont piègés et pris à l'abordage par les archers anglais. La flotte française est presque totalement détruite. The English fleet defeats the French fleet off the Flemish coast an Sluys.
1322 Jews are expelled from France
1314 Battle of Bannockburn; Scottish forces led by Robert I the Bruce win an overwhelming victory over Edward II of England. England's warrior-king Edward I won victories against such renowned foes as Baybars, Llewellyn and Wallace.
1190 Testatement de Philippe Auguste. Sur le point de partir avec Richard Coeur de Lion pour la troisième croisade, Philippe Auguste, ce jour, organise par un testament ce que doit être le gouvernement pendant son absence.
2005 Dr. Yasser Salihee, 30, driving his car towards a temporary checkpoint in Baghdad, Iraq, shot in the head by US Staff Sgt. Joe Romero, 32, of the Louisiana National Guard, 256th Combat Brigade, in Iraq. 10 minutes later the US soldiers move away, abandoning the corpse of Salihee in his car. Salihee was a Sunni physician, but he was working as a translator for Knight-Ridder newspapers — (060626)
2005 Six persons after the 22:00 (16:30 UT) collapse of the three-story Pushpanjali apartment building in which four families were living on 3rd Road, in Khar, a western suburb of Mumbai, India. Some 19'000 buildings in the Mumbai area are considered unsafe for living. A larger one would collapse on 23 August 2005, killing more persons.
2004 Some 110 persons, in multiple attack by Iraqi insurgents, mostly against police and officials who are puppets of the US-dominated occupiers, in Baqouba (4 car bombs), Mosul, Baghdad, Falloujah, Ramadi, Mahaweel, and other places. Some 320 persons are wounded.
2003 Iraqis Ghazi Moussa Hassan, 50, an ambulance driver;, and Tayseer Abd-ul Wahid, Abbas Qassem, and Hazim Sabhan, all in their twenties; and six UK military policemen, who were training Iraqi police, in attack by a furious mob of some 1000 Iraqis on a police station in Majar al-Kabir, Iraq; after UK paratroopers had withdrawn following house to house searches in which they had allegedly brutalized, humiliated, and offended the religion of Iraqis.
2002 Some 200 persons as a passenger train speeding backward downhill out-of-control for 30 minutes hits an oncoming cargo train in Igandu near Mpwapwa, Tanzania, at about 08:30. Some 800 are injured. All the passenger train's 22 coaches, except one second-class coach, derailed and overturned. As the passenger train was climbing the Fufu escarpment at Igandu to reach Dodoma, its engine failed. After mechanics fixed it, the train rolled backwards to test the engine, which failed again as well as the brakes. The engineer jumped off and suffered only minor injuries.
2002 Pierre Werner, 88 [photo >], conservative Christian Social People's Party prime minister of Luxembourg (1959-1974, 1979-1984), early proponent (1970) of a common European currency.
2002 Amr Kouffa, Yasser Rizak and two his brothers, another man, and one of drivers of the two taxis in which the victims are, attacked by Israeli Apache helicopter gunships in the Rafah area of the southern Gaza Strip, early in the day. Rizak, the main target, was Yasser Rizak, the Rafah-area commander of the Hamas military arm., of which Kouffa was a key activist.
2001 Osama Jawabri, 29, when a public telephone exploded while he was making a call. Jawabri regularly used the public pay phone, which was near his house on a square in central Nablus, West Bank. Jawabri was a member of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, which has killed Jewish settlers, and participated in attacks in the West Bank and Israel. He has long been sought by Israel.
2001 Budhwa Oraon, 50, and his wife, Baili Oraon, 55, beaten and their throats slit by a mob of villagers who accused them of practicing witchcraft, causing the death of some children, in the Lalganj area the state of Jharkhand, India.
1975: 113 persons as an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashes while attempting to land during a thunderstorm at New York's John F. Kennedy airport.
1973:: 32 persons in fire at the Upstairs Bar in New Orleans.
1964 Stuart Davis, US Abstract painter born on 07 December 1894. MORE ON DAVIS AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1938 Pedro Figari, Uruguayan artist born on 20 June 1861.
1922 Dr Walter Rathenau German foreign minister killed by anti-semites
1915 Some 800 die as excursion steamer Eastland capsizes in Chicago
1909 Sarah Orne Jewett, JEWETT ONLINE: The Country of the Pointed Firs , The King of Folly Island, and Other People, Tales of New England , A White Heron , Selected works and commentary
Lissajous was interested in waves and developed an optical method for studying vibrations. At first he studied waves produced by a tuning fork in contact with water. In 1855 he described a way of studying acoustic vibrations by reflecting a light beam from a mirror attached to a vibrating object onto a screen. Duhamel had tried to demonstrate these vibrations with a mechanical linkage but Lissajous wanted to avoid the problems caused by the linkage. He obtained Lissajous figures [Parametric Cartesian equation: x = a sin(nt + c), y = b sin(t) >] by successively reflecting light from mirrors on two tuning forks vibrating at right angles. The curves are only seen because of persistence of vision in the human eye. Lissajous studied beats seen when his tuning forks had slightly different frequencies, in this case a rotating ellipse is seen.
1877 Robert Dale Owen. OWEN ONLINE: A New View of Society
1870 Adam Lindsay Gordon. GORDON ONLINE: Ashtaroth: A Dramatic Lyric , Bush Ballads and Galloping Rhymes , Poems , Sea Spray and Smoke Drift
1832 Timofey Fedorovich Osipovsky, Russian mathematician born on 02 February 1765. His most famous work is A Course of Mathematics (3 volumes, 1801-1823).
1693 Isaac Willaerts, Utrecht Dutch painter born in 1620.
1913 Mario Servando Carreño, Cuban painter. MORE ON CARREÑO AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1909 William George Penney, English mathematician and nuclear physicist who died on 03 March 1991.
1883 Jean Metzinger, French Cubist painter, critic, and poet, who died on 03 November 1956. MORE ON METZINGER AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS with links to images.
1880 Oswald Veblen, US mathematician who died on 10 August 1960. He made important contributions to topology, and to projective and differential geometry. Author of The invariants of quadratic differential forms (1927) and of Projective relativity theory (1933).
1866 Giovanni Bartolena, Italian artist who died in 1942.
1865 Robert Henry Cozad “Robert Henri”, US painter and teacher who died on 12 July 1929.
1850 Horatio Herbert Kitchener England, original Order of Merit member.
1847 Joseph Noël Sylvestre, French artist who died on 08 November 1926.
1842 Ambrose Gwinnet Bierce US, satirist who wrote The Friend's Delight and The Devil's Dictionary. BIERCE ONLINE: Can Such Things Be?, Fantastic Fables, : My Favorite Murder, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
1839 Gustavus Franklin Swift, US business leader, founded Swift & Co. He died on 29 March 1903.
1831 Rebecca Blaine Harding (married name: Davis). HARDING ONLINE: Bits of Gossip, Frances Waldeaux , Life in the Iron-Mills
1771 E I Du Pont France, chemist/scientist (Du Pont)
1616 Ferdinand Janszoon van Bol, Dutch Baroque era painter who died on 24 July 1680. Ferdinand Bol Leaning on Window Sill (etching) by von Bartsch. Young Man in Velvet Cap (Ferdinand Bol) (etching) by Rembrandt. MORE ON VAN BOL AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1542: Juan de Yepes y Álvarez, better known as Saint John of the Cross. SAINT JOHN OF THE CROSS ONLINE: Ascent of Mount Carmel , Dark Night of the Soul, The Living Flame of Love, A Spiritual Canticle of the Soul and the Bridegroom Christ
1519 Theodore Beza, French-born Swiss theological reformer. Beza became the acknowledged leader of the Swiss Calvinists, following John Calvin's death in 1564.