• Adam Smith is born... • Bloodbath spreads in Beijing... • D~Day tomorrow... • Robert Kennedy fatally shot... • March Against Fear... • Marshall Plan... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Uncle Tom's Cabin... • UN peacekeapers massacred... • Keynes is born... • Battle of Piedmont... • Hound Dog... • US Secretary of Defense testifies on Vietnam... • Discoverer of Klondike gold dies... • Profumo resigns... • Removable car top... • Difference Engine's supporter...
a 05 June:
2003 Following Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer's 04 June memo to employees commenting that there is serious competion from Linux free software, 33 million of the 55 million shares of VA Software Corp. (LNUX), which makes such software, are traded on the NASDAQ, rising from their previous close of $1.50 to an intraday high of $2.74 and closing at $2.16. They had traded as low as $0.82 as recently as 17 April 2003 and $0.55 on 25 July 2002. and as high as $61.25 on 04 September 2000 and $242.88 on 13 December 1999. [3~year price chart >]
2002 Elizabeth Ann Smart, 14 [< photo], is abducted by a gunman shortly after 01:00, from the bedroom she shares with her sister Mary Katherine, 9, in the wealthy home of mortgage broker Edward Smart, at about 1500 E. Kristianna Circle (420 North) in the Federal Heights neighborhood of Salt Lake City. The other siblings are Charles, 17, Andrew, 12, Edward, 7, and William, 3. [photo: Elizabeth Smart in December 2000 >] (on this same day, in San Diego, the trial of David Westerfield, 50, begins, for the adbduction from her bedroom and 02 February 2002 murder of Danielle van Dam, 7, whose body was discovered on 27 February 2002.) Elizabeth Smart was born on 03 November 1987. A highly publicized search for her would go on for nine months. Richard Albert Ricci, 48, a handyman who had worked in the Smart home, would be considered a potential witness or suspect, though he denied knowing anything; he would be arrested for an unrelated parole violation, suffer a brain hemorrhage in jail on 27 August 2002, and die on 30 August 2002. In October 2002, Mary Katherine would tell her father that she now thinks that the abductor may have been “Emmanuel”. On 12 March 2003 Elizabeth Smart would be found alive and well, in the Salt Lake City of Sandy, 25 km from her home, accompanied by “Emmanuel” Brian David Mitchell, 49 [ photo below, right] (a drifter who had done 5 hours of work at the Smarts's home in November 2001 and who believes that he is a prophet who needs to preach to the homeless; he has no source of income other than handouts) and by Wanda Eileen Barzee, 57, Mitchell's wife. All three wear wigs and dark glasses, Elizabeth and Wanda are veiled..
2002 Civil servant Hidenori Iinuma's decomposed body is found in a discarded freezer. He had been reported missing in 1997 by his wife Akemi Iinuma, now 40, who is arrested on 06 June 2002 on suspicion of murder.
2002 Ngo Hoang Thao, 45, is sentenced to death (by firing squad) by the People's Court of Thai Binh province, Vietnam, for serving rat-poison-laced pork and tomatoes to his parents in December 2001 after a series of conflicts with them. The couple died immediately after eating.
2000 In Honiara, six armed rebels from the Malaita Eagle Force capture Prime Minister Bartholemew Ulufa'alu of the Solomons early in the morning and hold him hostage
1998 Etiopía y Eritrea inician una guerra abierta por los desacuerdos fronterizos.
1991 Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev delivered his delayed Nobel Peace lecture in Oslo, warning that Western failure to heed his call for economic aid could dash hopes for a peaceful new world order
1991 El pleno del Senado español aprueba el proyecto de ley por el que se crea el Consejo Económico y Social, órgano consultivo en materia socioeconómica y laboral.
1989 El filólogo Joan Corominas es galardonado con el Premio Nacional de las Letras, por sus investigaciones sobre las lenguas catalana y castellana.
1986 El Gobierno estadounidense autoriza la venta de una droga producida por la ingeniería genética para combatir la leucemia, llamada interferon.
1984 Indira Gandhi orders attack on Sikh's holiest site (Golden Temple)
1982 España ingresa en la OTAN.
1981 Center of Disease Control reports of a pneumonia affecting homosexuals (AIDS)
1981 Ronald Reagan decide la fabricación en Estados Unidos de la bomba de neutrones o bomba limpia.
1977 first personal computer, the Apple II, goes on sale
1977 Coup in Seychelles (National Day) Golpe de Estado en las Seychelles: el presidente Mancham es depuesto y el primer ministro asume el poder y establece un sistema socialista de partido único.
1975 Egypt reopens the Suez Canal to international shipping, on the 8th anniversary of the start of the 1967 6~Day War, because of which it had been closed since June 1967.
1968 Robert F. Kennedy fatally shot
At 00:50 PST, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, a presidential candidate, has just completed a speech celebrating his victory in the California Primary. As star athletes Rafer Johnson and Roosevelt Grier accompany Kennedy out a rear exit of the Ambassador Hotel, Palestinian Sirhan Bishara Sirhan stepped forward with a rolled up campaign poster, hiding his .22 revolver. He is only 30 cm away when he fires several shots at Kennedy. Five others are wounded. Wrestling Sirhan to the ground, Grier and Johnson take his gun away before anyone else is shot. Grier was distraught afterward and blamed himself for allowing Kennedy to be shot. Sirhan confessed to the crime at his trial and received a death sentence on 24 April 1969. However, since the Supreme Court invalidated all death penalty sentences in 1972, Sirhan will spend the rest of his life in prison. He has never provided a clear explanation for why he targeted Bobby Kennedy. Hubert Humphrey ended up running for the Democrats in 1968 and lost by a small margin to Nixon. ,
Kennedy, critically wounded, is rushed to the hospital where he fights for his life for the next thirty-two hours. On the morning of 06 June he died, and two days later was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, the final resting place of his assassinated older brother, President John F. Kennedy.
Robert Kennedy, a legal counsel for various Senate subcommittees during the 1950s, served as the manager of his brother’s successful presidential campaign in 1960. Appointed attorney general by President Kennedy, he proved a vigorous member of the cabinet, zealously prosecuting cases relating to civil rights while closely advising the president on various domestic and foreign issues.
After Kennedy’s assassination in 1963, he joined President Lyndon B. Johnson’s administration, but resigned in 1964 to run successfully in New York for a Senate seat. Known in Congress as an advocate of social reform and defender of the rights of minorities, he also voiced criticism of the war in Vietnam.
Senator Robert Kennedy (D-New York) was a leading critic of the Johnson administration's policy in Vietnam. Kennedy had initially been a supporter of the Johnson administration's Vietnam War policy, but he became increasingly critical after President Lyndon B. Johnson approved the resumed bombing of North Vietnam in early 1966. Kennedy had declared his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination in March 1968 after Senator Eugene McCarthy's surprisingly strong showing in the New Hampshire primary. When Johnson announced that he would not run for his party's nomination, Kennedy became the front-runner. On the day of his death, he had just defeated McCarthy in the California primary.
In 1968, he was urged by many of his supporters to run for president as an anti-war and socially progressive Democratic. Hesitant until he saw positive primary returns for fellow anti-war candidate Eugene McCarthy, he announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination on 16 March 1968.
Fifteen days later, President Johnson announced that he would not seek reelection, and Vice President Hubert Humphrey became the key Democratic hopeful, with McCarthy and Kennedy trailing closely behind. However, Kennedy conducted an energetic campaign, and on 04 June 1968, he won a major victory in the California primary. In the early hours of the next morning, he gave a victory speech to his supporters in the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, and then, while making his way to a press conference by a side exit, he was fatally wounded by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. Sirhan was arrested at the scene, indicted for first degree murder, convicted, and, on 23 April 1969, sentenced to die. However, his death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in 1972 when the California Supreme Court abolished the death penalty.
Although Sirhan’s motives were not entirely clear, the 05 June attack did come on the first anniversary of the Israeli invasion of his homeland in the Six-Day War, and he may have been retaliating against America’s historic support of Israel. Others have alleged that Sirhan was part of a larger assassination conspiracy, reportedly brought on by Kennedy’s promise to end the Vietnam War if elected president. These conspiracists cite forensic evidence and witness testimony that they say proves the existence of additional shooters who were not detained.
1964 El Papa Pablo VI levanta los castigos eclesiásticos para aquellos cristianos que deseen la incineración después de muertos.
1963 El ayatollah Ruhola Jomeini es arrestado por las autoridades iraníes. En Teherán se producen graves disturbios y el Sha y su familia abandonan la capital.
1963 British Secretary of War resigns in sex
British Secretary of War John Profumo resigns his post following revelations that he had lied to the House of Commons about his sexual affair with Christine Keeler, an alleged prostitute. At the time of the affair, Keeler was also involved with Yevgeny "Eugene" Ivanov, a Soviet naval attaché who some suspected was a spy. Although Profumo assured the government that he had not compromised national security in any way, the scandal threatened to topple Prime Minister Harold Macmillan's government. Age 48 in 1963, John Dennis Profumo was appointed secretary of war by Macmillan in 1960. As war minister, he was in charge of overseeing the British army. The post was a junior cabinet position, but Profumo looked a good candidate for future promotion. He was married to Valerie Hobson, a retired movie actress, and the Profumos were very much at the center of "swinging '60s" society in the early 1960s.
One night in July 1961, John Profumo was at the Cliveden estate of Lord "Bill" Astor when he was first introduced to 19-year-old Christine Keeler. She was frolicking naked by the Cliveden pool. Keeler was at Cliveden as a guest of Dr. Stephen Ward, a society osteopath and part-time portraitist who rented a cottage at the estate from his friend Lord Astor. Keeler was working as a showgirl at a London nightclub when she first met Dr. Ward. Ward took her under his wing, and they lived together in his London flat but were not lovers. He encouraged her to pursue sexual relationships with his high-class friends, and on one or more occasions Keeler apparently accepted money in exchange for sex. Ward introduced her to his friend Ivanov, and she began a sexual relationship with the Soviet diplomat. Several weeks after meeting Profumo at Cliveden, she also began an affair with the war minister. There is no evidence that either of these men paid her for sex, but Profumo once gave Keeler some money to buy her mother a birthday present. After an intense few months, Profumo ended his affair with Keeler before the end of 1961. His indiscretions might never have come to public attention were it not for an incident involving Keeler that occurred in early 1963. Johnny Edgecombe, a West Indian marijuana dealer, was arrested for shooting up the exterior of Ward's London flat after Keeler, his ex-lover, refused to let him in. The press gave considerable coverage to the incident and subsequent trial, and rumors were soon abounding about Keeler's earlier relationship with Profumo.
When Keeler confirmed reports of her affair with Profumo, and admitted a concurrent relationship with Ivanov, what had been cocktail-party gossip grew into a scandal with serious security connotations. On 21 March 1963, Colonel George Wigg, a Labour MP for Dudley, raised the issue in the House of Commons, inviting the member of government in question to affirm or deny the rumors of his improprieties. Wigg forced Profumo's hand, not, he claimed, to embarrass the Conservative government but because the Ivanov connection was a matter of national security. Behind closed doors, however, British intelligence had already concluded that Profumo had not compromised national security in any way and found little evidence implicating Ivanov as a spy. Nevertheless, Wigg had raised the issue, and Profumo had no choice but to stand up before Parliament on 22 March and make a statement. He vehemently denied the charges, saying "there was no impropriety whatsoever in my acquaintanceship with Miss Keeler." To drive home his point, he continued, "I shall not hesitate to issue writs for libel and slander if scandalous allegations are made or repeated outside the House." Profumo's convincing denial defused the scandal for several weeks, but in May Dr. Stephen Ward went on trial in London on charges of prostituting Keeler and other young women. In the highly sensationalized trial, Keeler testified under oath about her relationship with Profumo. Ward also wrote Harold Wilson, leader of the Labour opposition in Parliament, and affirmed that Profumo had lied to the House of Commons.
On 04 June, Profumo returned from a holiday in Italy with his wife and confessed to Conservative leaders that Miss Keeler had been his mistress and that his 22 March statement to the Commons was untrue. On 05 June, he resigned as war minister. Prime Minister Macmillan was widely criticized for his handling of the Profumo scandal. In the press and in Parliament, Macmillan was condemned as being old, out-of-touch, and incompetent. In October, he resigned under pressure from his own government. He was replaced by Conservative Alec Douglas-Home, but in the general election in 1964 the Conservatives were swept from power by Harold Wilson's Labour Party. Dr. Stephen Ward fell into a coma after attempting suicide by an overdose of pills. In his absence, he was found guilty of living off the immoral earnings of prostitution and died shortly after without regaining consciousness. Christine Keeler was convicted of perjury in a related trial and began a prison sentence in December 1963. John Profumo left politics after his resignation and dedicated himself to philanthropy in the East End of London. For his charitable work, Queen Elizabeth II named him a Commander of the British Empire, one of Britain's highest honors, in 1975.
| 1960 John XXIII published his motu proprio, 'Superno
Dei Nutu,' which created the necessary committees and organizational structure
for the upcoming Vatican II Ecumenical Council (1962-65).
1950 US Supreme Court undermines legal foundations of segregation
1948 Con el respaldo de las tropas francesas, se constituye en Vietnam un Gobierno presidido por Nguyen Xuan, primer paso para la independencia del país con la ayuda del ex emperador Bao Dai.
| 1945 At the end of World War II, the Allied Control
Commission takes control of Germany, dividing it into four occupation zones,
one each for USA, UK, USSR, France
1945 Se forma consejo de guerra en Burgos contra Manuel Hedilla, sucesor de José Antonio Primo de Rivera en la jefatura de Falange y que se opuso al decreto de unificación con los tradicionalistas.
1940 Battle of France begins in WW II
1940 Les Allemands attaquent sur la Somme et sur l'Aisne -- De Gaulle est nommé sous-secrétaire d'Etat à la Défense
1937 Primer ensayo de comunicación regular aérea entre el Viejo y el Nuevo Continente por el Atlántico Norte, entre Foynes (Irlanda) y Terranova (Canadá), por medio de hidroaviones.
1933 US goes off gold standard
1917 10 million US men begin registering for draft in WW I
1916 La Cámara francesa acuerda que se adelanten los relojes una hora, como medida de ahorro de energía.
1914 Mongolia Exterior obtiene la autonomía.
1912 US marines invade Cuba (3nd time)
1883 Inauguración del Orient-Express, primer ferrocarril en el que fueron utilizados coches-cama.
1876 Bananas become popular in US, at Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.
1873 Under pressure from the British, the sultan of Zanzibar signs a treaty abolishing slavery.
1864 Battle at Piedmont, Virginia
1863 Francia, Inglaterra y Rusia firman en Londres el protocolo que les acredita como potencias protectoras de Grecia.
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1862 Union forces arrive at Fort Pillow, a key stronghold on the Mississippi River, to find that the Confederates have already evacuated the day before.
1855 Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's first convention
1849 Danish National Day-Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy
1794 US Congress passes the Neutrality Act, which prohibits US citizens from serving in foreign armed forces
1793 THIBAUDIER Alphonse, (dit Gravignon), domicilié à Paris, est condamné à mort par contumace par le tribunal criminel du département de la Seine, comme fabricateur de faux assignats.
1783 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make the first sustained, manned flight when their balloon, "un globe aérostatique," rises an estimated 500 meters and flies 2500 meters in 10 minutes, at Annonay, France.
1661 Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge
1625 Rendición de la ciudad de Breda (Países Bajos), acto que fue inmortalizado por Velázquez en el cuadro Las Lanzas. [click on detail for full painting >]
--8239 -BC- presumed origin of Mayan Era of Creation.
2005 Robert Milne, 49, a software engineer from Edinburgh, Scotland, collapses and dies 400 meters short of the top of the 8850-meter peak of Mount Everest.
2002 Israelis Sgt. Dotan Reisel, 22, Corp. Liron Avitan, 19, Sgt. Violetta Hizgayev, 19, Staff Sgt. Eliran Buskila, 21, Corp. Vladimir Morari, 19, Staff Sgt. Zvika Gelberd, 20, Staff Sgt. Gennadi Issakov, 20, Corp. Dennis Bleuman, 20, Zion Agmon, 50, all 9 from Hadera; Corp. Avraham Barzilai, 19; Sgt. Sariel Katz, 21; Sgt. Yigal Nedipur, 21; Staff Sgt. David Stanislavsky, 23, all 4 from Netanya; Sgt. Sivan Wiener, 19, from Holon; Adi Dahan, 17, from Afula; Shimon Timsit, 35, from Tel-Aviv; Eliyahu Timsit, 32, from Sderot; and Hamze Samudi, Palestinian driver of a suicide car bomb which explodes next to a bus near Megiddo junction, Israel, at about 07:15. 13 of the dead are Israeli soldiers, as are most of the 38 injured. The bus is completely destroyed and nothing recognizable remains of the attacking car other than an engine block. The Egged 830 bus had left Tel Aviv at 05:50 bound for Tiberias, and was traveling from Afula to Hadera. The Jerusalem Brigades, the military wing of Islamic Jihad, announces that it is its doing, to mark the 35th anniversary of the start of Six-Day War, in which Israel captured the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and that the martyr driving the car was from Jenin. A few hours later the Israelis attack Jenin with tanks and machine-gun fire from helicopters, and call it a routine operation.
^ 1993: 24 UN peacekeepers massacred in Somalia
In the Somalian capital of Mogadishu, twenty-four Pakistani UN peacekeepers are ambushed and massacred while inspecting a weapons storage site. The attack occurs in the southern portion of the city, which is under the control of Somali warlord General Mohammed Aidid. The next day, the UN Security Council issues an emergency resolution tacitly calling for the arrest of Aidid, and US and UN forces began an extensive search for the elusive strongman.
In late 1992, civil war, clan-based fighting, and the worst African drought of the century created famine conditions that threatened one-fourth of Somalia’s population with starvation. In August, the UN began a peacekeeping mission to the country to assure the distribution of food and medical aid. On 04 December, with deteriorating security and the UN troops unable to control Somalia’s warring factions, US President George H. W. Bush [12 Jun 1924~] ordered 25'000 US soldiers into Somalia. Although he promised the troops involved that the humanitarian mission was not an open-ended commitment, "Operation Restore Hope" remained unresolved when Bill Clinton took over the presidency on 20 January 1993.
Like his predecessor, Clinton was anxious to bring the US troops home, and in May the mission was formally handed back to the UN By June, only 4200 US soldiers remained. However, on 05 June the Pakistani peacekeepers are massacred by Aidid, and US forces escalate their attacks on Aidid's strongholds, resulting in increased US casualties. On 26 August, four hundred elite US soldiers from Delta Force and the US Rangers arrived on a mission to bolster the US force in Somalia and capture Aidid. Two months later, on 03 Octoberand 04 October, eighteen of these soldiers were killed and eighty-four wounded during a disastrous assault on Mogadishu’s Olympia Hotel in search of Aidid. The bloody battle, which lasted seventeen hours, was the most violent US combat firefight since Vietnam. Three days later, with Aidid still at large, President Clinton cut his losses and ordered a total US withdrawal. On 25 March 1994, the last US troops left Somalia.
1989 More people killed by troops in Beijing,
even after Tienanmen Square has been bloodily cleared
of demonstrators during the last two days.
Troops Rampage Through Beijing -- Beijing Citizens Show Courage Beyond Belief http://www.cnd.org/June4th/1989.06-05.hz8.html
BEIJING - Machine-gun and small arms fire ripped through the heart of the capital last night and early this morning as security forces continued to savagely suppress China's short-lived Freedom Spring. Hundreds of tanks and armored vehicles clattered through the streets, firing long bursts from turret-mounted machine guns. At times the fire was directed at crowds of protesters still milling at intersections.
The Chinese official media proclaimed that the military had won a "glorious victory" over "scoundrels and rebellious elements." The government pledged to act "mercilessly" to "crush turmoil." Merciless is almost too mild a word to describe the military rampage.
In an assault witnessed by a reporter last night, soldiers firing AK-47 assault rifles charged a small knot of demonstrators on a major avenue. The protesters quickly dispersed. The soldiers then abruptly turned down a narrow market lane, shooting indiscriminately as shoppers screamed and scrambled for cover. A young woman was killed, shot in the throat while carrying a basket of apricots. Several other people were seriously wounded. The soldiers made no attempt to assist the wounded.
Sections of the capital resembled a war zone, with dozens of buses burning at major intersections. Helicopters droned continuously overhead. Changan Avenue was strewn with rubble, smashed bicycles and overturned military trucks. Three soldiers were reported killed, two of them crushed by their own tanks.
Tiananmen Square was cordoned off by at least 75 tanks and thousands of troops. Smoke rose as soldiers apparently set fire to the tents and lean-tos that had sheltered the youthful protesters. Soldiers positioned around the square fired upon four Western journalists who approached on foot in daylight.
In at least seven major cities across China, crowds marched to protest the Beijing massacre. The cities included Shanghai, Changsha, Dalian and Shenyang. Troops did not intervene to stop the marches in the provincial cities.
Meanwhile, the remaining Tiananmen protesters were barricaded in the campus of Beijing University and the adjacent People's University, where they had driven a captured armored personnel carrier. Students could be seen firing the vehicle's machine gun into the air. Memorial vigils were held on the sprawling campus.
Early Monday morning 05 June 1989, tanks roared up and down Changan Avenue, crushing hastily constructed barricades of food carts, bicycles and scraps of wood and metal. As the army trucks and tanks raced by, small knots of people cursed them, shaking their fists.
"Why don't you go home," shouted a pedicab driver. "You don't belong here with your guns pointed at us." No sooner had the man spoken than one grinning soldier aimed his AK-47 rifle over the head of the driver and his passenger and fired several bursts. Both hit the ground, causing the soldier to roar with laughter. "Pigs!" yelled the driver.
Gunfire rocked the city's embassy section at about 13:00 as troops moved north past the compound housing the American ambassador's residence and the press and cultural section of the US Embassy. "They're shooting right outside my office!" US Embassy spokesman Andy Koss suddenly shouted in the midst of an early afternoon telephone interview. "They're army trucks. They're heading north on the road next to my office. Oh goddam it! It's unbelievable. They've got guns ready, they're shooting up into the air."
A column of 10 tanks and 10 armored personnel carriers that headed east out of Tian An Men Square around noon was stopped by a single man who stood in front of the lead tank, according to a Western witness. He climbed up on the tank, talked with someone inside, then climbed down and walked away alive.
Late Monday morning, a crowd stood surrounding soldiers at the Jianguomen Bridge, where some people have been shot to death. Beginning around 1 p.m., gunfire was heard near the bridge. It was not immediately known whether people were injured or killed, but shortly after 1:30 p.m., an army truck was set on fire on the main highway near the bridge, and ammunition on the truck could be heard exploding. A witness said the truck had broken down and been left behind when a convoy of about 100 vehicles passed by. Someone took a crowbar, forced open the gas tank and dropped in the burning stuffing from a captured helmet. Protesters then moved on to at least seven other nearby abandoned army trucks and methodically set them on fire.
About 30 tanks and 15 truckloads of soldiers took up fighting positions facing east along the Changan Avenue at the major Jianguomenwai intersection, and explosions and small-arms fire were heard later, witnesses said.
One Western diplomat described seeing a solitary man crouching behind a bush laboriously making a Molotov cocktail in the early hours of Monday as an army convoy passed yards away from him. He finally made a direct hit on a tank.
According to Chinese witnesses, a mob in southwest Beijing lynched an army officer and left his corpse hanging from a bridge. There have also been cases of students sheltering captured soldiers from the wrath of other citizens.
But mainly the hatred of troops has brought a solidarity. "There has never been a unity among Beijing people as there is now," said one old man.
"We cannot cry any more. It is too evil for tears," said a young woman shortly after troops shot two people dead near her home. "We can only fight and try to tell the world." "Blood must be repaid with blood," read one slogan daubed on a wall on Monday. A diplomat commented: "So far the blood is flowing mostly one way."
C. Sreedharam Pillai, India-born (20 February 1920) Indiana
1976 Fourteen die as Teton Dam in Idaho bursts causing $1 billion in damage.
1970 José Antonio Montalvo Berbeo, político colombiano.
1944 Alice Weill (née Levy) [03 Aug 1893–], at the Auschwitz death camp, to which the Nazis had deported her from France, where she was born at Belfort.
1944 Louis Weill [30 May 1883–], at the Auschwitz death camp, to which the Nazis had deported him from France, where he was born at Pontailler-sur-Saône (Côte-d'Or).
1940 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English physicist and mathematician born on 17 April 1863. He wrote A Treatise on the Mathematical Theory of Elasticity (2 volumes 1892, 1893) and Some Problems in Geodynamics. He discovered short wavelength earthquake waves now called Love Waves.
1920 Julia Ann Davis Moore, born on 01 Dec 1847, The Sweet Singer of Michigan, a strong contender for the title of worst US poet.
1920 Nicolas Alexandrovitch Tarkhoff, Russian painter who died on 20 January 1871. — more with an image and links to images.
1915 Henri Gaundier~Brzeska, French artist born on 04 October 1891
1916 Horatio H Kitchener, 65, British General (Sudan)
1886 Antonio Varas de la Barra, político y abogado chileno.
1880 Karl Friedrich Lessing, German painter born on 15 February 1808.
1870 Unas 1200 personas en un incendio en Estambul, 60'000 personas quedan sin hogar.
1864 Gen William E "Grumble" Jones killed at Piedmont
1833 José María Castillo y Rada, abogado y político colombiano.
1826 Karl María Von Weber, compositor y pianista alemán.
1716 Roger Cotes, English astronomer and mathematician born on 10 July 1682. He edited the second edition of Newton's Principia. Cotes made advances in the theory of logarithms, the integral calculus and in numerical methods, particularly interpolation.
1688 The victims of an earthquake in Benevento, Italy, see of the diocese of which Cardinal Pietro Francesco Orsini [02 Feb 1649 – 23 Feb 1730] is the bishop since 1686, and would still be in the earthquake of 14 March 1702. On 29 May 1724 he would become Pope Benedict XIII. —(080923)
1568 Willem Key, Flemish artist born in the period 1515-1520.
--221 -BC- Chu Yuan China's poet drowns.
1917 Maurice Duverger, politólogo francés.
1900 Dennis Gabor inventor (holography (3D laser photography))
1898 Federico García Lorca Spain, poet/dramatist (Blood Wedding)
1894 Mané-Katz, Ukrainian-born French painter of Jewish life, who died on 08 September 1962. MORE ON MANÉ~KATZ AT ART 4 JUNE with links to images.
1881 Georg Jerzy Merkel, Austrian artist who died in 1976.
1878 Francisco (Pancho) Villa Mexico, bandit, revolutionary, guerrilla leader
1867 Miguel Abadía y Méndez, escritor y político colombiano.
1819 John Couch Adams, mathematician, astronomer. At the age of 24, he was the first person to predict the position of a planet beyond Uranus, but this was not published. Thus it would be Urbain Le Verrier [11 Mar 1811 – 23 Sep 1877] who would make the prediction leading to the sighting of Neptune on 23 September 1846 by Johann Gottfried Galle [09 Jun 1812 – 10 Jul 1910] at the Berlin Observatory. Adams died on 21 January 1892.
1814 Pierre Laurent Wantzel, French mathematician who died on 21 May 1848.