The Bengal Tiger
Scientific Name: Panthera tigris tigris
Range: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Average Weight:
Female: 100 to 160 kg
Male: 190 to 258 kg
Average Length:
Female: 241 to 262 cm
Male: 264 to 310 cm
Prey: Antelope, Buffalo, Cattle, Deer, Pigs.
Gestation period: Approximately 103 days
Cubs per litter: 1-5
Average: 2-3
Cub Maturity:
After 8 weeks: join mother when hunting
Approximately 6 months: learn how to kill
15 to 18 months
: can hunt for themselves
1998 Approximately 3176 - 4556
1997 Approximately 3000 - 4700
Other Information:
1) Also known as the Royal Bengal Tiger.
2) Also known as the Indian Tiger.
3) All white tigers are Bengals. All white Bengals in captivity in the USA originated from one white male bengal captured in India in 1951 and inbred with his offspring. Only Bengal tigers have the double recessive gene that causes the white coloring. White tigers are not albino.
4) There are more Bengal tigers than all 4 of the other remaining tiger subspecies added together.

The estimated wild population of Bengal tigers is approximately 31594715 tigers, with about 333 in captivity, primarily in zoos in India.

Most Bengal tigers live in India, although some range through Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Myanmar.

White tigers are simply a color variant of Bengal tigers and are rarely found in the wild.

The Bengal tiger lives in a wide range of habitats, including  the high-altitude, cold, coniferous Himalayan forests, the steaming mangroves of the Sunderbans, the swampy reedlands, the scorched hills of the Indian peninsula, the lush wet forests of Northern India, and the arid forests of Rajasthan.

Male Bengal tigers average 2.9 meters from head to tail and weigh about 220 kilograms. Females are smaller, measuring about 2.5 meters in length and weighing approximately 140 kilograms.

Bengal tigers prey primarily on wild deer and wild cattle.

Their range size is estimated at 10-39 square km for females and 30-105 square km for males.

Zoo Tigers

Indian zoos have bred tigers since 1880, the first time being at the Alipore Zoo in Calcutta. In the last two decades they have bred so successfully that there are now too many. Unfortunately other subspecies of tigers brought by dealers from outside India over the years have been mixed with Indian tigers, so that many zoo tigers are of questionable lineage and therefore not appropriate for conservation purposes. The 1997 International Tiger Studbook lists the current global captive population of Bengal tigers at 210 tigers. All of the studbook-registered captive population is maintained in Indian zoos, except for one female Bengal tiger in North America. Completion of the Indian Bengal Tiger Studbook is a necessary prerequisite to establishing a captive management program for tigers in India.


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