• 101st Airborne arrives in Vietnam... • Army chases vets out of DC... • GM buys Cadillac... • Reb woman spy caught... • Potato Famine revolt crushed... • Franciscan expedition to Colorado... • Invincible Armada vanquished... • Indianapolis crew starts dying... • King Umberto I murdered... • Van Gogh's suicide... • NASA is born...
a 29 July:
2001 Elections in Japan for 121 of the 247 seats of the upper house of Parliament, seen as a referendum endorsing Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's plans for painful economic changes. The Liberal Democratic Party-led 3-party coalition wins well above the 63 seats it needs to keep control.
2000 In his boat off Acapulco, José Rojas Mayarita, 39, is reeling in a 3-meter marlin when it leaps at him and stabs him through the abdomen. The swordfish's spear comes out the other side. Unable to get up, Rojas would drift for two days in his boat, until another vessel rescues him
1988 FDIC bails out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion
1988 General secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, 57, in furtherance of his policies of glasnost and perestroika, pushes plan electing president & parliament of USSR in March, 1989
1988 Judge orders NASA to release unedited tape from Challenger cockpit
1988 South African government bans anti-apartheid film Cry Freedom.
1981 Diana Frances Spencer, 20, becomes Princess Diana of Wales as she marries Prince Charles of Wales in a globally televised ceremony. Years later she would divorce, and die on 31 August 1997 in an automobile accident while fleeing from paparazzi.
| 1978 Penny Dean swims English Channel in record 7h40m
1978 Pioneer 11 transmits images of Saturn and its rings.
1975 The Nigerian military government of Gen. Yakubu Gowan is overthrown in a bloodless coup led by Brig. Murtala Ramat Muhammad, with Colonel Joleph Garba (17 July 1943 01 June 2002) and other middle-ranking army officers, in order to restore democracy within 4 years. In 1978 a National Constituent Assembly approves a new democratic constitution. In 1979 elections Alhaji Shehu Shagari is elected federal president and Dr. Alex Ekwueme vice president. But in 1983 a group of senior military officers under Gen. Muhammadu Buhari seize power.
1974 Watergate: The House Judiciary Committee approves Article II of impeachment by a vote of 28 to 10. The charge is systematic abuse of power and violations of citizens' constitutional rights. Included in this is mention(?) of the 1969-1971 wiretapping program.
1974 The first eleven women priests in the Episcopal Church are ordained in Philadelphia's Church of the Advocate.
1973 Greek plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy
1968 Senior leaders of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union met at Cierna to try and resolve their differences over Czech reforms.
1958 Pres Eisenhower signs NASA & Space Act of 1958
1957 International Atomic Energy Agency established by UN
1956 Calypso of Yves-Jacques Cousteau, 46, anchors in 7500 m of water (record)
1952 1st nonstop transpacific flight by a jet
1936 RCA shows the 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show & monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)
1921 Adolf Hitler becomes the president of the Nationalist Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis).
1920 1st transcontinental airmail flight from NY to SF
1915 US Marines land at Port-au-Prince to protect US interests in Haiti., stay until 1924
1914 First US transcontinental telephone conversation (between New York and San Francisco).
1863 Queen Victoria reconfirms British policy of neutrality in US Civil War.
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1862 At Moore’s Mill in Missouri, the Confederates are routed by Union guerrillas.
1830 Liberals led by the Marquis of Lafayette seize Paris in opposition to the king's restrictions on citizens' rights.
1792 Robespierre demande la déchéance du Roi.
1715 10 Spanish treasure galleons sunk off Florida coast by hurricane
2008 Bruce Edwards Ivins [22 Apr 1946–], suicide. He was a US government microbiologist and vaccinologist for 36 years, and for 18 years senior biodefense researcher at the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) in Fort Detrick, Maryland. He was the prime suspect in the FBI investigation of the anthrax attacks in 2001,which killed five people and made 17 others ill. —(080804)
2005 Ryan Collins, 13, at a hospital in Fresno, where he had been kept alive on a ventilator so his organs could be donated, after being lethally injured by lightning, the previous day, in a meadow in Sequoia National Park, where he was one of a group of Boy Scouts sheltering from a storm under a tarpaulin they had set up. Assistant scoutmaster Steve McCullagh, 29, had died instantly.
2005 Some 25 Iraqi army recruits and a suicide bomber in Rabia, Iraq.
2004 Amr Abu Suta, commander of the Abu Reish militant Palestinian group, and his assistant, Zaki Abu Rakha, by Israeli missiles fired at their car as it neared the entrance of Rafah, Gaza Strip. The Abu Reish Brigade is an extreme offshoot Fatah that had recently been critical of Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat and claimed responsibility a week earlier for kidnappings in Gaza. The Abu Reish Brigade was formed in 1994 and named after Ahmed Abu Rish, a Fatah leader assassinated by Israel five days after he was released in an amnesty deal. Israel says that Abu Suta was involved in the 1992 killing of three Israeli soldiers in a Jewish settlement in Gaza and a number of other attacks against Israelis in the early 1990s.
2004 Two Palestinians near Jewish enclave settlement Netzer Hazani, Gaza Strip, by Israeli tank fire (according to Palestinians) or by a premature detonation of their own explosives (according to Israelis).
2004 Zair al-Ashkar, 26, commander of the military wing of Islamic Jihad in village El Ar, near Tul Karm, West Bank, killed in the early hours as his unit was fighting Israeli troops attacking to make arrests.
2003 Foday Sankoh, an indicted war criminal whose worse-than-rough RUF Sierra Leone rebels routinely hacked off the limbs of men, women and infants during a 10-year campaign, dies in UN custody at a Freetown hospital. Born on 17 October 1937, he worked as a wedding photographer and served in Sierra Leone's army before going to Libya for training as a guerrilla. There one of his fellow trainees was Charles Taylor, who launched his own insurgency in Liberia, in 1989, became president, and was been indicted for war crimes for backing the Revolutionary United Front rebels which Sankoh founded in 1988 in Libya.
2002:: 9 of 55 pilot whales beached on Chapin Beach, Dennis, Cape Cod. Discovered at about 06:00, they were then covered with wet towels and water was poured on them, and at last the survivors, after being tagged, are pushed out to sea when the tide rose enough by noon. They may have been following krill and become stranded in shallow water as the tide went out. An adult pilot whale (Globicephala melaena) is about 5 meters long and weighs some 800 kg. The next morning the same 44 (2 having been found dead in the meantime) surviving pilot whales would again be found stranded in shallow water about 40 km to the east, at a beach in Eastham; 14 of them die on their owen or are killed because blood tests show they are sick, and the remainder is helped to leave at high tide.
MORE ON PILOT WHALES and more and more and more and more
beached pilot whales
two dead pilot whales floating
| 1996 Mrs.
Elsie Barker, 84, in Hyde, England, by lethal dose of opiates
administered by Dr. Harold Shipman (murderer
of 215+) during a home visit.
1994 Abortionist Dr. John Bayard Britton and volunteer escort, retired Air Force Lt. Col. James Herman Barrett, shot outside a Pensacola, Florida abortion clinic, by anti-abortion terrorist Paul Hill, 40, a former Presbyterian minister, who would be executed by lethal injection on 03 September 2003, after saying that he expected a glorious reward in Heaven for his deed.
1994 Megan Nicole Kanka [07 Dec 1986–], raped and murdered in Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, by her neighbor, twice-convicted sex offender Jesse Timmendequas [15 Apr 1961~], who would be convicted on 30 May 1997 and sentenced to death. The murder resulted in notification being required when a convicted sex offender moves into a neighborhood, by Megan's Law, first in New Jersey, then in some other states, and, on 17 May 1996, by a federal US law. —(070529)
1967: 134 crewmen as explosion and fire ravages US carrier off Vietnam. 62 others are injured. Fire sweeps the US aircraft carrier Forrestal off the coast of North Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin. It is the worst US naval disaster in a combat zone since World War II. Of the carrier's 80 planes, 21 are destroyed and 42 damaged. Material damages are estimated at $100 million.
1962 Ronald Aylmer Fisher, English mathematician, born in 1890, whose contributions include the development of methods suitable for small samples, the discovery of the precise distributions of many sample statistics and the invention of analysis of variance.
1960 Richard Simon cofounder of Simon & Shuster
1914 Caroline Friedrich, German artist born on 20 October 1828.
1898 Arturo Michelana, Venezuelan artist born on 16 June 1863.
1890 Vincent van Gogh, from shooting himself in the chest two days earlier. He was the great Dutch Post-Impressionist painter whose life and death show that there is PAIN in PAINting. He was born on 30 March 1853. MORE ON VAN GOGH AT ART 4 JULY with links to images.
|1870 James Baker Pyne, British artist born on 05 December
1800. — more|
1854 Pierre Duval-Lecamus, French artist born on 14 February 1790.
1839 de Prony, mathematician.
1833 William Wilberforce. Ce membre du Parlement anglais en 1780 parvint à faire voter une loi abolissant l'esclavage des Noirs. Jusque-là les négriers pouvaient acheter, à leur guise, des esclaves en Afrique pour les vendre ensuite aux plantations américaines.
1693 The Army of the Grand Alliance, destroyed by the French at the Battle of Neerwinden in the Netherlands.
1649 David Teniers I, Flemish artist born in 1582. — more
1603 Bartholomew Gilbert, killed in the colony of Virginia by Indians, during a search for the missing Roanoke colonists.
1602 The Duke of Biron, executed in Paris for conspiring with Spain and Savoy against King Henry IV of France.
1164 King Olaf of Norway
1907 Melvin Belli Sonora Calif, lawyer, SF's "King of Torts"
1905 Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish diplomat, 2nd Secretary-General of the UN(1953-61). Nobel Peace Prize (1961). His spiritual journal Markings was published in 1964, three years after his untimely death in a plane crash.
1900 Eyvind Johnson Sweden, novelist (Return to Ithaca-Nobel 1974)
1898 Isidor Isaac Rabi Poland, physicist (60000explored atom-Nobel-1944)
1889 Ubaldo Oppi, Italian painter and draftsman who died on 25 October 1946. — more
1883 Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini, il Duce, dictator (prime minister) of Fascist Italy, 1922-1943. He was killed by partisani on 28 April 1945.
1883 Armando Spadini, Italian painter who died on 31 March 1925. — MORE ON SPADINI AT ART 4 JULY with links to images.
1877 Charles William Beebe, naturalist who explored the ocean depths in a bathysphere
1871 Grigory Efimovich Novykh “Rasputin”, the mad Russian monk who contributed to the fall of the Romanovs. He was assassinated on 30 December 1916.
1869 Newton Booth Tarkington, US novelist novelist and dramatist, who died on 19 May 1869, best-known for his satirical and sometimes romanticized stories of US Midwesterners. Author of The Gentleman from Indiana (1899), Monsieur Beaucaire (1900), Penrod (1914), Penrod and Sam (1916), Seventeen (1917), Gentle Julia (1922), The Turmoil (1915), The Magnificent Ambersons (1918), The Midlander (1924), Growth (1927), The Plutocrat (1927), Alice Adams (1921), Claire Ambler (1928), Mirthful Haven (1930), Presenting Lily Mars (1933), The Two Vanrevels (1902), Mary's Neck (1932)
1862 Robert Reid, US Impressionist painter who died on 02 December 1929. — MORE ON REID AT ART 4 JULY with links to images.
1849 Edward Theodore Compton, British artist who died in 1921.
1838 Etienne Prospère Berne-Bellecour, French artist who died on 29 November 1910.
1824 Jonathan Eastman Johnson, US painter who died on 05 April 1906. — MORE ON JOHNSON AT ART 4 JULY with links to images.
1792 Peter Heinrich Lambert von Hess, German artist who died on 04 April 1871.
1629 Peeter van Bredael (or Breda), Flemish artist who died on 09 March 1719.