a 28 January:
2003 (Tuesday) National elections in Israel (workers have the day off) for the 120-seat 16th Knesset Likud obtains 38 seats (it had 19 before), Labor-Meimad 19 (it had 26), in the lowest voter turnout (68.5% of the 4'720'074 registered) in the history of modern Israel. [Criminal Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, head of Likud, casts his vote >] The secularist Shinui Party, let by Yugoslav-born Yosef “Tommy” Lapid, 71, gets 15 seats (it had 6). The extreme-right ultra-Orthodox Shas gets 11 seats (it had 17), the leftist Meretz, led by Yossi Sarid gets 6 seats (it had 10). The Ashkenazi Haredi party, United Torah and Shabbat Judaism, maintains its 5 seats. Amir Peretz's One Nation (National Unity = HaIchud HaLeumi) gets 3 seats (had 2). The National Religious Party gets 6 seats. The Arab parties collectively get 9 seats: the Communist Hadash-Ta'al (Democratic Front for Peace and Equality) 3 (had 5); Balad (National Democratic Assembly), headed by Azmi Bishara, 3 (had 2), and Ra'am 2 as before. 27 parties competed, but 14 fail to get any seat, including Ahavat Yisrael, a Shas rival from the Sephardi-Haredi community; the pro-marijuana Ale Yarok (= “Green Leaf”) party; Am Ehad; Center; Citizen and State; Democratic Action Organization; Greens (Hayerukim); Herut; Lahava; Leeder; Men`s Rights in the Family (Ra-ash); National Religious Party (Mafdal); Progressive National Alliance; Tzomet; United Arab List; Yisrael Aheret; Yisrael B`Aliya; Za-am - Social Justice . [MORE PHOTOS]
2003 State of the Union address by USurper President Dubya Bush. The Democratic response is made by Washington Governor Gary Locke.
2003 World chess champion Garry Kimovich Kasparov [13 April 1963-], with Black, draws against computer program Deep Junior in the second game of a match whose first game was on 26 January and which will end in a draw with its 6th game on 07 February (30 Jan Game 3 — 02 Feb Game 4 — 05 Feb Game 5). The match score is now Kasparov 1.5, Deep Junior 0.5 The game:
1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 a6 5. Bd3 Bc5 6. Nb3 Ba7 7. c4 Nc6 8. Nc3 d6 9. 0~0 Nge7 10. 0~0 Nge7 11. B.3 e5 12. Nd5 a5 13. Rc1 a4 14. Bxa7 Rxa7 15. Nd2 Nd4 16. Qh5 Ne6 17. Rc3 Nc5 18. Bc2 Nxd5 19. exd5 g6 20. Qh6 f5 21. Rh6 f5 22. b4 axb3 23. Rxa7 bxc2 24. Rc1 e4 25. Rxc2 Qa1+ [? why not ... f4?] 26. Sf1 f4 27. Ra8 e3 28. fxe3 fxe3 29. Rxf8+ Kxf8 30. Rxc8+ Kf7 Kasparov offers a draw and Deep Junior's team accepts [31. Re2 Ne4 32. Rc7+ Kf8 33. Rxe3 Nd2! and White would have nothing better than a perpetual check with its rooks]
2002 Pygmy hippopotamus is seized by authorities from the Escondido, Califormia, backyard of Dr. Arthur Stehly, who does not have a permit for the animal, a 220-kg female about 12 to 15 years old (pygmy hippos can live into their 40s), who has been living in the 2-hectare property for about 10 years, in company with some 100 other animals, including emus, peacocks, geese, goats and ducks. The hippo was well cared for except that it did not have shade nor a pool to immerse itself, so that it suffers from severely dried and cracked skin with open bloody wounds. There are 2000 to 4000 pygmy hippos (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) remaining in the wild, along streams and in wet forests and swamps in West Africa from Sierra Leone to Nigeria.
[< photo: another individual of the same species]
2001 In the quake-devastated town of Bhuj, Gujarat, Sikh soldiers pull out from a collapsed eight-story building Kusam D. Soni, in her mid-thirties, alive. She had been pinned down by a ceiling fan for 56 hours.
^ 2001 Five more cardinals.
Pope John Paul II announces more cardinals, adding to the 37 he named on 21 February. They are Lubomyr Husar, US citizen newly appointed Greek rite archbishop of Lviv, Ukraine; Joahannes Joachim Degenhart, archbishop of Paderborn, Germany; Julio Terrazas Sandoval, archbishop of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia; Wilfrid Fox Napier, archbishop of Durban, South Africa, and Karl Lehmann, bishop of Mainz, Germany. The pope also reveals two cardinals secretly named in 1998: Marian Jaworski, Latin rite archbishop of Lviv, and Janis Pujats, archbishop of Riga. All 42 new cardinals will assume their rank at the 21 February consistory, bringing to 135 the number of those aged less than 80 and therefore eligible to vote for the next pope.
1999 Clinton impeachment trial: Senate votes 54-44
to have witnesses
(1) Lawmakers work throughout the day to strike a compromise for proceeding with the deposition phase of the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton, but a key sticking point concerning videotaped depositions stalls the talks. Despite last-minute plans to postpone the vote to give the two sides more time, the Senate convenes shortly after 5 p.m. EST when it becomes apparent they the sides are hopelessly deadlocked. The Democrats' proposal for proceeding with the deposition phase of the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton is rejected by a 54-44 margin. On the videotaping of witnesses, Democrats want to ensure that the tapes would only be viewed by senators but never shown on the Senate floor.
The senators next vote down a Democratic attempt to move immediately to a final vote on the articles of impeachment. In a party-line 54-44 vote, Republicans push through their proposal for proceeding with the deposition phase of the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton. Under the plan, witnesses will be deposed starting Feb. 1 and Feb. 12 has been set as the trial's target end date. The Republicans' proposal says the Senate will vote on making the tapes public after the depositions. The individual depositions of Monica Lewinsky, White House aide Sidney Blumenthal and lobbyist and presidential friend Vernon Jordan will begin Feb. 1 and extend through Feb. 3. Lewinsky is expected to testify first but the order of all three witnesses has not been finalized. During the eight-hour depositions, the House prosecutors and White House counsel will have equal time for questioning, and two senators — one from each party — will preside. Senators will be able to review the videotapes and transcripts of those sessions as they become available, starting Feb. 2. Democrats receive some slight concessions from the majority: The only way the House prosecutors will be able to call another round of witnesses is if both Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-Mississippi) and Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-South Dakota) agree to do so. Republicans also agree to the Democrats' demand of establishing 12 noon EST February 12 as a target date to end the trial. But that date is not firm because provisions in the blueprint allow for the case to be re-opened.
(2) Maryland Democratic Sen. Barbara Mikulski misses all three votes, opting to rest before her surgery on Jan. 29 for an "inflamed gall bladder".
(3) Matt Drudge reports: 'JANE DOE' INTERVIEW CAUSES DEEP SPLIT INSIDE
OF NBC; BROADDRICK FEELS 'BETRAYED' AFTER NETWORK PUTS STORY ON ICE **World
Exclusive** 01/28/99 02:41 UTC — Juanita Broaddrick has now told
associates that she feels "betrayed" by NBC NEWS, the DRUDGE REPORT has
learned. One week ago, Broaddrick sat for an exclusive in-depth interview
with NBC NEWS reporter Lisa Myers — an interview that she was told
would immediately air on DATELINE! Broaddrick doesn't hold Lisa Myers
responsible for the building media nightmare, according to a source. Talk
in the cafeteria at NBC'S 30 Rock headquarters on Wednesday had head anchorman
Tom Brokaw threatening to resign if Andy "I am 'America's News Leader'"
Lack green-lights the completed Lisa Myers package, said one NBC producer
who asked not to be identified. NBC NEWS president Lack was not immediately
available for comment. Broaddrick is now being described as "emotionally
drained" after the session with Myers. And since giving the interview,
Broaddrick has confessed to a friend: "I'm so afraid over what is going
to happen now." Myers first reported details of Broaddrick's story last
March on NBC NIGHTLY NEWS. . . . . The DRUDGE REPORT revealed earlier
this week that network executives have come under enormous pressure from
the White House not to air their interview with Broaddrick. "There is
a civil war developing," one network insider said. "Between those pushing
for the interview to air and those who think it is completely reckless."
| 1998 Computer store chain Egghead Inc. announces that
it will close its 80 retail stores across the US and lay off 80% of its
workforce, focusing its sales efforts on the Web.
1998 Christ and the Woman of Samaria (48 x 39 cm) by Michelangelo Anselmi (1491-1554) is auctioned. Anselmi helped revive the art of painting in Parma, Italy. He painted in an eclectic but highly individual mannerist style. The power of this particular painting is expressed in the faces of Jesus and the Samaritan woman. Jesus faces her with an intent gaze, but the Samaritan woman turns her face away. In the background a figure is waving at Jesus' approching disciples.
1998 El socialista y ex ministro de Interior José Luis Corcuera Cuesta es implicado por un juez español en el secuestro de un miembro del grupo terrorista GRAPO (Grupos de Resistencia Antifascista Primero de Octubre).
| 1992 State of the Union Address
by US President George Bush (Sr.).
1991 Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule
1990 East German agreement to form all-party government.
1989 El Consejo Político de Democracia Cristiana de España aprueba la integración de esta formación política en el Partido Popular.
1988 Las delegaciones del Gobierno de Daniel Ortega Saavedra (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional) y de la Contra se reúnen en San José de Costa Rica para negociar un alto el fuego.
1987 US Foreign minister George Shultz meets ANC-leader Oliver Tambo
1986 Angolan Unity Leader Jonas Savimbi visits Washington, DC.
1985 Seis buques que componen una escuadra permanente de la OTAN sufren un atentado en el puerto de Lisboa, reivindicado por la organización portuguesa FP-25.
1982 Durante la liberación del general de la OTAN James Lee Dozier, secuestrado por las Brigadas Rojas, son detenidos cinco terroristas.
1981 William J Casey becomes the 13th director of CIA (until 1987)
1977 The Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith published an 18-page document ruling out the admission of women to the Roman Catholic priesthood because women lacked a "natural resemblance which must exist between Christ and his ministers."
1974 Un estudio de cinco años del National Cancer Institute en Hawai demuestra que existe una relación evidente entre el cáncer de intestino grueso y el consumo de grandes cantidades de carne.
1970 Israeli fighter jets attack the suburbs of Cairo.
| 1961 Republic of Rwanda proclaimed.
1960 El diputado Jean Marie le Pen es detenido en París por la policía.
1957 El Ejército argelino desarticula la huelga general organizada por el FLN.
1955 The US Congress passes a bill allowing mobilization of troops if China should attack Taiwan.
1949 UN Security council condemns Dutch aggression in Indonesia.
1949 Los ministros de la Unión Europea Occidental (UEO) acuerdan crear el Consejo de Europa.
1949 Polonia se adhiere al COMECON.
1948 Stalin desaprueba el proyecto de federación balcánica.
1947 In NY City, a copy of the 1640 Bay Psalm Book was purchased at an auction at Parke-Bernet Galleries for $150'000 — the highest price ever paid to date for a single volume. (The original title of the book was: The Whole Book of Psalmes Faithfully Translated into English Metre)
1943 Alemania moviliza a toda persona de 16 a 65 años en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
1942 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya.
1942 General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine.
1941 French General Charles DeGaulle's Free French forces sack south Libya oasis.
1933 German government of Von Schleicher falls.
1933 French government of Paul Boncour falls.
1933 Getúlio Vargas, jefe del Gobierno provisional de la República de Brasil, convoca una asamblea constituyente.
1933 Los seguidores de Eamon de Valera vencen en las elecciones celebradas en Irlanda.
1932 first US state unemployment insurance act enacted-Wisconsin
1932 The Japanese attack Shanghai, China, and declare martial law.
1930 José Antonio Primo de Rivera presenta su dimisión a Alfonso XIII, lo que pone fin a la dictadura y permite el advenimiento de la segunda República Española.
1930 Comienza en la URSS la campaña de liquidación de los kulaks.
| 1927 Serbian-Croatian-Slavic government of Oezonowitsj
1924 Los laboristas ocupan el poder, por primer vez, en Gran Bretaña.
1923 first "Reichs Party" (NSDAP) forms in Munich.
1921 Albert Einstein startles Berlin by suggesting the possibility of measuring the universe.
1920 Turquía renuncia al Imperio Otomano y a las provincias no turcas.
1920 Se crea en España la Legión con el nombre de Tercio de Extranjeros, que conservó hasta 1937.
1918 Leon Trotsky becomes leader of Reds. organiza el Ejército Rojo.
1918 La nobleza de Estonia y Livonia anuncia la separación de ambos países de Rusia y los declara independientes.
1916 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain and France.
1915 US President Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates
1910 In the flood of the century, the Seine in Paris, at noon, reaches the 8.49 m level at the Austerlitz bridge, and 8.62 m at shoulder level of the zouave of the Alma bridge. As a precaution against even worst flood, Paris art museums would complete on 07 April 2003 a massive transfert of their underground-stored treasures to a safe undisclosed location north of Paris.
1909 US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time.
| 1905 Raimundo Fernández Villaverde preside un nuevo
Gobierno en España.
1881 Battle at Laing's Neck Natal Boers beat superior powered British.
1871 Besieged by Prussian troops and suffering from famine, the French army in Paris surrenders. The Paris civilians were famished too, they had already eaten zoo animals, and cats, dogs, and rats.
1865 President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
1864 Battle of New Bern, North Carolina
1860 Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
1846 Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)
1835 San Salvador se convierte en la capital federal de Centroamérica.
1792 Rebellious slaves in Santo Domingo launch an attack on the city of Cap.
1788 Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of queen of France.
1757 Ahmed Shah, the first King of Afghanistan, occupies Delhi and annexes the Punjab.
1689 English parliament ends king Charles II reign.
1671 El filibustero galés Henry John Morgan, tras un ataque de tres horas, se apodera de la ciudad de Panamá.
1613 Galileo may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune
1581 Scotland's King James VI, who in 1603 would become England's James I, signed the Second Scottish Confession of Faith.
1561 By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended
1495 Pope Alexander VI gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France.
1479 Las cortes de Tudela eligen como reina de Navarra a Leonor de Foix, tras la muerte de su padre Juan II.
which occurred on a 28 January:
2007 Robert Frederick Drinan, born on 15 November 1920, he joined the Jesuits in 1942, was ordained a priest in 1953, became a lawyer in 1956, was dean of the Boston College Law School and taught law from 1956 until 1970, was the US Congressman (Democrat) from the 3rd district of Massachusetts (1971-1981), insisted that abortion is not to be restricted by civil law, and was a law professor at Georgetown University Law Center from 1981 to 2007. —(070129)
2006 Elvis Morales Mendez, 8, and twins Samanta Morales Mendez, 6, and Samuel Morales Mendez, 6, smothered in De Queen, Arkansas, by their mother Paula Eleazar Mendez, 43, mentally deranged and who believed that her husband, Arturo Morales, 37, who had stayed behind to keep his job in New York, from which they had, was planning a divorce. Paula Mendez then attempts suicide by drinking poison. A practicing Catholic, she had immigrated from Mexico in 1995. —(060130)
2006 Some 70 persons after the 17:30 (16:30 UT) collapse of the roof of an exhibition hall in Katowice, Poland, where a pigeon show was being held. Some 160 persons are injured. —(060129)
2005 Vitaly Ivanov, 42, and his wife Natalya Ivanov, 38, Israelis of Kiryat Gat, in a car collision at 21:00 (19:00 UT). Their son Alexei, 19, who was driving their sedan, and his friend, Andrei Metpenov, are moderately injured. The driver of the SUV that collided with them, an Israeli of Moshav Ben Zakai, is lightly injured and driver's license was suspended for 90 days. He had swerved from his lane around a poorly lit sharp bend, where there was road work, and entered their lane, about 150 meters from Metzudat Yoav, in the Ashkelon area.
2005 Five Palestinians when a van attempts to pass another vehicle illegally and collides head-on with an oncoming truck near Hebron on Highway 60 between the West Bank enclave settlements Kiryat Arba and Karmei Tzur, in the morning.
2005 Four Iraqi civilians, by a car bomb next to a police station in southern Baghdad [< photo].
2005 Six Iraqi collaborationist soldiers, in ambushes, in Ramadi, Iraq.
2005 A US soldier, shot in northern Baghdad, Iraq.
2005 A US soldier, by a roadside bomb in the south of Baghdad, Iraq. Two US soldiers are wounded.
2004 Iyad Mahmoud al-Ra’i, 39, Othman Jundiya, 21, Marwan Atiya Bassal, 38, Mousa Sulaiman Dallol, 31; Iyad Abu Ruchab, Moussa Balout, Samah Watach, Mohammed Dakhdar, Sami Badawi, Iyad el-Gha'i, and 3 other Palestinians, in the Zaitoun neighborhood of Gaza City by Israeli army attacks, including tanks, coming from the nearby enclave settlement Netzarim, which the Israeli say is attacked nightly from that neighborhood by mortar round and the planting of bombs. Al-Ra'i was a field commander and member of the military council of the Quds Brigades (Islamic Jihad's fighters), of which Jundiya was another field commander, and Bassal and Dallol were members. The other dead, most of them in their twenties, include one Hamas fighter, a boy, 11, shot in the eye; and 7 other Palestinian civilians, including at least three working at a nearby cement factory. Seven Palestinians are wounded, including a paramedic arriving in an ambulance and two 14-year-olds. The fighting was occasioned by soldiers from the Israeli Shimshon Brigade, accompanied by armor and bulldozers, crossing at 04:30 (02:30 UT) the Tancher route, which runs the length of Gaza, and penetrating about a kilometer into Zeitun farmlands, near the used-car market in the neighborhood. Dozens of Palestinians from all the armed resistance factions deployed throughout the buildings in the neighborhood's industrial zone, trying to repel the Israeli invaders, who fired back, killing two Palestinians, and called for reinforcements. The ensuing 6-hour firefight included the use of heavy machine guns, submachine guns, land mines, and anti-tank rockets aimed at the Israeli troops, who suffered no casualties.
2004 A South African man and four Iraqis, including the driver of a suicide car bomb disguised as a Red Crescent ambulance, outside the Shaheen Hotel in the Karadah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, at 06:50. At least 17 persons are injured.
2004 British army Pvt. Jonathan Kitulagoda, 23; an Afghan civilian; and the driver of a suicide taxi bomb of the Taliban, which explodes next to a British army vehicle, in which three other British soldiers and an Afghan translator are wounded, in Kabul, on the road toward Jalalabad, at 11:00 (07:30 UT).
2003 Mohammed Atel Sr., his son Mohammed Atel Jr., 17, and daughter Sabrin Atel, 15, in the early hours, by explosion which levels a one-story house in the Sheik Radwan neighborhood of Gaza, near the seacoast, as two Israeli missile-armed helicopters had been patroling in the area for two hours. Mohammed Ater Sr. was the bodyguard of senior Hamas official Ismail Abu Shanab, and the house belonged to Ihab Salame, another Hamas militant. The AP body count of the al-Aqsa intifada is now 2071 Palestinians and 720 Israelis.
2003 Four Palestinians by Israeli soldiers searching in Jenin, West Bank. Two Israeli soldiers and French correspondent Seif Dahala are wounded.
2003 Captain Kim Hyo-sung, 33, shot by Major Lee Kyu-sang, 37, when Kim refuses an order to speak quietly on the telephone while Lee is discussing the leasing of construction equipment with some Afghans, near Bagram Air Base north of Kabul, Afghanistan, in the barracks of the 99-man South Korean medical unit, to which both men belong, and which is in Afghanistan since February 2002 as part of the UN peacekeeping force.
2003:: 18 Afghan rebels, in fighting which began on 27 January as US and Afghan soldiers were searching a compound near Adi Ghar mountain in southeast Afghanistan. Attacked, they killed one attacker, wounded one, and captured one, who said that he was among some 80 fighters commanded by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar [photo >], an Islamic fundamentalist who wants to overthrow President Hamid Karzai's government. Apache helicopters were called in and came under small arms fire. A rapid reaction force of the US 82nd Airborne Division counterattacked with air support from B-1 bombers, F-16s and AC-130 gunships, and B~1 bombers which dropped two 500-pound and 19 2000-pounds bombs during 12 hours of fighting. In recent months Hekmatyar's rebels, as well as al-Qaida and Taliban remnants have been crossing the border from the Pakistan tribal areas.
2002 All 9 crew members and 83 passengers, including 7 children, onboard TAME airlines flight 120, a Boeing 727-134 which had left Quito at 10:03 and crashes at 10:23 into the 4775-meter-high Chiles Volcano (near Ipiales, Colombia) as it circles in approach to its destination, Tulcán, at the Colombia-Ecuador border.
2002 Donata Breggia-DiBiase, in Maine, who was born in Italy on 29 December 1891.
2002 Six al-Qaida fighters, who refuse to surrender and are killed by Afghan troops and US special forces soldiers in a 04:00 to 12:00 assault on the second floor of the Mir Wail hospital in Kandahar, Afghanistan, which the al-:Qaida fighters had transformed into a fortress after being left there, sick or wounded but heavily armed, by the retreating Taliban two months earlier. [It is not explained why they were allowed food and water during their 2-month defiance].
2002 Astrid Lindgren, born on 14 November 1907, Swedish author of 88 children's books, featuring characters Pippi Långstrump (in the English translations Pippi Longstocking) [< image], the mischievious Emil, and Ronja Rövardotter (Ronia the Robber's daughter). Examples: Pippi Långstrump (1945) — Pippi Långstrump går ombord (1946 = Pippi Goes on Board) — Pippi Långstrump i Söderhavet (1948 = Pippi in the South Seas) — Pippi Goes To The Circus — Pippi Longstockings in the Park — Pippi's Ordinary Day — Pippi to the Rescue — Pippi Goes to School. — Pippi is a precocious little girl with great wealth and extraordinary strength. She never goes to school (?), and lives completely without adult supervision. The majority of adults cannot reason with Pippi, and eventually find themselves lifted into the air by her.
2001 Naina Badrasen, after surviving 50 hours under earthquake rubble in Ghuj, Gujarat, while Indian Air Force personnel and policemen frantically try to free her. They do manage to pull out alive her year-and half-old daughter Namrata, whose faint sobbing had alerted them to the location.
2001 José María Sánchez Casas, activista político español, fundador de los Grupos de Resistencia Antifascista Primero de Octubre (GRAPO).
1996 U San Yu, 77, soldier/politician, President of Burma in 1981-88
1996 Jerry Seigel, 81, writer who, with artist friend Joe Shuster, in the 1930s created the character Superman.
1989 Choekyi Gyaltsen, the 10th Panchen Lama, 53, supposedly of a heart attack. The Panchen Lama is considered to be an emanation of Amitabha Buddha. Amitabha means "infinite light." Amitabha is the Head of the Lotus family of Buddhas and He is the principal Buddha of the Blissful Pureland of the West. He is the embodiment of the enlightened speech of all the Buddhas. Amitabha Buddha is very important to all Buddhists, especially those in China, Japan, & Korea. The 11th Panchen Lama, Gendhun Choekyi Nyima, would be born on 25 April 1989, recognized by the Dalai Lama on 14 May 1995, and abducted by Chinese Communist officials on 17 May 1995, together with his family, and the Abbott, Chadrel Rinpoche (Cha Tsa Chagbazeling) and his secretary, who had discovered him.. On 30 November 1995, The People's Republic of China “installed” its' own puppet Panchen Lama, Gyaltsen Norbu, 6. But only The Dalai Lama has the authority to declare who is the Panchen Lama.
— GYALTSEN ONLINE: “A poisoned arrow” (English translation of “A report on the sufferings of the masses in Tibet and other Tibetan regions and suggestions for future work to the central authorities through the respected Premier Zhou Enlai”) (1962)
1975 Antonin Novótny, former Czechoslovakian President (1957-1968) born on December 1904. A Stalinist, he was a puppet of the Soviet Union.
1963 Eight persons as a Continental Airlines Vickers Viscount 812 crashes on landing at Kansas City.
1954 Ernest Benjamin Esclangon, French mathematician and astronomer born on 17 March 1876.
1946 Dmitriy Sintsov, Russian mathematician born on 21 November 1867.
1940 Day 60 of Winter War: USSR aggression against Finland.
More deaths due to Stalin's desire to grab Finnish territory.
Finns take 'motti' at Kelivaara
We extend our heartiest congratulations to K.J. Ståhlberg, independent Finland's first President, who is 75 years old today.
Karelian Isthmus: a reconnaissance patrol from the Finnish 1st Division has returned from a successful two-day mission along the railway line to Raivola and back along the frozen Gulf of Finland.
Ladoga Karelia: Detachment Pajari repulses the Soviet offensive on the River Aittojoki.
During the afternoon, the Soviet troops in Vieksinki voluntarily withdraw from the village, leaving behind over 200 fallen comrades.
The Finns take the Kelivaara 'motti'.
The assault on West Lemetti 'motti' is unsuccessful.
In the Ilomantsi sector the enemy makes several attempts to take Petkelniemi.
Karelian Isthmus: enemy bombers hit a field hospital marked with a red cross in a vicarage in Johannes. The bomb kills 20 patients, two members of the women's auxiliary defence forces and two nurses. Several others are wounded in the attack.
The enemy also bombs the coastal towns of Kotka, Loviisa, Hanko and Rauma.
29 fallen servicemen are buried in a joint service in Uurainen church.
The crew of a Blenheim bomber on a transfer flight from Tampere to Luonetjärvi are killed when the plane crashes in Siikakangas.
'Père Clément', the renowned French general Clément Grandcourt arrives in Helsinki to enlist as a volunteer in the Finnish Army-
^ Pienen Kelivaaran motti saadaan vallatuksi Talvisodan 60. päivä, 28.tammikuuta.1940
Tänään täyttää presidentti K.J.Ståhlberg 75 vuotta. Parhaimmat onnittelumme.
Suomalaisten 1. Divisioonan kaukopartio palaa 26.päivä kuluvaa kuuta alkaneelta onnistuneelta tiedusteluretkeltä, joka suuntautui rautatien vartta Raivolaan ja jäätä pitkin takaisin. Osasto Pajari torjuu neuvosto-joukkojen hyökkäyksen Aittojoella.
Iltapäivällä neuvostoliittolaiset poistuvat vapaaehtoisesti Vieksingin kylästä. He jättävät jälkeensä yli 200 kaatunutta.
Pienen Kelivaaran motti saadaan vallatuksi.
Läntistä Lemetin mottia vastaan tehdään tulokseton hyökkäys.
Ilomantsin suunnalla vihollinen yrittää useaan otteeseen vallata Petkelniemen.
Karjalan kannaksella Johanneksessa vihollinen pommittaa punaisella ristillä merkittyä rovastinpappilassa sijainnutta kenttäsairaalaa. Lentopommi surmaa 20 potilasta, kaksi lottaa ja kaksi sairaanhoitajaa.Useat ihmiset loukkaantuvat.
Lisäksi vihollinen pommittaa Kotkaa, Loviisaa, Hankoa ja Raumaa.
Uuraisten kirkossa siunataan yhdellä kertaa 29 sankarivainajaa. Siirtolennolla Tampereelta Luonetjärvelle matkalla oleva BL-108-pommikone syöksyy maahan Siikakankaalla. Koko miehistö saa surmansa.
Tunnettu ranskalainen kenraali "Isä Clement" eli Clément Grandcourt saapuu Helsinkiin liittyäkseen vapaaehtoisena Suomen armeijaan.
^ Den lilla mottin i Kelivaara erövras Vinterkrigets 60 dag, den 28 januari 1940 .
Idag fyller president K. J. Ståhlberg 75 år. Bästa lyckönskningar.
Den finska 1. Divisionens fjärrpatrull återvänder från en lyckad spaningsfärd som började den 26 den här månaden och som gick längs järnvägen till Raivola och tillbaka utmed isen.
Avdelning Pajari slår tillbaka de ryska truppernas anfall vid Aittojoki.
På eftermiddagen avlägsnar sig de sovjetiska trupperna frivilligt från byn Vieksinki. De lämnar efter sig över 200 stupade.
Den lilla mottin i Kelivaara erövras.
Ett resultatlöst anfall företas mot mottin i västra Lemetti.
I riktning Ilomants gör fienden upprepade försök att inta Petkelniemi.
I S:t Johannes på Karelska näset bombar fienden fältsjukhuset som är placerat i prostgården och som är utmärkt med ett rött kors. Vid bombningen dödas 20 patienter, två lottor och två sjuksköterskor. Flera människor såras.
Dessutom bombar fienden Kotka, Lovisa, Hangö och Raumo.
I Uurainen kyrka välsignas på en gång 29 stupade krigshjältar. Ett BL-108-bombplan på väg från Tammerfors till Luonetjärvi störtar vid Siikakangas. Hela besättningen omkommer.
Den kända franska generalen "Fader Clement", dvs. Clément Grandcourt anländer till Helsingfors för att som frivillig ansluta sig till Finlands armé.
1913 Segismundo Moret y Prendergast, político español.
1912 El general Eloy Alfaro Delgado, asesinado en Quito por una turba furiosa, tras 17 años de ser presidente de la República de Ecuador.
1905 Lemuel Maynard Wiles, US artist born on 21 October 1826.
1889 Joseph Émile Barbier, French mathematician born on 18 March 1839.
1882 Alexander Hugo Bakker-Korff, Dutch artist born on 03 August 1824. — more
1881 (Julian date: go to Gregorian date 09 Feb) Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky.
1874 John Christian Schetky, British artist born in 1778.
1864 Benoit-Paul-Émile Clapeyron, Parisian mathematician born on 26 February 1799.
1856 Albert Edouard Moerman, Belgian artist born in 1808.
1839 Sir William Beechey, British artist born on 12 December 1753. MORE ON BEECHEY AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1831 Wybrand Hendriks, Dutch artist born on 24 June 1744.
1793 Alexandre César d’Anterroches, évêque de Condom. D’une famille auvergnate du diocèse de Saint-Flour, fils de Charles Louis, gouverneur de Murat, lieutenant des maréchaux de France, et de Jeanne Cécile de Lastic de Fournels, Alexandre César d’Anterroches naquit le 23 mars 1719 au château d’Anterroche à Murat. D’abord chanoine de Saint-Julien de Brioude de 1731 à 1737, il fit ses études au séminaire Saint-Sulpice et fut reçu licencié en théologie en 1748. Ordonné prêtre l’année précédente, il fut choisi comme vicaire général par Mgr. de Saint-Albin, archevêque de Cambrai, qui le sacra évêque de Condom le 05 Jun 1763. Il déploya beaucoup d’activité dans son nouveau diocèse. Député aux États généraux, il fit partie des 30 prélats députés qui, le 30 May 1791, signèrent une lettre d’adhésion au bref de Pie VI condamnant la Constitution civile du clergé. Émigré, il mourut à Londres.
1725 Julian date of the death of Peter I the Great [09 Jun 1672 – 08 Feb 1725] <<< click on link for Gregorian date.
1621 Paul V [Camillo Borghese], 68, 233rd pope (1605-1621)
1596 Sir Francis Drake, born in 1540, English navigator and pirate, off Portobelo, Panamá. DRAKE AT MORE 4 JANUARY — (060118)
1547 Henry VIII, 55, King of England (since 21 April 1509), luckily for his 6th wife who is thus spared the beheading or divorce that befell the first five. He is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Edward VI.
0814 Charlemagne, born on 02 April 742, German emperor and Holy Roman Emperor (800-814) In some parts of the empire, popular affection placed him among the saints. For political purposes and to please Frederick I Barbarossa [1123 – 10 Jun 1190] he was canonized (1165) by the antipope Paschal III [–20 Sep 1168], but this act was never ratified by insertion of his feast in the Roman Breviary or by the Universal Church; his cult, however, was permitted at Aachen. The Saint-Charlemagne feast day was celebrated in Reims when I was in first grade there (it may still be); even we young children drank a glass of champagne at the school party. The celebration was instituted for schools by Nicolas de Maistre, rector of the University of Paris, and first held on 29 January 1629. It was not limited to Reims, but that may be the only place where first graders toasted Charlemagne with champagne.
which occurred on a 28 January:
1942 Francisco Sánchez Cárdenas, político y médico panameño.
1940 Miguel Barnet, escritor y etnólogo cubano.
1937 Rolls-Royce Wraith car makes its first test run. The first post-World War II model would be called the Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith and become the principal Rolls-Royce sedan.
1935 Manuel dos Santos Lima Angolan revolutionary/poet (Pele do Diabo)
1933 Susan Sontag, US essayist and novelist whose works included The Style of Radical Will and Illness as a Metaphor.
1929 Claes Oldenburg, Swedish US Pop sculptor. LINKS
1924 Marcel Broodthaers, artista belga.
1924 Wilhelm P. A. Klingenberg, German mathematician.
1916 Edward Elmer Carlson [–15 Aug 2007], in El Paso, Texas, weighing 5 lbs, his survival seeming doubtful. But he would become a very good neighbor at 3021 Harrison Avenue, where he would live for more than half his life. Ed was the youngest of the five children of Swedish immigrants Ellis A. and Hannah Carlson. Growing up during the depression, Ed helped his brother, Ellis, delivered newspapers in the Highland Park area, he rode a bicycle for Western Union, caddied golf, and helped pave Scenic Drive under FDR’s WPA. He apprenticed as a machinist at Southern Pacific Railroad where he worked for 20 years and then took his trade to Standard Oil Refinery where he worked another 26 years. Predeceasing him were his parents, his 4 siblings, his first wife and mother of his children, Frances Hobson, who died in 1956 from cancer, and 2nd wife, Elizabeth Wettermark, with whom he shared 44 years before her death in 2002. Ed is survived by son David Carlson of Houston, daughter Sylvia Evans of El Paso, granddaughter Michelle Evans of Dallas, grandson Jon M Evans and wife Genevieve, great-grandson William Carlson Evans, all of Houston, several grandnieces and nephews, and his faithful, beloved, cocker spaniel “Goldie”, grossly overweight, because, after a fall and hip fracture in 2001, he had to give up the morning walks which he used to take with his previous dogs. Another fall, in early 2007, while he was alone in his locked home, resulted in injuries for which he was immediately taken to the hospital and from which he never recovered. —(070822)
1916 Virgilio Ferreira, Portuguese teacher and novelist who died on 01 March 1996.
1915 US Coast Guard created from Life Saving and Revenue Cutter services, to fight contraband and aid vessels in distress.
1914 La Lepra, de Santiago Rusiñol y Prats, se estrena en Barcelona.
1912 Jackson Pollock, US Abstract Expressionist painter who died on 11 August 1956. MORE ON POLLOCK AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1911 Robert Schatten, Ukrainian US mathematician who died on 26 August 1977.
1912 Jackson Pollock Cody WY, abstract artist (Lavender Mist)
1908 Oriente es publicado por el escritor y político valenciano Vicente Blasco Ibáñez.
1892 Carlo Emilio Bonferroni, Italian mathematician who died on 18 August 1960.
1888 Louis Joel Mordell, US mathematician who died on 12 March 1972. He is best known for his investigations of equations of the form of y2 = x3 + k (y^2 = x^3 + k) which had been studied by Fermat [17 Aug 1601 – 12 Jan 1665].
1884 Auguste Piccard, Swiss-born Belgian physicist, balloonist, deep sea diver, who died on 24 March 1962.
1855 Karl Rohn, German mathematician who died on 04 August 1920. He made major contributions to algebraic geometry.
1853 José Julián Martí y Pérez, escritor y político independentista cubano.
1841 Henry Morton Stanley England, journalist/explorer (found Livingston in Africa). He died on 10 May 1904.
1813 Johannes Hilverding, Dutch artist who died on 01 October 1902. — more
1768 Frederick VI Danish king (1808-1839); in 1914 lost Norway to Sweden's Charles XIV Jean [Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, 26 Jan 1763 08 Mar 1844]
1761 Marguerite Gérard, French Romantic portrait and genre-scene painter who died on 18 May 1837. MORE ON GÉRARD AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1749 Jacob (or Jacques) Henri Sablet du Soleil, Swiss artist who died on 04 April 1803. — more
1706 John Baskerville, inventor of the "hot-pressing" method of printing.
1701 Charles Marie de La Condamine, Parisian mathematician who died on 04 February 1774.
1688 Jan Morits Quinckhardt, Dutch artist who died on 11 November 1772.
1674 Jean Ranc, French artist who died on 01 July 1735.
1608 Juan Alfonso Borelli, médico, matemático y físico napolitano.
1600 Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi], Pistoia, Italy, 238th pope (1667-1669)
1587 Andrea (or Andries) Snellinck, Flemish artist who died on 12 September 1653.
1540 Ludolph van Ceulen, German Dutch mathematician. is famed for his calculation p (pi) to 35 places which he did using polygons with 262 (2^62) sides. In Germany p (pi) used to be called the Ludolphine number. Here are his 35 places: 3.1415926535897932384626433832795028
1457 Henry VII, Pembroke Castle, first Tudor king of England, from his crowning on 30 October 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509. He succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York.
on 28 January:
Unmovable (omitted on Sundays):
Saint Thomas Aquinas (obligatory memory): Dominican priest, the Church's greatest theologian and philosopher, born in 1225, who died on 07 March 1274. — bio. Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913 _ wiki
— works: Summa Theologica: English _ Latin (part 1)
— Corpus Christi poem
— Epistola de Modo Studendi
— De Ente et Essentia
— De Principio Individuationis
— Expositio in Orationem Dominicam —(100128)