a 24 January:
2005 At the Knesset in Jerusalem, Erela Golan (Shinui party), and several other women members which she organized, come dressed in red, in protest against a ritual ruling by rabbi Eliyahu Abergil, head of the rabbinical court in Beersheba, prohibiting Jewish women from wearing that color, as being distinctive of prostitutes.
2003 Alloy Online (ALOY) forecasts earnings much lower than previously expected. On the NASDAQ, 18 million of the 179 million ALOY shares are traded, dropping from their previous close of $9.10 to an intraday low of $4.15 and closes at $4.53. They had traded as high as $21.91 as recently as 21 January 2002. [4~year price chart >] Alloy is a catalog and mail order retailer which targets the age range 10 to 24.
2001 New Year's Day for the Year of the Snake, according to the Chinese Calendar (Details)
2001 Study of tree and two saplings, by Baccio Della Porta Fra Bartolommeo (1472-1517) goes on auction at Christies. Is is expected to sell for close to $200'000. PICTURE AND MORE AT ART 4 JANUARY
2001 The remaining two fugitives of the "Texas 7", Patrick Murphy Jr. and Donald Newbury, are arrested without incident in Colorado Springs, CO. The van they used had been seized there, and the hotel where the convicts where they were hiding surrounded the previous day.
2001 Police dogs get
Twelve K-9 police dogs in San Jose, California get bulletproof vests, thanks to a donation from the local family of Leslie Mayr. The San Jose dogs were the latest to benefit from publicity over programs like "Vest-a-Dog," an Orange County, Calif.-based nonprofit organization which aims to find public donors for canine bulletproof vests.
Dog vests have only recently been introduced to law enforcement and provide police dogs with added protection during high-risk searches. The vests run from collar to tail, attaching under the animal's belly with Velcro straps. Made of the same materials used in human body armor, the jackets are designed to protect most vital organs of the dog from gunshots or stab attempts.
While the vests — which come in black, navy and olive green — are not cheap ( $500 to $600 each), officials say that is small price to pay considering police dogs themselves can cost as much as $8,000 apiece. Vest-A-Dog was launched in 1999 by an 11-year-old California girl who grew concerned about K-9 safety after reading about a New Jersey police dog killed in the line of duty. To date, the nonprofit organization has helped arrange funding to provide bulletproof vests for some 600 police dogs around the country.
K-9 Armor – Canine Vests are featured on the manufacturer's web page http://www.bulletproofme.com/Bomb_and_Canine_Armour.shtml
Comfortable design to protect the dog’s sides, back, underside and chest, yet still allow freedom of movement. Chest protection is vital for police canines, as that is one of the most exposed areas in a confrontation. Adjustable side elastic straps secured with Velcro to allow one size to fit police dogs ~25 - 45 kg.. (Measure your dog, base of neck to base of tail, if you are unsure of your dog being the standard size.). Outer carrier constructed of tough, water repellent Cordura Nylon - easy to wipe clean as necessary. Optional Nylon mesh inside pockets on each side for Thermal Wear cooling panels ($150) – critical for canine health in the heat. Large logo identification on each side (and we can add your local Identification patches at no extra charge)
Prices: Level II-A $500 / Level II $550 / Level III-A $600
1999 (Sunday) Clinton impeachment developments: Prosecutors question Lewinsky.
(1) Three House impeachment managers meet for nearly two hours this afternoon with Monica Lewinsky in a session the managers describe as "productive" — but which her attorney says "adding nothing" to the record in President Bill Clinton's impeachment trial. Today's meeting takes place inside the posh Mayflower Hotel, where Lewinsky stays overnight. Hutchinson, McCollum and Rep. Ed Bryant, R-Tennessee, attend the session, along with David Schippers, the House Judiciary Committee's chief impeachment investigator.
The House managers portray the meeting as a routine, get-acquainted session with the woman at the heart of the perjury and obstruction-of-justice case against Clinton. "We simply want her to understand that she's likely to be a witness," McCollum said earlier on ABC's "This Week." "We found her to be a very personable and impressive young woman, and we found that she might be a very helpful witness to the Senate if she's called," says Rep. Bill McCollum, R-Florida. "I believe that she would be a witness that would help (senators) determine the truth, and that's what we're all endeavoring to do during this process," says Rep. Asa Hutchinson, R-Arkansas.
But Lewinsky's attorney, Plato Cacheris, says Lewinsky adds nothing new to what she has said previously about her relationship with Clinton. And he makes a plea to the managers not to put her through the ordeal of testifying in the Senate. "It is unnecessary to call her as a witness, because all of her testimony is fully and completely disclosed," he says. "We hope, on behalf of Monica and her family, that this long nightmare that has endured in their lives will come to a quick conclusion." Democrats criticize the interview as a last-minute fishing expedition and an attempt to intimidate Lewinsky into changing her testimony to help the House managers. America's best-known floozy
(2) Former Clinton political confidant Dick Morris also meets for two hours with staff lawyers from the House Judiciary Committee, though no impeachment managers are present. Morris describes it as "a very good and a cordial meeting" during which the lawyers went over his grand jury testimony related to conversations with Clinton after the Lewinsky scandal broke. He said he provided some "amplification" in response to their questions. Morris: Willing to talk to just about anyone, anytime, anywhere
(3) Today the woman who claimed she was propositioned by then-Gov. Bill Clinton in an Arkansas hotel room attends an event in Beebe, Arkansas, also attended by the president. Paula Jones is spotted in the audience as the president makes remarks to a crowd of residents outside a wrecked shell of the junior high school in an area hit hard by a tornado on 21 January. "I didn't come to see him," Jones tells the press. "I came to see what they're going to do about the community." Jones, who lives in California with her husband Steve, says she is visiting friends in the area when the tornado hit. Jones is from nearby Cabot, Arkansas. Clinton seems unaware that Jones is in the crowd. He ignores reporters who seek some reaction from him about Jones' presence.
|1998 Estados Unidos sorprende a la comunidad internacional
con la amenaza de iniciar una acción militar contra Irak y, por lo tanto,
actuar fuera del marco del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas.
1996 The US Food and Drug Admnistration approves Olestra, the first zero-calorie artificial fat.
1996 Polish Premier, Jozef Oleksy, resigned due to allegations that he had spied for Moscow.
1996 MCI and News Corp. team up to win a Federal Communications Commission auction for a license to beam hundreds of television channels from a high-powered satellite. The companies paid a combined $682 million for the license and planned to start a direct broadcast satellite service (DBS). DBS, which broadcasts to small satellite dishes about the size of pizza boxes, was a fledgling industry at the time.
1994 Dow Jones closes above 3900 for first time (3914.48)
1994 Computer publisher Ziff-Davis announces its commercial online service, Interchange, offering e-mail, discussion groups, games, and articles from PC Magazine, MacUser, and other computer magazines. Later that year, the company sold Interchange to AT&T for $50 million, but AT&T shut the service down in 1996. Another Ziff-Davis venture, ZDNet, wauld become one of the most popular content sites on the Web.
1989 Amigos íntimos de Mitterrand son acusados en Francia de emplear información confidencial para negociar con acciones.
1989 The Rev. Barbara C. Harris, 55, of Boston, is confirmed as the first female bishop in the 450-year history of the Anglican Church.
1986 South Yemen Premier Haydar Bakr al-Attas becomes interim-president 1978
1986 The Voyager 2 space probe comes within 82'000 km of Uranus, giving scientists their best-ever look at the planet.
1985 José Antonio Ardanza es elegido presidente del Gobierno Autónomo Vasco, a consecuencia del acuerdo firmado días atrás entre el PNV y el PSOE.
| 1978 Carter
Executive Order on Intelligence (#12036)
1978 A nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunges through Earth's atmosphere and disintegrates, scattering radioactive debris over parts of northern Canada.
1977 Los GRAPO (Grupos de Resistencia Antifascista Primero de Octubre) secuestran en Madrid al presidente del Consejo Supremo de Justicia Militar, teniente general Villaescusa Quilis.
1975 Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England
1975 Rev. F. Donald Coggan, 66, is consecrated the 101th Archbishop of Canterbury (primate of Anglicanism). In the audience was Johannes Cardinal Willebrands, the first Vatican representative to attend this Anglican ceremony.
1962: 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany
1960 Algeria uprises against French President De Gaulle.
1959 Juan XXIII anuncia la convocatoria de un concilio ecuménico.
1958 After being heated to 100'000'000º, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in first man-made nuclear fusion
1944 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy.
1941 British troops march into Abyssinia
1939 Spanish government moves to Figueras
1935 first canned beer, "Krueger Cream Ale," is sold by Kruger Brewing Co in Richmond VA
1924 Russian city of St Petersburg (or Petrograd) renamed Leningrad. It will revert to St. Petersburg after the fall of Communism.
1924 Mussolini outlaws non-fascist labor unions.
1924 Kingsford, Michigan, the Ford Motor Company’s planned community, is incorporated as a village. The company owned large tracts of timber in the area, which were used to produce wooden auto-body panels like those commonly seen on its station wagons in later decades.
1900 Se adopta en Alemania la Ley Tirpitz sobre armamento naval.
1900 Londres y Pretoria inician una acción mediadora de paz en la Guerra de los Boers.
1900 Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
1895 While imprisoned in Iolani Palace, Queen Liliuokalani is forced to abdicate by representatives of the Republic of Hawaii.
1892 Battle at Mengo, Uganda French missionaries attack British missionaries.
1861 Federal troops from Fort Monroe are sent to Fort Pikens
1861 Arsenal at Augusta GA seized by Confederacy 1861 Georgia state troops take over the US Arsenal at
1847: 1500 New Mexican Indians and Mexicans defeated by US Colonel Price
1839 Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society.
1742 German leaders elect Charles Arbert, 44, "elector" of Bavaria Charles VII as Holy Roman Emperor, the only non-Habsburg one between 1437 and the end of the Holy Roman Emperor title in 1806.
1722 Czar Peter the Great begins civil system.
1679 King Charles II "the merry monarch", 48, during the English Restoration, disbands English parliament which had passed a Bill of Exclusion from succession to the throne of the king's Catholic brother James Duke of York (later James II) in the Anglican hysteria that had been fanned by the phony Popish Plot of 1678.
1652 Duke of Orléans joins Fronde rebels.
1643 Felipe IV despide a su valido, el conde-duque de Olivares, enfermo y hundido por el estrepitoso fracaso de su política.
1639 Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders.
1534 François I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy.
1521 Fernando Magallanes descubre la isla de San Pablo en el archipiélago de Tuamotú.
1458 Matthias I Corvinus chosen king of Hungary.
1336 Pedro IV es proclamado rey de Aragón tras la muerte de su padre Alfonso IV.
1118 Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II.
1076 Synod of Worms German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII
0817 St Paschal I begins his reign as Pope succeeding Stephen IV.
2005 A suicide car bomber, at a checkpoint on a street leading to the Baghdad party office of Iraq's puppet prime minister Iyad Allawi. Seven policemen and three civilians are wounded.
2004 Abdul Rahman Munif, 71, of kidney failure and heart disease, author whose critically praised novels looked at political oppression in the Middle East and were often banned by Arab governments. Munif wrote about 15 novels, including the five- part Mudun al- Milh (Cities of Salt) series, considered his masterpiece, and East of the Mediterranean. Cities of Salt deals with the changes that the exploitation of oil brought about among Bedouins in Saudi Arabia. No other Arab novelist has taken such a detailed look at the psychological and sociological impact of oil on a community. In The Ends he described the torture and suffering he endured as a political prisoner. The book did not reveal in which country the events took place, but it was believed to be Saudi Arabia. When Munif died, he was working on a book on Iraq, where he had studied and later worked. Many of his books were banned in Saudi Arabia and other countries for their political content. The Saudi authorities withdrew his Saudi citizenship in 1963 because of his political activities. Born in Jordan in January 1933 of a Saudi father and an Iraqi mother, he had lived in Syria since the late 1980's. The Syrians granted him citizenship, and he was married to a Syrian. His first novel was The trees and the assassination of Marzouq (1973). His other novels are A Majusi Love Story — When we had left the Bridge — The finals — The long distance race — and Ard al-Sawad (The land of the black), about the changes in the Iraq's Mesopotamia, a cradle of civilization.
2004 Three US soldiers and a suicide car bomber at a US checkpoint near a bridge across the Euphrates river, in Khaldiyah, Iraq. Six US soldiers and at least 8 Iraqis, including 6 women, are wounded.
2004 Two US soldiers, by roadside bomb striking their four-vehicle convoy north of Fallujah, Iraq.
2004 Ashraf al-Imbayed, 25, and Samir al-Imbayed, 23, distant relatives, Palestinians of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, unarmed, carrying binoculars and cell phones, shot by Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip, in an interdiction zone across the security barrier from the Israeli village Nahal Oz.
2004 Four Iraqi civilians, by truck bomb, as a US military police patrol arrives at a police station in Samarra, Iraq, 40 persons are wounded.
2003 Ito Konno Kinase, in Hawaii. She was born in Japan on 31 December 1889.
2002 Bakr Hamdan, 28, by two missiles fired from an Israeli helicopter at his car, late in the day. He was the Izzedine al Qassam commander in Gaza's Khan Yunis refugee camp.
2001 Liu Chunling, after setting herself on fire on Tien An Min square in Beijing together with her daughter Liu Siying, 12 (a 5th-grader), Hao Huijin (a middle school music teacher) and her daughter Chen Guo, 19, and Wang Jingong, 50 (a male driver). These four survive with severe burns. Chinese authorities say the five, from Kaifeng in Henan province, belonged to the Falun Gong and use this as a pretext for an intensified campaign against the movement, whose leaders deny that the five could have been members, for suicide is against the Falun Gong's Buddhist-inspired principles.
1994 Michalis Vranopoulos, 48, head of Greek state bank, murdered.
1993 Thurgood Marshall, 84, in Bethesda, Md., retired US Supreme Court Justice.
1991 Iraqi airmen, as a Saudi warplane shoots down two Iraqi jets above the Persian Gulf.
1989 Theodore Bundy, confessed serial killer of 28 women aged 9 to 26 (and unconfessed possibly of many more), in Florida's electric chair, after three trials, each leading to a death sentence, the last one for the 09 Feb 1978 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Kimberly Leach.
1982 Borsuk, mathematician.
1977 Cinco abogados laboralistas que se hallaban en un despacho de CC.OO (Comisiones Obreras) en Madrid, asesinados por un comando de ultraderechistas.
1966: All 106 passengers and 11 crew members aboard Air India Flight 101 from Beirut, a Boeing 707-437, with a defective No. 2 VOR, whose pilot misjudges his position and starts a descent that makes the plane crash into Mont Blanc at 4750 m, at 07:02 UT..
1955 Heawood, mathematician.
1953 [Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt, 77, General-field marshal (Normandy)
1943 Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
1943 Martha James, 21, throat slashed at 04:00 in a lower berth on Southern Pacific Express by the train's Black cook, Robert E. Lee Folkes, who had a record of sexual assaults, and would be executed in the gas chamber for this crime in January 1945.
1935 Juel, mathematician.
1930 Kneser, mathematician.
1920 Amadeo Modigliani, Italian painter born on 12 July 1884. MORE ON MODIGLIANI AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1915 Carl Haag, German artist born in 1820.
1914 Adolf Eberle, German artist born on 11 January 1843.
1890 (27 Jan?) Anton Hartinger, Austrian artist born on 13 June 1806. — an image
1874 Thousand's die as General J. van Swieten conquers Kraton Atjeh.
1849 Casparis Haanen, Dutch artist born in 1778.
| 1665 Carel van Savoyen, Dutch artist born in 1621.
1556, 830'000 victims of the deadliest earthquake in history, Shaanxi, China
1336 Alfonso IV the Benignant, 36, king of Aragon (1327-36)
0817 Stephen (IV) V, pope (816-817)
0661 Ali ibn Abu Talib kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered
0041 Caligula [G C Germanicus], 28, Roman emperor (37-41), assassinated
2003 The US Department of Homeland Security comes into being, to bringing together by 01 March 2003 the Secret Service, Coast Guard, Customs Service, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Transportation Security Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and 15 other federal agencies. It will total 170'000 employees. This is the largest reorganization of the US federal government since the Defense Department was created in 1947. The Department's Secretary, Tom Ridge [26 Aug 1945~], former governor of California, is sworn in. He was approved by the Senate on 22 January. He is 17th in the line of succession for the presidency. Preceding him (in accordance with the Presidential Succession Act of 1947) are 1. Vice President Richard Cheney [30 Jan 1941~] — 2. Speaker of the House John Dennis Hastert [02 Jan 1942~] — 3. President pro tempore of the Senate Ted Stevens [18 Nov 1923~] — 4. Secretary of State Colin Powell [05 Apr 1937~] — 5. Secretary of the Treasury Paul O19Neill [04 Dec 1935~] — 6. Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld [09 Jul 1932~] — 7. Attorney General John Ashcroft [09 May 1942~] — 8. Secretary of the Interior Gale A. Norton [11 Mar 1954~] — 9. Secretary of Agriculture Ann M. Veneman — 10. Secretary of Commerce Donald Evans [26 Jul 1946~] — 11. Elaine Chao (wife of US Senator Mitch McConnell, R-KY); she would be the Secretary of Labor, if she had been a “natural born citizen” (US Constitution II.7), but she was born in Taiwan (in 1953) — 12. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tommy G. Thompson [19 Nov 1941~] — 13. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Melquiades Rafael Martinez [23 Oct 1946~] — 14. Secretary of Transportation Norman Yoshiro Mineta [12 Nov 1931~] (the token Democrat in the Cabinet) — 15. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham [12 Jun 1962~] — 16. Secretary of Education Roderick Paige [17 Jun 1933~] — 17. Secretary of Veterans Affairs Anthony J. Principi [16 Apr 1944~] —(091227)
2002 Mim and Alif, in Dhaka, Bangladesh, conjoined twin girls. They would die on 29 January 2002, 10 hours after being surgically separated.
1984 The Apple Macintosh computer is introduced.
1950 Matilde Fernández, política española.
1932 Jaime García Añoveros, político español.
1931 Hörmander, mathematician.
1922 Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)
1919 William Nelson Copley, US artist.
1918 Granville Oral Roberts [–15 Dec 2009], US money-loving Pentecostal TV evangelist and phoney faith-healer. He would found fundamentalist Oral Roberts University in 1965, in Tulsa. — wikibio —(091227)
1916 Rafael Antonio Caldera [–24 Dec 2009], Venezuelan politician, president of Venezuela (11 Mar 1969 - 12 Mar 1974 _ and 02 Feb 1994 - 02 Feb 1999). — wikibio —(091227)
1915 Robert Motherwell, US Abstract Expressionist painter who died on 17 July 1991. MORE ON MOTHERWELL AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
| 1907 Maurice Couve de Murville [–24 Dec 1999],
French diplomat and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs from 01 June
1958 to 30 May 1968 and Prime Minister from 10 July 1968 to 20 June 1969.
1892 Johanne Svensson, in Denmark. She would die in Sweden on 29 May 2003.
1891 Abram S. Besicovitch, mathematician. He died in 1970.
1888 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel German inventor (first rocket-powered aircraft) who died on 30 January 1958.
1878 Edmond Bille [–08 Mar 1959], Swiss artist who died in 1959. — more at Art 4 January. —(091227)
1869 La Federación Regional Española de la Asociación Internacional de Trabajadores, al publicarse su manifiesto fundacional.
1820 Henry Jarvis Raymond, US journalist and politician who died on 18 June 1869.
1806 El sí de las niñas de Leandro Fernández de Moratín se estrena en Madrid.
1798 von Staudt, mathematician.
1776 Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann (in 1813 he changed Wilhelm to Amadeus), Prussian writer, composer, and painter, who died on 25 June 1822. He is known for his stories in which supernatural and sinister characters move in and out of men's lives, ironically revealing tragic or grotesque sides of human nature. — HOFFMANN ONLINE: Der Goldene Topf — Klein Zaches, genannt Zinnober Ein Märchen — Nachtstücke — (060124)
1679 Christian Wolff, German philosopher who died on 09 April 1754.
1670 William Congreve, English dramatist who died on 19 January 1729. CONGREVE ONLINE:. The Double-Dealer — Incognita: or, Love and Duty Reconcil'd — Love for Love — The Old Bachelor — The Way of the World — The Way of the World
1544 Gillis van Coninxloo (or Konimksloo) III, Flemish painter who died on 04 January 1607. MORE ON CONINXLOO AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
0076 Publius Aelius Hadrianus, son of a cousin of the emperor Trajan [15 Sep 53 – 08 Aug 117], whom he succeeded, becoming, on 11 August 117, the 14th Roman Emperor, Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus. A cultivated admirer of Greek civilization, he unified and consolidated Rome's vast empire. He died on 10 July 138. He was succeded by Antoninus Pius [19 Sep 86 – 07 Mar 161], and then Marcus Aurelius [26 Apr 121 – 17 Mar 180], who together with him, Trajan, and Trajan's predecessor, Nerva [30 – 27 Jan 98], are the “Five Good Emperors”.
| Saint François de Sales est né en Savoie en 1567. Evêque
de Genève, centre européen du calvinisme, il est devenu l'un des plus ardents
prédicateurs de la Contre-Réforme catholique et inspirera notamment le renouveau
religieux de l'abbaye de Port-Royal. Son «Introduction à la vie dévote»
est l'un des premiers chef-d'oeuvre de la langue française. Docteur de l'Eglise
depuis 1877 / Santos Francisco de Sales y Nuestra Señora de la Paz
YESTERDAY'S QUESTION OF THE DAY: The checked luggage of overweight travelers on certain flights is labeled FAT. Why? READ THE ANSWER.
Thoughts for the day:
Honesty is the best policy, but he who acts on that principle is not an honest man. Richard Whately, British theologian [1787-1863]
Honesty is the best policy, but he who acts on that principle is not a used car salesman.
Honesty is the best policy, but she who acts on that principle ... does she conform to a stereotype or the opposite?
The best honesty is not a policy.
Even the best policy may lack honesty, when it's a matter of insurance.
Never hold discussions with the monkey when the organ grinder is in the room. Winston Churchill [30 Nov 1874 – 24 Jan 1965]
Those who can win a war well can rarely make a good peace and those who could make a good peace would never have won the war. Winston Churchill
In war: resolution. In defeat: defiance. In victory: magnanimity. In peace: goodwill. Winston Churchill
It is a good thing for an uneducated man to read books of quotations. Winston Churchill (My Early Life, ch.9, 1930)
Men occasionally stumble over the truth, but most of them pick themselves up and hurry off as if nothing had happened. Winston Churchill
A fanatic is one who can't change his mind and won't change the subject. Winston Churchill
I like pigs. Dogs look up to us. Cats look down on us. Pigs treat us as equals Winston Churchill
A joke is a very serious thing. Winston Churchill
The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries. Winston Churchill
Everyone has his day and some days last longer than others. Winston Churchill
History will be kind to me for I intend to write it. Winston Churchill
It is best to leave the past to history, especially as I propose to write that history myself. Winston Churchill
You can always count on Americans to do the right thing after they've tried everything else. Winston Churchill
I am always willing to learn. I do not, however, always enjoy being taught. Winston Churchill
"In wartime, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies." Winston Churchill
I always avoid prophesying beforehand, because it is a much better policy to prophesy after the event has already taken place. Winston Churchill
"I cannot forecast to you the action of Russia. It is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma. Winston Churchill
MacDonald has the gift of compressing the largest amount of words into the smallest amount of thoughts. Winston Churchill
Democracy is the 'worst' form of Government except all those others that have been tried from time to time. Winston Churchill
Without tradition, art is a flock of sheep without a shepherd. Without innovation, it is a corpse. Winston Churchill
An iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Winston Churchill (in a 05 March 1946 speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri).
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