a 19 January:
2000 Michael Skakel, a nephew of Robert F. Kennedy, is charged with bludgeoning to death 15-year-old Martha Moxley in Greenwich, Conn., in 1975, when he was also 15. The charges are later dismissed for lack of evidence, but he remains the most likely murderer.
2001 Clinton admits wrongdoing, will not be indicted.
The Whitewater special prosecutor closes down his investigations in a deal in which Clinton admitted make false testimony under oath about Monica Lewinsky, is barred from law practice for 5 years, and pays a $25'000 fine in return for being freed from the threat of being indicted.
From the statement of the Independent Counsel Robert W. Ray:
President Clinton announced today his agreement to accept a five-year suspension of his license to practice law in the State of Arkansas. In that agreement, President Clinton acknowledged that he knowingly gave evasive and misleading answers in violation of Chief Judge Susan Webber Wright's discovery orders concerning his relationship with Monica Lewinsky and that that conduct was prejudicial to the administration of justice. In President Clinton's public statement, he acknowledged that he knowingly violated Judge Wright's discovery orders and that certain of his answers concerning his relationship with Monica Lewinsky were false. He also agreed not to seek legal fees in connection with this matter.
The country has reached the end of the tortuous path it has traveled for the last three years. By agreement with President Clinton, ... I have decided to exercise my discretion ... to decline prosecution of all matters within the January 16, 1998 jurisdictional mandate ... [which] ... authorized this Office to investigate whether "Monica Lewinsky or others suborned perjury, intimidated witnesses, obstructed justice . . . or otherwise violated federal law . . . in dealing with witnesses, potential witnesses, attorneys, or others concerning the civil case Jones v. Clinton." That matter will be closed.
Fifteen months ago ... I ... pledged to heed the words of Justice Sutherland who wrote 60 years ago that the prosecutor's foremost obligation is not to win a case, but to ensure that "justice shall be done." This resolution, by agreement with President Clinton, means that justice has, in fact, been done. It is in the best interests of law enforcement and the country.
I also believe that this resolution is faithful to this country's principles of liberty and law. During World War II, Judge Learned Hand wondered "whether we do not rest our hopes too much upon constitutions, upon laws, and upon courts." He went on to say, "Liberty lies in the hearts of men and women; when it dies there, no constitution, no law, no court can save it; no constitution, no law, no court can even do much to help it." He believed that "[t]he spirit of liberty is the spirit which is not too sure that it is right; the spirit of liberty is the spirit which seeks to understand the minds of other men and women; the spirit of liberty is the spirit which weighs their interests alongside its own without bias." ...
It is my hope that the result announced today will help restore faith and trust in federal law enforcement efforts in investigations of high ranking government officials. When he was Attorney General, Justice Robert H. Jackson observed that "the citizen's safety lies in the prosecutor who tempers zeal with human kindness, who seeks truth and not victims, who serves the law and not factional purposes, and who approaches his task with humility."
... President Clinton will be discharged from all criminal liability for matters within the remaining jurisdiction of this Office. These matters are now concluded.
Today, I signed a consent order in the lawsuit brought by the Arkansas Committee on Professional Conduct which brings to an end that proceeding.
I have accepted a five-year suspension of my law license, agreed to pay a $25'000 fine to cover counsel fees, and acknowledged a violation of one of the Arkansas model rules of professional conduct because of testimony in my Paula Jones case deposition. The disbarment suit will now be dismissed.
I have taken every step I can to end this matter. I've already settled the Paula Jones case, even after it was dismissed as being completely without legal and factual merit. I have also paid court and counsel fees and restitution and been held in civil contempt for my deposition testimony regarding Ms. Lewinsky, which Judge Wright agreed had no bearing on Ms. Jones case, even though I disagreed with the findings in the judge's order.
I will not seek any legal fees incurred as a result of the Lewinsky investigation to which I might otherwise become entitled under the Independent Counsel Act.
I have had occasion frequently to reflect on the Jones case. In this consent order, I acknowledge having knowingly violated Judge Wright's discovery orders in my deposition in that case. I tried to walk a fine line between acting lawfully and testifying falsely, but I now recognize that I did not fully accomplish this goal and that certain of my responses to questions about Ms. Lewinsky were false.
I have apologized for my conduct and I have done my best to atone for it with my family, my administration and the American people. I have paid a high price for it, which I accept because it caused so much pain to so many people. I hope my actions today will help bring closure and finality to the matters.
1999 Clinton impeachment trial: first day for the
House prosecutors, who carefully monitor Ruff's remarks and talk to reporters afterward, praise Ruff's skill as a lawyer but say they still believe Clinton deserves removal from office. Rep. Charles Canady (R-Florida) says Ruff did a good job in "making the best of what is an inherently weak case which he has to present in defense of the president." "I do not believe that he (Ruff) has expressed any convincing rationale for the Senate establishing a lower standard of integrity for the president of the United States than the standard the Senate has already established for federal judges," Canady says, referring to previous Senate impeachment of federal judges for perjury. Says Rep. Lindsey Graham (R-South Carolina), "If you can use your common sense and you can put the whole record together, I think it was a good presentation that didn't make the point that logic and common sense would allow to be made." Ruff wrapps up his opening-day presentation by mid-afternoon, leaving a break between the trial and the State of the Union speech, set for 9 p.m. ET. Clinton is not expected to mention the Senate trial in his speech. The trial resumes at 1 p.m. ET Jan. 20.
(2) The White House drops its plans to use House Judiciary Democrats as part of its defense team in the Senate impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton, because of objections by Democratic Sen. Robert Byrd of West Virginia. The White House had hoped to bring several House Democrats before the Senate to make the case that the House impeachment process was unfair. But as the plans were reported Jan. 18 and today, Byrd — a man known for his fierce defense of Senate rules and protocol — objects, saying there is no Senate precedent for allowing House members opposed to the chamber's impeachment decisions to participate in the Senate defense. A senior administration official says, "We wish it were different, and think they could have made a valuable contribution. But we are not going to let a procedural issue get in the way of our defense."
(3) Paula Jones' two sets of attorneys continue to squabble over division of Bill Clinton's $850,000 settlement check. Her current lawyers say her first legal team, which won a key round in her sexual harassment case at the US Supreme Court, isn't entitled to any share of her $850,000 settlement with President Clinton. The Dallas law firm of Rader, Campbell, Fisher & Pyke says in court papers filed today that Joseph Cammarata and Gilbert Davis' work was "riddled with malpractice" and that they abandoned her case because they lacked "professional ability" and "personal resolve." Cammarata and Davis say they were offended by the claim and that they left the case after Mrs. Jones refused their advice to accept a settlement offer that included $700,000 and a vague apology. They say they are owed $875,000. "Everything we touched, we won," Davis says. "Everything they touched, they lost." Cammarata adds: "It's a cheap attack on us to enrich themselves." A procedural objection to Clinton's procedures
(4) Vowing first to protect Social Security with trillions in expected budget surpluses, President Bill Clinton unveils a variety of pork-barrel initiatives in his seventh State of the Union address to Congress. The president does not mention his impeachment trial during his 77-minute speech. Most members of Congress routinely applaud, but some Republicans shake their heads, frown or refrain from clapping during Clinton's delivery. Several GOP House members boycott the speech to show their displeasure with Clinton, who faces removal from office for charges of perjury and obstruction of justice stemming from an affair with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
A congressional aide who never missed a State of the Union speech in 33 years working for the House dies from a heart attack immediately after President Clinton's address. Charles "Billy" Malry, 63, is pronounced dead at George Washington University Hospital, where he is rushed by a Navy ambulance after collapsing in the Democratic cloakroom next to the House floor following Clinton's speech. Cloakroom manager Barry Sullivan said Malry had been released from the hospital four days earlier after being treated for heart disease. "He said, 'I feel better and this is the State of the Union, and I haven't missed one. This is where I want to be,"' Sullivan recalled Malry telling people a few hours before Clinton's speech.
(5) Rep. Jennifer Dunn (R-Washington) and Rep. Steve Largent (R-Oklahoma) deliver the GOP response to Clinton's state of the union address. Smiling broadly, the two appear together on a balcony with the white-domed Capitol looming in the darkened background.
(6) A friend whose testimony cast doubt on Kathleen Willey's allegation of an unwanted sexual advance by President Clinton pleads innocent today and her lawyer vows to seek dismissal of the case brought by prosecutor Kenneth Starr. Accused of three counts of obstruction of justice and one of making a false statement, Julie Hiatt Steele says "I plead absolutely not guilty" during an appearance before US District Judge Claude Hilton. A trial date of March 30 (later reset to May 3) is set. Steele's lawyer, Nancy Luque, says she will file numerous pre-trial motions challenging the indictment, which accuses Ms. Steele of filing a false affidavit in the Paula Jones sexual harassment lawsuit against President Clinton. Luque says the indictment is incorrectly filed in Virginia because Starr wanted to avoid dealing with the federal courts in the District of Columbia. Starr suffered a setback there in a case he filed against another defendant in his investigation, Webster Hubbell. A federal judge threw out a tax case against Hubbell. Starr is appealing the action. Luque also says Starr has a conflict of interest stemming from the Jones case and promised to challenge the indictment on that ground. Luque offers to waive the speedy trial requirement and delay the case, but the judge says there is no reason not to proceed promptly.
| 1997 A l'appel de l'opposition, plusieurs milliers de
personnes manifestent dans le centre de Tirana, en Albanie, pour protester
contre la faillite fauduleuse de sociétés nationales d'épargne et réclamer
1997 Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron for the first time in more than 30 years, joining 60'000 Palestinians in celebrating the handover of the last West Bank city in Israeli control.
1996 A four-day hijack of the Black Sea ferry, Avrasya, by pro-Chechen gunmen ends near Istanbul without a shot fired. The attackers had threatened to blow up their 200 hostages.
1995 In Chechnya, Russian forces hoist their flag over Grozny's battered presidential palace after seizing it from Chechen patriots. Le drapeau russe est hissé sur le palais présidentiel de Grozny, abandonné par les conbattants tchétchénes.
1993 Robert M Gates, ends term as 15th director of CIA
1993 Israel recognizes PLO as no longer criminal Le Parlement israélien aboli la loi interdisant à tout Israélien de rencontrer des membres de l'Organisation de libération de la Palestine (OLP).
1992 IBM announces a nearly $5B loss for 1992
1991 During the Gulf War, Israel's anti-missile force was boosted by additional Patriot missile batteries and US crews. A second Iraqi missile attack caused 29 injuries in Tel Aviv. Allied forces began bombarding Iraq's elite Republican Guard.
1989 En Pologne le général Jaruzelski propose la législation du syndicat Solidarité.
1989 President Reagan pardons George Steinbrenner for illegal funds for Nixon
1986 Spain recognizes Israel
1984 California Supreme Court refuses to allow quadriplegic Elizabeth Bouvia to starve herself to death in a public hospital, she appeals and is later granted the right to die.
1979 Former US Attorney General John N. Mitchell was released on parole after serving 19 months at a federal prison in Alabama.
1978 Judge William H Webster appointed head of FBI
1978 Sortie des usines Wokswagen de la 16'200'000ème et dernière coccinelle.
1976 US President Gerald R. Ford's State of the Union address.
1975 La Grande-Bretagne et l'Armée Républicaine Irlandaise (IRA) conviennent d'engager des négociations directes, pour la première fois depuis le début des troubles en Irlande du Nord, cinq ans plus tôt.
1974 Belgium government of Leburton falls
1970 US President Richard Nixon nominates G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court; however, the nomination would be defeated because of Carswell's past racist views.
1966 Indira Gandhi elected India's 3rd prime minister Mme Indira Gandhi, devient Premier Ministre indien. Elle annonce son intention d'adopter une politique de non-alignement dans les affaires mondiales. (elle sera assasinée le 31 octobre 1984)
1956 Le Soudan devient le 9ème membre de la Ligue arabe.
1945 En France l'écrivain Robert Brazillach est condamné à mort pour intelligence avec l'ennemi (il sera exécuté le 06 Feb 1946).
1945 Les forces soviétiques entrent à Cracovie (Pologne).
1944 US rail workers settle a wage dispute, thus ending the federal government's seizure of the nation's railroads ordered by President Franklin Roosevelt on 27 December 1943, to prevent a strike.
1943 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
1942 Japanese forces invade Burma
1941 British troops occupy Kassalaf Sudan
1937 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in 7h28m25s.
1927 British government decides to send troops to China
1925 -48ºF (-44ºC), Van Buren ME (state record)
1922 Geological survey says US oil supply will be depleted in 20 years
1921 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador sign Pact of Union
1920 US Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
1920 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
1919 A Paris, la Conférence de la Paix, dès son ouverture, met en évidence les désaccords entre les alliés sur la question des réparations.
1918 Soviets disallows a Constitution Assembly Les bolcheviques dissolvent l'Assemblée constituante russe de Petrograd
1913 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France
1910 Germany and Bolivia ends commerce/friendship treaty
1903 New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced (will start July 1)
1889 The Salvation Army split, as one faction within the denomination renounced allegiance to founder William Booth. Booth's son Ballington and his wife Maud led the American splinter group, which in 1896 incorporated itself as a separate denomination known as the Volunteers of America.
1883 Thomas Edison's first village electric lighting system using overhead wires began operation in Roselle, NJ.
1863 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
1862 Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
1861 MS troops take Fort Massachusetts an Ship Island
1861 Georgia becomes 5th state to secede. After an animated debate in which Alexander H. Stephens and Herschel V. Johnson, who had been the candidate on the Douglas ticket for Vice-President, opposed the measure, the Georgia convention passed an Ordinance of Secession 208 to 89. The opponents of the ordinance accepted the decision of the convention, and Mr. Stephens was chosen later as Vice-President of the Southern Confederacy. Had already seceded: South Carolina, Mississippi (09 Jan), Florida (10 Jan), Alabama (11 Jan).
1859 La France et la Sardaigne signent un traîté d'alliance.
1833 Charles Darwin reaches Straits Ponsonby, Fireland
1812 L'armée anglaise du duc de Wellington s'empare de Ciudad Rodrigo en Espagne.
1806 Britain occupies the Cape of Good Hope
1795 Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy 1795 L'armée française occupe la Hollande
1793 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death
1770 Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan).
1764 John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Stirling
1668 King Louis XIV and Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain
1493 Charles VIII of France cedes Roussillon and Cerdagne to Aragon by treaty of Barcelona Traité de Barcelone. Par ce traité Charles VIII le roi de France rend à l'Aragon, le Roussillon et la Cerdagne au roi d'Espagne. Carles VIII de França retorna els comtats de Cerdanya i Rosselló.
1419 French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years War
2006 Don I. Bragg, 33, and Ellery “Elvis” Hatfield, 47, miners, in fire inside Aracoma Coal's Alma No. 1 mine in Melville, West Virginia, caused by a conveyer belt catching fire, some 3 km into the mine and 275m below ground. The other ten miners in their crew and nine other miners working in a different section of the mine rushed out and were unharmed, but when Bragg and Hatfield's team stopped to put on their emergency oxygen masks, the two became separated and were trapped.— (060121)
2005 Two Iraqis, when US troops shoot after a car bomb exploded next to their convoy in Mosul, Iraq.
2005 An Iraqi police officer by a car bomb in Hillah, Iraq.
2005 One bystander, in Irbil, Iraq, by gunfire at the convoy of Maj. Gen. Wirya Maarouf, dean of a police academy in Iraqi Kurdistan (who is not hurt). Another bystander is injured.
2005 One PUK member shot from a car at a Baghdad office of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, of which another member is wounded.
2005 One person by a car bomb in northern Baghdad around noon near a bank and a Shiite mosque.
2005 Two Iraqi security guards by a car bomb southwest of Baghdad International Airport.
2005 Three Iraqi soldiers by a car bomb at the main gate of a garrison located at a disused airport in central Baghdad, Iraq.
2005 Six persons by a car bomb at a police station next to a hospital in eastern Baghdad, a half hour after the explosion near the Australian embassy
2005 Two persons and a suicide dump truck driver of “al-Qaida in Iraq” ( led by Jordanian-born Abu Musab al-Zarqawi), outside the concrete barriers protecting the Australian embassy in Baghdad, Iraq.
2002 Suliman Fanatfeh, 17, Islamic student, while in police custody after being arrested in Maan, Jordan. Blaming police brutality, rioters attack the police station on 21 and 22 January. The police say that Fanatfeh was about to carry out a robbery, threw himself off a rooftop as he was about to be arrested, and that they took him first to a hospital in Maan and then to one in Amman (215 km away), where he died.
2001 José Luis Ortega Mata, por dos disparos de arma de fuego en la cabeza, Ojinaga, Chihuahua. El dirigía un semanario en el que regularmente efectuaba denuncias ligadas a la operación del crimen organizado y del narcotráfico
2000 Bettino Craxi, 64, first Socialist Prime Minister of Italy (1983-87), in Hammamet, Tunisia, to where he had fled in 1994 to avoid 5½ years of prison for his involvement in an illegal financing of Italian political parties.
1997: 310 morts alors que l'armée gouvernementale rwandaise lance une offensive contre les miliciens hutus à Ruhengeri au Rwanda.
1997: 42 morts quand une voiture piégée explose dans le centre d'Alger, 100 blessés.
1990 Jean Mantelet, fondateur de Moulinex et inventeur du premier moulin à légumes.
1975 Thomas Hart Benton, US Regionalist painter born on 15 April 1889. MORE ON BENTON AT ART 4 JANUARY
1960:: 42 persons as a SAS Caravelle airplane crashes into a hill near Ankara.
1945 Kaluza, mathematician
1919 Dozens killed by "tidal wave" of molasses 15 meters high x 25 meters wide, Boston
1871 Henri Alexandre Georges Regnault, French painter specialized in Orientalism, born on 30 October 1843. MORE ON REGNAULT AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1729 William Congreve, in London, English dramatist born on 24 January 1670. CONGREVE ONLINE:. The Double-Dealer — Incognita: or, Love and Duty Reconcil'd — Love for Love — The Old Bachelor — The Way of the World — The Way of the World
1716 Jaspar Broers, Flemish artist born on 21 April 1682.
1635 Marcus Gerards (or Geerards, Garrand), Flemish artist born in 1561.
1629 Abbas I, 57, Shah of Persia (1588-1629)
1547 Henry Howard, 29, Earl of Surrey, army commander / poet
1479 Juan II , 81, king of Aragón / Navarra
1915 Neon tube sign patented by George Claude
1912 Kantorovich, mathematician.
1911 Garrett Birkhoff, mathematician.
1908 Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, mathematician.
1889 Sophie Henriette Taeuber-Arp (Täuber), Swiss painter, sculptor, and designer, who died on 13 January 1943. — more with links to images.
1887 Alexander Woollcott, US author and critic who died on 23 January 1943.
1879 Fubini, mathematician.
1867 Jean Delville, Belgian Symbolist painter, decorative artist and writer who died in 1953. MORE ON DELVILLE AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1865 Macdonald, mathematician.
1859 Henry Herbert La Thangue, British painter who died on 21 December 1929. MORE ON LA THANGUE AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1842 George Trumbull Ladd, US philosopher and psychologist who died on 08 August 1921.
1839 Paul Cézanne, French Post-Impressionist painter who died on 22 October 1906. MORE ON CÉZANNE AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1833 Clebsch, mathematician.
1825 Canned food patented by Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett.
1819 William Powell Frith, Britist artist who died on 02 November 1909. MORE ON FRITH AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1813 Sir Henry Bessemer engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)
1806 Pierre Justin Ouvrié, French artist who died on 23 October 1879, and who may or may not have been born on 19 May 1806 rather than 19 January.
1736 James Watt, Scotland, (inventor: condensing steam engine; the watt, a unit of power, was named after him). He died on 25 August 1819.
1724 Tai Chen, Chinese philosopher who died on 01 July 1777.
1544 Francis II de Valois-Angoulême king of France (1559-1560)
0570 Mohammed Islamic prophet (Koran)