a 15 January:
2009 Miracle on the Hudson: At 15:25 (20:25 UT) the Airbus A320 of US Airways Flight 1549 takes off from New York's LaGuardia airport, headed to Charlotte, North Carolina. At 15:27, at an altitude of 1000 m, it collides with a flight of geese, which disables the engines of the aircraft. At 15:31 its captain Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger [23 Jan 1951~] manages to glide to a landing in the Hudson river, near some boats which, while the plane is slowly sinking, rescue all 150 passengers and the 5 crew members. Five of them suffer serious injuries, and another 73 have to be treated for minor injuries and hypothermia (the temperature of the air is -7ºC, that of the water 2ºC). — details at wikipedia —(100115)
2003 The American Civil Liberties Union releases a report [in PDF format] warning that the US is becoming closer to being a total surveillance society. The report concludes that if people in the US do not take steps to control and regulate surveillance to bring it into conformity with their values, they will find themselves being tracked, analyzed, profiled, and flagged in their daily lives to a degree that can scarcely be imagined. They will be forced into an impossible struggle to conform to the letter of every rule, law, and guideline, lest they create ammunition for enemies in the government or elsewhere.
According to a court filing by the US Securities and Exchange Commission,
ClearOne Communications Corp. (CLRO) has overstated revenues, income and
accounts receivable by improperly recording some transactions with its distributors
and resellers as sales.
The violations reach back to when it became apparent that ClearOne would not meet its sales and revenue projections for the quarter ended 31 March 2001.
By the end of June 2002, about half of the $13 million in revenue claimed by ClearOne in that quarter resulted from inventory stuffed in the distribution channels or sitting in a warehouse or garage.
The complaint seeks a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunctions against the company and two of its officers, chairman and chief executive Frances M. Flood and chief financial officer Susie Strohm. The complaint also seeks monetary penalties and the appointment of a special monitor to oversee sales, billings and collections.
ClearOne sells conferencing and assisted listening products and conference calling, Webconferencing, and document conferencing services. It reported a net loss of $1.2 million, or 10 cents a share, on sales of $13 million for the quarter ended 30 September 2002.
On 16 January 2003, on the NASDAQ, 4.3 million of the 11.2 million CLRO shares are traded, dropping from the 15 January close of $2.70 to an intraday low of $1.42 and close at $1.54. They had traded as high as $18.80 as recently as 24 May 2002. [< 5~year price chart]
2001 Dred Scott documents go on the web
Efforts to preserve the court records of Dred Scott's unsuccessful challenge of Missouri slavery law, which helped push the nation toward civil war, move to the Internet. The Missouri State Archives worked with St. Louis Circuit Court and Washington University to put 170 pages of the original Scott documents on a Web site at http://www.library.wustl.edu/vlib/dredscott inaugurated on this Martin Luther King Day. Preservation efforts are vital because some records in the Scott case have been lost, and many court records from the same period are crumbling into dust.
In 1857, the US Supreme Court struck down a ban on slavery in the territories and denied Scott his freedom.
On 6 Apris 1846 slave Dred Scott had filed a declaration according to which, two days earlier, his owner had "beat, bruised, and ill-treated him" and imprisoned him for twelve hours. Scott adds that he claims to be a free man by virtue of his past residence in free territories.
Scott's beginnings were quite humble. Born somewhere in Virginia around 1800, he was taken by his owner, Peter Blow, to Alabama and then, in 1830, to St. Louis, Missouri. Two years later Peter Blow died; Scott was subsequently bought by army surgeon Dr. John Emerson, who later took Scott to Fort Armstrong in the free state of Illinois. In the spring of 1836, after a stay of two and a half years, Emerson moved to Fort Snelling in the Wisconsin Territory (closed to slavery by the Missouri Compromise of 1820), taking Scott along. While there, Scott met and married Harriet Robinson, a slave owned by a local justice of the peace. Ownership of Harriet was transferred to Emerson.
Scott's extended stay in Illinois, a free state, gave him the legal standing to make a claim for freedom, as did his extended stay in Wisconsin, where slavery was also prohibited. But Scott never made the claim while living in the free lands — perhaps because he was unaware of his rights at the time, or perhaps because he was content with his master.
After two years, the army transferred Emerson to the south: first to St Louis, then to Fort Jessup in Louisiana. A little over a year later, a recently-married Emerson summoned his slave couple. Instead of staying in the free territory of Wisconsin, or going to the free state of Illinois, the two travelled over 1600 km, apparently unaccompanied, down the Mississippi River to meet their master.
Only after Emerson's death in 1843, after Emerson's widow hired Scott out to an army captain, did Scott seek freedom for himself and his wife. First he offered to buy his freedom from Mrs. Emerson — then living in St. Louis — for $300. The offer was refused. Scott then sought freedom through the courts, starting the legal process with the declaration he made on April 6, 1846. He had strong legal backing for his claim to freedom; the Supreme Court of Missouri had freed many slaves who had traveled with their masters in free states. In the Missouri Supreme Court's 1836 Rachel v. Walker ruling, it decided that Rachel, a slave taken to Fort Snelling and to Prairie du Chien in Illinois, was free.
Despite these precedents, Scott lost the first Scott v. Emerson trial, in June 1847, on a technicality — he couldn't prove that he and Harriet were owned by Emerson's widow. The following year the Missouri Supreme Court decided that the case should be retried. In an 1850 retrial, the St Louis circuit court ruled that Scott and his family were free.
By the early 1850's, however, sectional conflict had arisen again and uglier than ever, and most Missourians did not encourage the freeing of slaves. Even judicially Scott was at a disadvantage; the United States Supreme Court's Strader v. Graham decision (1851) set some precedents that were unfavorable to Scott, and two of the three justices who made the final decision in Scott's appearance before the Missouri Supreme Court were proslavery. As would be expected, they ruled against Scott in 1852, with the third judge dissenting.
Scott and his lawyers then took his case out of the state judicial system and into the federal judicial system by bringing it to the US Circuit Court for the District of Missouri. In 1854, the Circuit Court upheld the decision of the Missouri Supreme Court.
There was now only one other place to go. Scott appealed his case to the United States Supreme Court. The nine justices of the Supreme Court of 1856 certainly had biases regarding slavery. Seven had been appointed by pro-slavery presidents from the South, and of these, five were from slave-holding families. Still, if the case had gone directly from the state supreme court to the federal supreme court, the federal court probably would have upheld the state's ruling, citing a previously established decision that gave states the authority to determine the status of its inhabitants.
But, in his attempt to bring his case to the federal courts, Scott had claimed that he and the case's defendant (Mrs. Emerson's brother, John Sanford, who lived in New York) were citizens from different states. The main issues for the Supreme Court, therefore, were whether it had jurisdiction to try the case and whether Scott was indeed a citizen.
The Dred Scott v. Sandford decision of the US Supreme court was read in March of 1857. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney — a staunch supporter of slavery — wrote the "majority opinion" for the court. It stated that because Scott was black, he was not a citizen and therefore had no right to sue. The decision also declared the Missouri Compromise of 1820, legislation which restricted slavery in certain territories, unconstitutional.
This decision concerned whether African-Americans could be considered United States citizens and capable of bringing suit in federal courts. The Court relied upon historic discrimination which denied African-Americans the rights of citizens. The Court's most conclusive example (their terms) was New Hampshire's 1815 laws which denied militia participation to African-Americans: "Nothing could more strongly mark the entire repudiation of the African race." (P. 415) Among the resulting parade of horribles should African-Americans be considered citizens, the Court enumerated the rights of citizens and included the right to arms: "It would give to persons of the negro race, ... the right to enter every other State whenever they pleased, ... the full liberty of speech in public and in private upon all subjects upon which its own citizens might speak; to hold public meetings upon political affairs, and to keep and carry arms wherever they went." (P. 417) Asserting the federal government had no power to enact Territorial laws which would infringe property rights (slaves as property), the court listed rights individuals possess upon entering a Territory destined to become a state and again mentioned the right to arms: "... no one, we presume, will contend that Congress can make any law in a Territory respecting the establishment of religion, or the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people of the Territory peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for the redress of grievances." "Nor can Congress deny to the people the right to keep and bear arms, nor the right to trial by jury, nor compel any one to be a witness against himself in a criminal proceeding.... The powers over person and property of which we speak are not only not granted to Congress, but are in express terms denied, and they are forbidden to exercise them." (Pp. 450-51) In this respect the Dred Scott decision is similar to its contemporary, Cooper and Warsham v. Savannah, 4 Ga. 68, 72 (1848). It is likewise similar to other Supreme Court decisions which list individual rights and include the right to arms. (Robertson v. Baldwin, 165 US 275, 281-282 (1897); United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez, 494 US 259, 265 (1990)) Other points of interest could be the Court's profession of duty to interpret the Constitution "according to its true intent and meaning when it was adopted." (p. 405); quoting "an American patriot" for the point that "European sovereigns give lands to their colonists, but reserve power to control their property and liberty" whereas the "American government sells lands belonging to the people of the several states ... to their citizens, who are already in possession of personal and political rights, which the Government did not give, and cannot take away." (P. 513)(Campbell concurring). For further information on Dred Scott, visit Sonja's Dred Scott page (includes a photo of Mr. Scott) and Lisa Cozzens' Dred Scott: Introduction.]
While the decision was well-received by slaveholders in the South, many northerners were outraged. The decision greatly influenced the nomination of Abraham Lincoln to the Republican Party and his subsequent election, which in turn led to the South's secession from the Union.
Peter Blow's sons, childhood friends of Scott, had helped pay Scott's legal fees through the years. After the Supreme Court's decision, the former master's sons purchased Scott and his wife and set them free. Dred Scott died nine months later.
Elian Gonzalez, with his cousin Marisleysis and great uncle Lázaro
González, enjoys the clowns at the Barnum and Bailey Circus in the
Other unaccompanied immigrant children are imprisoned like criminals and can only cry.
Greenspan: to prevent inflation, more immigration is needed. Otherwise interest rates will rise.
1999 Clinton impeachment trial, 2nd day: prosecution continues.
(1) During the second day of their opening statements in the Senate trial of President Bill Clinton, House prosecutors focus on the specific sexual details of Clinton's affair with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky, claiming his grand jury testimony shows the president "perjured himself above all else." Kicking off the prosecutors' statements Friday, Rep. Bill McCollum (R-Florida) walks step-by-step through what he describes as "perjurious" testimony by Clinton in both the Paula Jones civil rights case and before Independent Counsel Ken Starr's grand jury. Echoing Thursday's "fact team" statements, McCollum asks senators to view the evidence in the case as "one big obstruction," saying the president worked out a scheme to cover up his affair with Lewinsky to protect himself in the Jones lawsuit. McCollum says the president encouraged the filing of a false affidavit by Lewinsky in the Jones case. "If you believe Monica Lewinsky, can there be any doubt that the president was suggesting that she file an affidavit that would contain lies and falsehoods?" McCollum says. McCollum asks the Senate to believe the testimony of Lewinsky as proof the president "knowingly, intentionally" sought to obstruct justice. Characterizing Lewinsky as a "credible" witness McCollum appeals to those senators who doubt her testimony to call her as a witness in the trial. "The record is so clear on this that if you have any significant doubt about Monica Lewinsky's credibility on this testimony, you should have us bring her in here and examine her face-to-face and judge her credibility yourself," McCollum says. "If you believe the testimony of Monica Lewinsky, you cannot believe the president or accept the argument of his lawyers," McCollum states.
The senators postpone a decision on the controversial question of witness when they agreed to the bipartisan roadmap for the trial, allowing opening statements to begin this week. Judiciary Committee sources say such an invitation to the president is a "possibility" and "a thought" shared by many of the 13 managers, all Republican committee members. Democrats and the White House do not want witnesses called, and argue that the mountain of evidence passed on from the House should serve as the official record.
Showing the Clinton and Lewinsky testimonies to be mutually exclusive
Rep. George Gekas then says Clinton violated federal laws, "obliterating
the rights of Paula Jones" to a fair trial in her civil rights case against
the president. The Pennsylvania Republican's statement opens the second
phase of the House managers' opening presentation, focusing on the law
as it applies to perjury and obstruction of justice (the first group concentrated
on the facts of the case). Gekas tells senators Clinton's perjury began
in December 1997 when attorneys for Jones requested a list of women (other
than his wife) who had worked as government employees under Governor or
President Clinton and allegedly had sexual activity with him. "None,"
Clinton answered. That was a lie, says Gekas, because Clinton knew the
most common definition of sex was being used. Gekas points out the president's
answers to questions in the Jones case preceded his January 1998 deposition
when the definition of sex was more carefully outlined.
Reps. Steve Chabot (R-Ohio) and Chris Cannon (R-Utah) also make presentations
on the law of perjury and obstruction of justice. OK, so maybe he's not
the brightest bulb in the House The final speaker, Rep. Bob Barr (R-Georgia),
agrees with McCollum saying, "The president's position is simply not credible.
It defies the evidence. It defies any reasonable interpretation of the
evidence. It defies common sense. And it defies the law." Barr, like those
before him, goes through conversations between the president and Lewinsky,
dissecting testimony, and drawing conclusions. Barr and Gekas acknowledge
the repetition in their statements, but tell senators it is necessary
to have a complete record.
(2) House managers will wrap up their presentation Jan. 16. When the trial resumes at 10 a.m. ET, Reps. Charles Canady (R-Florida), Steve Buyer (R-Indiana) and Lindsey Graham (R-South Carolina) will speak on constitutional law as it applies to the impeachment case against Clinton. Lawyers for the president will present their defense case the following week. An ultraliberal dinosaur gets his 15 seconds of fame (3) The first family's lawyers have questioned Linda Tripp under oath for the first time since the Monica Lewinsky scandal broke, taking a lengthy deposition for a lawsuit filed against the Hillary Rodham Clinton by a conservative group. Two sources familiar with the White House legal strategy say that Tripp is questioned by attorneys at Williams and Connolly, one of the private law firms handling legal matters for President Bill Clinton and the first lady. Tripp is a witness in a case filed by Judicial Watch, a conservative group that has pressed a number of ethics and other claims against the Clinton Administration. The sources decline to get into details of the Tripp deposition, but they say the Williams and Connolly attorneys did spend considerable time exploring Tripp's political motivations, and tried to build a record of sworn testimony that, in the words of one, "shows she has a problem with the truth." (4) First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton appears moved to tears by her husband's off-the-cuff tribute for her perseverance through difficult times. "I love her for it," President Clinton says. The Clintons headline the annual Democratic National Committee gala fund-raising dinner late tonight. Seemingly tired after a quick shuttle to and from New York for an economic speech, the president spoke wistfully — and at length — about his administration's accomplishments over six years. "Of course, I don't even know how to talk about what I believe Hillary has meant to the success of our endeavors," Clinton says. He ticks off a list of what she had done, where she had traveled "and just a thousand other things." "And she has done it under circumstances I think are probably more difficult than anyone who has ever done it before," the president said. Mrs. Clinton wipes her eyes. "I love her for it, but our country should love her for it as well."
| 1999 Dos entidades bancarias españolas, Banco Santander
y Banco Central Hispano, protagonizan la primera fusión en la era del euro.
1998 Croacia recupera el último territorio en manos de Serbia.
1998 NASA announces that John Glenn, 76, may fly in space again. And he did, as a payload specialist aboard the space shuttle mission STS-95, which lasted from 981029 to 981107. The oldest person ever to travel in space, Glenn participated in experiments designed to study similarities between the process of aging and the body's adaptation to weightlessness. Since he is a senator, it is also good politics.
1998 Apple Reports First Profit in Two Years On this day in 1998, Apple executives joyfully announced the company had finally started making money again after two years of losses. Executives hoped the turnaround would help Apple once again become an important force in the computer industry. Apple, which led the computer industry in the early '80s, saw demand steadily shrink during the '90s.
1997 Warren Christopher, secretario de Estado y Wiliam Perry, secretario de Defensa, abandonan sus cargos en el Gobierno de Estados Unidos.
1997 El transbordador estadounidense Atlantis consigue acoplarse sin problemas a la estación orbital rusa MIR.
1996 Ailing Greek Premier Andreas Papandreou resigns.
1996 Risking the lives of more than 100 hostages (not to mention innocent civilians) in an effort to wipe out their Chechen captors, the Russian military hurls rockets and shells at the tiny village of Pervomayskaya.
1995 Por primera vez en 25 años, los soldados británicos estuvieron casi ausentes en las calles de Irlanda del Norte, como muestra del "reconocimiento de la paz" que vuelve a reinar en el Ulster.
1992 Bulgaria recognizes Macedonia
1992 The Yugoslav federation, founded in 1918, effectively collapses as the European Community recognizes the republics of Croatia and Slovenia. La CE reconoce a Croacia y Eslovenia, lo que supone la desmembración de Yugoslavia como Estado unitario a efectos europeos.
1991 With hours remaining before a United Nations deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar makes a final appeal to Saddam Hussein to remove his troops. De acuerdo con la resolución 678 que el Consejo de Seguridad había tomado el 29 noviembre, se produce un despliegue militar de las fuerzas multinacionales en Arabia Saudí para combatir a Saddam Hussein, lo que llevará a la llamada guerra del Golfo.
1990 While one Pacific storm crossed the Central Rockies, another approaches the US west coast. The northern mountains of Utah are buried under 17 to 35 inches of snow while the mountains of southern Utah received another 12 to 16 inches. Eighteen cities in the central US reported record high temperatures for the date as readings warmed into the 50s and 60s. Wichita KS reported a record high of 68 degrees.
1987 A powerful storm over the Southern Plateau and the Southern Rockies produced 24 inches of snow at Colorado Springs CO, including 22 inches in 24 hours, a January record. High winds in the southwestern US gusted to 65 mph in the Yosemite Valley of California.
1980 El Senado español aprueba la Ley de Referéndum.
1978 Aprobación mediante referéndum de la Constitución de Ecuador.
1976 Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life in prison for attempting to shoot President Ford in San Francisco.
1976 Excomulgado el obispo Clemente Domínguez, fundador de la orden de las Carmelitas de la Santa Paz y precursor de las peregrinaciones al Palmar de Troya (Sevilla).
1975 Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence.
1973 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court
| 1970 Israeli archaeologists reported uncovering the
first evidence supporting the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by military
forces of the ancient Roman Empire.
1964 Teamsters negotiate first national labor contract
1962 Dutch and Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea
1955 USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic.
1955 La URSS, dispuesta a transmitir a otros países conocimientos sobre el uso pacífico de la energía atómica.
1952 A six day snowstorm was in progress in the western US The storm produced 44 inches of snow at Marlette Lake NV, 52 inches at Sun Valley ID, and 149 inches at Tahoe CA, establishing single storm records for each of those three states. In addition, 24 hour snowfall totals of 22 inches at the University of Nevada, and 26 inches at Arco ID, established records for those two states. The streamliner, 'City of San Francisco' was snowbound in the Sierra Nevada Range, near Donner Summit.
1951 Frenada por fuerzas de la ONU la ofensiva comunista en Corea.
1950 Some 4000 persons attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Washington DC
1949 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
1945 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
1944 General Eisenhower arrives in England
1944 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
1943 first transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
1943 Japanese driven off Guadalcanal
1943: Building the Pentagon [photo >] is finished, as 1000 workers complete the air conditioning system. The structure covers 14 hectares of land and has 27 km of corridors.
1942 Jawaharlal Nehru sucede a Rajiv Gandhi al frente del Partido Popular del Congreso indio.
1941 Alfonso XIII abdica en Roma de sus derechos al trono español en su hijo el Príncipe don Juan.
1936 Se firma el pacto electoral del Frente Popular, por el que republicanos, socialistas y comunistas se unifican en un único partido que será elegido ese mismo año.
1925 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP.
1923 Lithuania annexes the territory of Memel, which Germany lost in World War I, and which the Allies were about to make an independent country. It had a large Lithuanian population.
1922 Irish Free State forms; Michael Collins becomes first premier
1919 Pianist and statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes the first premier of the newly created republic of Poland.
1915 Japan claims economic control of China.
1913 Primera transmisión telefónica sin hilos entre Nueva York y Berlín.
1907 Gold dental inlays first described by William Taggart, who invented them
1907 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr Lee de Forest.
| 1895 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
1892 The rules of basketball are published for the first time, in Springfield, Massachusetts, where the game originated.
1862 Edwin M. Stanton confirmed as US Secretary of War.
1861 Elisha Graves Otis patented an independently controlled steam engine for elevator use. He had already invented the safety elevator in 1852. He died 18610408.
1851 General Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
1844 The Catholic University of Notre Dame is chartered by the state of Indiana.
1834 Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa es nombrado presidente del Gobierno español por la Reina regente.
1833 HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree, Tierra del Fuego.
1810 Joseph Bonaparte, al frente de un Ejército de 80'000 hombres, llega a Sierra Morena, iniciando la ocupación de Andalucía.
1798 Francisco de Goya y Lucientes empieza a pintar los frescos de la iglesia madrileña de san Antonio de la Florida.
1797 First top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
1777 People of New Connecticut (which would later become the state of Vermont) declare independence from England.
1759 British Museum opens in Montague House, London
1752 Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Fielding of plagiarism.
1724 Luis I es proclamado rey de España.
| 1697 The citizens of Massachusetts spent a day of
fasting and repentance for their roles in the Salem
witch trials of 1692.. Judge Samuel Sewall, who had presided over many
of those 20 capital judgments, published a written confession acknowledging
his own "blame and shame."
1586 Battle at Boxum Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army.
1582 Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland, loses access to the Baltic.
1562 3rd period of Council of Trent opens. That council lasted, on and off, from 1545 to 1563.
1535 Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church
0708 Sisinnius consecrated Pope. He would die on 04 February 708.
2008 Jesus Reynaldo A. Roda , Catholic missionary priest of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.), pastor of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary church, and director of the Notre Dame school in Barangay Tabawan, South Ubian town, on Tabawan island, which is in the Vicariate of Jolo, Tawi-Tawi province, Mindanao, the Philippines, is praying at 21:00 (13:00 UT) in the chapel of the school. Some ten masked men (possibly Muslim terrorists of the Abu Sayyaf) enter and attempt to abduct him; he resists, telling the attackers that he would rather die than being taken hostage (to avoid others been harmed in a rescue attempt), and is beaten up and shot in the head. The terrorists abduct instead Omar Taup (or Taub?), a teacher who was with Father Roda. and escape on a speedboat. Roda, of mixed Tagalog and Zamboangueño ancestry, was born in Cotabato City in 1954. He made his first vows in the O.M.I. in 1975 and was ordained a priest in May 1980. He was sent as a missionary in Thailand. He had been working in the Jolo Vicariate for the last 10 years. —(080117)
2007 Barzan Ibrahim El-Hasan al-Tikriti [17 Feb 1951–], hanged (and beheaded by the noose) in Baghdad, Iraq, for his crimes against humanity because, as head of the Iraqi secret service Mukhabarat, he had a leading part in the killing of 148 persons and other atrocious revenge for the 08 July 1982 attempted assassination of dictator Saddam Hussein [28 Apr 1937 – 30 Dec 2006], of whom he was one of the three half-brothers. —(070115)
2007 Awad Hamed al-Bandar [1951–], hanged in Baghdad, Iraq, for his crimes against humanity because, as Chief Justice of Iraq's Revolutionary Court, he had a leading part in the killing of 148 persons and other atrocious revenge for the 08 July 1982 attempted assassination of dictator Saddam Hussein [28 Apr 1937 – 30 Dec 2006] in Dujail. —(070115)
2006 Sheikh Jaber III Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, born on 29 June 1926, emir of Kuwait since 31 December 1977, and ailing since, so that presumably the real power was held by his brother Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jabir Al-Sabah [1929~], appointed Prime Minister in July 2003, while Jaber served as a figurehead, which is probably the role of his successor and cousin Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah [1930~], who is in poor health (since a 2001 stroke) and who was Prime Minister from February 1978 until replaced by Sabah Al-Ahmad). — (060115)
2005 Sgt. Jayton D. Patterson, 26, of Sedley VA, in attack by insurgents in Babil Province, Iraq. He was assigned to 1st Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, II Marine Expeditionary Force, Camp Lejeune NC. — (060113)
2004 Abbas Malik (aka Abbas Rahi), shot by Indian troops, on the outskirts of Srinagar, Indian-occupied Kashmir. Malik was the second-in-command of the Hizbul Mujahideen fighters against Indian occupation, whose top operation commander Ghulam Rasool Dar (aka Ghazi Naseebuddin), 47, and financial controller Fayaz Ahmad Dar, are with him, but espace until the next day when they are found and shot by Indian troops.
2004 Chhin La, 39, and Keo Chan, 46, who are listening to the Voice of America in Khmer, in Keo Chan's house in Seila Khmer village, O Bei Choan commune, O Chrov district, Banteay Meancheay province, Cambodia, near the border with Thailand, are shot at 21:00 by four men armed with pistols. As the intruders withdraw they throw three hand grenades, wounding at least three other persons. The two murdered men were local leaders of the opposition Sam Rainsy Party.
2002 Avi Boaz, 71, shot by Palestinians of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade. Boaz [photo >], Jewish, was a permanent resident of Israel, a US citizen, architect who designed houses in the Palestinian West Bank town Eit Jala. The Palestinian gunmen kidnapped him at a Palestinian checkpoint there, hijacking his car and forcing him to a lonely road above a soccer field in nearby Beit Sahur, where they shot him at least 10 times. Boaz, whose wife died of cancer on 05 January 2002, was driving to Palestinian-controlled territory (forbidden to Israelis but not to foreign residents) to buy materials for a home he was building, as he often did. His home most recently was in the Israeli settlement of Maale Adummim, but he lived intermittently in the Everest Hotel in Beit Jala for 20 years and still went there regularly for lunch. He always said he was half Palestinian, and he was proud to be a Jew living among Palestinians. Beit Jala is a predominantly Christian town. Boaz was accompanied in his car by another Palestinian associate when he stopped at the checkpoint. Four Palestinian civilians who were with four Palestinian police officers ordered Mr. Boaz's companion out of the car and then, when he refused, dragged him out and beat him. Boaz's Palestinian companion alerted officials to the kidnapping. Lt. Col. Sharon Levy, an Israeli officer who coordinates security with Palestinian officials in Eit Jala, learned of the kidnapping when there might still have been time to save Boaz. But when he sent his officers to the checkpoint, the Palestinian policemen said nothing happened,.After finishing with Mr. Boaz's Palestinian companion, the Palestinian civilians crowded into Mr. Boaz's silver two-door Rover convertible and forced him to drive downhill through Bethlehem to Beit Sahur. 10 and 20 gunshots were heard at about 14:30. The Rover was found abandoned on Garbage Dump Road, a stretch of asphalt at the edge of Beit Sahur. Boaz's face was covered in blood. The attack left about 10 bullet holes in the windshield of Boaz's car and a crimson puddle in the passenger seat. Blood spattered the dashboard and the inside the windshield, which was cobwebbed with cracks. Boaz was killed just because he had a Jewish name, Avi. Beit Sahur, Bethlehem and Beit Jala, all hilly towns with large Christian populations, are strongholds of Mr. Arafat's faction, Fatah. Relations with his Palestinian counterpart have been good, Colonel Levy said. He described the Palestinian officer as shocked by the killing of Boaz.
2002 Yoela Chen, 45, Israeli woman, shot by two Palestinian gunmen who blocked her car as it turned into a gas station outside Givat Zeev, an area of northern Jerusalem that Palestinians consider an encroaching settlement. Yoela was with her aunt, who was wounded. The two women were on their way to a wedding. This was a few hours after the murder of Boaz [see above].
2001 Roni Tsalah, 30, Israeli, presumably killed by Palestinians, His body is found in an orange grove near the Kfar Yam settlement. Then a group of settlers go on a rampage in a nearby Palestinian village. Settlers burned a greenhouse, smashed car windows and shot toward homes. In the West Bank village of Kfar Salem, a Palestinian man was shot and killed in a clash with Israeli troops. Earlier in the day, shots were fired from Kfar Salem at an Israeli convoy, injuring a motorist. In another West Bank village, Burkin, the body of a suspected informer with Israel was discovered, Palestinian police said. In all, 369 people have been killed in 15 weeks of the al-Aqsa intifada, including 317 Palestinians, 13 Israeli Arabs, 38 other Israelis and a German doctor.
2001 Mouse, poisened in Zurich, stowaway from the Dominican Republic sighted the previous day on an incoming Balair Swiss charter jet, whose departure for Cancun was delayed 24 hours until the corpse of the mouse was found. A mouse is considered a safety hazard as it might gnaw on cables.
2000 Zeljko Raznatovic Arkan, shot in a Belgrade hotel lobby by masked gunmen. Arkan had been indicted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal for atrocities in Bosnia and Croatia. dirigente militar serbio aliado de Slobodan Milosevic, muere en un tiroteo en el Hotel Intercontinental de Belgrado.
1998 Gulzarilal Nanda temporary Prime Minister of India (1964, 66)
1996 Moshoeshoe II, 51, King of Lesotho (1966-90), in an auto accident.
1996 Alexander Todd, bioquímico británico.
1988 Sean Mc Bride, político irlandés.
1983 Meyer Lansky, 81, reputed mobster, in Miami Beach Florida.
1978 Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman, murdered in their sorority house at Florida State University in Tallahassee. Serial killer Ted Bundy would be convicted of the crime and executed.
1966:: 56 persons as an Avianca Constellation airplane crashes near Cartagena, Columbia.
1965 Pierre Ngendandumwe, prime minister of Burundi, murdered during a failed coup attempt.
1955 Yves Tanguy, French US Surrealist painter born on 05 January 1900. MORE ON TANGUY AT ART 4 JANUARY 05 with links to images.
1944: Ten women of the 74 jammed into one small cell at the Vught Concentration Camp.
1934 Patrick O'Malley US policeman, killed by John Dillinger.
1926 Eugeniusz (or Eugen) Zak, Polish artist born on 15 December 1884. — links to two images.
1919 2 million gallons of molasses "Tidal wave" Boston MA, drowning 21
1896 Matthew B Brady, 72, US photographer (Civil War)
1887 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter born on 14 April 1803. MORE ON AMERLING AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1879 Edward Matthey Ward, British painter born on 14 July 1816. MORE ON WARD AT ART 4 JULY with links to images.
1868 Lucie-Marie Mandix Ingemann, Danish artist born on 13 February 1792.
1845 John Knox, Scottish artist born in 1778.
1835 Juana María Teresa Cabarrús de Tallien, revolucionaria española.
1743 Caspar Hirschel, German artist born in 1698.
1687 Jacob Esselens, Dutch painter born in 1626. — more with links to images.
1684 Caspar Netscher, Dutch painter specialized in portraits born in 1639. MORE ON NETSCHER AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1648 Francisco Capillas, beato español.
0429 Honoratus of Arles bishop/saint.
0069 Servius Sulpicius Galba, 70, 6th emperor of Rome (for 7 months 68-69), killed in the Forum Rome by the Praetorian guards, which he had refused to reward for having abandoned Nero in favor of himself.
1992 First Web Browser. Tim Berners Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web [what! not Al Gore?], releases a simple line-mode Web browser on the Internet. Berners Lee had first proposed the Web in 1990 and had presented early versions of Web clients, servers, and browsers to his colleagues throughout 1991.
1971 Aswan High Dam is officially inaugurated in Egypt.
1940 Luis Racionero, escritor español.
1929 Reverend Dr Martin Luther King Jr Atlanta GA, civil rights leader promotor of non-violence (Nobel Peace Prize 1964). (US National Holiday: Monday) He would be murdered on 04 April 1968.
1923 Lee Teng Hui, presidente de la República de China en Taiwan.
1921 El Partido Comunista de Italia nace en el Congreso de Livorno, al escindirse del Partido Socialista italiano.
1920 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor Philadelphia PA, Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York.
1919 George Cadle Price, ex primer ministro de Belice.
1918 Gamal Abdel Nasser President of Egypt (1954-1970) who died on 28 September 1970 Naissance de Nasser, chef d’état qui rendit sa grandeur à l’Egypte.
1914 Alberto Ullastres Calvo, político español.
1912 Michel J-P Debré premier of France (1959-62)
1908 Edward Teller, Hungarian US nuclear physicist who died on 09 September 2003. físico estadounidense de origen húngaro, impulsor del programa "guerra de las galaxias"
1902 Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud king (Saudi Arabia)
| 1896 Víctor de la Serna Espina, escritor chileno afincado
1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, finlandés, Premio Nobel de Química 1945.
1891 (15 Jan Julian: go to 27 Jan 1826 Gregorian) Ilya Grigoryevich Ehrenburg.
1870 Pierre Samuel du Pont, US businessman who died on 05 April 1954.
1869 Stanislas Wyspianskiy, Polish artist who died on 28 November 1907.
1865 Joaquín González Camargo, poeta colombiano.
1863 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
1858 Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter who died on 28 September 1899. MORE ON SEGANTINI AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER with links to images.
1822 Hubert Salentin, German artist who died on 07 July 1910.
1817 Charles-François Daubigny, French Barbizon School painter specialized in landscapes, who died on 19 February 1878. MORE ON DAUBIGNY AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1810 Abigail Kelley Foster, US feminist and abolitionist who died on 14 January 1887.
| 1793 Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller, Austrian painter
who died on 23 August 1865. MORE
ON WALDMÜLLER AT ART 4 JANUARY
with links to images.
1759 El British Museum, en Londres, se inaugura.
1737 Johann Josef Karl Henrici, German artist who died on 27 October 1823.
1714 Jan Josef Horemans, Flemish artist who died in 1790.
1200 est fondée l'Université de Paris. Son enseignement, tourné vers la théologie et l'analyse des textes anciens, sera à l'origine de la réputation intellectuelle de Paris.