<< Feb 25| HISTORY “4” “2”DAY |Feb 27 >>
Events, deaths, births, of FEB 26 v.9.50
[For Feb 26 Julian go to Gregorian date (leap years one day earlier) 1583~1699: Mar 08 1700s: Mar 09 1800s: Mar 10 1900~2099: Mar 11]
• Iconoclastic rampage in Afghanistan... • Sandinistas defeated in Nicaraguan elections... • Massacre in Borneo... • Grand Teton National Park created... • Hitler creates Nazi airforce... • Mass graves in Vietnam... • South Korean troops arrive in Vietnam... • Corregidor explodes... • Conférence de Berlin sur l'Afrique noire... • 89th day of Soviet aggression against Finland... • Spanish Sahara decolonized... • US Marines leave Beirut... • Terrorist bombing of World Trade Center... • Birth of the web browser... • Victor Hugo is born... • Contract labor law... • “Killed twice”... • Clinton impeachment aftermath...
a 26 February:
2003 After the previous evening's forecast by electric utility Allegheny Energy (AYE) of earnings per share of $1 in 2003 and $0.96 in 2004 (instead of the expected $1.29 and $1.51), 16.7 million of the 126 million AYE shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange, dropping from their previous close of $8.20 to an intraday low of $5.30 and close at $5.55. While they had reached a low of $2.95 on 09 October 2002, they had traded as high as $43.86 as recently as 23 April 2002 and $54.80 os 21 May 2001. [5~year price chart >]
2002 The San Francisco Chronicle reports that 110-kg exercise enthusiast Jennifer wanted to be an instructor at Jazzercise in San Francisco. When the company said no, she sued saying she was qualified and it was a violation of the “short and fat law” which says that you can’t discriminate against anyone for a job because of their size. Jazzercise company decided to settle out-of-court. However, after the settlement Jennifer decided she didn’t want the job after all.
2001 The Treaty of Nice [a nice treaty] which updates previous treaties of the European Community, is signed by its 15 states: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands; Denmark, Ireland, the UK; Greece; Spain, Portugal; Austria, Finland, and Sweden.It would be ratified by the parliaments of all except Ireland, whose constitution requires a referendum. Ireland would hold its referendum on 07 June 2001, 34% of eligible voters would participate, of which 54% reject the treaty. Ireland would repeat the referendum on 19 October 2002 and this time the Nice Treaty would be approved by 65% of the voters. The Treaty of Nice is not a stand-alone document. It follows the format of the previous Treaties (the Single European Act, the Maastricht Treaty and the Treaty of Amsterdam) in being a series of amendments and additions to the Treaty of Rome. Once the Nice Treaty in ratified, the EU invites Cyprus, Malta, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria may get invitations to join in 2007, and Turkey is also a candidate.
2001 No more killing of Indian Hornbills
Thousands of tribesmen in northeastern India promise to give up killing hornbills for their beaks and to adorn their traditional headgear with fiberglass imitations instead. Powerful village chiefs in Arunachal Pradesh have agreed to break the Nishi tribe's age-old tradition for the sake of conservation.
Every self-respecting Nishi man wears a hornbill beak attached to his cap. This not only identifies him as a Nishi, but is also a sign of manhood. This also makes Nishis the largest killers of hornbills.
An estimated 2000 to 3000 hornbills were killed in the state every year and although not officially endangered, the combined population of Great Hornbills, Oriental Pied Hornbills and Wreathed Hornbills is probably not more than 10'000.
The Nishis are the largest tribe in the far-flung state bordering China and Bhutan, with a strong hold on local politics and business.
Village chiefs agreed in November 2000 to impose a fine of $107 on anyone found killing the birds. Notices announcing the penalty were erected around a local sanctuary and the tribals chose today, the day of their biggest annual festival, to make their communal pledge.
What clinched it for the chiefs was an artificial beak crafted in fiberglass by a "master animal modeler" in New Delhi which will now be mass produced.
Large bird, length about 1 m, with a large bill on which a large, light weight casque is found. Weight: 2.5-3.5 kg. The plumage is boldly patterned in black, white and yellow. The male has a larger casque and red irises, while the female's iris is white. Like all hornbills, the great hornbill has fused axis and atlas vertebrae. They have long, heavy bills with a light, hollow casque on the upper mandible. The casque is rectangular in cross section, double-pointed in front, round in back, and concave or convex on top. Great hornbills have bristles around the eyes that resemble eyelashes. Their toes are syndactylous. Their flight is often noisy as air rushes through the bases of the flight feathers which are not covered with stiff coverts. The plumage is black with patches of white on the neck, abdomen, wings, and tail; the tail has a subterminal black bar. Preen-gland oil provides a yellow stain for the bill and some of the white areas.
The great hornbills are sexually dimorphic. In the female the iris is pearly
white, and the bare circumorbital skin is pink to bright red whereas in
the male the iris is deep red and the skin surrounding the eye is black.
Males are slightly larger than females. It has been noted that the posterior
surface of the casque on the female is red and on the male it is black.
Immature animals of both sexes can have the male coloration for as long as four years; although changes may be noted earlier in the iris color and the color on the back of the casques. Casque does not begin to develop until about six months of age.
Range: Great hornbills are found in India, Southwestern China, Bangladesh, Western Ghats of India, Thailand, Mainland Southeast Asia, Malaya, and Sumatra.
Habitat: Great hornbills inhabit the canopy of tall evergreen diptocarp and moist deciduous forests, ranging from 600 to 2000 meters.
Diet: Great hornbills feed primarily on fruits, especially figs. They also hunt actively for small animals, snakes, lizards, bird nestlings, beetles, and insects. It is interesting to note that they have never been recorded drinking water [they prefer beer?].
Social Organization: Great hornbills are monogamous and are without helpers at the nest. When breeding they are territorial, but non-breeding birds form flocks of between 6 and 21; these flocks probably include immature animals from previous years. Mated pairs may return to the same nest-site year after year.
Breeding is remarkable because the female is walled into a nest chamber in a tree cavity during the 40 day incubation, and fed by the male. The wall is a mixture of saliva, droppings, food remains, and moist earth. The female breaks out of the nest hole when the young are 2-3 weeks old, securing the hole after she leaves. She helps the male to feed the young. About 30 days later the young chip away the wall and leave the nest. While in the nest, females may undergo a complete moult and become temporarily flightless.
Conservation Status: Great hornbills are listed as "vulnerable". Sizes of extant free-ranging populations are not known, however Asian hornbills have been designated as a priority taxon for worldwide concern, and more surveys are being initiated. Although actual numbers can not be given, the decrease in their habitat is well-documented and the indication is that the populations are similarly decreasing.
Threats to Survival: Great hornbills have been hunted traditionally in India and Indonesia for both food and medicine, not to mention cap ornaments. Deforestation is the main threat to their survival as it eliminates sites for nesting as well as territory for foraging.
Conservation: Hornbills are of significant interest to field conservationists, as they can be used to indicate the health of a community and because they are seed dispersers, important for forest regeneration. The number of field projects involving Hornbills has increased substantially in recent years.
Zoo conservation efforts are directed at developing artificial nest sites, recording life history data impossible to obtain in the field and developing support for field conservation through exhibition and publication.
Education: Education will be an important tool for conservation of Hornbill species. Work in India, for example, reduced use of key Hornbill food trees as elephant browse. The role of Hornbills in the health of forests is a useful concept here.
Reintroduction: It is not possible to consider reintroduction for any Hornbill species at the present time. Knowledge of husbandry and propagation techniques is insufficient to develop self-sustaining captive populations. More importantly, wild populations and their habitats continue to be under pressure there is no habitat where Hornbills could be released.
2001 Iconoclastic Taliban destroys archeological treasures.
The extremist Islamic Taliban regime in Afghanistan decrees the destruction of all statues in the country. These include ancient Buddhist statues, some of monumental size, that are a cultural treasure of humanity. Civilized people, including Muslims, throughout the world are outraged.
The greatest concern is about a pair of famous Buddha statues in the Bamian valley of central Afghanistan. The sandstone statues are believed to date back to the third and to the fifth centuries and with a height of 55 meters and 38 meters respectively, the two Buddhas are believed to be among the tallest in the world. They clearly show diverse cultural influences, illustrated by the Greek robes draping the Buddhas and the Indian and central Asian sculptural styles. The artistic quality of the statues displays Bamian's legacy as a stopover on the ancient silk road that linked central Asia with China.
Weather and war have had already conspired to deface the Buddahs. The Buddhas were already without faces, and the rest of the bodies were weather-beaten and pockmarked. Archeologists had for years been asking the international community to provide technical assistance to save the precious statues.
Nearby caves, once were Buddhist monasteries, adorned with lavish frescoes. Refugees sought refuge in those caves in recent years during the Taliban's civil war. The soot from their wood fires has blackened the frescoes.
Humanity is loosing one of its ancient artistic treasures and Afghanistan is losing forever part of its cultural heritage and the tourist trade that prospered in the Bamian valley in the 1970s.
2001 The US State Department
presents to Congress its Country
Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2000.
The State Department concludes that despite seven years of deepening American economic engagement with China, the human rights situation there had worsened significantly, with "intensified crackdowns" on religious organizations, political dissenters and "any person or group perceived to threaten the government."
The department's annual review of human rights in 195 countries and territories, the Bush administration's first, also offered a harsh assessment of how Israel dealt with Palestinian uprisings last year. It described Indonesia as a nation increasingly out of control, where random killings and lawlessness are becoming the norms. And the report concluded that Colombia, whose president, Andrés Pastrana, is to meet Mr. Bush in the White House on Tuesday 27 February, is far from bringing paramilitary groups under control. In what could prove a particularly sensitive section, the report concludes that in Colombia, where the United States is providing a $1.3 billion, two-year aid package, mostly military, "paramilitary forces find a ready support base within the military and police, as well as among local civilian elites in many areas." While the report praises President Pastrana, it denounces massacres and abuses by private and government security forces in the struggle against leftist rebels. The department's report was assembled and drafted largely during the Clinton administration. But Secretary of State Colin L. Powell and the national security adviser, Condoleezza Rice, had time to review the findings and in a few sensitive chapters, particularly on Israel, to alter some wording, Bush administration officials said. Today the administration, as expected, announced that the United States would pursue a resolution condemning China's record at the United Nations Human Rights Commission, which is to meet in Geneva next month. The Clinton administration never succeeded in getting enough countries to join in the annual resolution to win passage, and it is unclear how much political capital the Bush administration is willing to expend to win support for a resolution that is almost certain to be defeated once again. But the report poses a deeper problem for Mr. Bush: He must now choose the best path for influencing the rights records of other nations, a issue that vexed his predecessor for eight years. Mr. Clinton insisted that over time, economic engagement with China would force the government to loosen its control over the political process. There is little evidence yet that the strategy is working, though the acting assistant secretary for human rights, Michael Parmly, noted today that "the Internet has resulted in some improvements" in China, "largely in spite of government actions to control it." But he noted that in dealings in Tibet and in the crackdown on the Falun Gong and other religious groups, "the situation has worsened in significant areas." At the same time, the report is also harshly critical of conditions in three countries where the United States has maintained nearly a full economic embargo: Cuba, Myanmar and North Korea. In each, the report found conditions were no better, and in some cases were worse. Critics of both approaches — engagement and isolation — will find ammunition in the voluminous report (so voluminous that the State Department now publishes it only on a CD-ROM and on its Web site, www .state.gov).
"Their dilemma is the same as the one Clinton faced," said Mike Jendrzejczyk, who follows Asia for Human Rights Watch. "It hasn't changed one iota. The issue hasn't been whether to engage, but how." An early test of whether the administration plans to turn the findings into new policy may come as General Powell pursues the resolution against China. He and Mr. Bush could press Mexico, or European allies, to support the resolution, or they could save their political influence for another issue. Diplomats at the State Department said it is too early to know how far General Powell is willing to go. Clinton administration officials who worked on the early drafts of the report said today that after their brief review of it on the Internet, it appears largely unchanged. "The key was Israel," one said, "and there they left the main conclusion, which is that there was excessive force on the Israeli side, and human rights violations on the Palestinian side as well." On Colombia, the report concluded that while "the government's human rights record remained poor," still "there were some improvements in the legal framework and in institutional mechanisms." The report for the first time explicitly discussed links between the United States-backed Colombian security forces and paramilitary groups, whose attacks are increasing, saying such collusion ranged from allowing the militia members to pass through roadblocks to sharing intelligence and ammunition. President Pastrana, who was in Washington today, said his government was developing a strategy to crack down on such groups, including efforts to disrupt their financing. He said conditions "are improving, though there is still much work to be done in this area." Despite a similarly grim portrait of conditions in Colombia last year, President Clinton waived a series of human rights benchmarks mandated by Congress in order for the military aid to flow. Bush officials say their Colombia policy is still under review.
| 2000 Pope John Paul II visits Mount Sinai in Egypt,
where he prayed for religious tolerance in a garden under the peak revered
as the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments.
1996 President Clinton moved to step up economic sanctions on Cuba in response to Cuba's downing of two unarmed airplanes belonging to a Cuban-American exile group, Brothers to the Rescue
1996 British Telecom announces mass-market Internet service After long delays, British Telecom announced its plans to launch a mass-market dial-up Internet service in March 1996. Until now, the British had lagged behind many other Western countries in updating its telecommunications systems to allow better Internet connections.
1995 London finance house of Barings collapse after losses in Singapore by trader Nick Leeson.
| 1992 Irish Supreme Court rules that 14-year-old rape
victim may get an abortion.
1991 Kuwaiti resistance leaders declared themselves in control of their capital, following nearly seven months of Iraqi occupation. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein announced on Baghdad Radio that he had ordered his forces to withdraw from Kuwait. (celebrated in 2001 as Liberation Day, while mourning the disappeared)
1990 USSR agrees to withdraw all its 73'500 soldiers from Czechoslovakia by July 1991.
1986 Former Philippines President Ferdinand E Marcos fled in defeat
1980 Military coup under Desi Bouterse in Suriname.
1980 Egypt and Israel exchange ambassadors for the first time.
1979 Last total eclipse of Sun in 20th century for continental US casts a moving shadow 280 km wide from Oregon to North Dakota to Canada.
1968 Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
1962 US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transportation.
1953 Allen W Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA.
1952 PM Winston Churchill announces that Britain has its own atomic bomb.
1951 22nd amendment to the US Constitution is ratified, limiting a president to two terms of office.
1943 German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia.
1942 German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb.
1941 Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory.
| 1938 First passenger ship equipped with radar: the flagship
New York. The following year, the first battleship to be equipped
with radar was put into service. Radar would be tremendously important during
World War II in the detection of submarines and airplanes.
1936 Military coup in Japan
1936 Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"
1925 Jihad against Turkish government
1924 Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
1923 Italian nationalist and fascists merge (blue-shirts and black-shirts)
1919 Congress established Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
1919 Congress approved An Act to Establish the Lafayette National Park at Mt. Desert Island on the coast of Maine on 26 February 1919. The park, expanded and renamed Acadia National Park in 1929, was the first national park east of the Mississippi.
1916 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
1914 First long-distance telephone calls over underground cables The first long-distance call over underground cables took place between Boston, Massachusetts, and Washington, D.C., on this day in 1914.
1907 US Congress raised their own salaries to $7500
| 1884 British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by
1881 Natal British troops under General-Major Colley occupy Majuba Hill.
1870 First NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
1869 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states.
1863 Attack at Woodburn, Tennessee.
1863 The Cherokee Indian National Council leaves the Confederacy to join the Union
1848 2nd French Republic is proclaimed.
1832 Polish constitution abolished/replaced by Czar Nicholas I.
1815 Napoléon and 1200 escape Elba to start 100-day re-establishment of his regime in France
1797 Bank of England issues first £1-note.
1732 In Philadelphia, Mass was celebrated for the first time at St Joseph's Church the only Roman Catholic church built and maintained in the American colonies before the Revolutionary War.
1616 Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo.
1266 Battle of Benevento
747 -BC- Origin of Era of Nabonassar
Deaths which occurred on a 26 February:
2006 (Sunday) Rosetta Williams, 37; and Kevin Lorenzo Collins, 24, who shoots himself at 16:40 (21:40 UT) in Detroit, when he ran out of his home in the 7900 block of St. Paul Street as police arrived to arrest him for having shot Rosetta Williams with a sawed-off shotgun at 10:30 (15:30 UT) at the beginning of a service at Zion Hope Missionary Baptist Church, wounding her goddaughter, 10, and then, at 11:15 (18:15 UT), Alarie Davis, 55, who prevented a carjacking by Collins, who had been waiting in the church to threaten or kill his estranged mate Jamika Javette Willianm, 18, daughter of Rosetta Williams who refused to tell him where she was. Jamika had not gone to church, for fear of Collins, who had assaulted her there on 05 February 2006. Jamika and Collins have a daughter, born in April 2005. — (060227)
2004 Boris Trajkovski, 47, and all 8 others aboard an aging Beechcraft Super King Air 200 twin-engine turboprop airplane which crashes at 08:01 (07:01 UT), in rain, heavy cloud cover and thick fog, near village Bitonja, Bosnia, on its way to Mostar, Bosnia, where Macedonian President Trajkovski [addressing a 2003 anti-terrorism conference >] and the 6 aides with him were to participate in an international investment conference. The other 2 aboard were the pilots. Already a lawyer, Trajkovski (born on 25 June 1956) studied theology in the United States, where he gave up Communism and converted from the Orthodox Church to become an ordained Methodist minister. In the presidential election of 14 November 1999 to decide the successor of Kiro Gligorov [03 May 1917~] president since 27 January 1991, Trajkovski defeated Tito Petkovski 52%-45%, and, after a court contest, took office in December 1999. His powers were largely ceremonial as the governing is mostly done by Prime Minister Branko Crvenkovski. Trajkovsky was widely respected in Macedonia for his efforts at reconciliation. following the 2001 civil war with the ethnic Albanian minority. He had called for a great inclusion of ethnic Albanians in state bodies and institutions. He had promoted Macedonia's application for membership in the European Union, which was to have been presented this same day. This is postponed on account of his death. The investigators present their report on 05 May 2004, blaming the crew for making its final landing approach too early and too low and for not aborting the landing when they lost the beacon signal from the airport for 18 seconds.
2004 West Bank Palestinians Mohammed Rian, 30, from the village Beit Daku, a father of two and Zcharya Id from the village Beit Ajza, a father of three, shot by Israeli troops, and Abdel Rahman Abu Eid, 65, from the villade Biddu, of a heart attack brought on by inhaling tear gas; on this the second consecutive day of demonstrations near villages Biddu, Beit Ijza, Beit Deko, and Beit Surik, trying to stop bulldozers preparing through villagers' fields the construction of an Israeli security wall, which will trap the four villages between the wall and the Green Line. The clashes begin in the morning, when hundreds of the villages' residents, with Israeli and foreign peace activists, confront at least 200 Israeli Border Policemen. More than 70 Palestinians are injured, including a 75-year-old man and a ten-year-old, by live bullets, teargas, or beatings. Ten Border Policemen are lightly wounded, hit by by unarmed Palestinians and or by a thrown rocks.
2004 A Palestinian in Ramallah, West Bank, shot by Israeli troops who say that the threw a fire bomb.
2004 Israeli reserve Sgt. Maj. Amir Zimmerman, 25, of Kfar Monash, and two Palestinians of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, at about 07:00 (05:00 UT) near the Erez crossing between the Gaza Strip and Israel. Zimmerman was shot as he went to investigate suspicious movement. His unit then found and killed the two gunmen. On 17 January 2004, suicide bomber Reem Salah Riashi, 22, killed herself, Staff Sgt. Vladimir Trostinsky, 22, Staff Sgt. Tzur Or, 20, Crp. Andrei Kegeles, 19, and security guard Gal Shapira, 28, at the Erez crossing. Since then Palestinian workers have to pass with their hands up and their shirts lifted to make sure they are not armed with explosives, after waiting for hours. Many arrive at 02:00 so as to be on time at their jobs in the Erez industrial park, where there are some 200 businesses, about 55% belonging to Israelis and the rest to Palestinians. A few days earlier, after a worker had died crushed in the waiting crowd, the number of workers allowed to pass had been reduced from 4500 to 2500. There are some 200 businesses in the Erez industrial park, of which about 55% belong to Israelis and the rest to Palestinians.
2004 At least 15 persons as explosion of natural gas leak destroys the building housing a small café in Chita, Siberia. 17 persons are injured.
2003 Ten persons after fire starts at 02:35 (07:35 UT) in one of the three sections of the nursing home Greenwood Health Center in Hartford CT, where many are bedridden, confined to wheelchairs, blind, or mentally retarded. 23 are injured. The nursing home had 148 patients, and about 100 of them had to be evacuated. The temperature outside was about–10ºC with snow on the ground.
2003 Lin Wang “Grandpa Lin”, 85, who had not eaten since falling sick a few days earlier. Lin was a World War II veteran who was assigned to transportation of supplies and artillery. At first he was in the Japanese army, but in its Burma campaign he was taken prisoner by the Chinese and later served in the Nationalist Chinese army on the mainland and in Taiwan, where, on 30 October 1954, the Commander in Chief, General Sun Li-jen [27 Nov 1900 – 19 Nov 1990], placed him in a retirement home where Lin met his spouse Ma Lan, who died in October 2002 at age 52, since when Lin had suffered from depression. Lin's retirement home was the Taipei City Zoo in Mucha, where he was a great favorite, especially of children who, every year since 1983, came for his birthday party on the last Sunday in October (in the absence of a birth certificate, he is assumed to have been born on 30 Oct 1917), his last being shown in the photo below, celebrated with a birthday cake made of fresh grass and bananas. Lin is believed to have been the world's oldest Asian elephant.
|1986 Robert Penn Warren, 84, author and poet. His Pulitzer
Prize-winning novel, All the King's Men, was made into a movie
1985 Marie Elizabeth Angermann, Dresden German painter born on 05 August 1883.
1972: 125 die as slag heap dam collapses above Buffalo Creek WV
1969 Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist and Existentialist philosopher born on 23 February 1881..
1961 Mohammed V, 51, ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco.
1940 Day 89 of Winter War:
USSR aggression against Finland.
More deaths due to Stalin's desire to grab Finnish territory.
Enemy pushes north in force along the banks of the Vuoksi
Marshall Timoshenko orders his troops to take Viipuri. The Soviet force is ordered to surround and totally destroy the city's Finnish defenders. The plan of attack includes an assault by two army corps across Viipurinlahti bay to encircle the city from the southwest.
Further east the enemy also attacks to the north along the banks of the Vuoksi with another two army corps.
Colonel Oinonen, the new commander of the Finnish 23rd Division, decides to launch a counterattack on the enemy troops which have overrun the Honkaniemi area. The counterattacking force includes a strengthened battalion with its own tanks. H-hour is set for 5.00 a.m. H-hour has to be put back when the attacking force is unable to establish contact with its own artillery. When contact is finally established about an hour later, part of the preliminary artillery bombardment comes down among the Finnish troops, killing or wounding 30 men.
When the troops on the Isthmus at Lake Näykkijärvi move into battle between 06:15 and 10:00, a fierce tank battle ensues in the area around Honkaniemi station. The Finns lose five of the six old Vickers tanks used in the attack. The attacking troops are finally forced to withdraw to their starting positions. The Russians bring more men into the area to support the breakthrough. Two strongholds are initially lost in the Terenttilä area in Taipale, but are retaken in a counterattack.
Eight Finnish aircraft bomb the Lotinanpelto airfield near the mouth of the River Syväri and the Murmansk railway line.
Foreign Minister Tanner arrives in the evening in Stockholm and meets Professor T.M. Kivimäki, who has just returned from a fact-finding mission to Germany and urges acceptance of even harsh peace terms. The Ministry for Foreign Affairs communicates the peace terms to Finland's diplomatic representatives in Paris and London.
80 enemy bombers pound the marshalling yard and the surrounding district in Kouvola, causing a temporary break in traffic to the east and south.
Eastern Finland: British pilots bring 12 Bristol Blenheim bombers directly to Jukajärvi airstrip in Juva.
Abroad: in Stockholm, holders of steel von Döbeln rings bearing the election slogan "Honour - Duty - Will" exchange them for gold rings, the proceeds from the sale to go to help the Finnish cause.
Finland's good will envoys in the United States, the great runners Taisto Mäki and Paavo Nurmi, are today guests of honour at the US indoor championships in New York's Madison Square Garden. Finland's blue and white flags are raised on the flag poles side by side with the Stars and Stripes.
^ Idässä vihollinen hyökkää kahden armeijakunnan voimin Vuoksen vartta pohjoiseen Talvisodan 89. päivä, 26.helmikuuta.1940
Venäläinen marsalkka Timosenko antaa joukoilleen käskyn Viipurin valtaamiseksi. Käskyn mukaan neuvostojoukkojen toiminta tähtää Viipuria puolustavien suomalaisten joukkojen saartamiseen ja täydelliseen tuhoamiseen. Vihollisen suunnitelmiin kuuluu hyökkäys kahden armeijakunnan voimin Viipurinlahden yli kaupungin saartamiseksi lounaasta.
Idässä vihollinen hyökkää myös kahden armeijakunnan voimin Vuoksen vartta pohjoiseen.
23. Divisioonan uusi komentaja eversti Oinonen päättää tuhota Honkaniemen maaston vallanneen vihollisen vastahyökkäyksellä, jossa on mukana vahvennettu pataljoona ja omia panssarvaunuja. H-hetki on 05.00. H-hetkeä joudutaan siirtämään, sillä omaan tykistööön ei saada yhteyttä. Kun yhteys saadaan osa tuntia myöhemmin ammutusta tykistö-valmistelusta osuu omiin joukkoihin ja aiheuttaa 30 miehen tappiot.
Kun joukot saadaan liikkeelle 6.15-10.00 Karjalan kannaksella Näykkijärvellä, käydään Honkaniemen pysäkin maastossa raivokas panssaritaistelu. Suomi menettää viisi kuudesta vanhentuneesta hyökäykseen osallistuneesta Vickers-panssarivaunustaan. Joukkojen on vetäydyttävä takaisin lähtöasemiin. Venäläiset siirtävät murto-alueelle lisää joukkoja. Taipaleessa Terenttilän alueella menetetään kaksi tukikohtaa, jotka saadaan kuitenkin vastaiskulla takaisin.
Kahdeksan suomalaiskonetta pommittaa Muurmannin radan varrella, lähellä Syvärin joen suuta sijaitsevaa Lotinanpellon lentotukikohtaa.
Ulkomininisteri Tanner saapuu illalla Tukholmaan ja tapaa Saksasta tunnustelumatkalta saapuneen professori T. M. Kivimäen joka esittää raskaidenkin rauhanehtojen hyväksymistä. Ulkoministeriö informoi rauhanehdoista Suomen Pariisin lähettilästä Holmaa sekä Lontoon lähettilästä Gripenpergiä. 80 vihollisen pommikonetta pommittaa raskaasti Kouvolan asemanseutua ja ratapihaa ja saa liikenteen poikki itään ja etelään joksikin aikaa.
Englantilaiset lentäjät tuovat suoraan Juvan Jukajärven kentälle 12 englantilaista Bristol Blenheim-pommikonetta.
Ulkomailta: Tukholmassa aletaan vaihtaa teräksisiä von Döbeln-vaalilauseella "Kunnia - Velvollisuus - Tahto" -varustettuja sormuksia kultasormuksiin, joiden arvo tulee Suomen keräyksen hyväksi.
Suomen hyväntahdon lähettiläät Yhdysvalloissa, suurjuoksijat Taisto Mäki ja Paavo Nurmi ovat tänään kunniavieraina USA:n hallimestaruuskilpailuissaMadison Square Gardenissa. Yhdysvaltain lippujen kanssa nousevat yhtaikaa salkoihin Suomen siniristiliput.
^ I öst anfaller fienden med två armékårer norrut längs Vuoksen Vinterkrigets 89 dag, den 26 februari 1940
Den ryska marskalken Timosenko beordrar sina trupper att ockupera Viborg. Enligt order strävar de ryska trupperna efter att inringa och förinta de finska styrkorna som försvarar Viborg. I fiendens planer ingår ett anfall med en styrka på två armékårer över Viborgska viken för att inringa staden från sydväst.
I öst anfaller fienden likaledes med två armékårer norrut längs Vuoksen.
Överste Oinonen, den nya kommendören för den 23. Divisionen, besluter att förinta de ryska trupper som erövrat terrängen kring Honkaniemi i en motattack med stöd av en förstärkt bataljon och egna pansarvagnar. Det avgörande ögonblicket är kl. 05.00. På grund av att man inte får kontakt med det egna artilleriet är man tvungen att skjuta upp tidpunkten för motoffensiven. När man får kontakt träffar en del av den en timme senare avfyrade artilleriförberedningen de egna trupperna och förorsakar en förlust på 30 man.
När trupperna börjar röra på sig kl. 6.15-10.00 vid Näykkijärvi på Karelska näset flammar pansarstriderna upp vid terrängen kring Honkaniemi hållplats. Finland förlorar fem av sex föråldrade Vickers-pansarvagnar som deltar i offensiven. Trupperna tvingas retirera till utgångsläget. Ryssarna förflyttar fler trupper till inbrytningsområdet. Finland förlorar två baser vid Terenttilä i Taipale, men lyckas återerövra dem genom motattacker.
Åtta finska plan bombar flygbasen i Lotinanpelto som är belägen intill Muurmannibanan nära mynningen av floden Syväri.
Utrikesminister Tanner anländer på kvällen till Stockholm och träffar professor T. M. Kivimäki som återvänt från en rekognoseringsresa till Tyskland. Kivimäki föreslår att Finland ska godkänna de tunga fredsvillkoren. Utrikesministeriet informerar Finlands ambassadörer Holma i Paris och Gripenberg i London.
80 fientliga bombplan bombar häftigt stationsområdet och bangården i Kouvola och lyckas för en tid skära av trafiken österut och söderut.
Engelska piloter hämtar 12 engelska Bristol Blenheim-bombplan direkt till Jukajärvi flygfält i Juva.
Utrikes: I Stockholm börjar man byta ringar i stål med von Döbelns valslagord "Ära -Plikt - Vilja" mot guldringar. Värdet på guldringarna kommer att tillfalla Finlandsinsamlingen.
Finlands goodwillambassadörer i USA, löparstjärnorna Taisto Mäki och Paavo Nurmi är idag hedersgäster i USA:s hallmästerskapstävlingar i Madison Square Garden. Finlands blåvita flagga hissas samtidigt som den amerikanska flaggan.
| 1930 Raffaele Merry del Val, 64, Spanish Cardinal
1916:: 930 aboard French transport ship Provence II, sunk by Germans.
1903 Edmund Mahlknecht, Austrian artist born on 12 November 1820.
1859 Ferdinand Lukas Schubert, 64, composer.
1638 Bachet, mathematician.
1577 Erik XIV Wasa, 43, King of Sweden (1560-1569)
1531 Some 20'000 in earthquake in Lisbon.
1154 Rogier II Guiscard, 60, King of Sicily (1101-1154)
0616 Saint Ethelbert, 63, King of Kent(baptized 05970602 by Saint Augustine)
which occurred on a 26 February:
2004 Jade Buckles and Erin Buckles, at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, by Caesarean section to high school teacher Melissa Buckles, 30, and Kevin Buckles, 34 (a US Marine), of Woodbridge, Virginia. The newborn girls are conjoined at the chest, sharing a liver; the tip of Erin's horizontaly oriented heart protruding inside Jade's chest. They would be separated in a 6-hour operation started at 10:10 (14:10 UT) on 19 January 2004, at the Children's National Medical Center in Washington DC. The Buckleses have a 2-year-old daughter, Taylor, and Kevin Buckles shares custody of son Kevin Jr., 11. Only 700 sets of conjoined twins have been born alive in recorded history.
2009 David Louloupides, talented editor of the bulletin of Our Lady of the Assumption Church in El Paso, Texas (since 2009). —(090601)
1937 Eduardo Arroyo, Spanish painter, sculptor, potter, printmaker, and stage designer. — more with links to images.
1936 José Policarpo da Cruz, Portuguese, ordained a Catholic priest on 15 August 1961, appointed auxiliary of Lisbon on 26 May 1978 and consecrated bishop on 29 June 1978; appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Lisbon on 05 March 1997; succeeded Cardinal António Ribeiro as Patriarch of Lisbon on 24 March 1998; made a cardinal on 21 February 2001.
1933 Lubomyr Husar, in Lviv, Ukraine, ordained a priest of the Ukrainian rite of Stamford US on 30 March 1958, consecrated bishop on 02 April 1977 for Kiev, appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Lviv on 22 February 1996 and Major Archbishop of Lviv on 25 January 2001, made a cardinal on 21 February 2001.
1930 First red and green traffic lights installed (Manhattan NYC)
| 1924 Noboru Takeshita Japanese PM (1987-1989)
1917 Robert Taft Jr (Senator-R-OH)
1915 Raúl Anguiano Valadez, Mexican painter. MORE ON ANGUIANO AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to an image.
1907 British Petroleum (BP) formed by merger of Royal Oil and Shell.
1887 Sir Benegal Narsing Rau, India, president of UN Security Council (1950)
1887 Benegal Narsing Rau India, president of UN Security Council (1950)
1878 Kazimir Severinovich Malevich, Ukrainian Cubist painter who died on 15 May 1935. MORE ON MALEVICH AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1876 Pauline Musters, would grow up very little and become the shortest known adult (58.9 cm, 1' 11.2").
1869 Nadezhda K. Krupskaya Russian revolutionary, wife of Lenin.
1861 Ferdinand I Vienna, first tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-1918)
1857 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
1852 Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, who would become a surgeon, health authority, developer of the Battle Creek Sanitarium and founder of the food business which later became the W. K. Kellogg Company. He would die on 14 December 1943.
1848 The Communist Manifesto is published by Marx and Engels.
1846 William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody, Davenport IA, killed 4000 buffaloes
1845 Alexander III, Saint-Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-1894)
1843 Geiser, mathematician.
1842 Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy.
1836 Elihu Vedder, US Symbolist painter, illustrator, sculptor, and writer, who died on 29 January 1923. MORE ON VEDDER AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1834 Giuseppe Sciuti, Italian painter who died on 13 March 1911. — links to images.
1821 Félix~François~Georges~Philibert Ziem, French painter, specialized in Veniscapes, who died on 11 November 1911. MORE ON ZIEM AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1361 Wenceslas of Bohemia Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)