<< Feb 13| HISTORY “4” “2”DAY |Feb 15 >>
Events, deaths, births, of FEB 14 v.10.00
[For Feb 14 Julian go to Gregorian date: 1583~1699: Feb 24 1700s: Feb 25 1800s: Feb 26 1900~2099: Feb 27]
a 14 February:
2010 Beginning of the Year of the Tiger. —(100111)
2007 The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) releases the Innocenti Report Card 7: An Overview of Child Well-Being in Rich Countries (1559kb pdf). These are the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.(OECD), with the exception of those on which there was insufficient data: Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, Turkey, Slovakia, Luxembourg, Iceland, Mexico (* there was also insufficient data for Subjective Well~Being in the US). The chart below summarizes the findings. —(070226)
2002 Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine researchers introduce the world's first cloned cat, born by Caesarean section on 22 December 2001 and called "Cc:" (Cloned Cat or CopyCat). Previously, researchers at the College of Veterinary Medicine have cloned cattle, goats and pigs. — MORE
^2002 Free at last from prison, after 15 years, wrongly convicted as rapist.
Exonerated by DNA testing, which the district attorney prevented for the last 7 years, Bruce Godschalk, 41, no longer inmate No. AY9638, walks out of the Montgomery County, Pennsysvania, Jail at 16:45, with less than $10 in his pocket, wearing a pair of old jeans, a T-shirt and no winter coat. With his lawyer, David Rudovsky, he has his first beer in 15 years.
In 1986, when he was 26, Godschalk was convicted of raping two women, who lived in the same housing complex and sent to prison for 10 to 20 years. For seven years the Montgomery County district attorney's office fought his efforts to obtain DNA testing. In January 2002, two laboratories, one retained by the prosecution, the other by the defense, found the same results: Both rapes were committed by the same man, and that man was not Bruce Godschalk.
The Montgomery County district attorney, Bruce L. Castor Jr., continued to resist Mr. Godschalk's release, saying that he believed the DNA testing was flawed and that he needed time to confirm the results. At long last, on 14 February 2002, after further testing did just that, Castor writes to Judge S. Gerald Corso of Common Pleas Court.: "I am not convinced that Bruce Godschalk is innocent, but I do not think there is sufficient evidence to convict him beyond a reasonable doubt" and suggests an immediate release.
At the time of his arrest, Godschalk was living with his parents in the Philadelphia suburbs and working for a landscaper. He had two prior arrests; for possession of marijuana and driving while impaired. Six months after the two rapes, after studying Godschalk's picture in a mug shot array for more than an hour, one victim identified him as her rapist. The second victim could not make an identification. After several hours of interrogation, Godschalk made a confession that he later recanted. His motion to throw out the confession was denied in the trial, and Castor still insists that it was valid.
While Godschalk was in prison, his sister (his only sibling), his father; and his mother all died. His mother left money in her will to pay for DNA testing. The tests cost about $10'000, said Barry Scheck, of the Innocence Project of the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in New York, which took on Godschalk's case after he wrote to them.prison
2000 La NASA, agencia espacial de Estados Unidos, consigue colocar a la nave espacial "Near" en la órbita del asteroide "Eros", todo un éxito pionero después de los sucesivos fracasos en Marte.
(Sunday) Clinton impeachment trial aftermath.
(1) After President Bill Clinton's acquittal on two articles of impeachment, members of Congress on both sides of the aisle are urging Independent Counsel Ken Starr not to bring criminal charges against him.
(2) There are also growing indications that the law authorizing independent counsels, set to expire this summer, may be yet another casualty of the Monica Lewinsky affair. Clinton supported its authorization in 1993. But in an interview aired today on "This Week," White House Chief of Staff John Podesta indicates that the White House may be of a different mind this time around, though he said no final decision has been made. "I think it's going to be very difficult to reauthorize this law based on not just Mr. Starr's case but on a number of cases that people have looked at without major, major revisions," he says.
Matt Drudge reports:
<BILL GIVES HILLARY LOVE PIN, VOWS NEVER TO CHEAT AGAIN
On Sunday evening in Mexico, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton was spotted wearing a heart-shaped gold pin on her dark suit a pin, sources say, that was given to her by her husband with a vow that he would never cheat on her again!
"It was a Valentine's Day gift," says a well-placed White House source traveling with the president. "He promised her that he will not hurt her anymore. The pin was a gift from his heart that came with a promise that he would remain faithful."
En route to Mexico, Mrs. Clinton walked through the press cabin aboard Air Force One and showed off the pin.
But one reporter who witnessed Mrs. Clinton's walk through the cabin felt that the First Lady was deliberately displaying the pin to show that all is now well between her and her husband.
"I think they were spinning us with all the fuss surrounding the pin," a network reporter e-mailed the DRUDGE REPORT from Mexico. "Monica's book is about to come out, and then the TV interview. I think they are trying hard to diffuse all of that."
Also on the plane ride down to Mexico the president shared a huge box of candy with reporters.
"Happy Valentine's Day," the president smiled.
1996 World chess champion Garry Kasparov, with White, after the Slav opening, draws his 4th game against the IBM supercomputer "Deep Blue," leaving the six-game match in Philadelphia tied after four games. (Kasparov loses on 10 Feb Game 1 — wins on 11 Feb Game 2 — draws on 13 Feb Game 3 — draws on 14 Feb Game 4 — wins on 16 Feb Game 5 — wins on 17 Feb Game 6) The game:
1. Nf3 d5 2. d4 c6 3. c4 e6 4. Nbd2 Nf6 5. e3 Nbd7 6. Bd3 Bd6 7. e4 dxe4 8. Nxe4 Nxe4 9. Bxe4 O-O 10. O-O h6 11. Bc2 e5 12. Re1 exd4 13. Qxd4 Bc5 14. Qc3 a5 15. a3 Nf6 16. Be3 Bxe3 17. Rxe3 Bg4 18. Ne5 Re8 19. Rae1 Be6 20. f4 Qc8 21. h3 b5 22. f5 Bxc4 23. Nxc4 bxc4 24. Rxe8+ Nxe8 25. Re4 Nf6 26. Rxc4 Nd5 27. Qe5 Qd7 28. Rg4 f6 29. Qd4 Kh7 30. Re4 Rd8 31. Kh1 Qc7 32. Qf2 Qb8 33. Ba4 c5 34. Bc6 c4 35. Rxc4 Nb4 36. Bf3 Nd3 37. Qh4 Qxb2 38. Qg3 Qxa3 39. Rc7 Qf8 40. Ra7 Ne5 41. Rxa5 Qf7 42. Rxe5 fxe5 43. Qxe5 Re8 44. Qf4 Qf6 45. Bh5 Rf8 46. Bg6+ Kh8 47. Qc7 Qd4 48. Kh2 Ra8 49. Bh5 Qf6 50. Bg6 Rg8 . The opponents agree to a draw.
1996 Turncoat Texas Senator Phil Gramm abandons his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. (years earlier, as a Democratic Congressman, he had abandoned his party).
1992 Cease fire in Somalia begins.
1990 At a conference in Ottawa, the United States and its European allies agree with the Soviet Union and East Germany on a two-stage formula to reunite Germany.
1990 Por primera vez en treinta años tiene lugar en Johannesburgo (Sudáfrica) una asamblea general del Congreso Nacional Africano (ANC).
1990 Perrier recalls 160 million bottles of sparkling water after traces of benzene, a carcinogen, are found in some.
1989 Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million in damages to the government of India in a court-ordered settlement of the 1984 Bhopal gas leak disaster.
1988 Alfredo Stroessner re-elected President of Paraguay.
1985 The US Rabbinical Assembly of Conservative Judaism announced their decision to begin accepting women as rabbis.
1984 Konstantin Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Yuri Andropov.
1984 Stormie Jones, 6, undergoes the first ever heart-liver transplant.
1979 Shan Kuo-Hsi, SJ [03 Dec 1923–], is consecrated bishop of Hwalien, Taiwan.
1971 Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House.
1963 Harold Wilson es escogido líder del Partido Laborista británico.
1960 France explodes its first atomic bomb.
1958 Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan forms. Jordania e Irak crean una federación como réplica a la fundación de la RAU.
1956 Indonesia withdraws from Netherlands Indonesian Union
1949 Russian-born English chemist and Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann, 74, was elected first president of the newly restored modern state of Israel.
1949 first session of Knesset opens in Jerusalem.
1946 Bank of England nationalized Política de nacionalizaciones en Gran Bretaña, entre ellas la del Banco de Inglaterra.
1945 Perú, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador join the United Nations.
1945 During World War II, the Soviets captured Budapest, Hungary, from the Germans.
1945 US 8th Air Force begins bombing Dresden.
1944 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
1943 German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia II Guerra Mundial: contraofensiva alemana en Túnez, dirigida por el general Von Arnim.
1943 Soviets recapture Rostov
1942 Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang Sumatra
1941 German Africa Corps lands in Tripoli, Libya
1940 British merchant vessel fleet is armed.
1931 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls El general Dámaso Berenguer dimite como presidente del Gobierno español seis días después de publicarse la convocatoria oficial de elecciones.
1921 Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing Ulysses, New York.
1920 The League of Nations recognized the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland.
1916 El Gobierno británico aprueba el plan de guerra del mariscal francés Joseph Joffre.
1912 Arizona becomes 48th US state.
1910 Cincuenta mil manifestantes piden en Berlín un sistema electoral libre, igualitario, directo y secreto en Prusia.
1899 US Congress approves, and President McKinley signs, legislation authorizing states to use voting machines for federal elections.
1894 Venus is both a morning star and evening star.
1889 Father Juan Soldevilla y Romero [20 or 29 Oct 1843 – assassinated 04 June 1923] is appointed Bishop of Tarazona, Spain. He would be appointed Archbishop of Saragossa on 16 December 1901 and made a cardinal on 15 December 1919.
1886 First trainload of oranges leaves Los Angeles
The first shipment loaded exclusively with oranges leaves Los Angeles' River Station. Traveling via the Southern Pacific and Union Pacific Railways, the shipment heads east to the Missouri River on express train time. [photo: This view is looking southwest. The building on the left is the ticket office and hotel; on the right is the freight depot. River Station was the city's only railroad depot at the time.]
Destined to become one of the state's major exports, the first trainload of oranges grown by southern California farmers leaves Los Angeles via the transcontinental railroad. The Spanish had established Los Angeles, one of the oldest cities in the Far West, in 1781 to help colonize the region. For several decades, the city was the largest center of population in Mexican California. Mexican settlement and development of California, however, proceeded very slowly, and Los Angeles developed little real economic or political power during this period. By the time the US took control of California in 1848, Los Angeles still only had just over 1610 inhabitants.
As Anglo-Americans began to assert their control over California, they gradually broke up the large Hispanic ranches and replaced them with a more diversified farming economy. With irrigation, southern California proved an ideal environment for growing many crops, particularly valuable fruits like oranges. During the 1870s and 1880s, state railroad lines linking Los Angeles into the new system of transcontinental railways created additional moneymaking opportunities. Settlers, tourists, and health seekers all boarded trains to travel to the Pacific, where the sunny climate and beautiful scenery promised a new and better life.
The healthful new California lifestyle became closely associated in the public mind with the sweet fruits that grew so abundantly in the orchards around Los Angeles. Taking advantage of the rapid transportation capabilities of the transcontinental lines, Los Angeles area orchard owners began shipping their oranges to the East in 1886. As the city grew, it subdivided many nearby orchards and pushed the orange growers out into regions like Orange County. There the orange growers steadily increased the size of their orchards to the point where local supplies of water for irrigation were inadequate. Determined to sustain their agricultural and real estate booms, Los Angeles residents undertook a massive program of hydraulic engineering in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Engineers took water from the distant mountains to transform the arid southern California ecosystem into a green agricultural and residential paradise.
The resulting growth was astonishing. In 1880, just before the first trainload of oranges departed, Los Angeles had 11'183 inhabitants. A decade later, the population had ballooned to 102'479. By 1920, there would be more than half a million residents. Los Angeles was already well on its way to becoming the largest urban center in the American West.
History of California citrus
In ancient Sanskrit, oranges and lemons were called "nagrunga" and "nimbu." Over the centuries, as they traveled from east to west, they became known as "orange" and "lemon." From India and China to Algeria and Spain they traveled, delicacies enjoyed mostly by the rich and the royal. Gradually, "nagrunga" gained in sweetness and "nimbu" lost its bitterness, taking on a zesty tart tang. [more]
But the history of California citrus can be directly traced to a wandering Kentucky trapper and a middle-aged couple from Maine. The trapper, William Wolfskill, first settled in what is now Los Angeles in 1841, where he planted hundreds of orange and lemon seedlings on two acres at Central Avenue and East Fifth Street, later the site of the Southern Pacific Central Station.
Wolfskill's trees, "Mediterranean Sweets" that he obtained from the San Gabriel Mission, flourished so well that he expanded his efforts to 70 acres. The resulting fruit, known as "Wolfskill Oranges," became famous throughout the Southland for their wonderful sweet taste. Soon, he began shipping his oranges and lemons north to San Francisco, where the California gold rush was just getting under way. By 1875, Wolfskill had planted groves of nearly 17'000 orange trees, representing a large proportion of all the trees in the state. But his were not the only oranges gaining fame.
Five years earlier, Maine residents Luther and Eliza Tibbets moved to Riverside to escape the cold Eastern winters. They wrote to the US Department of Agriculture requesting information on the types of trees to plant around their new home and were rewarded when Agricultural Commissioner William Saunders sent them three "navel" orange trees from Brazil, in an attempt to see if the foreign trees would flourish in the California climate. Although one tree did not survive (reputedly due to a wandering cow), the other two thrived. Soon word spread throughout the area of the miraculous new seedless oranges being grown by the Tibbets in Riverside.
Demand eventually became so great for the navel oranges, the Tibbets began selling budstock off the two trees for the unheard-of price of $5 a bud. Unwittingly, the Tibbets had created the beginnings of wholesale production of citrus fruit in the state. [more]
Meanwhile, Wolfskill had undertaken another bold venture as a citrus farmer. With the completion of the transcontinental railroad, he was able to load a freight car full of oranges in 1877 and send them East to St. Louis the first time citrus was shipped any great distance. Although it took a month for the freight car to arrive, the fruit was still in good condition, and amazed residents quickly bought out the entire shipment. With this undertaking, Wolfskill started wholesale marketing of California citrus. Between the intrepid trapper and the Eastern-bred Tibbets, the seeds of an entire industry had been successfully planted. Today, visitors to Riverside can still visit the "parent" navel orange tree.
|1879 Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta.
1866 Jesse and Frank James stage the first daylight bank robbery in US history, making off with $57'000 in Liberty, Missouri.
1859 Oregon admitted as 33rd state of the US.
1849 In New York City Matthew Brady takes the first photograph of a US President in office: James K. Polk [1795-1849] [<<<]
1689 English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince Willem III on the throne
1670 Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna.
1633 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before the Inquisition.
1610 Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 and Romanov family sign covenant against czar Vasili Shushki
1556 Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic.
1130 Gregorio Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II (3 hours later) Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II
1076 Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV
1014 Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II, Roman German emperor
0842 Charles II and Louis the German sign treaty La langue française émerge des serments de Strasbourg.
2005 Sgt. 1st Class David J.Salie, 34, of the US Army 2nd Battalion, 69th Armor Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division; when an improvised explosive device strikes his vehicle in Baqubah, Iraq. — (060213)
2005 Some 60 persons due to an accidental fire in the Ark mosque in Tehran, Iran, during evening prayers. The veil of a woman in the women's gallery is ignited by the flames of a kerosene heater. A large thick curtain then catches fire and drops onto some of the men on the main floor, spreading the fire. Panic ensues. Some 300 persons are injured.
2005 Five persons, by two separate terrorist explosion, one in General Santos and the other in Davao, the Philippines. Some 35 persons are injured.
2005:: 214 miners by a gas explosion at 15:00 (07:00 UT) 242 meters deep in the Haizhou section, one of the two of the Sujiawan mine (belonging to Fuxin Coal Industry Group) in Fuxin municipality, Liaoning province, China. 28 miners are injured..
2004 Some 40 persons of the more than 420 in the area under the 20-meter-high glass roof directly over the children's pool of the indoor Transvaal water park, on the southwestern outskirts of Moscow, Russia, who die as it collapses at 19:20 and during the next day while trapped under the debris. 111 persons are injured.
2004:: 14 Iraqi policemen, 4 civilians, and 4 of some 70 attackers of a police station in Fallujah, Iraq, from which they free the 75 prisoners there, who were all arrested for common crimes such as theft and murder. 25 policemen and 10 other persons are wounded.
2003 Ziad al-Shaer, 24, and Muhammad Hamad Qashta, 20, Palestinians, when Israeli troops blasted an infiltration tunnel at the border with Egypt in Rafah, Gaza Strip..
2003 Dolly Finn Dorset, born on 05 July 1996, killed because she was suffering from progressive lung disease, at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland. She is survived by her offsprings, Bonnie born on 13 April 1998, and triplets (2 males, 1 female) born on 24 March 1999, and by their father David Welsh Mountain. First mammal cloned from an adult, Dolly, a sheep of the Finn Dorset breed, seemed to have aged at almost twice the normal rate for sheep, which can live 12 years. Late in 2001 she was already suffering from arthritis in the hip and knee of her left hind leg. [December 1997 photo below]
2003 Major Henry Angarita, head of the local SIJIN (Sección
Judicial y de Investigación), and at least 14 others,
including a 6-year-old girl and 8 policemen who were raiding a house in
the Villa Magdalena neighborhood of Neiva, departamento del Huila, Colombia,
where a large number of mortar shells are made to explode at 05:45 (10:45
UT) destroying also some neighboring houses. 30 are injured.
2003 Paul Everett Meehl, 83, of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, US psychologist, author of Clinical Versus Statistical Prediction: A Theoretical Analysis and Review of the Evidence (1954)
2002 Abdul Rahman, [< photo] Afghan interim administration aviation and tourism minister, at the Kabul airport late in the day. murdered. It is made to appear that it is by a mob of hajjis enraged that he was about to fly to New Delhi on an official trip while they faced interminable delays awaiting flights to Mecca. But the next day provisional president Hamid Karzai states that those who storm Rahman's plane, beat him, and throw him out to the ground, were executing a plan hatched by a conspiracy involving government officials, who considered Rahman a turncoat for switching from their anti-Talaban faction to another. Three of the conspirators are believed to have left soon after the murder, on hajji flights for Saudi Arabia: Gen. Abdullah Jan Tawhidi, the deputy intelligence chief; Gen. Kalandar Beg, deputy of the technical office of the defense ministry; and Halim, an official of the Justice Ministry. Three others are soon arrested in Kabul, including Abdul Rehim. Rahman had been a member of the Jamiat e-Islami party, which is the northern alliance faction of ex-President Burhanuddin Rabbani and slain opposition leader Ahmed Shah Massood. But sometime during the Taliban years, he left the party and switched his alliance to a group loyal to exiled king Zaher Shah.
2002 Three Israelis soldiers, in a Merkava tank (the first one destroyed by Palestinians) destroyed by a 200-kg bomb exploding under it on the Kami-Netzarim road, as the tank was coming to the aid of a settlers' convoy headed for the Netzarim enclave settlement that was stopped at about 21:00 by a bomb exploding harmlessly next to an armored bus and by machinegun fire which caused no injuries. The Palestinian Salahudin Brigade, the military wing of the Popular Resistance Committees group, announces that it carried out the attack. The al-Aqsa intifada body count is now at least 844 Palestinians and 259 Israelis. About 6000 Jews live in 22 settlements in the Gaza Strip, surrounded by a million resentful Palestinians.
2001 Sgt. Kochava Polanski, 19, Cpl. Alexander Manevitz, 18, 1st Sgt. Ofir Magidish, 20., L-R, Sgt. Rahel Levy, 19, Sgt. David Elouz, 21, Sgt. Julie Weiner, 21 [photo of the 6 Israeli soldiers, left to right, and top to bottom >], and two Israeli civilians, by a bus driven by Palestinian, which crashes into a bus stop crowded with Israeli soldiers and civilians, in Asur, south of Tel Aviv, at 07:50. Twenty Israelis are injured. Police cars chase the bus over 15 km and then fire on it, causing it to crash into a truck, and seriously injuring the bus driver, Khalil Abu Olbeh, 35, father of 5 from Gaza City. He worked for the Israeli bus company Egged since 5 years ago, driving Palestinian laborers from Gaza to Israel, and had completed his morning run.
2000 Salem al-Ajami, 23, by Russian armor he was facing as a volunteer on the Chechen side, from Kuwait.
2000 Sandra Roberts, 41, White, in Kansas City, when Sean Adams, Black, steals her car which drags her entangled in her seat belt. Children have died in the same way, including Jake Robel, 6, in Independence. Missouri on 22 February 2000 and João Hélio Fernandes Vieites, 6, in a Rio de Janeiro suburb on 07 February 2007. —(070213)
1997 Antonino Nepomuceno O.M.I [13 Jun 1925–], killed in a plane bound to Zamboanga City, as it crashes not far from the airport in Jolo, Sulu, the Philippines, where Nepomuceno had attended the burial of bishop Benjamin D. de Jesus O.M.I. [25 Jul 1940 – 04 Feb 1997], who had been murdered. On 23 May 1953 Nepomuceno had been ordained a priest of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate. On 31 August 1969 he was consecrated a bishop to be Auxiliary of Cotabato, the Philippines; he resigned on 11 December 1979. —(080117)
1995 U Nu PM of Burma (1948-56, 57-58, 60-62)
1994 Donald Judd, US Minimalist sculptor born in 1928 LINKS
1991 Some 130 Iraqi civilians, by British jet fighters raiding the town of Fallouja.
1988 Nora Astorga, líder sandinista, embajadora de Nicaragua en la ONU.
1980 Más de 200 personas por inundaciones en Irán.
1979 Adolph Dubs, US ambassador to Afghanistan, is kidnapped in Kabul by Muslim extremists and killed in a shootout between his abductors and police.
1975 Pelham G Wodehouse, 93, English/US writer (Piccadilly Jim) P.G. Wodehouse, escritor humorista inglés.
1975 Julian S Huxley, 87, English scholar/director-general (UNESCO) Julian Huxley, reputado biólogo británico.
1969 Vito Genovese, 71, US mafia chief.
1943 David Hilbert, 81, German mathematician (Hilbert Space)
1943 The first killed in the battle of the Kasserine Pass, as it begins.
German General Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps start an offensive against an Allied defensive line in Tunisia, North Africa. The Kasserine Pass was the site of the United States' first major battle defeat of the war. General Erwin Rommel was dispatched to North Africa in February 1942, along with the new Afrika Korps, to prevent his Italian Axis partner from losing its territorial gains in the region to the British. Despite his skill, until this point Rommel had been unable to do much more than manage his own forces' retreats, but the Battle of Kasserine Pass would finally display the "Desert Fox's" strategic genius.
In the Battle of El Alamein in August 1942, British General Bernard Montgomery pushed Rommel out of Egypt and into Tunisia, behind the Mareth Line, a defensive fortification built by Vichy French forces.
After taking several months to regroup, Rommel decided on a bold move. Rommel set his sites of Tunis, Tunisia's capital and a key strategic goal for both Allied and Axis forces. Rommel determined that the weakest point in the Allied defensive line was at the Kasserine Pass, a 3-km-wide gap in Tunisia's Dorsal Mountains, which was defended by American troops. His first strike was repulsed, but with tank reinforcements, Rommel broke through on February 20, inflicting devastating casualties on the US forces. The Americans withdrew from their position, leaving behind most of their equipment. More than 1000 American soldiers were killed by Rommel's offensive, and hundreds were taken prisoner. The United States had finally tasted defeat in battle.
1940 Day 72 of Winter War: USSR aggression against Finland.
More deaths due to Stalin's desire to grab Finnish territory.
Russians lose 30'000-40'000 in Summa
Eastern Isthmus: fierce fighting in Taipale results in the enemy retaking the Kirvesmäki stronghold which had been recaptured by Finnish troops during the night. After a massive artillery barrage lasting two hours the Russians launch an assault in both Terenttilä and Kirvesmäki.
The attack is supported by both aircraft and tanks. Lack of sufficient available strength makes it impossible for the Finnish troops to respond effectively.
The ferocity of the battle is illustrated by the fact that the commander of the company with responsibility for the front has to be replaced three times within the space of just a few hours due to the death or injury of his predecessor.
There is a lull in the fighting at 5.35 p.m. In compliance with their orders the Finnish troops in Summa pull out of their positions in the Lähde sector. Fortunately there is no enemy attack during the withdrawal, reorganization and regrouping of the Finnish defences. The Finns also succeed in reinforcing their troops in the Summa sector.
The Russians lose 30,000-40,000 men in Summa. The enemy awards an assault tank brigade trapped in a 'motti' 300 roubles to distribute among the troops in honour of the 22nd anniversary of the Red Army.
In the north, the Finnish 9th Division suspends attacks on the Kuhmo 'mottis'.
Commander-in-Chief Mannerheim, the commanding officer of the Army of the Isthmus, and the commanding officer of II Army Corps meet in Saarela manor house to discuss the situation on the Isthmus.
Viipuri: enemy bombers damage the castle bridge and Viipuri Castle itself.
On the home front, Soviet bombers hit Hamina.
The Finnish Government publishes a note aimed at foreign powers on the Soviet Union's infringements of the customs of war.
Abroad: British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain informs Finland's diplomatic representative in London, Georg Gripenberg that the United Kingdom is prepared to supply Finland with thirty 84 mm field cannons and 30,000 shells. This is around a third of what Finland had asked for.
^ Venäläiset menettävät 30 000-40 000 miestä suurtaisteluissa Talvisodan 77. päivä, 14.helmikuuta.1940
Taipaleessa taistellaan ankarasti. Suomalaiset menettävät viime yönätakaisin valtaamansa Kirvesmäen tukikohdan.
Venäläiset aloittavat voimakkaan kaksituntisen tulikeskityksen jälkeen hyökkäyksen sekä Terenttilässä että Kirvesmäessä.
Lentokoneet ja panssarivaunut tukevat vihollisen hyökkäystä.
Suomalaisten vastaiskut käytettävissä olevin vähäisin voimin jäävät tuloksettomiksi.
Taistelun rajuutta kuvaa, että rintamavastuussa olevan komppanian päällikkö vaihtuu muutaman tunnin kuluessa kolmasti kaatumisten tai haavoittumisten johdosta.
Taistelu taukoaa klo 17.35. Saamansa käskyn mukaisesti suomalaisjoukot irtautuvat Lähteen lohkon asemista Summassa.
Suomalaisten onneksi vihollinen ei hyökkää. Vetäytyminen, joukkojen järjestely ja puolustuksen uudelleen-ryhmittäminen saadaan suorittaa rauhassa. Suomi saa myös joukkojen täydennystä Summan lohkolle.
9. Divisioona keskeyttää hyökkäykset motteja vastaan Kuhmossa.
Venäläiset menettävät 30 000-40 000 miestä Summan suurtaisteluissa.
Vihollinen myöntää motissa olevalle hyökkäysvaunuprikaatille 300 ruplaa joukkojen palkitsemiseen puna-armeijan 22-vuotisjuhlan kunniaksi.
Ylipäällikkö, Kannaksen Armeijan komentaja ja II Armeijakunnan komentaja neuvottelevat Kannaksen tilanteesta Saarelan kartanossa.
Vihollinen pommittaa Viipuria: linnansilta ja itse Viipurin linna kärsivät vahinkoja.
Kotirintamalla vihollinen pommittaa Haminaa.
Suomen hallitus julkaisee ulkovalloille suunnatun nootin Neuvostoliiton sodankäyntitapojen rikkomuksista.
Ulkomailta: Englannissa pääministeri Chamberlain ilmoittaa Suomen lähettiläs Gripenbergille, että Englanti on valmis luovuttamaan Suomelle 30 kappaletta 84 mm:n kenttäkanuunoita ja niihin 30 000 ammusta. Tämä on noin kolmannes suomalaisten pyytämästä määrästä.
^Ryssarna mister 30'000-40'000 man i stora sammandrabbningar Vinterkrigets 77 dag, den 14 februari 1940
Blodiga strider pågår i Taipale. Finland förlorar igen basen i Kirvesmäki som återerövrades i natt. Efter två timmar av häftiga eldkoncentrationer anfaller fienden både i Terenttilä och Kirvesmäki. Flygplan och pansarvagnar stöder fiendens anfall.
De finska motattackerna med de fåtaliga styrkorna ger inget resultat.
På grund av att kompanichefen som ansvarar för fronten stupar eller såras byts ledningen tre gånger under några timmar, vilket beskriver hur våldsamma striderna är. Kl. 17.35 görs ett uppehåll i striderna. Enligt order lösgör sig de finska trupperna från Lähdeavsnittets ställningar i Summa.
Till all lycka anfaller fienden inte. Finnarna kan i lugn och ro retirera, ordna trupperna och omgruppera försvaret. Trupperna får också förstärkning till avsnittet i Summa.
Den 9. Divisionen koncentrerar anfallen mot mottin i Kuhmo.
Ryssarna mister 30 000-40 000 man i de stora sammandrabbningarna i Summa. Fienden belönar stridsvagnsbrigaden som befinner sig i mottin med 300 rubel med anledning av Röda Arméns 22-årsfest.
Överbefälhavaren, kommendören för armén på Näset och kommendören för den II Armékåren förhandlar på Saarela gård om situationen på Näset.
Fienden bombar Viborg: slottsbron och själva slottet lider skador.
På hemmafronten bombar fienden Fredrikshamn.
Finlands regering riktar en not åt främmande makter om att Sovjetunionen bryter mot krigföringsetiketten.
Utrikes: I England meddelar statsminister Chamberlain åt Finlands ambassadör Gripenberg att England är redo att överlåta 30 stycken 84 mm:s fältkanoner och tillhörande 30 000 projektiler. Det här är ungefär en tredjedel av den mängd som Finland har anhållit om.
| 1936 Jack Machine Gun McGurn, who, on behalf
of Al Capone had organized the Valentine's Day Massacre of 7 of Bugs Moran's
men, is killed by a burst of machine-gun fire from Moran in a crowded bowling
alley. Moran would never be charged with this murder.
| 1927: 600 personas en un terremoto en el sur de Yugoslavia.
1926 Juan Benlloch y Vivó, Valencian born on 29 December 1864; ordained a Catholic priest on 25 February 1888; appointed Apostolic Administrator of Solsona on 16 December 1901 and consecrated a bishop on 02 February 1902; appointed Bishop of Urgel on 06 December 1906; appointed Archbishop of Burgos on 07 January 1919; made a cardinal on 07 March 1921.
1917 Diego Euclides de Angulo y Lemos, político conservador colombiano.
1917:: 2ndLt. Francis Chisholm “Frankie” Young and 2ndLt. Adam Gower Sutherland de Ross, as their British Royal Flying Corps Morane Type P plane catches fire and breaks up in air under attack by 8 German planes over Guedecourt, France, where observer de Ross and pilot Young were on an artillery observation patrol. Young, an engineering graduate born in 1897, is survived by his parents mathematicians William Henry Young [20 Oct 1863 – 07 July 1942] and Grace (Chisholm) Young [15 March 1868 – 29 Mar 1944]; and by his siblings mathematician Rosalind Cecilia Hildegard “Cecily” [1900-1992] (married Bernard Tanner in 1953), physician Janet Dorothea Ernestine Young [1901–] (married Stephen Michael in 1932), Helen Marion Kinnear Young [20 Sep 1903 – 23 Dec 1947] (married Jean-Marie-Félix Canu in 1929), mathematician Laurence Chisholm “Laurie” Young [14 July 1905 – 24 Dec 2000] (married Elizabeth Dunnett in 1934); engineer Patrick Chisholm “Pat” Young [1908–] (married Marjorie Sargent in 1950).
1907 Adolf Seel, German artist born on 01 March 1829.
1894 Catalan, mathematician.
1891 William Tecumseh Sherman, 71, Union Civil War General (captured Atlanta) (War is hell), born on 08 February 1820.
1888 Arthur Johann Severin Nikutowski, German artist born on 09 January 1830.
1881 Fernando Wood, born on 14 June 1812, US congressman (1841-1843, 1863-1865, 1867-1881) and mayor of New York City (1855-1857, 1859-1861), Civil War leader of the Northern peace Democrats (“Copperheads”), caricatured by Thomas Nast [27 Sep 1840 – 07 Dec 1902] in the 02 January 1864 Harper's Weekly.
1868 Emilius-Ditlev Baerentzen, Danish artist born on 30 October 1799.
1831 Vincente Guerrero Mexican revolutionary hero.
1799 Luis Paret y Alcazar, Spanish artist born on 11 February 1746.
1780 Gabriel Jacques de Saint-Aubin, French painter, draughtsman, and etcher, born on 14 April 1724. MORE ON DE SAINT~AUBIN AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1779: 413 personas al ceder en su inauguración el puente sobre el Guadalete en Puerto de Santa María (Cádiz).
1540 Rebels in Ghent, executed by emperor Charles V, after entering without resistance.
1405 Timur/Tamerlan "Lenk" [Crippled], 68, Mongols monarch
1400 Richard II, 33, king of England (1377-99), murdered
1349 2000 Jews burned at the stake in Strasbourg France.
0869 Cyrillus Greek apostle of Slavs.
1949 Rafael Angel Calderón Fournier, presidente de Costa Rica.
1941 Reflections in a Golden Eye by Carson McCullers is first published.
1940 Porpoise first born in captivity in US (Marineland, Florida)
1939 German battleship DKM Bismarck is launched [photo >] in the presence of Hitler. It would then be outfitted, including the addition of a new "clipper" bow (which the Germans called an "Atlantic" bow), commissioned in August 1940, run trials during the following months, and be fully ready for service late in 1940. It would be sunk by the British navy on 27 May 1941.
1928 Juan García Hortelano, escritor español.
1924 IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson
1920 League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago; its first president is Maude Wood Park.
1919 United Parcel Service forms
1913 Jimmy Hoffa Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975.
1908 Felipe María Garin, investigador artístico y académico español.
1896 Milne, mathematician.
1895 The Importance of Being Earnest, Oscar Wilde's last play, opens at the St. James' Theatre in London.
1891 Celso Lagar, Spanish artist who died in 1966.
1882 George Jean Nathan, US author, editor, and drama critic, who died on 08 April 1958.
1876 The telephone: Alexander Graham Bell files an application for its patent.
1873 Albert Guillaume, French artist who died in 1942.
1869 Charles T. R. Wilson, Scottish physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel). He died on 15 November 1959.
1861 Peder Vilhelm Ilsted, Danish artist who died in 1933.
1860 Léon Marie Gaussson, French artist who died on 27 October 1944.
1859 George Washington Gale Ferris engineer/inventor (Ferris Wheel)
1854 Rudolf Ernst, Austrian artist specializes in Orientalism who died in 1932. — links to images.
1850 Eugène Henri Cauchois, French artist who died on 11 October 1911.
1847 Anna Howard Shaw, US minister, lecturer, and one of the most influential leaders of the women's suffrage movement. She died on 02 July 1919.
1846 Julian Scott, US artist who died on 04 July 1901.
1845 Quintin Hogg, English philanthropist and social reformer who died on 17 January 1903. [Did Hogg hog the limelight?[
1836 Valentine Cameron Prinsep, Indian British Pre-Raphaelite painter who died on 11 November 1904. MORE ON PRINSEP AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1839 Hankel, mathematician
1814 Joseph Urbain Mélin, French artist who died on 28 November 1886.
1811 Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, escritor y político argentino.
1796 Valentín Carderera y Solano, pintor, arqueólogo, y escritor español.
1790 Pierre Duval-Lecamus, French artist who died on 29 July 1854.
1790 Louise Joséphine Sarazin de Belmont, French artist who died on 09 December 1870.
1766 (possibly up to 3 days later) Thomas Robert Malthus, Rookery, Surrey, England, economist and demographer notorious for his theory (disproved by later experience, at least into the 21st century) that population growth will always tend to outrun the food supply and must be curbed to ensure prosperity. Malthus died on 23 December 1834. MALTHUS ONLINE: An Essay on the Principle of Population An Essay on the Principle of Population The Grounds of an Opinion on the Policy of Restricting the Importation of Foreign Corn An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent An Investigation of the Cause of the Present High Price of Provisions Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws
1713 Jan Ten Compe, Dutch artist who died on 11 November 1761. — more
1635 The Boston Public Latin School is founded. It is the oldest public school in the United States.
1575 Giovanni-Andrea Donducci il Mastelletta, Italian artist who died on 25 April 1655. — more
1515 Frederick III “the Pious”, elector Palatine of the Rhine (from 1559) who died on 26 October 1576. He became a Lutheran in 1546 and a Calvinist somewhat later. He was a leader of the German Protestant princes who strove to impose Protestantism on Germany, France, and the Netherlands.
1483 Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah prince/founder Mogols-dynasty
1468 Werner, mathematician.
OF THE DAY:
(x^2 + y^2 - 2ax)^2 = 4a^2(x^2 + y^2)
r = 2a(1 + cos(t))
Three Saints, birds, Chaucer, and Saint Valentine's Day
Click on icon below for full image of SAINT VALENTINE, by a XVIth-century Tyrolean
Click on detail below for complete picture ST. VALENTINE'S DAY THE OLD STORY IN ALL LANDS by Winslow Homer [1836~1910]
— Klimt ::: The Kiss (1908) _ detail — Alma~Tadema ::: A Kiss (1891) — Cassatt ::: Maternal Kiss (1897) — Cassatt ::: A Kiss for Baby Anne (1897)
— Gérard ::: Amor and Psyche (Psyche Receiving the First Kiss of Love)
— Klimt ::: Beethoven Frieze: This kiss for the whole world — Briullov ::: Italian Woman Blowing a Kiss (1826)
— Brancusi ::: The Kiss (1908) — Hayez ::: The Kiss (1859)
— Munch ::: The Kiss (1921) — Munch ::: The Kiss (1892) — Munch ::: The Kiss (1897)
— Picasso ::: The Kiss (1969) Gloag ::: The Kiss of the Enchantress — Stuck ::: The Kiss of the Sphinx (1895)
— Nicolo da Bologna ::: The Marriage; the Kiss of the Bride (initial P); the Bride Abandoned (initial D) (1355)
— Fragonard ::: The Stolen Kiss (1788) _ detail Doisneau ::: Kiss by the Hotel de Ville (1950 photo)