<< Feb 10| HISTORY “4” “2”DAY |Feb 12 >>
Events, deaths, births, of FEB 11 v.8.11
WORLD DAY OF THE SICK
[For Feb 11 Julian go to Gregorian date: 1583~1699: Feb 21 1700s: Feb 22 1800s: Feb 23 1900~2099: Feb 24]
an 11 February:
2006 Steve Fossett [22 Apr 1944~], US financier and distance-record setter, makes an emergency landing of his plane [photo above] in Bournemouth, UK, ending at 17:07 (local = UT) (about 270 km short of his goal in Manston) a 42'469.5 km round-the-world record-setting eastward solo flight which started at 07:22 (12:22 UT) on 08 February 2006 from Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. — (060212)
2001 A Palestinian military court of three judges in Hebron sentences Hassan Mohammed Hassan Musalam, 55, to death by firing squad for helping the Israel Defense Forces during the four-month-old Intifada.
2001 NY Times online publishes Chasing Mexico's Dream Into Squalor about life on the Mexican side of the border.
2000 Britain strips Northern Ireland's Protestant-Catholic government of power in to try and prevent its collapse over the IRA's refusal to disarm.
2000 On the 10th anniversary of his being freed from 27 years of political imprisonment, Nelson Mandela returns to his rural village birthplace, Umtata, to open a museum dedicated to his life. [photo >]
1999 Pluto is once again the farthest planet from the sun in our solar system (it had been closer to the Sun than Neptune since 7 February 1979).
^ 1999 Clinton's impeachment trial in US Senate: censure not likely.
(1) At the beginning of today's closed Senate deliberation session, 37 senators are still left to speak, and only eight complete their statements during the morning session. Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-Vermont) says the pace seems to accelerate later, with more and more members submitting their statements into the written record without speaking.
| (2) Sen. Joe Lieberman (D-Connecticut) says that after
the vote on the articles of impeachment against Clinton on Feb. 12, he and
Sens. Dianne Feinstein (D-California) and Robert Bennett (R-Utah) plan to
introduce a censure motion, even though its prospect for passage are dim.
| (5) Attorney General Janet Reno, without commenting
directly on reports that her department is probing possible prosecutorial
missteps by Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr, pledges there would be no
interference with his investigation.
(6) Matt Drudge reports:
It now appears increasingly unlikely that Starr would take the highly controversial step of indicting Clinton during the 23 months remaining in the president's term, if he were to charge him at all, the WASHINGTON POST is reporting Friday editions.
"The recent departures of some of Starr's senior aides lends weight to the idea that there is no plan in place to pounce," Susan Schmidt and Ruth Marcus report in the POST.
"Brett Kavanaugh and Robert Bittman, who handled the Lewinsky investigation, are leaving. Deputy Jackie Bennett and prosecutor Solomon Wisenberg, both key lawyers in the Lewinsky investigation, are also said to be hunting for jobs, suggesting that they do not expect the office to be embroiled in the first-ever prosecution of a president any time soon."
Apparently tired of waiting for NBC NEWS to air an interview the went down more than 3 weeks ago, Juanita Broaddrick, aka Jane Doe #5, has given a preliminary interview to the WALL STREET JOURNAL, the DRUDGE REPORT has learned.
Broaddrick is talking to WSJ's Dorothy Rabinowitz in Arkansas.
Details of the conversations could not be learned Thursday night.
FOOTNOTE: CBS's 60 MINUTES is also circling Broaddrick.
"I did it because I am a patriot," Linda Tripp tells NBC's TODAY show in a tapped [sic] interview set to air Friday morning.
"Lucianne Goldberg told me to go to Ken Starr," Linda Tripp tells the NEW YORK TIMES in another one set to run on Page One.
Tripp, who has been bottled-up and ready to pop, is unloading in the nation's media outlets.
Tripp tells TODAY's Jamie Gangel in a two-segment interview: "It was worth it to me to do what I considered to be my patriotic duty. And, yes, I would do it again."
One insider who was present during the taping of the interview says Tripp was "strong" and "stayed calm" throughout the session.
But according to publishing sources, Tripp broke down in tears toward the end of her two-hours with the TIMES' Don Van Natta Jr.
"Mrs. Tripp describes herself as Ms. Lewinsky's protector, perhaps her 'only friend,'" writes Van Natta.
Tripp tells the TIMES: "I always saw Monica as a kid, I always saw her as a lost soul. I believe she and the country will never understand that I believed this was in her best interest, and that makes me very sad."
"I am so fond of Monica," Tripp said. "I remain as fond of her today as I always have been. And I wish her nothing but the best."
TODAY SHOW MOMENTS:
TRIPP: "The public has absolutely no idea what Monica endured. It's not out there. As I said, the histrionics, the hysteria, the throwing of lamps, the damage to herself. These things are not out there. People think this is consensual and that I inserted myself somehow. It was not. If my daughter found herself in a situation such as this where she was being abused, used, discarded, I would hope someone would come in and help her."
GANGEL: "Are you saying President Clinton abused Monica?"
TRIPP: "Absolutely. Emotionally abused Monica and discarded her."
GANGEL: "When all is said and done, Monica's life has been ruined. President Clinton remains in office. The country has gone through a year of scandal, which many people blame you for. Was it worth it?"
TRIPP: "First of all, I take exception to the fact that I brought this all about. These were choices made by the President of the United States. For me to actively engage in a conspiracy to circumvent anyone's civil rights or to perjure myself and commit a felony, those were not an option for me. I, as a citizen, should not be afraid of my President. Was it all worth it to me? It was worth it to me to do what I considered to be my patriotic duty. And yes, I would do it all again."
GANGEL: "So no regrets?"
TRIPP: "Of course there are regrets. This is a tragic year for all of us. But I would do it again."
1996 In Philadelphia, one day after losing Game 1 to IBM computer “Deep Blue,” world chess champion Garry Kasparov, now with White and using the Catalan opening, defeats the machine in Game 2 and evens their six-game series in Philadelphia at one victory apiece. (Kasparov loses on 10 Feb Game 1 — wins on 11 Feb Game 2 — draws on 13 Feb Game 3 — draws on 14 Feb Game 4 — wins on 16 Feb Game 5 — wins on 17 Feb Game 6) The game:
1.Nf3 d5 — 2.d4 e6 — 3.g3 c5 — 4.Bg2 Nc6 — 5.O-O Nf6 — 6.c4 dxc4 — 7.Ne5 Bd7 — 8.Na3 cxd4 — 9.Naxc4 Bc5 — 10.Qb3 O-O — 11.Qxb7 Nxe5 — 12.Nxe5 Rb8 — 13.Qf3 Bd6 — 14.Nc6 Bxc6 — 15.Qxc6 e5 — 16.Rb1 Rb6 — 17.Qa4 Qb8 — 18.Bg5 Be7 — 19.b4 Bxb4 — 20.Bxf6 gxf6 — 21.Qd7 Qc8 — 22.Qxa7 Rb8 — 23.Qa4 Bc3 — 24.Rxb8 Qxb8 — 25.Be4 Qc7 — 26.Qa6 Kg7 — 27.Qd3 Rb8 — 28.Bxh7 Rb2 — 29.Be4 — Rxa2 — 30.h4 — Qc8 — 31.Qf3 — Ra1 — 32.Rxa1 — Bxa1 — 33.Qh5 — Qh8 — 34.Qg4+ — Kf8 — 35.Qc8+ — Kg7 — 36.Qg4+ — Kf8 — 37.Bd5 Ke7 — 38.Bc6 Kf8 — 39.Bd5 Ke7 — 40.Qf3 Bc3 — 41.Bc4 Qc8 — 42.Qd5 Qe6 — 43.Qb5 Qd7 — 44.Qc5+ Qd6 — 45.Qa7+Qd7 — 46.Qa8Qc7 — 47.Qa3+Qd6 — 48.Qa2f5 — 49.Bxf7e4 — 50.Bh5Qf6 — 51.Qa3+Kd7 — 52.Qa7+Kd8 — 53.Qb8+Kd7 — 54.Be8+Ke7 — 55.Bb5Bd2 — 56.Qc7+Kf8 — 57.Bc4Bc3 — 58.Kg2Be1 — 59.Kf1Bc3 — 60.f4exf3 — 61.exf3Bd2 — 62.f4Ke8 — 63.Qc8+Ke7 — 64.Qc5+ Kd8 — 65.Bd3 Be3 — 66.Qxf5 Qc6 — 67.Qf8+ Kc7 — 68.Qe7+ Kc8 — 69.Bf5+ Kb8 — 70.Qd8+ Kb7 — 71.Qd7+ Qxd7 — 72.Bxd7 Kc7 — 73.Bb5 Black Resigns
1993 US President Clinton appoints the first woman Attorney General, Janet Reno [< photo], who would become one more Attorney General infamous for misuses and abuses of authority. Hers were committed in at least three cases: Waco [28 Feb 93 — 19 Apr 93 followed by prosecution of victims and absolution of mass murderers], Ruby Ridge [prosecution of victims and absolution of the 21-22 Aug 1992 murderers], Elián [climaxing on 22 Apr 2000].
1993 First annual World Day of the Sick. —(080211)
1988 Anthony M Kennedy appointed to the US Supreme Court.
1987 Philippines constitution goes into effect.
1986 Iran begins Fajr-8 offensive against Iraq.
1986 Rights activist Anatoly Scharansky released by USSR, leaves country.
1985 Jordan king Hussein and PLO leader Arafat sign accord.
1981 Polish premier Jozef Pinkowski replaced by Wojciech Jaruzelski.
1979 Iran's premier Bakhtiar resigns, followers of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini seize power.
1978 China lifts a ban on Aristotle, Shakespeare, and Dickens.
1977 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean)
1971 US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons.
1964 Greek and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
1964 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France.
1958 Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Communist Chinese Minister of Foreign affairs.
1953 Russia breaks diplomatic relations with Israel.
1953 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple.
1951 Kwame Nkrumah wins first parliamentary election on Gold coast (Ghana)
1945 US-UK-USSR Yalta Conference ends.
US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin sign the Yalta Agreement during World War II
A week of intensive bargaining by the leaders of the three major Allied powers ends in Yalta, a Soviet resort town on the Black Sea. It was the second conference of the "Big Three" Allied leaders US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and the war had progressed mightily since their last meeting, which had taken place in Tehran in late 1943.
What was then called the Crimea conference was held at the old summer palace of Czar Nicholas II on the outskirts of Yalta, in the Ukraine. With victory over Germany three months away, Churchill and Stalin were more intent on dividing Europe into zones of political influence than in addressing military considerations. Germany would be divided into four zones of occupation administered by the three major powers and France and was to be thoroughly demilitarized and its war criminals brought to trial. The Soviets were to administer those European countries they liberated but promised to hold free elections. The British and Americans would oversee the transition to democracy in countries such as Italy, Austria, and Greece. Final plans were made for the establishment of the United Nations, and a charter conference was scheduled to begin in San Francisco in April.
A frail President Roosevelt, two months from his death, concentrated his efforts on gaining Soviet support for the US war effort against Japan. The secret US atomic bomb project had not yet tested a weapon, and it was estimated that an amphibious attack against Japan could cost hundreds of thousands of American lives. After being assured of an occupation zone in Korea, and possession of Sakhalin Island and other territories historically disputed between Russia and Japan, Stalin agreed to enter the Pacific War within two to three months of Germany's surrender.
Most of the Yalta accords remained secret until after World War II, and the items that were revealed, such as Allied plans for Germany and the United Nations, were generally applauded. Roosevelt returned to the United States exhausted, and when he went to address the US Congress on Yalta he was no longer strong enough to stand with the support of braces. In that speech, he called the conference "a turning point, I hope, in our history, and therefore in the history of the world." He would not live long enough, however, to see the iron curtain drop along the lines of division laid out at Yalta. In April, he traveled to his cottage in Warm Springs, Georgia, to rest and on 12 April died of a cerebral hemorrhage.
On 16 July, the United States successfully tested an atomic bomb in the New Mexico desert. On 06 August, it dropped one of these deadly weapons on Hiroshima, Japan. Two days later, true to its pledge at Yalta, the Soviet Union declared war against Japan. The next day, the United States dropped another atomic bomb on Nagasaki, and the Soviets launched a massive offensive against the Japanese in Manchuria. On 15 August, the combination of the US atomic attacks and the Soviet offensive forced a Japanese surrender. At the end of the month, US troops landed in Japan unopposed.
When the full text of the Yalta agreements were released in the years following World War II, many criticized Roosevelt and Churchill for delivering Eastern Europe and North Korea into communist domination by conceding too much to Stalin at Yalta. The Soviets never allowed free elections in postwar Eastern Europe, and communist North Korea was sharply divided from its southern neighbor.
Eastern Europe, liberated (actually just suffering a change of oppressors) and occupied by the Red Army, would have become Soviet satellites regardless of what had happened at Yalta. Because of the atomic bomb, however, Soviet assistance was not needed to defeat the Japanese. Without the Soviet invasion of the Japanese Empire in the last days of World War II, North Korea and various other Japanese-held territories that fell under Soviet control undoubtedly would have come under the sway of the United States. At Yalta, however, Roosevelt had no guarantee that the atomic bomb would work, and so he sought Soviet assistance in what was predicted to be the costly task of subduing Japan. Stalin, more willing than Roosevelt to sacrifice troops in the hope of territorial gains, happily accommodated his American ally, and by the end of the war had considerably increased Soviet influence in East Asia.
| 1944 German troops re-conquer Aprilia Italy.
1943 General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
1943 Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany.
1941 Lieutenant-General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli
1926 Tokelau (Union) islands in south Pacific transfers to New Zealand.
1922 US intervention army leaves Honduras.
1919 Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected President of Germany.
1916 Emma Goldman, US anarchist and advocate of free speech, women's equality, the eight-hour day, and birth control, is arrested in New York City while giving a public lecture on family planning.
1913. Decena Trágica. El general Victoriano Huerta, comandante militar de la ciudad de México y "fiel" al gobierno del señor Madero y del licenciado Pino Suárez, hace un simulacro de ataque a la Ciudadela, donde se encuentran sublevados (sus cómplices) los generales Félix Díaz y Manuel Mondragón. En previsión de apoyo a las nefastas maquinaciones del embajador norteamericano, Henry Lane Wilson, los buques de guerra de su país: "Virginia" y "Georgia", se dirigen a puertos mexicanos.
1905 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos on the French Law of Separation.
1889 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; first Diet convenes in 1890.
1873 King Amadeus of Spain, 27, abdicates. First Spanish republic follows. Amadeus goes back to his native Italy.
1868 Léon Foucault discovers first physical proof of Earth's rotation.
1864 Skirmish at Lake City, Florida.
1861 President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield, Illinois, to Washington DC.
1861 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
1814 Norway's independence proclaimed.
1812 Massachusetts Gov. Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting law favoring his party and giving rise to the term "gerrymandering."
1811 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years.
1808 Anthracite coal first burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
1793 Prussian troops occupy Venlo Netherlands.
1790 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery.
1768 Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes.
1766 Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia.
1752 Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the US, opened.
1720 Sweden and Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm).
1575 King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe
1573 first European, Francis Drake sees the Pacific (from Panama)
1543 Charles V and Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant
1543 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat Moslem army
1531 Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of the Church in England
0731 Pope Saint Gregory II is buried.
2008 Thomas Peter “Tom” Lantos [01 Feb 1928–], secular Jew born in Hungary. He escaped twice from a forced labor camp in Szob, the second time successfully. He managed to reach Raoul Wallenberg [04 Aug 1912 – ¿16 Jul 1947?] who sheltered him and had him impersonate a Nazi sympathizer to take food to hidden Jews. Lantos came to the US in August 1947. He was a Democratic member of the US House of Representatives (from California) from 05 January 1981 until his death. —(080211)
2008 Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado [1967–]; another rebel; and a guard of President Jose Manuel Ramos-Horta [26 Dec 1949~] of East Timor, who is critically wounded in a 07:00 (22:00 UT on 10 Feb) attack on his home by two carloads of rebels. The same morning, an attack on Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao and his motorcade fails. —(080211)
2006 Peter Benchley, 65, US author whose most famous book is the novel Jaws. —(060308)
2005 James R. Porter, born on 02 January 1935, of cancer while be held prisoner pending a hearing to determine if he should be committed as a sexually dangerous person after completing in 2004 the prison sentence he received after pleading guilty in 1993 to molesting 28 children (those within the statute of limitations). He had molested children before being ordained a priest, while he was a priest of the Catholic diocese of Fall River, Massachusetts, and after he was laicized at his request in 1974 and married (in the Church) in 1976.
2005 (Friday) 13 persons, by a pickup truck bomb loaded with vegetables and parked in front of a Shiite mosque in Balad Ruz, Iraq, which explodes as worshipers are leaving the mosque and Iraqi collaborationist troops come near the truck. Some 40 persons are wounded.
2005 Eleven persons inside a bakery in the mostly Shiite neighborhood New Baghdad of Baghdad, Iraq, shot by attackers who enter and fire on the bakery workers after blocking the street in front of the shop with several cars.
2004: At least 48 persons, including suicide car bomber, in Baghdad, Iraq, at 07:25, among volunteers outside a recruitment center waiting to apply to the Iraqi army being organized by the US occupiers. 54 persons are wounded.
2004 Three Palestinians (one militant and two innocent bystanders) in Israeli attack in the Rafah area along the Gaza-Egypt border, for the stated purpose of searching for arms-smuggling tunnels. There are no Israeli casualties.
2004 Mohammed Hilles, 18; Hani Abu Skhaila; and ten other Palestinians, in the Shajaiyeh neighborhood of Gaza City, in Israeli attack with tanks which started before dawn and continue until early afternoon. The dead are ten Palestinian resistance fighters and two innocent bystanders. Shkaila was a senior Hamas activist. Mohammed Hilles was the son of Ahmed Hilles, the top leader of Fatah in Gaza. More than 40 persons are wounded. There are no Israeli casualties.
2003 Captain Shahar Shmul, 24 [< photo], commander of a company of the Israeli armored corps, shot in Bethlehem, West Bank. Shmul's patrol had been chasing a stolen Israeli car. Near the Church of the Nativity, the driver fled on foot, leaving the engine running. Fearing that the vehicle had been booby-trapped, Shmul summoned a sapper unit. He also stationed three jeeps at the entrances to the square to prevent Palestinians from entering, so that no one would be injured if the car blew up. A few Palestinian youths threw stones at the soldiers. At about 21:00, a Palestinian ran out of one of the alleys north of the square and fired three rifle bullets from a distance of about 30 meters. Two of the bullets hit the armored jeep that Shmul was standing next to, the third hit him in the neck, severing a major blood vessel. He died almost instantly.
2001 Tzahi Sasson, 35, Israeli shot in the head by Palestinians at 19:30 on the bridge joining the two tunnels on the Tunnel Road just south of Jerusalem. He lost control of his car and overturned. Magen David Adom paramedics treated Sasson under fire and rushed him to Hadassah Ein Karem hospital, where he died on the operating table. Sasson was a resident of Kibbutz Rosh Tzurim in Gush Etzion.
2000 Leo, 10, bichon frisé dog, thrown into traffic after being snatched from the lap of its owner, Sara McBurnett, by the driver of another car who just had a minor collision with her near the San José, California, airport. Public indignation raises some $115'000 in reward money and leads to the identification of the perpetrator, Andrew Burnett, 26, who would be jailed from 04 January 2001 on charges connected to the disappearance of one of his employer Pacific Bell's vans, that was filled with $68'000 worth of equipment. On 13 July 2001, Burnett would be sentenced to the maximum penalty in California for cruelty to animals: 3 years in prison. [picture: a bichon frisé >]
[Burnett deserved that and more. But what did the mass murderers of My Lai deserve, who never served that much in prison, for the mass murder of defenseless Vietnamese old men, women, and children, including babies? What did killer cops deserve, who were acquitted claiming that they perceived their unarmed victim as a threat?] "It wasn't just a dog to me," Sara McBurnett sobbed during the trial. "For me it was my child. He killed my baby right in front of me." [Societies for the protection of children were founded long after societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals.]
1996 Kebby Musokotwane, prime minister of Zambia (1985-1989)
1977 Louis J M Beel, 74, Dutch premier (1946-48, 58-59)
1974 Smirnov, mathematician.
1949 Christian Bérard, French artist born on 20 August 1902.
1948 Sergey Mikhailovich Eisenstein, 50, Russian film director and theorist, born on 23 January 1898, whose work includes the three film classics Potemkin (1925), Alexander Nevsky (1938), and Ivan the Terrible (released in two parts, 1944 and 1958). In his concept of film montage, images, perhaps independent of the "main" action, are presented for maximum psychological impact.
1944 U-424 sunk off Ireland.
Day 72 of Winter War: USSR aggression against Finland.
More deaths due to Stalin's desire to grab Finnish territory.
50'000 Russians attack in Summa
Karelian Isthmus: the day begins foggy, but brightens up during the course of the morning. The temperature remains at around 20 below zero throughout the day.
Central Isthmus: at 8.40 in the morning, the Soviet artillery begins drumfire across the entire breadth of the 3rd Division's defensive position in Summa, continuing the bombardment for four hours. A little before midday the enemy infantry begins its assault with massive air and tank support. The Russians throw 50000 troops into the attack. The defending Finns disable 72 enemy tanks [one of them in photo]. The 'Fort Poppius' fortress is lost to the enemy at 1 o'clock in the afternoon. Some of its defenders begin to panic, and by evening a Russian division has penetrated to the support line in the Lähde sector. The Finnish counterattack runs out of steam before midnight. In all other parts of Summa the enemy assault is successfully repulsed. By midnight Finnish reserves have restored the lines. The three Finnish divisions in the main defensive position successfully repulse attempted breakthroughs by at least six Soviet divisions.
Eastern Isthmus: during the course of the day between 40'000 and 50'000 mortar rounds of varying types rain down on the front line and reserve positions in Taipale. In Kirvesmäki every single soldier in stronghold no.1 is either killed or wounded.
Northern Finland: at Löytövaara in Kuhmo, Battalion Arponen launches an assault with shock troops at 7 o'clock in the morning. A volunteer detachment of shock troops crawls through deep snow to take the enemy dugouts by surprise. The ploy is a success, and the shock troops begin to systematically take out the Russian defences with piled-up charges, petrol bombs and machine pistols. By evening the area is in Finnish hands, with only a few of the enemy managing to escape across Lake Löytöjärvi to Riihivaara.
Karelian Isthmus: Reserve Lieutenant Gunnar Höckert is killed on the Isthmus. Höckert won the gold medal in the men's 5,000 metres at the 1936 Berlin Olympics and ran three world record times during the course of his athletic career.
Abroad: teams representing Sweden and Finland play an international bandy match in biting temperatures of 15 below zero in the Olympic Stadium in Stockholm. The proceeds are to be donated to the Finnish war effort. Listeners to Swedish radio can also contribute to the collection. Before the match begins the actress Ella Eronen recites the words of the Finnish national anthem in Finnish and Swedish. The game ends in a Swedish victory by 2 goals to 1. The official proceeds from the match are 475'000 krona.
The Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra has sent $1200 dollars to the great Finnish composer Jean Sibelius, and Sibelius has decided the money should be used to help the needy families of fallen reservists.
^ 50'000 venäläissotilasta hyökkää Summassa Talvisodan 74. päivä, 11.helmikuuta.1940
Sää on Karjalan kannaksella aamulla usvainen, mutta kirkastuu aamupäivän kuluessa. Pakkasta on koko päivän noin 20 astetta.
Summassa neuvostotykistö aloittaa klo 8.40 rumputulen koko 3. Divisioonan puolustusaseman leveydeltä ja jatkaa sitä neljä tuntia. Vihollisen jalkaväen hyökkäys, jota tukevat vahvat panssari- ja ilmavoimat, alkaa vähän ennen puoltapäivää. 50'000 venäläissotilasta hyökkää Summassa. Suomalaiset tuhoavat 72 vihollisen hyökkäysvaunua. Poppiuksen linnake menetetään klo 13 kun osa sen puolustajista joutuu pakokauhun valtaan ja venäläisdivisioona tunkeutuu Lähteen lohkolla iltaan mennessä tukilinjalle. Suomalaisten vastahyökkäys tyrehtyy ennen puolta yötä. Kaikkialla muualla Summassa vihollisen hyökkäykset torjutaan. Suomalaiset reservijoukot palauttavat linjat takaisin puoleen yöhön mennessä. Pääaseman kolme suomalais-divisioonaa torjuu ainakin kuuden neuvosto-divisioonan läpimurto-yritykset.
Taipaleen alueelle tulee päivän aikana noin 40'000 — 50'000 erilaista kranaattia etulinjaan ja reservin sijoituspaikoille. Kirvesmäessä kaatuu tai haavoittuu 1. tukikohdan miehistö kokonaan. Pataljoona Arponen aloittaa aamulla klo 7 hyökkäyksen Kuhmon Löytövaarassa tuli-iskuin. Vapaaehtoisista koottu iskuosasto ryömii syvässä lumessa vihollisenkorsujen luo. Yllätys onnistuu, ja puolustuskeskusta aletaan järjestelmällisesti puhdistaa kasapanoksin, polttopulloin ja konepistoolein. Iltaan mennessä alue on suomalaisten hallussa, vain pieni osa vihollisista pääsee pakenemaan Löytöjärven yli Riihivaaraan.
Berliinissä vuonna 1936 pidettyjen olympialaisten 5000 metrin juoksun olympiavoittaja ja kolme maailmanennätystä juossut reservin vänrikki Gunnar Höckert saa surmansa Karjalan kannaksella.
Ulkomailta: Tukholman Olympiastadionilla käydään kirpeässä 15 asteen pakkasessa Suomen ja Ruotsin välinen jääpallomaaottelu, jonka tuotto luovutetaan Suomen apuun. Myös Ruotsin radion kuuntelijoille on annettu mahdollisuus osallistua keräykseen. Ennen maaottelua näyttelijä Ella Eronen lausuu Johan Ludvig Runebergin Maamme-laulun suomeksi ja ruotsiksi. Ruotsi voittaa ottelun 2 -1. Ottelun virallinen tuotto on 475'000 kruunua.
Indianapoliksen sinfoniaorkesteri on lähettänyt professori Jean Sibeliukselle 1200 dollaria. Sibelius on määrännyt rahasumman käytettäväksi kaatuneiden reserviläisten vähävaraisten perheiden avustamiseen.-
^50'000 ryska soldater anfaller i Summa Vinterkrigets 74 dag, den 11 februari 1940
På morgonen vilar en dimma över Karelska näset, men vädret blir klarare under förmiddagen. Temperaturen ligger hela dagen kring -20 grader.
I Summa inleder det ryska artilleriet trumeld kl. 8.40 längs hela den 3. Divisionens försvarsställningar och håller på i fyra timmar. Kort före middagstid går fiendens infanteri till attack med starkt stöd av pansarvagnar och flygplan. 50'000 ryska soldater anfaller i Summa. De finska trupperna förintar 72 av fiendens stridsvagnar. Poppiusbunkern går förlorad kl. 13 när en del av dess försvarare grips av panik och en rysk division tränger mot kvällen ända fram till stödlinjen i Lähdeavsnittet. Finlands motattack rinner ut i sanden före midnatt. På alla övriga håll i Summa lyckas man avvärja fiendens attacker. De finska reservtrupperna återställer linjerna vid midnatt. Huvudställningarnas tre divisioner avvärjer åtminstone sex ryska divisioners försök till genombrott.
På området kring Taipale skjuts ungefär 40'000 50'000 olika granater mot de främre ställningarna och reservens placeringsorter. Vid Kirvesmäki stupar eller såras den första basens besättning i sin helhet. Bataljon Arponen inleder på morgonen kl. 7 ett anfall vid Löytövaara i Kuhmo med eldstötar. En stormtrupp bestående av frivilliga kryper i den djupa snön fram till fiendens bunkrar. Överraskningen lyckas och man börjar systematiskt rensa försvarsfästet med hjälp av buntladdningar, bensinbomber och maskinpistoler. När det blir kväll har finnarna området i besittning, endast en liten del av fiendens styrkor lyckas fly över sjön Löytöjärvi till Riihivaara.
Fänrik i reserven Gunnar Höckert, som vann guld i 5000 meter löpning vid de olympiska spelen i Berlin 1936 och som sprungit tre världsrekord, omkommer på Karelska näset.
Utrikes: En bandymatch mellan Finland och Sverige spelas på Olympiastadion i Stockholm i 15 graders bitande köld. Matchintäkterna går till Finlandshjälpen. Också Sveriges radios lyssnare har fått möjlighet att delta i insamlingen. Före landskampen reciterar skådespelerskan Ella Eronen Johan Ludvig Runebergs hymn Vårt land på finska och svenska. Sverige vinner matchen 2 -1. Matchens bringar officiellt in 475'000 kronor.
Indianapolis symfoniorkester har sänt $1200 åt professor Jean Sibelius. Sibelius har beslutat att pengarna ska användas för att hjälpa mindre bemedlade familjer till stupade reservister.
1921 William Blake Richmond [self~portrait >], English painter born in 1842 (or 1843?). MORE ON RICHMOND AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1901 Milan I, 56, king of Serbia
1899 George Morgan, first English motorist to die in an automobile accident.
1894. José Tomás de Cuellar ("Facundo"), muere ciego en la ciudad de México, donde naciera, el 18 de septiembre de 1830, periodista, novelista, dramaturgo y diplomático.
1879 Honoré de Daumier, French illustrator born on 20 February 1808. MORE ON DAUMIER AT ART 4 FEBRUARY 20 with links to images.
1867 Francisco Cortez, fusilado en Tizimín, Yucatán. Era un patriota quien se había levantado en armas con un considerable número de seguidores para combatir a los imperialistas de Maximiliano.
1860 Don Manuel Eulogio Carpio Hernández, en la ciudad de México. Nació el 01 marzo de 1791 en Cosamaloapan, Veracruz. Don Manuel se distinguió como poeta, político, periodista y connotado médico dedicado a la cátedra. Formó parte del grupo que fundó la Academia de Medicina, de la que fue su primer presidente.
1832 Jean-Antoine Laurent, French artist born on 31 October 1763. — more
1848 Thomas Cole, English painter born on 01 February 1801. MORE ON COLE AT ART 4 FEBRUARY 01 with links to images.
1830 Giovanni-Battista Lampi I, Italian artist born on 31 December 1751. MORE ON LAMPI AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1688 Cesare Gennari, Italian artist born on 12 October 1637.
1554 Lady Jane Grey, deposed Queen of England, beheaded after 9 day rule
1543 Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, dies in battle
0867 Theodora the Saint, beauty queen/empress of Byzantine.
0824 St Paschal I, Pope
0821 Benedict of Aniane, 73, saint
0731 Saint Gregory II, Greek-Syrian born in 669, elected Pope on 19 May 715. He had served as subdeacon and treasurer of the church. As pope, he greatly encouraged the Christianizing of Germany by Saint Boniface and Saint Corbinian, whom he consecrated bishops in 722. Though a staunch adherent of the Eastern Roman Empire, he vigorously and successfully opposed the Byzantine emperor Leo III the Isaurian [678 – 18 Jun 741], who ordered all holy images to be destroyed, launching the Iconoclastic Controversy. Gregory condemned Leo's act, resulting in Leo plotting against his life. Supported by the Romans and the Lombards, Gregory fought Iconoclasm until his death, but as the 8th century advanced, the split between Rome and Constantinople worsened.
0641 Heraclius, 65, emperor of Byzantium (610-641)
1945 First gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey CA
1929 State of Vatican City (world's smallest country: 0.44 sq.km) is recognized by the Lateran Treaty
1926 Paul Bocuse, France, great chef (Legion of Honor)
1915 Hamming, mathematician.
1916 Sidney Sheldon, author.
1909 Gustave Singier, French painter and stage designer of Belgian birth, who died on 10 May 1984. — more with link to images.
1909 Claude Chevalley, mathematician.
1897 Post, mathematician.
1891 Privalov, mathematician.
1881 Carlo Dalmazzo Carrà, Italian Futurist painter who died on 13 April 1966. MORE ON CARRÀ AT ART 4 FEBRUARY (in italiano) with links to images.
1876 Harold Gilman, British painter who died on 12 February 1919. MORE ON GILMAN AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1872 Christian J. Walter, US artist who died in 1938.
1862 Macaulay, mathematician.
1855 Erik Theodor Werenskiold, Norwegian artist who died on 23 November 1938. — more with link to images.
1839 Gibbs, mathematician.
1813 Otto Ludwig, German novelist, playwright, critic, who died on 25 February 1865.
1812 Alexander Hamilton Stephens Vice President (Confederacy), died in 1883
1805 Jean-Baptiste Charbonneau, son of Boinaiv Sacagawea Charbonneau and Toussaint Charbonneau. Carried on the back of his mom, the newborn would be the youngest member of the Lewis and Clark expedition.
1800 Talbot, mathematician.
1791 Francesco Hayez, Italian historical painter and printmaker who died on 12 December 1882. MORE ON HAYEZ AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1746 Luis Paret y Alcazar, Spanish artist who died on 14 February 1799.
1721 Friedrich Wilhelm Hirt, German artist who died on 19 January 1772.
1699 François Mahé de la Bourdonnais, à Saint-Malo, navigateur et explorateur.
1657 Bernard Le Bovier (or Bouyer), sieur de Fontenelle French mathematician, scientist, and man of letters who died on 09 January 1757. He was described by Voltaire as the most universal mind of the era of Louis XIV. His works set forth in embryonic form many of the characteristics ideas of the Enlightenment. His most famous book is Entretiens sur la pluralité des mondes (1686; 213kb _ at another site, 234kb), entertaining dialogues backing the Copernican system on the basis of the Cartesian theory of vortices which would be refuted by Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687) of Isaac Newton [04 Jan 1643 = 25 Dec 1642 Julian – 31 Mar 1727 = 20 Mar 1727 Julian]. — Portrait du Philosophe Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle (1400x1120pix, 163kb) par Rigaud [bap. 18 Jul 1659 – 29 Dec 1743].
1637 Jakob van Oost, Flemish artist who died on 29 September 1713.
1535 Gregory XIV [Niccolò Spondrati], pope (1590-1591)
Teacher to student:
Arnold what is the most frequent answer to the teacher's questions?
I don't know, ma'am.