<< Feb 04| HISTORY “4” “2”DAY |Feb 06 >>
Events, deaths, births, of FEB 05 v.8.70
[For Feb 05 Julian go to Gregorian date: 1583~1699: Feb 15 1700s: Feb 16 1800s: Feb 17 1900~2099: Feb 18]
a February 05:
2003 World chess champion Garry Kimovich Kasparov [13 April 1963-], with White, draws against computer program Deep Junior in the fifth game of a match which will end in a draw with its 6th game on 07 February 2003 (26 Jan Game 1 — 28 Jan Game 2 — 30 Jan Game 3 — 02 Feb Game 4). The match score remains tied: Kasparov 2.5, Deep Junior 2.5. The game:
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e3 0~0 5. Bd3 d5 6. cxd5 exd5 7. Nge2 Re8 8. 0~0 Bd6 9. a3 c6 10. Qc2 Bxh2+ 11. Kxh2+ Ng4+ 12. Kg3 Qg5 13. f4 Qh5 14. Bd2 Qh2+ 15. Kf3 Qh4 16. Bxh7+ [opting for a safe draw rather than risking g3] Kh8 17. Ng3 Nh2+ 18. Kf2 Ng4+ 19. Kg3 Nh2+ Draw by forced repetition of position
2003 Unanimously the 15 judges of the International Court of Justice rule [PDF] that “The United States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that” Cesar Fierro, Roberto Ramos, and Osvaldo Torres Aguilera, “are not executed pending final judgment in these proceedings”, which are to determine whether the three Mexicans, and 48 other Mexicans on death row in the US, were given access to legal help from the Mexican government, as provided for by international law.
2000 Right-wing leader Joerg Haider told a deeply divided Austria not to worry about international sanctions, saying the new governing coalition that included his Freedom Party would soon prove its democratic credentials to the world.
2000 Demonstration for Chechnya in Moscow. The sign reads: Svobodu Chechnye! (Freedom for Chechnya!) [< photo]
1999 Ecuador vive una jornada de protestas generalizadas contra el régimen del presidente Jamil Mahuad.
^1999 Clinton impeachment trial: preparing for tomorrow.
(1) President Bill Clinton's lawyers and the House prosecution team are making their final preparations for Feb. 6th's battle of the sound bites, when both sides will use excerpts from the videotaped witness depositions to make their summations of the evidence.
(2) The Secret Service expresses concerns to People magazine that a cover story on Chelsea Clinton could complicate security for the president's daughter. Two sources confirm that a Secret Service official contacted the magazine after being alerted by the first lady's office that a story was in the pipeline. The sources insist the Secret Service acted on its own and was not pressured by the Clintons. They decline to provide details but describe the conversation as, in the words of one, "short and informal."
1997 Investment bank, Morgan Stanley, announces a $10 billion merger with Dean Witter.
1997 3 Swiss banks create $70 million Holocaust fund.
1996 Bank of America announces that it will open a branch on America Online, allowing customers to bank on the Internet. Online banking and financial applications would become extremely successful in attracting customers.
1996 General Motors launches site On this day in 1996, General Motors launched a Web site with more than 16,000 pages and 98,000 links. GM's site would become one of the largest on the Web and eventually offered online car shopping.
1996 John C. Salvi III went on trial in Dedham, Mass., in the shooting deaths of two receptionists at abortion clinics. (Salvi was convicted and sentenced to two life terms. He was found dead in his cell in November 1996, an apparent suicide.)
1992 Jury selection begins in the Los Angeles cops beating Rodney King case
1991 A Michigan court bars Dr Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.
1990 Manuel Fraga Iribarne jura su cargo como nuevo presidente de la Xunta de Galicia.
1988 El Tribunal Supremo soviético reivindica la memoria de Nikolai Bujarin y Alexei Rykov, ejecutados por orden de Josif Stalin en 1938.
Panamanian dictator indicted on US drug charges.
Two federal grand juries in Florida announce indictments of Panama military strongman General Manuel Antonio Noriega and 16 associates on drug smuggling and money laundering charges. Noriega, the de facto dictator of Panama since 1983, was charged with smuggling marijuana into the United States, laundering millions of US dollars, and assisting Colombia's Medellin drug cartel in trafficking cocaine to America. The Panamanian leader denied the charges and threatened expulsion of the 10,000 US service personnel and their families stationed around the Panama Canal. In 1968, Noriega, then a first lieutenant in the Panamanian National Guard, played an important part in a coup that ousted President Arnulfo Arias and brought General Omar Torrijos to power. Early the next year, Torrijos rewarded Noriega for his loyalty by promoting him to lieutenant colonel and appointing him chief of military intelligence. In 1970, Noriega, who had first been approached by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) while a promising military student in the early 1960s, went on the payroll of the CIA. The United States used Noriega as a check against the left-leaning Torrijos and as an informer on Central American revolutionaries, the Colombian drug cartels, and communist Cuba, which Torrijos, though not a Marxist himself, admired and visited. Noriega, meanwhile, developed his G-2 intelligence agency into a feared secret police force and became involved in the drug trade. The US government was aware of his drug trafficking, and in 1977 he was removed from the CIA payroll.
However, in 1981, the United States organized and financed the anti-Sandinista Contras in Nicaragua, and Noriega was brought back into the CIA fold. For a salary of close to $200'000 a year, Noriega provided intelligence about the Sandinistas and Cubans to the Americans and aided the Contras in their drug-trafficking efforts. In July 1981, Omar Torrijos was killed in a plane crash, and Colonel Noriega became chief of staff to General Rubén Darío Paredes, head of the National Guard. For two years, military and civilian leader struggled to gain the upper hand. In 1983, Paredes resigned and control of the military and the country passed to Noriega. Noriega unified the armed forces into the Panamanian Defense Forces (PDF), promoted himself to the rank of general, and consolidated his rule. Under his regime, political repression and corruption became widespread. In 1984, he held a presidential election, but when Arnulfo Arias won another apparent victory, Noriega tampered with the returns and gave the election to Nicolás Ardito Barletta, who became a puppet president. Still, Noriega enjoyed the continued support of the Reagan administration, which valued his aid in its efforts to overthrow Nicaragua's Sandinista government.
In 1986, just months before the outbreak of the Iran-Contra affair, allegations arose concerning Noriega's history as a drug trafficker, money launderer, and CIA employee. Most shocking, however, were reports that Noriega had acted as a double agent for Cuba's intelligence agency and the Sandinistas. The US government disowned Noriega, and his supporters staged protests against the American presence in Panama. Meanwhile, the dictator cracked down on growing political opposition in Panama. In February 1988, Noriega was indicted by federal grand juries in Tampa and Miami, and Panamanian President Eric Arturo Delvalle attempted to dismiss Noriega. Delvalle was himself dismissed by the Noriega-led National Assembly. In March 1988, the United States froze all Panamanian assets in US banks and imposed sanctions, and the same month an attempted coup by a handful of anti-Noriega PDF officers was crushed by loyal PDF soldiers. During the next year, tensions between Americans and Noriega supporters in Panama continued to grow, and the United States increased its economic sanctions. In May 1989, Noriega annulled a presidential election that would have made Guillermo Endara president, and demonstrators protesting the fraud were attacked by the Noriega-subsidized Dignity Battalions. In response, US President George Bush ordered additional US troops to the Panama Canal Zone and urged US civilians to return to the United States. In October, another coup attempt by anti-Noriega PDF soldiers failed, and on December 15 the Noriega-led assembly declared the dictator the official chief executive while recognizing that a state of war existed with the United States.
The next day, an off-duty US Marine officer was shot to death at a PDF roadblock. US forces in Panama were put on high alert, and on December 17 President Bush authorized Operation Just Cause the US invasion of Panama to overthrow Noriega. On December 20, 9,000 US troops joined the 12,000 US military personnel already in Panama and were met with scattered resistance from the PDF. By December 24, the PDF was crushed, the United States held most of the country, and Noriega sought asylum with the Vatican nuncio in Panama City. Meanwhile, Endara had been made president by US forces, and he ordered the PDF dissolved. On January 3, Noriega surrendered and was taken to Howard Air Force Base, where he was arrested by US Drug Enforcement Agency officials for his grand jury indictments. On January 4, he arrived in Florida to await his trial. The US invasion of Panama cost the lives of only 23 US soldiers and three US civilians. Some 150 PDF soldiers were killed along with an estimated 500 Panamanian civilians. The Organization of American States and the European Parliament both formally protested the invasion, which they condemned as a flagrant violation of international law. Noriega's criminal trial began in 1991, and he pleaded innocent. On April 9, 1992, he was found guilty on eight counts of drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering, marking the first time in history that a US jury had convicted a foreign leader of criminal charges. He was sentenced to 40 years in federal prison.
General Manuel Antonio Noriega, the de facto dictator of Panama, is indicted by a federal grand jury in Miami, Florida, on drug trafficking charges. The American court charges him with assisting various drug cartels in their trafficking of illegal drugs to the United by offering them the use of airstrips in exchange for millions of dollars in payment. During the 1960s, Noriega, a rising figure in the Panamanian military, was recruited by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to assist in the American struggle against the spread of communism in Central America. During the 1970s, General Noriega became involved in drug trafficking and the US government distanced itself from the general. However, in 1981, Omar Torrijos, the dictatorial president of Panama, was killed in a plane crash and Noriega became the effective ruler of Panama. As Panamanian dictator, Noriega supported American initiatives in the Panama Canal Zone and Central America, and in turn was praised by White House officials, although a special Senate committee concluded in 1983 that Panama was a major center for drug trafficking and the laundering of drug funds. In 1984, Noriega employed violence and fraud to force the election of Nicolas Ardito Barletta as president, defeating the popular candidate Arnulfo Arias, who opposed the domination of Noriega and the US government in Panama. In the late 1980s, the spread of communism became less of a threat in Central America, and Noriega began to fall out of favor with US government. In February of 1988, Noriega was indicted on drug trafficking charges, and in May of 1989, he defrauded another presidential election, defeating Guillermo Endara, a candidate from the business opposition. Endara, more likely than Noriega to respect American economics interests, immediately replaced Noriega as the Panamanian leader favored by the US government. Noriega’s long history of drug trafficking and human rights abuse were made public and economic sanctions were imposed against Panama. On December 20, 1989, US President George Bush ordered an invasion of Panama and Noriega’s Panamanian Defense Forces were promptly crushed. The dictator himself sought asylum in the Vatican annunciate in Panama City, but after ten days he surrendered and was extradited to the US to stand trial on drug trafficking charges and Guillermo Endara was declared Panamanian president. In 1992, Noriega was found guilty and sentenced to forty years in a federal prison.
| 1987 Dow Jones average closes at 2201.49, above 2200
for first time.
1985 El gobernador civil de Cádiz abre la verja de Gibraltar para el tránsito de personas, vehículos y mercancías, en aplicación del acuerdo firmado por España y Reino Unido en noviembre de 1984.
1983 Former Nazi Gestapo official Klaus Barbie, "the butcher of Lyon," after long negotiations, is extradited to France by the Bolivian government.
1982 Suriname President Chin A Sen resigns and flees to Netherlands
1981 A military jury in North Carolina convicted Pfc. Robert Garwood of collaborating with the enemy while a prisoner of war in Vietnam.
1980 Egyptian parliament votes to end boycott of Israel.
1980 El físico alemán Klaus von Klitzing descubre, en Grenoble, el llamado Efecto Hall.
1979 Regresa a Teherán el estadista y jefe de la comunidad chiíta iraní Ruhollah Jomeini.
1978 Rodrigo Carazo Odio, candidato de una coalición derechista, vence en las elecciones presidenciales de Costa Rica.
1974 Maximum speed on Autobahn reduced to 100 kph
1973 Comic strip "Hagar The Horrible" debuts
1973 Funeral for LC William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam War
1972 US airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers and baggage.
1971 Los astronautas estadounidenses Alan Bartlett Shepard y Edgar D. Mitchell se posan en la Luna con el módulo Antares y recorren andando el cráter Fra Mauro.
1969 US population reaches 200 million.
1969 Se aplica un nuevo sistema protector de las pinturas de la Cueva de Altamira, que estaban degradándose a causa de la luz artificial.
1965 En Estados Unidos es liberado Martín Luther King, cuatro días después de su arresto en Selma (Alabama) junto con quinientos manifestantes antisegregacionistas.
1964 Fidel Castro Ruz corta el suministro de agua potable de la base de Guantánamo; la víspera, cuatro barcos de pesca cubanos habían sido apresados por Estados Unidos.
1963 Maarten Schmidt discovers enormous red shifts in quasars.
1962 French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria's independence.
Gamel Abdel Nasser nominated to become the first President of
the new United Arab Republic.
1955 Cae el Gobierno francés de Pierre Mendès-France debido a la situación en el norte de África.
1953 It is announced that 117'500'000 short tons of steel have been produced in the US in 1952.
1949 US President Harry Truman [portrait >] uses his State of the Union address to recommend measures including national health insurance, raising the minimum wage, strengthening the position of organized labor, and guarantying the civil rights of all Americans. Referencing the popular "New Deal" programs of his predecessor, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Truman calls his reform package the "Fair Deal."
1947 Bolewet Beirut becomes President of Poland. El Parlamento polaco elige presidente de la República a Boleslaw Bierut que, hasta entonces, había desempeñado el cargo de forma provisional.
1945 US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla.
1945 British premier Churchill arrives in Yalta, Crimea
1945 Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69.6 k/h (440 yards / 20.8 seconds)
1944 358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin.
1931 El británico Malcolm Campbell establece en la ciudad estadounidense de Daytona un nuevo récord de velocidad en automóvil, con un promedio de 396,038 km/h.
1931 Se concede el Premio Nacional Español de Literatura a Mauricio Bacarisse.
1923 Mass arrests of socialists and communists in Italy El Gobierno de Benito Mussolini ordena la detención de centenares de militantes socialistas.
1919 Se inicia la famosa huelga de la Canadiense en Barcelona, que acabaría causando la declaración del estado de guerra.
1918 Separation of church and state begins in USSR
1918 first US pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W Thompson
1917 Congress overrides Wilson's veto, curtailing Asian immigration
1917 Mexico's constitution is adopted.
| 1904 American occupation of Cuba ends.
1904 Japón rompe las relaciones diplomáticas con Rusia.
1900 British troops under General Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal.
1900 The US and Britain sign the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, which gave the US the right to build a canal in Nicaragua, but not the right fortify it.
1897 Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel.
1885 News of fall of Khartoum reaches London.
1876 El capitán general José Malcampo Monge sale con la flota de Manila (Filipinas) hacia la isla de Joló, para acabar con su independencia y con su foco de piratería.
1875 Encyclical Quod Nunquam, in which Pius IX [13 May 1792 – 07 Feb 1878] condemns the Kulturkampf of Bismarck .
1870 first motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia.
1865 Battle of Hatcher's Run, VA (Armstrong's Mill, Dabney's Mill) 1865 Battle of Hatcher's Run (Armstrong's Mill), Virginia begins.
1864 Federals occupy Jackson MS.
1864 Dinamarca se rinde en la guerra contra Prusia y Austria.
1861 Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress.
1855 British government of Palmerston forms.
1817 En France, La loi Laîné réforme les dispositions électorales en faveur d'une bourgeoisie urbaine. Pour être électeurs, il faut être hommes de trente ans minimum et payent 300 francs d'impôts et les hommes plus de quarante ans qui payent 1000 francs d'impôts.
1810 Napoléon rétablit la censure en France et déclare : "Le droit d'imprimer n'est pas du nombre des droits naturels." Il crée les prisons d'Etat pour, selon ses propres mots, "les personnes détenues sans qu'il soit convenable ni de les faire traduire devant les tribunaux ni de les mettre en liberté".
1795 Zealand Netherlands surrenders to French General Michaud.
1783 Sweden recognizes US independence.
1782 Spanish take Minorca (western Mediterranean) from the English.
1778 Articles of Confederation ratified by first state, South Carolina.
1777 Georgia becomes first US state to abolish both entail and primogeniture.
1649 Prince of Wales becomes king Charles II.
1576 Henry of Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours.
1572 Beggars assault Oisterwijk Netherlands, drive nuns out.
1556 Kings Henri I and Philip II sign peace Treaty of Vaucelles.
1518 El marino Sebastián Caboto es nombrado piloto mayor de la Casa de Contratación de Sevilla, después de haber servido a la Corona inglesa. [Il devait faire plus que du cabotage]
1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix rescues Bologna.
1488 Roman catholic German emperor Maximilian I caught in Belgium.
1428 King Alfonso V, orders Sicily's Jews to attend conversion sermons.
0816 Frankish emperor Louis grants archbishop Salzburg immunity
2006 Joy Kar, manager of the Dunkin' Donuts at 110 W. 145th Street just west of Lenox Avenue in Harlem, New York City, shot at 13:00 (18:00 UT) by a would-be robber to whom he refused to open the cash register. — (060207)
2006 Wilfred Elize, 31, accidentally burned, in the Bronk, New York City, while attempting an insurance scam by setting on fire his Nissan Maxima, whose lease was about to expire. — (060207)
2006 Douglas Blandon, 23, of 239 Marion Street in Brooklyn, shot at 06:00 (11:00 UT) while driving his car, which crashes into three parked cars at 675 MacDonough Street in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City. — (060207)
2006 Israel Ramirez, 29, by a single shot to the chest at 01:26 (06:26 UT), outside a New York City warehouse, used for a rap video recording session, where he was a bodyguard of producer “Busta Rhymes” (real name: Trevor Smith), [20 May 1972~]. — (060207)
2006 Andrea Santoro, Italian Catholic priest, who after celebrating Mass is praying in his parish church of Saint Mary Kilisesi, in Trebizond, Turkey, is shot twice by Oguzhan Akdin, 16, a high-school dropout. Andrea Santoro was born in Priverno, in the Latium region near Rome, on 07 September 1945, and was ordained priest of the diocese of Rome on 18 October 1970. After working in numerous parishes, including as parish priest in churches of Rome, in 2000 he left as a Fidei Donum missionary. In 2003 he founded the association Window to the Middle East, dedicated to study, prayer, and dialogue between the West and the Mideast. Father Santoro received death threats from mafias for his work to help women from Eastern Europe escape from the prostitution trade, but it is suspected that the murderer was motivated by the violence currently fomented against non-Muslims by fanatic Muslims, who object to the belief that Muslims are violent fanatics, exemplified, so they claim, by some 30 September 2005 caricatures in the Danish newspaper JyllandsPosten. On 10 October 200 Akdin would be sentenced to 18 years and ten months in prison. —(071007)
2004 Four opponents of President Aristide, in gunbattles with police in Les Gonaïves, Haiti, where the Gonaïves Resistance Front “liberates the city” by setting fire to the mayor's home and to the police station, and free more than 100 prisoners from the jail. Some 20 persons are injured. The resignation of authoritatian Jean-Bertrand Aristide has been demanded in increasingly violent protests ever since the “victory” of Aristide's party in rigged 2000 legislative elections.
2004:: 37 persons in a stampede at a Lantern Festival celebration , at 19:45 (11:45 UT), in the mountainous Miyun District in far northeast Beijing, China. The stampede was started by a reveler falling down on a bridge.
2004 Some 150 persons drown after 02:00 collision of double-deck river ferries M.V. Sattar Khan and M.V. Asha Jawa, which together had some 800 persons on board, near village Kaisma in the Barisal district of Bangladesh.
2003 Israeli Staff Sergeant Idan Suzin, 21[< photo], from Kiryat Tivon, and 2nd Lieutenant Amir ben Aryeh, 21 [photo >], from Maccabim-Re'ut; and Nablus Palestinians Anan Hanani and Ahmed Hamed,
one of them of Fatah, and the other of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, who, at 23:30 fire on the “Discotheque” base of Israeli paratroopers, which had taken over the discotheque of the Grand Forest restaurant on Mount Gerizim just west of Nablus, West Bank, on the outskirts of the Shomronim neighborhood, which is home to Samaritans, an ancient biblical sect with about 650 members. The post protects the Jewish enclove settlement Bracha, 400 m away. Suzin is shot as he goes out front door. Ben-Aryed is shot in the head after he climbs on the roof with others, to try and locate the attackers. These are then killed. Two Israeli soldiers are wounded. The attack is in revenge for the killing of Zorba [next]
2003 Samar Zorba, 18, Palestinian, by Israeli gunfire in Nablus, at 19:30.
2003 Rada Ghanem, 22, Palestinian policeman shot at 03:15 by Israeli soldiers surrounding the building of the Palestinian special forces building in Qalqilyah, West Bank, as he tries to flee.
2003 Miguel Angel Gutierrez Bolaños “el Loco”, 44, murdered on the soccer field of the Mamatoco neigborhood of Santa Marta (Magdalena) Colombia, by six gunmen who go to the eastern neighborhood Villavetel of Santa Marta, where they murder three more persons and gravely wound two children, aged 8 and 10.
2003 Kamla Sha'id, 65, partly deaf, crushed as her home is blown up by Israeli army sappers, in the al-Maghazi refugee camp (or Mussawi neighborhood), in the center of Gaza City. She was the stepmother of Baha Sha'id, Palestinian militant killed during an attack which killed two Israelis soldiers of the Golani unit in the enclave settlement Kfar Darom, in November 2000. The al-Aqsa intifada's body count is now “at least” 1816 Palestinians and 700 Israelis according to Reuters.
2002 Chris Ferguson III, 37, and Kasim Dale, 24, shot by a teenager who believes that, shortly before, they have witnessed him shooting Torrance Lomax, 18 (who survives), in Winslow Township NJ. The teenager killed four persons the previous day and is arrested on 22 February 2002..
2002 Three Palestinian murderers, murdered by some 15 Palestinian gunmen, shortly after two of the three were sentenced to death and the third to 15 years hard laborby a Palestinian military court for killing on 01 February 2002 Osama Qmeil, a Palestinian security officer who had killed some collaborators with Israel during the late 1980s and early 1990s intifada. The gunmen enter the Jenin, West Bank, Chamber of Commerce, one dressed in a policeman's uniform and the others pretending to be plainclothes officers. The Chamber of Commerce was serving as courthouse, since all the Palestinian security installations in Jenin had been bombed in Israeli air strikes. The gunmen took custody of the prisoners on the pretext they were taking them back to their prison cells. Instead they took the three to a bathroom where they shot them dead before fleeing, At the time, real policemen were fending off hundreds of friends and relatives of Qmeil, who mistakenly believed that no death sentences had been imposed and were trying to storm the courthouse.
1991 Pedro Arrupe Gondra, eclesiástico español.
1971 Mátyás Rákosi, 78, Hungarian premier (1952-56)
1962 Jacques Ibert, 71, French composer (Escales)
1961 Anthony G de Rothschild, 73, British philanthropist.
1956 Savilly Tartakower, 74, Austrian/Polish/French chess player.
1943 Nazi General Seyffardt shot by Amsterdam resistance group CS-6.
1940 Eliseo Meifrén y Roig, pintor español.
1940 Day 68 of Winter War: USSR aggression against Finland.
More deaths due to Stalin's desire to grab Finnish territory.
Finnish bombers hit enemy at night
Stockholm: Finnish Foreign Minister Väinö Tanner confers with his Swedish counterpart, Christian Günther, before proceeding to Hella Wuolijoki's room in the Grand Hotel to hold a meeting at 11 a.m. with the Soviet Ambassador in Stockholm, Madame Alexandra Kollontai.
Tanner is told the Soviet Union cannot accept Finland's terms for opening talks, and Tanner then suggests one of the islands in the Gulf of Finland as an alternative site for a Soviet base instead of Hanko. Ambassador Kollontai promises to pass the proposal on to her government for consideration.
Karelian Isthmus: following a preliminary artillery bombardment, the enemy launches heavy assaults in the morning in the areas of Summa, Marjapellonmäki and Lake Hatjalahti with the support of over one hundred assault tanks. Despite overwhelming numerical superiority the attack becomes bogged down and ends in the destruction of 22 assault tanks. [one of them in photo]
Ladoga Karelia: the Finnish counterattack in the Pitkäranta area is unsuccessful.
Northern Finland: the enemy drops a number of parachutists, but the Finnish defences are able to locate where they land.
In the early hours of the morning Finnish aircraft bomb the enemy troops bivouaced around their campfires.
Ladoga Karelia: the Russians begin to take Karelians from the border villages in the municipality of Suojärvi over the border into Soviet Karelia. Over 1500 are transferred to two transit camps. Those moved are mainly from Suojärvi but a few are from border villages in the municipality of Salmi. Old people, women and children are trucked to forest labor centres almost 200 km away in Interposolka and Kaimaoja. A number of children die on the cold journey. Over 50 children and old people die in the camps due to a lack of proper food.
Northern Finland: a battalion of the enemy's Dolin ski brigade tries to get behind the Finnish troops at Haukkajärvi, but is pushed back across the border by Detachment Kekkonen.
Abroad: Supreme Allied Command in Paris decides to help Finland. An allied unit of at least two brigades in strength is to be sent to Finland in the middle of March.
The Finnish Red Cross receives a donation from the Belgian Red Cross.
The great Finnish runners Paavo Nurmi and Taisto Mäki travel to Washington, where they are received by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
^ Ilmavoimat pommittaa yöllä vihollisjoukkoja Talvisodan 68. päivä, 05.helmikuuta.1940
Ulkoministeri Tanner tapaa Tukholmassa ensin Ruotsin ulkoministerin Güntherin sekä sen jälkeen Grand-hotellissa Hella Wuolijoen huoneessa Neuvostoliiton Tukholman suurlähettilään rouva Aleksandra Kollontain klo 11.
Tanner kuulee Neuvostoliiton hylänneen Suomen esityksen neuvottelujen lähtökohdaksi ja Tanner ehdottaa yhtä Suomenlahden saarta Neuvostoliiton tukikohdaksi Hangon sijasta. Suurlähettiläs, rouva Aleksandra Kollontai lupaa tiedustella asiaa hallitukseltaan.
Aamulla vihollinen aloittaa Kannaksella tykistövalmistelun jälkeen voimakkaat hyökkäykset Summassa, Marjapellonmäessä ja Hatjalahdenjärvellä. Vihollisen hyökkäystä tukee toista sataa hyökkäysvaunua. Suomi torjuu hyökkäykset, vihollinen ei pysty ylivoimastaan huolimatta etenemään. 22 hyökkäysvaunua tuhotaan.
Pitkärannan alueella suomalaisten vastahyökkäys epäonnistuu.
Vihollinen pudottaa Pohjois-Suomeen muutamia laskuvarjohyppääjiä, joiden alastulopaikat tunnetaan.
Ilmavoimat pommittaa helmikuun 5. päivän vastaisena yönä nuotiotulille leiriytyneitä vihollisjoukkoja.
Venäläiset ryhtyvät kuljettamaan Suojärven rajakyliin jääneitä karjalaisia siirtoleireille Neuvosto-Karjalaan. Kahdelle siirtoleirille siirretään yli 1500 ihmistä, jotka ovat kotoisin Suojärveltä ja pieni osa Salmin rajakylistä. Vanhukset, naiset ja lapset kuljetetaan kuorma-autoilla lähes 200 kilometrin päähän Interposolkan ja Kaimaojan metsätyökeskuksiin. Kylmän matkan aikana kuolee muutama lapsi. Heikon ravinnon takia leireillä kuolee yli 50 lasta ja vanhusta.
Osasto Kekkonen karkottaa Haukkajärven kautta suomalaisten selustaan pyrkivän Dolinin hiihtoprikaatiin kuuluvan vihollisen pataljoonan rajan taakse.
Ulkomailta: Länsiliitoutuneiden ylin sotaneuvosto tekee Pariisissa periaatteellisen päätöksen Suomen auttamisesta.
Suomeen päätetään lähettää maaliskuun puolivälissä vähintäin kahden prikaatin kokoinen liittoutuneiden yksikkö. Suomen Punainen Risti saa lahjoituksen Belgian Punaiselta Ristiltä.
Suomalaiset suurjuoksijat Paavo Nurmi ja Taisto Mäki matkustavat Washingtoniin, jossa Yhdysvaltain presidentti Franklin Delano Roosevelt ottaa heidät vastaan.
^Luftvärnet bombar fiendens läger på natten Vinterkrigets 68 dag, den 05 februari 1940
I Stockholm träffar utrikesminister Tanner först Sveriges utrikesminister Günther och därefter kl. 11 den ryska ambassadören i Stockholm Alexandra Kollontaj i Hella Wuolijokis rum på Hotell Grand.
Tanner erfar att Sovjetunionen har avvisat Finlands utkast till utgångspunkt för förhandlingarna varefter han föreslår att en ö i Finska viken ska bli Sovjetunionens bas i stället för Hangö. Ambassadören, fru Alexandra Kollontaj lovar framföra förslaget till sin regering.
På morgonen går fienden lös på Näset efter artilleriförberedelser. Attackerna riktas mot Summa, Marjapellonmäki och Hatjalahdenjärvi och stöds av över hundra stridsvagnar. Finland slår tillbaka anfallen, och fienden lyckas trots sin övermakt inte avancera. 22 stridsvagnar förintas.
Vid Pitkärantaområdet misslyckas finnarnas motattack.
Fienden flyger några fallskärmsjägare till norra Finland. Landningsplatserna är bekanta. Luftvärnet bombar natten mot den 5 februari fientliga trupper som slagit sig ner vid brasor.
Ryssarna börjar transportera de karelare som blivit kvar i gränsbyarna kring Suojärvi till fångläger i Sovjet-Karelen. Över 1500 personer hemma från Suojärvi och en del av gränsbyarna i Salmi flyttas till två läger. Åldringar, kvinnor och barn körs med lastbilar till skogsarbetscentralerna i Interposolka och Kaimaoja, nästan 200 km bort. Några barn omkommer under den kalla färden. Till följd av näringsbrist dör över 50 barn och åldringar.
En bataljon som hör till den Dolinska skidlöparbrigaden försöker överraska finnarna bakifrån via Haukkajärvi men Avdelning Kekkonen fördriver dem bortom gränsen.
Utrikes: De västallierades högsta krigsråd fattar i Paris ett principiellt beslut om att hjälpa Finland. Man beslutar att sända ett förband på åtminstone två alliansbrigader till Finland i mitten av mars.
Finlands Röda Kors får en donation av Belgiens Röda Kors.
De finska löparstjärnorna Paavo Nurmi och Taisto Mäki reser till Washington där de tas emot av Förenta Staternas president Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
| 1937 Lou Andreas-Salomé, escritora alemana.
1923 Alejo Vera y Estaca, pintor español.
1919 William Michael Rossetti, London English art critic, literary editor, and man of letters, born on 25 September 1829, brother of Dante Gabriel Rossetti [12 May 1828 – 09 Apr 1882] and Christina Rossetti [05 Dec 1830 – 29 Dec 1894]. In 1874 he married Emma Lucy, the daughter of the painter Ford Madox Brown [16 Apr 1821 – 06 Oct 1893].
Auguste Vaillant, 32 ans, anarchiste, guillotiné.
Né en 1861, dans les Ardennes, Vaillant connaît une enfance misérable. À l’âge de douze ans, il vit seul à Paris où il est condamné pour mendicité et vol. Successivement apprenti pâtissier, frappeur, cordonnier, laboureur, il est attiré par les doctrines socialistes et milite aux Indépendants de Montmartre. En 1890, il émigre en Argentine, mais il y échoue et rentre en France. La misère dans laquelle il se trouve avec sa famille le pousse alors à préparer l’attentat contre la Chambre des députés. Le 09 decembre 1893, il jette en pleine Assemblée une bombe qui blesse un grand nombre de personnes et lui-même. Son procès est expédié en une seule audience: il est condamné à mort. C’est la première fois depuis le début du siècle qu’on condamne à la peine capitale un homme qui n’a pas tué.
Bien qu’une pétition demandant l’indulgence ait recueilli à la Chambre soixante signatures, Vaillant est exécuté le 5 février 1894. Avant de mourir, il s’écrie : "Mort à la société bourgeoise et vive l’anarchie." Contrairement aux actes de Ravachol, qui furent très controversés, le geste de Vaillant ne recueillit que des approbations dans les milieux anarchistes. Il est vrai que la Chambre des députés venait d’être éclaboussée par le scandale de Panama. Les socialistes, quant à eux, condamnèrent vigoureusement l’"acte d’un fou". La question d’une provocation reste posée: c’est, en effet, à la suite de l’attentat qu’est votée la série de lois dites "scélérates", destinées à réprimer toute propagande révolutionnaire, anarchiste ou non.
La poussée anarchiste correspondit, chronologiquement, à la période 1890-1895. Elle renvoie, d'une part, à la tradition anti parlementaire française, d'autre part, à la diffusion dans certains milieux d'un activisme inspiré à la fois de Proudhon et des nihilistes russes. Elle renvoie enfin à la tradition, ancrée dans l'histoire du XIXème siècle, des sociétés secrètes de résistance au pouvoir établi. Les attentats anarchistes se multiplièrent à partir de 1892. En décembre 1893, Auguste Vaillant jeta une bombe dans la Chambre des députés (voir ci-dessus). Il fut décapité après que le président Carnot eut refusé sa grâce. Santo Jeronimo Caserio assassina Carnot à Lyon en juin 1894. Ces manifestations anarchiques entraînèrent des mesures de répression contre lesquelles la gauche s'éleva, les jugeant "scélérates". Mais l'anarchisme terroriste fut, rapidement, démantelé. Cette poussée anarchiste avait révélé un trouble profond dans la société française.
Thomas Carlyle, 85, in London, mathematician,
but mostly essayist and historian. He was born on 04 December 1795.
|| translator of Goethe's:
Rebs and Yanks as Battle of Dabney's Mill starts.
Union and Confederate forces around Petersburg, Virginia, begin a three-day battle that produces 3000 casualties but ends with no significant advantage for either side. The Battle of Dabney's Mill (Hatcher's Run) was another attempt by Union General Ulysses S. Grant to break the siege of Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia. In 1864, Grant and Confederate General Robert E. Lee pounded each other as they wheeled south around the cities. After a month of heavy battling that produced the highest casualty rates of the war, Grant and Lee settled into trenches around Petersburg. These lines eventually stretched 40 kilometers to Richmond, and the stalemate continued for 10 months. Periodically, Grant mounted offensives either to break through Lee's lines or envelope the ends. In June, August, and October, these moves failed to extricate the Confederates from their trenches.
Now, Grant sent cavalry under General David Gregg to capture a road that carried supplies from Hicksford, Virginia, into Petersburg. On 05 February, Gregg moves and captures a few wagons along his objective, the Boydton Plank Road. He finds little else, so he pulls back toward the rest of the Union army. Yankee infantry under General Gouverneur K. Warren also moves forward and probes the area at the end of the Confederate's Petersburg line. The Rebels respond by moving troops into the area. Skirmishes erupts that evening and the fighting continues for two more days as each side maneuvered for an advantage. The fighting surged back and forth around Dabney's Mill, but the Yankees were never able to penetrate the Confederate lines. The Union suffered 2000 men killed, wounded, or captured, while the Confederates lost about 1000. The battle did extend the Petersburg line a few kilometers to further stretch Lee's thin lines, but the stalemate continued for six more weeks before Grant's forces finally sent Lee racing west with the remnants of his army. The chase ended in April when Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House.
| 1888 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter specialized
in landscapes, born on 13 September 1838. MORE
ON MAUVE AT ART 4 FEBRUARY
with links to images.
1822 (24 Jan Julian) Ali Pasha Tepelenê “ Lion of Janina”, Albanian brigand who, by murder and intrigue, became pasha (provincial governor) of Janina from 1788. He extended his capricious rule within the Ottoman Empire over much of Albania and Macedonia, Epirus, Thessaly, and the Morea. He is shot by an assassin, for being insubordinate to the sultan Mahmud II [20 Jul 1785 – 01 Jul 1839].
1807 Pasquale Paoli, 80, Corsican freedom fighter.
1685 Charles II, 54, king of England (1660-85) / Nell Gwynns lover.
1679 Justo van den Vondel, poeta y dramaturgo holandés
1635 Joos Momper Jr., Flemish painter born in 1564. MORE ON MOMPER AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1597 Saints Antony Deynan, Bonaventure of Miyako, Cosmas Takeya, Francis Blanco, Francis of Nagasaki, Francis of Saint Michael, Gabriel de Duisco, Gaius Francis, Gonzalo García, James Kisai, Joachim Saccachibara, John Kisaka, John Soan de Goto, Leo Karasumaru, Louis Ibaraki, Martín Loynaz de Aguirre OFM, Matthias of Miyako, Michael Kozaki, Paul Ibaraki, Paul Miki SJ, Paul Suzuki, Peter Baptist, Peter Sukejiroo, Philip of Jesus, Thomas Kozaki, Thomas Xico, martyred by crucifixion Nagasaki, Japan. Canonized 08 June 1862 by Pope Pius IX. MORE ON THE NAGASAKI MARTYRS
0865 Saint Anschar, 63, Hamburg archbishop, Denmark/Sweden, "Apostle of the North"
0045 -BC- Cato, Roman patriot and philosopher, commits suicide
1931 Willem Frederik Van Eekelen, político y abogado holandés.
1929 Fred Sinowatz, canciller austriaco.
1919 Andrea George Papandreou Greek premier (1981-1989, 1993- )
1917 Mexican constitution adopted.
1914 William Seward Burroughs, US writer who died on 02 August 1997. His experimental novels evoke, in deliberately erratic prose, a nightmarish, sometimes wildly humorous world. A homosexual, he was sexually explicit; that and his frankness about his drug addiction, won him a following among writers of the Beat movement. Author of Junkie: Confessions of an Unredeemed Drug Addict (1953, under pen name William Lee), Naked Lunch (1959), The Soft Machine (1961), The Ticket That Exploded (1962), Nova Express (1964), The Wild Boys (1971), Exterminator! (1973), The Last Words of Dutch Schultz (1975), Cities of Red Night (1981), The Place of Dead Roads (1983), Queer (1985), The Western Lands (1987). — He is not to be confused with his grandfather William Seward Burroughs [28 Jan 1855 – 15 Sep 1898], inventor of the first recording adding machine and co-founder of the American Arithmometer Company in 1886, which, in 1905, became the Burroughs Adding Machine Company.
1914 Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, English physiologist and biophysicist, who died on 20 December 1998. He received, jointly with Andrew Fielding Huxley 22 Nov 1917~] and John Eccles [27 Jan 1903 – 02 May 1997], the 1963 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of the chemical processes responsible for the passage of impulses along individual nerve fibers.
1907 Norton Simon business executive (Simon and Schuster)
1907 Magnus, mathematician.
1901 US Steel Corporation is founded by Pierpont Morgan.
1888 Bruce Austin Fraser, British admiral in World War II and chief of the naval staff (1948–1951), who died on 12 February 1981.
1887 The Chicago Evangelization Society was organized by evangelist Dwight L. Moody, 50. Two years later, the Society established the Bible Institute for Home and Foreign Missions. Moody died in 1899, and in 1900 the school was renamed Moody Bible Institute.
1886 Ernest Martin Hennings, US artist who died on 29 May 1956. MORE ON HENNINGS AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1881 Phoenix AZ is incorporated.
1879 Light bulb using carbon glow demonstrated by Joseph Swan.
1878 André Gustave Citroën, he would become one of France’s leading carmakers.
1871 Birger Sven Sandzen, Swedish US artist who died in 1954. — more with links to two images.
1864 Arthur Wardle, British artist who died on 16 July 1949. MORE ON WARDLE AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1861 Peep show machine patented by Samuel Goodale of Cincinnati
1861 Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia PA
1846 The Oregon Spectator, the North American Pacific coast's first newspaper, goes to press. It would be published until 1855. Other newspapers would follow and even be published in the same building. Some of them were The Spectator, The Oregon City Argus, and The Oregon City Enterprise whose first issue appeared on 27 October 1866 as a weekly Saturday morning newspaper. It still had just four pages but had now increased in length to seven columns.
1817 first US gas company incorporated, Baltimore (coal gas for street lights)
1808 Karl Spitzweg, deutscher Maler gestorben am 23 September 1885. MORE ON SPITZWEG AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1797 Jean-Marie Duhamel, French mathematician and physicist who died on 29 April 1872. He proposed a theory dealing with the transmission of heat in crystal structures, based on the work of the French mathematicians Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier [21 Mar 1768 – 16 May 1830] and Siméon-Denis Poisson [21 Jun 1781 – 25 Apr 1840]. Duhamel attended the École Polytechnique [1794~] in Paris from 1814 to 1816 before moving to Rennes to study jurisprudence. He later returned to Paris where he taught at the Institut Massin and the Collège Louis-le-Grand. In 1830 he began teaching analysis at the École Polytechnique, where, highly regarded as a teacher, he remained until his retirement in 1869. While at the École he engaged in acoustical studies involving vibrating strings and the vibration of air in cylindrical and conical pipes, as well as the physics of harmonic overtones. Related to this work with partial differential equationswas his discovery of a solution to the problem of distribution of heat in a solid with a variable boundary temperature, now known as Duhamel's principle. Duhamel also taught at the École Normale Supérieure and at the Sorbonne (both schools are now part of the Universities of Paris), and he was a member of the French Academy of Sciences.
1788 Sir Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British PM (1834-1846), founded Tories. He died on 02 July 1850.
1788 Sarah Goodridge, Massuchusetts painter who died on 28 December 1853. MORE ON GOODRIDGE AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
Feasts which occur on a 05 February:
2972 Ash Wednesday
1913 Ash Wednesday