Finns heroically resist Soviet aggression... Electrician becomes president of Poland... Subway vigilante shoots 4 Blacks... Renoirs stolen... Mayans massacred in Acteal.... Bill Gates impoverished!... Firing squad for Dostoyevsky... La Justice de Paix change de nom... Dreyfus Affair begins... Genève victorieuse... Racine is born... Christmas bombing of North Vietnam... Bécquer meurt... FDR and Churchill meet... Failed skyscraper suicide... James II se réfugie en France... Continental Navy gets commander... Oglethorpe is born... Enigmatical prophecies... USSR criticizes China's Vietnam policies...
a 22 December:
17004 Start of a global ice age (exact date meaningless, millenium approximate)
2002 Time magazine names three women ``whistleblowers'' its Persons of the Year for 2002: Coleen Rowley, 48, was the FBI agent in Arizona whose May 2002 memorandum to FBI Director Robert Mueller criticized the agency for ignoring evidence suggesting the possibility of terrorist attacks using airplanes. Cynthia Cooper, 38, was an internal auditor at WorldCom who alerted the telecommunications firm's board of directors to $3.8 billion in accounting irregularities. Sherron Watkins, 43, was a vice president of Enron, who warned company chairman Kenneth Lay in 2001 that the firm could collapse as a result of extensive false accounting.
2001 After being without a government since the fall of the Taliban, Afghanistan gets a UN-midwifed interim government sworn in, with Hamid Karzai as prime minister, and 29 cabinet members including two women.
| 2000 From Stockholm’s
National Museum, pictures worth some $39 million are stolen: a self-portrait
by Rembrandt, and two works by Renoir: Jeune Parisienne and
AT ART 4 DECEMBER
1997 Coca-Cola buys Orangina, the "sparkling" French beverage formerly owned by Pernod Richard, second to Coke in overall market share in France. It costs $840 million, while Wall Street expected $600 to $700 million. Pernod Richard plans to use the proceeds to boost its international offerings of "wines and spirits.
1994 Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi resigns.
1989 After 23 years of dictatorial rule, Romania ousts Nicolea Ceausescu.
1989 Cold wave: -4ºF in Oklahoma City, -6ºF in Tulsa, -12ºF in Pittsburgh PA, -18ºF in Denver CO, -23ºF in Kansas City MO, -42ºF in Scottsbluff NB, -47ºF in Hardin MT & -60ºF in Black Hills SD
1988 South Africa signs accord granting independence to South-West Africa
1973 A federal speed limit of 55 miles per hour was imposed across the United States, for fuel economy
1971 UN General Assembly ratifies Kurt Waldheim as secretary-general
1966 The United States announces the allocation of 900,000 tons of grain to fight the famine in India.
1964 Lockheed SR-71 spy aircraft reaches 3530 k/h.
1945 The United States recognizes Tito's government in Yugoslavia.
1944 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium, during the Battle of the Bulge. General Anthony McAuliffe answers: "Nuts!"
1942 The Soviets drive German troops back 25 km at the Don River.
1941 Japanese troops make an amphibious landing on the coast of Lingayen Gulf on Luzon, the Philippines.
1929 Soviet troops leave Manchuria after a truce is reached with the Chinese over the Eastern Railway dispute.
1919 US deports 250 alien radicals
1918 The last of the US food restrictions, that had been enforced because of the shortages during World War I, are lifted.
1216 Pope Honorius III approves the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), founded in 1216 by St. Dominic. During the Middle Ages, many leaders of European thought were Dominicans; and a good number followed Portuguese and Spanish explorers to the Americas as missionaries.
1135 Stephen of Blois is crowned the king of England.
0401 St Innocent I begins his reign as Pope.
2004 Michael Jerome Guess, 31, of Rockville, Maryland., when the fuel tanker truck which he is driving crashes at 03:40 (08:30 UT), stricking a guardrail as he drives onto an exit ramp of Interstate 395, near the Pentagon. Multiple explosions send flames 15 meters up and shut down the highway for three hours.
2003 Israelis Capt. Haggai Bibi, 24, of Ma'aleh Adumim; and Lt. Leonardo Weissman, 23, of Afula; the Palestinian who killed them by throwing a grenade; and another armed Palestinian, at 18:50, in the Gaza Strip about 1 km west of the Kisufim checkpoint to Israel. The Kisufim Road is the only road connecting the Gush Katif settlement bloc to Israel, and is therefore traveled by hundreds of soldiers and settlers every day. It has been attacked 11 times in 2003.
2003 Scott Patrick, 27, Indiana State Police trooper, after being shot by a 19-year-old Chicago man whose car was disabled on Interstate Highway 80-94 near Gary, and whom the trooper had come to help at 04:30. The man is then wounded by trooper Jeff Gruber who had arrived to assist Patrick. The disabled car turned out to have been stolen on 16 December 2003 in Chicago.
2003 Pfc. Stuart W. Moore, 21, of Livingston TX; 1st Lt. Edward M. Saltz, 27, of Bigfork MO; and their Iraqi translator, by a roadside bomb exploding next to their convoy, of the US 2nd Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, 1st Armored Division, in Baghdad, Iraq. Two US soldiers are wounded.
2003 Pfc. Gerard Wasilewski, 20, of Szczecin, Poland, a soldier of the Polish Army, dies in Karbala, Iraq, of “a non-hostile weapon discharge”.
2003 An innocent Iraqi woman when US troops from the Third Armored Calvary Regiment set off an explosion to blow open the reinforced steel door of her home in the region of Rawah, Iraq. Two Iraqis are wounded.
2002 Patrick Bourrat, French TV reporter, in the early hours, from having been struck the previous day by a US tank in military exercises in Kuwait.
2001 Wissam Majdi Muhareb, 27, Palestinian, from injuries sustained on 12 December 2001 from Israeli helicopter-fired missiles against Alnamsawi residential project in Khan Younis refugee camp, Gaza Strip.
1989 Samuel Beckett, in Paris. Born on 13 April 1906 in Dublin, he was an author, critic, and playwright, in French and in English, Nobel Literature Prize 1969, best known for his play En Attendant Godot (1952)(BECKETT ONLINE:).
1961 James Davis, first US soldier to die in Vietnam, while US involvement is still limited to military.
1928 Henry Fine, mathematician.
1918 Charles Edward Perugini, British genre and portait painter born Italian in 1839. MORE ON PERUGINI AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1917 Maria Francesca “Frances Xavier” Cabrini, saint born (main coverage) on 15 July 1850. —(081113)
1915 Arthur Hughes, English Pre-Raphaelite painter born on 27 January 1832. MORE ON HUGHES AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1913 Menelik II, 69, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913)
1899 Dwight L. Moody, one of the most effective evangelists the US ever produced.
1888 Isaac Hecker, influential convert to Roman Catholicism, who founded the order of Paulists in the US and edited Catholic World.
1885 Davidov, mathematician.
1867 Théodore Etienne Pierre Rousseau, French painter born on 15 April 1812. MORE ON ROUSSEAU AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1815 José Maria Morelos Mexican revolutionary priest executed by Spaniards.
1814 Pieter Faes, Flemish artist born on 14 July 1750.
1721 Nathaniel Hawes tortured & executed in England for robbery.
1679 Jan van de Capelle, Dutch artist born in 1624.
1660 Tacquet, mathematician.
1640 Beaugrand, mathematician.
1641 Sully, 82 ans, Le ministre disgracié , il y a trente ans, s'est retiré à Sully-sur-Loire. Il impose une étiquette stricte à son entourage et demeure un exemple pour les huguenots parce qu'il s'est toujours refusé à renoncer à sa foi.
1560 Julián Hernández, burned in Spain for heresy: he had Protestant books in his possession.
1440 Bluebeard pirate, executed
2001 Cc (aka ClonedCat, CopyCat), by Caesarean section. The world's first cloned (from Rainbow) cat, it would be introduced on 14 February 2002 [Cc on 14 Feb 2002 >] by Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine researchers. Previously cattle, goats, and pigs have been cloned there.— MORE
1922 James C Wright Jr (Rep-D-TX), Speaker of the US House of Representatives (1987-89)
1905 Kenneth Rexroth US, poet/critic/translator (Birds in the Bush)
1903 H Keffer Hartline US, biophysicist (Nobel 1967)
1903 Dr Barbara Moore walked across US in 86 days in 1960
1900 The Mercedes car. A new 35-horsepower car built by Daimler from a design by Emil Jellinek is completed, named for Jellinek's daughter, Mercedes.
1897 Jarnik, mathematician.
1895 First X-ray photo by German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen, of his wife's hand.
1889 Natan Isayevich Altman, Russian painter who died on 12 December 1970. MORE ON ALTMAN AT ART 4 DECEMBER 12 with links to images. —(061221)
1887 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Tamil Nadu state Indian mathematician, born in Erode, who died on 26 April 1920. — (060806)
1877 Boggio, mathematician.
1869 Edwin Arlington Robinson US, Pulitzer prize-winning poet: Collected Poems , The Man Who Died Twice , Tristram , Richard Cory, Miniver Cheever.
1869 Egorov, mathematician.
1859 Otto Hölder, mathematician.
1859 Vicente March y Marco, Italian artist who died in 1914.
1858 Giacomo Puccini (musician, Italian opera composer: La Boheme, Tosca, Madama Butterfly)
1856 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war with the Kellogg-Briand Pact. (Nobel 1929)
1844 Eduard Zetsche, Austrian artist who died on 26 April 1927.
1824 Brioschi, mathematician.
1819 Bonnet, mathematician.
1815 Charles Louis Lucien Müller, French artist who died on 10 January 1892.
1778 Jan Hendrik Verkeyen, Dutch artist who died on 14 January 1846.
1768 John Crome Old Crome, British etcher and painter of landscapes who died on 22 April 1821. MORE ON CROME AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1765 Pfaff, mathematician.
PROPHECIES [from the 1736 Poor Richard's Almanack, with the
original spelling]. ^top^
Which they that do not understand, cannot well explain.
1. Before the middle of this year, a wind at N. East will arise, during which the water of the sea and rivers will be in such manner raised, that great part of the towns of Boston, Newport, New-York, Philadelphia, the low lands of Maryland and Virginia, and the town of Charlstown in South Carolina, will be under water. Happy will it be for the sugar and salt, standing in the cellars of those places, if there be tight roofs and cielings overhead; otherwise, without being a conjurer, a man may easily foretel that such commodities will receive damage.
2. About the middle of the year, great numbers of vessels fully laden will be taken out of the ports aforesaid, by a Power with which we are not now at war, and whose forces shall not be descried or seen either coming or going. But in the end this may not be disadvantageous to those places.
3. However, not long after, a visible army of 30000 musketers will land, some in Virginia and Maryland, and some in the lower counties on both sides of Delaware, who will over-run the country, and sorely annoy the inhabitants; but the air in this climate will agree with them so ill towards winter, that they will die in the beginning of cold weather like rotten sheep, and by Christmas the inhabitans will get the better of them.
[These 3 prophecies, reproduced in This Day in History for yesterday, did indeed come to pass, but Franklin's readers had to wait one year for the 1737 Almanack to understand them. I will not make you wait that long, Here is Franklin's 1737 explanation of the first prophecy. For the other two, make sure you read This Day in History for the next few days.]
In my last I published some enigmatical prophecies, which I did not expect any one would take for serious predictions. The explanation I promised, follows, viz.
1. The water of the sea and rivers i raised in vapours by the sun, is form'd into clouds in the air, and thence descends in rain. Now when there is rain overhead, (which frequently happens when the wind is at N.E.) the cities and places on the earth below, are certainly under water.
2. The power with which we were not then at war, but which, it was said, would take many full laden vessels out of our ports before the end of the year, is the WIND, whose forces also are not descried either coming or going.
3. The army which it was said would land in Virginia, Maryland, and the lower counties on Delaware, were not musketeers with guns on their shoulders as some expected; but their namesakes, in pronunciation, tho' truly spelled moschitos, arm'd only wih a sharp sting.