a 16 December:
2000 President-elect George W. Bush announces that he has selected the first Black to be US Secretary of State, general Colin Powell.
1996 Underscoring the importance of parents' rights to their children, The US Supreme Court rules that states must let parents appeal orders terminating their parental rights, even when they cannot afford court fees.
1996 Former South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan, condemned to death for a 1979 coup and a deadly military crackdown, had his sentence commuted to life imprisonment.
1992 IBM announces its first layoffs in fifty years: 25'000 employees. It will also dispose of some its mainframe business, which has been losing ground to personal computers.
1992 Israel orders deportation of 415 Palestinians after escalating terrorist activity.
1991 By a vote of 111 to 25, the UN General Assembly rescinded its 1975 resolution equating Zionism with racism.
1988 Political cult leader Lyndon LaRouche convicted of tax, mail fraud
1987 Roh Tae Woo wins Presidential Election in South Korea
| 1983 Riverside, Cal judge denies cerebral palsy victim
Elizabeth Bouviato request to starve herself to death in a county hospital
1976 The US government halted its swine flu vaccination program following reports of paralysis apparently linked to the vaccine.
1940 British make an air raid on Italian Somalia.
1936 Tchang Hieue-leang (= Zhang Xueliang) invite Tchang Kaï-chek à Si-ngnan (= Xian), où ses soldats le séquestrent sans façon pendant une dizaine de jours. Tchang Hieue-leang tente de convaincre le généralissime chinois, dont il est l'un des favoris, de la nécessité de s'allier avec les communistes de Mao Tsé-toung pour mieux lutter contre les envahisseurs japonais. Le généralissime feindra de s'incliner et, malgré l'alliance tactique entre les deux ennemis, les Japonais n'en occuperont pas moins la plus grande partie de la Chine utile après leur ultimatum du 15 Jul 1937.
1936 During the Spanish Civil War, Minister of Justice Andrés Nin [1892 – 20 Jun 1937] is ousted from the Popular Front government, under Soviet pressure. He was, in 1935 with Joaquín Maurin [1896-1973], the cofounder of the anti-Stalinist, Trotskyite POUM (Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista), which advocated radical policies such as nationalization without compensation, which were not adopted by the Popular Front, which Nin had criticized because of this.
1930 In Spain, a general strike is called in support of the revolution.
1909 US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos Zelaya from office
1908 1st credit union in US formed, Manchester, NH
1907 Great White Fleet sails from Hampton Downs on its World Cruise
1904 Japanese warships quit Port Arthur in order to cut off the Russian Baltic fleet's advance.
1897 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
1864 Battle of Nashville, Tennessee concludes: On the afternoon of December 16, 1864, Union troops led by General George H. Thomas devastated Confederate forces at Nashville, Tennessee. The battle had begun the day before when Thomas initiated an attack after waiting some two weeks for troop reinforcements and favorable weather.
1863 Skirmish at Salem, Virginia
1863 Confederate General Joseph Johnston takes command the Army of Tennessee, replacing Lt. General William Hardee.
1838 Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingaan in South Africa
1835 A fire in New York City destroys property estimated to be worth $20'000'000. It lasts two days, ravages 17 blocks, and destroys 674 buildings including the Stock Exchange, Merchants' Exchange, Post Office, and the South Dutch Church.
0882 Marinus I begins his reign as Pope
0345 Eusebius (not to be confused with historian Eusebius of Caesarea) becomes bishop of Vercelli, Italy. He was influential in having the Nicene creed restored to the empire.
2004 Rinaldo Thomas, 24, shot in the rear bedroom of his third-floor apartment in Philadelphia. A baby in the same room seems unhurt but his feet are bound. Thomas's mate finds the bloody scene when she comes home.
2004 Eight Palestinians, late in the evening, in a weapons-smuggling tunnel near Rafah, Gaza Strip, at the Egyptian border, when the tunnel collapses on them.
2004 Bobbie Jo Stinnett, 23, whose baby girl Victoria Jo Stinnett, who was due to be born in mid-January 2005, is born by being cut out of her just-strangled mother, in their Skidmore, Missouri, home, in the afternoon, and kidnapped, all this done by Lisa M. Montgomery, 36 (who had recently suffered a miscarriage), who had come in on the pretext of buying one of the rat terrier dogs that the Stinnetts sell (and publicize on a web site that included a photo of Mrs. Stinnet pregnant). The baby is found in good condition the next day and Montgomery, who had tried to pass off the baby as her own newborn, is arrested.
2002 Stephen Paul Rauen, 15, by a pickup truck driven by a 17-year-old boy, after Rauen jumped on the hood, was thrown to the ground when the driver slammed on the brakes and then dragged under the vehicle for a short distance, in Albuquerque. It was a stunt allegedly inspired by one in “Jackass: the Movie”, though its producers deny that there is anything similar in it.
2001 MaryJane Longo, 34; her children, Madison Longo, 2, Sadie Ann Longo, 3, and Zachery Michael Longo, 4, murdered in their Newport, Oregon, home by her husband Christian Longo, 28, who strangles his wife and asphyxiates their children, then dumps the body in coastal waters, and flees to the Tulum, Mexico, tourist resort, where he starts a new affair, and, on 13 January 2002, is arrested. Christian Longo had a record of extra-marital affair, forgery, stealing. He would be sentenced to death on 16 April 2003, after having admitted killing MaryJane and Madison, in a fit of rage, according to his account, when he returned home and found that his wife had murdered their other two children.
2001 Yakoub Dakidak, senior Hamas military wing activist, killed after nightfall by Israeli troops which had entered Palestiniain Hebron, who say that he was fleeing arrest..
2001 19 elderly and psychiatric patients, by fire in their institutional home, a prefab, near Buccino, Italy, during the night.
2000 Mohammed Fahad Abdel-Ghani, 70, Palestinian, from wounds caused by Israeli gunfire the day before, as he crossed a road near a clash at Ajar, south of Jenin, West Bank. It brought to at least 326 the number of people killed in 12 weeks of the al-Aqsa intifada, including 273 Palestinians, 13 Israeli Arabs and 38 Israeli Jewish soldiers and civilians.
2000 Magomed Ismailov, his wife and two daughers, shot by Russian looters in Alkhan-Kala, Chechnya, during a "cleansing operation".
1989 Robert S. Vance, judge of the US Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit [photo >], by a letter bomb sent to his home in Birmingham, Alabama, by Walter L. Moody, whose 1972 conviction for possessing a pipe bomb had not been overturned. Moody would be sentenced to death in 1997.
1985 Paul Castellano, reputed organized-crime boss, shot near a New York City restaurant.
1976 George a goose that lived to 49 years 8 months
1965 W. Somerset Maugham, 91, English author (Of Human Bondage)
1960: 134 persons, as a United Air Lines DC-8 and a TWA Super Constellation collide over New York City.
1947 Gino Rossi, Italian artist born on 06 June 1884.
1944 Alton Glenn Miller, in Norseman small airplane which, in foggy weather, strayed into the English Channel jettison area into which an aborted raid of some 140 Lancaster bombers was unloading its bombs. US composer and trombonist Major Miller, born on 01 March 1904, was the leader of the US Air Force band in Europe and was hitching a flight from England (where he performed his last concert on 12 December 1944) to Paris where he was to lead a Christmas concert for the troops.
1922 Gabriel Narutowicz 1st President of Polish Republic assassinated
1907 Fritz Beinke, German artist born on 23 April 1842.
1866 Claude Anthelme Honoré Trimolet, French artist born on 16 May 1798.
1800 Guy Head, British artist born in 1753. — more with links to images.
1693 Jacques Rousseau, French artist born in 1630.
1698 Simone Pignone, Italian artist born in 1614.
1631 Some 4000 in eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which destroys 6 villages
0882 John VIII, Pope. He was forced to pay tribute to the Saracens. He crowned three emperors, beginning with Charles le Chauve, continuing through Louis le Bègue and concluding with Charles the Fat.
1987 Zaraí Toledo Orozco, to unmarried Lucrecia Orozco Zapata [< Zarai and mom in 2002] who had conceived her with economist Alejandro Toledo [28 Mar 1946~], whom she had met in a Lima piano bar. Toledo was married to Eliane Karp, a Belgian-American consultant with whom they had a daughter, but the marriage had run into trouble (which was resolved later and the marriage continued).
[< Zaraí and mom in 2002]
Lucrecia and, when she became old enough, Zaraí would try to get Toledo to admit paternity, but he would refuse until 17 October 2002 when, elected president of Peru 16 months earlier, he would give in to an outraged public opinion.
[Zaraí triumphant as dad signs admission of paternity, 17 Oct 2002 >]
1938 Jimmy Lee Jackson, US Black who died on 26 February 1965, after being shot by a policeman while Jackson was participating in a civil rights action in Marion, Alabama. A march from Selma to Montgomery was made to protest his death, and led to the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
1936 Morris Dees, 65, civil rights attorney.
1928 Philip K Dick US, writer (Blade Runner)
1906 Leonid Brezhnev (Russian leader of the Communist Party)
1901 Margaret Mead, in Philadelphia, she would become an anthropologist, author, lecturer (e.g. on air pollution, hunger, mental hygiene, sex, women's careers, population control, primitive art, the family, nutrition, city planning, military service, tribal customs, alcoholism, child development, architecture, drugs, civil liberties, etc.) , and social critic. According to the American Museum of Natural History, with which she was associated for most of her professional life, she was "a specialist in education and culture; relationship between character structure and social forms; personality and culture; cultural aspects of problems of nutrition; mental health; family life; ecology; ekistics; transnational relations; national character; cultural change, and cultural building." They could have added feminism, atomic politics, etc., etc. Mead died on 15 November 1978. She became well known from her first book, Coming of Age in Samoa (1928), in which she described the values of adolescent lovemaking in Samoan society and suggested that, in our modern society, adolescent conflicts arise from excessively strict sexual norms. She studied seven other cultures: Manua, Arapesh, Mundugumor, Tchambuli, Iatmul, Balinese, US; and wrote Growing Up in New Guinea, Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies, Balinese Character, New Lives for Old, And Keep Your Powder Dry: An Anthropologist Looks at America (1942), Male and Female: A Study of Sexes in a Changing World (1949).
1900 Victor S Pritchett literary critic/author (Myth Makers)
1899 Sir Noel Coward, actor, director, composer, playwright: Private Lives, In Which We Serve -- 1942 Academy Award.
1887 Johann Radon, mathematician.
1882 Zoltan Kodaly Kecskemet Hungary, composer (Psalmus Hungaricus)
1866 (04 December Julian) Vasiliy Vasilyevich Kandinsky, Russian Expressionist painter who died in Neuilly-sur-Seine on 13 December 1944. article about Kandinsky: Towards Abstraction (Tempered Élan, 1944 thumbnail >) MORE ON KANDINSKY AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1863 George Santayana Spain, philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
1832 Jules Worms, French artist who died on 25 November 1924.
1804 Viktor Bunyakovsky, mathematician.
1751 Franz Schüz (or Schütz), German artist who died on 14 May 1781.
1668 Constantyn Netscher, Dutch artist who died on 27 May 1723.
1597 Pieter Deneyn (or de Neyn), Dutch artist who died on 16 March 1639.
1534 Hans Bol, Flemish draftsman, illuminator, painter who died on 20 November 1593. MORE ON BOL AT ART 4 DECEMBER with
links to images.
1485 Catherine of Aragon 1st of the 6 wives of Henry VIII, who bore him five children.