a 04 December:
2002 Total eclipse of the sun of 2m04s, visible in South Africa, Indian Ocean, Australia. It starts at 05:54 UT just north of Egito Praia, Angola, passes through Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, and, at 06:27 UT, leaves Mozambique at Xai-Xai, crosses the Indian Ocean and reaches Australia near Ceduna at 09:10 UT (19:40 local), where totality lasts only 32 seconds, and, at 09:12 UT end in the Outback, at sunset.
2000 In a pair of legal setbacks for Al Gore, a Florida state judge refused to overturn George W. Bush's certified presidential election victory in Florida and the US Supreme Court set aside a ruling that had allowed manual recounts.
2000 PepsiCo agrees to pay $13.4 billion to acquire Quaker Oats.
2000 If you know that a cashier has given you too much change, how likely are you to keep the money: very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?'' is the question asked in a recent Zogby poll of 1004 US adults, whose results are released today. The answers are: very or somewhat likely (13%), somewhat unlikely (11%), very unlikely (75%), not sure (1%). 29% of those aged 18-29 answered very or somewhat likely. What the poll does not know is how many of the answers are truthful.
2000 European Union farm ministers approved a six-month ban on animal products in fodder, part of an extraordinary plan to stem growing panic over mad cow disease. Prohibición del uso de harinas cárnicas por parte de la Unión Europea como medida para frenar el mal de las "vacas locas" (encefalopatía espongiforme bovina).
1997 Los gobiernos de la Unión Europea acuerdan en Bruselas la prohibición total de la publicidad del tabaco y su patrocinio por las empresas tabaqueras.
1995 Mario Molina, Sherwood F. Rowland y Paul Crutzen son premiados por el Programa de la ONU para el Medio Ambiente (UNEP) por su contribución a la protección de la capa de ozono.
1995 El escritor y periodista Manuel Vázquez Montalbán es galardonado con el Premio Nacional de las Letras Españolas, por el conjunto de su obra.
1991 El Tribunal Supremo de Perú exculpa al ex presidente Alan García Pérez del cargo de enriquecimiento ilícito, por falta de pruebas.
1991 Pan American World Airways ceased operations (however, a new, smaller version of Pan Am was later formed.)
1990 Due to Persian Gulf crisis gasoline hits $1.60 per gallon price in NYC
1990 Iraq announces it will release all 3300 Soviet hostages
1990 Se concede el Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas a Juan Navarro Baldeweg.
| 1984 General Motors announced that it is stopping production
of diesel engines. The GM diesels were trouble prone.
1983 US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon
1983 El médico Jaime Lusinchi es elegido presidente de la República de Venezuela.
1981 US President Reagan allows CIA to engage in domestic counter-intelligence
1981 According to South Africa, Ciskei gains independence (in fact a puppet state whereto relegate Blacks). Not recognized as an independent country outside South Africa
1978 La Comunidad Económica Europea (CEE) adopta un nuevo Sistema Monetario Europeo (SME), del que sólo el Reino Unido se mantiene al margen.
1978 San Francisco got its first female mayor as city Supervisor Dianne Feinstein was named to replace the assassinated George Moscone.
1976 President for Life Jean-Bedel Bokassa, who had seized power in the Central African Republic in 1965, now declares it to be the Central African Empire, and crowns himself emperor. He would be ousted in a bloodless coup aided by the French, on 20 September 1979.
1972 Un golpe de Estado en Honduras dirigido por el comandante en jefe de las Fuerzas Armadas Oswaldo López Arellano derroca al presidente Ramón Ernesto Cruz Ucles.
1971 General Motors recalls 6'700'000 vehicles vulnerable to motor mount failure. It is the largest voluntary safety recall in the industry's history.
1971 El cardenal Vicente Enrique y Tarancón es nombrado arzobispo de Madrid.
1965 The US launches Gemini 7 with Air Force Lt. Col. Frank Borman and Navy Cmdr. James A. Lovell aboard. una permanencia récord en órbita (13 días, 18 horas y 35 minutos).
1963 Pope Paul VI [26 Sep – 06 Aug 1978] promulgates the 2nd Vatican Council's Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Consilium. _ translations: English _ Español _ Français _ Italiano _ Português _ Deutsch _ Byelorussian _ Czech _ Swahili —(090904)
1963 El democristiano Aldo Moro [23 Sep – 09 May 1978], en calidad de Primer Ministro de Italia, forma un gabinete de coalición entre cuatro partidos.
1961 At the Museum of Modern Art in New York it is discovered that Le Bateau of Henri Matisse [31 Dec 1869 – 03 Nov 1954] has been hanging turned upside down for 47 days. — more —(081202)
1961 Tanganyika becomes the 104th member of the UN
1959 Peking pardons Pu Yi, ex-emperor of China and of the Japanese puppet-state of Manchukuo.
1958 Dahomey (Benin), Ivory Coast become autonomous within French Community
1956 Las tropas franco-británicas empiezan a evacuar Port Said.
1954 José Ángel Valente obtiene el premio Adonais de poesía.
1952 Killer fogs begin in London England. Smog" becomes a word
1952 members of the Congress of Industrial Organizations chose United Auto Workers chief William Reuther to be their new president.
1950 The University of Tennessee defies court rulings by rejecting five Negro applicants.
| 1942 1st US citizenship granted to an alien on foreign
soil (James Hoey)
1942 US President F. D. Roosevelt orders the termination of the Works Progress Administration, which had been created to provide jobs during the Depression.
1942 US bombers struck Italian mainland for 1st time in WW II as they raid Naples.
1941 Operation Taifun (Typhoon), which was launched by the German armies on 02 October 1941, as a prelude to taking Moscow, is halted because of freezing temperatures and lack of serviceable aircraft.
1941 Japanese attack fleet continues sailing undetected towards Pearl Harbor.
1931 El presidente de El Salvador, Arturo Araujo, es derrocado y sustituido por un directorio militar.
1930 En una carta dirigida a la escuela técnica superior de Zurich, el físico austriaco Wolfgang Pauli predice la existencia del "neutrón" (que más tarde recibirá el nombre de neutrino).
1926 Inauguración oficial de la Bauhaus, nueva escuela de arquitectura de Dessau, en Alemania.
1920 Concesión del Premio Nobel de la Paz a Thomas Woodrow Wilson, presidente de Estados Unidos.
1919 Pancho Villa, que mantiene la insurrección agraria en México, es capturado en Morelos por tropas de Venustiano Carranza.
1918 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) proclaimed
1918 France cancels trade treaties in order to compete in the postwar economic battles.
| 1915 Automobile tycoon Henry Ford sails for Europe from
Hoboken, NJ, aboard the Ford Peace Ship. He intends to end World
War I. He would fail.
1915 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County GA
1914 The first Seaplane Unit formed by the German Navy comes into existence and begins operations from Zeebrugge, Belgium.
1906 El Antonio Aguilar y Correa marqués de Vega de Armijo es nombrado presidente del Gobierno español.
1905 Dimite en Reino Unido el gobierno de Arthur James earl Balfour.
1890 El bacteriólogo alemán Emil von Behring y su colega japonés Shibasaburo Kitasato publican un importante artículo sobre la seroterapia como tratamiento contra la difteria.
1888 El inventor e industrial estadounidense George Eastman patenta la cámara Kodak, que puso la fotografía al alcance del gran público.
1875 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail and flees out of the country.
1867 Grange organized to protect farm interests in the US.
1864 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law
1864 Engagement at Waynesborough, Georgia
1863 Seven solid days of bombardment end at Charleston, S.C. The Union fired 1307 rounds.
1862 Winchester, Va., falls into Union hands, resulting in the capture of 145 Southern soldiers.
1862 Fighting at Cane Hill, Arkansas
1861 Queen Victoria of Britain forbids the export of gunpowder, firearms and all materials for their production.
1861 The US Senate, voting 36 to 0, expels Senator John C. Brekinridge of Kentucky because of his joining the Confederate Army.
1860 President James Buchanan delivers State of the Union report to Congress
1839 Whig party holds its first national presidential nominating convention, in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in which the delegates, influenced by maneuvers to eliminate Henry Clay, nominate William Henry Harrison (09 Feb 1773 04 Apr 1841) for president (he would be overwhelmingly elected and, on 04 March 1841, take office and contract pneumonia from which he would die one month later).[Erroneously listed as 1836 in many online Today in History sites].
1833 American Anti-Slavery Society organizes
1816 James Monroe, Va, elected 5th US president, defeating Federalist Rufus King
1812 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa patents a horse-drawn mower
1808 Napoleón I, sin perder una batalla, logra la capitulación de Madrid y provoca la huida de las tropas españolas hacia el sur, en el contexto de la Guerra de la Independencia Española.
1783 General Washington bids his officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, New York NY
1682 1st General Assembly in Pennsylvania (Chester)
1680 Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th
1674 French Jesuit missionary Jacques Marquette erected a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan, in present_day Illinois. His log cabin became the first building of a settlement that afterward grew to become the city of Chicago.
1619 America's 2nd Thanksgiving Day (Va) [First was in San Elizario, Texas]
1563 Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years
1489 Battle of Baza: Spanish army captures Baza from the Moors
1154 Adrian IV, 54, is elected to the papacy. Born Nicholas Breakspear, near St. Albans, England, he was the only Englishman ever elevated to the office of pope.
2005 At least 14 persons after the 14:30 (09:30 UT) collapse of the concrete roof of the Delfin swimming pool in the village Chusovoi, near Perm, Russia. The dead are 4 women and 10 children aged 3 to 13. Some 20 persons are injured. — (060129)
2004 Two US soldiers of Task Force Olympia, when their patrol in the Palestine neighborhood of Mosul, Iraq, is shot at from two mosques and other buildings. This brings to 1271 the AP body count of US soldiers who have died in Iraq since the US attacked it in March 2003 to eliminate the threat of Iraqi “weapons of mass destruction” (which did not exist). US authorities and news media don't report the body count of innocent Iraqi civilians (or even that of enemy fighters), so that accurate estimates are impossible, but the numbers have to be in the tens of thousands.
2004 Six policemen and another person; and the drivers of two suicide car bombs, nearly simultaneous, in the morning at a police station just across the street from a checkpoint leading into the heavily fortified “Green Zone” of US and puppet headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq. Some 60 persons are wounded.
2004 Jalal Dawood, an official of the PUK, when he opens the door of his home in Hawija, Iraq, is shot by those who had knocked.
2004 A suicide car bomber, 2 bystanders, and 7 peshmerga militiamen from the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) among those arriving from Irbil in their bus into Mosul, Iraq, to protect PUK offices there.
2004 A US soldier, by a roadside bomb in eastern Baghdad. Five US soldiers are wounded.
2004 A US soldier, by a roadside bomb in Ghalabiyah, 10 km west of Baqouba, Iraq.
2003 Jonathan Paul Luna, 38, Black, murdered in the early hours. Later in the morning his body is found, full of small non-immediately-lethal stab wounds and drowned in a creek near Ephrata PA, 110 from his Baltimore office of assistant US attorney, which he left at 23:40 the previous day.
2002 Mustafa Sabah, 35, when Israeli helicopters fired three missiles at the guard house he was manning at a Palestinian Authority compound in Gaza City, blasting a hole through the concrete structure. The Palestinian Popular Resistance Committee said that Sabah assembled the bombs that destroyed three Israeli Merkava-3 tanks since February 2002. Seven tank crew members were killed. The Israeli army modified the tanks to deal with this new threat.
2000 Medusa, sloth, 18, of thirst and starvation since 17 November, by supervisor Tim French who thought she was pregnant (false) and that pregnant sloths hibernate and don't need food or water (false). Sloths are an endangered species. French would resign 11 days later.
1994 Julio Ramón Ribeyro, escritor peruano.
1980 Francisco Sá Carneiro, Primer Ministro de Portugal, su ministro de Defensa, Adelino Amaro da Costa, y otras cinco personas.mueren a causa de un sabotaje en el avión en que viajaban.
1979 Mueren once personas durante el concierto del grupo The Who, en Cincinnati (Estados Unidos).
1976 Benjamin Britten, 63, leading British composer of the mid-20th century, whose operas are considered the finest English operas since those of Henry Purcell in the 17th century..
1974: 191 Moslem pilgrims as Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka
1956 Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer born on 23 December 1891. — more with links to images.
1951 Some 500 in superheated gases rolling down Mount Catarman (Phillippines)
1951 Pedro Salinas, poeta y dramaturgo español.
1934 Lamb, mathematician.
1907 Nathaniel Sichel, German artist born on 08 January 1843.
1856 Lodewyk Tielemans, Belgian artist born in 1826.
1886 Johann Georg Meyer (von Bremen), German painter born on 28 October 1813. The Letter (1873, 65x49cm)
1876 Michael Neher, German artist born on 31 March 1798.
1867 Mme Sophie (Frémiet) Rude, French artist born on 20 June 1797. — more with links to images.
1798 Luigi Galvani, científico y médico italiano.
1792 Antonio Ponz y Piquer, tratadista de arte español.
1732 John Gay, 47, poet. GAY ONLINE: The Beggar's Opera, The Beggar's Opera, The Beggar's Opera.
1697 Jan de Bray, Dutch painter born in 1626 MORE ON DE BRAY AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1679 Thomas Hobbes, English mathematician, but mostly philosopher and political theorist, best known for his publications on individual security and the social contract. HOBBES ONLINE: De Cive -- The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic -- Leviathan . Hobbes was born on 05 April 1588.
1642 Armand Jean Duplessis de Richelieu, cardenal y ministro de Estado francés.
1603 Marten de Vos, Flemish Mannerist painter born in 1532. MORE ON DE VOS AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1594 Fray Domingo de Salazar, religioso español.
1996 Electric Vehicle One, the first modern electric car to be mass-produced, rolls off the GM assembly line. It is offered to users in Los Angeles. It takes between three and twelve hours to charge and can travel 100 to 150 km between charges.
1959 Los fantasmas de mi cerebro, obra teatral de José María Gironella, representada por Enrique Diosdado y Amelia de la Torre,. se estrena en Barcelona.
1952 The Grumman XS2F-1 makes its first flight.
1947 A Streetcar Named Desire, play by Tennessee William, premieres on Broadway starring Marlon Brando and Jessica Tandy. A Streetcar Named Desire, obra teatral de Tennessee Williams, se estrena en Nueva York.
1938 Andre Marrou US Libertarian Presidential candidate (1992)
1932 Roh Tae Woo Taegu South Korea, President South Korea (1988- )
1929 Doña Bárbara, de Rómulo Gallegos , se publica.
1928 Cántico, del poeta Jorge Guillén, se publica.
1927 Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio, escritor español.
1927 William Labov, US linguist, author of The Social Stratification of English in New York City (1966), The Study of Non-Standard English (1969), Sociolinguistic Patterns (1972), Language in the Inner City (1972), What is a Linguistic Fact? (1975), Il Continuo e il Discreto nel Linguaggio (1977).
1923 Charles Keating district attorney (Los Angeles CA)
1908 AD Hershey US, biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969)
1903 Cornell Woolrich US, writer (El Angel Nego)
1898 Xavier Zubiri Apalategui, filósofo español.
1892 Francisco Franco Bahamonde, general who started the Spanish Civil War and winning it became caudillo (dictator) of Spain (1936-1985).
1886 Bieberbach, mathematician.
1883 Felice Casorati, Italian painter, sculptor, and printmaker, who died on 01 March 1963. — more
1875 Johann Hendrik van Mastenbroek, Dutch painter who died in 1945.
1875 Rainer Maria Rilke Germany, poet (Duino Elegies) Rainer María Rilke, escritor austriaco.
1843 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented, Massachusetts
1617 Evaristo Baschenis, Bergamo painter narrowly specialized almost exclusively in still-lives of stringed musical instruments. He died in 1677. MORE ON BASCHENIS AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1584 John Cotton, English-born Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony (The Way of the Church of Christ in New England)
1541 La ciudad de Santa Fe de Antioquía (Colombia) es fundada por el mariscal español Jorge Robledo, con el nombre de Antiochia.
1443 Giuliano della Rovere, future Pope Julius II (28 Nov 1503 20 Feb 1513), patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael