a 03 December:
2003 Archbishop of Baghdad Emmanuel-Karim Delly [photo >] is appointed patriarch of Babylon, spiritual leader of the estimated 1 million Chaldean Catholics around the world. He takes the name Emmanuel III Delly. He was born on 06 October 1927 and ordained a priest on 21 December 1952. He was first appointed bishop (Auxiliary of Babylon) on 07 December 1962. He succeeds Raphaël I Bidawid [07 Apr 1922 – 07 Jul 2003] who had been appointed patriarch on 21 May 1989.
2002 At Christie's in London is held the auction “100 Years of the Teddy Bear” in which hundreds of vintage teddy bears are sold. The top price, $51'520, is paid by the Canadian museum Ydessa Hendeles Art Foundation for a very rare hot-water bottle teddy bear made by the German firm Steiff. It has blonde mohair, black boot button eyes, pronounced clipped muzzle, black stitched nose, mouth and claws, swivel head, jointed elongated limbs with felt pads, hump, opening at front seam fastened with brass hooks, brown lace and rare original water canister --50cm high (hand pads replaced, missing one top hook, some thinning to face, chest, left arm and left foot and two holes in left foot pad). This novelty teddy was expected to be a great success, but surprisingly there was very litte interest in the bear, only 90 examples were made from 1907 to 1914. It is believed that this is the only example outside of the Steiff archive to still have his original water canister.
For $44'300 is sold an exceptionally rare Steiff black teddy bear an exceptionally rare Steiff black teddy bear with long black mohair, boot button eyes with red felt disc backing, pronounced clipped muzzle with black stitched nose, mouth and claws, swivel head, jointed elongated limbs with beige felt pads, hump and button in ear -- 50 high (generally very good condition with minor wear, nose restitched except for two strands, slight thinning to muzzle, very minor thinning to front of body and seam of hump, right arm thinning between central claws, small patch inside arm 1cm. diameter, left arm with small bald patch at top of wrist and tip of paw, both ankles have some repair, but plenty of fur to cover any damage, very slight bald patches and thinning to heels and tips of feet, large holes in all pads, patched from the inside retaining all remaining original pad). It was made after the 14 April 1912 sinking of the Titanic, when England. was in mourning. This teddy bear is one of only 50 dozen black Steiff bears ordered for England during this sad period. Everything and everyone was in black, including this bear.
1997 Delegates from 131 countries met in Ottawa, Canada, to sign the Convention on the Prohibition, Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines. 123 nations signed, but not the United States, Russia, nor China.
1997 El Fondo Monetario Internacional concede el mayor préstamo de su historia, un total de $55'000 millones, a Corea del Sur, con el fin de aliviar la crisis financiera que atraviesa el país.
1997: 700'000 trabajadores israelíes secundan una huelga para protestar por los planes de privatización y la reforma del sistema de pensiones llevados a cabo por el gobierno de Benjamín Netanyahu, lo que deja al país prácticamente paralizado.
1995 El presidente de Estados Unidos, Bill Clinton; el de la Comisión Europea, Jacques Santer; y el presidente de turno de la Unión Europea, Felipe González Márquez, firman en Madrid la Nueva Agenda Transatlántica, que regirá las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea en el umbral del siglo XXI.
1995 South Korean police arrested former president Chun Doo Hwan on charges of orchestrating the December 1979 military coup that brought him to power.
1993 El gobernador de Barcelona, Ferrán Cardenal, sustituye a Luis Roldán Ibáñez como director de la Guardia Civil.
1992 The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to authorize a US-led multinational force to Somalia.
1992 Roman Catholic officials in Boston agree to pay compensation to 68 persons who claimed they were sexually abused 25 years earlier by priest James Porter.
1991 El Gobierno de Kenia acepta la legalización de los partidos de la oposición, tras décadas de monopartidismo.
| 1990 Mary Robinson es nombrada presidenta de Irlanda.
1978 Luis Herrera Campins es elegido presidente de la República de Venezuela.
1975 Laos falls to communist forces; Lao People's Democratic Republic proclaimed
1970 Comienza en España el proceso de Burgos, que duró veintiséis días y en el que se dictó sentencia de muerte para seis miembros de ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna).
1969 La Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos aprueba el plan de paz del presidente Richard Milhous Nixon para el Vietnam.
1968 Costa Rica cierra su frontera con Panamá a causa de la presencia de guerrilleros partidarios del depuesto presidente Arnulfo Arias.
1967 The Twentieth Century Limited, the famed luxury train, completes its final run from New York to Chicago.
| 1958 Antoni Tàpies es galardonado con el premio
Carnegie de pintura.
1951 Duros enfrentamientos entre soldados ingleses y egipcios en el canal de Suez.
1950 Las fuerzas de la ONU se retiran de Corea. (???)
1948 First news of the Whittaker Chambers spy case: microfilm of secret American documents was found in a pumpkin on the former magazine editor's Maryland farm, allegedly from Alger Hiss for delivery to a Communist power.
1932 Kurt von Schleicher es nombrado canciller de Alemania.
1929 US President Herbert Hoover, very mistakenly, declares to Congress that the nation has shaken off the impact of the recent stock market crash and regained its faith in the economy.
1929 The Ford Motor Co. raised the pay of its employees from $5 to $7 a day despite the collapse of the American stock market.
1924 Estalla en Perú un movimiento revolucionario dirigido por Oscar Raimundo Benavides.
1920 Turkey and Armenia agree to peace treaty.
1918 En España, Manuel García Prieto presenta la dimisión de su Gobierno a consecuencia de las discrepancias sobre la petición de autonomía de Cataluña.
1916 El general francés Joseph Joffre dimite como comandante en jefe del Ejército, y es reemplazado por el general Robert Georges Nivelle, tras el fracaso de la ofensiva aliada en el Somme, en el contexto de la Primera Guerra Mundial.
1903 Se firma en París el acta final de la Conferencia Sanitaria Internacional sobre las Epidemias.
| 1883 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
1868 Trial of Jefferson Davis starts; 1st blacks on US trial jury
1847 Frederick Douglass publishes 1st issue of his newspaper "North Star"
1863 Siege of Knoxville, Tennessee concludes.
1855 Se decreta en Perú la abolición de la esclavitud.
1842 Baldomero Espartero ordena el bombardeo de Barcelona para acabar con la sublevación contra su Gobierno.
1836 Tras dos días de debates, las Cortes Españolas acuerdan negociar el reconocimiento de la independencia de los Nuevos Estados de la América Española.
1828 Andrew Jackson is elected 7th president of US
1810 Los ingleses se apoderan de la isla Mauricio, en el Océano Indico.
1621 Galileo perfects the telescope
1586 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England, from Colombia
1563 Se celebra la vigésimo quinta y última sesión del Concilio de Trento.
1557 Under the leadership of John Knox, the Protestants of Scotland sign their "First Covenant" at Edinburgh, uniting Presbyterians under the name: "Congregation of the Lord.
1170 Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket, 52, returns to England after six years of exile in France. (Becket would be martyred on December 29th of this year killed by soldiers sent by his former friend, English King Henry II.)
0741 St Zachary begins his reign as Pope.
2004 Fourteen persons by car bomb at the Shiite Hameed al-Najar mosque, in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood Azamiyah, in Baghdad, Iraq. 19 persons are wounded. Sheik Ahmed Hassan Al-Taha, imam of the Sunni Abu Hanifa mosque in the same neighborhood, comments: “Iraqi resistance has nothing to do with bombing mosques and churches and killing innocent people in markets and streets. These acts are against the law of God.”
2004 Sixteen policemen when guerrillas in 11 cars attack with rocket-propelled grenades and small arms fire a police station in the Amil district of Baghdad, Iraq, near the road to the airport. They kill 16 policemen , loot weapons, release prisoners and set fire to cars. Several policemen and prisoners are wounded. On a web site, the terrorist group “al-Qaida in Iraq”, headed by the Jordanian Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, brags of its success in this attack, claiming to have killed 30, with only 2 survivors escaping.
2004 All members of two police patrols in the western Baghdad area of Nafq al-Shorta neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, according to bragging by “al-Qaida in Iraq”.
2004 One policeman some 25 of the attackers of four police stations in Mosul, Iraq. Two policemen are wounded. Three attackers are captured.
2004 A US soldier on patrol near Kirkuk, Iraq, by a roadside bomb. Two US soldiers are wounded.
2004 A suicide car bomber and two US Marines of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force, at their forward operating base near Iraq's border with Jordan.
2004 Shiing-shen Chern, mathematician, naturalized US citizen, born in China on 26 October 1911. His area of research was differential geometry where he studied the (now named) Chern characteristic classes in fibre spaces. These are important not only in mathematics but also in mathematical physics. He worked on characteristic classes during his 1943-1945 visit to Princeton and, also at that time, he gave a now famous proof of the Gauss-Bonnet formula.
2003 Richard Chester “Jeff” Brown, 77, of a heart attack while walking near home. He was a New York City magazine editor and short-story writer who authored the children's books Flat Stanley (1964) , Stanley and the Magic Lamp, Stanley in Space, Stanley's Christmas Adventure, Invisible Stanley, and Stanley, Flat Again!.
2002 Fatima Mohammad Hasson Abeid, 95, Palestinian woman from Ramallah, shot in the back by an Israeli soldier who fired 17 shots while running after the taxi in which she was, on the dirt road between the Surda and Ayosh junctions north of Ramallah, because it was heading toward a road forbidden to Palestinians, though it posed no threat to anyone.
1990:: 8 soldiers and 5 civilians as soldiers seize Argentina's army headquarters two days before President Bush is due to visit. The rebellion is quickly put down. El Ejército argentino aplasta la rebelión del coronel Mohamed Alí Seineldín [12 Nov 1933~] y sus militares carapintadas. —(071129)
1989 Melissa Brannen, 5, abducted and murdered by Caleb Hughes, who would be convicted based on the evidence of fibers found in his car matching Melissa's clothing. Her body would never be found.
1957 Frank E Gannett, 81, newspaper publisher dies at 81
1956 Felix Bernstein, mathematician.
1956 Alexandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko, Russian painter, sculptor, designer, and photographer born on 05 December (23 November Julian) 1891, an important member of the Constructivist movement. LINKS
1853 Nicolás Rodríguez Peña, político argentino.
1851 Le représentant Baudin, sur une barricade en tentant, mais en vain, de soulever le peuple de Paris contre le coup d'état de Louis-Napoléon.
1789 Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter born on 14 August 1714. . MORE ON VERNET AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1719 François Marot (or Maret), French artist born in 1666.
1552 Saint Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary, in China, where he contracted a fever while waiting for permission to preach.
1352 Clement, pope, by lightning. He acquired Avignon in France for the papacy. He defended the Franciscans against their enemies, preached a failed crusade, treated the Jews with kindness, raised taxes to support a luxurious papal court, and showed courage during the Black Death.
1154 Anastasius IV,.the pope who restored the Pantheon building.
0780 San Virgilio, obispo y apóstol irlandés.
1960 Camelot, the musical, opens on Broadway.
1953 Kismet, the musical, opens on Broadway.
1952 Mel Smith author (Morons From Outer Space) [Has anyone thought of writing Mormons From Outer Space ?]
1949 La Alta Comisaría de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados (ACNUR) se crea.
1947 A Streetcar Named Desire, play by Tennessee Williams, opens on Broadway.
1946 Poemas de Alberto Caeiro y Odas de Ricardo Reis, de Fernando Antonio Nogueira Pessoa, se publican.
1934 Nicolas Coster London, (Lionel-Santa Barbara, Electric Horseman)
1926 El huésped del sevillano, zarzuela del maestro Jacinto Guerrero y Torres, se estrena en el teatro Apolo de Madrid.
1924 John Backus, mathematician, inventor of the FORTRAN computer language.
1917 Manuel Solís Palma, político panameño.
1917 Quebec Bridge opens. At the time, it was the world's longest cantilever truss span, (in which stiff trusses extend from the bridge piers, without additional support).
1915 Manuel Tuñón de Lara, historiador español.
1908 C.F.D. Moule, Anglican clergyman and New Testament scholar. He authored numerous autographs on Biblical studies, including The Phenomenology of the New Testament (1967).
1902 Mitsuo Fuchida, the pilot who flew the lead plane in Japan's air attack on Pearl Harbor (12/7/1941). Following WWII, through representatives of the Pocket Testament League, Fuchida was converted to Christianity in 1950.
1900 Richard Kuhn Austria, biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel '38)
1889 Los amantes del miserable, poema de Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón, casi adolescente, se publica y le abre las puertas de la fama.
1883 Anton (Friedrich Wilhelm) von Webern Vienna Austria, 12-tone composer
1843 Daniele Ranzoni, Italian artist who died on 20 October 1889. — more with links to images.
1830 Lord Frederick Leighton, English Pre-Raphaelite painter and sculptor who died on 25 January 1896. MORE ON LEIGHTON AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1755 Gilbert Stuart, US painter specialized in portraits, who died on 09 July 1828. MORE ON STUART AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1729 Padre Antonio Soler Olot Spain, composer (Fandango)
1684 Ludvig Baron Holberg, a founder of Danish & Norwegian literature
1621 Pieter Gysels (or Gheysels, Gyzens, Gysen), Flemish painter who died in 1690. — more with links to images.
1368 Charles VI [the Well-Beloved], king of France (1380-1422)