a 28 August:
2287 Mars is at its closest to the Earth since it was at 55'760'000 km on 27 August 2003 at 09:51 UT.
2002 Nicholas Michael Farber, 9 [< photos >], is abducted at 02:00 from his father's rented room in Palm Desert, California, by two gunmen, the taller one with a nylon stocking over his heads, as phoned at 02:08 by his father, Michael Farber, manager of a Mexican restaurant, who is beaten up.
The boy's mother, Debra Rose, 38, of Colorado Springs, Colorado, is divorced from the father since 1995 (they were married in 1991, the third of her five marriages all ended by divorce).
She is also divorced from Stanley Rose, who says that she is a drug addict (as does Michael Farber), and, on 05 August 2002 obtained a restraining order (expiring on 21 August 2002) to keep her away from him and their children, Winter Rose, 6, and Dane Rose, 5. When she violated the restraining order, she was arrested on 15 August and held for one day.
That is when Michael Farber, alerted by Stanley Rose, flew to Colorado and took Nicholas to California, where a court granted him temporary custody on 23 August 2002. There was to be a hearing on 05 September 2002 to consider making the custody permanent.
On 30 August 2002 Nicholas would be found at a campground in Jamul, California, with his mother [< photo] and Michael J. Riley, 48, who are both arrested. Riley is not one of the two kidnapping gunmen, but he is wanted for financial crimes in Nebraska and in Arizona.
2002 Transparency International publishes its Corruption Perceptions Index 2002, rating 102 countries for each of which there was at least three surveys by independent institutions, on the perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people, academics and risk analysts, between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt). The top three countries are Finland (9.7), Denmark (9.5), and New Zealand (9.5). The bottom three are: Bangladesh (1.2), Nigeria (1.6), Angola (1.7), Madagascar (1.7), and Paraguay (1.7). The US is 16th (7.7). Hong Kong is 14th (8.2), listed separately from China (59th, 3.5). The median score is Croatia's 3.8, being 51st. Only 32 countries have a score above 5.
2001 In a Campos, Brazil, cemetery, Pedro da Silva Correa, 43, pushes the cement lid off the tomb in which he was and climbs out. Covered with blood, he walked to the hospital. There they find lodged in his head one of the bullets with which a rival drug gang had shot him the previous day, after kidnapping and tying him up as he was on his way home to a shantytown. The gang then left Correa for dead inside a closed tomb.
2001 In Los Angeles, poor Mexican immigrant Asunción Franco Gonzalez, turns in to police, unopened, a suitcase~sized plastic bag of cash, which he found lying in the street. He is told the bag contains $203'000 and that he has earned a $25'000 reward. The bag had fallen out of the back of an AT Systems armored truck the previous evening.
2000 In the gulf of Manfredonia, off the southern coast of Italy, free dolphin Filippo saves a 14-year-old boy from drowning. The boy, who cannot swim, had fallen overboard from a boat. Filippo, well known to the local people, pushes the boy up and carries him back to the boat.
1995 MS Word computer virus The National Computer Security Association posts a virus alert, warning Microsoft Word users of a widespread virus, "Prank Macro." It is not as destructive as several other viruses spread through transferred files, but it could be irritating and troublesome. The virus turns normal documents into document templates, which are more difficult to work with.
1992 Tandy announces television-computer, a digital compact disc machine that would turn television sets into computers controlled by a remote control instead of a keyboard. Although several other companies also tried to introduce hybrid television-computers, combination television-computers did not catch on with the public.
1991 Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev ordered a shake-up of the KGB and sacked his cabinet in the wake of the failed coup by hard-liners
1990 Iraq declares Kuwait its 19th province
1986 US Navy officer Jerry A Whitworth sentenced to 365 years for spying
1983 Israeli PM Menachem Begin announces resignation
1981 The US national Center for Disease Control, noting a high incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and pneumocystis in homosexual men, announced a medical task force had been formed to find out why. It was later determined the increased number of illnesses was caused by AIDS. 1991: Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev ordered a shake-up of the KGB and sacked his cabinet in the wake of the failed coup by hard-liners
1981 John Hinckley Jr. pleads innocent in attempt to kill President Reagan
| 1972 President Nixon announces that the military draft
will end by July 1973.
1964 The first weather satellite capable of providing nighttime cloud photos is launched. It would transmit some 27'000 pictures of hurricanes and typhoons before it stopped working in September that same year.
1945 Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.
1944 German forces in Toulon and Marseilles, France, surrender to the Allies.
| 1941 The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British
and renamed Graph.
1916 Italy's declaration of war against Germany took effect during World War I.
1914 Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I.
1861 Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, falls to Union troops after a two-day operation, closing an important outlet from Pamlico Sound to Confederate blockade runners.
1835 The New York Sun publishes the 4th instalment of a Moon hoax story about John Herschel [07 Mar 1792 – 11 May 1871]. The whole story appears in 6 instalments from 25 through 31 August 1835.
1789 Sir William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus
1776 Battle of Long Island
1655 New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
1645 In Poland, King Vladislav IV convenes the Conference of Thorn. He seeks to bring reunion among the 26 Catholic, 28 Lutheran and 24 Calvinist theologians in attendance. Discussions would continue through November, but no theological agreement be achieved.
1609 Delaware Bay discovered by Henry Hudson for the Netherlands.
2005 Alexander Gallon, 4 months [photo >], in fire at his home in Cowgate, Newcastle, England. His mother, Danielle Wails, 21, home alone with him, says that she was in the kitchen when two men came in through the open front door at 22:30 (21:30 UT). They punched and kicked her. She passed out after falling to the ground and was dragged to the tiny living room where her son was sleeping on the sofa. The men set the house on fire and left. When Danielle Wails regained consciousness the room was filling with smoke and she was tied up with a telephone cord. She managed to dial 999 with her tongue and scream for help through the letterbox. This story is not believed by the authorities and, on 02 September 2005, she would be charged with the murder of the baby. Fire crews rescue her and her son. They are taken to Newcastle General Hospital but Alexander is dead. The baby's father, Robert Gallon, 21, did not live with Ms Wails. (050902)
2005 A suicide bomber, during the morning rush hour, in the center of Be'er Sheva, Negev capital, Israel, severely injuring the two Israeli security guard who were pursuing him after the driver of a nearby bus pointed him out as suspicious because of the backpack and bag he was carrying. No one else is hurt. —(050828)
2003 Brian Douglas Wells, [photo >] born on 15 November 1956, at 15:18 (19:18 UT) by a 12cm-diameter hole in his chest made by an unsophisticated bomb attached to a sophisticated neck collar secured by 5 locks [< photo]. He is is pleading that the bomb be removed, while he is sitting handcuffed near to a police car, 40 minutes after robbing the Peach Street PNC branch bank in Summit Town Centre, Erie, Pennsylvania. Wells, a 27-hour-a-week pizza delivery man (for Mama Mia's Pizza-Ria in Millcreek Township), had told the police which arrested him that false customers at the Peach Street address of a TV tower in an outlying area had fitted him with the bomb, set a timer, and ordered him to rob the bank. This does not explain why he did not go, instead of to the bank, to a police station and ask to be saved [unless the criminal(s) convinced him that their device had a listening and tracking capability]. It does not explain either why the criminal(s) would have concocted a plan likely to fail, because of the silent alarm in banks (of which Wells seemed unaware) and the insufficient time for Wells to return with the loot [if Wells failed to follow the criminal instructions in detail, and the bomb exploded prematurely]. The acquaintances of Wells, who lived alone, unmarried, say that he was mild and friendly, quite incapable of having planned or even willingly participated in such a robbery. Police find in Wells' car a specially made gun in the shape of a walking cane. — In Colombia, in May 2000, in what was believed to be an extortion attempt, a collar packed with explosives and placed around the neck of a 53-year-old woman exploded, killing her and a bomb technician trying to disarm it. In the summer of 2003, Colombian rebels were accused of using a "necklace bomb" to try to extort money from a Venezuelan rancher. Police were able to disarm that bomb. — Losing Face, an episode (which last aired on 07 July 2003) of the CBS TV drama CSI: Miami, was about a serial bomber suspected of attaching an explosive collar to the neck of a wealthy Colombian importer in Miami. — On 31 August 2003, Robert Pinetti, 43, dies of a drug overdose in his home in Eire. He was a friend and co-worker of Wells at the pizzeria.
2003 At least 22 persons, many of them children riding home from school, in vehicles which plunge into the rain-swollen Damanganga river when a 100m section of the recently renovated bridge connecting Nani Daman and Moti Daman collapses, at 13:30, in Diu and Daman Union territory, India. More than 20 persons are injured.
2003 Javid Ahmad Shah; his bodyguard; and Roshan Lal Javid; and two gunmen who, at 19:00 the previous day, had entered the Greenway Hotel in Srinagar, Indian-occupied Kashmir, to assassinate Shah, a former member of state legislative council, and held off police for nearly 12 hours. Police fired mortars, which started a fire. [photo >] Javid was editor of the Urdu daily Wattan. At least 12 persons are injured.
1988:: 18 Koreme men: Sagvan Huseen-Kader, 16; Shaaban Huseen-Kader, 14; Khalil Mohamed-Abdullah, 43;Adnan Khalil-Mohamed, 13; Morad Othman-Mostafa, 19; Zahir Mostafa-Saleh, 39; Zober Mostafa-Saleh, 37; Chaban Hamdy-Mostafa, 25; Abdulsalam Khalil-Mohamed, 26; Hameed Abdullah-Kader, 23; Sedeek Abdullah-Kader, 17; Salam Hasen-Merza, 20; Saleh Hasen-Merza, 16; Fatah Mohamed-Fatah, 15; Abdulrahman Huseen-Omer, 38; Haje Soleman-Esmaeel, 38; Khaled Mostafa-Esmaeel, 25; Salah Mostafa-Esmaeel, 23; — and 9 Chalkey men: Akram Shareef-Fatah, 34; Abdulsata Shareef-Fatah, 24; Mosa Shareef-Fatah, 18; Fadel Hasen-Taha, 19; Rasheed Jaafer-Taha, 19; Mohamed Yacoob-Kasem, 38; Morad Hakeem-Yacoob, 24; Ahmed Yacoob-Kasem, 39; Norey Abdulkader-Fatah, 34; lined up and shot by Iraqi troops of dictator Saddam Hussein, in the village of Koreme (near the village of Chalkey), in Iraqi-occupied Kurdistan, as part of the genocide of Kurds.
1973 More than 520 persons in earthquake, central Mexico
1965 More than 50 Viet Cong as their forces are routed in the Mekong Delta by US forces.
1903 Frederick Law Olmsted, author. OLMSTED ONLINE: A Journey Through Texas: or, A Saddle-Trip on the Southwestern Frontier
1862 Albrecht Adam, German painter born on 16 April 1786. — more
1818 Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, trader, founder of Chicago.
1789 Dionys Nymegen, Dutch artist born on 07 April 1795.
1727 Aart de Gelder, Dutch painter born on 26 October 1645, first trained by Samuel van Hoogstraten, and then was the last and most devoted pupil of Rembrandt. MORE ON DE GELDER AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1689 Alart Coosemans, Flemish artist born on 19 March 1627.
1676 Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, killed by English soldiers, ending the war between Indians and colonists.
1665 Elisabetta Sirani, Italian Baroque era painter, poisoned (according to her father). She was born on 08 January 1638. MORE ON SIRANI AT ART 4 2~DAY with links to images.
1652 Benjamin-Gerritszoon Cuyp, Dutch painter born in 1612 MORE ON CUYP AT ART 4 2~DAY with links to images.
1952 Rita Dove, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.
1939 John Frank Charles Kingman, English mathematical statistician. Author of Poisson Processes (1993).
1916 C Wright Mills sociologist, writer (The Power Elite)
1910 Paul Turán, Budapest Jewish mathematician who died on 26 September 1976.
1908 Roger Tory Peterson NY, ornithologist, author of the innovative bird book A Field Guide to Birds.
1907 United Parcel Service begins service, in Seattle
1906 Sir John Betjeman poet laureate of England (Mt Zion)
1812 Rudolf von Alt, Viennese painter who died on 12 March 1905. MORE ON VON ALT AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.—(060827)
1903 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian psychologist, educator of autistic and emotionally disturbed children,. writer (Uses of Enchantment)
1896 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish novelist and short-story writer.
1883 Jan A. Schouten who would work on tensor analysis and its applications.
1878 George Hoyt Whipple, US pathologist, who died on 01 February 1976. He shared with George R. Minot [02 Dec 1885 – 25 Feb 1950] and William P. Murphy [06 Feb 1892 – 09 Oct 1987] the 1934 Nobel Medicine prize, for the treatment of anemia which he discovered in dogs and they applied to humans.
1867 Maxime Bôcher US mathematician who died on 12 September 1918. He worked on differential equations, series, and algebra.
1833 Edward Coley Jones Burne~Jones, British Pre-Raphaelite painter, illustrator, and designer who died on 17 June 1898. MORE ON BURNE~JONES AT ART 4 2~DAY with links to images.
1812 Rudolf von Alt, Viennese painter, draftsman, and printmaker who died on 12 March 1905. — more
1810 Constant Troyon, French painter, who died on 20 March 1865. MORE ON TROYON AT ART 4 MARCH with links to images.
1806 Jacob Thompson, British artist who died on 27 December 1879.
1801 Cournot, mathematician
1799 Auguste-Xavier Leprince, French painter and lithographer who died on 24 December 1826. — more
1796 Irénée-Jules Bienaymé, Parisian mathematician who died on 19 October 1878. He worked on statistics and probability.
1774 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph and the first US-born saint.
1789 Dionys Nymegen (or Nijmegen), Dutch painter born on 07 April 1795.
1689 Alexander (Alart) Coosemans, Flemish artist born on 19 March 1627.
1623 Frederick (Friedrich) van Valkenborch (or Falkenburg), Flemish artist born in 1570 (or 1556?)