a 26 August:
2005 Former rebel leader Pierre Nkurunziza [18 Dec 1963–] takes office as Presidentt of Burundi. He was elected by parliament on 19 August 2005.
2002 Gateway (GTW) introduces its new all-in-one Profile 4 computer, resembling the floating, flat-screen IMac of Apple (AAPL), with either a 15- or 17-inch flat-screen monitor connected to the computer's keyboard. Like the IMac, the Profile 4 offers various disk-drive options including CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, CD-RW, and combination a CD-RW/DVD-ROM drive. Unlike the IMac, the Profile 4 runs on either Pentium 4 or Celeron high-speed processors, both produced by Intel (INTC). It also includes graphics delivered via chips made by Nvidia (NVDA). An entry-level Profile 4 will cost $999 compared to the $1299 starting point for the IMac.
1991 In an address to the Supreme Soviet, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev promised national elections in a last-ditch effort to preserve his government, but leaders of Soviet republics told him the hour of central power had passed.
| 1985 The Yugo car, manufactured in Yugoslavia, is introduced
to the US market as a lower-cost alternative, it would quickly became infamous
for its poor quality of construction and be the butt of many jokes.
1942 7000 Jews rounded up in Vichy Free Zone of France
1940 The LaSalle car, manufactured by Cadillac, is discontinued after fourteen years of production. Intended to boost profits during a lag in luxury car sales, the LaSalle was a moderately priced alternative to the opulence of the Cadillac. The company chose to market the car under a new name so as not to lessen the value of the Cadillac name.
| 1863 Engagement at White Sulpher Springs, West Virginia
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1847 Liberia is proclaimed an independent republic.
1498 In Rome, Italian artist Michelangelo Buonarroti, 23 [06 March 1475 18 February 1564], is commissioned by Pope Alexander VI to carve the Pietà (or another photo, with details) Mary lamenting over the dead body of Jesus, whom she holds across her lap). The work was completed in 1501.
1429 Joan of Arc makes a triumphant entry into Paris.
1017 Turks defeat the Byzantine army under Emperor Romanus IV at Manikert, Eastern Turkey.
55 B.C. Roman forces under Julius Caesar invade Britain.
2006 Harbhajan Singh Sabharwal, 62, a professor, after suffering violence from students belonging to the ABVP (Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad = All-India Student Council) because he cancelled students' union elections which he was supervizing at Madhav College in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India. —(060831)
2006 Mary Ellen Hickey, 17, at 05:30 (09:30 UT) in fire at her apartment above a laundromat in Loyall, Harlan County, Kentucky, started in the neighboring apartment, by a burning cigarette left on a couch by one of the four drunks there, who all escape. —(060827)
2005 Gerard “Gerry” Fitt, Northern Irish Catholic moderate politician, born on 09 April 1926. In August 1970 he founded the Social Democratic and Labour Party, a socialist and Irish nationalist party.
2005:: 15 children (one not yet born) and 3 adults, in a fire which started at 00:17 (22:17 UT on 25 Aug) at the bottom of the wooden stairs of the dilapidated 7-story apartment building at the corner 20 boulevard Vincent Auriol and 2 rue Edmond-Flamand, Paris 13e. Some 30 persons are injured by 02:02 (00:02 UT) when firefighters bring the fire under control. The building is owned by the government and mismanaged by the charity France Europe Habitat to “temporarily” .house in 12 apartments 12 African immigrant polygamous families (from Mali mostly, some from Senegal, Ivory Coast, and Gambia): 27 adults and 100 children. Dramana Diarra, who escaped by jumping out of a window and is seriously injured, is the father of 6 of the dead children. Moussa Touré, 47, another survivor, lived in the building since 1992 when he first applied for permanent housing..
2003 Yunis al-Hamalawi, 70, (or Hassan Hemlawi, 65), peaceful Palestinian shopkeeper sitting in front of his water-pipe store (or driving a donkey cart) on a crowded street between Gaza City and the Jabaliya refugee camp, by missiles fired from Israeli helicopters attempting to kill Hamas militants Khaled Masoud, Wa'al Akilan, and Massoud Abu Sahila, who escape by leaping from their car. 26 innocent Palestinian bystanders, including 5 children, are wounded.
2002 Joann Ball, 35; her sons Jerry Ball, 18, Tony Ball, 16, and John Ball, 14; her mother Mila Ruth Ball, 62; and her husband Willie Hasley, 40, shot in the evening near Rutledge, Crenshaw county, Alabama, at Joann's mobile home and Mila's nearby house, by unemployed Westley Devone Harris, 22, mate of Janice Denise Ball, 16 (daughter of Joann Ball), and father of her 1-year-old baby, who would be arrested on 30 August 2002 (he is out on bond after a 02 November arrest for distribution of crack cocaine).
1984 Truman Capote, author.
1981 Roger Nash Baldwin founder of the ACLU
1977 HA Rey, 78, author of popular constellation book
1977 Robert Schatten, eccentric Polish US mathematician born on 28 January 1911. He initiated the study of tensor products of Banach spaces, applying this subject to linear transformations on Hilbert space; the Schatten Classes are named after him.
1929 Thomas John l'Anson Bromwich, suicide, English mathematician born on 08 February 1875. Author of An introduction to the theory of infinite series (1908), Quadratic Forms and their Classification by Means of Invariant Factors (1906).
1894 Celia (Laighton) Thaxter, author. THAXTER ONLINE: Idyls and Pastorals Poems for Children
1850 Louis-Philippe, born on 06 October 1773, who (full coverage) on 09 August 1830 became king of the French.
1826 William Clark Tyler, author under the pseudonym Royall Tyler. TYLER ONLINE: The Contrast, The Contrast
1816 Robert Fagan, Irish artist, suicide. MORE ON FAGAN AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1789 Pierre-François Delaunay, French artist born on 21 December 1759.
1752 Jacques-François Courtin, French peintre ordinaire du roi, born in 1672.
1572 Petrus Ramus (Pierre de la Ramée), French philosopher, mathematician, educator.
1349 Thomas Bradwardine, English Catholic priest, theologian, philosopher, logician, physicist, mathematician, born in 1295 (approximately). Author of De proportionibus velocitatum in motibus (1328) — On insolubles — Speculative geometry — Speculative arithmetic — On the continuum — On future contingents — In defence of God against the Pelagians and on the power of causes.
1983 The National Commission on Excellence in Education is created by US Secretary of Education T. H. Bell. The result of the Commission's work would be the 26 April 1983 publication of “An Open Letter to the American People” A Nation At Risk: The Imperative For Educational Reform.
1935 Geraldine Ferraro (Rep-D-NY) 1st female major-party VP candidate in the US.
1933 Ben J. Wattenberg, author.
1906 Dr Albert B Sabin polio vaccine discoverer
1906 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist and playwright, author of Goodbye to Berlin, the inspiration for the play I am a Camera and the musical and film Cabaret.
1904 Christopher Isherwood England, novelist/playwright (I Am a Camera)
1901 Gen Maxwell D Taylor, former US Army chief of staff
1899 Wolfgang Krull, German mathematician who died on 12 April 1971. In 1925 he proved the Krull-Schmidt theorem for decomposing abelian groups of operators. In 1928 he defined the Krull dimension of a commutative Noetherian ring. In 1932 he defined valuations (in ring theory) which are today known as Krull valuations.
1901 The New Testament of the American Standard Version Bible is first published. This US edition of the 1881 English Revised Version (ERV) comprised the first major US Bible translation since the King James Version of 1611.
1885 Louis Henri Jean FARIGOULE ps: Jules Romains France, novelist/dramatist/poet (Men of Good Will)
1884 Earl Derr Biggers author ("Charlie Chan" detective series) BIGGERS ONLINE: The Agony Column)
1880 Guillaume Apollinaire de Kostrowitsky, poet who in his 38-year life took part in all the avant-garde movements that flourished in French literary and artistic circles at the beginning of the 20th century and who helped to direct poetry into unexplored channels.
1875 Giuseppe Vitali, Italian mathematician and (before Mussolini's dictatorship) Socialist politician, who died on 29 February 1932.
1875 John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir of Elsfield, Scotland, [photo >] writer and governor general of Canada, famous for The Thirty-Nine Steps,.which the perfect combination of fine writing and suspense-filled plot makes an engaging novel of intrigue, which was adapted to the screen by Hitchcock in 1935. Written in 1915, we follow protagonist Richard Hannay through England and the lowlands of Scotland as he eludes the police (after him for a murder he did not commit) and spies, and keeps Europe from war. Buchan died on 11 February 1940
BUCHAN ONLINE: Greenmantle Greenmantle — The Moon Endureth — The Moon Endureth Mr. Standfast Mr. Standfast — The Path of the King — The Power-House — Prester John — Prester John — The Thirty-Nine Steps The Thirty-Nine Steps The Thirty~Nine Steps
1874 Zona Gale, author of the stage play Miss Lulu Bett (GALE ONLINE:)
1859 John William Mackail, editor of Select Epigrams from the Greek Anthology
1850 Charles Richet French physiologist (anaphylaxisNobel 1913)
1848 Édouard Joseph Dantan, French Academic painter who died on 07 July 1897. MORE ON DANTAN AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1824 Martha Darley Mutrie, British artist who died on 30 December 1885.
1791, Steamboat patented. John Fitch is granted a United States patent for the steamboat. Four years earlier, on 22 August 1787, Fitch demonstrated the first successful steamboat, launching a forty-five-foot craft on the Delaware River in the presence of delegates from the Constitutional Convention. He went on to build a larger steamboat which carried passengers and freight between Philadelphia and Burlington, New Jersey. Fitch was granted his patent after a battle with James Rumsey over claims to the invention.
1779 Henri Voordecker, Belgian artist who died in December 1861.
1743 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier Paris, the father of modern chemistry who defined the role of oxygen and named it. He would be guillotined on 19 floréal an II (08 May 1794) for being a fermier général who had (like all others) allegedly put into tobacco water and other substances harmful to the health of users. The tribunal commented La République n'a pas besoin de savants. Portrait of Lavoisier by David.
1740 Joseph Montgolfier France, aeronaut (ballooning)
1728 Johann Heinrich Lambert, German mathematician who died on 25 September 1777. He was the first to provide a rigorous proof that p (pi) is irrational. Author of the non-Euclidean Theorie der Parallellinien (1766).
1676 Sir Robert Walpole, 1st earl of Orford, generally regarded as the first British prime minister (Whig, 1721-1742). He deliberately cultivated a frank, hearty manner, but his political subtlety has scarcely been equaled. He died on 18 March 1745.