a 10 August:
2002 Physician-cure-yourself department: In Hyndman (39º49'15"N 78º43'16"W), Pennsylvania, the firehouse and the volunteer firefighters' trucks and equipment suffers half-a-million dollars of damage from a fire, probably started by an electrical short. Firefighters from nearby Maryland put out the fire after 90 minutes and lend a fire truck and equipment to Hyndman.
1997 El ejército israelí realiza un bombardeo a pocos kilómetros de la frontera con Siria, lo que volverá a poner en crisis el intento de paz entre palestinos y israelíes.
1995 Netscape shares surge from $28 to $72
Netscape, developer of Navigator, popular web browser, goes public with what turns out to be the largest Initial Public Offering (IPO) in Wall Street history. The California-based company issued five million shares of stock, which were slated to trade at $28. By the close of the trading day, Netscape’s stock had zoomed up to $72 a share, which left the company with a market value of $1.96 billion. This for a sixteen-month-old concern, which had produced nothing but a single piece of software.
This success wasn’t lost on other developers. In 1995, industry giant Microsoft would introduce its own browser. Since releasing Internet Explorer, Microsoft has used a barrage of advertisements, as well as questionable business tactics, to claim a good chunk of the browser market, and attract the attention of the Antitrust division of the Justice Department. Needless to say, this hasn’t been a boon to Netscape’s finances, which have flagged considerably since that golden day in the summer of ‘95. In January of 1998, the company reported losses totaling $115 million, which triggered downsizing plans as well as a bevy of takeover rumors.
| 1994 La escritora bangladesí Taslima Nasrin, amenazada
de muerte por los fundamentalistas islámicos, abandona su país y se refugia
1991 Nine Buddhists were found slain at their temple outside Phoenix, Ariz. (Two teen-agers were later arrested; one pleaded guilty to murder, the other was convicted of murder.)
1988 President Reagan signed a measure providing $20'000 payments to Japanese-Americans who were interned during World War II. 1993, Ruth Bader Ginsburg was sworn in as the second female justice on the Supreme Court.
1987 Irak ataca instalaciones petrolíferas iraníes, rompiendo así una tregua que había durado un mes.
1987 In the late stages of its record-setting bull market, the Dow Jones Industrial Average rises 48.84 points to close the day at 2635.84, its first close above 2600. A few months later the bubble would burst and the DJI drop 500 points.
1982 Se aprueba el Estatuto de Autonomía de Canarias y de Castilla-La Mancha.
1973 1st BART train travels thru transbay tube to Montgomery St Station
1962 The price of the ounce of silver reaches $1.08, highest since 1920
1961 The UK applies for membership in the European Common Market
1954 Proclamación de la independencia de Indonesia y abolición de su unión con Holanda.
1952 Sesión inaugural en Luxemburgo de la alta autoridad de la Comunidad Europea del Carbon y del Acero (CECA).
1950 US President Harry S. Truman calls the National Guard to active duty to fight in the Korean War.
| 1944 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
1944 during World War II, American forces overcame remaining Japanese resistance on Guam.
1941 Great Britain and the Soviet Union promise aid to Turkey if it is attacked by the Axis Powers.
1938 Firma del armisticio entre Japón y la URSS para solucionar el litigio fronterizo de Manchukuo.
1938 48ºC, Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
1927 Comienza a esculpirse en la roca viva del monte Rushmore (Dakota del Sur, EE.UU.) el monumento a los presidentes norteamericanos Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln y Rooselvet, obra de Gutzon Borglum y su hijo.
1927 Fin de la guerra que España mantenía en el norte de África contra los insurgentes marroquíes.
1921 Franklin D. Roosevelt is stricken with polio at his summer home on the Canadian island of Campobello.
1920 Se firma el tratado de Sèvres, acuerdo entre los Aliados y Turquía que pone fin al Imperio turco.
1913 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses Se firma el tercer tratado de Bucarest, acuerdo que pone fin a la segunda Guerra Balcánica por el que Bulgaria debe ceder una parte de Macedonia a Serbia y a Grecia.
^ 1907 Peking to Paris Great Automobile Race is won
by prince Borghese of Italy, who covered the 16'000 km in 62 days. Driving across Asia and Europe, the prince encountered brush fire, got stuck in a swamp, and was pulled over by a policeman in Belgium. The policeman refused to believe that the prince was racing, rather than merely speeding. [picture: departure from Peking]
Arrivée de Scipione Borghese à Paris. La foule enthousiaste acclame le vainqueur de la course Pékin - Paris, la plus extraordinaire des courses automobiles de l'histoire (16'000 km). A bord de son " Itala ", le pilote italien avait connu mille mésaventures, mais n'en avait pas moins rallié la capitale française après 62 jours de route et avec vingt jours d'avance sur le deuxième!
| 1893 Chinese deported from SF under Exclusion Act
1885 Leo Daft opens America's 1st coml operated electric streetcar (Balt)
1864 Confederate Commander John Bell Hood sends his cavalry north of Atlanta to cut off Union General William Sherman's supply lines.
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1862 Affair on Nueces River, Texas
1839 Comunicación pública de la Academia de Ciencias de París del descubrimiento de Daguerre, el daguerrotipo, primer paso para la fotografía.
1835 Mob of whites & oxen pulled black school to a swamp out of Canaan NH
1833 Chicago incorporates as a village of about 200
1831 Former slave Nat Turner led violent insurrection against slavery
1827 Race riots in Cincinnati (1000 Blacks leave for Canada)
1806 The British Museum receives a copy of Protocols
of the Learned Elders of Zion
it is a vicious anti-Jewish forgery published in Russia by Sergyei Nilus in 1805.
Regretfully, Mr. Henry Ford Snr. initiated a campaign of Jew-hate in 1920. His Book, "THE INTERNATIONAL JEW" WAS BASED MAINLY ON "THE PROTOCOLS'. Howevert Mr. Ford completely retracted his views expressed in his book:
"To my great regret I learn that in the Dearborn Independent and in reprint pamphlets entitled, 'THE INTERNATIONAL JEW', there have appeared articles which induce the Jews to regard me as their enemy, promoting anti-Semitism.
"As a result of this survey I am deeply mortified that this journal, which is intended to be constructive and not destructive, has been made the medium for resurrecting exploded fictions, for giving currency to the so-called Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion, which have been demonstrated, as I learn, to be gross forgeries, and for contending that the Jews have been engaged in a conspiracy to control the capital and the industries of the world, besides laying at their door many offences against decency, public order and good morals...I deem it to be my duty as an honourable man to make amends for the wrong done to the Jews as fellow men and brothers, by asking their forgiveness for the harm which I have unintentionally committed, by retracting, as far as lies within my power the offensive charges laid at their door by these publications, and by giving them the unqualified assurance that henceforth they may look to me for friendship and good will...
"Had I appreciated even the general nature to say nothing of the details of these utterances, I would have forbidden their circulation without a moment's hesitation...This statement is made on my own initiative and wholly in the interest of right and justice, and is in accordance with what I regard as my solemn duty as a man and as a citizen."
What are the Protocols?
As many of our readers may not be familiar with this infamous forgery the following is a brief summary of its evil ingredients. The "Protocols" are set forth as the minutes of twenty-four secret sessions of "the innermost circle of the rulers of Zion". These fictitious minutes are thus laid down as twenty-four "Protocols" or master plan to enslave the world by the most dastardly and unscrupulous methods imaginable. here are a few examples:
How Did the Protocols Originate?
In 1901 a Russian official in the Chancery of the Synod of Moscow named Serge A. Niles published a strange work entitled, "The Great in the Little and the AntiChrist as a Proximate Political Possibility". Nilus expressed the view that only the Holy Russian Empire could save the world from the rule of Antichrist. The idea behind the book was to bolster the absolute authority of the Czarist regime. In 1905 a second edition of the book appeared with one significant addition - the Protocols! Thus was born one of the most infamous documents ever published. And only Nilus himself ever claimed to have seen the original.
The "Protocols" Exposed as an Infamous Forgery
In August 1921 Mr. Phillip Graves, correspondent of the London "Times" in Constantinople came into the possession of a small book in a tattered condition. Such an insignificant incident may well have passed unnoticed and been swallowed into oblivion had not Mr. Graves recognized a sentence as being identical with one of the "Protocols". Yet, THIS BOOK HAD THE NAME "JOLI" AS THE AUTHOR!
Mr. Graves compared the book written by Monsieur Joli with a copy of the "Protocols" and in it he found repeated word for word, paragraph for paragraph and page for page the text of the earlier book written by Joli. The only alteration was that instead of the word "Zion" Joli had written "France", and instead of "We the Jews" the original book had "The Emperor"!
The book written by Joli was a satire directed against Napoleon III and was entitled "Dialogue in Hell between Machiavelli and Montesquieu". IT HAD NOTHING WHATEVER TO DO WITH THE JEWS!
In three consecutive issues dated 16th, 17th and 18th August, 1921 the London "Times" printed long extracts from the "Protocols" side by side with Joli's "Dialogue in Hell". Thus was the infamous forgery exposed as ONE OF THE MOST INSOLENT FORGERIES OF ALL TIME.
Count Heinrich Coudenhove-Kalergi in his book "ANTI-SEMITISM THROUGHOUT THE AGES" (English translation, Hutchinson, 1935) writes: "This plagiarism is an anti-Semitic forgery from the beginning to the end without any connection whatever with Jewish personalities, groups, organizations or conferences. The publication is in no wise, whether directly or indirectly, a product of the Jewish spirit, or Jewish tradition, or of Jewish sentiments and opinions.
"In the entire fraud committed against humanity which the "Protocols" represents, the Jews are merely innocent objects, while the anti-Semites were the guilty agents. Thousands of Jews have been massacred, maltreated, plundered and imprisoned in the Ukraine and in Germany on account of this forgery. At the same time many millions of non-Jews have been deceived by the "Protocols", they have been induced to commit deeds and to utter words which they would most deeply regret were the facts of the forgery known to them. No book and no event in the history of modern anti-Semitism has played such an important part as this plagiarism; it constitutes the piece de resistance, the choice morsel of after-war anti-Semitism.
"It is, therefore, they duty of all decent men in the world, be they non-Jews or Jews, Anti-Semites or Philo-Semites, to work with all their might and see to it that this shameless lie, forgery and calumny disappears from the world.
"It ought to be made clear to all those who know the "Protocols" that the publication is a plagiarism of fatal world importance. The work of enlightenment is not only a duty to the calumniated Jews, but also to truth, for it is no exaggeration to say that the so called "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" are both one of the most insolent forgeries of all time and one of the meanest calumnies which has existed in human history."
Hitler knew only too well how to manipulate the masses with lies of great magnitude and he exploited the "Protocols" to the fullest extent. Four years after the publication of the warning contained in Count Kalergi's book the harvest of hatred against the Jews began in Europe, and the flames of the holocaust were not extinguished until six million innocent Jewish victims had perished.
The Law Steps In
Dr. A. Zander, editor of a Swiss Nazi organ, published a series of articles on the acceptability of the "Protocols". But Swiss law offered redress and community leaders in that country determined to expose the fraudulent basis of the iniquitous document before a well-respected court of justice.
Trial began in Berne on October 29, 1934, the plaintiffs being Dr. J. Dreyfus-Brodsky, Dr. Marcus Cohen, and Dr. Marcus Ehrenpreis.
On May 19, 1935, the Cantonal Court of Berne, after full investigation declared the "Protocols" to be forgeries, plagiarisms, and obscene literature and gave judgment in favour of the Cantonal Bernese Act. The Nazi, Dr. Zander, was fined.
At Grahamstown, South Africa, in August, 1934, the Court imposed fines totalling 1.775 ($4,500) on three men for concocting a modern version of the "Protocols".
| 1793 Se inaugura en Francia el denominado Museo Central
de las Artes o Museo de la República, en la gran galería del palacio del
1787 Turkey declares war on Russia
1779 Louis XVI of France frees the last remaining serfs on royal land.
1759 Proclamación de Carlos III como rey de España.
1680 In New Mexico, Pop‚ leads rebellion of Pueblo Indians against Spaniards
1678 Traité de Nimègue. Celui-ci est le premier des trois traités de Nimègue. A la Hollande, avec laquelle Louis XIV signe en ce jour, Maastricht et la principauté d'Orange sont restituées. Paz de Nimega, que puso fin a la guerra que Luis XIV de Francia sostenía contra España, Holanda, Estados alemanes y Dinamarca.
1628 The Swedish warship Vasa capsizes and sinks in Stockholm harbor on her maiden voyage.
1582 Russia ends its 25-year war with Poland.
1519 Magellan's 5 ship set sail to circumnavigate the Earth
1304 Bataille de Mons-en-Pévèle. En Flandre, Philippe le Bel est venu venger la défaite de Courtrai. Il remporte sur les Flamands la victoire de Mons-en-Pévèle.
1297 Canonisation de Louis IX. Le pape Boniface VIII autorise le clergé à verser le décime au roi de France, et canonise Louis IX, qui devient Saint Louis.
0955 Battle of Lechfeld in Germany: Otto organizes his nobles and defeats the invading Magyars
0654 Saint Eugene I begins his reign as Pope.
2006 Boyd Lyon, 37, drowned during an afternoon dive after a 140-kg turtle some 400 meters offshore, about 5 km north of the Sebastian Inlet, Florida. He was wearing a wet suit, weight belt, flippers, and mask, but no snorkel or air tank. He was researching male green sea turtles for a master's degree at the University of Central Florida. — (060813)
2006 Hurley Rudd, 78, dies after a heart attack He was a former mayor of Tallahassee, and, starting in 1986, he had served four tems in the Legislature, there he was a champion of state employee salaries, working conditions and benefits. —(060813)
2006 At least 35 persons including a suicide bomber, in a market at a checkpoint 200 m from the shi'ite Ali ibn Abi Talib shrine in Najaf, Iraq. More than 100 persons are injured. — (060810)
2005 Two Finnish pilots, 6 other Finns, 4 Estonians, and 2 US persons, who are all the persons aboard a Sikorsky-76 helicopter of the Finnish company Copterline which, in winds above 70km/h, crashes into the Baltic 4 minutes after its 12:40 (09:40 UT) takeoff from Talinn, Estonia, on a scheduled 18-minute-80-km flight to Helsinki, Finland. (050810)
2005 A Polish sailor, after winds above 70km/h disable a Polish sailboat and break its mast, in the Baltic off Kaliningrad, Russia. The other nine on board are rescued. (050810)
2003 Haviv Dadon, 16, Israeli boy, by one of three 57mm anti-tank shells fired by Hezbollah from across the border in Lebanon at the town Shlomi. Four Israelis are lightly wounded. Hezbollah makes seemingly contradictory statements: 1) those were anti-aircraft shells aimed at Israeli fighter jets flying over southern Lebanon. 2) They were fired in retaliation for the 02 August 2003 assassination by Israel of Hezbollah security officer Ali Hussein Saleh.
2002 Yafit Herenstein, and a Fatah activist who, at about 22:00, cuts through the electronic fence of the moshav (enclave settlement) Mechora in the northern Jordan valley. 20 minutes later he shoots and wounds Jewish settler Arno Herenstein (putting him into a coma), who is approaching his home in his car. Upon hearing the shots, Yafit rushes outside, with a cordless telephone at her ear. The Palestinian shoots a bullet from Arno's M-16 rifle; it cuts through the phone into Yafit's head and kills her instantly. Then soldiers from a battalion of the Nahal Haredi based in the moshav, alerted by the electronic fence, arrive and shoot the infiltrator. Yafit leaves behind her girls: four-month-old Chen, not yet weaned, and two-and-a-half-year-old Shai. Electronic fences were installed at all settlements in the Jordan Valley following the February 2002 attack by.a Hamas terrorist in the Hamra enclave settlement, not far from Mechora, murdering a mother and daughter, and an IDF reservist, and being shot dead.
2002 Ahmed Abdul Rahman al-Karini, 54, Palestinian shot for no reason by an Israeli soldier. Kouraini worked for Nablus' electric department and was on his way to work at the emergency fire services building during a curfew (as allowed because of his job) when he was stopped by an IDF tank. They shot in the air and then a soldier shot him in the head with one bullet.
2001 At least 8 Macedonian soldiers when their truck, in a convoy near Ljubanci and Ljuboten, 10 km north of Skopje, drive over a land mine freshly planted by ethnic Albanian rebels fighting for their rights. 6 soldiers are injured.
1976 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German Expressionist painter and print-maker, born in 1884. MORE ON SCHMIDT~ROTTLUFF AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1969 Leno and Rosemary LaBianca, murdered in their Los Angeles home by members of Charles Manson's cult, one day after actress Sharon Tate and four other people were slain.
1963 Estes Kefauver, 60, (D-Sen-Tn) He wrote Crime in America (1951)
1960 Oswald Veblen, mathematician who made important contributions to projective and differential geometry, and topology.
1945 Robert Goddard father of American rocketry
1929 Fatou, mathematician
1923 Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida, 60, Spanish painter born on 27 (28?) February 1863. MORE ON SOROLLA AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1919 Ukranian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine
1918 Henrici, mathematician.
1911 Jozef Israëls, Dutch painter specialized in genre painting, born on 27 January 1824. MORE ON ISRAËLS AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1908 Louise (Chandler) Moulton, author. MOULTON ONLINE: Poems and Sonnets
1904 Horatio Franklin Moore, author. MOORE ONLINE: Personal and Political Ballads, Reminiscences of Pioneer Days in St. Paul, Women of the War: Their Heroism and Self-Sacrifice
1879 George Long, translated The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (online)
1876 Edward William Lane, translated The Thousand and One Nights (online)
1869 Dupré, mathematician
1868 Adah Isaacs Menken, author. MENKEN ONLINE:: Infelicia, Infelicia (another site)
1843 Adrain, mathematician.
1817 Léon-Matthieu Cochereau, French artist born on 10 February 1793. — link to an image.
1784 Allan Ramsay, Scottish Rococo era painter, specialized in Portraits, born in 1713. MORE ON RAMSAY AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1669 Paulus Orlando Bor (or Borro), Dutch artist.
1655 Lodewyk de Vadder, Brussels Flemish painter, draftsman, engraver, and tapestry designer, baptized as an infant on 08 April 1605. [Not to be confused with >>>] MORE ON DE VADDER AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1456 Rossello di Jacopi Franchi, Italian artist born in 1377.
1759 Fernando VI, rey de España.
0802 Aepinus, mathematician.
2004 Mataya Shanelle Saldivar, by emergency caesarean delivery, premature (30-week pregnancy), because her mother Melissa Saldivar, 19, is brain dead (and dies the next day) having fallen at 03:30 from the car driven by her mate John E. Lipinski, 20, the baby's father, who, it is believed, pushed her out, in Spokane, Washington state. He then took her to Sacred Heart Hospital. Mataya Shanelle dies after 52 days on life support, having been declared brain dead on 16 August 2004
1930 Marta Portal, escritora española.
1926 Carol Ruth Karp, US mathematician who died from cancer on 20 August 1972.
1924 Carlos Castro Saavedra, escritor y poeta colombiano.
1912 Jorge Amado, novelista y académico brasileño.
1910 Angus Campbell US, psychologist (Elections & Political Order)
1909 Mohammed V King of Morocco (1953, 1955-61)
1874 Herbert Clark Hoover West Branch, Iowa, Quaker, orphan, mining engineer, millionaire businessman, relief administrator during and after WWI, Commerce Secretary, (R) 31st US President (1929-1933) during the start of the Depression, writer of The Challenge to Liberty (1934) and Addresses Upon the American Road (8 volumes, 1936-61), head of the two Hoover Commissions (1947-49, 1953-55). Hoover died on 20 October 1964.
1869 Lawrence Binyon Vienna Austria, writer (Symbolic Wounds) BINYON ONLINE: For the Fallen
1867 Valerius de Saedeler, Dutch artist who died in 1941 or 1942.
1865 James Wilson Morrice, Canadian painter who died on 23 January 1924. MORE ON MORRICE AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1865 Aleksandr Konstantinovich Glazunov, Russian symphonic composer. He would write eight complete symphonies and two piano concertos. His first symphony was first performed on 29 March 1892. One of his last works was a concerto for saxophone, flute, and strings, in 1934. Glazunov was born in St. Petersburg. He studied under Rimsky-Korsakov, and was a professor (after 1899) and director of the St. Petersburg Conservatory (1905-1927). The Soviet government gave him the title of People’s Artist of the Republic, but he emigrated on 15 June 1928. Glazunov died in Paris on 21 March 1936. Among his compositions there are 8 symphonies, ballets Raimonda (first performed on 07 January 1898), Seasons of the Year (1899) and works of every branch except opera. portrait by Serov portrait by Repin [05 Aug 1844 29 Sep 1930]
1859 Meshchersky, mathematician
1855 Frederick J. Foakes-Jackson, Anglican theologian. His numerous publications centered around church history. His best-remembered work is The Beginnings of Christianity, Part I: The Acts of the Apostles (5 volumes, 1919-33).
1849 Howard Melancthon Hamill, author. HAMILL ONLINE: The Old South: A Monograph
1841 James David Edgar, author. EDGAR ONLINE: This Canada of Ours and Other Poems (1893), The White Stone Canoe: a Legend of the Ottawas (1885)
1836 Vittorio Avondo, Italian artist who died on 06 December 1910.
1827 George Park Fisher, author. FISHER ONLINE: Essays on the Supernatural Origin of Christianity
1810 Camilio Benso conte di Cavour, Piedmontese statesman, a conservative whose exploitation of international rivalries and of revolutionary movements brought about the unification of Italy (1861)
1806 Julius Weisbach, mathematician
1753 Edmund Jennings Randolph, governor of Virginia and first US attorney general.
1749 Christian August Lorentzen, Danish artist who died on 08 May 1828.
1650 Leender Knyff, Dutch artist who died in 1721 on 1722.
1617 Ambrosius Brueghel, Antwerp Flemish artist who died on 09 February 1675.
1602 Roberval, mathematician.
1578 Matteo Roselli, Italian artist who died on 18 January 1650.